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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426425/the-role-of-domestic-dogs-in-the-transmission-of-zoonotic-helminthes-in-a-rural-area-of-mekong-river-basin
#1
Marcello Otake Sato, Megumi Sato, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Surapol Sanguankiat, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Wanna Maipanich, Yuichi Chigusa, Kazuhiko Moji, Jitra Waikagul
Dogs have been bred since ancient times for companionship, hunting, protection, shepherding and other human activities. Some canine helminth parasites can cause significant clinical diseases in humans as Opisthorchis viverrini causing cholangiocarcinoma in Southeast Asian Countries. In this study, socio-cultural questionnaire, canine parasitological analysis, necropsy, parasite molecular confirmation and dog roaming data were evaluated in Savannakhet, Lao-PDR, a typical Mekong Basin area. Dog owners comprised 48...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421927/walking-forward-looking-back-lantham-dinah-walking-forward-looking-back-160pp-%C3%A2-8-99-trobador-books-9781784620844-178462084x-formula-see-text
#2
(no author information available yet)
The author of Walking Forward, Looking Back is a retired district nurse and midwife and this book is a heartwarming reflection on her life told as she recalls past events while out walking her dog.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420977/development-and-training-of-a-neural-controller-for-hind-leg-walking-in-a-dog-robot
#3
Alexander Hunt, Nicholas Szczecinski, Roger Quinn
Animals dynamically adapt to varying terrain and small perturbations with remarkable ease. These adaptations arise from complex interactions between the environment and biomechanical and neural components of the animal's body and nervous system. Research into mammalian locomotion has resulted in several neural and neuro-mechanical models, some of which have been tested in simulation, but few "synthetic nervous systems" have been implemented in physical hardware models of animal systems. One reason is that the implementation into a physical system is not straightforward...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397005/sneaking-a-peek-pigeons-use-peripheral-vision-not-mirrors-to-find-hidden-food
#4
Emre Ünver, Alexis Garland, Sepideh Tabrik, Onur Güntürkün
A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons-a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test...
April 10, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393604/a-selective-morpho-phonological-deficit
#5
Victoria P Shuster, Michele Miozzo
We report on an English-speaking, aphasic individual (TB) who showed a striking dissociation in speaking with the different forms (allomorphs) that an inflection can take. Although very accurate in producing the consonantal inflections (-/s/, -/z/, -/d/, -/t/), TB consistently omitted syllabic inflections (-/əz/, -/əd/), therefore correctly saying "dogs" or "walked," but "bench" for benches or "skate" for skated. Results from control tests ruled out that TB's selective difficulties stemmed from problems in selecting the correct inflection for the syntactic context or problems related to phonological or articulatory mechanisms...
April 9, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380532/effects-of-a-simulated-wolf-encounter-on-brain-and-blood-biomarkers-of-stress-related-psychological-disorders-in-beef-cows-with-or-without-previous-exposure-to-wolves
#6
R F Cooke, L R Mehrkam, R S Marques, K D Lippolis, D W Bohnert
This experiment compared mRNA expression of brain-blood biomarkers associated with stress-related psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in beef cows from wolf-naïve and wolf-experienced origins that were subjected to a simulated wolf encounter. Multiparous, non-pregnant, non-lactating Angus-crossbred cows from the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center (Burns, OR; CON; = 10) and from a commercial operation near Council, ID (WLF; = 10) were used. To date, gray wolves are not present around Burns, OR, and thus CON were naïve to wolves...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366777/sustained-attention-to-the-owner-is-enhanced-in-dogs-trained-for-animal-assisted-interventions
#7
Paolo Mongillo, Elisa Pitteri, Lieta Marinelli
Adaptation in human societies requires dogs to pay attention to socially relevant human beings, in contexts that may greatly vary in social complexity. In turn, such selective attention may depend on the dog's training and involvement in specific activities. Therefore, we recruited untrained pet dogs (N=32), dogs trained for agility (N=32) and for animal assisted interventions (N=32) to investigate differences in attention to the owner in relation to the dogs' training/working experience. Average gaze length and frequency of gaze shifting towards the owner were measured in a 'baseline attention test', where dogs were exposed to the owner walking in and out of the experimental room and in a 'selective attention test', where the owner's movements were mirrored by an unfamiliar figurant...
