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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727895/in-vivo-axial-humero-ulnar-rotation-in-normal-and-dysplastic-canine-elbow-joints
#1
Thomas Rohwedder, Martin Fischer, Peter Böttcher
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare relative axial (internal-external) humero-ulnar rotation in normal and dysplastic canine elbow joints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six normal elbows (five dogs) and seven joints (six dogs) with coronoid disease were examined. After implantation of 0.8 mm tantalum beads into humerus and ulna, biplanar x-ray movies of the implanted elbows were taken while dogs were walking on a treadmill. Based on the 2D bead coordinates of the synchronized x-ray movies virtual 3D humero-ulnar animations were calculated...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716596/assessment-of-static-posturography-and-pedobarography-for-the-detection-of-unilateral-forelimb-lameness-in-ponies
#2
Lidia Pitti, Maarten Oosterlinck, Maria L Díaz-Bertrana, José M Carrillo, Mónica Rubio, Joaquin Sopena, Angelo Santana, José M Vilar
BACKGROUND: Static posturography and pedobarography are based on the detection of postural imbalance and, consequently, the pressure redistribution between limbs in lame subjects. These techniques have proven to be useful for the detection of lameness in humans and dogs. The main objective of this study was to test the suitability of static posturography and pedobarography in diagnosing lameness in ponies. A pressure platform was used to obtain postural data (statokinesiograms, mean X and Y, length, LFS ratio, and mean velocity) from 10 sound ponies and 7 ponies with unilateral forelimb lameness...
May 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680380/a-single-hydrotherapy-session-increases-range-of-motion-and-stride-length-in-labrador-retrievers-diagnosed-with-elbow-dysplasia
#3
T Preston, A P Wills
Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n=6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n=6)...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670039/a-wearable-body-controlling-device-for-application-of-functional-electrical-stimulation
#4
Nazita Taghavi, Greg R Luecke, Nicholas D Jeffery
In this research, we describe a new balancing device used to stabilize the rear quarters of a patient dog with spinal cord injuries. Our approach uses inertial measurement sensing and direct leg actuation to lay a foundation for eventual muscle control by means of direct functional electrical stimulation (FES). During this phase of development, we designed and built a mechanical test-bed to develop the control and stimulation algorithms before we use the device on our animal subjects. We designed the bionic test-bed to mimic the typical walking gait of a dog and use it to develop and test the functionality of the balancing device for stabilization of patient dogs with hindquarter paralysis...
April 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644304/trans-triquetral-perilunate-fracture-dislocation
#5
John-Henry Rhind, Abhinav Gulihar, Andrew Smith
Perilunate dislocations and perilunate fracture dislocations are rare and serious injuries. Perilunate dislocations represent less than 10% of all carpal injuries of which 61% represent transcaphoid fractures. Because of their rarity, up to 25% of perilunate dislocations are initially missed on first assessment. We present the case of a 66-year-old-gentleman who sustained an isolated trans-triquetral perilunate fracture dislocation while walking his dog. This was diagnosed in the emergency department and he underwent open reduction internal fixation after failed attempts at closed reduction in the ED and in theatre under general anaesthesia...
April 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624803/towards-co-designing-active-ageing-strategies-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-meaningful-physical-activity-typology-for-later-life
#6
Cornelia Guell, Jenna Panter, Simon Griffin, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity levels decline in later life despite the known benefits for physical, cognitive and mental health. Older people find it difficult to meet activity targets; therefore, more realistic and meaningful strategies are needed. We aimed to develop a typology of older people's motivations and lifelong habits of being active as a starting point to co-designing active ageing strategies in a workshop. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 27 participants aged 65-80 in Norfolk, UK, and participant observation with 17 of them...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618335/dog-ownership-dog-walking-and-leisure-time-walking-among-taiwanese-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-older-adults
#7
Yung Liao, Pin-Hsuan Huang, Yi-Ling Chen, Ming-Chun Hsueh, Shao-Hsi Chang
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence of dog ownership and dog walking and its association with leisure-time walking among metropolitan and nonmetropolitan older adults. METHODS: A telephone-based cross-sectional survey targeting Taiwanese older adults was conducted in November 2016. Data related to dog ownership, time spent dog walking (categorized as non-dog owner, non-dog walkers, and dog walkers), and sociodemographic variables were obtained from 1074 older adults...
