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Renal function after surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922687/comparison-of-perioperative-renal-and-oncologic-outcomes-in-robotic-assisted-versus-open-partial-nephrectomy
#1
Jo-Lynn Tan, Mark Frydenberg, Jeremy Grummet, Uri Hanegbi, Ross Snow, Sarah Mann, Kirobel Begashaw, Daniel Moon
BACKGROUND: To compare perioperative, renal and oncological outcomes after robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) for the treatment of renal tumours. METHODS: All partial nephrectomies performed at a Metropolitan Urology Centre between 2010 and 2016 were analysed. Baseline data was collected for patient demographics, tumour characteristics (tumour size, laterality and polarity, RENAL scores), and perioperative variables (e...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903938/atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-obstructive-sleep-apnea-autonomic-nervous-mechanism-and-modulation
#2
Lilei Yu, Xuefei Li, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Yuhong Wang, Zhenya Wang, Jielin Deng, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not completely understood. This study investigated the roles of the intrinsic and extrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system in OSA-induced AF and provided noninvasive autonomic nervous modulation for the suppression of OSA-induced AF by using low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LL-TS) of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the tragus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen dogs received tracheostomy under general anesthesia and were randomly divided into 3 groups: the OSA group (OSA was simulated via clamping of the endotracheal tube at end expiration for 1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893213/application-and-analysis-of-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-with-sequential-segmental-renal-artery-clamping-for-patients-with-multiple-renal-tumor-initial-experience
#3
Jundong Zhu, Fan Jiang, Pu Li, Pengfei Shao, Chao Liang, Aiming Xu, Chenkui Miao, Chao Qin, Zengjun Wang, Changjun Yin
BACKGROUND: To explore the feasibility and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping for the patients with multiple renal tumor of who have solitary kidney or contralateral kidney insufficiency. METHODS: Nine patients who have undergone retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping between October 2010 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 11, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892918/sarcomatoid-carcinoma-of-renal-pelvis-with-abundant-heterologous-osteosarcomatous-element-a-case-report
#4
Mona Lisa, Guddi Rani Singh, Richa Madhawi, Bipin Kumar, Zeenat Sarmadi Imam
A 47-year-old male presented with haematuria and flank pain for two weeks. Ultrasonography and renal scan revealed a poorly functioning left kidney with multiple calculi. Simple nephrectomy was performed and the specimen revealed a mass in his renal pelvis which showed both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components on microscopy. The sarcomatous component consisted of diffuse pleomorphic osteoblasts with intervening lacy osteoid, giving an osteosarcoma-like appearance. These areas of tumour were strongly positive for vimentin and osteopontin...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891797/-overall-survival-and-renal-function-after-partial-and-radical-nephrectomy-in-malignant-localized-renal-tumors
#5
Paula León-Medina, Carolina Artiles-Ortega, José Vicente Armas-Molina, José Luis Artiles-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall survival rate and renal function in our series after radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN) in renal tumors in an early stage. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 229 patients who underwent RN or PN for renal cancer T1-T2N0M0 in our center between 1995 and 2015. We described demographic factors, first symptom, TNM, histology, post-surgery data, recurrence rate and renal function. We utilized Fisher test, Chi square test and T-Student and we considered statistical significance when p<0...
September 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879464/prevalence-of-subclinical-enteric-alpha-1-antitrypsin-loss-in-children-with-univentricular-circulation-following-total-cavopulmonary-connection
#6
Colm R Breatnach, Aoife Cleary, Terence Prendiville, Kathleen Crumlish, Helene Murchan, Colin J McMahon
Protein-Losing Enteropathy post Fontan palliation is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. To date, very little research has been carried out to improve early identification of enteric protein loss in these patients. We hypothesise that subclinical enteric protein loss may occur in patients post Fontan surgery. A cross-sectional study was performed on 43 patients post Fontan surgery. We collected specimens of stool and blood from patients with no symptoms of protein-losing enteropathy post Fontan...
September 6, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874628/ureterocele-fenestration-with-holmium-laser-in-neonates
#7
Predrag Ilic, Mirjana Jankovic, Maja Milickovic, Slobodan Dzambasanovic, Vladimir Kojovic
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of holmium-laser fenestration of intravesical ureteroceles in neonatal period. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the results of the holmium-laser puncture in ten neonates with intravesical ureterocele, between September 2013 and September 2016. Laser probe was placed through the cystoscope to the lowest and medial portion of the ureterocele, near the bladder floor. Few punctures (4 to 8) were made, until ureterocele has been collapsed...
