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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792926/prediction-of-midlife-hand-osteoarthritis-in-young-men
#1
Karin Magnusson, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Simon Timpka, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: Improved prediction modeling in osteoarthritis (OA) may encourage risk reduction through calculation of individual and population lifetime risks. There are currently no prediction models for hand OA. Thus, we aimed to i) develop a prediction model for hand OA in men and ii) to contrast its discriminative performance to a prediction model for lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We included 40 118 men aged 18 years undergoing mandatory conscription in Sweden 1969-70...
May 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792853/preoperative-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-in-gynecologic-oncology-patients
#2
Ross F Harrison, Erin E Medlin, Chase B Petersen, Stephen L Rose, Ellen M Hartenbach, David M Kushner, Ryan J Spencer, Laurel W Rice, Ahmed N Al-Niaimi
BACKGROUND: Women with a gynecologic cancer tend to be older, obese, and postmenopausal, characteristics that are associated with an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea. However, there is limited investigation regarding the condition's prevalence in this population or its impact on postoperative outcomes. In other surgical populations, patients with obstructive sleep apnea have been observed to be at increased risk for adverse postoperative events. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea among gynecologic oncology patients undergoing elective surgery and to investigate for a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and postoperative outcomes...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792232/effect-of-postoperative-goal-directed-therapy-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-high-risk-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial-and-meta-analysis
#3
Aline Rejane Muller Gerent, Juliano Pinheiro Almeida, Evgeny Fominskiy, Giovanni Landoni, Gisele Queiroz de Oliveira, Stephanie Itala Rizk, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Claudia Marques Simoes, Ulysses Ribeiro, Clarice Lee Park, Rosana Ely Nakamura, Rafael Alves Franco, Patricia Inês Cândido, Cintia Rosa Tavares, Ligia Camara, Graziela Dos Santos Rocha Ferreira, Elisangela Pinto Marinho de Almeida, Roberto Kalil Filho, Filomena Regina Barbosa Gomes Galas, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar
BACKGROUND: Perioperative goal-directed hemodynamic therapy (GDHT) has been advocated in high-risk patients undergoing noncardiac surgery to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that using cardiac index (CI)-guided GDHT in the postoperative period for patients undergoing high-risk surgery for cancer treatment would reduce 30-day mortality and postoperative complications. METHODS: A randomized, parallel-group, superiority trial was performed in a tertiary oncology hospital...
May 23, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792203/short-term-outcomes-of-robot-assisted-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#4
Haiqi He, Qifei Wu, Zhe Wang, Yong Zhang, Nanzheng Chen, Junke Fu, Guangjian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) was shown to be effective in reducing the morbidity and was adopted increasingly. The robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) remains in the initial stage of application. This study evaluated its safety and feasibility by comparing short-term outcomes of RAMIE and video-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (VAMIE). METHODS: Between March 2016 and December 2017, 115 consecutive patients underwent RAMIE or VAMIE at our institute...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792200/wedge-shaped-microfluidic-chip-for-circulating-tumor-cells-isolation-and-its-clinical-significance-in-gastric-cancer
#5
Chaogang Yang, Nangang Zhang, Shuyi Wang, Dongdong Shi, Chunxiao Zhang, Kan Liu, Bin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have great potential in both basic research and clinical application for the managements of cancer. However, the complicated fabrication processes and expensive materials of the existing CTCs isolation devices, to a large extent, limit their clinical translation and CTCs' clinical value. Therefore, it remains to be urgently needed to develop a new platform for achieving CTCs detection with low-cost, mass-producible but high performance. METHODS: In the present study, we introduced a novel wedge-shaped microfluidic chip (named CTC-ΔChip) fabricated by two pieces of glass through wet etching and thermal bonding technique for CTCs isolation, which achieved CTCs enrichment by different size without cell surface expression markers and CTCs identification with three-color immunocytochemistry method (CK+/CD45-/Nucleus+)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792183/estimated-intraoperative-blood-loss-correlates-with-postoperative-cardiopulmonary-complications-and-length-of-stay-in-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Shuangjiang Li, Kun Zhou, Yutian Lai, Cheng Shen, Yanming Wu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to estimate the influence of estimated intraoperative blood loss (EIBL) on postoperative cardiopulmonary complications (PCCs) in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis on the clinical data of consecutive patients in our institution between April 2015 and February 2016. Demographic differences between PCC group and non-PCC group were initially assessed...
May 23, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792136/zinc-dependent-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-in-cancer-therapeutics-recent-update
#7
Panagiotis I Georgianos, Maria Divani, Theodoros Eleftheriadis, Peter R Mertens, Vassilios Liakopoulos
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal management of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) with intensive glycemic control and administration of agents blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system, the residual risk for nephropathy progression to end-stage-renal-disease (ESRD) remains high. Sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT-2)-inhibitors represent a newly-introduced anti-diabetic drug class with pleiotropic actions extending above their glucose-lowering efficacy. Herein, we provide an overview of preclinical and clinical-trial evidence supporting a protective effect of SGLT-2 inhibitors on DKD...
