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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783029/comparison-of-stanford-b-aortic-dissection-patients-who-received-tevar-combined-with-or-without-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
Xin Li, Wenwu Cai, Ping Zhang, Kun Fang, Jieting Zhu, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: Patients with Stanford B aortic dissection usually complicated with sleep apnea syndrome. This condition always threatens the patients' respiration situation. In this study, we collected and analysis data of patients' peri-operative managements of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Stanford B Aortic Dissection (AD) complicated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS). Comparison has been made between these SAS patients and those who without SAS. METHODS: Between June 2013 and June 2014, the clinical data and outcomes of the Stanford B AD patients in the department of vascular surgery in the Second Xiangya Hospital were retrospectively reviewed and studied...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782533/shared-responsibility-for-managing-fatigue-hearing-the-pilots
#2
Jennifer L Zaslona, Karyn M O'Keeffe, T Leigh Signal, Philippa H Gander
In commercial aviation, fatigue is defined as a physiological state of reduced mental or physical performance capability resulting from sleep loss, extended wakefulness, circadian phase, and/or workload. The International Civil Aviation Organisation mandates that responsibility for fatigue risk management is shared between airline management, pilots, and support staff. However, to date, the majority of research relating to fatigue mitigations in long range operations has focused on the mitigations required or recommended by regulators and operators...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782200/impact-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-the-development-of-class-ii-hyperdivergent-patients-receiving-orthodontic-treatment-a-pilot-study
#3
Tingting Zhao, Peter Ngan, Fang Hua, Jie Zheng, Shunquan Zhou, Man Zhang, Hui Xiong, Hong He
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a pilot study to determine if the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) influences the orthodontic treatment outcome of Class II hyperdivergent patients receiving comprehensive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 12 and 14 who received orthodontic treatment at the Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, China, were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: the OSA group and the control group, based on the outcome of pretreatment polysomnography findings and lateral cephalometric radiograph examination...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780225/sleep-and-psychiatric-abnormalities-in-gullian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#5
Wafik Said Bahnasy, Yasser Abo Elfotoh El-Heneedy, Ahmed Mohamed El-Shamy, Marwa Yassin Badr, Reham Ahmed Amer, Ibrahim Salah Eldeen Ibrahim
Background: The sensori-motor manifestations of Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS) are usually severe enough to mask the psychiatric and sleep problems which are in need for more attention for better functional outcome. Methods: This study was performed on 20 GBS patients and 10 healthy controls. Patients were evaluated initially before immunotherapy using the Overall Disability Sum Score (ODSS), Neuropathy Pain Scale (NPS), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS), Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and one-night polysomnography (PSG) followed by the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) to evaluate the mean sleep latencies...
2018: Egypt J Neurol Psychiatr Neurosurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#6
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779616/sleep-apnea-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#7
REVIEW
Jiahui Lin, Maria Suurna
Older adults undergo gradual changes in their sleep patterns. It is important to differentiate normal age-related sleep changes from sleep disorders. Because sleep disorders can impact an older adult's day-to-day life and contribute to various comorbidities, these patients should be carefully screened by using a detailed medical history, combined with a detailed sleep history. There is a high prevalence of undiagnosed and untreated sleep apnea in the elderly. Early identification and appropriate management of this disorder may not only provide improvement in quality of life but also decrease disease-associated morbidity and mortality...
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779599/traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-pulmonary-physiologic-principles-and-management
#8
REVIEW
Gregory J Schilero, William A Bauman, Miroslav Radulovic
In the United States, approximately 17,500 cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) occur each year, with an estimated 245,000 to 345,000 individuals living with chronic SCI. Acute management of respiratory dysfunction has resulted in improvement in early survival, but life expectancy remains less than that of the general population, and pulmonary complications are a leading cause of mortality. The global changes in pulmonary function, underlying pathophysiology, and the management options to improve respiratory muscle weakness and pulmonary clearance in persons with SCI are discussed...
June 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779564/effects-of-alertness-management-training-on-sleepiness-among-long-haul-truck-drivers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
M Pylkkönen, A Tolvanen, C Hublin, J Kaartinen, K Karhula, S Puttonen, M Sihvola, M Sallinen
Education is a frequently recommended remedy for driver sleepiness in occupational settings, although not many studies have examined its usefulness. To date, there are no previous on-road randomized controlled trials investigating the benefits of training on sleepiness among employees working in road transport. To examine the effects of an educational intervention on long-haul truck drivers' sleepiness at the wheel, amount of sleep between work shifts, and use of efficient sleepiness countermeasures (SCM) in association with night and non-night shift, a total of 53 truck drivers operating from southern Finland were allocated into an intervention and a control group using a stratified randomization method (allocation ratio for intervention and control groups 32:21, respectively)...
May 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779139/insomnia-short-sleep-duration-and-high-blood-pressure-recent-evidence-and-future-directions-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#10
REVIEW
Christina J Bathgate, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize research from the past 2 years on the association between insomnia, short sleep duration, and hypertension and provide a critical analysis of the evidence and suggestions for future directions in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence indicates that the association between insomnia and elevated blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 and 2 hypertension is stronger in those with chronic insomnia, as compared to those with isolated insomnia symptoms, and primarily found in those with the insomnia with objective short sleep duration phenotype...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778920/eveningness-chronotype-insomnia-symptoms-and-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-adolescents
#11
Shirley Xin Li, Ngan Yin Chan, Mandy Wai Man Yu, Siu Ping Lam, Jihui Zhang, Joey Wing Yan Chan, Albert Martin Li, Yun Kwok Wing
OBJECTIVE: Eveningness tendency and insomnia are common in adolescents, but whether they have an independent or synergistic effect on the risk of psychopathology have remained undefined. The present study aimed to examine eveningness chronotype and insomnia symptoms in relation to mental health and emotional and behavioural problems in a community-based adolescent population. METHODS: A total of 4948 adolescents (weighted mean age: 14.5 ± 1.8 years, weighted percentage of females: 48...
