keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1977

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535177/invited-commentary-selection-bias-without-colliders
#1
Miguel A Hernán
In causal analyses, conditioning on a collider generally results in selection bias. Conditioning on a prognostic factor that is independent of the exposure-and therefore is not a collider-can also result in selection bias when 1) the exposure has a non-null effect on the outcome and 2) the association between the noncollider and the outcome is heterogenous across levels of the exposure. This result was empirically demonstrated by Greenland in 1977 (Am J Epidemiol. 1977;106(3):184-187).
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525912/clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-endometrial-cancer-in-lynch-syndrome-a-french-multicenter-study
#2
Léa Rossi, Marie-Aude Le Frere-Belda, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Bruno Buecher, Antoine De Pauw, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Geoffroy Canlorbe, Olivier Caron, Bruno Borghese, Chrystelle Colas, Hélène Delhomelle, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Sophie Grandjouan, Fabrice Lecuru, Anne-Sophie Bats
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on Lynch syndrome (LS)-related endometrial cancer (EC) features. Amsterdam criteria II, commonly used, have poor sensitivity for detection of LS, which is underdiagnosed. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and pathological features of LS-related EC among mutation-proven patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study from 1977 to 2013 in 5 hospitals. The inclusion criteria were patients who had a primary EC associated to LS proven by a germline mutation...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523828/the-use-of-the-nursing-process-in-spain-as-compared-to-the-united-states-and-canada
#3
Joseba Xabier Huitzi-Egilegor, Maria Isabel Elorza-Puyadena, Carmen Asurabarrena-Iraola
PURPOSE: To analyze the development of the nursing method process in Spain, and compare it with the development in the United States and Canada. METHODS: This is a narrative review. FINDINGS: The teaching of the nursing process in nursing schools started in Spain as from 1977 and that it started being used in professional practice in the 1990's. The development, the difficulties, the nursing models used and its application form are discussed...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516747/the-history-of-growth-hormone-treatment-for-ghd-in-japan
#4
Susumu Yokoya, Toshiaki Tanaka
In Japan, treatment of growth hormone deficiency with pituitary-extracted human growth hormone (phGH) was covered by health insurance for the first time in 1975. However, because of the shortage of phGH, the Foundation for Growth Science (FGS) was founded in 1977 to control the use of the product by its registration system and to collect pituitary glands in Japan. In 1986, recombinant human growth hormone was first approved. Since then, the FGS has been involved in the harmonization of growth hormone measurement, assessment for treatment eligibility according to the diagnostic criteria by the research group of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and database generation and its utilization...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513848/aspergillus-fumigatus-in-cystic-fibrosis-an-update-on-immune-interactions-and-molecular-diagnostics-in-abpa
#5
REVIEW
Ania Carsin, Thomas Romain, Stéphane Ranque, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jean-Louis Mège, J Vitte
A wide spectrum of pathological conditions may result from the interaction of Aspergillus fumigatus and the immune system of its human host. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is one of the most severe Aspergillus fumigatus-related diseases due to possible evolution towards pleuropulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis occurs almost exclusively in cystic fibrosis or asthmatic patients. An estimated 8 to 10% of cystic fibrosis patients experience this condition...
May 17, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511150/disparities-in-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-and-survival-of-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-south-australians
#6
David Banham, David Roder, Dorothy Keefe, Gelareh Farshid, Marion Eckert, Margaret Cargo, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study tested the utility of retrospectively staging cancer registry data for comparing stage and stage-specific survivals of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people. Differences by area level factors were also explored. METHODS: This test dataset comprised 950 Aboriginal cases and all other cases recorded on the South Australian cancer registry with a 1977-2010 diagnosis. A sub-set of 777 Aboriginal cases diagnosed in 1990-2010 were matched with randomly selected non-Aboriginal cases by year of birth, diagnostic year, sex, and primary site of cancer...
