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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736986/adolescent-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-79-million-israeli-men-and-women-a-population-based-study
#1
Zohar Levi, Jeremy D Kark, Lior H Katz, Gilad Twig, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Yaara Leibovici Weissman, Adi Leiba, Irena Lipshiez, Lital Keinan Boker, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: This study examined the association between the body mass index (BMI) in late adolescence and the risk of colon and rectal cancer. METHODS: This study analyzed a cohort of 1,087,358 Jewish men and 707,212 Jewish women who underwent health examinations at the ages of 16 to 19 years between 1967 and 2002 and were followed by linkage to the national cancer registry up to 2012. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for cancer according to age- and sex-adjusted BMI percentiles from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (overweight, 85th percentile to <95th percentile; obesity, ≥95th percentile)...
July 24, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736760/self-harm-and-violent-criminality-among-young-people-who-experienced-trauma-related-hospital-admission-during-childhood-a-danish-national-cohort-study
#2
Roger T Webb, Sussie Antonsen, Matthew J Carr, Louis Appleby, Carsten B Pedersen, Pearl L H Mok
BACKGROUND: Development of a better understanding of subsequent pathways for individuals who experienced trauma during childhood might usefully inform clinicians and public health professionals regarding the causes of self-harm and interpersonal violence. We aimed to examine these risks during late adolescence and early adulthood among people admitted to hospital following injuries or poisonings during their childhood. METHODS: This national cohort study included Danish people born between Jan 1, 1977, and Dec 31, 1997, and was linked to the National Patient Register and Psychiatric Central Research Register to identify all people exposed to hospital admissions for injuries or poisonings due to self-harm, interpersonal violence, or accidents before their 15th birthday...
July 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733916/hysterectomy-technique-and-risk-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#3
Rune Lykke, Ea Løwenstein, Jan Blaakær, Helga Gimbel
PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate, in a large cohort, how hysterectomy technique influences the incidence of subsequent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair among women hysterectomized for benign conditions. METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry, we collected data on all hysterectomies on benign indications, and all POP operations performed in Denmark from January 1, 1977 to June 10, 2016. We excluded patients with prior POP repair. We analyzed the incidence of POP surgery by cumulative incidence curves and hazard ratio (HR) for women with and without POP diagnoses or concomitant POP repair at hysterectomy...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733687/an-ecologic-study-of-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-myopia-in-chinese-adults-in-singapore-born-from-the-1920s-to-1980s
#4
Sonoko Sensaki, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Pavan K Verkicharla, Adeola Awodele, Kok Hian Tan, Audrey Chia, Seang Mei Saw
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate secular trends in the prevalence of myopia over 6 decades (from the 1920s to 1980s) in Chinese adults in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parental myopia prevalence was estimated using a parent-completed questionnaire in paediatric cohorts that included: 1) The Singapore Cohort Of Risk factors for Myopia (SCORM), 2) The Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Children (STARS), and 3) The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO)...
June 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726234/-current-status-of-congenital-myasthenic-syndromes
#5
REVIEW
M Bestue-Cardiel, D Natera-de Benito
Since Engel reported the first case of congenital myasthenia in 1977 and the first pathogenic gene was found in 1995, knowledge about congenital myasthenic syndromes has continued to grow. Over the years, the pathogenic basis, its clinical features, the phenotype-genotype correlations that have been established and its therapeutic management have all been described. In this group of diseases the safety margin of neuromuscular transmission is altered by different mechanisms: in the synthesis or storage of acetylcholine quanta in the synaptic vesicles, in the calcium-mediated release of acetylcholine in the nerve terminal or in the efficiency of the quantum released to generate a post-synaptic depolarisation...
August 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712973/occurrence-of-lutzomyia-longipalpis-lutz-neiva-1912-and-cerdocyon-thous-linnaeus-1977-in-a-visceral-leishmaniasis-endemic-area-in-brazil
#6
Maria Regiane Araujo Soares, Jadson Emanuel Lopes Antunes, Ivete Lopes de Mendonça, Rogério Nora Lima, Carlos Henrique Nery Costa
Cerdocyon thous presents a wide geographic distribution in Brazil and its role as a possible Leishmania infantum reservoir in a visceral leishmaniasis (VL) transmission cycle regardless of dogs (Canis familiaris) has been discussed. From this perspective, this work describes the occurrence and use of the habitat by Cerdocyon thous in a Lutzomyia longipalpis occurrence area Teresina (Piaui - Brazil), VL endemic region. Three specimens of C. thous were monitored with the use of radio telemetry and trails and footprints, seeking to find possible natural dens in order to collect the sanflies from the site...
