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Anesthesia Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632818/benefits-of-islet-transplantation-as-an-alternative-to-pancreas-transplantation-retrospective-study-of-more-than-10-ten-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center
#1
Barbora Voglová, Martina Zahradnická, Peter Girman, Jan Kríž, Zuzana Berková, Tomáš Koblas, Ema Vávrová, Lenka Németová, Lucie Kosinová, David Habart, Eva Fábryová, Eva Dovolilová, Ivan Leontovyc, Tomáš Neškudla, Jan Peregrin, Jozef Kovác, Kvetoslav Lipár, Matej Kocík, Tomáš Marada, Jirí Svoboda, František Saudek
BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation (PTx) represents the method of choice in type 1 diabetic patients with conservatively intractable hypoglycemia unawareness syndrome. In 2005, the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM) launched a program to investigate the safety potential of islet transplantation (ITx) in comparison to PTx. AIM: This study aims to compare the results of PTx and ITx regarding severe hypoglycemia elimination, metabolic control, and complication rate...
2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#2
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625557/-more-than-3-hours-and-less-than-3-years-safety-of-anaesthetic-procedures-in-infants-less-than-3-years-old-subected-to-surgery-for-more-the-3-hours
#3
Julián Álvarez Escudero, Rosa María Paredes Esteban, Francisco José Cambra Lasaosa, Máximo Vento, Maite López Gil, Juan Carlos de Agustín Asencio, María Teresa Moral Pumarega
An FDA alert in December 2016 on the safety of general anesthesia and sedations in patients less than 3 years of age and pregnant women has raised doubts in relation to the attitude that professionals implicated in these procedures should adopt in relation to these specific group of patients. Confronted with this situation, the following medical scientific societies: Sociedad Española de Anestesia y Reanimación (SEDAR), Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica (SECP), Sociedad Española de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos (SECIP) y Sociedad Española de Neonatología (SENeo), have established a working group to analyze and clarify the safety of these techniques...
June 15, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625309/maternal-mortality-and-the-role-of-the-obstetric-anesthesiologist
#4
REVIEW
Gillian Abir, Jill Mhyre
Maternal mortality is increasing in the United States and remains unacceptably high in many parts of the world. Pre-existing conditions and social determinants of health frequently contribute to maternal death. General solutions to enhance maternal safety focus on systems to identify women at high risk and to tailor the management before, during, and after pregnancy. This review highlights condition-specific solutions for the leading etiologies of maternal death, including cardiac disease, sepsis, hemorrhage, venous thromboembolism, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and amniotic fluid embolism...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621297/endoscopic-ultrasound-with-or-without-fine-needle-aspiration-has-a-meaningful-impact-on-clinical-care-in-the-pediatric-population
#5
Amit Raina, Maire A Conrad, Benjamin Sahn, Alireza Sedarat, Gregory G Ginsberg, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Petar Mamula, Michael L Kochman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The safety and utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for the evaluation and management of gastrointestinal (GI) tract disorders among adults has been established. The literature on safety and efficacy in a pediatric referral population (under 21 years of age) is limited. We hypothesized that EUS is safe and useful in the pediatric population. We reviewed the pediatric EUS experience at a single tertiary-care system. We describe the indications, findings, safety, technical success rate, and impact on clinical outcomes...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#6
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615506/modified-protocol-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-is-beneficial-for-chinese-cancer-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#7
Xiaxing Deng, Xi Cheng, Zhen Huo, Yuan Shi, Zhijian Jin, Haoran Feng, Yue Wang, Chenlei Wen, Hao Qian, Ren Zhao, Weihua Qiu, Baiyong Shen, Chenghong Peng
Radical surgical resection remains the only effective treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer. Effective protocols for recovery from post-operative complications that result in high rates of morbidity and mortality are therefore essential. The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is an interdisciplinary multimodal concept based on modern anesthesia and analgesia combined with other fast rehabilitation parameters. It was first applied in the field of elective colorectal surgery, and eventually extended to several surgical diseases...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614125/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-scale-for-emergence-agitation-after-general-anesthesia-in-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Maai Hino, Takahiro Mihara, Saeko Miyazaki, Toshiyuki Hijikata, Takaaki Miwa, Takahisa Goto, Koui Ka
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common complication in children after general anesthesia. The goal of this 2-phase study was (1) to develop a predictive model (EA risk scale) for the incidence of EA in children receiving sevoflurane anesthesia by performing a retrospective analysis of data from our previous study (phase 1) and (2) to determine the validity of the EA risk scale in a prospective observational cohort study (phase 2). METHODS: Using data collected from 120 patients in our previous study, logistic regression analysis was used to predict the incidence of EA in phase 1...
