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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631272/a-unique-fatal-moose-attack-mimicking-homicide
#1
Petur Gudmannsson, Johan Berge, Henrik Druid, Göran Ericsson, Anders Eriksson
Fatalities caused by animal attacks are rare, but have the potential to mimic homicide. We present a case in which a moose attacked and killed a woman who was walking her dog in a forest. Autopsy showed widespread blunt trauma with a large laceration on one leg in which blades of grass were embedded. Flail chest was the cause of death. The case was initially conceived as homicide by means of a riding lawn mower. A review of the case by moose experts and analyses of biological trace material that proved to originate from moose, established the true source of injury...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631166/morphology-and-the-gradient-of-a-symmetric-potential-predict-gait-transitions-of-dogs
#2
Simon Wilshin, G Clark Haynes, Jack Porteous, Daniel Koditschek, Shai Revzen, Andrew J Spence
Gaits and gait transitions play a central role in the movement of animals. Symmetry is thought to govern the structure of the nervous system, and constrain the limb motions of quadrupeds. We quantify the symmetry of dog gaits with respect to combinations of bilateral, fore-aft, and spatio-temporal symmetry groups. We tested the ability of symmetries to model motion capture data of dogs walking, trotting and transitioning between those gaits. Fully symmetric models performed comparably to asymmetric with only a [Formula: see text] increase in the residual sum of squares and only one-quarter of the parameters...
June 19, 2017: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620486/overweight-dogs-exercise-less-frequently-and-for-shorter-periods-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-from-the-uk
#3
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Canine obesity is now the number one health concern in dogs worldwide. Regular physical activity can improve health, and owners are advised to exercise their dogs on a regular basis. However, limited information exists about associations between overweight status of dogs and walking activity. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a national UK television programme, exploring dog behaviour. Information gathered included signalment, overweight status, and owner-reported information on duration and frequency of dog walking...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620485/variation-in-activity-levels-amongst-dogs-of-different-breeds-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-from-the-uk
#4
Emily Pickup, Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Regular physical activity is an important means of promoting health, both in people and their pets. Walking is the most common method used for dogs, but there is a lack of clarity on how much daily activity different breeds of dog require. Data from an online survey of UK dog owners were collected between June and August in 2014. The University of Liverpool Ethics Committee approved the project, and owners consented to data use. The initial dataset (17 028 dogs) was first cleaned to remove erroneous data, and then edited to remove mixed breed dogs, leaving a total of 12 314 dogs from known pedigree breeds...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611846/safety-of-allogeneic-canine-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-intraspinal-transplantation-in-dogs-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Cláudia Cardoso Maciel Escalhão, Isalira Peroba Ramos, Camila Hochman-Mendez, Tais Hanae Kasai Brunswick, Sergio Augusto Lopes Souza, Bianca Gutfilen, Regina Coeli Dos Santos Goldenberg, Tatiana Coelho-Sampaio
This is a pilot clinical study primarily designed to assess the feasibility and safety of X-ray-guided percutaneous intraspinal injection of allogeneic canine adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells in dogs with chronic spinal cord injury. Six dogs with chronic paraplegia (≥six months) were intraparenchymally injected with allogeneic cells in the site of lesion. Cells were obtained from subcutaneous adipose tissue of a healthy dog, cultured to passage 3, labeled with (99m)Technetium, and transplanted into the lesion by percutaneous X-ray-guided injection...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595596/the-influence-of-dog-ownership-on-objective-measures-of-free-living-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-longitudinal-case-controlled-study
#6
Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity. Additionally, the effect of dog ownership on sedentary behaviour (SB) has not been explored. The aim of the current study was to address these issues by using activPAL monitors to evaluate the influence of dog ownership on health enhancing PA and SB in a longitudinal study of independently-mobile, community-dwelling older adults...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580360/complete-cranial-iliac-osteotomy-to-approach-the-lumbosacral-foramen