May 23, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792044/annals-express-an-assessment-of-the-effect-of-haemoglobin-variants-on-detection-by-faecal-immunochemical-tests
#8
Magdalen Romany Rowan Carroll, Cerin John, Debbie Mantio, Natasha Djedovic, Sally C Benton
BACKGROUND: Faecal immunochemical tests (FIT) for haemoglobin (Hb) are being used in the investigation of colorectal cancer. These tests use antibodies raised to the globin moiety of human Hb. Where the globin structure is abnormal or reduced, it is possible that antibody binding, and thus Hb-detection may be affected. METHODS: Lysates prepared from whole blood samples of patients with known variants, were diluted in manufacturer specific buffer to 10, 100, and 500 µg Hb/g faeces...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791867/longitudinal-assessment-of-chemotherapy-induced-changes-in-brain-and-cognitive-functioning-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mingmei Li, Karen Caeyenberghs
In addition to the burden of a life-threatening diagnosis, cancer patients are struggling with adverse side-effects from cancer treatment. Chemotherapy has been linked to an array of cognitive impairments and alterations in brain structure and function ("chemobrain"). In this review, we summarized the existing evidence that evaluate the changes in cognitive functioning and brain with chemotherapy, as assessed using structural and functional MRI-based techniques in a longitudinal design. This review followed the latest PRISMA guidelines using Embase, Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science databases with date restrictions from 2012-2017...
May 20, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791241/neutrophil-mediated-delivery-of-pixantrone-loaded-liposomes-decorated-with-poly-sialic-acid-octadecylamine-conjugate-for-lung-cancer-treatment
#10
Xiang Luo, Ling Hu, Huangliang Zheng, Mingqi Liu, Xinrong Liu, Cong Li, Qiujun Qiu, Zitong Zhao, Xiaobo Cheng, Chaoyang Lai, Yuqing Su, Yihui Deng, Yanzhi Song
Poly(sialic acid) (PSA) is a natural hydrophilic biodegradable and non-immunogenic biopolymer, receptors for its monomer are expressed on peripheral blood neutrophils (PBNs), which plays important roles in the progression and invasion of tumors. A poly(sialic acid)-octadecylamine conjugate (PSA-ODA) was synthesized and then anchor it on the surface of liposomal pixantrone (Pix-PSL), to achieve an improved anticancer effect. The liposomes were prepared using a remote loading method via a pH gradient, and then assessed for particle size, zeta potential encapsulation efficiency, in vitro release, and in vitro cytotoxicity...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791130/quantification-of-serum-high-mobility-group-box-1-by-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-implications-for-its-role-in-immunity-inflammation-and-cancer
#11
Liwei Weng, Lili Guo, Anil Vachani, Clementina A Mesaros, Ian Alexander Blair
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), is a non-histone chromosomal protein, which can be secreted through a variety of pathways and bind to pattern recognition receptors to release pro-inflammatory cytokines. Previous studies have suggested that HMGB1 is up-regulated in numerous inflammatory diseases and that it could be a biomarker for such diseases. However, these studies used immunoassay-based methods to analyze serum HMGB1. Autoantibodies to HMGB1 in serum are found in healthy control subjects as well as in patients with different diseases...
May 23, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790821/effects-of-immuno-related-gene-polymorphisms-on-a-bispecific-antibody-targeting-colorectal-cancer-cell
#12
Cong-Min Zhang, Lin-Yu Yu, Jin-Feng Lv, Liang Gong, Hong-Hao Zhou, Xiao-Ping Chen, Lan Fan
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents the third most common type of cancer and the third leading cause of death from cancer around the world. M701 is a CD3/EpCAM bispecific antibody that shows promising cytotoxicity toward CRC cells. AIM: To investigate the influence of immuno-related gene polymorphisms on M701 mediated cytotoxicity to CRC cell HCT116. METHOD: We analyzed the influence of the effect of M701 on the activation and cytotoxicity of peripheral mononuclear blood cells from 129 healthy volunteers with different genotypes...
May 23, 2018: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790741/entrapment-of-prostate-cancer-circulating-tumor-cells-with-a-sequential-size-based-microfluidic-chip
#13
Xiang Ren, Brittni Foster, Parham Ghassemi, Jeannine S Strobl, Bethany A Kerr, Masoud Agah
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are broadly accepted as an indicator for early cancer diagnosis and disease severity. However, there is currently no reliable method available to capture and enumerate all CTCs as most systems require either an initial CTC isolation or antibody-based capture for CTC enumeration. Many size-based CTC detection and isolation microfluidic platforms were presented in the past few years. Here we describe a new size-based, multiple-row cancer cell entrapment device that captured LNCaP-C4-2 prostate cancer cells with >95% efficiency when in spiked mouse whole blood at ~50 cells/mL...
