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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660114/molecular-evolution-of-key-metabolic-genes-during-transitions-to-c-4-and-cam-photosynthesis
#1
Eric W Goolsby, Abigail J Moore, Lillian P Hancock, Jurriaan M De Vos, Erika J Edwards
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Next-generation sequencing facilitates rapid production of well-sampled phylogenies built from very large genetic data sets, which can then be subsequently exploited to examine the molecular evolution of the genes themselves. We present an evolutionary analysis of 83 gene families (19 containing carbon-concentrating mechanism (CCM) genes, 64 containing non-CCM genes) in the portullugo clade (Caryophyllales), a diverse lineage of mostly arid-adapted plants that contains multiple evolutionary origins of all known photosynthesis types in land plants (C3 , C4 , CAM, C4 -CAM, and various intermediates)...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607779/detection-of-ciprofloxacin-through-surface-plasmon-resonance-nanosensor-with-specific-recognition-sites
#2
Esma Sari, Recep Üzek, Memed Duman, Adil Denizli
The novel nanosensor based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) was developed for sensitive and selective detection of ciprofloxacin via molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (MIP/NPs). NPs were synthesized through miniemulsion polymerization technique with methacrylic acid as a functional monomer. FTIR, SEM, zetasizer and contact angle measurements were used for the characterization of MIP/NPs. After modification the SPR chip surface, the nanosensor was used for detection of ciprofloxacin in aqueous solution. According to selected concentration range, the correlation coefficient and limit of detections were obtained as 0...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567273/nursing-in-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-plus-%C3%A3-a-change-plus-c-est-la-m%C3%A3%C2%AAme-chose
#3
EDITORIAL
Ian Norman, Peter Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516288/genome-wide-analysis-of-endogenously-expressed-zeb2-binding-sites-reveals-inverse-correlations-between-zeb2-and-galnac-transferase-galnt3-in-human-tumors
#4
Pelin Balcik-Ercin, Metin Cetin, Irem Yalim-Camci, Gorkem Odabas, Nurettin Tokay, A Emre Sayan, Tamer Yagci
BACKGROUND: ZEB2 is a transcriptional repressor that regulates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through binding to bipartite E-box motifs in gene regulatory regions. Despite the abundant presence of E-boxes within the human genome and the multiplicity of pathophysiological processes regulated during ZEB2-induced EMT, only a small fraction of ZEB2 targets has been identified so far. Hence, we explored genome-wide ZEB2 binding by chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) under endogenous ZEB2 expression conditions...
March 7, 2018: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511418/obstetrics-at-decisive-crossroads-regarding-pattern-recognition-of-fetal-heart-rate-decelerations-scientific-principles-and-lessons-from-memetics
#5
REVIEW
Shashikant L Sholapurkar
The survival of cardiotocography (CTG) as a tool for intrapartum fetal monitoring seems threatened somewhat unjustifiably and unwittingly despite the absence of better alternatives. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are center-stage (most important) in the interpretation of CTG with maximum impact on three-tier classification. The pattern-discrimination of FHR decelerations is inexorably linked to their nomenclature. Unscientific or flawed nomenclature of decelerations can explain the dysfunctional CTG interpretation leading to errors in detection of acidemic fetuses...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506047/phytase-supplementation-in-diets-rich-in-fiber-from-rapeseed-enhances-phosphorus-and-calcium-digestibility-but-not-retention-in-broiler-chickens
#6
M Bournazel, M Lessire, S Klein, N Même, C Peyronnet, A Quinsac, M J Duclos, A Narcy
Two experiments were conducted on broilers to assess the effect of dietary fiber from 00-rapeseed meal (RSM) on phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and retention (AR) during the growing (Exp1: 10 to 21 d) or finishing period (Exp2: 21 to 31 d) in diets supplemented or not with microbial phytase. Each experiment involved 144 male Cobb 500 fed one of 8 diets. Fiber content was modulated by incorporating whole RSM, RSM from dehulled rapeseeds, either raw or supplemented with 2 levels of defatted rapeseed hulls...
