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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208707/gaitkeeper-a-system-for-measuring-canine-gait
#1
Cassim Ladha, Jack O'Sullivan, Zoe Belshaw, Lucy Asher
It is understood gait has the potential to be used as a window into neurodegenerative disorders, identify markers of subclinical pathology, inform diagnostic algorithms of disease progression and measure the efficacy of interventions. Dogs' gaits are frequently assessed in a veterinary setting to detect signs of lameness. Despite this, a reliable, affordable and objective method to assess lameness in dogs is lacking. Most described canine lameness assessments are subjective, unvalidated and at high risk of bias...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198549/pelvic-limb-kinematics-in-the-dog-with-and-without-a-stifle-orthosis
#2
Bryan T Torres, Yang-Chieh Fu, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
OBJECTIVE: To report a method of evaluating 3-dimensional joint motion in dogs with a stifle orthosis. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Six healthy dogs. METHODS: Three-dimensional pelvic limb joint motion was recorded with and without a stifle orthosis. Kinematic data were collected from dogs at a walk and trot for the hip, stifle, and tarsus prior to, and after application of, a stifle orthosis. Data were also obtained for the orthosis alone...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093105/comparison-of-submaximal-exercise-test-results-and-severity-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-english-bulldogs
#3
Liisa Lilja-Maula, Anu K Lappalainen, Heli K Hyytiäinen, Erja Kuusela, Mirja Kaimio, Kirsti Schildt, Sari Mölsä, Mikael Morelius, Minna M Rajamäki
Canine brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is a complex respiratory disease related to congenitally flattened facial and skull anatomy. BOAS causes respiratory distress, heat and exercise intolerance, and gastrointestinal signs. English bulldogs (EB) have a high prevalence of BOAS. Currently, the severity of BOAS signs in veterinary practice is assessed subjectively. To reduce BOAS in brachycephalic breeds, an objective and easy-to-use tool could help breeders select healthier animals. Exercise tests, such as the 6 min walk test (distance walked measured) or the 1000 m walk test (duration measured), could be used to assess the severity of BOAS, as exercise intolerance and impaired recovery are key features of BOAS...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034941/yonder-kidney-transplant-supraventricular-tachycardia-contraception-and-dog-walking
#4
Ahmed Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034594/awareness-of-tick-borne-disease-and-compliance-with-using-tick-preventive-products-of-dog-owners-in-hong-kong
#5
Maureen V Boost, Choi-Yin Tung, Claudia Hoi-Ki Ip, July Fung-Oi Man, Toni Wing-Tung Hui, Candy Fung-Yee Leung, Maggie Yuen-Wa Mak, Queeny Yuen, Margaret M O'Donoghue
Tick-borne disease in dogs is common in South-east Asia and includes babesiosis and ehrlichiosis. These diseases can be largely prevented by compliant use of tick preventive products. This study investigated knowledge of ticks and tick-borne disease and use of tick preventive agents by a large sample of dog owners in Hong Kong. A total of 492 valid questionnaires were completed by owners attending veterinary practices, approached by researchers at common dog-walking areas, or targeted via local social media sites for pet owners...
December 21, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031036/kinematic-and-spatiotemporal-assessment-of-habituation-to-treadmill-walking-in-labrador-retrievers
#6
Pia Gustås, Kjerstin Pettersson, Sofia Honkavaara, Anne-Sofie Lagerstedt, Anna Byström
BACKGROUND: This study investigated differences in kinematic and spatiotemporal variables in Labrador retrievers during introduction to treadmill walking, with the aim to determine the time required for them to become habituated. Twenty-five healthy, treadmill-naive Labrador retrievers participated in the study. The total angular displacement of the carpus, elbow, tarsus and stifle, as well as stride time and stance duration were calculated from the 3-D tracking of skin mounted reflective markers recorded with 6 infrared light emitting video cameras at 240 Hz...