April 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606618/preventing-tick-attachment-to-dogs-using-essential-oils
#8
Penelope Goode, Lauren Ellse, Richard Wall
Preventing tick bites using repellents could make a valuable contribution to an integrated tick management programme for dogs. Here, the ability of a range of essential oils or active ingredients of commercially available repellents, to abolish the orientation and taxis of the tick Ixodes ricinus towards sebum extracted from dog hair was examined in laboratory bioassays. Substantial differences between oils were observed, but turmeric oil was both able to prevent a climbing response by ticks and had a longer residual activity than other oils...
March 27, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575185/identification-of-vim-2-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-dogs-with-pyoderma-and-otitis-in-korea
#9
Jae-Eun Hyun, Tae-Ho Chung, Cheol-Yong Hwang
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a challenging pathogen cultured from cases of acute and chronic canine otitis and sometimes in cases of deep pyoderma. The spread of antimicrobial resistance, especially carbapenem resistance, is a serious therapeutic challenge worldwide. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the identification and characterization of resistant P. aeruginosa clinical canine isolates. MATERIALS: Clinical isolates (n = 80) were collected from dogs with pyoderma (n = 18) and otitis (n = 62) in Korea...
March 25, 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558919/a-step-in-the-right-direction-an-open-design-pedometer-algorithm-for-dogs
#10
C Ladha, Z Belshaw, J O'Sullivan, L Asher
BACKGROUND: Accelerometer-based technologies could be useful in providing objective measures of canine ambulation, but most are either not tailored to the idiosyncrasies of canine gait, or, use un-validated or closed source approaches. The aim of this paper was to validate algorithms which could be applied to accelerometer data for i) counting the number of steps and ii) distance travelled by a dog. To count steps, an approach based on partitioning acceleration was used. This was applied to accelerometer data from 13 dogs which were walked a set distance and filmed...
March 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558214/preliminary-assessment-of-a-novel-14-day-electrocardiographic-adhesive-patch-monitor-in-dogs
#11
Jonathan Lichtenberger, Kathryn M Meurs, Etienne Côté
Cardiac arrhythmias often are transient and might not be detected using conventional electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques. The adhesive patch monitor (APM) is a single-lead, lightweight, up to 14-day continuous ambulatory ECG monitor. This study aimed to prospectively assess its usability in four boxer dogs considered either to be healthy or to have arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Optimal recording was obtained by placing the APM on the left side of the animal's thorax, at the fifth intercostal space, slightly dorsal to the costochondral junction, and oriented either vertically or parallel to the long axis of the heart...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534731/adaptation-and-post-adaptation-effects-of-haptic-forces-on-locomotion-in-healthy-young-adults
#12
Gianluca U Sorrento, Philippe S Archambault, Joyce Fung
BACKGROUND: Developing rehabilitation strategies to improve functional walking and postural control in patients is a priority for rehabilitation clinicians and researchers alike. One possible strategy is the use of sensory modalities to elicit adaptive locomotor gait patterns. This study aimed to explore to what extent haptic inputs, in the form of forward-leading tensile forces delivered to the hand, compared to no force, may lead to adaptation and post-adaptation effects on gait parameters, during and after the haptic exposure, respectively...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530093/femorotibial-kinematics-in-dogs-with-cranial-cruciate-ligament-insufficiency-a-three-dimensional-in-vivo-fluoroscopic-analysis-during-walking
#13
Selena Tinga, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Stephen C Jones, Brian H Park, Antonio Pozzi, Daniel D Lewis
BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency is a degenerative condition that is a common cause of pelvic limb lameness and osteoarthritis in dogs. Surgical therapies developed to treat dogs with naturally occurring CrCL insufficiency aim to address the resultant instability, but the in-vivo alterations in stifle kinematics associated with CrCL insufficiency have not been accurately defined. The objective of this study was to quantify the 3-dimensional femorotibial joint kinematics of dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency during ambulation...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391696/studies-on-reconstruction-of-large-skin-defects-following-mammary-tumor-excision-in-dogs
#14
Sabarish Babu Malli Sadhasivan, Mohamed Shafiuzama, Mala Shammi, Ganne Venkata Sudhakar Rao, Nitin J D Souza, Hemalatha Senthilnayagam, Ravi Sundar George, P Manoj Prabhakar
Aim: The main objective of the study was to describe the use of skin fold advancement flaps (SFAFs) and other reconstructive techniques for closure of large skin defects following mammary tumor excision in dogs. Materials and Methods: Twelve dogs underwent reconstruction of large ventral skin defects following mammary tumor excision with wide margins. Skin fold flaps (flank fold flap and elbow fold flap) were elevated from the flank and elbow region, respectively, and transposed and sutured onto the large ventral skin defect following mastectomy in all the dogs...