March 31, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355209/coefficients-of-variation-of-ground-reaction-force-measurement-in-cats
#8
Eva Schnabl-Feichter, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Bockstahler
Gait analysis has been extensively performed in dogs and horses; however, very little is known about feline biomechanics. It was, therefore, the aim of this study to determine the coefficient of variation (CV) among three ground reaction force (GRF) measurements taken for 15 client-owned European shorthaired cats without a training period and a short acclimatisation time. Gait was measured as each cat walked across a pressure-sensitive walkway, and measurements were made three times over a multi-week period (range: 2 to 17 weeks)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345999/variance-associated-with-walking-velocity-during-force-platform-gait-analysis-of-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-clinically-normal-dogs
#9
Alexander M Piazza, Emily E Binversie, Lauren A Baker, Brett Nemke, Susannah J Sample, Peter Muir
OBJECTIVE To determine whether walking at specific ranges of absolute and relative (V*) velocity would aid efficient capture of gait trial data with low ground reaction force (GRF) variance in a heterogeneous sample of dogs. ANIMALS 17 clinically normal dogs of various breeds, ages, and sexes. PROCEDURES Each dog was walked across a force platform at its preferred velocity, with controlled acceleration within 0.5 m/s(2). Ranges in V* were created for height at the highest point of the shoulders (withers; WHV*)...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341107/comparison-of-clinical-effects-of-epidural-levobupivacaine-morphine-versus-bupivacaine-morphine-in-dogs-undergoing-elective-pelvic-limb-surgery
#10
Ilaria Cerasoli, Alexandru Tutunaru, Alessia Cenani, Juan Ramirez, Johann Detilleux, Marc Balligand, Charlotte Sandersen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, in terms of the amount of rescue analgesia required, and the clinical usefulness of epidural injection of morphine with bupivacaine or levobupivacaine for elective pelvic limb surgery in dogs during a 24-hour perioperative period. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 26 dogs weighing 31.7 ± 14.2 (mean ± standard deviation) kg and aged 54 ± 36 months. METHODS: All dogs were premedicated with methadone intravenously (0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331927/bilateral-shoulder-arthrodesis-in-a-pekinese-using-three-dimensional-printed-patient-specific-osteotomy-and-reduction-guides
#11
Bill Oxley
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of computer-aided design software for virtual surgical planning and design of three-dimensional printed patient-specific osteotomy and reduction guides for facilitation of bilateral shoulder arthrodesis in a dog. METHODS: A three-year-old male entire Pekinese was presented unable to walk due to bilateral severe medial shoulder instability. Computed tomographic data was processed to yield three-dimensional mesh representations of the humeri and scapulae which could be manipulated in computer-aided design software...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283074/vertical-force-distribution-in-the-paws-of-sound-labrador-retrievers-during-walking
#12
N Schwarz, A Tichy, C Peham, B Bockstahler
In contrast to gait analysis in humans, where pedobarography is an integral part of biomechanical studies, veterinary researchers have rarely investigated vertical force distribution (VFD) in the paws of dogs. The aim of this study was to investigate the VFD of peak of vertical force (PFz), vertical impulse (IFz) and time of occurrence of PFz during stance phase (TPFz) in 20 sound, adult Labrador retrievers walking normally on a pressure plate. A technique was used that divided the canine paw prints into quadrants...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270140/the-magnitude-of-muscular-activation-of-four-canine-forelimb-muscles-in-dogs-performing-two-agility-specific-tasks
#13
Kimberley L Cullen, James P Dickey, Stephen H M Brown, Stephanie G Nykamp, Leah R Bent, Jeffrey J Thomason, Noël M M Moens
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the muscular activation in four forelimb muscles while dogs performed agility tasks (i.e., jumping and A-frame) and to provide insight into potential relationships between level of muscular activation and risk of injury. Muscle activation in eight healthy, client-owned agility dogs was measured using ultrasound-guided fine-wire electromyography of four specific forelimb muscles: Biceps Brachii, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, and Triceps Brachii - Long Head, while dogs performed a two jump sequence and while dogs ascended and descended an A-frame obstacle at two different competition heights...