December 28, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018960/neighbourhood-greenspace-is-associated-with-a-slower-decline-in-physical-activity-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Alice M Dalton, Nick Wareham, Simon Griffin, Andrew P Jones
Maintaining physical activity in later life is important for maintaining health and function. Activity outdoors, such as walking, jogging and cycling, may provide an accessible, sociable and practical solution, but maintaining outdoor mobility may be a challenge in later life. Providing green environments which are supportive of physical activity may facilitate this, yet research into how greenspace could be best used is inconclusive. This study evaluates the role of greenspace in protecting against decline in physical activity over time in older adults...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933300/head-tilting-elicited-by-head-turning-in-three-dogs-with-hypoplastic-cerebellar-nodulus-and-ventral-uvula
#8
Shinji Tamura, Yuya Nakamoto, Takashi Uemura, Yumiko Tamura
The nodulus and ventral uvula (NU) of the cerebellum play a major role in vestibular function in humans and experimental animals; however, there is almost no information about NU function in the veterinary clinical literature. In this report, we describe three canine cases diagnosed with presumptive NU hypoplasia. Of them, one adult dog presented with cervical intervertebral disk disease, and two juvenile dogs presented with signs of central vestibular disease. Interestingly, an unusual and possibly overlooked neurological sign that we called "positioning head tilt" was observed in these dogs...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886411/dog-ownership-and-physical-activity-among-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#9
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with higher rates of physical activity (PA) in several populations but no study to date has focused on cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between dog ownership and PA among cancer survivors; and to examine correlates of dog ownership. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 2062 breast (BCS), prostate (PCS), and colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) was mailed a questionnaire assessing PA, social-cognitive, dog ownership, demographic, and medical variables...
November 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884141/normal-patellofemoral-kinematic-patterns-during-daily-activities-in-dogs
#10
Erica J Moore, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Antonio Pozzi, Jason D Coggeshall, Stephen C Jones
BACKGROUND: Patellar abnormalities are a common cause of pain and lameness in dogs; however, in vivo the relative motion between the femur and patella in dogs is not well described. The objective of this study was to define normal in vivo sagittal plane patellofemoral kinematics in three axes of motion using non-invasive methods. We hypothesized patellofemoral alignment in the sagittal plane would tightly correlate with the femorotibial flexion angle. Six healthy dogs without orthopedic disease underwent computed tomography (CT) of their hind limbs to create 3-D models of the patella and femur...
November 25, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872726/reconstruction-of-long-digital-extensor-tendon-by-cranial-tibial-muscle-fascia-graft-in-a-dog
#11
Behrokh Marzban Abbasabadi, Aliakbar Ahmadzadeh, Shahab Ramezanpour, Amir Reza Hajati Ziabari
Tendon rupture in dogs is generally the result of a direct trauma. This report described the use of adjacent muscle autogenic fascial graft for reconstruction of distal rupture of long digital extensor tendon in a dog. A two-year-old male mix breed dog, was presented with a non-weight bearing lameness of the right hind limb and a deep rupture of lateral side of right tarsus. History taking revealed that this rupture appeared without any apparent cause, when walking around the farm, three days before. Radiography was done and no fracture was observed...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852251/understanding-action-control-of-daily-walking-behavior-among-dog-owners-a-community-survey
#12
Ryan E Rhodes, Clarise Lim
BACKGROUND: Walking among dog owners may be a means to achieve health benefits, yet almost half of owners (approximately 30% of households) are not regularly walking their dogs. Current research on the correlates of dog walking has generally considered intention as the primary determinant of behavior, yet the intention-behavior relationship is modest. The purpose of this paper was to apply a framework designed to evaluate the intention-behavior gap, known as multi-process action control (M-PAC), to understand daily walking among dog owners...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#13
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818009/use-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-to-characterize-golden-retriever-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Austin R Acosta, Emiko Van Wie, William B Stoughton, Amanda K Bettis, Heather H Barnett, Nicholas R LaBrie, Cynthia J Balog-Alvarez, Peter P Nghiem, Kevin J Cummings, Joe N Kornegay
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder in which loss of the dystrophin protein causes progressive skeletal/cardiac muscle degeneration and death within the third decade. For clinical trials and supportive animal studies, DMD disease progression and response to treatment must be established using outcome parameters (biomarkers). The 6-minute walk test (6MWT), defined as the distance an individual can walk in 6 minutes, is commonly used in DMD clinical trials and has been employed in dogs to characterize cardiac and respiratory disease severity...
