keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tau phosphorylation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926491/early-pathogenic-event-of-alzheimer-s-disease-documented-in-ipscs-from-patients-with-psen1-mutations
#1
Juan Yang, Hanzhi Zhao, Yu Ma, Guilai Shi, Jian Song, Yu Tang, Song Li, Ting Li, Nan Liu, Fan Tang, Junjie Gu, Lingling Zhang, Zhuohua Zhang, Xiaohui Zhang, Ying Jin, Weidong Le
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common age-related dementia characterized by progressive neuronal loss. However, the molecular mechanisms for the neuronal loss is still debated. Here, we used induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from somatic cells of familial AD patients carrying PSEN1 mutations to study the early pathogenic event of AD. We found that premature neuronal differentiation with decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis occured in AD-iPSC-derived neural progenitor cells (AD-NPCs) once neuronal differentiation was initiated, together with higher levels of Aβ42 and phosphorylated tau...
December 2, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924507/tppu-protects-tau-from-h2o2-induced-hyperphosphorylation-in-hek293-tau-cells-by-regulating-pi3k-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-pathway
#2
En-Sheng Yao, Yan Tang, Xing-Hua Liu, Ming-Huan Wang
Neurofibrillary pathology of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) signaling pathway is pivotal for tau phosphorylation. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolism has been shown to effectively increase the accumulation of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid and have been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects...
December 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914953/both-secreted-and-the-cellular-levels-of-bdnf-attenuated-due-to-tau-hyperphosphorylation-in-primary-cultures-of-cortical-neurons
#3
İrem Lütfiye Atasoy, Erdinç Dursun, Duygu Gezen Ak, Derya Metin Armağan, Melek Öztürk, Selma Yılmazer
Intracellular aggregation of hyperphosphorylated tau in neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) is a major neuropathological hallmark of taupathies such as Alzheimer's disease. Okadaic acid (OKA) is a potent inhibitor of PP2A, leading to abnormal tau phosphorylation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that is selectively downregulated in AD. In this study, we investigated the effects of OKA induced tau hyperphosphorylation on secreted and cellular levels of BDNF in primary cortical neurons that were treated with 25nM OKA...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913964/intracerebroventricular-streptozotocin-as-a-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease-neurochemical-and-behavioral-characterization-in-mice
#4
Katherine Garcia Ravelli, Barbara Dos Anjos Rosário, Rosana Camarini, Marina Sorrentino Hernandes, Luiz Roberto Britto
Streptozotocin has been widely used to mimic some aspects of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, especially in mice, several characteristics involved in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced AD pathology are not well known. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate temporally the expression of AD-related proteins, such as amyloid-β (Aβ), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), synapsin, axonal neurofilaments, and phosphorylated Tau in the hippocampus following intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of STZ in adult mice...
December 2, 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911328/the-clinical-use-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-for-alzheimer-s-disease-diagnosis-the-italian-selfie
#5
Giulia M Sancesario, Sofia Toniolo, Davide Chiasserini, Simona G Di Santo, Josh Zegeer, Gaetano Bernardi, Massimo Musicco, Carlo Caltagirone, Lucilla Parnetti, Sergio Bernardini
Although the use of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid β1-42 (Aβ42), tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau181) gives added diagnostic and prognostic values, the diffusion is still limited in clinical practice and only a restricted number of patients receive an integrated clinico-biological diagnosis. By a survey, we aimed to do a "selfie" of the use and diffusion of CSF biomarkers of dementia in Italy, the standardization of pre-analytical procedures, the harmonization of ranges, and the participation to Quality Control programs...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911311/risk-factors-and-pathological-substrates-associated-with-agitation-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-preliminary-study-using-nacc-data
#6
Simrin Sennik, Tom A Schweizer, Corinne E Fischer, David G Munoz
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A number of studies have targeted psychosis, i.e., hallucinations and delusions in AD, but few have assessed agitation/aggression in AD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors and pathological substrates associated with presence [A(+)] and absence [A(-)] of agitation/aggression (A) in autopsy-confirmed AD. METHODS: Data was collected from the UDS data as of 2015 on the NACC database...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911307/a-high-cholesterol-diet-increases-27-hydroxycholesterol-and-modifies-estrogen-receptor-expression-and-neurodegeneration-in-rabbit-hippocampus
#7
Sylwia W Brooks, Ava C Dykes, Bernard G Schreurs
Hypercholesterolemia has been implicated in numerous health problems from cardiovascular disease to neurodegeneration. High serum cholesterol levels in midlife have been associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) later in life which suggests that the pathways leading to AD pathology might be activated decades before the symptoms of the disease are detected. Cholesterol-fed animals, particularly cholesterol-fed rabbits, exhibit brain pathology similar to the changes found in brains of AD patients...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908726/activation-of-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-1-improves-early-onset-cognitive-impairment-via-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Ze-Fen Wang, Zhi-Yong Pan, Cheng-Shi Xu, Zhi-Qiang Li
Previous studies experimentally reveal that G-protein coupled estrogen receptor 1(GPER) has neuroprotection against ischemic injury. However, its effect on traumatic brain injury (TBI) is less well-established. Cognitive impairment following human TBI is a common clinical observation, and TBI is considered as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to observe the possible protective effect of GPER on early-onset cognitive impairment after a single TBI and investigate the cellular mechanism underlying its actions...
