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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576514/toward-zero-waste-events-reducing-contamination-in-waste-streams-with-volunteer-assistance
#1
Ivana Zelenika, Tara Moreau, Jiaying Zhao
Public festivals and events generate a tremendous amount of waste, especially when they involve food and drink. To reduce contamination across waste streams, we evaluated three types of interventions at a public event. In a randomized control trial, we examined the impact of volunteer staff assistance, bin tops, and sample 3D items with bin tops, on the amount of contamination and the weight of the organics, recyclable containers, paper, and garbage bins at a public event. The event was the annual Apple Festival held at the University of British Columbia, which was attended by around 10,000 visitors...
March 22, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570556/province-wide-biliary-atresia-home-screening-program-in-british-columbia-evaluation-of-first-two-years
#2
Jessica P Woolfson, Richard A Schreiber, Alison E Butler, Julie MacFarlane, Janusz Kaczorowski, Lisa Masucci, Stirling Bryan, J P Collet
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA), a rare newborn liver disease, is the leading cause of liver-related death in children. Early disease recognition and timely surgical Kasai hepatoportoenterostomy (KP) offers long-term survival without liver transplant. Universal BA screening in Taiwan using infant stool color cards (ISCCs) has proven effectiveness. We report our experience with ISCC BA screening in a province-wide program in British Columbia (BC). OBJECTIVES: To assess program performance and cost from launch April 1, 2014-March 31, 2016...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550783/study-protocol-for-vitality-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-training-or-complex-mental-and-social-activities-to-promote-cognition-in-adults-with-chronic-stroke
#3
John R Best, Janice J Eng, Jennifer C Davis, Robin Hsiung, Peter A Hall, Laura E Middleton, Peter Graf, Charles H Goldsmith, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease-such as stroke-is the second most common cause of dementia (ie, vascular dementia). Specifically, a stroke increases one's risk for dementia by a factor of two. Thus, stroke survivors represent a target population in need of intervention strategies to promote cognitive function and prevent dementia. The current standard of care in stroke rehabilitation does not adequately address the significant cognitive consequences of stroke, especially for those who are in the chronic phase (ie, >12 months since an index stroke)...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540458/universal-genotyping-for-tuberculosis-prevention-programs-a-five-year-comparison-with-on-request-genotyping
#4
Jennifer L Guthrie, Clare Kong, David Roth, Danielle Jorgensen, Mabel Rodrigues, Patrick Tang, Maichael Thejoe, Kevin Elwood, Victoria J Cook, James Johnston, Jennifer L Gardy
Prospective universal genotyping of tuberculosis (TB) isolates is used by many laboratories to detect clusters of cases and inform contact investigations. Prior to universal genotyping, most TB prevention programs genotyped isolates on request only, relying on requests from public health professionals whose knowledge of a patient's clinical, demographic, and epidemiological characteristics suggested potential transmission. To justify the switch from on-request to universal genotyping - particularly in the public health domain, with its limited resources and competing priorities - it is important to demonstrate the additional benefit provided by a universal genotyping program...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513211/sterilization-of-ceramic-sharpening-stones
#5
Colin B Wiebe, Bonnie J Hoath, Gethin Owen, Jiarui Bi, Georgios Giannelis, Hannu S Larjava
Traditionally, periodontal hand instruments are honed or sharpened during patient care as they dull easily during contact with enamel, calculus and cementum. This approach is taught in dental and hygiene schools around the world and remains the standard of care. Recently, some professional organizations have questioned whether this practice should be abandoned because of safety issues. Questions have been raised whether sharpening stones can be properly sterilized and whether the sharpening of contaminated instruments poses a health hazard for the provider...
