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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203344/child-neurology-residency-program-directors-and-program-coordinators-2016-workforce-survey
#1
Donald L Gilbert, Julie A LaBare, Karen Keough, Terri B Feist
BACKGROUND: Responsibilities of Program Directors' (PDs) and Program Coordinators' (PCs) roles continue to evolve within Graduate Medical Education (GME). METHODS: In 2016, the authors conducted an anonymous electronic survey of Child Neurology and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities PDs (n = 76) and PCs (n = 68) to address workforce characteristics, challenges related to implementing Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements, and institutional support...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176812/generation-y-and-surgical-residency-passing-the-baton-or-the-end-of-the-world-as-we-know-it-results-from-a-survey-among-medical-students-in-germany
#2
Robert Kleinert, Claudia Fuchs, Vanessa Romotzky, Laura Knepper, Marie-Luise Wasilewski, Wolfgang Schröder, Christiane Bruns, Christiane Woopen, Jessica Leers
INTRODUCTION: The current student generation have their own expectations toward professional life and pay particular attention to their work-life balance. Less interest in work-intensive specialties leads to a shortage of skilled candidates especially in surgery. In order to motivate students into a surgical residency, new priorities become important. A deeper understanding of the underlying arguments and students' expectations towards a surgical training are necessary to counteract a future shortage of specialized surgeons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103635/socioeconomic-differences-in-self-and-family-awareness-of-viral-hepatitis-status-among-carriers-of-hepatitis-b-or-c-in-rural-korea
#3
Hye-Ran Ahn, Sung-Bum Cho, Ik Joo Chung, Sun-Seog Kweon
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is the most important cause of hepatocellular carcinoma in Korea. This study evaluated the socioeconomic differences in self- and family awareness of hepatitis status among hepatitis B and C carriers and their cohabitants in rural Korea. METHODS: In total, 5,017 randomly selected rural residents participated in a seroepidemiologic and questionnaire survey. We found 326 hepatitis B surface antigen carriers or hepatitis C antibody carriers and 310 family members cohabiting with members of this group...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071804/contributions-of-academic-emergency-medicine-programs-to-u-s-health-care-summary-of-the-aaaem-aacem-benchmarking-data
#4
Martin A Reznek, James J Scheulen, Cathi A Harbertson, Kevin A Kotkowski, Gabor D Kelen, Gregory A Volturo
OBJECTIVES: The societal contribution of emergency care in the United States has been described. The role and impact of academic emergency departments (EDs) has been less clear. Our report summarizes the results of a benchmarking effort specifically focused on academic emergency medicine (EM) practices. METHODS: From October through December 2016, the Academy of Academic Administrators of Emergency Medicine (AAAEM) and the Association of Academic Chairs of Emergency Medicine (AACEM) jointly administered a benchmarking survey to allopathic, academic departments and divisions of emergency medicine...
October 26, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988298/is-there-a-return-on-a-children-s-hospital-s-investment-in-a-pediatric-residency-s-community-health-track-a-cost-analysis
#5
Cara Lichtenstein, Denice Cora-Bramble, Mary Ottolini, Dewesh Agrawal
Academic Medical Centers incur significant expenses associated with training residents and caring for underserved populations. No previous studies have analyzed hospital-level graduate medical education economics for pediatric residency training. Using data from the 2010-2011 academic year, we quantified total direct costs per year for training 12 community health track (CHT) residents. Utilizing sensitivity analyses, we estimated revenues generated by residents in inpatient and outpatient settings. The total yearly direct cost of training 12 CHT residents was $922,640 including salaries, benefits, and administrative costs...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967576/associate-program-directors-in-surgery-a-select-group-of-surgical-educators
#6
Farin Amersi, Jennifer Choi, Afshin Molkara, Danny Takanishi, Karen Deveney, Areti Tillou
OBJECTIVE: The role of the Associate Program Director (APD) within surgical education is not clearly defined or regulated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, often leading to variations in the responsibilities among institutions. Required credentials are not specified and compensation and protected time are not regulated resulting in large discrepancies among institutions. APDs are brought into the fold of surgical education to parcel out the escalating responsibilities of program director (PD)...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918683/i-through-we-how-supportive-social-relationships-facilitate-personal-growth
#7
David S Lee, Oscar Ybarra, Richard Gonzalez, Phoebe Ellsworth
Personal growth is usually considered an outcome of intrapersonal processes-personal resources residing within the person. Comparatively, little research has examined the interpersonal processes underlying personal growth. We investigated how one interpersonal factor-people's relationships with others-influences personal growth. Study 1 showed that brief reminders of a supportive (vs. nonsupportive) other led people to choose a job that promoted personal growth over one that offered a higher salary. Moreover, feelings of self-confidence from thinking about a supportive (vs...
September 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#8
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871808/sex-differences-in-radiologist-salary-in-u-s-public-medical-schools
#9
Neena Kapoor, Daniel M Blumenthal, Stacy E Smith, Ivan K Ip, Ramin Khorasani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate salary differences between male and female academic radiologists at U.S. medical schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laws in several U.S. states mandate public release of government records, including salary information of state employees. From online salary data published by 12 states, we extracted the salaries of all academic radiologists at 24 public medical schools during 2011-2013 (n = 573 radiologists). In this institutional review board-approved cross-sectional study, we linked these data to a physician database with information on physician sex, age, faculty rank, years since residency, clinical trial involvement, National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding, scientific publications, and clinical volume measured by 2013 Medicare payments...
