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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886411/dog-ownership-and-physical-activity-among-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#1
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with higher rates of physical activity (PA) in several populations but no study to date has focused on cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between dog ownership and PA among cancer survivors; and to examine correlates of dog ownership. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 2062 breast (BCS), prostate (PCS), and colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) was mailed a questionnaire assessing PA, social-cognitive, dog ownership, demographic, and medical variables...
November 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884141/normal-patellofemoral-kinematic-patterns-during-daily-activities-in-dogs
#2
Erica J Moore, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Antonio Pozzi, Jason D Coggeshall, Stephen C Jones
BACKGROUND: Patellar abnormalities are a common cause of pain and lameness in dogs; however, in vivo the relative motion between the femur and patella in dogs is not well described. The objective of this study was to define normal in vivo sagittal plane patellofemoral kinematics in three axes of motion using non-invasive methods. We hypothesized patellofemoral alignment in the sagittal plane would tightly correlate with the femorotibial flexion angle. Six healthy dogs without orthopedic disease underwent computed tomography (CT) of their hind limbs to create 3-D models of the patella and femur...
November 25, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872726/reconstruction-of-long-digital-extensor-tendon-by-cranial-tibial-muscle-fascia-graft-in-a-dog
#3
Behrokh Marzban Abbasabadi, Aliakbar Ahmadzadeh, Shahab Ramezanpour, Amir Reza Hajati Ziabari
Tendon rupture in dogs is generally the result of a direct trauma. This report described the use of adjacent muscle autogenic fascial graft for reconstruction of distal rupture of long digital extensor tendon in a dog. A two-year-old male mix breed dog, was presented with a non-weight bearing lameness of the right hind limb and a deep rupture of lateral side of right tarsus. History taking revealed that this rupture appeared without any apparent cause, when walking around the farm, three days before. Radiography was done and no fracture was observed...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852251/understanding-action-control-of-daily-walking-behavior-among-dog-owners-a-community-survey
#4
Ryan E Rhodes, Clarise Lim
BACKGROUND: Walking among dog owners may be a means to achieve health benefits, yet almost half of owners (approximately 30% of households) are not regularly walking their dogs. Current research on the correlates of dog walking has generally considered intention as the primary determinant of behavior, yet the intention-behavior relationship is modest. The purpose of this paper was to apply a framework designed to evaluate the intention-behavior gap, known as multi-process action control (M-PAC), to understand daily walking among dog owners...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#5
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818009/use-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-to-characterize-golden-retriever-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Austin R Acosta, Emiko Van Wie, William B Stoughton, Amanda K Bettis, Heather H Barnett, Nicholas R LaBrie, Cynthia J Balog-Alvarez, Peter P Nghiem, Kevin J Cummings, Joe N Kornegay
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder in which loss of the dystrophin protein causes progressive skeletal/cardiac muscle degeneration and death within the third decade. For clinical trials and supportive animal studies, DMD disease progression and response to treatment must be established using outcome parameters (biomarkers). The 6-minute walk test (6MWT), defined as the distance an individual can walk in 6 minutes, is commonly used in DMD clinical trials and has been employed in dogs to characterize cardiac and respiratory disease severity...
October 3, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796564/parasites-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-client-owned-dogs-in-albania-infestation-with-arthropod-ectoparasites
#7
Enstela Shukullari, Dhimitër Rapti, Martin Visser, Kurt Pfister, Steffen Rehbein
To establish the diversity and seasonality of ectoparasite infestation in client-owned dogs in Albania, 602 dogs visiting four small animal clinics in Tirana from March 2010 to April 2011 inclusive were examined for ectoparasites by full body search and total body comb. In addition, ear swab specimens collected from all dogs and scrapings taken from skin lesions suspicious of mite infestation were examined for parasitic mites. Overall, 93 dogs (15.4 %, 95%CI 12.6-18.6) were demonstrated to be infested, and nine species of ectoparasites were identified: Ixodes ricinus, 0...
October 29, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793067/the-association-between-dog-ownership-or-dog-walking-and-fitness-or-weight-status-in-childhood
#8
C Westgarth, L M Boddy, G Stratton, A J German, R M Gaskell, K P Coyne, P Bundred, S McCune, S Dawson
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of dog walking are established in adults: dog owners are on average more physically active, and those walking their dogs regularly have lower weight status than those who do not. However, there has been little research on children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between dog ownership or dog walking and childhood fitness or weight status. METHODS: A survey of pet ownership and involvement in dog walking was combined with fitness and weight status measurements of 1021 9 to 10-year-old children in the Liverpool SportsLinx study...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779922/intervention-mapping-to-develop-a-print-resource-for-dog-walking-promotion-in-canada
#9
Julia Campbell, John J M Dwyer, Jason B Coe
Promoting dog walking among dog owners is consistent with One Health, which focuses on the mutual health benefits of the human-animal relationship for people and animals. In this study, we used intervention mapping (a framework to develop programs and resources for health promotion) to develop a clearer understanding of the determinants of dog walking to develop curricular and educational resources for promoting regular dog walking among dog owners. Twenty-six adult dog owners in Ontario participated in a semi-structured interview about dog walking in 2014...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778019/multiple-thoracolumbar-partial-lateral-corpectomies-in-17-dogs
#10
Thomas Flegel, Maria Münch, Karina Held, Florian Salger, Luisa Ziegler, Peter Böttcher
OBJECTIVE: To report feasibility and outcome of multiple thoracolumbar partial lateral corpectomies (TLPLCs) in dogs with predominantly ventral spinal cord compression caused by intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) in the light of reported decreased spinal stability following single TLPLC. Material und methods: In a retrospective study the records of dogs treated by multiple TLPLCs for ventral spinal cord compression caused by Hansen type I or type II IVDD were reviewed. Presurgical spinal cord compression and postsurgical decompression, as well as slot dimensions were determined based on computed tomography (CT)-myelography images...
