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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721544/sleep-in-older-adults-and-in-subjects-with-dementia
#1
REVIEW
Helmut Frohnhofen, Jeanina Schlitzer, Nikolaus Netzer
The neuronal structures for the regulation of sleep and wakefulness are located in the brain. This complex network is vulnerable to numerous factors, most importantly neurodegenerative diseases and drugs. The macrostructure and microstructure of sleep change with age. These changes are more pronounced in subjects with dementia. Sleep disorders in subjects with dementia may be independent of dementia or caused by dementia. Furthermore, epidemiological studies reveal that sleep disorders per se may induce dementia by reduction of cerebral clearance of beta-amyloids...
July 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721049/the-potential-role-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-hiv-associated-depression-a-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
William C Nicholson, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Linda Moneyham, David E Vance
Depression is the most common comorbidity and neuropsychiatric complication in HIV. Estimates suggest that the prevalence rate for depression among HIV-infected individuals is three times that of the general population. The association between HIV and clinical depression is complex; however, chronic activation of inflammatory mechanisms, which disrupt central nervous system (CNS) function, may contribute to this association. Disruptions in CNS function can result in cognitive disorders, social withdrawal, fatigue, apathy, psychomotor impairment, and sleep disturbances, which are common manifestations in depression and HIV alike...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720670/symptom-clusters-and-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-copd
#3
Kyeung Eun Lim, Sung Reul Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, So Ri Kim
BACKGROUND: COPD is one of the most common respiratory diseases. Patients with COPD experience and suffer from various physical and psychological symptoms. We performed this study to identify symptom clusters and the effects on quality of life (QOL) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 130 COPD subjects were recruited from a university hospital in South Korea. Dyspnea, fatigue, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, dry mouth, and physical functional status were assessed with structured questionnaires...
July 18, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720269/relationships-of-salivary-cortisol-and-melatonin-rhythms-to-sleep-quality-emotion-and-fatigue-levels-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-lung-cancer
#4
Wen-Pei Chang, Chia-Chin Lin
PURPOSE: After being diagnosed with lung cancer, patients often experience sleep disturbance, anxiety, depression, and fatigue. These symptoms may occur because of changes in neurotransmitter secretion caused by tumors. This study investigated the correlation of cortisol and melatonin rhythms with sleep quality, anxiety, depression, and fatigue levels in patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer. METHOD: We conducted a case-control study and recruited 40 patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer and 40 healthy adults...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718463/-chewing-on-bruxism-associations-consequences-and-management
#5
F Lobbezoo, R Jacobs, A DE Laat, G Aarab, P Wetselaar, D Manfredini
In this second part of a diptych on bruxism, the focus is on the associations of this masticatory muscle activity with other sleep-related conditions. Its association with the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) has been a particular object of study. Bruxism seems to play a protective role in OSAS, although the evidence for this is not yet conclusive. Apart from this possible positive consequence, bruxism also has several negative consequences, for which evidence is available to a greater or lesser extent...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#6
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716087/explaining-variation-in-adult-anopheles-indoor-resting-abundance-the-relative-effects-of-larval-habitat-proximity-and-insecticide-treated-bed-net-use
#7
Robert S McCann, Joseph P Messina, David W MacFarlane, M Nabie Bayoh, John E Gimnig, Emanuele Giorgi, Edward D Walker
BACKGROUND: Spatial determinants of malaria risk within communities are associated with heterogeneity of exposure to vector mosquitoes. The abundance of adult malaria vectors inside people's houses, where most transmission takes place, should be associated with several factors: proximity of houses to larval habitats, structural characteristics of houses, indoor use of vector control tools containing insecticides, and human behavioural and environmental factors in and near houses. While most previous studies have assessed the association of larval habitat proximity in landscapes with relatively low densities of larval habitats, in this study these relationships were analysed in a region of rural, lowland western Kenya with high larval habitat density...
July 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715903/parkinson-s-disease-and-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis-a-perspective-on-the-challenges-treatments-and-economic-burden
#8
Doral Fredericks, James C Norton, Carolyn Atchison, