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University of british columbia

David J Bond, Ana C Andreazza, John Hughes, Taj Dhanoa, Ivan J Torres, Jan-Marie Kozicky, L Trevor Young, Raymond W Lam, Lakshmi N Yatham
OBJECTIVE: There is a bidirectional relationship between obesity and mood disorders, with each increasing the risk of developing the other. This relationship suggests that they have overlapping pathophysiologic mechanisms. Adipose tissue-derived hormones, or adipokines, regulate appetite and metabolism and have activity in limbic brain regions, making them potential shared etiologic factors between elevated body mass index (BMI) and mood disorders. However, the precise relationships between BMI, mood, and adipokines are unknown...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Arnold L Demain, Evan Martens
We are pleased to dedicate this paper to Dr Julian E Davies. Julian is a giant among microbial biochemists. He began his professional career as an organic chemistry PhD student at Nottingham University, moved on to a postdoctoral fellowship at Columbia University, then became a lecturer at the University of Manchester, followed by a fellowship in microbial biochemistry at Harvard Medical School. In 1965, he studied genetics at the Pasteur Institute, and 2 years later joined the University of Wisconsin in the Department of Biochemistry...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
M Eder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Samuel I Miller
The Gram-negative outer membrane is an important barrier that provides protection against toxic compounds, which include antibiotics and host innate immune molecules such as cationic antimicrobial peptides. Recently, significant research progress has been made in understanding the biogenesis, regulation, and functioning of the outer membrane, including a recent paper from the laboratory of Dr. Brett Finlay at the University of British Columbia (J. van der Heijden et al., mBio 7:e01238-16, 2016, http://dx.doi...
September 27, 2016: MBio
Vincent Chen Ye, Ryojo Akagami
BACKGROUND: Our study evaluated the perioperative quality of life (QoL) in Cushing's disease (CD) patients, along with correlations between patient variables and cure rate. METHODS: The 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF)-36 questionnaire was used to assess perioperative QoL. Patients completed one survey preoperatively and two surveys postoperatively. Retrospective chart review was conducted to collect SF-36 data as well as examine variables including: age, hospital stay, size of tumour, pathological diagnosis, timing of cure, and complication rates...
September 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Angela Ting
Extract: Halfway through my third year in college, I still had not decided on a career path. I toyed with the idea of going to law school to become an intellectual property lawyer. I considered further training to become a genetic counselor. I also attended several career opportunity seminars by notable consulting firms. None of these possibilities really excited me. Coincidentally, I had started attending a superb journal club led by Dr. Carl Douglas at the University of British Columbia. By far, it was one of the most enjoyable classes I had taken because we were reading and discussing research studies that were pushing the frontiers of knowledge...
September 7, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Abigail R A Aiken, Carolyn L Westhoff, James Trussell, Paula M Castaño
CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy is a universal benchmark for reproductive health, but whether variations reflect differences in measurement and how well measures predict pregnancy outcomes warrant further examination. U.S. and British measures of unintended and unplanned pregnancy offer a useful comparison. METHODS: Some 220 women seeking pregnancy testing at the Columbia University Medical Center in 2005 responded to three pregnancy measures: a binary timing-based measure of unintended pregnancy (TMUP); a multi-item measure of timing-based intentions and planning behaviors, the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP); and a measure combining intentions (from the TMUP) and how women would feel about a positive pregnancy test...
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Cristina M Caperchione, Catherine M Sabiston, Marianne I Clark, Joan L Bottorff, Renee Toxopeus, Kristin L Campbell, Neil D Eves, Susan L Ellard, Carolyn Gotay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is a cost-effective and non-pharmaceutical strategy that can help mitigate the physical and psychological health challenges associated with breast cancer survivorship. However, up to 70% of women breast cancer survivors are not meeting minimum recommended physical activity guidelines. Project MOVE is an innovative approach to increase physical activity among breast cancer survivors through the use of Action Grants, a combination of microgrants (small amounts of money awarded to groups of individuals to support a physical activity initiative) and financial incentives...
2016: BMJ Open
J N Walton, K Gardner, J Aleksejuniene
INTRODUCTION: The University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry developed a longitudinal curriculum pilot project to assess the usefulness of portfolios for dental students to develop reflective skills and demonstrate competency development, and to examine relationships between portfolio grades and clinical success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students in one dental class created portfolios with reflections on examples relevant to eight selected competency statements each year of the program...
May 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Vicki Adams
Vicki Adams grew up in Vancouver, Canada, and graduated with a degree in animal science from the University of British Columbia before being accepted into vet school in Saskatchewan. Her animal science background has given her the population perspective that is so important in epidemiology and she now runs her own consulting company, Vet Epi.