October 25, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763838/supportive-neighbourhood-built-characteristics-and-dog-walking-in-canadian-adults
#11
Gavin R McCormack, Taryn M Graham, Hayley Christian, Ann M Toohey, Melanie J Rock
OBJECTIVES: Our study objectives were to: 1) estimate differences in perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment among non-dog-owners, owners who walk their dogs (dog-walkers) and owners who do not walk their dogs (non-dog-walkers), and 2) estimate associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment and dog-walking frequency. METHOD: A random cross-section of Calgary adults completed telephone interviews during August-October 2007 (n = 2,199, response rate = 33...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716389/recurrent-patent-infections-with-toxocara-canis-in-household-dogs-older-than-six-months-a-prospective-study
#12
Rolf Nijsse, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Jaap A Wagenaar, Harm W Ploeger
BACKGROUND: To reduce environmental contamination with Toxocara canis eggs, the current general advice is to deworm all dogs older than six months on average four times a year. However, only a small proportion of non-juvenile household dogs actually shed T. canis eggs, and some dogs shed eggs more frequently than others. The identification of these frequent shedders and the associated risk factors is an important cornerstone for constructing evidence-based deworming regimens. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors associated with recurrence of periods of shedding Toxocara eggs in a cohort of household dogs older than six months...
October 4, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711967/augmented-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-the-flexor-digitorum-lateralis-tendon-in-a-toy-poodle
#13
Masaaki Katayama
OBJECTIVE: To report appositional augmentation of Achilles tendon rupture in a toy breed dog with an intact flexor digitorum lateralis (FDL) muscle tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: Two-year-old spayed female Toy Poodle with Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: The Achilles tendon was accidentally ruptured by hair clippers during grooming. The dog demonstrated a plantigrade stance without digital flexion of the right hind limb...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682506/clinical-characteristics-of-canine-fibrocartilaginous-embolic-myelopathy-fce-a-systematic-review-of-393-cases-1973-2013
#14
K A Bartholomew, K E Stover, N J Olby, S A Moore
Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCE) is common in dogs; however, there is conflicting information in the veterinary literature regarding clinical characteristics and data on recovery in severe cases is sparse. A systematic review of canine FCE was performed to delineate the natural history of this disease. 322 previously reported cases and 71 previously unreported cases were identified for inclusion. Source publications were identified via PubMed central search and by references from review articles...
September 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682237/understanding-how-dogs-encourage-and-motivate-walking-cross-sectional-findings-from-reside
#15
C Westgarth, M Knuiman, H E Christian
BACKGROUND: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call 'the Lassie effect'. METHODS: Data was collected from 629 dog owners participating in the RESIDE cross-sectional survey in Perth, Western Australia. Multivariable logistic regression analyses of factors associated with two separate outcome survey items 'Dog encouragement to walk' (how often dog encouraged me to go walking in last month) and 'Dog motivation to walk' (Having a dog makes me walk more)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658384/the-association-between-dog-walking-physical-activity-and-owner-s-perceptions-of-safety-cross-sectional-evidence-from-the-us-and-australia
#16
Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra McCune
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. METHODS: Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site...
September 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631172/computational-design-and-fabrication-of-a-novel-bioresorbable-cage-for-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-application
#17
Miguel Castilho, Jorge Rodrigues, Elke Vorndran, Uwe Gbureck, Carlos Quental, João Folgado, Paulo R Fernandes
Tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) is a promising method for the treatment of cruciate ligament rupture in dogs that usually implies the implantation of a titanium cage as bone implant. This cage is non-biodegradable and fails in providing adequate implant-bone tissue integration. The objective of this work is to propose a new process chain for designing and manufacturing an alternative biodegradable cage that can fulfill specific patient requirements. A three-dimensional finite element model (3D FEM) of the TTA system was first created to evaluate the mechanical environment at cage domain during different stages of the dog walk...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522838/-luxatio-erecta-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Ville Bister, Henrik Sandelin, Tuomas Lähdeoja
Luxatio erecta, inferior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint, is a rare type of injury (1% of shoulder dislocations). In most cases the injury is caused by falling while the upper extremity is hyperabducted. We introduce two cases of consecutive patients with the same rare type of injury--walking the dog. According to the literature, the most frequently used method for the reduction of inferior shoulder dislocation is tractioncountertraction under sedation. If the patient has no other reason to be under general anesthesia or sedation, we recommend, however, administration of local anesthetics and using a less traumatic two-step manoeuvre to reduce inferior shoulder dislocation--luxatio erecta...
2016: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404640/does-dog-walking-predict-physical-activity-participation-results-from-a-national-survey
#19
Elizabeth A Richards
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to: (1) identify characteristics associated with dog owners who walk their dog, (2) describe the frequency and duration of walking the dog, and (3) determine whether dog owners who walk their dog participate in more physical activity than dog owners who do not walk their dog and non-dog owners. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. SETTING: The study setting was nationwide. SUBJECTS: Adults (n = 4010) participating in the 2005 ConsumerStyles mail-panel survey were the study subjects...
May 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398949/surgical-technique-and-initial-clinical-experience-with-a-novel-extracapsular-articulating-implant-for-treatment-of-the-canine-cruciate-ligament-deficient-stifle-joint
#20
Veronica J Barkowski, Neil A Embleton
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique, clinical efficacy, and complications using the Simitri Stable in Stride(®) extracapsular articulating implant (EAI) to treat naturally occurring stifle instability due to cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with CrCL-deficient stifles (n=60 dogs; 66 stifles). METHODS: An EAI was applied to the medial aspect of the distal femur and proximal tibia after stifle exploration and treatment of joint pathology...
August 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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