keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

combat medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740942/anti-viral-effects-of-medicinal-plants-in-the-management-of-dengue-a-systematic-review
#1
Éric Heleno Freira Ferreira Frederico, André Luiz Bandeira Dionísio Cardoso, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Carlos Alberto Sampaio Guimarães, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Danielle Soares Morel, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Patricia Lopes de Souza, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Rafaelle Pacheco Carvalho-Lima, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Rebeca Graça Costa-Cavalcanti, Cristiane Ribeiro Kutter, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Dengue is considered as an important arboviral disease. Safe, low-cost, and effective drugs that possess inhibitory activity against dengue virus (DENV) are mostly needed to try to combat the dengue infection worldwide. Medicinal plants have been considered as an important alternative to manage several diseases, such as dengue. As authors have demonstrated the antiviral effect of medicinal plants against DENV, the aim of this study was to review systematically the published research concerning the use of medicinal plants in the management of dengue using the PubMed database...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728596/implementation-of-longevity-promoting-supplements-and-medications-in-public-health-practice-achievements-challenges-and-future-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Alexander Vaiserman, Oleh Lushchak
BACKGROUND: Most modern societies undergo rapid population aging. The rise in life expectancy, nevertheless, is not accompanied, to date, by the same increment of healthspan. Efforts to increase healthspan by means of supplements and pharmaceuticals targeting aging-related pathologies are presently in spotlight of a new branch in geriatric medicine, geroscience, postulating that aging could be manipulated in such a way that will in parallel allow delay the onset of all age-associated chronic disorders...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722154/application-of-headspace-solid-phase-microextraction-followed-by-gas-chromatography-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry-spme-gc-ms-to-determine-esters-of-carboxylic-acids-and-other-volatile-compounds-in-d-maculatus-and-d-ater-lipids
#3
Magdalena Cerkowniak, Mieczysława I Boguś, Emilia Włóka, Piotr Stepnowski, Marek Gołębiowski
A constant problem in veterinary medicine, human healthcare, agriculture, forestry or horticulture is the large number of pests, and the lack of effective methods to combat them which cause no harm to the rest of the environment. It is recommended and desired to reduce the use of chemicals and increase the use of agents based on the knowledge acquired in the field of biology, chemistry, and agrochemicals. To learn the defense mechanisms of insects we should consider not only the site of their physiological ability to protect against external factors (cuticle), but also check the possibility of chemical protection, formed by all compounds on the surface and in the body of insects...
July 19, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717849/an-assessment-of-benzimidazole-resistance-against-caprine-nematodes-in-central-india
#4
A K Dixit, G Das, Pooja Dixit, A P Singh, N K Kumbhakar, M Sankar, R L Sharma
Current status of resistance to benzimidazole (BZ) group of anthelmintic drugs against caprine nematodes in Central India at Amanala goat farm, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (M. P.), was systematically investigated using faecal egg count reduction (FECR) test and egg hatch test (EHT). Besides, allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was deployed to ascertain the susceptible genotype (alleles) especially of the Haemonchus contortus. Randomly selected 30 goats, irrespective of age and sex, were divided into three groups of 10 each, to serve as treated and untreated controls...
July 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711545/antiulcer-properties-of-fruits-and-vegetables-a-mechanism-based-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Choudhary Harsha, Kishore Banik, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Gastric ulcer is the damage caused to mucosal layer of the stomach under the action of various factors like high levels of acid and pepsin, invasion by Helicobacter pylori, etc. Although most cases have been controlled and the rate of ulcer occurrence has reduced over the last few decades, gastric ulcer still holds a prime concern today. A range of palliative medicines comprising proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor antagonists, COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs) is widely in use and patients have also been administered with acid suppression therapies...