May 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508580/37%C3%A2-year-snacking-trends-for-us-children-1977-2014
#7
E K Dunford, B M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that snacking is contributing to increased calorie intake of American children and that the energy density of snacks in US diets has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: Examine short-term and long-term trends in the energy density and food sources of snacks for US children from 1977 to 2014, and examine whether trends differ between socio-demographic groups. METHODS: We used data collected from eight nationally representative surveys of food intake in 49,952 US children age 2-18 years, between 1977 and 2014...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504236/switzerland-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#8
Fabio Rigamonti, Gregor Fahrni, Micha Maeder, Stéphane Cook, Daniel Weilenmann, Peter Wenaweser, Christian Röthlisberger, Roberto Corti, Hans Rickli, Christoph Kaiser, Marco Roffi
In 2015, Switzerland had a population of 8.3 million inhabitants. Since the first coronary angioplasty performed by Andreas Grüntzig in Zurich in 1977, the number of percutaneous procedures has steadily increased. The aim of this report is to summarise the current state of catheter-based cardiac interventions in adults in the country and to detail trends between 2010 and 2015. Since 1987, the Working Group for Interventional Cardiology of the Swiss Society of Cardiology has collected annually aggregate data from all facilities with cardiac catheterisation laboratories in the country...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504070/adverse-effects-on-health-and-wellbeing-of-working-as-a-doctor-views-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-1974-and-1977-surveyed-in-2014
#9
Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective To report on any adverse effects on health and wellbeing of working as a doctor, as described by senior doctors. Design Questionnaires sent in 2014 to all medical graduates of 1974 and 1977. Participants 3695 UK medical graduates. Setting United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Statements about adverse effects upon health, wellbeing and career. Results The aggregated response rate from contactable doctors was 84.6% (3695/4369). In response to the question 'Do you feel that working as a doctor has had any adverse effects on your own health or wellbeing?', 44% of doctors answered 'yes'...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501464/the-connection-between-nursing-diagnosis-and-the-use-of-healthcare-resources
#10
María Consuelo Company-Sancho, Marcos Estupiñán-Ramírez, Hilda Sánchez-Janáriz, Rita Tristancho-Ajamil
AIM: The health service invests up to 75% of its resources on chronic care where the focus should be on caring rather than curing. Nursing staff focuses their work on such care. Care requires being redorded in health histories through the standardized languages. These records enable useful analyses to organisational and healthcare decision-making. Our proposal is to know the association of between nursing diagnosis and a higher total expenditure on health. METHOD: An observational cross-sectional analytical study was performed based on data from electronic health records in Primary Care (Drago-AP), hospital discharges (CMBD-AH) and prescriptions (REC-SCS) of patients over 50 from 2012-2013 in the Canary Islands...
May 10, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498890/semen-quality-is-a-predictor-of-subsequent-morbidity-a-danish-cohort-study-of-4-712-men-with-long-term-follow-up
#11
Tabassam Latif, Tina Kold Jensen, Jesper Mehlsen, Stine Agergaard Holmboe, Louise Brinth, Kirsten Pors, Sven Olaf Skouby, Niels Jørgensen, Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen
Semen quality is suggested to be a biological marker of long-term morbidity and mortality; however, few studies have been conducted on this subject. We identified 5,785 men seen for infertility in Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark from 1977-2010, and 4,712 men were followed in the Danish National Patient Registry until first hospitalization, death or end of the study. We classified patients according to all hospitalizations and the presence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, testicular and prostate cancer. We found a clear association between sperm concentration below 15 mill/mL and all-cause hospitalizations, 50% (95% CI: 1...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498241/serum-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-normogram-for-the-detection-of-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia
#12
Yalcke Eysbouts, Rick Brouwer, Petronella Ottevanger, Leon Massuger, Fred Sweep, Chris Thomas, Antonius van Herwaarden
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) normogram for both uneventful complete and partial hydatidiform moles in the first-trimester ultrasound era. METHODS: An hCG normogram for both complete and partial hydatidiform moles was constructed, based on 639 patients with uneventful serum hCG regression after evacuation between 1990 and 2014. Serum hCG was measured by an in-house-developed radioimmunoassay, detecting both intact hCG and free β-subunit...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495511/biomolecular-nmr-past-and-future
#13
John L Markley, William Milo Westler
The editors of this special volume suggested this topic, presumably because of the perspective lent by our combined >90-year association with biomolecular NMR. What follows is our personal experience with the evolution of the field, which we hope will illustrate the trajectory of change over the years. As for the future, one can confidently predict that it will involve unexpected advances. Our narrative is colored by our experience in using the NMR Facility for Biomedical Studies at Carnegie-Mellon University (Pittsburgh) and in developing similar facilities at Purdue (1977-1984) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (1984-)...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486495/long-term-inpatient-disease-burden-in-the-adult-life-after-childhood-cancer-in-scandinavia-aliccs-study-a-cohort-study-of-21-297-childhood-cancer-survivors
#14
Sofie de Fine Licht, Kathrine Rugbjerg, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Trine G Bonnesen, Peter Haubjerg Asdahl, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Finn Wesenberg, Henrik Hasle, Jeanette F Winther, Jørgen H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood cancers. Therefore, we aimed to provide the most detailed overview of the long-term risk of hospitalisation in survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From the national cancer registers of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden, we identified 21,297 5-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20 years in the periods 1943-2008 in Denmark, 1971-2008 in Finland, 1955-2008 in Iceland, and 1958-2008 in Sweden...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481569/cognitive-modeling-as-an-interface-between-brain-and-behavior-measuring-the-semantic-decline-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#15
Brendan T Johns, Vanessa Taler, David B Pisoni, Martin R Farlow, Ann Marie Hake, David A Kareken, Frederick W Unverzagt, Michael N Jones
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterised by subjective and objective memory impairment in the absence of dementia. MCI is a strong predictor for the development of Alzheimer's disease, and may represent an early stage in the disease course in many cases. A standard task used in the diagnosis of MCI is verbal fluency, where participants produce as many items from a specific category (e.g., animals) as possible. Verbal fluency performance is typically analysed by counting the number of items produced...