#7
Barbara Dyall, Hugo Schmökel
An approach using a complete cranial iliac osteotomy (CCIO) to access the lumbosacral (LS) foramen in dogs from lateral was developed using cadavers and applied in a clinical patient with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS). The foraminal enlargement in the cadavers and the patient was documented on postoperative CT scans. The preoperative CT scan of the patient showed moderate cranial telescoping of the sacral roof and a moderate central disk protrusion, leading to moderate to severe compression of the cauda equina...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560222/a-birth-cohort-analysis-to-study-dog-walking-in-adolescence-shows-no-relationship-with-objectively-measured-physical-activity
#8
Carri Westgarth, Andrew R Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity using accelerometers were recorded at age 11-12, 13-14, and 15-16 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (ALSPAC, UK) birth cohort during the 2000s. Family pet ownership was collected retrospectively using a questionnaire at age 18 years, for the ages 7, 11, 13, and 15 years...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540253/craniocervical-junction-abnormalities-with-atlantoaxial-subluxation-caused-by-ventral-subluxation-of-c2-in-a-dog
#9
Harumichi Itoh, Kazuhito Itamoto, Shotaro Eto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Shimpei Nishikawa, Kenji Tani, Yoshiki Itoh, Masato Hiyama, Toshie Iseri, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yasuho Taura
Craniocervical junction abnormalities with atlantoaxial subluxation caused by ventral subluxation of C2 were diagnosed in a 6-month-old female Pomeranian with tetraplegia as a clinical sign. Lateral survey radiography of the neck with flexion revealed atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral subluxation of C2. Computed tomography revealed absence of dens and atlanto-occipital overlapping. Magnetic resonance imaging showed compression of the spinal cord and indentation of caudal cerebellum. The diagnosis was Chiari-like malformation, atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral displacement of C2, atlanto-occipital overlapping, and syringomyelia...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539532/relationship-between-sociability-toward-humans-and-physiological-stress-in-dogs
#10
Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall, healthy 37 dogs (C group=21 and S group=16) were examined. After 5 min of walking, the dog and the owner (or the chief manager) rested freely in the experimental location for 5 min. The behavioral test with 6 categories was conducted to evaluate sociability over 4 min...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489725/dog-ownership-and-dog-walking-the-relationship-with-exercise-depression-and-hopelessness-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#11
Susan L Dunn, Michael Sit, Holli A DeVon, Devynn Makidon, Nathan L Tintle
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with increased physical activity in the general adult population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine dog ownership and dog walking and their relationship with home-based and phase II cardiac rehabilitation exercise, depression, and hopelessness in patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: A total of 122 patients with ischemic heart disease were included in this prospective observational study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462632/the-relationship-between-trans-lesional-conduction-motor-neuron-pool-excitability-and-motor-function-in-dogs-with-incomplete-recovery-from-severe-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Melissa J Lewis, James F Howard, Natasha J Olby
Spontaneous, acute, complete thoracolumbar spinal cord injury (TL-SCI) in dogs frequently results in permanent deficits modeling chronic paralysis in people. Recovery of walking without recovery of sensation has been interpreted in dogs as reflexive spinal walking. To evaluate this assumption, this study characterized the electrophysiological status of motor and sensory long tracts and local reflex circuitry in dogs with absent recovery of sensation after acute TL-SCI and correlated findings to gait scores...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460797/one-health-solutions-to-obesity-in-people-and-their-pets
#13
REVIEW
J Bartges, R F Kushner, K E Michel, R Sallis, M J Day
Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem. One key strategy involves effective communication between human and veterinary healthcare professionals with patients and clients about obesity. In human healthcare, the focus of communication should be on physical activity as part of overall health and wellbeing, rather than assessment of the body mass index; clinical examination of patients should record levels of physical activity as a key 'vital sign' as part of their assessment...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426425/the-role-of-domestic-dogs-in-the-transmission-of-zoonotic-helminthes-in-a-rural-area-of-mekong-river-basin