November 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903811/%C3%AE-amyloid-in-csf-biomarker-for-preclinical-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy
#9
Ellis S van Etten, Marcel M Verbeek, Jeroen van der Grond, Ronald Zielman, Sanneke van Rooden, Erik W van Zwet, Anna M van Opstal, Joost Haan, Steven M Greenberg, Mark A van Buchem, Marieke J H Wermer, Gisela M Terwindt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate CSF biomarkers in presymptomatic and symptomatic mutation carriers with hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis-Dutch type (HCHWA-D), a model for sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and to determine the earliest deposited form of β-amyloid (Aβ). METHODS: HCHWA-D mutation carriers and controls were enrolled in the cross-sectional EDAN (Early Diagnosis of Amyloid Angiopathy Network) study. The HCHWA-D group was divided into symptomatic carriers with a previous intracerebral hemorrhage and presymptomatic carriers...
November 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903332/computerized-cognitive-tests-are-associated-with-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-cognitively-normal-individuals-10-years-prior
#10
Anja Soldan, Corinne Pettigrew, Abhay Moghekar, Marilyn Albert
OBJECTIVES: Evidence suggests that Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers become abnormal many years before the emergence of clinical symptoms of AD, raising the possibility that biomarker levels measured in cognitively normal individuals would be associated with cognitive performance many years later. This study examined whether performance on computerized cognitive tests is associated with levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of amyloid, tau, and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) obtained approximately 10 years earlier, when individuals were cognitively normal and primarily middle-aged...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902456/long-term-caloric-restriction-in-apoe-deficient-mice-results-in-neuroprotection-via-fgf21-induced-ampk-mtor-pathway
#11
Claire Rühlmann, Tjark Wölk, Tobias Blümel, Laura Stahn, Brigitte Vollmar, Angela Kuhla
Caloric restriction (CR) decelerates the aging process, extends lifespan and exerts neuroprotective effects in diverse species by so far unknown mechanisms. Based on known neuroprotective effects of fibroblastic growth factor 21 (Fgf21) we speculate that CR upregulates Fgf21, which phosphorylates neuronal AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), leading to a decrease of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling activity and an inhibition of tau-hyperphosphorylation. This in turn reduces the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, a neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer´s disease...
November 29, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896490/cerebrospinal-fluid-levels-of-neurofilament-light-chain-in-multiple-system-atrophy-relative-to-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#12
Xiaohui Hu, Yan Yang, Daokai Gong
As a biomarker of axonal injury, neurofilament light chain (NFL) in multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients and Parkinson's disease (PD) patients has been investigated by numerous studies. However, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NFL changes are conflicting in MSA patients relative to PD patients to date. Therefore, the current study was carried out to find out possible heterogeneity sources. Furthermore, "Neurofilament", "Neurofilament light chain" and "Multiple system atrophy" were employed to search "PubMed", "Springer" and "Medline" databases until August 2016 with standard mean difference (Std...
November 28, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895577/fus1-ko-mouse-as-a-model-of-oxidative-stress-mediated-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease-circadian-disruption-and-long-term-spatial-and-olfactory-memory-impairments
#13
Guillermo Coronas-Samano, Keeley L Baker, Winston J T Tan, Alla V Ivanova, Justus V Verhagen
Insufficient advances in the development of effective therapeutic treatments of sporadic Alzheimer's Disease (sAD) to date are largely due to the lack of sAD-relevant animal models. While the vast majority of models do recapitulate AD's hallmarks of plaques and tangles by virtue of tau and/or beta amyloid overexpression, these models do not reflect the fact that in sAD (unlike familial AD) these genes are not risk factors per se and that other mechanisms like oxidative stress, metabolic dysregulation and inflammation play key roles in AD etiology...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890382/-alzheimer-s-disease-cerebro-spinal-fluid-biomarkers-a-clinical-research-tool-sometimes-useful-in-daily-clinical-practice-of-memory-clinics-for-the-diagnosis-of-complex-cases
#14
E Magnin, J Dumurgier, E Bouaziz-Amar, S Bombois, D Wallon, A Gabelle, S Lehmann, F Blanc, O Bousiges, D Hannequin, B Jung, C Miguet-Alfonsi, M Quillard, F Pasquier, K Peoc'h, J-L Laplanche, J Hugon, C Paquet
The role of biomarkers in clinical research was recently highlighted in the new criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers (total Tau protein, threonine 181 phosphorylated Tau protein and amyloid Aβ1-42 peptide) are associated with cerebral neuropathological lesions observed in Alzheimer's disease (neuronal death, neurofibrillary tangle with abnormal Tau deposits and amyloid plaque). Aβ1-40 amyloid peptide dosage helps to interpret Aβ1-42 results. As suggested in the latest international criteria and the French HAS (Haute Autorité de santé) recommendations, using theses CSF biomarkers should not be systematic but sometimes could be performed to improve confidence about the diagnostic of Alzheimer's disease in young subjects or in complex clinical situations...
