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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151093/munchausen-syndrome-and-the-wide-spectrum-of-factitious-disorders
#1
Laurent Tatu, Selma Aybek, Julien Bogousslavsky
Since its initial description in 1851, Munchausen syndrome has been widely used interchangeably with factitious disorder. Nevertheless, this syndrome is only one form of factitious disorder that is both severe and chronic. The syndrome was named after Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Baron von Münchhausen (1720-1797), a German nobleman who became famous as a narrator of false and exaggerated exploits. His name was progressively corrupted to Munchausen. Factitious disorders and Munchausen syndrome remain a great diagnosis challenge for physicians...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150102/evaluation-of-criteria-of-manual-blood-smear-review-following-automated-complete-blood-counts-in-a-large-university-hospital
#2
Samuel Ricardo Comar, Mariester Malvezzi, Ricardo Pasquini
BACKGROUND: There is great interest in reducing the number of automated complete blood counts requiring manual blood smear reviews without sacrificing the quality of patient care. This study was aimed at evaluating and establishing appropriate screening criteria for manual blood smear reviews to improve the performance in a hematology laboratory. METHOD: A total of 1977 consecutive samples from the daily workload were used to evaluate four sets of screening criteria for manual blood smear reviews to identify samples with positive smear findings...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141915/laboratory-screening-for-children-entering-foster-care
#3
Mary V Greiner, Sarah J Beal, Katie Nause, Mary Allen Staat, Judith W Dexheimer, Philip V Scribano
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of medical illness detected by laboratory screening in children entering foster care in a single, urban county. METHODS: All children entering foster care in a single county in Ohio were seen at a consultation foster care clinic and had laboratory screening, including testing for infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, and tuberculosis as well as for hemoglobin and lead levels. RESULTS: Over a 3-year period (2012-2015), laboratory screening was performed on 1977 subjects entering foster care in a consultative foster care clinic...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141268/gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-proximal-polyposis-of-the-stomach-gapps-a-rare-recently-described-gastric-polyposis-syndrome-report-of-a-case
#4
Andrea Beer, Berthold Streubel, Reza Asari, Clemens Dejaco, Georg Oberhuber
In rare cases with multiple gastric polyps in the corpus and fundus, a recently described gastric polyposis syndrome called gastric adenocarcinoma and proximal polyposis of the stomach (GAPPS) has to be considered. We report on the findings in a patient fulfilling the criteria of this disease.A female patient born in 1977 underwent gastroscopy in 2005 due to recurrent abdominal pain. Endoscopy revealed more than 100 fundic gland polyps in the corpus and fundus. An ileocolonoscopy was inconspicuous. The patient did not take proton pump inhibitors...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132613/identification-and-management-of-shigella-infection-in-children-with-diarrhoea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Kirkby D Tickell, Rebecca L Brander, Hannah E Atlas, Jeffrey M Pernica, Judd L Walson, Patricia B Pavlinac
BACKGROUND: Shigella infections are a leading cause of diarrhoeal death among children in low-income and middle-income countries. WHO guidelines reserve antibiotics for treating children with dysentery. Reliance on dysentery for identification and management of Shigella infection might miss an opportunity to reduce Shigella-associated morbidity and mortality. We aimed to systematically review and evaluate Shigella-associated and dysentery-associated mortality, the diagnostic value of dysentery for the identification of Shigella infection, and the efficacy of antibiotics for children with Shigella or dysentery, or both...
December 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124998/evaluation-of-the-presence-of-asbestos-in-cosmetic-talcum-products
#6
Jennifer S Pierce, Alexander S Riordan, Eric W Miller, Shannon H Gaffney, Dana M Hollins
Talc has been used for over a century in a variety of cosmetic products. While pure cosmetic talc (free of asbestos) is not considered a risk factor for mesothelioma, it has been recently suggested that inhalation of cosmetic talc containing trace levels of asbestos is a risk factor for mesothelioma. Bulk analyses of cosmetic talcum products were performed in the 1960s and 1970s, however, the analytical methods used at that time were incapable of determining whether asbestos minerals were present in the asbestiform versus non-asbestiform habit...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123225/archaea-and-the-origin-of-eukaryotes
#7
REVIEW
Laura Eme, Anja Spang, Jonathan Lombard, Courtney W Stairs, Thijs J G Ettema
Woese and Fox's 1977 paper on the discovery of the Archaea triggered a revolution in the field of evolutionary biology by showing that life was divided into not only prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Rather, they revealed that prokaryotes comprise two distinct types of organisms, the Bacteria and the Archaea. In subsequent years, molecular phylogenetic analyses indicated that eukaryotes and the Archaea represent sister groups in the tree of life. During the genomic era, it became evident that eukaryotic cells possess a mixture of archaeal and bacterial features in addition to eukaryotic-specific features...
