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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#1
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628379/visuomotor-behaviors-and-performance-in-a-dual-task-paradigm-with-and-without-vibrotactile-feedback-when-using-a-myoelectric-controlled-hand
#2
Eitan Raveh, Jason Friedman, Sigal Portnoy
Prosthesis users allocate visual attention to their prosthetic hand while performing activities of daily living (ADLs), due to absence of sensory feedback. Dual-task assignments present competition for visual attention and may affect the performance of ADLs. Vibrotactile feedback (VTF) is a frequently-used method to provide prosthesis users with tactile feedback. However, the effect of adding VTF on visual attention and performance in a motor dual-task paradigm has not been investigated. Our aim was to compare visual attention and performance during ADLs in a motor dual-task paradigm when using binary VTF and without using VTF...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605474/digital-innovations-and-emerging-technologies-for-enhanced-recovery-programmes
#3
F Michard, T J Gan, H Kehlet
Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) are increasingly used to improve post-surgical recovery. However, compliance to various components of ERPs-a key determinant of success-remains sub-optimal. Emerging technologies have the potential to help patients and caregivers to improve compliance with ERPs.Preoperative physical condition, a major determinant of postoperative outcome, could be optimized with the use of text messages (SMS) or digital applications (Apps) designed to facilitate smoking cessation, modify physical activity, and better manage hypertension and diabetes...
June 9, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603469/using-fitness-trackers-in-clinical-research-what-nurse-practitioners-need-to-know
#4
Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
Consumer-based wearable fitness trackers present a new array of opportunities and challenges to nurse practitioners engaged in health promotion research. Key advantages include the ability to provide continuous, objective, remote monitoring of physical activity and the potential to improve the efficacy of physical activity interventions. This paper provides an overview of fitness trackers, including their functions and accuracy, and addresses the following key issues to consider before using trackers in research: (1) when to use a fitness tracker; (2) choosing a brand and model; (3) encouraging good compliance; and (4) extracting and using the data...
January 2017: Journal for Nurse Practitioners: JNP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587188/a-review-of-activity-trackers-for-senior-citizens-research-perspectives-commercial-landscape-and-the-role-of-the-insurance-industry
#5
REVIEW
Salvatore Tedesco, John Barton, Brendan O'Flynn
The objective assessment of physical activity levels through wearable inertial-based motion detectors for the automatic, continuous and long-term monitoring of people in free-living environments is a well-known research area in the literature. However, their application to older adults can present particular constraints. This paper reviews the adoption of wearable devices in senior citizens by describing various researches for monitoring physical activity indicators, such as energy expenditure, posture transitions, activity classification, fall detection and prediction, gait and balance analysis, also by adopting consumer-grade fitness trackers with the associated limitations regarding acceptability...
June 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586759/traditional-chinese-medicine-ka-sai-ping-suppresses-the-growths-of-gastric-cancers-via-induction-of-autophagy
#6
Mo-Li Zhu, Jun-Xiu Lu, Guo-Pin Pan, Song Ping, Fan-Rong Zhao, Heng-Tian Qi, Hai-Ya Yu, Xu Jian, Guang-Rui Wan, Peng Li
Traditional Chinese medication is increasingly used to treat a wide range of human chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases and cancers. This study was designed to explore whether ka-sai-ping (KSP), a novel traditional Chinese medicine developed by us, prevents gastric cancer growths and to investigate the underlying mechanism. The xenograft model of mouse gastric cancer was established by injecting MFCs into nude mouse subcutaneously. Cell autophagy was assessed by MDC staining. Lysosome and mitochondria were detected by Lyso-Tracker Red and Mito-Traker Green staining...