November 24, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886009/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-combined-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-t-prp-t-tau-p-tau-and-a%C3%AE-42-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-from-alzheimer-s-disease-with-emphasis-on-atypical-disease-variants
#15
Samir Abu Rumeileh, Francesca Lattanzio, Michelangelo Stanzani Maserati, Romana Rizzi, Sabina Capellari, Piero Parchi
According to recent studies, the determination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total tau (t-tau)/phosphorylated tau (p-tau) ratio and total prion protein (t-PrP) levels significantly improves the accuracy of the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in atypical cases with clinical or laboratory features mimicking Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). However, this has neither been validated nor tested in series including atypical CJD variants. Furthermore, the added diagnostic value of amyloid-β (Aβ)42 remains unclear...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884212/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-is-reduced-in-alzheimer-s-disease-in-association-with-increasing-amyloid-%C3%AE-and-tau-pathology
#16
Patrick Gavin Kehoe, Steffenny Wong, Noura Al Mulhim, Laura Elyse Palmer, J Scott Miners
BACKGROUND: Hyperactivity of the classical axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), mediated by angiotensin II (Ang II) activation of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) degrades Ang II to angiotensin 1-7 (Ang (1-7)) and counter-regulates the classical axis of RAS. We have investigated the expression and distribution of ACE-2 in post-mortem human brain tissue in relation to AD pathology and classical RAS axis activity...
November 25, 2016: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884163/chronic-adiponectin-deficiency-leads-to-alzheimer-s-disease-like-cognitive-impairments-and-pathologies-through-ampk-inactivation-and-cerebral-insulin-resistance-in-aged-mice
#17
Roy Chun-Laam Ng, On-Yin Cheng, Min Jian, Jason Shing-Cheong Kwan, Philip Wing-Lok Ho, Kenneth King-Yip Cheng, Patrick Ka Kit Yeung, Lena Lei Zhou, Ruby Lai-Chong Hoo, Sookja Kim Chung, Aimin Xu, Karen Siu-Ling Lam, Koon Ho Chan
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is the major pathogenesis underlying type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and these patients have doubled risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increasing evidence suggests that insulin resistance plays an important role in AD pathogenesis, possibly due to abnormal GSK3β activation, causing intra- and extracellular amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation. Adiponectin (APN) is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing and anti-inflammatory effects. Reduced circulatory APN level is associated with insulin resistance and T2DM...
November 25, 2016: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879670/the-protective-effects-of-icariin-against-the-homocysteine-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-primary-embryonic-cultures-of-rat-cortical-neurons
#18
Xiao-Ang Li, Yuen-Shan Ho, Lei Chen, W L Wendy Hsiao
Icariin, an ingredient in the medicinal herb Epimedium brevicornum Maxim (EbM), has been considered as a potential therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hyperhomocysteinaemia is a risk factor for AD and other associated neurological diseases. In this study we aim to investigate whether icariin can reverse homocysteine (Hcy)-induced neurotoxicity in primary embryonic cultures of rat cortical neurons. Our findings demonstrated that icariin might be able restore the cytoskeleton network damaged by Hcy through the modulation of acetyl-α-tubulin, tyrosinated-α-tubulin, and phosphorylation of the tubulin-binding protein Tau...
November 22, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878758/gender-specific-expression-of-ubiquitin-specific-peptidase-9-modulates-tau-expression-and-phosphorylation-possible-implications-for-tauopathies
#19
Sandra Köglsberger, Maria Lorena Cordero-Maldonado, Paul Antony, Julia Ilona Forster, Pierre Garcia, Manuel Buttini, Alexander Crawford, Enrico Glaab
Public transcriptomic studies have shown that several genes display pronounced gender differences in their expression in the human brain, which may influence the manifestations and risk for neuronal disorders. Here, we apply a transcriptome-wide analysis to discover genes with gender-specific expression and significant alterations in public postmortem brain tissue from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients compared to controls. We identify the sex-linked ubiquitin-specific peptidase 9 (USP9) as an outstanding candidate gene with highly significant expression differences between the genders and male-specific underexpression in AD...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878757/targeting-ccr3-to-reduce-amyloid-%C3%AE-production-tau-hyperphosphorylation-and-synaptic-loss-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Chunyan Zhu, Bing Xu, Xiaohong Sun, Qiwen Zhu, Yi Sui
The majority of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients have a late onset, and chronic neuroinflammation, characterized by glial activation and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, plays a role in the pathogenesis of AD. The chemokine CCL11 has been shown to be a causative factor of cognitive decline in the process of aging, but little is known whether it is involved in the pathogenesis of AD. In the present study, we showed that CCR3, the receptor for CCL11, was expressed by hippocampal neurons and treatment of primary hippocampal neuronal cultures (14 days in vitro) with CCL11 resulted in activation of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 and glycogen synthase kinase-3β, associated with elevated tau phosphorylation at multiple sites...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
keyword
keyword
84461
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"