November 10, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122535/limited-output-transcranial-electrical-stimulation-lotes-2017-engineering-principles-regulatory-statutes-and-industry-standards-for-wellness-over-the-counter-or-prescription-devices-with-low-risk
#8
Marom Bikson, Bhaskar Paneri, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Zeinab Esmaeilpour, Bashar W Badran, Robin Azzam, Devin Adair, Abhishek Datta, Xiao Hui Fang, Brett Wingeier, Daniel Chao, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Kiwon Lee, Helena Knotkova, Adam J Woods, David Hagedorn, Doug Jeffery, James Giordano, William J Tyler
We present device standards for low-power non-invasive electrical brain stimulation devices classified as limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). Emerging applications of limited output tES to modulate brain function span techniques to stimulate brain or nerve structures, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS), have engendered discussion on how access to technology should be regulated...
October 17, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118608/a-revision-of-the-family-ameroseiidae-acari-mesostigmata-with-some-data-on-slovak-fauna
#9
Peter Mašán
The family Ameroseiidae Evans, 1961 (Acari: Mesostigmata) includes a total of 12 valid and adequately described genera, namely Afrocypholaelaps Elsen, 1972, Ameroseiella Bregetova, 1977, Ameroseius Berlese, 1904, Asperolaelaps Womersley, 1956, Brontispalaelaps Womersley, 1956, Epicriopsis Berlese, 1916, Hattena Domrow, 1963, Kleemannia Oudemans, 1930, Neocypholaelaps Vitzthum, 1942, Pseudoameroseiusgen. n., Sertitympanum Elsen & Whitaker, 1985 and Sinoseius Bai & Gu, 1995. One of these genera includes subgenera, namely Kleemannia (Primoseius) Womersley, 1956...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118607/new-records-of-sarcophagidae-from-turkey-diptera
#10
Yury Verves, Miroslav Barták, Štěpán Kubík, Hasan Sungur Civelek
Faunistic records of 68 flesh fly species are presented, and altogether, 22 species are recorded from Turkey for the first time. A further 46 species were recorded for the first time in at least one Turkish province. This paper presents the first locality data for four additional species, which were previously mentioned only generically in catalogues. One new synonym has been established, Servaisia (s. str.) rybaltschenkoi (Verves, 1977) = Blaesoxipha ataturkia Lehrer, 2008, syn. n. Two new combinations are proposed: Helicophagella (Parabellieria) dreyfusi (Lehrer, 1994), comb...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118596/revision-of-torrent-mites-parasitengona-torrenticolidae-torrenticola-of-the-united-states-and-canada-90-descriptions-molecular-phylogenetics-and-a-key-to-species
#11
J Ray Fisher, Danielle M Fisher, Michael J Skvarla, Whitney A Nelson, Ashley P G Dowling
The descriptive biology of torrent mites (Parasitengona: Torrenticolidae: Torrenticola) of North America (north of Mexico) is investigated using integrative methods. Material examined includes approximately 2,300 specimens from nearly 500 localities across the United States and Canada, and a few collections in Mexico and Central America. Species hypotheses are derived from a phylogenetic analysis of the barcoding region of cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) for 476 specimens and supported with morphology and biogeography...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116902/uk-trained-junior-doctors-intentions-to-work-in-uk-medicine-questionnaire-surveys-three-years-after-graduation
#12
Geraldine Surman, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective To report on the career intentions, three years after qualification, of 12 national cohorts of UK-trained doctors who qualified between 1974 and 2012, and, specifically, to compare recent UK medical graduates' intentions to work in medicine in the UK with earlier graduates. Design Questionnaire surveys of cohorts of UK medical graduates defined by year of graduation. Setting UK. Participants 30,272 UK medical graduates. Main outcome measures Stated level of intention to pursue a long-term career in medicine in the UK...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114393/vibrio-furnissii-an-emerging-pathogen-causing-acute-gastroenteritis-a-case-report
#13
Mamatha Ballal, Vignesh Shetty, Sohan Rodney Bangera, Mukhyaprana Prabhu, Shashikiran Umakanth
Introduction.Vibrio furnissii is a motile, Gram-negative, oxidase-positive, halophilic bacteria first defined in 1977. It is ubiquitously present in marine environments and is one of the 11 non-cholera Vibrio species pathogenic in humans, which can lead to human gastroenteritis and extra-intestinal manifestations. Case presentation. A 73-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis after consumption of seafood, which later by microbiological investigations was confirmed as Vibrio furnissii, a member of the family Vibrionaceae...