August 13, 2016: Veterinary Record
Yoko Mizuno, Ross Bryant, Tomoya Gonda
PURPOSE: The partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP) is used widely to replace missing teeth, but it can disturb the ecology of the mouth. In this retrospective cohort study, the null hypothesis was that there was no difference between tooth loss and the type of edentulous spaces in participants wearing PRDPs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were selected from patients who were treated consecutively with PRDPs between January 2003 and December 2006 by undergraduate dental students at the University of British Columbia and attended the clinic for at least 5 years following placement of the PRDP...
July 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
F Hal Ebetino, R Graham G Russell, David J Valent, Nelson B Watts
"Dave" Francis, our cherished friend and colleague, died on May 10, 2016, a day after his 93(rd) birthday. He made major scientific discoveries in the dental and medical fields that improved the lives of millions of people around the world. Dave was born in Vancouver, gained his Bachelor's degree in physics and chemistry at the University of British Columbia followed by a Master's degree in analytical chemistry at UBC and a doctorate in biophysical chemistry at the University of Iowa in 1951. This article is protected by copyright...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Ryan P Lee, Garrett T Venable, Mallory L Roberts, Kara A Parikh, Douglas R Taylor, Nickalus Khan, L Madison Michael, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: We recently performed a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of 103 US neurosurgical departments and found the ih(5)-index as meaningful and reproducible using public data. The present report expands this analysis by adding 14 Canadian and 2 additional US programs. METHODS: Departments were included if listed on the American Association of Neurological Surgeons residency directory. Each institution was considered a single entity, and original research articles with neurosurgeon faculty authors were only counted once per institution, although a single article may have been credited toward multiple institutions, if applicable...
July 25, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Reg Fountain
In the event of a major earthquake affecting the lower mainland of British Columbia, the University of British Columbia (UBC) would be expected to provide emergency services and support to a population of over 51,000 students, 14,000 faculty and staff and over 10,000 UBC community residents and private companies who live and work on the Point Grey peninsula. This paper will detail how UBC would provide shelter, food, accommodation and support (together known as mass care) to this demographic.
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
Wenjia Chen, Larry D Lynd, J Mark FitzGerald, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: Despite Canada's provision of universal health coverage, socioeconomic barriers to good-quality health care remain. Asthma provides an appropriate case study given its high prevalence, availability of effective controller therapies, and known variations in care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the extent of differences in the economic burden of asthma and indicators of guideline-based care across socioeconomic status (SES) gradients. RESEARCH DESIGN: A total of 29,283 adults with moderate to severe asthma were identified from British Columbia's administrative health data for the year 1997-2013 and were matched to adults without asthma on the basis of sex and age...
August 2016: Medical Care
Mariana Brussoni, M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Christopher E Lalonde, Rod McCormick
BACKGROUND: Disparities in injury rates between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in British Columbia (BC) are well established. Information regarding the influence of residence on disparities is scarce. We sought to fill these gaps by examining hospitalization rates for all injuries, unintentional injuries and intentional injuries across 24 years among i) Aboriginal and total populations; ii) populations living in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas; and iii) Aboriginal populations living on- and off-reserve...
2016: BMC Public Health
William Shotyk, Beatriz Bicalho, Chad W Cuss, M John M Duke, Tommy Noernberg, Rick Pelletier, Eiliv Steinnes, Claudio Zaccone
Sphagnum fuscum was collected from twenty-five ombrotrophic (rain-fed) peat bogs surrounding open pit mines and upgrading facilities of Athabasca Bituminous Sands (ABS) in northern Alberta (AB) in order to assess the extent of atmospheric contamination by trace elements. As a control, this moss species was also collected at a bog near Utikuma (UTK) in an undeveloped part of AB and 264km SW of the ABS region. For comparison, this moss was also collected in central AB, in the vicinity of the City of Edmonton which is approximately 500km to the south of the ABS region, from the Wagner Wetland which is 22km W of the City, from Seba Beach (ca...
July 2016: Environment International
Martin Guhn, Magdalena Janus, Jennifer Enns, Marni Brownell, Barry Forer, Eric Duku, Nazeem Muhajarine, Rob Raos
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood is a key period to establish policies and practices that optimise children's health and development, but Canada lacks nationally representative data on social indicators of children's well-being. To address this gap, the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher-administered questionnaire completed for kindergarten-age children, has been implemented across most Canadian provinces over the past 10 years. The purpose of this protocol is to describe the Canadian Neighbourhoods and Early Child Development (CanNECD) Study, the aims of which are to create a pan-Canadian EDI database to monitor trends over time in children's developmental health and to advance research examining the social determinants of health...
2016: BMJ Open
Ariadna Fernandez, Leslie Sadownik, Sarka Lisonkova, Geoffrey Cundiff, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: To identify the determinants of research engagement among faculty in an academic department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. METHODS: All members of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of British Columbia were mailed an online version of the Edmonton Research Orientation Survey (EROS) in 2011 and in 2014. High scores on overall research engagement and on each of the 4 subscales, namely, value of research, value of innovation, research involvement and research utilization/evidence-based practice were quantified...
2016: BMC Medical Education
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