February 28, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479287/les-infestations-par-les-poux-de-t%C3%A3%C2%AAte-une-mise-%C3%A3-jour-clinique
#7
Carl Cummings, Jane C Finlay, Noni E MacDonald
Les infestations par les poux de tête ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) ne constituent ni un risque sanitaire primaire ni un vecteur de maladie, mais représentent plutôt un problème de société au coût impor- tant. Pour diagnostiquer une infestation, il faut déceler un pou vivant. Même si les pyréthines et la perméthrine demeurent les traitements de première intention au Canada, la solution de myristate d'isopropyle et de ST-cyclométhicone et la diméticone peuvent être envisagées en deuxième intention après un échec thérapeutique démontré...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479285/les-recommandations-relatives-aux-vaccins-antigrippaux-administr%C3%A3-s-aux-enfants-et-aux-adolescents-pour-la-saison-2017-2018
#8
Dorothy L Moore
La Société canadienne de pédiatrie continue d'encourager la vaccination antigrippale annuelle de TOUS les enfants et les adolescents, dès l'âge de six mois. Les recommandations du Comité consultatif national de l'immunisation (CCNI) pour la saison 2017-2018 n'ont pas subi de changements importants par rapport à la saison précédente. Le CCNI a analysé toutes les données sur l'efficacité du vaccin vivant atténué contre l'influenza (VVAI) sur le marché et conclut qu'elles en appuient l'utilisation au Canada, même si les États-Unis ne le recommandent pas en raison de doutes quant à son efficacité...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466990/targeting-her2-breast-tumors-with-scfv-decorated-bimodal-nanoprobes
#9
Christophe Alric, Katel Hervé-Aubert, Nicolas Aubrey, Souad Melouk, Laurie Lajoie, William Même, Sandra Même, Yann Courbebaisse, Anastasia A Ignatova, Alexey V Feofanov, Igor Chourpa, Emilie Allard-Vannier
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in nanomedicine have shown the great interest of active targeting associated to nanoparticles. Single chain variable fragments (scFv) of disease-specific antibodies are very promising targeting entities because they are small, not immunogenic and able to bind their specific antigens. The present paper is devoted to biological properties in vitro and in vivo of fluorescent and pegylated iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs-Cy-PEG-scFv) functionalized with scFv targeting Human Epithelial growth Receptor 2 (HER2)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464462/gestational-and-lactational-exposure-to-dichlorinated-bisphenol-a-induces-early-alterations-of-hepatic-lipid-composition-in-mice
#10
Dounia El Hamrani, Amandine Chepied, William Même, Marc Mesnil, Norah Defamie, Sandra Même
OBJECTIVE: Using non-invasive magnetic resonance (MR) techniques and a histological approach, we assessed the outcomes of perinatal exposure at a low dose of 3,3'-DCBPA (2-chloro-4-[1-(3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]phenol) and/or 3,5-DCBPA (2,6-dichloro-4-[1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]phenol) on mice livers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fertilized female Swiss mice were injected intraperitoneally during gestation and lactation with either vehicle control, 20 μg/kg/day of BPA, 3,5-DCBPA, 3,3'-DCBPA or a mixture (mix-DCBPA)...
February 20, 2018: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447453/in-silico-genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-family-in-vigna-radiata-l-wilczek
#11
Swati Vaish, Praveen Awasthi, Siddharth Tiwari, Shailesh Kumar Tiwari, Divya Gupta, Mahesh Kumar Basantani
Plant glutathione S-transferases are integral to normal plant metabolism, and biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. GST gene family has been characterized in diverse plant species using molecular biology and bioinformatics approaches. In the current study, in silico analysis identified 44 GSTs in Vigna radiata. Of the total 44 GSTs identified, chromosomal locations of 31 GSTs were confirmed. The pI value of GST proteins ranged from 5.10 to 9.40. The predicted molecular weights ranged from 13.12 to 50 kDa. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that all GSTs were predominantly localized in the cytoplasm...
February 15, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446559/the-handaxe-reconsidered
#12
Thomas Wynn, John Gowlett
The Acheulean handaxe is one of the longest-known and longest-surviving artifacts of the Palaeolithic and, despite its experimentally tested functionality, is often regarded as puzzling. It is unnecessary to invoke a unique-for-mammals genetic mechanism to explain the handaxe phenomenon. Instead, we propose that two nongenetic processes are sufficient. The first is a set of ergonomic design principles linked to the production of sturdy, hand-held cutting tools in the context of a knapped-stone technology that lacked hafting...
January 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411313/myod-and-hand-transcription-factors-have-conserved-recognition-sites-in-mtor-promoter-insights-from-in-silico-analysis
#13
Ankita Awasthi, Vikrant Nain, Rekha Puria
mTOR regulates multiple cellular processes that are critical for proper maintenance of cell growth and development. However, mechanisms and factors responsible for transcriptional regulation of mTOR are partially known. To identify different transcription factor binding sites in promoter region of mTOR, we performed in silico phylogenetic foot printing analysis of diverse set of human orthologs. Phylogenetic tree for the orthologs was generated to establish the evolutionary relationships among them. Conserved binding sites among the species were predicted by tool MEME...
