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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326219/a-case-of-spontaneous-transdiaphragmatic-intercostal-hernia-with-contralateral-injury-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alexander A Chapman, Steven B Duff
This case report discusses the diagnosis and management of a 67-year-old male presenting with a spontaneous transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia with contralateral intercostal hernia. The patient had a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations requiring multiple prolonged courses of steroids. The patient was ultimately diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) and underwent surgical repair via thoracotomy with primary repair of the diaphragmatic defect. The patient's postoperative course was uncomplicated...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325974/report-of-platythomisus-octomaculatus-c-l-koch-1845-and-platythomisus-sudeepi-biswas-1977-from-india-araneae-thomisidae
#2
Swara Yadav, Vinayak Patil, Vijay Anand Ismavel
BACKGROUND: The genus Platythomisus Doleschall, 1859 presently comprises 13 valid species, nine known from Africa and four from Asia. All Platythomisus species are known from females only, except P. jucundus Thorell, 1894 and P. sudeepi Biswas, 1977 from both sexes and P. quadrimaculatus from juvenile. Only, P. sudeepi was reported from India. NEW INFORMATION: Platythomisus octomaculatus (C. L. Koch, 1845) is recorded after 120 years of its last report; newly recorded from Assam, India which extends its distribution from the previously known localities, Java and Sumatra...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322111/hpv-in-larynx-squamous-cell-carcinoma-new-serotypes-and-survival-study-within-10-year-follow-up
#3
Alvaro Sánchez Barrueco, Fernando González Galán, David Lora Pablos, José Miguel Villacampa Aubá, Claudio Ballestín Carcavilla, Carlos Cenjor Español, Carlos Almodóvar Álvarez
Objective To determine the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, specifically in the larynx without the bias of other sublocations, and to describe the different serotypes of HPV and their impact on overall and disease-free survival after 10-year follow-up. Study Design Retrospective case series with chart review of ear, nose, and throat oncologic database. Setting Academic tertiary care hospital. Subjects A total of 123 samples of larynx squamous cell carcinoma were included, only from the glottis and treated only with surgery between 1977 and 2005...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301452/quickstats-age-adjusted-rate-for-suicide-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-1975-2015
#4
(no author information available yet)
There was an overall decline of 24% in the age-adjusted suicide rate from 1977 (13.7 per 100,000) to 2000 (10.4). The rate increased in most years from 2000 to 2015. The 2015  suicide rate (13.3) was 28% higher than in 2000. The rates for males and females  followed the overall pattern; however, the rate for males was approximately 3-5 times higher than the rate for females throughout the study period.
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300034/-epidemiology-of-urolithiasis-in-spain-review-of-published-demographic-data-in-the-period-1977-2016
#5
Francisco María Sánchez-Martín, Oriol Angerri, Esteban Emiliani, Enver Moncada, José Carpio, Félix Millán, Humberto Villavicencio
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological data on urolithiasis in Spain have appeared in publications especially local and regional level, with few referrals to Spanish national territory. The aim of this paper is to review and systematize the epidemiological data published on urolithiasis in Spain. METHODS: We reviewed publications in national and international scientific journals, meetings and conferences, and research reports (1977-2016). PubMed search (indexed papers) and manual bibliography search (not indexed works) were performed...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292802/role-of-family-physicians-in-an-urban-hospital-tracking-changes-between-1977-1997-and-2014
#6
Ieva Neimanis, Anne Woods, Angelo Zizzo, Robert Dickson, Richard Levy, Cindy Goebel, John Corsini, Sheri Burns, Kathryn Gaebel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in family doctors' attitudes about and participation in hospital activities and inpatient care in an urban hospital family medicine department from 1977 to 1997 and 2014. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. SETTING: The Department of Family Medicine at St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Family physicians affiliated with the Department of Family Medicine at St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton were surveyed in 2014...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282725/does-vigilance-in-decision-making-matter-for-dementia-family-caregivers
#7
Sarah B Wackerbarth, Yelena N Tarasenko
OBJECTIVES: Family responsibilities and social expectations often prompt conflict in caregivers' decision-making processes. Janis and Mann's (1977) conflict model describes vigilance as high-quality decision-making resulting in optimal outcomes. The purpose of our research was threefold: (1) to describe decision styles in a population of family caregivers of persons with dementia; (2) to examine the socio-economic characteristics associated with caregivers who are more likely to be vigilant decision-makers; and (3) to assess differences in caregiving experiences between vigilant and non-vigilant caregivers...