July 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710142/perspective-neuroregenerative-nutrition
#6
Dennis A Steindler, Brent A Reynolds
Good health while aging depends upon optimal cellular and organ functioning that contribute to the regenerative ability of the body during the lifespan, especially when injuries and diseases occur. Although diet may help in the maintenance of cellular fitness during periods of stability or modest decline in the regenerative function of an organ, this approach is inadequate in an aged system, in which the ability to maintain homeostasis is further challenged by aging and the ensuing suboptimal functioning of the regenerative unit, tissue-specific stem cells...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676036/tobacco-use-among-kyrgyzstan-medical-students-an-11-year-follow-up-cross-sectional-study
#7
Nurlan Brimkulov, Denis Vinnikov, Zhamilia Dzhilkiadarova, Aigerim Aralbaeva
BACKGROUND: Medical students are the first line active force to combat tobacco epidemic, but they may suffer from high smoking prevalence and wrong attitude themselves. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of current curriculum on smoking behavior of medical students in Kyrgyzstan. METHODS: 20% random sample of all 6 years of the School of Medicine in Kyrgyz State Medical Academy were interviewed in spring 2016. The questionnaire included sections on tobacco products consumption and knowledge and attitude to counseling...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671767/emergence-of-gold-mesoporous-silica-hybrid-nanotheranostics-dox-encoded-folate-targeted-chemotherapy-with-modulation-of-sers-fingerprinting-for-apoptosis-toward-tumor-eradication
#8
Adukkadan N Ramya, Manu M Joseph, Santhi Maniganda, Varsha Karunakaran, Sreelekha T T, Kaustabh Kumar Maiti
Strategically fabricated theranostic nanocarrier delivery system is an unmet need in personalized medicine. Herein, this study reports a versatile folate receptor (FR) targeted nanoenvelop delivery system (TNEDS) fabricated with gold core silica shell followed by chitosan-folic acid conjugate surface functionalization by for precise loading of doxorubicin (Dox), resembled as Au@SiO2 -Dox-CS-FA. TNEDS possesses up to 90% Dox loading efficiency and internalized through endocytosis pathway leading to pH and redox-sensitive release kinetics...
July 3, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664582/the-macrolide-antibiotic-renaissance
#9
REVIEW
Dinos P George
Macrolides represent a large family of protein synthesis inhibitors with high clinical interest due to their applicability for human medicine. Macrolides are composed of a macrocyclic lactone of different ring sizes, to which one or more deoxy-sugar or amino-sugar residues are attached. Macrolides act as antibiotics by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit and interfering with protein synthesis. The high affinity of macrolides for bacterial ribosomes, together with the highly conserved structure of ribosomes across virtually all of the bacterial species, is consistent with their broad-spectrum activity...
June 29, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663698/efficacy-of-mastoparan-af-alone-and-in-combination-with-clinically-used-antibiotics-on-nosocomial-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#10
Chun-Hsien Lin, Mong-Chuan Lee, Jason T C Tzen, Hsien-Ming Lee, Sam-Min Chang, Wu-Chun Tu, Chuen-Fu Lin
Emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) has become a critical clinical problem worldwide and limited therapeutic options for infectious diseases caused by MDRAB. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of new antimicrobial agents or alternative therapy to combat MDRAB infection. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of Mastoparan-AF (MP-AF), an amphipathic peptide isolated from the hornet venom of Vespa affinis with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, on MDRAB...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645774/evaluation-of-selected-indian-medicinal-plants-for-antagonistic-potential-against-malassezia-spp-and-the-synergistic-effect-of-embelin-in-combination-with-ketoconazole
#11
Chandran Sivasankar, Subramanian Gayathri, James Prabhanand Bhaskar, Venkat Krishnan, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian
The genus Malassezia comprises of extremely lipophilic yeasts secreting lipases as a vital factor for survival. They are emerging as opportunistic pathogens in medical microbiology and dermatology by causing recurring and recalcitrant infection. Combinatorial therapy is a constructive way to combat infectious diseases. In that prospect, totally 16 Indian medicinal plants were screened, among which a maximum degree of antimicrobial activity was ascertained in Embelia ribes. Subsequently embelin was identified as the bioactive principle with antagonistic potential by comparative antimicrobial assay and FTIR analysis...