June 23, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871498/tangeretin-ameliorates-renal-failure-via-regulating-oxidative-stress-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tnf-%C3%AE-inos-signalling-and-improves-memory-and-cognitive-deficits-in-5-6-nephrectomized-rats
#8
Jing Wu, Yu-Mei Zhao, Zhi-Kuan Deng
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant global health concern with limited treatment options. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses have been implicated in the pathology of CKD. Patients with CKD are frequently affected with neurological complications that affect both the central and peripheral nervous system. Identification of effective treatment strategies are of much clinical value in the therapy of CKD. Tangeretin, a plant-derived flavonoid has been described to retain extensive pharmacological properties...
September 4, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869173/-ablative-therapy-in-kidney-cancer-indications
#9
T Tricard, G Tsoumakidou, V Lindner, J Garnon, G Albrand, X Cathelineau, A Gangi, H Lang
BACKGROUND: Ablative therapies (AT) in kidney cancer are rising. It's important to evaluate the situation of this therapy. The aim of this study is to identify the best indications for AT treatment for kidney cancer. METHODS: Review of literature using Medline and Embase databases. Study were selected based on scientific relevance. Clinical keys centered on the best requirements to indicate ablative therapies. RESULTS: AT is indicated according to specific tumor and patients criteria...
August 28, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861312/effective-predictors-for-surgical-decision-in-antenatal-hydronephrosis-a-prospective-multiparameter-analysis
#10
İsa Kıllı, Dinçer Avlan, Hakan Taşkınlar, Pınar Pelin Kara, Feramuz Demir Apaydın, Ali Delibaş, Ali Nayci
OBJECTIVE: The majority of antenatal hydronephrosis disappears spontaneously. In our study, we have investigated the effective predictors for surgical decision in antenatal hydronephrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four patients found to have renal pelvic anteroposterior (AP) diameter more than 10-mm on antenatal ultrasonograpy were followed after birth. The study groups were divided into two groups: follow-up and surgery group. On follow-up, longitudinal diameter of the kidney, parenchymal thickness of the kidney, AP diameter of renal pelvis, AP diameter of middle calyces on ultrasonograpy, and differential renal function, 20th minute clearance, half-life of radionuclide tracer (T1/2), Tmax, Tmax-T1/2, normalised residual activity (NORA) on diuretic renography were evaluated...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860786/risk-factors-and-early-outcomes-of-acute-renal-injury-after-thoracic-aortic-endograft-repair-for-type-b-aortic-dissection
#11
Songyuan Luo, Huanyu Ding, Jianfang Luo, Wei Li, Bing Ning, Yuan Liu, Wenhui Huang, Ling Xue, Ruixin Fan, Jiyan Chen
BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become an emerging treatment modality for acute type B aortic dissection (TBAD) patients in recent years. The risk factors and impacts of acute kidney injury (AKI) after percutaneous TEVAR, however, have not been widely established. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the clinical records of 305 consecutive patients who admitted to our institution and had TEVAR for TBAD between December 2009 and June 2013...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859893/predictors-of-long-term-survival-after-renal-cancer-surgery
#12
Joseph Zabell, Sevag Demirjian, Brian R Lane, Ithaar H Derweesh, Sudhir Isharwal, Chalairat Suk-Ouichai, Jitao Wu, Diego Aguilar Palacios, Steven C Campbell
PURPOSE: Renal cancer surgery (RCS) can adversely impact long-term function and survival. We evaluate predictors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) at 5-years and non-renal cancer mortality (NRCM) 10-years after RCS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 4,283 patients undergoing RCS (1997-2008). Radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN) were performed in 46%/54% of patients, respectively. Cumulative probability ordinal modeling was used to predict CKD status 5-years after surgery and multivariable logistic regression for predicting NRCM at 10-years...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859643/presence-of-transient-hydronephrosis-immediately-after-surgery-has-a-limited-influence-on-renal-function-1%C3%A2-year-after-ileal-neobladder-construction
#13
Takuma Narita, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takuya Koie, Shogo Hosogoe, Teppei Matsumoto, Osamu Soma, Hayato Yamamoto, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract obstruction and postoperative hydronephrosis are risk factor for renal function deterioration after orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. However, reports of relationship between transient hydronephrosis and renal function are limited. We assess the influence of postoperative transient hydronephrosis on renal function in patients with orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. METHODS: Between January 2006 and June 2013, we performed radical cystectomy in 164 patients, and 101 received orthotopic ileal neobladder construction...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845945/-laparoscopic-antevasal-uretero-ureteral-anastomosis-for-treating-retrocaval-ureter
#14
B K Komyakov, B G Guliev, Sh N Idrisov, R G Shibliev