February 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270222/population-specific-association-between-abcg2-variants-and-tophaceous-disease-in-people-with-gout
#8
Wendy He, Amanda Phipps-Green, Lisa K Stamp, Tony R Merriman, Nicola Dalbeth
BACKGROUND: Tophi contribute to musculoskeletal disability, joint damage and poor health-related quality of life in people with gout. The aim of this study was to examine the role of SLC2A9 and ABCG2 variants in tophaceous disease in people with gout. METHODS: Participants (n = 1778) with gout fulfilling the 1977 American Rheumatism Association (ARA) classification criteria, who were recruited from primary and secondary care, attended a detailed study visit...
March 7, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264256/a-new-species-of-the-genus-i-amyrsidea-i-phthiraptera-amblycera-menoponidae-parasitizing-domestic-chickens-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Azzam Alahmed, Yousif Aldryhim, Mohammed Shobrak, Mohamed Nasser
Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Species of Amyrsidea can be distinguished from species of Menacanthus Neumann, 1912-the other menoponid genus with species parasitic on the same hosts-by lacking ventral spinous processes in the head (Scharf & Price 1977: 815)...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257597/international-patterns-and-trends-in-ovarian-cancer-incidence-overall-and-by-histologic-subtype
#10
S B Coburn, F Bray, M E Sherman, B Trabert
Internationally, ovarian cancer is the 7(th) leading cancer diagnosis and 8(th) leading cause of cancer mortality among women. Ovarian cancer incidence varies by region, particularly when comparing high versus low income countries. Temporal changes in reproductive factors coupled with shifts in diagnostic criteria may have influenced incidence trends of ovarian cancer and relative rates by histologic subtype. Accordingly, we evaluated trends in ovarian cancer incidence overall (1973-1977 to 2003-2007) and by histologic subtype (1988-1992 to 2003-2007) using volumes IV-IX of the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents database (CI5plus) and CI5X (volume X) database...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239918/what-is-a-nurse-the-francis-report-and-the-historic-voice-of-nursing
#11
Ann Bradshaw
Following the Francis report into shockingly deficient standards of care at an English hospital, this paper examines UK nurse education and revisits the premises on which the professional narrative of nursing was built. The UK government's response to the report is to introduce the "associate nurse" role, to be nationally trained to do fundamental care in place of the registered nurse, and a nursing apprenticeship scheme-on-the-job training for a nursing degree. UK nursing bodies do not address the report's recommendations in regard to registered nurse education; rather, they advocate a further perpetuation of the current system...
February 26, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237895/anticoagulation-practices-and-the-prevalence-of-major-bleeding-thromboembolic-events-and-mortality-in-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Eric Sy, Michael C Sklar, Laurence Lequier, Eddy Fan, Hussein D Kanji
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the safety of anticoagulation in venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). DESIGN: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using multiple electronic databases. Studies were from 1977 to September 27, 2016. We evaluated the effect of anticoagulation in VA-ECMO on outcomes including major bleeding, thromboembolic events, and in-hospital mortality using a random effects model meta-analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies (1496 patients) were included...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237197/toward-a-broader-concept-of-value-identifying-and-defining-elements-for-an-expanded-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#13
Louis P Garrison, Sachin Kamal-Bahl, Adrian Towse
This commentary identifies and defines potentially useful expansions to traditional cost-effectiveness analysis as often used in health technology assessment. Since the seminal 1977 article by Weinstein and Stason, the recommended approach has been the use of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio based on the metric of the cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained, allowing comparisons across different technologies. An expanded framework, incorporating a wider range of the elements of value, is proposed...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231256/advancing-the-match-mismatch-framework-for-large-herbivores-in-the-arctic-evaluating-the-evidence-for-a-trophic-mismatch-in-caribou
#14
David Gustine, Perry Barboza, Layne Adams, Brad Griffith, Raymond Cameron, Kenneth Whitten
Climate-induced shifts in plant phenology may adversely affect animals that cannot or do not shift the timing of their reproductive cycle. The realized effect of potential trophic "mismatches" between a consumer and its food varies with the degree to which species rely on dietary income and stored capital. Large Arctic herbivores rely heavily on maternal capital to reproduce and give birth near the onset of the growing season but are they vulnerable to trophic mismatch? We evaluated the long-term changes in the temperatures and characteristics of the growing seasons (1970-2013), and compared growing conditions and dynamics of forage quality for caribou at peak parturition, peak lactation, and peak forage biomass, and plant senescence between two distinct time periods over 36 years (1977 and 2011-13)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230412/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-are-not-falling-a-re-analysis-of-johnsen-and-friborg-2015
#15
Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Hedman, Simon Mattsson, Erik Andersson
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has a solid evidence base as an effective treatment for depression. However, a recent meta-analysis (Johnsen & Friborg, 2015) including 70 studies, showed that the effect sizes of CBT for depression have been falling between 1977 and 2014. A possible important limitation in the Johnsen and Friborg (2015) study was that they did not investigate a leveling off in the decline over time of the effectiveness of CBT for depression. We therefore reanalyzed the data reported by Johnsen and Friborg (2015) using meta-analytic regression models that allowed for a curvilinear effect of publication year and also modeled separate estimates of the decline of treatment effect before and after 1995...