September 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108065/estimation-of-the-effects-of-selection-on-french-large-white-sow-and-piglet-performance-during-the-suckling-period
#14
P Silalahi, T Tribout, Y Billon, J Gogué, J P Bidanel
The effects of 21 yr of selection were estimated for sow and piglet performance during the suckling period in a French Large White (LW) pig population using frozen semen. Two experimental groups (EXP = L77 and L98) were produced by inseminating LW sows with either stored frozen semen from 17 LW boars born in 1977 (EXP = L77) or with fresh semen from 23 LW boars born in 1998 (EXP = L98). Seventy-four L77 and 89 L98 randomly chosen females were mated to 15 L77 and 15 L98, respectively, randomly chosen boars for 6 successive parities...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106339/goodbye-eating-disorders
#15
Leigh Cohn
In 1977, I fell in love at first sight, and since then eating disorders have been a central part of my life. As I step down after 25 years as editor of Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, I am also saying goodbye to the eating disorders field and moving on to retirement and other areas of interest. In this Last Word article, I will write about my history with the journal and the field and use this forum to thank a few of the people I've known along the way.
October 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102782/metastasis-free-interval-in-breast-cancer-patients-thirty-year-trends-and-time-dependency-of-prognostic-factors-a-retrospective-analysis-based-on-a-single-institution-experience
#16
A Houzé de l'Aulnoit, B Rogoz, C Pinçon, D Houzé de l'Aulnoit
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death in French women in spite of continuously improving management. The objectives of this study were to analyse trends in the metastasis-free interval over the past 30 years and to identify the prognostic factors of survival, while accounting for time dependency. METHODS: A total of 1613 patients diagnosed with invasive non-metastatic breast cancer at Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, Lille, France between 1977 and 2013, were followed for outcome (metastasis-free interval)...
November 2, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101144/charcot-marie-tooth-disease-in-denmark-a-nationwide-register-based-study-of-mortality-prevalence-and-incidence
#17
Signe Vaeth, Michael Vaeth, Henning Andersen, Rikke Christensen, Uffe Birk Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited disorder of the peripheral nervous system, yet no studies have compared the mortality in patients with CMT with that of the general population, and prevalence estimates vary considerably. We performed a nationwide register-based study to investigate the prevalence, incidence and mortality of CMT in Denmark. DESIGN: We used the Danish National Patient Registry to select all records with primary diagnostic codes for CMT between 1977 and 2012 given at a neurological, neurophysiological, paediatric or clinical genetic clinic...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100862/association-between-diverticular-disease-and-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-pooled-analysis-of-two-population-based-screening-cohorts
#18
Anders Mark-Christensen, Jes Sanddal Lindholt, Axel Diederichsen, Flemming Hald Steffensen, Martin Busk, Lars Frost, Grazina Urbonaviciene, Jess Lambrechtsen, Kenneth Egstrup, Søren Laurberg
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is multifactorial, and many risk factors are shared with diverticular disease. It is unknown whether an independent association exists between these conditions. METHODS: Individuals enrolled in two Danish population based randomised AAA screening trials and assigned to cross sectional screening and evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors were identified. Diagnoses of diverticular disease were interrogated from a national patient registry covering the period from 1977 to the screening date...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095025/four-decades-of-bariatric-surgery-in-a-community-hospital-of-spain
#19
Aniceto Baltasar, Rafael Bou, Marcelo Bengochea, Carlos Serra, Lirios Ferri, Nieves Pérez, Francisco Arlandis, Rosa Martínez, Luis Cipagauta
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgical practice changes in the community setting may be under-reported. We present the developments in a Spanish bariatric surgical practice in the community setting of Alcoy from its origin in 1977 through the present. METHODS: Bariatric surgical techniques employed in a country community setting over the course of nearly four decades were reviewed retrospectively and qualitatively. RESULTS: Surgeons and medical professionals from Alcoy, Spain were involved in the evolution of bariatric surgery patient management and surgical technique from 1977s through 2017...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093977/heterozygous-hemoglobin-sherwood-forest-causing-polycythemia
#20
Vikram M Raghunathan, James N Butera, Diana O Treaba
Hemoglobin (Hb) Sherwood Forest is a rare high-affinity hemoglobin first described in 1977, arising from an Arg to Thr substitution at codon 104 of the beta chain. This hemoglobin variant has been identified in few individuals and has been associated with a compensatory erythrocytosis in the homozygous state. Prior scarce case reports have noted that heterozygotes for this variant are phenotypically normal. Here we present a patient who was evaluated in our hematology clinic for chronic erythrocytosis and was found to be heterozygous for Hb Sherwood Forest...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
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