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oxidized low density lipoprotein

Lina Badimon, Esther Peña, Gemma Arderiu, Teresa Padró, Mark Slevin, Gemma Vilahur, Gemma Chiva-Blanch
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a short pentraxin mainly found as a pentamer in the circulation, or as non-soluble monomers CRP (mCRP) in tissues, exerting different functions. This review is focused on discussing the role of CRP in cardiovascular disease, including recent advances on the implication of CRP and its forms specifically on the pathogenesis of atherothrombosis and angiogenesis. Besides its role in the humoral innate immune response, CRP contributes to cardiovascular disease progression by recognizing and binding multiple intrinsic ligands...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Xu Chen, Stefan Gustafsson, Thomas Whitington, Yan Borné, Erik Lorentzen, Jitong Sun, Peter Almgren, Jun Su, Robert Karlsson, Jie Song, Yi Lu, Yiqiang Zhan, Sara Hägg, Per Svensson, Karin E Smedby, Susan L Slager, Erik Ingelsson, Cecilia M Lindgren, Andrew P Morris, Olle Melander, Thomas Karlsson, Ulf de Faire, Kenneth Caidahl, Gunnar Engström, Lars Lind, Mikael C I Karlsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Johan Frostegård, Patrik K E Magnusson
Phosphorylcholine (PC) is an epitope on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), apoptotic cells and several pathogens like Streptococcus pneumoniae. Immunoglobulin M against PC (IgM anti-PC) has the ability to inhibit uptake of oxLDL by macrophages and increase clearance of apoptotic cells. From our genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in four European-ancestry cohorts, six SNPs in 11q24.1 were discovered (in 3002 individuals) and replicated (in 646 individuals) to be associated with serum level of IgM anti-PC (the leading SNP rs35923643-G, combined beta=0...
March 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Tian-Xing Chen, Xiao-Ying Cheng, Yun Wang, Wu Yin
Toosendanin (TSN), a triterpenoid extracted from Melia toosendan, has been reported to possess anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and anti-arthritic activities. However, its anti-adipogenic effect remains unknown. Here, we found that TSN dose-dependently attenuated lipid accumulation in preadipocytes 3T3-L1 as evidenced by Oil Red O staining. TSN also significantly downregulated mRNA and protein levels of adipocytokines (adiponectin and leptin), CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins α (C/EBP-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ), fatty acid synthase, and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in adipocytes...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Samia Hadj Ahmed, Wafa Kharroubi, Nadia Kaoubaa, Amira Zarrouk, Fathi Batbout, Habib Gamra, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar, Gérard Lizard, Isabelle Hininger-Favier, Mohamed Hammami
BACKGROUND: Nutritional choices, which include the source of dietary fatty acids (FA), have an important significant impact on coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to determine on patients with CAD the relationships between Trans fatty acids (Trans FA) and different CAD associated parameters such as inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters in addition to Gensini score as a vascular severity index. METHODS: Fatty acid profiles were established by gas chromatography from 111 CAD patients compared to 120 age-matched control group...
March 15, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Corinna Schmitz, Heidi Noels, Omar El Bounkari, Eva Straussfeld, Remco T A Megens, Marieke Sternkopf, Setareh Alampour-Rajabi, Christine Krammer, Pathricia V Tilstam, Norbert Gerdes, Christina Bürger, Aphrodite Kapurniotu, Richard Bucala, Joachim Jankowski, Christian Weber, Jürgen Bernhagen
The inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MIF) promotes atherosclerosis via lesional monocyte and T-cell recruitment. B cells have emerged as important components in atherogenesis, but the interaction between MIF and B cells in atherogenesis is unknown. Here, we investigated the atherosclerotic phenotype of Mif-gene deletion in Apoe-/- mice. Apoe-/- Mif-/- mice on a Western-diet exhibited strongly reduced atherosclerotic lesions in brachiocephalic artery (BC) and abdominal aorta compared with controls...