May 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572514/cell-surface-copper-transporters-and-superoxide-dismutase-1-are-essential-for-outgrowth-during-fungal-spore-germination
#7
Samuel Plante, Vincent Normant, Karla M Ramos-Torres, Simon Labbe
During fungal spore germination, a resting spore returns to a conventional mode of cell division and resumes vegetative growth, but the requirements for spore germination are incompletely understood. Here, we show that copper is essential for spore germination in Schizosaccharomyces pombe Germinating spores develop a single germ tube that emerges from the outer spore wall in a process called outgrowth. Under low copper conditions, the copper transporters Ctr4 and Ctr5 are maximally expressed at the onset of outgrowth...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570436/integration-of-mobile-health-technology-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-a-critical-review
#8
Lalitha V Sundararaman, Robert R Edwards, Edgar L Ross, Robert N Jamison
This article provides a critical overview and best-evidence synthesis of the use of mobile health (mHealth) technology among persons with chronic pain and their health care providers and examines the future benefits and barriers of implementing mHealth technology in clinical care. We critically review articles about electronic pain diaries, pain assessment programs, text messaging, and smartphone pain apps for management of persons with pain. Also presented are findings on the utility of activity trackers and use of telehealth to deliver cognitive behavioral therapy...
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560724/the-time-course-of-pupil-dilation-evoked-by-visual-sexual-stimuli-exploring-the-underlying-ans-mechanisms
#9
Johannes B Finke, Christian E Deuter, Xenia Hengesch, Hartmut Schächinger
The early processing of visual sexual stimuli shows signs of automaticity. Moreover, there is evidence for sex-specific patterns in cognitive and physiological responding to erotica. However, little is known about the time course of rapid pupillary responses to sexual stimuli and their correspondence with other measures of autonomic activity in women and men. To study pupil dilation as an implicit measure of sexual arousal at various stages of picture processing, we presented 35 heterosexual participants with pictures showing either erotic couples or single (male/female) erotic nudes, contrasted with people involved in everyday situations...
May 31, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549455/inter-act-prevention-of-pregnancy-complications-through-an-e-health-driven-interpregnancy-lifestyle-intervention-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Margriet Bijlholt, Kelly Amuli, Dorine Heynickx, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Excessive maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational weight gain are related to pregnancy- and birth outcomes. The interpregnancy time window offers a unique opportunity to intervene in order to acquire a healthy lifestyle before the start of a new pregnancy. METHODS: INTER-ACT is an e-health driven multicentre randomised controlled intervention trial targeting women at high risk of pregnancy- and birth related complications. Eligible women are recruited for the study at day 2 or 3 postpartum...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540402/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-acceptance-of-and-preferences-for-consumer-wearable-technology-activity-trackers
#11
Nga H Nguyen, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Chris Lynch, Marina M Reeves, Brigid M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are common amongst breast cancer survivors. These behaviours are associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes and other cancers. Commercially available, wearable activity trackers (WATs) have potential utility as behavioural interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour within this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the acceptability and usability of consumer WAT amongst postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
May 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539116/modeling-long-term-human-activeness-using-recurrent-neural-networks-for-biometric-data
#12
Zae Myung Kim, Hyungrai Oh, Han-Gyu Kim, Chae-Gyun Lim, Kyo-Joong Oh, Ho-Jin Choi
BACKGROUND: With the invention of fitness trackers, it has been possible to continuously monitor a user's biometric data such as heart rates, number of footsteps taken, and amount of calories burned. This paper names the time series of these three types of biometric data, the user's "activeness", and investigates the feasibility in modeling and predicting the long-term activeness of the user. METHODS: The dataset used in this study consisted of several months of biometric time-series data gathered by seven users independently...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533468/vacuolation-activity-and-intracellular-trafficking-of-artb-the-binding-subunit-of-an-ab5-toxin-produced-by-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi
#13
Brock P Herdman, James C Paton, Hui Wang, Travis Beddoe, Adrienne W Paton
Various Salmonella enterica serovars, including S Typhi, encode an AB5 toxin (ArtAB), the A subunit of which is an ADP-ribosyltransferase related to the S1 subunit of pertussis toxin. However, although the A subunit is able to catalyse ADP-ribosylation of host G proteins, a cytotoxic phenotype has yet to be identified for the holotoxin. Here we show that its B subunit pentamer (ArtB) binds to receptors on the surface of Vero (African green monkey kidney), CHO (Chinese hamster ovary), U937 (human monocyte) and HBMEC (human brain microvascular endothelial) cell lines...