June 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613203/-renal-tumors-percutaneous-ablation-by-microwave-initial-experience
#9
Juan Sebastian Toro-Gutierrez, Juan Jose Espejo-Herrero, Maria Sagrario Lombardo-Galera, Maria Eugenia Pérez-Montilla, Miguel Canis-López, Luis Zurera-Tendero, Juan Manuel Rubio
OBJECTIVE: To analyze retrospectively the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous microwave ablation of solid renal tumors, and also review different approach techniques. METHODS: It is a retrospective study approved by the ethics committee of both hospitals. 14 tumors with a mean size of 37 mm (12-50 mm) were treated in a single session, under general anesthesia and with CT guidance, in 14 patients (9 men) with a mean age of 66 years, using the ablation system AMICA by different approaches (trans pulmonary, trans peritoneal and retroperitoneal)...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611538/breast-conserving-surgery-under-local-anesthesia-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-cardiorespiratory-comorbidities-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#10
Hasan Karanlik, Berkay Kılıç, Ilknur Yıldırım, Süleyman Bademler, Ilker Ozgur, Burak Ilhan, Semen Onder
INTRODUCTION: We report the feasibility and safety of local anesthesia (LA) in patients having breast-conserving surgery (BCS). METHODS: 37 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of 4 having BCS under LA and 54 age-matched subjects with ASA score of 3-4 having BCS under general anesthesia (GA) were included. Patients were retrospectively evaluated for the follow-up duration, duration of surgery, postoperative satisfaction scores (1-10), complication and survival time for locoregional recurrence and overall survival rates...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611336/safety-of-non-anesthesia-provider-administered-propofol-sedation-in-non-advanced-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Basavana Gouda, Gowri Gouda, Anuradha Borle, Akash Singh, Ashish Sinha, Preet M Singh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of non-anesthesia provider (NAPP) administered propofol sedation in patients undergoing non-advanced gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for prospective observational trials involving non-advanced endoscopic procedures. From a total of 608 publications, 25 [colonoscopy (9), upper GI endoscopy (5), and combined procedures (11)] were identified to meet inclusion criteria and were analyzed...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609339/distractions-in-the-anesthesia-work-environment-impact-on-patient-safety-report-of-a-meeting-sponsored-by-the-anesthesia-patient-safety-foundation
#12
Maria van Pelt, Matthew B Weinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607342/continuous-regional-anesthesia-a-review-of-perioperative-outcome-benefits
#13
Dario Bugada, Daniela Ghisi, Edward R Mariano
Routine use of regional anesthesia for patients having surgery is supported by general safety and proven effectiveness as a targeted modality in the prevention and treatment of acute pain. Recently, perioperative physicians have become much more interested in improving long-term outcomes after surgery rather than focusing on the well-established short-term benefits of regional anesthesia. This interest has raised important questions regarding the potential influence of regional anesthesia on morbidity and mortality, persistent pain and cancer prognosis...
June 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607337/safety-aspects-of-desflurane-anesthesia-and-laryngeal-mask-airway
#14
Marco Rossi, Antonio Corcione, Clelia Esposito, Massimo Micaglio, Roberta Monzani, Carlo Ori
Laryngeal mask (LM) and inhaled anesthesia combination is often deemed unsuitable. Actually the evolution of surgical procedures towards minimal invasiveness, the search of improved productivity, and the contemporary need for patient safety and faster recovery, push the anesthetists to get interested in their use in the daily practice. An Expert Panel composed by anesthetists coming from university and tertiary hospitals undertook to write an Expert Opinion on the correct management of LM and desflurane in adult patients, with a view to issuing a simple operative protocol for their combined intraoperative usage...