December 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796564/parasites-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-client-owned-dogs-in-albania-infestation-with-arthropod-ectoparasites
#15
Enstela Shukullari, Dhimitër Rapti, Martin Visser, Kurt Pfister, Steffen Rehbein
To establish the diversity and seasonality of ectoparasite infestation in client-owned dogs in Albania, 602 dogs visiting four small animal clinics in Tirana from March 2010 to April 2011 inclusive were examined for ectoparasites by full body search and total body comb. In addition, ear swab specimens collected from all dogs and scrapings taken from skin lesions suspicious of mite infestation were examined for parasitic mites. Overall, 93 dogs (15.4 %, 95%CI 12.6-18.6) were demonstrated to be infested, and nine species of ectoparasites were identified: Ixodes ricinus, 0...
January 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793067/the-association-between-dog-ownership-or-dog-walking-and-fitness-or-weight-status-in-childhood
#16
C Westgarth, L M Boddy, G Stratton, A J German, R M Gaskell, K P Coyne, P Bundred, S McCune, S Dawson
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of dog walking are established in adults: dog owners are on average more physically active, and those walking their dogs regularly have lower weight status than those who do not. However, there has been little research on children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between dog ownership or dog walking and childhood fitness or weight status. METHODS: A survey of pet ownership and involvement in dog walking was combined with fitness and weight status measurements of 1021 9 to 10-year-old children in the Liverpool SportsLinx study...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779922/intervention-mapping-to-develop-a-print-resource-for-dog-walking-promotion-in-canada
#17
Julia Campbell, John J M Dwyer, Jason B Coe
Promoting dog walking among dog owners is consistent with One Health, which focuses on the mutual health benefits of the human-animal relationship for people and animals. In this study, we used intervention mapping (a framework to develop programs and resources for health promotion) to develop a clearer understanding of the determinants of dog walking to develop curricular and educational resources for promoting regular dog walking among dog owners. Twenty-six adult dog owners in Ontario participated in a semi-structured interview about dog walking in 2014...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778019/multiple-thoracolumbar-partial-lateral-corpectomies-in-17-dogs
#18
Thomas Flegel, Maria Münch, Karina Held, Florian Salger, Luisa Ziegler, Peter Böttcher
OBJECTIVE: To report feasibility and outcome of multiple thoracolumbar partial lateral corpectomies (TLPLCs) in dogs with predominantly ventral spinal cord compression caused by intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) in the light of reported decreased spinal stability following single TLPLC. Material und methods: In a retrospective study the records of dogs treated by multiple TLPLCs for ventral spinal cord compression caused by Hansen type I or type II IVDD were reviewed. Presurgical spinal cord compression and postsurgical decompression, as well as slot dimensions were determined based on computed tomography (CT)-myelography images...
December 5, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763838/supportive-neighbourhood-built-characteristics-and-dog-walking-in-canadian-adults
#19
Gavin R McCormack, Taryn M Graham, Hayley Christian, Ann M Toohey, Melanie J Rock
OBJECTIVES: Our study objectives were to: 1) estimate differences in perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment among non-dog-owners, owners who walk their dogs (dog-walkers) and owners who do not walk their dogs (non-dog-walkers), and 2) estimate associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment and dog-walking frequency. METHOD: A random cross-section of Calgary adults completed telephone interviews during August-October 2007 (n = 2,199, response rate = 33...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716389/recurrent-patent-infections-with-toxocara-canis-in-household-dogs-older-than-six-months-a-prospective-study
#20
Rolf Nijsse, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Jaap A Wagenaar, Harm W Ploeger
BACKGROUND: To reduce environmental contamination with Toxocara canis eggs, the current general advice is to deworm all dogs older than six months on average four times a year. However, only a small proportion of non-juvenile household dogs actually shed T. canis eggs, and some dogs shed eggs more frequently than others. The identification of these frequent shedders and the associated risk factors is an important cornerstone for constructing evidence-based deworming regimens. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors associated with recurrence of periods of shedding Toxocara eggs in a cohort of household dogs older than six months...
October 4, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
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