September 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506739/chronic-kidney-damage-in-the-adult-fontan-population
#6
D Lee, A Levin, M Kiess, G Sexsmith, S Chakrabarti, A Barlow, D Human, J Grewal
OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine the accuracy of estimated GFR (eGFR) as compared to directly measured GFR (mGFR) in the adult Fontan population; 2) to determine the true prevalence of chronic kidney damage (CKD) as determined by uACR AND eGFR. METHODS: Prospective study of 81 patients Fontan patients (≥18years) followed at St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia. CKD-EPI and MDRD equations used to calculate eGFR, mGFR determined by99m Tc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging and urine albumin to creatinine ratios were calculated...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504442/educational-leadership-during-a-decade-of-medical-curricular-innovation-and-renewal
#7
Karen E Pinder, Jennifer A Shabbits
BACKGROUND: The past decade has witnessed successful expansion, distribution and curricular renewal at the University of British Columbia (UBC) medical school. The expansion and distribution of the medical program doubled enrollment and established the first North American medical school training students across multiple geographical locations. The more recent competency-based curriculum renewal demonstrates sustained innovation within UBC medicine. AIMS: This paper describes that a significant contributor to these successes has been a team of teaching faculty whose exclusive roles have been providing curricular support...
March 5, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455071/the-use-of-satellite-data-to-measure-ultraviolet-b-penetrance-and-its-potential-association-with-age-of-multiple-sclerosis-onset
#8
Ofer Amram, Nadine Schuurman, Ellen Randall, Feng Zhu, Jameelah Saeedi, Peter Rieckmann, Irene Yee, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated an association between low Ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure and an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). Few studies, however, have explored whether UVB exposure is associated with the age at MS symptom onset. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the potential association between cumulative early life ambient UVB exposure and age at MS onset, using satellite data to measure ambient UVB exposure. METHODS: Adult onset MS patients were selected from the University of British Columbia's MS genetic database (1980-2005)...
February 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411629/clinical-texting-among-medical-trainees-of-the-university-of-british-columbia
#9
Danny Guo, Nam Phan, Kendall Ho, John Pawlovich, Neil Kitson
We believe cellphone text messages are commonly used in medical practice whether in rural or urban settings and that clinical photos are often attached to them. Our interest is the use of this technology to provide dermatology service to rural and remote British Columbia. Concern has been expressed about the security of confidential information and adequacy of privacy protection in such an application. We have found little published information about the extent of texting in rural and remote settings (and none in our jurisdiction) or the number and nature of privacy breaches that have actually occurred as a result...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410142/a-randomized-multi-center-study-assessing-the-educational-impact-of-a-computerized-interactive-hysterectomy-trainer-on-gynecology-residents
#10
Allan S Lichtman, William Parker, Barbara Goff, Neeraj Mehra, Eliane M Shore, Guylaine Lefebvre, Alexander Chiang, John Lenihan, Henk W R Schreuder
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess improvement of cognitive surgical knowledge of laparoscopic hysterectomy in post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 gynecology residents who used an interactive computer-based Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Trainer. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective, randomized, controlled study (Canadian Taskforce Classification I). SETTING: Five Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Keck School of Medicine of USC; University of California-Los Angeles; University of Washington; University of British Columbia; University of Toronto...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394462/sex-ethnic-and-age-specific-centile-curves-for-pqct-and-hr-pqct-derived-measures-of-bone-structure-and-strength-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
Leigh Gabel, Lindsay A Nettlefold, Heather M Macdonald, Heather A McKay
There are presently no adolescent centile curves for bone parameters at the tibial midshaft using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) or at the distal radius and tibia using high-resolution pQCT (HR-pQCT). Thus, we aimed to develop sex-, ethnic-, site- and age-specific centile curves for pQCT and HR-pQCT-derived bone outcomes for youth and young adults aged 10-21 years. We acquired pQCT scans (XCT3000) at the tibial midshaft (50% site) and HR-pQCT scans (XtremeCT, Scanco Medical) at the distal radius (7% site) and tibia (8% site) in a convenience sample of participants in the mixed-longitudinal University of British Columbia Healthy Bones III Study...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373595/hospitalizations-due-to-unintentional-transport-injuries-among-aboriginal-population-of-british-columbia-canada-incidence-changes-over-time-and-ecological-analysis-of-risk-markers
#12
Mariana Brussoni, M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Ofer Amram, Rod McCormick, Christopher E Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Indigenous people have disproportionately higher rates of transport injuries. We examined disparities in injury-related hospitalizations resulting from transport incidents for three population groups in British Columbia (BC): total population, Aboriginal off-reserve, and Aboriginal on-reserve populations. We also examined sociodemographic, geographic and ethnic risk markers for disparities. METHODS: We identified Aboriginal people through BC's universal health care insurance plan insurance premium group and birth and death record notations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354195/senior-medical-students-awareness-of-radiation-risks-from-common-diagnostic-imaging-examinations
#13
Elena Scali, John Mayo, Savvas Nicolaou, Michael Kozoriz, Silvia Chang
Background: Senior medical students represent future physicians who commonly refer patients for diagnostic imaging studies that may involve ionizing radiation. The radiology curriculum at the University of British Columbia provides students with broad-based knowledge about common imaging examinations. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' awareness of radiation exposures and risks. Methods: An anonymous multiple-choice cross-sectional questionnaire was distributed to final year medical students to assess knowledge of radiation from common diagnostic examinations and radiation-related risks following completion of the longitudinal radiology curriculum, carried out over the four years of medical training...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#14
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236131/trends-in-incidence-and-long-term-outcomes-of-myelomeningocele-in-british-columbia
#15
Taylor North, Alexander Cheong, Paul Steinbok, Julia Ae Radic
PURPOSE: Myelomeningocele is typically a disabling condition that results in neurologic, orthopedic, and urologic morbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the trends over time in both incidence and outcomes of myelomeningocele (MMC) in British Columbia (BC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all children with MMC followed in the British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) Spinal Cord Clinic between 1971 and 2016. The incidence of new MMC cases and the long-term outcomes of MMC were compared between two 10-year cohorts...