June 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598918/falls-from-the-o-r-or-procedure-table
#15
Richard C Prielipp, Julia L Weinkauf, Thomas M Esser, Brian J Thomas, Mark A Warner
Patient safety secured by constant vigilance remains a primary responsibility of every anesthesia professional. Although significant attention has been focused on patient falls occurring before and after surgery, a potentially catastrophic complication is when patients fall off an operating room or procedure table during anesthesia care. Because such events are (fortunately) uncommon, and because very little information is published in our literature, we queried 2 independent closed claims databases (the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Project and the secure records of a private, anesthesia specialty-specific liability insurer) for information...
June 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598915/anesthetic-and-obstetric-management-of-syringomyelia-during-labor-and-delivery-a-case-series-and-systematic-review
#16
Gráinne Patricia Garvey, Vibhangini S Wasade, Kellie E Murphy, Mrinalini Balki
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia is a rare, slowly progressive neurological condition characterized by the presence of a syrinx within the spinal cord. Consensus regarding the safest mode of delivery and anesthetic management in patients with syringomyelia remains controversial and presents management dilemmas. This study reviews the cases of syringomyelia at our institution and provides a systematic review of the literature to guide decisions regarding labor and delivery management. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases at our hospital from 2002 to 2014 and a systematic review of the literature from 1946 to 2014 were undertaken...
June 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598913/xenon-as-an-adjuvant-to-propofol-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Layth Al Tmimi, Sarah Devroe, Geertrui Dewinter, Marc Van de Velde, Gert Poortmans, Bart Meyns, Bart Meuris, Mark Coburn, Steffen Rex
BACKGROUND: Xenon was shown to cause less hemodynamic instability and reduce vasopressor needs during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery when compared with conventionally used anesthetics. As xenon exerts its organ protective properties even in subanesthetic concentrations, we hypothesized that in patients undergoing OPCAB surgery, 30% xenon added to general anesthesia with propofol results in superior hemodynamic stability when compared to anesthesia with propofol alone...
June 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597354/pharmacologic-considerations-for-pediatric-sedation-and-anesthesia-outside-the-operating-room-a-review-for-anesthesia-and-non-anesthesia-providers
#18
REVIEW
Narjeet Khurmi, Perene Patel, Molly Kraus, Terrence Trentman
Understanding the pharmacologic options for pediatric sedation outside the operating room will allow practitioners to formulate an ideal anesthetic plan, allaying anxiety and achieving optimal immobilization while ensuring rapid and efficient recovery. The authors identified relevant medical literature by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases for English language publications covering a period from 1984 to 2017. Search terms included pediatric anesthesia, pediatric sedation, non-operating room sedation, sedation safety, and pharmacology...
June 8, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590065/safety-and-efficacy-of-laryngeal-mask-airway-ventilation-in-obese-patients-with-airway-stenosis
#19
D Cole Pourciau, D Peter Hotard, Schuylor Hayley, Kasey Hayley, Collin Sutton, Andrew J McWhorter, Daniel S Fink
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) ventilation in obese patients with airway stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted in an academic practice in a tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience using LMA ventilation in obese patients with airway stenosis. Lowest intraoperative O2 saturation and maximum-end tidal carbon dioxide (CO2 ) levels were recorded. Complications including intubation, unplanned admission, re-admission, postoperative pain, dysphonia, oral trauma, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and tracheostomy were recorded...
June 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587747/flexible-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-stenosis-in-children-with-noninvasive-ventilation-support
#20
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Wen-Jue Soong, Mei-Jy Jeng, Yu-Sheng Lee, Pei-Chen Tsao, Ya-Ling Chou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stenosis (ES) is characterized by dysphagia, failure to thrive, and long-term disability. It requires repeated management because it is refractory. Traditionally, these procedures are performed under general anesthesia with airway intubation. PURPOSE: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of the management of interventional flexible endoscopy (IFE) performed with a novel noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support. METHODS: Use of a short-length flexible endoscope with NIV of pharyngeal oxygen, nose closure, and abdominal compression during IFE was investigated...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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