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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776115/electroclinic-effect-in-the-chiral-lamellar-%C3%AE-phase-of-a-lyotropic-liquid-crystal
#1
Marc D Harjung, Frank Giesselmann
In thermotropic chiral Sm-A^{*} phases, an electric field along the smectic layers breaks the D_{∞} symmetry of the Sm-A^{*} phase and induces a tilt of the liquid crystal director. This so-called electroclinic effect (ECE) was first reported by Garoff and Meyer in 1977 and attracted substantial scientific and technological interest due to its linear and submicrosecond electro-optic response [S. Garoff and R. B. Meyer, Phys. Rev. A 19, 338 (1979)0556-279110.1103/PhysRevA.19.338]. We now report the observation of an ECE in the pretransitional regime from a lyotropic chiral lamellar L_{α}^{*} phase into a lyo-Sm-C^{*} phase, the lyotropic analog to the thermotropic Sm-C^{*} phase which was recently discovered by Bruckner et al...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774934/-comparison-of-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-analysis-between-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach-and-gastric-cancer
#2
Fengke Li, Yimin Wang, Chunfeng Li, Yan Ma, Yongle Zhang, Zhiguo Li, Yingwei Xue
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological features and prognosis between patients with carcinoma in the remnant stomach (CRS) and with gastric cancer, and to investigate the prognostic factors in CRS patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on clinicopathological data of 96 CRS patients (CRS group) and selected 440 patients with gastric cancer (GC group) treated at Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 1977 to December 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773777/seeking-biomarkers-of-early-childhood-malnutrition-s-long-term-effects
#3
Pedro A Valdés-Sosa, Janina R Galler, Cyralene P Bryce, Arielle G Rabinowitz, María L Bringas-Vega, Nibaldo Hernández-Mesa, Alberto Taboada-Crispi
Protein-energy malnutrition affects one in nine people worldwide and is most prevalent among children aged less than five years in low-income countries. Early childhood malnutrition can have damaging neurodevelopmental effects, with significant increases in cognitive, neurological and mental health problems over the lifespan, outcomes which can also extend to the next generation. This article describes a research collaboration involving scientists from five centers in Barbados, China, Cuba and the USA. It builds on longer-term joint work between the Barbados Nutrition Study (which, over a 45-year span, has extensively documented nutritional, health, behavioral, social and economic outcomes of individuals who experienced protein-energy malnutrition in the first year of life and healthy controls from the same classrooms and neighborhoods) and the Cuban Neuroscience Center (which has developed low-cost brain imaging methods that can be readily used in low income settings to identify biomarkers for early detection and treatment of adverse consequences of childhood malnutrition)...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764709/influence-of-proximal-aortic-neck-diameter-on-durability-of-aneurysm-sealing-and-overall-survival-in-patients-undergoing-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-real-world-data-from-the-gore-global-registry-for-endovascular-aortic-treatment-great
#4
Dominic P J Howard, Conor D Marron, Ediri Sideso, Phillip J Puckridge, Eric L G Verhoeven, James I Spark
OBJECTIVES: Aortic neck diameter is an independent anatomical feature that is poorly understood, yet potentially linked to proximal seal failure and adverse outcome following standard EVAR. The aim of this study was to assess whether large proximal aortic neck (LAN) diameter is associated with adverse outcome using prospectively collected individual patient data from The Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment (GREAT). METHODS: A total of 3166 consecutive patients, from 78 global centres, receiving Gore Excluder stent grafts for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between 2011 and 2017 were included...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755341/plasma-biomarkers-differentiate-parkinson-s-disease-from-atypical-parkinsonism-syndromes
#5
Chin-Hsien Lin, Shieh-Yueh Yang, Herng-Er Horng, Che-Chuan Yang, Jen-Jie Chieh, Hsin-Hsien Chen, Bing-Hsien Liu, Ming-Jang Chiu
Objective: Parkinson's disease (PD) has significant clinical overlaps with atypical parkinsonism syndromes (APS), which have a poorer treatment response and a more aggressive course than PD. We aimed to identify plasma biomarkers to differentiate PD from APS. Methods: Plasma samples ( n = 204) were obtained from healthy controls and from patients with PD, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), or frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with parkinsonism (FTD-P) or without parkinsonism...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747656/maternal-drug-use-and-the-risk-of-anorectal-malformations-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky
BACKGROUND: Origin of anorectal malformations (ARM) are considered multifactorial. Several genetic and non-genetic risk factors are discussed in literature. Maternal periconceptional medical drug use as possible risk factor, however, has not been reviewed systematically. METHODS: Studies published between 1977 and April 2017 were reviewed through systematic search in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases. Furthermore, related and cross-referencing publications were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744264/the-prevalence-of-anemia-in-japanese-universiade-athletes-detected-with-longitudinal-preparticipation-medical-examinations
#7
Takayuki Komatsu, Fumihiro Yamasawa, Michiko Dohi, Takao Akama, Atsushi Masujima, Ichiro Kono, Takashi Kawahara
Background: No reports have evaluated the long-term trends of the prevalence of anemia in Universiade athletes using preparticipation medical examinations (PPMEs). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia among Japanese Universiade athletes, using longitudinal PPMEs. Methods: In this retrospective, observational study, athletes with published data from official reports of the Japanese delegation of the summer Universiade games between 1977 and 2011 were included, as were similar-aged nonathletes with published health data, extracted from official national reports from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare...
May 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731294/derivation-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-the-readmission-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-treated-in-internal-medicine-departments
#8
J Ena, R Gómez-Huelgas, B C Gracia-Tello, P Vázquez-Rodríguez, J N Alcalá-Pedrajas, F J Carrasco-Sánchez, B Murcia-Casas, M Romero-Sánchez, J V Segura-Heras, J Carretero
OBJECTIVES: We developed a predictive model for the hospital readmission of patients with diabetes. The objective was to identify the frail population that requires additional strategies to prevent readmissions at 90 days. METHODS: Using data collected from 1977 patients in 3 studies on the national prevalence of diabetes (2015-2017), we developed and validated a predictive model of readmission at 90 days for patients with diabetes. RESULTS: A total of 704 (36%) readmissions were recorded...
May 4, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730953/low-density-lipoprotein-associated-variables-and-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-an-untreated-chinese-cohort-study
#9
Xi Zhao, Di Sun, Rui-Xia Xu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Yan Zhang, Sha Li, Ying Gao, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is causal risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and LDL-associated variables including LDL-C, apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), lipoprotein a [Lp(a)], small dense LDL (sd-LDL) and oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) have been widely used for predicting the risk of CAD. The present study was aimed to compare the values of six LDL-related variables for predicting the severity of CAD using untreated patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG)...
May 7, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728134/ethnobotany-of-the-sierra-nevada-del-cocuy-g%C3%A3-ic%C3%A3-n-climate-change-and-conservation-strategies-in-the-colombian-andes
#10
Mireia Alcántara Rodríguez, Andrea Angueyra, Antoine M Cleef, Tinde Van Andel
BACKGROUND: The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy-Güicán in the Colombian Andes is protected as a National Natural Park since 1977 because of its fragile páramo ecosystems, extraordinary biodiversity, high plant endemism, and function as water reservoir. The vegetation on this mountain is threatened by expanding agriculture, deforestation, tourism, and climate change. We present an ethnobotanical inventory among local farmer communities and discuss the effects of vegetation change on the availability of useful plants...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727034/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-neurodevelopment-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Gloria Isabel Niño Cruz, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Inácio Crochemore M da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, Iná S Santos
BACKGROUND: Maternal physical activity (PA) during pregnancy could affect offspring's neurodevelopment. However, studies in humans in early childhood are scarce and show inconsistent results. We aimed to review the literature on the association between physical activity during pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. METHODS: LILACS, MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched for studies published since 1977. Original studies conducted in humans, without language, country, or study type restriction, were eligible...
May 4, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720145/comparison-of-the-chemical-profiles-and-inflammatory-mediator-inhibitory-effects-of-three-siegesbeckia-herbs-used-as-herba-siegesbeckiae-xixiancao
#12
Hui Guo, Yi Zhang, Brian Chi-Yan Cheng, Mei-Yuk Lau, Xiu-Qiong Fu, Ting Li, Tao Su, Pei-Li Zhu, Yuen-Cheung Chan, Anfernee Kai-Wing Tse, Tao Yi, Hu-Biao Chen, Zhi-Ling Yu
BACKGROUND: Herba Siegesbeckiae (HS, Xixiancao in Chinese) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicinal herb for soothing joints. In ancient materia medica books, HS is recorded to be the aerial part of Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino (SP) which is also the only origin of HS in the 1963 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopeia (ChP). The aerial parts of Siegesbeckia orientalis L. (SO) and Siegesbeckia glabrescens Makino (SG) have been included as two additional origins for HS in each edition of ChP since 1977...
May 2, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719297/predicting-sequential-cochlear-implantation-performance-a-systematic-review
#13
Yvette Smulders, Thomas Hendriks, Robert Eikelboom, Inge Stegeman, Peter Santa Maria, Marcus Atlas, Peter Friedland
This systematic review of the literature reveals which pre-operative factors affect sequential cochlear implantation outcomes in adults. The findings can help health care prof-essionals provide evidence-based advice on the expected benefits from a second cochlear implant (CI). We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database from November 1977 to August 26, 2017, using the terms "sequential cochlear implantation"; the most frequently cited predictors for unilateral cochlear implantation performance and other potential predictors for sequential implantation outcome; and "speech perception," "localization" as well as synonyms of all of the above...