#14
Marcello Otake Sato, Megumi Sato, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Surapol Sanguankiat, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Wanna Maipanich, Yuichi Chigusa, Kazuhiko Moji, Jitra Waikagul
Dogs have been bred since ancient times for companionship, hunting, protection, shepherding and other human activities. Some canine helminth parasites can cause significant clinical diseases in humans as Opisthorchis viverrini causing cholangiocarcinoma in Southeast Asian Countries. In this study, socio-cultural questionnaire, canine parasitological analysis, necropsy, parasite molecular confirmation and dog roaming data were evaluated in Savannakhet, Lao-PDR, a typical Mekong Basin area. Dog owners comprised 48...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421927/walking-forward-looking-back-lantham-dinah-walking-forward-looking-back-160pp-%C3%A2-8-99-trobador-books-9781784620844-178462084x-formula-see-text
#15
(no author information available yet)
The author of Walking Forward, Looking Back is a retired district nurse and midwife and this book is a heartwarming reflection on her life told as she recalls past events while out walking her dog.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420977/development-and-training-of-a-neural-controller-for-hind-leg-walking-in-a-dog-robot
#16
Alexander Hunt, Nicholas Szczecinski, Roger Quinn
Animals dynamically adapt to varying terrain and small perturbations with remarkable ease. These adaptations arise from complex interactions between the environment and biomechanical and neural components of the animal's body and nervous system. Research into mammalian locomotion has resulted in several neural and neuro-mechanical models, some of which have been tested in simulation, but few "synthetic nervous systems" have been implemented in physical hardware models of animal systems. One reason is that the implementation into a physical system is not straightforward...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397005/sneaking-a-peek-pigeons-use-peripheral-vision-not-mirrors-to-find-hidden-food
#17
Emre Ünver, Alexis Garland, Sepideh Tabrik, Onur Güntürkün
A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons-a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test...
July 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393604/a-selective-morpho-phonological-deficit
#18
Victoria P Shuster, Michele Miozzo
We report on an English-speaking, aphasic individual (TB) who showed a striking dissociation in speaking with the different forms (allomorphs) that an inflection can take. Although very accurate in producing the consonantal inflections (-/s/, -/z/, -/d/, -/t/), TB consistently omitted syllabic inflections (-/əz/, -/əd/), therefore correctly saying "dogs" or "walked," but "bench" for benches or "skate" for skated. Results from control tests ruled out that TB's selective difficulties stemmed from problems in selecting the correct inflection for the syntactic context or problems related to phonological or articulatory mechanisms...
April 9, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380532/effects-of-a-simulated-wolf-encounter-on-brain-and-blood-biomarkers-of-stress-related-psychological-disorders-in-beef-cows-with-or-without-previous-exposure-to-wolves
#19
R F Cooke, L R Mehrkam, R S Marques, K D Lippolis, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared mRNA expression of brain-blood biomarkers associated with stress-related psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in beef cows from wolf-naïve and wolf-experienced origins that were subjected to a simulated wolf encounter. Multiparous, non-pregnant, non-lactating Angus-crossbred cows from the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center (Burns, OR; CON; = 10) and from a commercial operation near Council, ID (WLF; = 10) were used. To date, gray wolves are not present around Burns, OR, and thus CON were naïve to wolves...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366777/sustained-attention-to-the-owner-is-enhanced-in-dogs-trained-for-animal-assisted-interventions
#20
Paolo Mongillo, Elisa Pitteri, Lieta Marinelli
Adaptation in human societies requires dogs to pay attention to socially relevant human beings, in contexts that may greatly vary in social complexity. In turn, such selective attention may depend on the dog's training and involvement in specific activities. Therefore, we recruited untrained pet dogs (N=32), dogs trained for agility (N=32) and for animal assisted interventions (N=32) to investigate differences in attention to the owner in relation to the dogs' training/working experience. Average gaze length and frequency of gaze shifting towards the owner were measured in a 'baseline attention test', where dogs were exposed to the owner walking in and out of the experimental room and in a 'selective attention test', where the owner's movements were mirrored by an unfamiliar figurant...
March 31, 2017: Behavioural Processes
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