June 20, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643003/recent-developments-in-solution-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-nmr-based-molecular-biology
#12
REVIEW
Joshua J Ziarek, Diego Baptista, Gerhard Wagner
Visualizing post-translational modifications, conformations, and interaction surfaces of protein structures at atomic resolution underpins the development of novel therapeutics to combat disease. As computational resources expand, in silico calculations coupled with experimentally derived structures and functional assays have led to an explosion in structure-based drug design (SBDD) with several compounds in clinical trials. It is increasingly clear that "hidden" transition-state structures along activation trajectories can be harnessed to develop novel classes of allosteric inhibitors...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638517/writing-well-the-long-term-effect-on-empathy-observation-and-physician-writing-through-a-residency-writers-workshop
#13
Megan Lemay, John Encandela, Lisa Sanders, Anna Reisman
BACKGROUND: Writing narratives during medical training can provide a way to derive meaning from challenging experiences, enhance reflection, and combat burnout. The Yale Internal Medicine Residency Writers' Workshop, an annual 2-day intensive workshop followed by faculty-guided writing revision and publication, has been training resident physicians in the craft of writing since 2003. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the long-term effects of a craft-focused writers' workshop for residents on empathy, observation skills, and future writing...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621735/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-oxidant-potential-of-the-root-extract-and-constituents-of-doronicum-austriacum
#14
Stefania Marzocco, Simona Adesso, Mostafa Alilou, Hermann Stuppner, Stefan Schwaiger
Doronicum austriacum Jacq., Asteraceae, is a plant which is used in traditional alpine medicine. Historical sources describe the medical use of the root, but up until now only a few studies evaluated its pharmacological properties. The evaluation of the dichloromethane extract, and its major compounds for their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant potential was performed in macrophages J774A.1 and C6 astrocytes. Nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) release, as well as nitrotyrosine formation, were evaluated...
June 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607803/cellular-immunity-augmentation-in-mainstream-oncologic-therapy
#15
Daohong Chen, Xiaoshi Zhang
Anticancer immunotherapy has undergone a long evolving journey for decades, and has been dramatically applied to mainstream treatments in oncology in recent 5 years. This progress represents an advanced milestone following cytotoxic medicine and targeted therapy. Cellular immunity plays a pivotal role in the immune responses of hosts to tumor antigens. Such immunity is notably suppressed during neoplastic progression due to immuno-editing processes. Cellular immunity can also be selectively re-activated to combat malignancies while exploiting the advantages of contemporary scientific breakthroughs in molecular immunology and genetic engineering...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603494/yxqn-reduces-alzheimer-s-disease-like-pathology-and-cognitive-decline-in-appsweps1de9-transgenic-mice
#16
Xiaowan Wang, Runmin Song, Wenliang Lu, Ziyu Liu, Lichun Wang, Xiaojuan Zhu, Yanjun Liu, Zijie Sun, Jiang Li, Xiaomeng Li
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the world's most common form of dementia, in which aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) is the hallmark. Unfortunately, few medicines have succeeded to completely cure AD. Yangxue Qingnao (YXQN) is a Chinese traditional medicine, and its pharmacological effect is improving cerebral blood flow. In this study, we firstly demonstrated that YXQN reduced AD-like pathology and cognitive impairment in APPswePS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice with 2 months administration. Our data showed that YXQN substantially ameliorated behavioral defects in 10-month old APP/PS1 mice using Morris Water Maze and Y-maze tests, in which the cognitive ability of YXQN high-dose group approaches to wild type mice...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601208/bleeding-control-with-limb-tourniquet-use-in-the-wilderness-setting-review-of-science
#17
REVIEW
John F Kragh, Michael A Dubick
The purpose of this review is to summarize tourniquet science for possible translation to wilderness settings. Much combat casualty data has been studied since 2005, and use of tourniquets in the military has changed from a last resort to first aid. The US Government has made use of tourniquets a health policy aimed to improve public access to bleeding control items. International authorities believe that education in first aid should be universal, as all can and should learn first aid. The safety record of tourniquet use is mixed, but users are reliably safe if trained well...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601206/prolonged-field-care-beyond-the-golden-hour
#18
REVIEW
Sean Keenan, Jamie C Riesberg
Prolonged field care (PFC) has emerged as a recent area of focus for US military Special Operations Forces (SOF) medical experts. Focused on the current reality of providing medical care to military forces often deployed in remote and austere locations far from medical support or a robust casualty evacuation chain, PFC encompasses evolving operational situations not unlike many wilderness medicine practice environments. SOF currently operates in all areas of the world and on a variety of different missions, which finds these small teams far from the accustomed practice environment of robust deployed medical infrastructure commonly seen during the last 15 years of military conflicts...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#19
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596070/sm%C3%A2-sm-the-interface-of-systems-medicine-and-sexual-medicine-for-facing-non-communicable-diseases-in-a-gender-dependent-manner
#20
REVIEW
Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Complex non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disorders, are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The complexity of NCDs requires innovative, integrated, and interdisciplinary approaches for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention by adopting the new paradigm called systems medicine. A growing body of evidence suggests that sexual dysfunction in general and erectile and lubrication dysfunctions in particular are, in a sex-dependent manner, efficient predictors of overall systemic well-being...
June 5, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
keyword
keyword
84469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"