February 6, 2018: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390641/synergistic-effects-in-threshold-models-on-networks
#14
Jonas S Juul, Mason A Porter
Network structure can have a significant impact on the propagation of diseases, memes, and information on social networks. Different types of spreading processes (and other dynamical processes) are affected by network architecture in different ways, and it is important to develop tractable models of spreading processes on networks to explore such issues. In this paper, we incorporate the idea of synergy into a two-state ("active" or "passive") threshold model of social influence on networks. Our model's update rule is deterministic, and the influence of each meme-carrying (i...
January 2018: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357247/physico-chemical-characterization-of-fine-and-ultrafine-particles-emitted-during-diesel-particulate-filter-active-regeneration-of-euro5-diesel-vehicles
#15
Badr R'Mili, Antoinette Boréave, Aurelie Meme, Philippe Vernoux, Mickael Leblanc, Ludovic Noël, Stephane Raux, Barbara D'Anna
Diesel particulate filters (DPFs) are commonly employed in modern passenger cars to comply with current particulate matter (PM) emission standards. DPFs requires periodic regeneration to remove the accumulated matter. During the process, high-concentration particles, in both nucleation and accumulation modes, are emitted. Here, we report new information on particle morphology and chemical composition of fine (FPs) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) measured downstream of the DPF during active regeneration of two Euro 5 passenger cars...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330771/inhibition-of-human-immunodeficiency-type-1-virus-hiv-1-life-cycle-by-different-egg-white-lysozymes
#16
Mandana Behbahani, Mokhtar Nosrati, Hassan Mohabatkar
Lysozyme is a relatively small enzyme with different biological activities, which is found in tears, saliva, egg white, and human milk. In the study, the anti-HIV-1 activity of lysozymes purified from quail, Meleagris, and hen egg white has been determined. For this end, a time-of-drug-addition assay was performed to identify the target of anti-HIV-1 agents and for determination of probable anti HIV-1 mechanism of the studied lysozyme, the binding affinity of the lysozymes to the human CD4 receptor was studied by molecular docking method...
January 13, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312534/the-pax8-cistrome-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#17
Emily K Adler, Rosario I Corona, Janet M Lee, Norma Rodriguez-Malave, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Heidi Sowter, Dennis J Hazelett, Kate Lawrenson, Simon A Gayther
PAX8 is a lineage-restricted transcription factor that is expressed in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) precursor tissues, and in the major EOC histotypes. Frequent overexpression of PAX8 in primary EOCs suggests this factor functions as an oncogene during tumorigenesis, however, the biological role of PAX8 in EOC development is poorly understood. We found that stable knockdown of PAX8 in EOC models significantly reduced cell proliferation and anchorage dependent growth in vitro, and attenuated tumorigenicity in vivo ...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310678/computational-analysis-of-envelope-glycoproteins-from-diverse-geographical-isolates-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-identifies-highly-conserved-peptide-motifs
#18
Aneta Pluta, Lorraine M Albritton, Marzena Rola-Łuszczak, Jacek Kuźmak
BACKGROUND: Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a deltaretrovirus infecting bovine B cells and causing enzootic bovine leucosis. The SU or surface subunit, gp51, of its envelope glycoprotein is involved in receptor recognition and virion attachment. It contains the major neutralizing and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell epitopes found in naturally infected animals. In this study, we aimed to determine global variation and conservation within gp51 in the context of developing an effective global BLV vaccine...
January 8, 2018: Retrovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298679/sequence-motif-finder-using-memetic-algorithm
#19
Jader M Caldonazzo Garbelini, André Y Kashiwabara, Danilo S Sanches
BACKGROUND: De novo prediction of Transcription Factor Binding Sites (TFBS) using computational methods is a difficult task and it is an important problem in Bioinformatics. The correct recognition of TFBS plays an important role in understanding the mechanisms of gene regulation and helps to develop new drugs. RESULTS: We here present Memetic Framework for Motif Discovery (MFMD), an algorithm that uses semi-greedy constructive heuristics as a local optimizer. In addition, we used a hybridization of the classic genetic algorithm as a global optimizer to refine the solutions initially found...
January 3, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258562/leishmania-infantum-5-methylthioadenosine-phosphorylase-presents-relevant-structural-divergence-to-constitute-a-potential-drug-target
#20
Hela Abid, Emna Harigua-Souiai, Thouraya Mejri, Mourad Barhoumi, Ikram Guizani
BACKGROUND: The 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP), an enzyme involved in purine and polyamine metabolism and in the methionine salvage pathway, is considered as a potential drug target against cancer and trypanosomiasis. In fact, Trypanosoma and Leishmania parasites lack de novo purine pathways and rely on purine salvage pathways to meet their requirements. Herein, we propose the first comprehensive bioinformatic and structural characterization of the putative Leishmania infantum MTAP (LiMTAP), using a comparative computational approach...
December 19, 2017: BMC Structural Biology
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