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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#1
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340774/-exercise-to-me-is-a-scary-word-perceptions-of-fatigue-sleep-dysfunction-and-exercise-in-people-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-focus-group-study
#2
D Russell, I C Álvarez Gallardo, I Wilson, C M Hughes, G W Davison, B Sañudo, J G McVeigh
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common and complex chronic pain condition. Exercise is recommended in the management of the FMS; however, people with FMS often find exercise exacerbates their condition and causes overwhelming fatigue. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of fatigue and sleep dysfunction, and exercise in people with FMS. Three, 60-90 min focus groups were conducted with people with FMS (n = 14). Participants were recruited from patient support groups who had experienced therapeutic exercise in the management of their condition...
January 16, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337458/-pulmonary-diseases-asthma-copd-and-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
Béatrice Duxbury, Émilie Chappuis-Gisin, Salim Chucri, Jean-Paul Janssens
Among the novelties described in the management of pulmonary disorders during the year 2017, we chose to describe three. First, the indication for inhaled glucocorticosteroids (ICS) in COPD has been revisited, because of their relationship with an increased occurence of pneumonia : ICS are now recommended only in severe COPD (GOLD D) with frequent exacerbations as second line treatment. Secondly, azithromycine has shown very promising results in poorly controlled severe asthma, with a significant impact on symptoms and exacerbations...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336905/getting-a-good-night-sleep-the-importance-of-recognizing-and-treating-nocturnal-hypokinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Claudia Trenkwalder
When Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are asked about the quality of their sleep, their answers are dominated by difficulties associated with impaired mobility in bed, medically referred to as nocturnal hypokinesia. Nocturnal hypokinesia is symptomatic from the mid-stage of the disease, affecting up to 70% of PD patients, and contributes to poor sleep quality, and increased carer burden. Here we explore four areas of nocturnal hypokinesia that are relevant to clinical practice, namely: manifestations and definition; clinical assessment and objective monitoring; etiologies and contributing factors; and evidence-based therapeutic approaches...
January 5, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#5
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333370/the-efficacy-of-oral-habit-modification-on-headache
#6
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Nafiseh Sheykhbahaei, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Farzad Fatehi
Objectives: Headache is the most common complaint of patients suffering from temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). Thus, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) examinations maybe necessary in patients with headache. Considering the high prevalence of bruxism and TMDs in patients with headache the effects of conservative TMD treatment on headache should be assessed. Materials and Methods: Patients were questioned about headaches in the past three months. Those responding affirmatively to this question were examined for TMD and bruxism...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#7
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#8
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329966/-overview-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-in-brazzaville-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
January 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#10
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#11
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325492/illness-perception-is-significantly-determined-by-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
K Nowicka-Sauer, A Hajduk, H Kujawska-Danecka, D Banaszkiewicz, Ż Smoleńska, Z Czuszyńska, J Siebert
Objectives Illness perception is a cognitive representation influencing physical and psychological functioning and adherence in patients with rheumatic disease. Studies exploring illness perception in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are still scarce and none of them have investigated factors determining illness perception. We aimed to assess illness perception and to identify psychological, clinical and sociodemographic factors that might influence illness perception in SLE. Methods The study involved 80 patients with SLE (87...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324058/evidence-based-guidelines-for-fatigue-risk-management-in-emergency-medical-services-a-step-in-the-right-direction-toward-better-sleep-health
#13
Daniel J Buysse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322844/among-middle-aged-adults-snoring-predicted-hypertension-independently-of-sleep-apnoea
#14
Habibolah Khazaie, Saeedeh Negahban, Mohammad R Ghadami, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Objective While the link between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertension is well established, the relationships between snoring, OSA, and hypertension remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the association between hypertension and snoring independently of OSA. Methods Adults with sleep difficulties underwent a one-night polysomnographic sleep assessment, including a thorough assessment of apnoea and snoring. Upon waking, blood pressure was measured, the measurement repeated after 15 min, in a resting position...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321233/effect-of-psychostimulants-on-blood-pressure-profile-and-endothelial-function-in-narcolepsy
#15
Adriana Bosco, Régis Lopez, Lucie Barateau, Sofiene Chenini, Carole Pesenti, Jean-Louis Pépin, Isabelle Jaussent, Yves Dauvilliers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of psychostimulant treatments on the 24-hour blood pressure (BP) profile of patients with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1). METHODS: Heart rate (HR) and BP were monitored for 24 hours and morning endothelial function was evaluated in 160 consecutive patients with NT1: 68 untreated (41 male, median age 34.9 years), 54 treated (32 male, median age 40.9 years), and 38 evaluated twice (21 male, median age 32 years), before and during treatment...
January 10, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321033/environmental-enrichment-intervention-for-rett-syndrome-an-individually-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial
#16
Jenny Downs, Jenny Rodger, Chen Li, Xuesong Tan, Nan Hu, Kingsley Wong, Nicholas de Klerk, Helen Leonard
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is caused by a pathogenic mutation in the MECP2 gene with major consequences for motor and cognitive development. One of the effects of impaired MECP2 function is reduced production of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), a protein required for normal neuronal development. When housed in an enriched environment, MECP2 null mice improved motor abilities and increased levels of BDNF in the brain. We investigated the effects of environmental enrichment on gross motor skills and blood BDNF levels in girls with Rett syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319458/efficacy-of-self-hypnosis-on-quality-of-life-for-children-with-chronic-pain-syndrome
#17
Honorine Delivet, Sophie Dugue, Alexis Ferrari, Silvia Postone, Souhayl Dahmani
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of self-hypnosis in a therapeutic education program (TEP) for the management of chronic pain in 26 children aged 7 to 17 years. Outcomes of the study were a total or a partial (at least 1) achievement of the therapeutic goals (pain, quality of sleeping, schooling, and functional activity). Sixteen patients decreased their pain intensity, 10 reached all of their therapeutic goals, and 9 reached them partially. Self-hypnosis was the only component of the TEP associated with these improvements...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318567/phenotyping-the-pathophysiology-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-polygraphy-polysomnography-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Marcello Bosi, Andrea De Vito, Bhik Kotecha, Luca Viglietta, Alberto Braghiroli, Joerg Steier, Martino Pengo, Giovanni Sorrenti, Riccardo Gobbi, Claudio Vicini, Venerino Poletti
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line treatment for the majority of patients affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). However, long-term compliance with CPAP therapy may result limited and alternatives to CPAP therapy are required to address the increasing need to provide tailored therapeutic options. Understanding the pathophysiological traits (PTs) of OSA patients [upper airway (UA) anatomical collapsibility, loop gain (LG), arousal threshold (AT), and UA gain (UAG)] lies at the heart of the customized OSA treatment...
January 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318372/severe-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-prader-willi-syndrome-patients-in-southern-italy
#19
Angelo Canora, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Valentina Fattorusso, Marialuisa Bocchino, Alessandro Sanduzzi
Sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) is very common in paediatric patients affected by Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). However, data addressing SBD patterns and their management are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyse SDB features in 14 PWS patients (age range, 8 months-17 years). Polygraphic registration (PG) during a 12-h nocturnal sleep was performed in all patients. Obstructive and central apnoea indices and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded along with demographic and clinical data...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#20
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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