July 13, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708878/reforestation-induced-changes-of-landscape-composition-and-configuration-modulate-freshwater-supply-and-flooding-risk-of-tropical-watersheds
#7
Qiong Gao, Mei Yu
Impact of changes in land cover and land use on hydrological service of tropical watersheds is one of the focal research tropics in both hydrology and Land Cover Land Use Changes (LCLUC). Land fragmentation is an important feature of LCLUC, however, its impact on hydrological service of tropical watershed is unclear despite a few theoretical frameworks. In this paper, we described a simulation study of eight tropical watersheds in Puerto Rico using the Soil Water Assessment Tool. Annual average stream discharge was derived according to the simulations with the land cover maps in 1977, 1991, and 2000...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707704/first-record-of-glugea-plecoglossi-takahashi-egusa-1977-a-microsporidian-parasite-of-ayu-plecoglossus-altivelis-altivelis-temminck-schlegel-1846-in-mainland-china
#8
Q J Zhou, F C Chai, J Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707511/maternal-fertility-problems-and-risk-for-transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Marie Hargreave, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Allan Jensen
AIMS: The study of imprinting disorders in the context of infertility and its treatment is important, as studies have indicated an increased risk. In this study, we evaluated the risk of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM), defined here as diabetes mellitus presenting within the first six weeks of life, in children born to women with fertility problems. METHODS: This nationwide register-based cohort study comprised all 2,107,837 children born in Denmark between 1977 and 2010...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693008/two-landmark-studies-published-in-1976-1977-paved-the-way-for-the-recognition-of-human-papillomavirus-as-the-major-cause-of-the-global-cancer-burden
#10
Kari J Syrjänen
Two groundbreaking reports were published in Acta Cytologica at the transition of 1976 to 1977. One appeared in the last issue of 1976 [Meisels and Fortin: Acta Cytol 1976;20:505-509] and the other in the first issue of 1977 [Purola and Savia: Acta Cytol 1977;21:26-31]. Today, 40 years later, it is not an overstatement to conclude that these are the two most influential studies ever published in this journal. Two reports with a similar content being published so close together (in the same journal) raised the question "Which of the two reports was truly submitted first?" In this commentary, this enigma is clarified beyond reasonable doubt, based on the well-considered testimonial of Prof...
July 11, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688707/long-term-follow-up-of-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-aged-%C3%A2-60%C3%A2-years
#11
Amedeo Anselmi, Erwan Flecher, Celine Chabanne, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri, Thierry Langanay, Hervé Corbineau, Alain Leguerrier, Jean-Philippe Verhoye
OBJECTIVE: To address the long-term durability of bioprostheses used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in adult patients aged ≤60 years at the time of surgery. METHODS: Through a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database, we identified 416 bioprosthetic AVRs performed between 1977 and 2013. A prospective follow-up of valve-related and non-valve-related events was performed. RESULTS: Follow-up was 98.5% complete (2423.1 patient-years; average, 6 ± 5...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#12
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685285/evaluation-of-the-replication-and-pathogenicity-of-a-variant-avian-paramyxovirus-serotype-6-in-mice
#13
Vuong Nghia Bui, Dai Quang Trinh, Lary N B Abao, Yuki Ozeki, Jonathan Runstadler, Kikuyasu Nakamura, Haruko Ogawa, Kunitoshi Imai
Avian paramyxoviruses (APMVs) have been evaluated for their potential use as vaccine vectors, sparking research efforts leading to a better understanding of APMVs' replication and pathogenicity. However, within APMV serotypes, significant genetic diversity exists, and the infectivity of variant strains in mammals has not been studied. We utilized a mouse model to evaluate the pathogenicity of a variant strain of APMV-6 (APMV-6/red-necked stint/Japan/8KS0813/2008) in comparison with the prototype APMV-6 strain (APMV-6/duck/Hong Kong/18/199/1977)...