November 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865903/the-perfect-storm-is-on-the-horizon
#10
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804148/critical-care-pharmacist-market-perceptions-comparison-of-critical-care-program-directors-and-directors-of-pharmacy
#11
David R Hager, Rosemary A Persaud, Ryan W Naseman, Kavish Choudhary, Kristen E Carter, Amanda Hansen
Background: While hospital beds continue to decline as patients previously treated as inpatients are stabilized in ambulatory settings, the number of critical care beds available in the United States continues to rise. Growth in pharmacy student graduation, postgraduate year 2 critical care (PGY2 CC) residency programs, and positions has also increased. There is a perception that the critical care trained pharmacist market is saturated, yet this has not been evaluated since the rise in pharmacy graduates and residency programs...
May 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757429/women-s-career-choices-in-radiology-in-france
#12
N Pyatigorskaya, M Madson, L Di Marco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the possible effects of gender on residents' and fellows' motivations in choosing radiology as a career in France, and on choosing a practice setting later on. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An online survey was sent to French residents and fellows in order to access their radiology practice and career aspirations, as well as the potential influence of their gender. Influence of being a woman on initial professional expectations, professional choices, and the evolution of career paths was investigated using the chi-square test...
July 27, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651463/-what-do-family-medicine-trainees-think-about-gratitude-payment
#13
Zsuzsa Győrffy, László Kalabay, András Mohos, Bernadett Márkus, Anna Nánási, József Rinfel, Edmond Girasek, Péter Torzsa
INTRODUCTION: The issue of gratuity is one of the most important health policy issues in Hungary. AIM: The authors' aim is to investigate the attitude of Hungarian family medicine trainees towards gratitude payment. METHOD: Quantitative, paper-based survey among trainees from four Departments of Family Medicine in Hungary (n = 152). RESULTS: More than 50 percent of the residents do not approve of accepting gratitude money...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633168/integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-family-medicine-residency-programs
#14
Jody L Lounsbery, Jennie B Jarrett, Lori M Dickerson, Stephen A Wilson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical pharmacists are valued educators and practitioners within family medicine residency programs (FMRPs). Since the last survey of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs, there have been significant advancements to pharmacy education and training as well as growth of interprofessional education and collaborative practice within family medicine. The objective of this study is to describe the integration of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs. METHODS: All 480 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved FMRPs were contacted to identify clinical pharmacists involved with their programs...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630513/career-progression-of-the-pharmacy-mba-professional-characterization-and-perceptions-of-the-combined-degree
#15
Christopher J Daly, Sarah-Elizabeth L Tierney, Erin O'Brien, Karl D Fiebelkorn, David M Jacobs
Objectives. To characterize pharmacy/MBA professionals during their entry-level and current positions and to describe their attitudes and perceptions toward their combined degree. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of University at Buffalo (UB) alumni who obtained both pharmacy and MBA degrees was used. An electronic survey was developed through collaboration with the UB School of Management and administered in winter 2015. Results. A total of 68/115 (59% response rate) pharmacy/MBA professionals responded to the survey...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611876/effectiveness-of-resident-physicians-as-triage-liaison-providers-in-an-academic-emergency-department
#16
Victoria Weston, Sushil K Jain, Michael Gottlieb, Amer Aldeen, Stephanie Gravenor, Michael J Schmidt, Sanjeev Malik
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department (ED) crowding is associated with detrimental effects on ED quality of care. Triage liaison providers (TLP) have been used to mitigate the effects of crowding. Prior studies have evaluated attending physicians and advanced practice providers as TLPs, with limited data evaluating resident physicians as TLPs. This study compares operational performance outcomes between resident and attending physicians as TLPs. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared aggregate operational performance at an urban, academic ED during pre- and post-TLP periods...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552684/-primary-care-in-italy
#17
T Sánchez-Sagrado
Italy is not a country where Spanish doctors emigrate, as there is an over-supply of health care professionals. The Italian Servizio Sanitario Nazionale has some differences compared to the Spanish National Health System. The Servizio Sanitario Nazionale is financed by national and regional taxes and co-payments. There are taxes earmarked for health, and Primary Care receives 50% of the total funds. Italian citizens and residents in Italy have the right to free health cover. However, there are co-payments for laboratory and imaging tests, pharmaceuticals, specialist ambulatory services, and emergencies...
May 25, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#18
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528992/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-fellowship-match-outcomes-2000-2015
#19
Gad Dotan, Daniel J Karr, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To analyze trends in US pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus (PO&S) Match over the last 16 years. METHODS: We reviewed the PO&S Match outcomes from 2000 to 2015, evaluating the number of participating programs, positions offered, and match rate, comparing it with other subspecialties, and analyzing results of US graduates versus international medical graduates (IMGs). A survey of PO&S program directors explored exposure to PO&S, policies on acceptance of IMGs, fellowship gross salary, job opportunities, and fellow placement after training...
May 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465031/popular-initiatives-in-2014-2016-call-for-the-introduction-of-mandatory-dental-care-insurance-in-switzerland-the-contrasting-positions-at-stake
#20
Enrico di Bella, Lucia Leporatti, Marcello Montefiori, Ivo Krejci, Stefano Ardu
Switzerland's mandatory health insurance system provides coverage for a standard benefits package for all residents. However, adult dental care is covered only in case of accidents and inevitable dental illnesses, while routine dental care is almost completely financed out-of-pocket. In general, unmet health needs in Switzerland are low, but unmet dental needs are significant, when compared with other countries in Europe. Recent popular initiatives in Switzerland have aimed to introduce a mandatory insurance model for dental care through a mandatory contribution of 1% of gross salaries toward dental care insurance...
April 12, 2017: Health Policy
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