The article presents a case of laparoscopic antevasal correction of the retrocaval ureter in a 16 year old patient, who was admitted to the hospital with complaints of aching pain in the right lower back. His history was noteworthy of early age onset of intermittent fever accompanied by abdominal and lumbar pain. Blood count and urinalysis were within normal limits, and he was treated symptomatically. However, no renal ultrasound scan was done. Intravenous urography and MSCT showed a retrocaval ureter. The diagnosis was confirmed by retrograde ureteropyelography...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841130/outcomes-of-open-and-endovascular-repair-of-inflammatory-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#15
África Duque Santos, Andrés Reyes Valdivia, María Asunción Romero Lozano, Enrique Aracil Sanus, Julia Ocaña Guaita, Claudio Gandarias
Objective Reports on inflammatory aortic abdominal aneurysm treatment are scarce. Traditionally, open surgery has been validated as the gold standard of treatment; however, high technical skills are required. Endovascular aortic repair has been suggested as a less invasive treatment by some authors offering good results. The purpose of our study was to report our experience and outcomes in the treatment of inflammatory aortic abdominal aneurysm using both approaches. Material and methods A retrospective review and data collection of all patients treated for inflammatory aortic abdominal aneurysm between 2000 and 2015 was done in one academic center...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835187/evaluation-of-the-renal-function-using-serum-cystatin-c-following-open-and-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#16
Nikola S Ilic, Dragan Opacic, Perica Mutavdzic, Igor Koncar, Marko Dragas, Snezana Jovicic, Miroslav Markovic, Lazar Davidovic
Objectives Controversies regarding renal function impairment after open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair still exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the renal function following open repair and endovascular aneurysm repair using Cystatin C. Methods This prospective, observational case-control study was conducted in tertiary referral centre over 3 years, starting from 2012. In total, 60 patients operated due to infrarenal AAA either by means of open repair (30 patients) or endovascular aneurysm repair (30 patients) were included in the study...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829829/intermediate-cd14-cd16-monocytes-decline-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-correlate-with-functional-capacity-and-left-ventricular-systolic-function
#17
Jonas Neuser, Paolo Galuppo, Daniela Fraccarollo, Jens Willig, Tibor Kempf, Dominik Berliner, Johann Bauersachs, Julian Daniel Widder
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the method of choice for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis, who are ineligible or at high risk for surgery. Though TAVR leads to a significant reduction in mortality, a notable amount of patients are re-hospitalized early after TAVR. Parameters or biomarkers predicting outcome are therefore needed to identify patients who benefit most. Specific monocyte subsets have been associated with cardiovascular diseases and were shown to possess prognostic value...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828690/kidney-autotransplantation-long-term-outcomes-and-complications-experience-in-a-tertiary-hospital-and-literature-review
#18
Mercedes Ruiz, Vital Hevia, Jose-Javier Fabuel, Alvaro-Amancio Fernández, Victoria Gómez, Francisco-Javier Burgos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze indications, surgical technique, complications and long-term outcomes of kidney autotransplantation (KAT) after 26-year experience at a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study of patients who underwent KAT at our institution (January 1990-December 2016) was carried out. Data collected included indications, surgical technique, complications (Clavien-Dindo), hospital stay and long-term outcomes. Literature review was performed through MEDLINE and ClinicalKey databases including "kidney," "renal," "autotransplantation" and "autograft...
August 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826803/american-college-of-surgeons-nsqip-risk-calculator-accuracy-for-emergent-and-elective-colorectal-operations
#19
Andrea L Lubitz, Elaine Chan, Daniel Zarif, Howard Ross, Matthew Philp, Amy J Goldberg, Henry A Pitt
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons NSQIP has developed a risk calculator (RC) to assist patients and surgeons with difficult decisions. The aim of this analysis was to determine the accuracy of the RC in patients undergoing elective and emergent colorectal operations. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2013 through December 2015, seventy-five patients undergoing emergent colorectal operations were paired by date with 75 patients having elective colorectal operations...
August 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822586/intravenous-mannitol-versus-placebo-during-partial-nephrectomy-in-patients-with-normal-kidney-function-a-double-blind-clinically-integrated-randomized-trial
#20
Massimiliano Spaliviero, Nicholas E Power, Katie S Murray, Daniel D Sjoberg, Nicole E Benfante, Melanie L Bernstein, James Wren, Paul Russo, Jonathan A Coleman
BACKGROUND: Mannitol is currently used as a renal protective agent to mitigate the effects of renal ischemia during nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). This routine practice lacks rigorous methodological study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect on renal function outcomes after surgery of mannitol infusion prior to renal ischemia during NSS. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial included 199 patients with a preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >45ml/min/1...
August 16, 2017: European Urology
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