July 6, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681977/detection-and-quantification-of-merkel-cell-polyomavirus-analysis-of-merkel-cell-carcinoma-cases-from-1977-to-2015
#14
Marta E Álvarez-Argüelles, Santiago Melón, Susana Rojo, Ana Fernandez-Blázquez, Jose Antonio Boga, Ana Palacio, Blanca Vivanco, María de Oña
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the presence of Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) in skin lesions of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). METHODS: MCPyV was quantified using quantitative Real-Time-PCR (qRT-PCR) in 34 paraffinized MCC samples (resected/biopsied) originally taken between 1977 and 2015, and 6 non-MCC samples. RESULTS: In 31 (91.2%) MCC-individuals, MCPyV was detected. No virus was observed in any non-MCC tumour. Average age at diagnosis was 78...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681249/a-systematic-review-of-the-barriers-affecting-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Hendra Goh, Yu Heng Kwan, Yi Seah, Lian Leng Low, Warren Fong, Julian Thumboo
Medication adherence is a crucial part in the management of rheumatic diseases, especially with many such patients requiring long-term medications. In this paper, we aim to systematically review the literature for the factors associated with medication adherence in the rheumatic patient population. We carried out a systematic literature search using PubMed(®), PsychInfo(®) and Embase (®) with relevant keywords and employed the PRISMA(®) criteria. We included English peer-reviewed articles that studied the factors affecting medication adherence in patients with rheumatic diseases, which were assessed by two independent reviewers...
July 5, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676781/psychometric-characteristics-of-a-new-scale-for-measuring-self-efficacy-in-the-regulation-of-gambling-behavior
#16
Claudio Barbaranelli, Valerio Ghezzi, Roberta Fida, Michele Vecchione
Since its introduction in 1977, self-efficacy has proven to be a fundamental predictor of positive adjustment and achievement in many domains. In problem gambling studies, self-efficacy has been defined mainly as an individual's ability to avoid gambling in risky situations. The interest in this construct developed mainly with regard to treatment approaches, where abstinence from gambling is required. Very little is known, however, regarding self-efficacy as a protective factor for problem gambling. This study aims to fill this gap, proposing a new self-efficacy scale which measures not only the ability to restrain oneself from gambling but also the ability to self-regulate one's gambling behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670869/heroin-in-malaysia-and-singapore
#17
Maimonah Sulaiman, Vanitha Kunalan, Angeline Yap Tiong Whei, Wendy Lim Jong Lee, Joey Ng Joo Yee, Samuel Loh Wei Xiong, Chan Kee Bian
Heroin clandestine laboratories have been a feature of the Malaysian illicit drug scene soon after the abuse of heroin emerged in 1972. The first few heroin clandestine laboratories which synthesised heroin via the acetylation of imported morphine were uncovered in 1973 and 1977. By the mid 1980s this type of laboratories was replaced by heroin cutting laboratories whereby imported high grade heroin was cut to street heroin. This was to meet the rising demand for the drug owing to the rapid escalation of the number of drug users...
July 2, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670263/tone-burst-electrocochleography-for-the-diagnosis-of-clinically-certain-meniere-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Jeremy Hornibrook
The technique of transtympanic electrocochleography was initially developed as an objective hearing threshold test by Eggermont. Gibson et al. (1977) claimed that an enlarged direct current component of the action potential (AP) called the summating potential (SP) is an indication of endolymphatic hydrops, later confirmed by Coates who proposed an SP/AP ratio measure. This led to numerous publications using diagnostic ratios of 0.33-0.35. The insensitivity led to an eventual disenchantment with the test as a reliable objective test for Meniere's disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669487/-functional-and-aesthetic-evaluation-of-sacrococcygeal-teratomas-not-everything-ends-with-surgery
#19
Vanesa Villamil, Oscar Girón Vallejo, María Fernández-Ibieta, Ángela Sánchez Sánchez, Paulo Y Reyes Ríos, Irene Martínez Castaño, Javier Rojas-Ticona, Ramón Ruiz Pruneda, José I Ruiz Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common solid neonatal tumour. The improvement in survival has meant that postoperative sequelae can be diagnosed and treated. The aim of this article is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients treated in our centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of patients treated for a sacrococcygeal teratoma in our hospital from 1977 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Personal data was collected and a telephone questionnaire was used to assess long-term bowel and urinary habits, as well as an aesthetic and functional self-assessment...
June 29, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657277/shiitake-flagellate-dermatitis-the-first-case-reported-in-ireland
#20
N Byrne, C Foley, M Cotter, S O'Gorman, E Storan, P Marren
Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) is the second most commonly consumed mushroom worldwide. The first case of shiitake mushroom flagellate dermatitis was described in Japan in 1977 and it is now being reported in the western world. We describe the first reported case in Ireland.
January 11, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
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