April 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200837/the-relationship-of-ssri-and-snri-usage-with-interstitial-lung-disease-and-bronchiectasis-in-an-elderly-population-a-case-control-study
#16
Ted Rosenberg, Rory Lattimer, Patrick Montgomery, Christian Wiens, Liran Levy
Background: The association between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSRI/SNRI) has been previously described in published case reports. However, its prevalence may be more common than expected. We examined the association between SSRI/SNRI usage and presence of ILD and or bronchiectasis (ILD/B) in an elderly population. Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series and case-control study involving all 296 eligible elderly patients in one primary care geriatric practice in Victoria, BC, Canada...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184379/neurotransmitters-and-sodium-channelopathies-possible-link
#17
COMMENT
Michael F Hammer, Alejandra D C Encinas
Investigators from the University of British Columbia, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, and the National Hospital reported their findings on neurotransmitter deficiencies in two patients with mutations in voltage-gated sodium genes ( SCN2A and SCN8A ) discovered by whole exome sequencing.
November 2017: Pediatric Neurology Briefs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120104/ethnicity-and-effectively-maintained-inequality-in-bc-universities
#18
Robert Sweet, Karen Robson, Maria Adamuti-Trache
As Canadian postsecondary systems have expanded they have become more institutionally differentiated. In British Columbia, distinctions are made between research-intensive universities (RIUs) and teaching-intensive universities with respect to resources, programming, and perceived prestige value. We employ an effectively maintained inequality framework to examine the role played by ethnicity in the competition for admission to RIUs. Our findings indicate that, together with socioeconomic status and gender, ethnicity is significantly related to RIU attendance rates...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054508/unknown-antenatal-hiv-infection-status-has-declined-over-time-in-british-columbia-canada
#19
Amy L Slogrove, Julie A Bettinger, Patricia Janssen
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether the proportion of pregnant women with unknown antenatal HIV-infection status is declining over time in British Columbia (BC) and whether associated factors are amenable to intervention. METHODS: Through a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries in the British Columbia Perinatal Data Registry from 2005 to 2011, we examined the association between year of delivery and no recorded antenatal HIV test result. The trend in unknown antenatal HIV-infection status over time was evaluated by the Cochran-Mantel-Haenzsel test and multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the odds of unknown antenatal HIV-infection status by year of delivery...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048508/characterizing-human-immunodeficiency-virus-antiretroviral-therapy-interruption-and-resulting-disease-progression-using-population-level-data-in-british-columbia-1996-2015
#20
Linwei Wang, Jeong Eun Min, Xiao Zang, Paul Sereda, Richard P Harrigan, Julio S G Montaner, Bohdan Nosyk
Background: Suboptimal retention is among the biggest challenges to realize the full benefits of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). We aimed to describe ART interruption patterns and identify determinants of disease progression while off ART in British Columbia, Canada. Methods: With population-level data on ART utilization and laboratory testing in British Columbia (1996-2015), we described the timing, frequency, and duration of ART interruptions (a gap of ≥90 days in ART dispensation records)...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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