December 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332229/sociability-modifies-dogs-sensitivity-to-biological-motion-of-different-social-relevance
#15
Yuko Ishikawa, Daniel Mills, Alexander Willmott, David Mullineaux, Kun Guo
Preferential attention to living creatures is believed to be an intrinsic capacity of the visual system of several species, with perception of biological motion often studied and, in humans, it correlates with social cognitive performance. Although domestic dogs are exceptionally attentive to human social cues, it is unknown whether their sociability is associated with sensitivity to conspecific and heterospecific biological motion cues of different social relevance. We recorded video clips of point-light displays depicting a human or dog walking in either frontal or lateral view...
March 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302100/dietary-imbalances-in-a-large-breed-puppy-leading-to-compression-fractures-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-suspected-nutritional-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#16
Moran Tal, Jacqueline M Parr, Shawn MacKenzie, Adronie Verbrugghe
A 6-month-old intact female giant schnauzer dog fed a nutritionally unbalanced homemade diet was evaluated because of a 1-month history of lameness and difficulty walking. Abnormalities identified on ancillary tests, in conjunction with the dog's clinical improvement following diet change, suggested a diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency and nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. This report underlines the importance of appropriate feeding management, especially during the vulnerable growth phase.
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237607/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-biomarkers-of-ageing-population-based-cohort-study
#17
G David Batty, Paola Zaninotto, Richard G Watt, Steven Bell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214623/core-temperature-responses-of-military-working-dogs-during-training-activities-and-exercise-walks
#18
Catherine O'Brien, Anthony J Karis, William J Tharion, Heather M Sullivan, Reed W Hoyt
Heat strain is common in military working dogs (MWDs), but can be mitigated by limiting duration of activity to avoid overheating and allowing sufficient time for recovery. To determine work/rest times for MWDs, temperature responses during training must be characterized. This study measured body core temperature of 48 MWDs at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX. Twenty-four MWDs in training for patrol and detection activities participated under a range of ambient temperatures in August (27°C-32°C), October (22°C-26°C) and March (approximately 13°C)...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202507/effect-of-limb-position-at-the-time-of-skin-marker-application-on-sagittal-plane-kinematics-of-the-dog
#19
Sun-Young Kim, Bryan T Torres, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
Objectives  To evaluate the effect of limb position during initial skin marker application on sagittal plane kinematics of the hindlimb. Methods  Six healthy dogs (20-30 kg) were evaluated. An established two-dimensional kinematic model of the pelvic limb was utilized to describe sagittal plane motion. Kinematic markers were applied separately for each dog while standing in three different positions: (1) the limb extended cranially, (2) a normal standing limb position and (3) the limb extended caudally...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186154/external-validation-of-a-collar-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-for-second-by-second-monitoring-of-eight-behavioural-states-in-dogs
#20
Ingrid den Uijl, Constanza B Gómez Álvarez, David Bartram, Yoni Dror, Robert Holland, Alasdair Cook
Early detection of disease by an animal owner may motivate them to seek early veterinary advice. Presentation before a more advanced clinical manifestation is evident could lead to more effective treatment and thus benefit the animal's health and welfare. Accelerometers are able to detect changes in specific activities or behaviours, thus indicating early signs of possible adverse health events. The objective of this validation study was to determine whether the detection of eight behavioural states: walk, trot, canter/gallop, sleep, static/inactive, eat, drink, and headshake, by an accelerometer device was sufficiently accurate to be useful in a clinical setting...
2017: PloS One
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