May 22, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521767/the-impact-of-an-m-health-financial-incentives-program-on-the-physical-activity-and-diet-of-australian-truck-drivers
#14
Nicholas D Gilson, Toby G Pavey, Olivia Rl Wright, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Sjaan Gomersall, Stewart G Trost, Wendy J Brown
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are high in truck drivers and have been linked to work routines that promote inactivity and poor diets. This feasibility study examined the extent to which an m-Health financial incentives program facilitated physical activity and healthy dietary choices in Australian truck drivers. METHODS: Nineteen men (mean [SD] age = 47.5 [9.8] years; BMI = 31.2 [4.6] kg/m(2)) completed the 20-week program, and used an activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP™) to regulate small positive changes in occupational physical activity, and fruit, vegetable, saturated fat and processed/refined sugar food/beverage choices...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501356/engaging-overweight-adolescents-in-a-health-and-fitness-program-using-wearable-activity-trackers
#15
Marian Wilson, Samantha Ramsay, Kimberly J Young
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to (a) examine feasibility and receptivity of overweight adolescents joining a community-based group fitness program and (b) test preliminary efficacy of a 12-week pilot intervention designed to promote health, fitness, and self-efficacy for the identified teens. METHODS: The 12-week fitness program for overweight adolescents was developed and included planned physical activities, nutrition classes, and goal-setting sessions. A one-group pre-/posttest study design evaluated 20 participants from grades 10 through 12 who enrolled in the program pilot study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495352/reliability-of-commercially-available-sleep-and-activity-trackers-with-manual-switch-to-sleep-mode-activation-in-free-living-healthy-individuals
#16
Alexia Gruwez, Walter Libert, Lieveke Ameye, Marie Bruyneel
INTRODUCTION: Wearable health devices have become trendy among consumers, but it is not known whether they accurately measure sleep and physical activity parameters. To address this question, we have studied the measured data of two consumer-level activity monitors (Up Move Jawbone(®) (U) and Withings Pulse 02(®) (W)) and compared it with reference methods for sleep and activity recordings, namely the Bodymedia SenseWear Pro Armband(®) actigraph (SWA) and home-polysomnography (H-PSG)...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490620/physical-activity-evaluation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#17
REVIEW
Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Significant advances in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have resulted in marked improvements in survival and life expectancy. Thus, there is an increased emphasis on promoting physical activity to optimise healthy development and long-term cardiovascular health. Evaluation of physical activity levels as part of ongoing clinical care is recommended to facilitate physical activity counselling and/or exercise prescription. Physical activity is a complex health behaviour that is challenging to evaluate...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488834/the-efficacy-of-wearable-activity-tracking-technology-as-part-of-a-weight-loss-program-a-systematic-review
#18
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Motel
INTRODUCTION: The world obesity rate has increased over the past two decades. This problem has been linked to inactivity and lack of exercise among individuals which prompted the development of wearable activity tracking technology. This technology is commonly offered as a bracelet, watch, or pendent that provides feedback of daily activity such as total step count, heart rate, and energy expenditure. Despite the popularity of these devices, their efficacy to assist in behavior change and weight loss is still being studied...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487202/thalamic-mast-cell-activity-is-associated-with-sign-tracking-behavior-in-rats
#19
Christopher J Fitzpatrick, Jonathan D Morrow
Mast cells are resident immune cells in the thalamus that can degranulate and release hundreds of signaling molecules (i.e., monoamines, growth factors, and cytokines) both basally and in response to environmental stimuli. Interestingly, mast cell numbers in the brain show immense individual variation in both rodents and humans. We used a Pavlovian conditioned approach (PCA) procedure to examine whether mast cells are associated with individual variation in the attribution of incentive-motivational value to reward-related cues...
May 6, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473304/ownership-and-use-of-commercial-physical-activity-trackers-among-finnish-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#20
Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Sami Kokko
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps for monitoring and promoting physical activity (PA) are extremely popular among adults. Devices, such as heart rate monitors or sports watches (HRMs/SWs) that work with these apps are at sufficiently low costs to be available through the commercial markets. Studies have reported an increase in PA levels among adults with devices; however, it is unknown whether the phenomena are similar during early adolescence. At a time when adolescents start to develop their own sense of independence and build friendship, the ease of smartphone availability in developed countries needs to be investigated in important health promoting behaviors such as PA...
May 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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