March 15, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Mads Rosenkilde, Lisbeth Rygaard, Pernille Nordby, Lars Bo Nielsen, Bente Stallknecht
Exercise training and weight loss both reduce cardiovascular risk, but the independent importance of the two strategies is unclear. We aimed to investigate independent and combined effects of exercise training and weight loss on lipoproteins and dyslipidemia in overweight sedentary men. Sixty individuals were randomized to 12 weeks of endurance training (T), energy-reduced diet (D), training and energy increased diet (T-iD), or control (C). Equal energetic deficits (-600 kcal/day) were prescribed by exercise for T and caloric restriction for D...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Antoine Abou Jaoude, Lise Badiqué, Mohamed Mlih, Sara Awan, Sunning Guo, Alexandre Lemle, Clauda Abboud, Sophie Foppolo, Lionel Host, Jérôme Terrand, Hélène Justiniano, Joachim Herz, Rachel L Matz, Philippe Boucher
ShcA is an adaptor protein that binds to the cytoplasmic tail of receptor tyrosine kinases and of the Low Density Lipoprotein-related receptor 1 (LRP1), a trans-membrane receptor that protects against atherosclerosis. Here, we examined the role of endothelial ShcA in atherosclerotic lesion formation. We found that atherosclerosis progression was markedly attenuated in mice deleted for ShcA in endothelial cells, that macrophage content was reduced at the sites of lesions, and that adhesion molecules such as the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were severely reduced...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
N Wang, Q Xu, Y Liu, Y Jin, P W Harlina, M Ma
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) from hen egg yolk has high nutritional value and plays an important role in the fields of biology, medicine, and materials. To develop fundamental research about LDL, a highly efficient extraction method is necessary. We found that 30% saturated ammonium sulfate can extract more crude LDL than 40% saturation. We selected polyethylene glycol (PEG; nonionic type) to obtain crude LDL. Three factors were employed, namely, degree of polymerization, concentration of PEG, and pH of egg yolk plasma...
March 8, 2018: Poultry Science
Caixia Guo, Ru Ma, Xiaoying Liu, Tian Chen, Yang Li, Yang Yu, Junchao Duan, Xianqing Zhou, Yanbo Li, Zhiwei Sun
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a marker of hyperlipidemia, plays a pivotal role in the development of atherosclerosis through the induction of macrophage-derived foam cell formation and thereafter apoptosis. Previous studies have indicated that silica nanoparticle (SiNPs) may exert a proatherogenic role, which could induce endothelial dysfunction, and monocytes infiltration. However, little is known about SiNPs' effects on macrophage-derived foam cell formation and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis...
March 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Yanwu Hu, Haitao Li, Kai Liu, Yang Zhang, Liqun Ren, Zhimin Fan
Icariin belongs to the family of flavonoids that is extracted from Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, and exhibits antioxidative, antitumorigenic, antiosteoporotic, immunoregulatory and antiatherosclerotic properties. To understand the mechanisms underlying the antiatherosclerotic properties of icariin, the present study investigated the effects of icariin on human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) following treatment with oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL). Thus, following pretreatment with icariin at four various concentrations (0, 10, 20 and 40 µM), HUVECs were stimulated with ox‑LDL (100 µg/ml)...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yunzi Zhao, Yuqiu Li, Xiaohui Ning, Keping Chen, Shu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Esther Oluwasola Aluko, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Olumuyiwa Abiola Adejumobi, Temitayo Olabisi Ajibade, Adesoji Adedipe Fasanmade
Nitric oxide (NO) is major endothelial relaxing factor and reduction in its bioavailabilty has been linked to hypertension. Furthermore, high lipid content is a strong risk factor predisposing to cardiovascular diseases. The principal focus of this study was to investigate the effect of blockade of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on serum lipid content in rats. Male Wistar rats (150-170 g, n = 15) were randomly divided into two groups designated control (n = 5), and L-Name group (n = 10) and were gavage with distilled water and 60 mg/kg of L-NAME respectively daily for three weeks...
March 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Marc A Tuazon, Sara C Campbell, Dylan J Klein, Sue A Shapses, Keith R Anacker, Tracy G Anthony, Mehmet Uzumcu, Gregory C Henderson
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with fatty liver, glucose dysregulation, increased body fat, and impaired bone quality. Previously, it was demonstrated that single sessions of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) are more effective than distance- and duration-matched continuous exercise (CE) on altering hepatic triglyceride (TG) metabolism and very-low density lipoprotein-TG (VLDL-TG) secretion. METHODS: Six weeks training using these modalities was examined for effects on hepatic TG metabolism/secretion, glucose tolerance, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated (SHAM) mice...