May 23, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790466/association-of-anger-expression-out-with-nk-cell-counts-in-colorectal-cancer-patients
#14
Estela Kakoo-Brioso, Luís Costa, Sílvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence describing the relation between psychological factors and the progression of colorectal cancer. Several mechanisms have been proposed but the one showing more promising evidence relies on the modulation of the antitumoral immune response by psychological factors, particularly through natural killer cells. We aimed to study the relation between natural killer cell count and anxiety, depression and anger state, trait and expression in 54 pre-surgical colorectal cancer patients...
March 29, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790306/the-role-of-novel-prognostic-markers-prox1-and-foxc2-in-carcinogenesis-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Neha S Agnihotri, Madhusudan Astekar
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the head and neck regions and accounts for more than 90% of cancers in the oral cavity. The angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and epithelial mesenchymal transition are known to be pivotal for tumor progression and metastasis. In the last decade, much data has been generated concerning the molecular mechanisms of angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and its significance in pathological conditions. The main angiogenic and lymphangiogenic factors have been identified as vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), forkhead box (FOX) C2 while vascular endothelial growth factor C/D (VEGF-C/D), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3), Prospero homeobox 1 (PROX1), LYVE-1, podoplanin, Tie/Angioprotein (Ang) 2 and EphrinB2 respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790099/the-changes-underwent-by-free-fat-pads-used-for-pulmonary-air-leakage-repair
#16
Isao Matsumoto, Makoto Oda, Hiroko Ikeda, Keiichi Kimura, Masaya Tamura, Hirofumi Takemura
The use of free fat pads is effective for repairing pulmonary air leakage clinically. It has been reported that the free pericardial fat pad (FPFP) used to repair the lung remained at the transplanted site in many cases according to images. However, no information is available regarding what type of actual changes these free fat pads with no blood supply undergo. We examined changes in an FPFP that was used to repair pulmonary air leakage in a patient who underwent a surgery for lung cancer 1 year ago. Although the FPFP transplanted to the pleural defect remained without deforming morphologically in this patient 1 year after the first surgery, pathological findings suggested fat necrosis surrounded by fibrous tissue...
May 22, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790061/acute-bleeding-obstruction-pancreatitis-after-roux-en-y-anastomosis-in-total-gastrectomy-a-single-center-experience
#17
J Weindelmayer, S Laiti, R La Mendola, M Bencivenga, L Scorsone, V Mengardo, S Giacopuzzi
Anastomotic intraluminal bleeding is a well-known complication after total gastrectomy. Nevertheless, few data are published on acute bleeding obstruction pancreatitis (BOP) due to a bleeding from the jejunojejunostomy (JJ). In this paper we describe our experience. A total of 140 gastrectomies for EGJ cancer were performed in our Institute from January 2012 to January 2017. All reconstructions were performed with a Roux-en-Y anastomosis: a mechanical end-to-side esophago-jejunostomy and a mechanical end-to-side JJ...
May 22, 2018: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790047/ascorbic-acid-inhibits-cadmium-induced-disruption-of-the-blood-testis-barrier-by-regulating-oxidative-stress-mediated-p38-mapk-pathways
#18
Na Chen, Ping Su, Mei Wang, Ya-Min Li
Ascorbic acid (AA), one of the best-known reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers, exhibits numerous functions such as antioxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Increasing evidence demonstrates that oxidative stress plays an important role in testicular toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of AA against cadmium (Cd)-induced blood-testis barrier (BTB) disruption. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups: the Cd-treated group received a single dose (s...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789907/can-quantitative-iodine-parameters-on-dect-replace-perfusion-ct-parameters-in-colorectal-cancers
#19
Hyo-Jin Kang, Se Hyung Kim, Jae Seok Bae, Sun Kyung Jeon, Joon Koo Han
OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlation between iodine concentrations derived from dual-energy CT (DECT) and perfusion CT (PCT) parameters in patients with pathologically proven colorectal cancers (CRC) and to evaluate their reproducibility and respective radiation exposures. METHODS: Institutional review board approval and written informed consents were obtained for this study. Forty-one patients with CRCs who underwent same-day DECT and PCT were prospectively enrolled...
May 22, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789774/pilot-study-of-dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-change-in-c-reactive-protein-cortisol-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-cancer-survivors
#20
Jeanette M Ricci, Victoria Flores, Isabela Kuroyama, Arash Asher, Heather P Tarleton
Fatigue, stress, and depression contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. This study examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on HRQoL and biomarkers of stress. Cancer survivors ( n  = 76, 91% female, 39% breast cancer, 32% gynecologic cancer) were enrolled in CART for three 60-min sessions, weekly, for 26 weeks. Participants completed the National Institutes of Health's Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (NIH PROMIS) fatigue assessment and the SF-36...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
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