April 17, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778252/social-support-mastery-sleep-related-problems-and-their-association-with-functional-status-in-untreated-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients
#12
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
BACKGROUND: Social support and mastery are important aspects in the treatment of chronic diseases, however their role in connection with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the associations between social support, mastery, sleep-related problems and functional status in untreated OSA patients. METHODS: All patients in this cross-sectional study completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Pearlin Mastery Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776794/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-woman-knowing-its-specificities-for-a-better-management
#13
Souad Sediri, Anne Laure Madika, Jean Philippe Baguet, Anne Mallart, Christelle Charley-Monaca, Claire Mounier Vehier
Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of death in women. Their frequency is underestimated because of their atypical feminine clinical presentation. The pathway "heart, arteries and women", initiated at Lille's hospital center in 2013, was designed to improve pluridisciplinar approaches for women. Thus, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), known as a metabolic risk factor, was studied in several works. In post-menopausal women with cardiovascular risk, frequency of OSA seems underestimated. Clinical presentation of OSA in feminine patients can be misleading, and its screening seems essential, in light of its major cardiovascular impact...
May 15, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773211/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-reduces-risk-of-recurrent-atrial-fibrillation-after-catheter-ablation-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Feilong Deng, Ali Raza, Jun Guo
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that there is a strong relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, they have not identified whether treating OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) might reduce rates of recurrent AF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recurrent risk of AF after catheter ablation among patients with OSA who did receive or did nor receive CPAP therapy. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wan-fang databases was conducted to obtain relevant cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773209/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-type-2-diabetes-in-insomnia-sufferers-a-study-on-1311-individuals-referred-for-sleep-examinations
#15
Matthieu Hein, Jean-Pol Lanquart, Gwénolé Loas, Philippe Hubain, Paul Linkowski
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the particular relationship between insomnia and type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in insomnia sufferers. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of type 2 diabetes in a large sample of insomnia sufferers. METHODS: Data from 1311 insomnia sufferers recruited from the research database of the Erasme Hospital sleep laboratory were analyzed...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773147/hopelessness-and-cognitive-impairment-are-risk-markers-for-mortality-in-systolic-heart-failure-patients
#16
Claire J Byrne, Samia R Toukhsati, Deidre Toia, Paul D O'Halloran, David L Hare
OBJECTIVE: Depression exacerbates the burden of heart failure and independently predicts mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate which specific symptoms of depression predict all-cause mortality in systolic heart failure patients. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients with heart failure and impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), attending an Australian metropolitan heart function clinic between 2001 and 2011, were enrolled. The Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) was completed as a component of usual care...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770222/recurrent-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-adult-a-closer-look-at-bone-health-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Eleanor P Thong, Sarah Catford, Julie Fletcher, Phillip Wong, Peter J Fuller, Helena Teede, Frances Milat
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone health has garnered interest over the years. Fracture risk is known to be increased in individuals with T1DM, although bone health assessment is not often performed in the clinical setting. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male with longstanding T1DM with multilevel vertebral fractures on imaging, after presenting with acute back pain without apparent trauma. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) revealed significantly reduced bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767546/examining-courses-of-sleep-quality-and-sleepiness-in-full-2-weeks-on-2-weeks-off-offshore-day-shift-rotations
#18
V Riethmeister, U Bültmann, M R De Boer, M Gordijn, S Brouwer
To better understand sleep quality and sleepiness problems offshore, we examined courses of sleep quality and sleepiness in full 2-weeks on/2-weeks off offshore day shift rotations by comparing pre-offshore (1 week), offshore (2 weeks) and post-offshore (1 week) work periods. A longitudinal observational study was conducted among N=42 offshore workers. Sleep quality was measured subjectively with two daily questions and objectively with actigraphy, measuring: time in bed (TIB), total sleep time (TST), sleep latency (SL) and sleep efficiency percentage (SE%)...
May 16, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767345/metastatic-breast-cancer-collateral-damage-project-mbccd-scale-development-and-preliminary-results-of-the-survey-of-health-impact-needs-and-experiences-shine
#19
Timothy J Williamson, Susan M Love, Jessica N Clague DeHart, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Leah Eshraghi, Heather Cooper Ortner, Annette L Stanton
PURPOSE: Until recently, people with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) had a very poor prognosis. New treatment approaches have prolonged the time that people with MBC live, but their quality of life has received less attention. Consequently, the needs and concerns across financial, vocational, psychological, social, and physical domains in MBC patients are poorly understood-particularly regarding the collateral damage or longer-term, life-altering impacts of MBC and its treatments. This study's aims were to characterize MBC-related collateral damage, identify groups most likely to experience collateral damage, and examine its associations with psychological health, illness management, and health behaviors...
May 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766677/sleeping-child-neuroendocrine-cell-hyperplasia-of-infancy-and-polysomnography
#20
Deborah R Liptzin, Stephen M M Hawkins, Brandie D Wagner, Robin R Deterding
OBJECTIVES: Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a children's interstitial and diffuse lung disease of unknown etiology that presents in infancy with characteristic findings of tachypnea, retractions, crackles, and hypoxemia. At the present, the mainstay of treatment is oxygen supplementation to normalize oxygen saturations and decrease work of breathing. There are characteristic pulmonary function, radiographic, and histologic findings, but polysomnography (PSG) data has not been reported...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
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