March 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264903/longitudinal-quasi-static-stability-predicts-changes-in-dog-gait-on-rough-terrain
#14
Simon Wilshin, Michelle A Reeve, G Clark Haynes, Shai Revzen, Daniel E Koditschek, Andrew J Spence
Legged animals utilize gait selection to move effectively and must re-cover from environmental perturbations. We show that on rough terrain domestic dogs, Canis lupus familiaris, spend more time in longitudinal quasi-statically stable patterns of movement. Here longitudinal refers to the rostro-caudal, axis. We used an existing model in the literature to quantify the longitudinal quasi-static stability of gaits neighbouring the walk, and found that trot-like gaits are more stable. We thus hypothesized that when perturbed, the rate of return to a stable gait would depend on the direction of perturbation, such that perturbations towards less quasi-statically stable patterns of movement would be more rapid than those towards more stable patterns of movement...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263119/surgical-management-of-pivot-shift-phenomenon-in-a-dog
#15
Rebekah C Knight, David G Thomson, Alan Danielski
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6.8-year-old neutered male Labrador Retriever-Poodle mix was evaluated because of continued left pelvic limb lameness unresponsive to conservative management 1 year after undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). CLINICAL FINDINGS A jerking lateral movement of the left stifle joint was detected during walking. Orthopedic examination revealed a pivot-shift phenomenon (PSP). Palpation elicited no signs of discomfort over the TPLO plate or caudomedial aspect of the stifle joint. Radiography revealed complete bone fusion at the osteotomy site and only mild joint effusion...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250201/socio-environmental-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#16
Ane Arbillaga-Etxarri, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Anael Barberan-Garcia, Marta Benet, Eulàlia Borrell, Payam Dadvand, Maria Foraster, Alicia Marín, Mònica Monteagudo, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Pere Vall-Casas, Jordi Vilaró, Judith Garcia-Aymerich
BACKGROUND: Study of the causes of the reduced levels of physical activity in patients with COPD has been scarce and limited to biological factors. AIM: To assess the relationship between novel socio-environmental factors, namely dog walking, grandparenting, neighbourhood deprivation, residential surrounding greenness and residential proximity to green or blue spaces, and amount and intensity of physical activity in COPD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 410 COPD patients from five Catalan municipalities...
March 1, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243185/immediate-effect-of-a-service-dog-on-walking-speed-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-gait-dysfunction-a-pilot-study
#17
Cecilie Fjeldstad, Gabriel Pardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238221/acquisition-of-involuntary-spinal-locomotion-spinal-walking-in-dogs-with-irreversible-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-lesion-81-dogs
#18
A Gallucci, L Dragone, M Menchetti, T Gagliardo, M Pietra, M Cardinali, G Gandini
BACKGROUND: Spinal walking (SW) is described as the acquisition of an involuntary motor function in paraplegic dogs and cats without pain perception affected by a thoracolumbar lesion. Whereas spinal locomotion is well described in cats that underwent training trials after experimental spinal cord resection, less consistent information is available for dogs. HYPOTHESIS: Paraplegic dogs affected by a thoracolumbar complete spinal cord lesion undergoing intensive physical rehabilitation could acquire an autonomous SW gait under field conditions...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237684/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-ropivacaine-on-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#19
Thomas A Trein, Beatriz P Floriano, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Joana Z Ferreira, Guilherme L da Silva, Paulo S P Dos Santos, Sílvia H V Perri, Valéria Nls Oliva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate motor and sensory blockade of combining dexmedetomidine with ropivacaine, administered perineurally or systemically, for femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy Beagle dogs, aged 3.3 ± 0.1 years and weighing 11.0 ± 2.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane on three separate occasions for unilateral femoral and sciatic nerve blocks and were administered the following treatments in random order: perineural ropivacaine 0...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208707/gaitkeeper-a-system-for-measuring-canine-gait
#20
Cassim Ladha, Jack O'Sullivan, Zoe Belshaw, Lucy Asher
It is understood gait has the potential to be used as a window into neurodegenerative disorders, identify markers of subclinical pathology, inform diagnostic algorithms of disease progression and measure the efficacy of interventions. Dogs' gaits are frequently assessed in a veterinary setting to detect signs of lameness. Despite this, a reliable, affordable and objective method to assess lameness in dogs is lacking. Most described canine lameness assessments are subjective, unvalidated and at high risk of bias...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
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