March 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225771/the-phylodynamics-of-the-rabies-virus-in-the-russian-federation
#16
Andrei A Deviatkin, Alexander N Lukashev, Elena M Poleshchuk, Vladimir G Dedkov, Sergey E Tkachev, Gennadiy N Sidorov, Galina G Karganova, Irina V Galkina, Mikhail Yu Shchelkanov, German A Shipulin
Near complete rabies virus N gene sequences (1,110 nt) were determined for 82 isolates obtained from different regions of Russia between 2008 and 2016. These sequences were analyzed together with 108 representative GenBank sequences from 1977-2016 using the Bayesian coalescent approach. The timing of the major evolutionary events was estimated. Most of the isolates represented the steppe rabies virus group C, which was found over a vast geographic region from Central Russia to Mongolia and split into three groups (C0-C2) with discrete geographic prevalence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225542/historical-overview-of-leprosy-control-in-cuba
#17
Enrique Beldarraín-Chaple
INTRODUCTION Leprosy, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affects the nervous system, skin, internal organs, extremities and mucous membranes. Biological, social and environmental factors influence its occurrence and transmission. The first effective treatments appeared in 1930 with the development of dapsone, a sulfone. The main components of a control and elimination strategy are early case detection and timely administration of multidrug therapy. OBJECTIVES Review the history of leprosy control in Cuba, emphasizing particularly results of the National Leprosy Control Program, its modifications and influence on leprosy control...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223371/socioeconomic-attainment-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-the-role-of-early-cognition
#18
Kathleen G Dobson, Mark A Ferro, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: To determine: (1) if childhood cognitive and academic abilities mediate the association between being born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and socioeconomic attainment at age 29 to 36 years; (2) which cognitive abilities (IQ, verbal abilities, fluid intelligence, mathematical abilities, or academic achievement) most strongly mediate this association; and (3) if the mediating role of cognition is different in ELBW survivors with significant neurosensory impairment (NSI)...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221301/electrodiagnostic-characterization-of-hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies
#19
Sachiko Takahashi, Marvin Chum, Kurt Kimpinski
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was electrodiagnostic characterization of a large cohort of patients with genetically confirmed hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on all patients with HNPP seen at the neuromuscular clinic (London, Canada) from 1977 to 2015. Clinical data obtained included patient characteristics, examination findings, and nerve conduction study results. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients were analyzed...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213927/long-term-hospitalisation-rates-among-5-year-survivors-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-adolescence-or-young-adulthood-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#20
Kathrine Rugbjerg, Maja Maraldo, Marianne C Aznar, David J Cutter, Sarah C Darby, Lena Specht, Jørgen H Olsen
In the present study, we report on the full range of physical diseases acquired by survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed in adolescence or young adulthood. In a Danish nationwide population-based cohort study, 1,768 five-year survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed at ages 15-39 years during 1943-2004 and 228,447 comparison subjects matched to survivors on age and year of birth were included. Hospital discharge diagnoses and bed-days during 1977-2010 were obtained from the Danish Patient Register for 145 specific disease categories gathered in 14 main diagnostic groups...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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