March 6, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Wenting Zhao, Zhen Wang, Zewei Sun, Yuxian He, Dongdong Jian, Xiaotong Hu, Wang Zhang, Liangrong Zheng
The DEAD box protein DDX5, an ATP-dependent RNA helicase, plays an important role in transcriptional regulation and is associated with solid tumors and leukemia. However, its role in oxLDL-induced lipid uptake in macrophages remains unclear. In this study, we detected the expression of DDX5 mRNA and protein in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-treated human primary macrophages that were induced from monocytes isolated from human peripheral blood with or without several chemical inhibitors using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) or Western blotting...
March 6, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Hiroyuki Itabe, Rina Kato, Naoko Sasabe, Takashi Obama, Matsuo Yamamoto
Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is known to be involved in various diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. The presence of oxLDL in the human circulatory system and in atherosclerotic lesions has been demonstrated using monoclonal antibodies. Studies have shown the significance of circulating oxLDL in various systemic diseases, including acute myocardial infarction and diabetic mellitus. Several different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedures to measure oxLDL were utilized...
March 6, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Feroz Ahmad, David S Leake
Oxidised low density lipoprotein (LDL) was considered to be important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, but the large clinical trials of antioxidants, including the first one using probucol (the PQRST Trial), failed to show benefit and have cast doubt on the importance of oxidised LDL. We have shown previously that LDL oxidation can be catalysed by iron in the lysosomes of macrophages. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the effectiveness of antioxidants in preventing LDL oxidation at lysosomal pH and also establish the possible mechanism of oxidation...
March 5, 2018: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Soo-Jin Ann, Ka-Kyung Kim, Eun Jeong Cheon, Hye-Min Noh, Inhwa Hwang, Je-Wook Yu, Sungha Park, Seok-Min Kang, Ichiro Manabe, Yury I Miller, Sangwoo Kim, Sang-Hak Lee
Increased consumption of Western-type diets and environmental insults lead to wide-spread increases in the plasma levels of saturated fatty acids and lipoprotein oxidation. The aim of this study is to examine whether palmitate and minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (mmLDL) exert an additive effect on macrophage activation. We found that CXCL2 and TNF-α secretion as well as ERK and p38 phosphorylation were additively increased by co-treatment of J774 macrophages with palmitate and mmLDL in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2018: PloS One
K Tabeta, M Hosojima, M Nakajima, S Miyauchi, H Miyazawa, N Takahashi, Y Matsuda, N Sugita, Y Komatsu, K Sato, T Ishikawa, K Akiishi, K Yamazaki, K Kato, A Saito, H Yoshie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous reports suggest that several serum biomarkers play roles in the pathogenesis, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in periodontitis caused by bacterial infections, linking chronic periodontitis to atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD). The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate, in a Japanese cross-sectional community survey, potential serum biomarkers of periodontitis that are associated with ASVD and chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study cohort included a total of 108 male subjects who underwent annual health examinations...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Shen Gao, Dong Zhao, Yue Qi, Wei Wang, Miao Wang, Jiayi Sun, Jun Liu, Yan Li, Jing Liu
AIMS: To investigate the association between circulating oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis and to examine whether this link is independent of other low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-related parameters. METHODS: Totally, 804 subjects who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline completed risk factor surveys and carotid ultrasound measurements in 2002 and 2012. Modified Poisson regression was performed to examine the association between baseline serum ox-LDL levels and the 10-year risk of progression of carotid atherosclerosis which was defined as the development of at least one new plaque in a previously plaque-free carotid segment at re-examination...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Mustafa Keleşoğlu, Fuat Kızılay, Burcu Barutçuoğlu, Güneş Başol, Fulden Saraç, Işıl Mutaf, Bülent Semerci
Objective: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) which is believed to play a role in atherosclerotic inflammatory process due to its function in hydrolysis of phospholipids and release of pro-inflammatory products, is considered as a novel biomarker for vascular risk. In this study we aimed to investigate the alterations in Lp-PLA2 and its relationship with other cardiovascular risk factors in patients with testosterone deficiency. Material and methods: Forty hypogonadic male and 30 healthy male aged between 18-50 years were enrolled in this study...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
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