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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202070/social-capital-and-job-satisfaction-among-substance-abuse-treatment-employees
#1
Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is an important predictor for management and clinical ratios. Although it is accepted that is affected by many aspects, the influence of social capital remains to be determined. The main purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and individual social capital for employees offering services in the treatment of addiction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 employees from 14 therapeutic programs at KETEA (Therapy Center for Dependent Individuals in Greece) (KETHEA)...
February 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121652/the-net-present-value-and-other-economic-implications-of-a-medical-career
#2
Uwe E Reinhardt
College graduates' career choices are driven by a complex mixture of factors, one of which is economics. The author comments on the report by Marcu and colleagues in this issue, which focuses strictly on the economics of this decision. Specifically, Marcu and colleagues modeled career choices as long-term financial investments in human capital, which consists of the knowledge and clinical skills physicians gain in undergraduate and graduate medical education. They distill the numerous factors that shape the economics of career choice into a commonly used criterion for long-term financial investments of any kind-namely, the so-called net present value (NPV) of the investment...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088617/assessing-physician-productivity-following-norwegian-hospital-reform-a-panel-and-data-envelopment-analysis
#3
Karl Arne Johannessen, Sverre A C Kittelsen, Terje P Hagen
BACKGROUND: Although health care reforms may improve efficiency at the macro level, less is known regarding their effects on the utilization of health care personnel. Following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform, we studied the productivity of the physician workforce and the effect of personnel mix on this measure in all nineteen Norwegian hospitals from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: We used panel analysis and non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) to study physician productivity defined as patient treatments per full-time equivalent (FTE) physician...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076579/factors-that-influence-career-choice-in-primary-care-among-medical-students-starting-social-service-in-honduras
#4
E Benjamín Puertas, Tamara Y Rivera
Objective: To 1) describe patterns of specialty choice; 2) investigate relationships between career selection and selected demographic indicators; and 3) identify salary perception, factors that influence career choice in primary care, and factors that influence desired location of future medical practice. Methods: The study used a mixed-methods approach that included a cross-sectional questionnaire survey applied to 234 last-year medical students in Honduras (September 2014), and semi-structured interviews with eight key informants (October 2014)...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048459/we-g-204-01-building-a-career-in-academic-medical-physics-the-hardest-and-best-job-you-will-ever-have
#5
J Hazle
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#6
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#7
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046839/we-g-204-02-so-you-want-to-do-research-two-approaches-to-beginning-a-career-in-medical-physics-research
#8
J Deasy
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#9
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046388/we-g-204-00-post-graduate-training-of-the-next-generation-of-academic-medical-physicists
#10
John Hazle
While many indicators for academic medical physics are distressing - jobs are tight, demands on clinical time are high (and getting worse) and national funding has been flat for several years (meaning less money in reality) the present is perhaps one of the most exciting times in cancer research history, and medical physicists have an opportunity to make a difference. Many of us predict the impact of medical physics on cancer research over the next decade to be more significant than ever. Why is that? First, medical imaging is used for every cancer patient in developed countries...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930509/current-challenges-in-providing-bariatric-surgery-in-france-a-nationwide-study
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sébastien Czernichow, Michel Paita, David Nocca, Simon Msika, Arnaud Basdevant, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
Bariatric surgery is a well-accepted procedure for severe and massive obesity management. We aimed to determine trends, geographical variations, and factors influencing bariatric surgery and the choice of procedure in France in a large observational study.The Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers (Caisse National Assurance Maladie Travailleurs Salariés) covers about 86% of the French population. The Système National d'Information Inter-régimes de l'Assurance Maladie database contains individualized and anonymized patient data on all reimbursements for healthcare expenditure...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#12
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587570/self-perceptions-of-value-barriers-and-motivations-for-graduate-education-among-dental-hygienists
#13
Amy N Smith, Linda D Boyd, Christine Macarelli Rogers, Ronald C Le Jeune
Increasing the knowledge base of its practitioners through formal education is vital to advancing the dental hygiene profession, ensuring practitioners' readiness for participation in future health care workforce models, and preparing future dental hygiene educators. The aim of this study was to discover the value of, barriers to, and motivations for graduate education among dental hygienists as a first step toward establishing ways to stimulate enrollment and facilitate program change. A qualitative pilot study design was used, with focus groups used for data collection...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533329/us-residency-competitiveness-future-salary-and-burnout-in-primary-care-vs-specialty-fields
#14
David A Faber, Shivam Joshi, Mark H Ebell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441397/an-environmental-scan-of-academic-emergency-medicine-at-the-17-canadian-medical-schools-why-does-this-matter-to-emergency-physicians
#15
Ian G Stiell, Jennifer D Artz, Eddy S Lang, Jonathan Sherbino, Laurie J Morrison, James Christenson, Jeffrey J Perry, Claude Topping, Robert Woods, Robert S Green, Rodrick Lim, Kirk Magee, John Foote, Garth Meckler, Mark Mensour, Simon Field, Brian Chung, Martin Kuuskne, James Ducharme, Vera Klein, Jill McEwen
OBJECTIVE: We sought to conduct a major objective of the CAEP Academic Section, an environmental scan of the academic emergency medicine programs across the 17 Canadian medical schools. METHODS: We developed an 84-question questionnaire, which was distributed to academic heads. The responses were validated by phone by the lead author to ensure that the questions were answered completely and consistently. Details of pediatric emergency medicine units were excluded from the scan...