May 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478931/sun-exposure-and-skin-cancer-and-the-puzzle-of-cutaneous-melanoma-a-perspective-on-fears-et-al-mathematical-models-of-age-and-ultraviolet-effects-on-the-incidence-of-skin-cancer-among-whites-in-the-united-states-american-journal-of-epidemiology-1977-105-420
#16
REVIEW
Bruce K Armstrong, Anne E Cust
Sunlight has been known as an important cause of skin cancer since around the turn of the 20th Century. A 1977 landmark paper of US scientists Fears, Scotto, and Schneiderman advanced a novel hypothesis whereby cutaneous melanoma was primarily caused by intermittent sun exposure (i.e. periodic, brief episodes of exposure to high-intensity ultraviolet radiation) while the keratinocyte cancers, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma, were primarily caused by progressive accumulation of sun exposure...
May 3, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478785/children-s-comprehension-of-plural-predicate-conjunction
#17
Lyn Tieu, Jacopo Romoli, Eva Poortman, Yoad Winter, Stephen Crain
Previous developmental studies of conjunction have focused on the syntax of phrasal and sentential coordination (Lust, 1977; de Villiers, Tager-Flusberg & Hakuta, 1977; Bloom, Lahey, Hood, Lifter & Fiess, 1980, among others). The present study examined the flexibility of children's interpretation of conjunction. Specifically, when two predicates that can apply simultaneously to a single individual are conjoined in the scope of a plural definite (The bears are big and white), conjunction receives a Boolean, intersective interpretation...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474185/occurrence-and-distribution-of-yellow-grub-trematodes-clinostomum-complanatum-infection-in-taiwan
#18
Mao-Lin Wang, Hui-Yu Chen, Hsiu-Hui Shih
Digenetic trematodes of the genus Clinostomum are widely distributed in many species of freshwater fish and are known to cause the zoonotic disease Halzoun. Humans may become accidental hosts if they ingest raw freshwater fish containing metacercaria of Clinostomum complanatum, which causes pharyngitis or laryngitis. The yellow grub parasitizing cultivated ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) and loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) was one of the most serious problems in fish farms from 1977 to 1979 in Taiwan. The present study revealed, for the first time, frequent occurrence of C...
May 4, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474163/-germ-cell-and-sex-cord-stromal-tumors-of-the-testis-who-classification-2016
#19
G Mikuz
Earlier revisions of the WHO classification of testicular tumors, which was originally published in 1977, contained only minor additions. In the WHO 2016 classification, in contrast, germ cell tumors are split into two major groups based on their distinct pathohistogenesis, i. e., those which derive from an in situ forerunner lesion and those which do not. The latter category includes prepubertal yolk sac tumors and teratomas, as well as spermatocytic seminoma. The classification of yolk sac tumors and teratomas as arising before or after puberty is also of prognostic value...
May 4, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468114/-brief-history-of-education-of-mongolian-medicine-1947-1977
#20
H X Yan, Y Zhen
From 1947 to 1977, the education of Mongolian medicine was developed to a certain degree, in different levels and different forms with attribute of modern education. Through opening training school and class, the traditional Mongolian practitioners and its education are standardized and its levels elevated. In addition, by means of medical colleges and health schools, Mongolian medical talents of different types at different levels were cultivated. All of them were at the forefront of the development of Mongolian medicine later...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
keyword
keyword
84386
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"