May 2, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719285/myeloproliferative-neoplasms-in-danish-twins
#14
Michael Asger Andersen, Ole Weis Bjerrum, Ajenthen Ranjan, Vibe Skov, Torben A Kruse, Mads Thomassen, Axel Skytthe, Hans Carl Hasselbalch, Kaare Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by clonal hyperproliferation of immature and mature cells of the myeloid lineage. Genetic differences have been proposed to play a role in the development of MPNs. Monozygotic twin pairs with MPNs have been reported in a few case reports, but the MPN concordance pattern in twins remains unknown. METHOD: All twin pairs born in the period 1900-2010 were identified in the nationwide Danish Twin Registry...
May 2, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714657/on-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-necropsy-based-study-of-171-cases-1997-2016
#15
Pietro Gino Barbieri, Dario Mirabelli, Corrado Magnani, Alessandro Brollo
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) diagnosis is known to be difficult. We report on the diagnostic elements available in life in an MPM necropsy case series and describe the frequency of non-neoplastic asbestos-related diseases as biological exposure indices. METHODS: We reviewed pathologic and clinical records of an unselected series of autopsies (1977-2016) in patients with MPM employed in the Monfalcone shipyards or living with shipyard workers...
April 1, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713334/bayesian-hierarchical-random-effects-models-in-forensic-science
#16
REVIEW
Colin G G Aitken
Statistical modeling of the evaluation of evidence with the use of the likelihood ratio has a long history. It dates from the Dreyfus case at the end of the nineteenth century through the work at Bletchley Park in the Second World War to the present day. The development received a significant boost in 1977 with a seminal work by Dennis Lindley which introduced a Bayesian hierarchical random effects model for the evaluation of evidence with an example of refractive index measurements on fragments of glass. Many models have been developed since then...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709339/prognostic-factors-and-treatment-outcomes-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-in-eastern-asian-patients-a-taiwanese-study
#17
Ting-Hui Wu, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee, Chang-Tsu Yuan, Tom Wei-Wu Chen, James Chih-Hsin Yang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There are scarce reports on the prognostic factors and treatment outcomes of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Asia. This study aimed to address these matters in a real-world setting. METHODS: Medical records of patients with histologically proven MPM diagnosed between 1977 and 2016 at the National Taiwan University Hospital were reviewed. Variables including age, gender, performance status, asbestos exposure, smoking history, histology subtype, staging, and treatment received were recorded...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706020/the-effects-of-season-and-weather-on-healthcare-utilization-among-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis
#18
Carsten R Hamann, Yuki M F Andersen, Kristiane A Engebretsen, Lone Skov, Jonathan I Silverberg, Alexander Egeberg, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Patient reported triggers for atopic dermatitis (AD) flares include changes in ultraviolet irradiation, humidity and temperature. OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationships between weather data and healthcare utilization in AD patients. METHODS: Using nationwide healthcare registries, clinic (1994-2012) and hospital visits (1977-2012) for AD treatment were calculated as well as monthly totals of topical corticosteroid (TCS) (1996-2012) and calcineurin inhibitor (TCI) prescriptions (2003-20012) filled by AD patients...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701260/c-reactive-protein-an-independent-predictor-for-dedifferentiated-chondrosarcoma
#19
Elena Nemecek, Philipp Theodor Funovics, Gerhard Martin Hobusch, Susanna Lang, Madeleine Willegger, Florian Sevelda, Thomas Brodowicz, Christoph Stihsen, Reinhard Windhager, Joannis Panotopoulos
Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is a rare primary bone malignancy with a very poor prognosis. The aim of the study was to identify pretreatment serum markers as prognostic factors for the overall survival (OS) of patients with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. We retrospectively reviewed 33 patients with histologically confirmed dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma treated at our department from 1977 to 2015. Kaplan-Meier estimation, uni- and multivariable Cox proportional hazard model were performed to evaluate the association between serum markers such as the C-reactive protein and OS...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690441/meadow-katydids-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-conocephalini-from-the-central-west-region-of-brazil-morphological-bioacoustic-and-cytogenetic-study
#20
Juliana Chamorro-Rengifo, Bruno cansanÇÃo Silva, Renan da Silva Olivier, Holger Braun, Douglas Araujo
Three species of Conocephalus and two of Euxiphidion from several localities of the Central-West Region of Brazil were studied. Conocephalus goianus Piza, 1977, C. saltator (Saussure, 1859) and C. versicolor (Redtenbacher, 1891) are recorded for the first time from Mato Grosso do Sul, one new species Euxiphidion veroni sp. nov. is described, and a new combination, Euxiphidion caizanum comb. nov. is proposed. The calling songs of C. saltator, C. versicolor, and E. veroni sp. nov. are described. All these three species call very continuously, also in the daytime...
March 4, 2018: Zootaxa
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