January 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385945/fringe-benefits-among-us-orthopedic-residency-programs-vary-considerably-a-national-survey
#16
R Carter Clement, Erik Olsson, Prateek Katti, Robert J Esther
BACKGROUND: Residency programs compete to attract applicants based on numerous factors. Previous research has suggested that medical students consider quality of life among the most important factors in selecting a program. One aspect of workplace quality of life is the cadre of non-monetary benefits offered to employees. However, with federal funding for graduate medical education (GME) under consideration for spending cuts, the source and continuation of such benefits may be in question...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379353/influence-of-medical-student-debt-on-the-decision-to-pursue-careers-in-primary-care
#17
Joseph A Gil, Gregory R Waryasz, Dorothy Liu, Alan H Daniels
PURPOSE: To determine if medical student debt has an effect on medical student specialty choice. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to students at 12 medical schools across the United States to assess the effect of debt on specialty choice. RESULTS: In total, 415 students responded to the survey; 98 medical students reported that they were pursuing a primary care residency (PCR) and 250 reported that they were pursing a non-primary care residency (NPCR)...
July 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327253/-undergraduate-medical-students-on-call-to-assist-in-theatre-analysis-of-the-financial-aspects-and-a-mixed-method-study-exploring-their-motives-for-working
#18
C Rabe, M Ghadimi, S König
Background/Purpose: Surgical patient care has grown in complexity, as hospital workload has continuously increased. We therefore established a pool of "undergraduate medical students on call" to assist in the theatre outside working hours. We aimed to recruit talented students to reduce the burden on physicians and to motivate students into entering surgery. Methods: An exploratory mixed-method study was performed. In a qualitative study, guided interviews were conducted with five students about their reasons for working in the theatre and the results were used to construct an online questionnaire using EvaSys®...
June 21, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272423/family-physician-clinical-compensation-in-an-academic-environment-moving-away-from-the-relative-value-unit
#19
Jennifer Lochner, Elizabeth Trowbridge, Sandra Kamnetz, Nancy Pandhi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physician compensation structures have remained largely volume-based, lagging behind changes in reimbursement that increasingly include population approaches such as capitation, bundled payments, and care management fees. We describe a population health-based physician compensation plan developed for two departmental family medicine faculty groups (residency teaching clinic faculty and community clinic faculty) along with outcomes before and after the plan's implementation...
June 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231801/low-cost-generic-program-use-by-medicare-beneficiaries-implications-for-medication-exposure-misclassification-in-administrative-claims-data
#20
Nathan J Pauly, Jeffery C Talbert, Joshua Brown
BACKGROUND: Administrative claims data are used for a wide variety of research and quality assurance purposes; however, they are prone to medication exposure misclassification if medications are purchased without using an insurance benefit. Low-cost generic drug programs (LCGPs) offered at major chain pharmacies are a relatively new and sparsely investigated source of exposure misclassification. LCGP medications are often purchased out of pocket; thus, a pharmacy claim may never be submitted, and the exposure may go unobserved in claims data...
June 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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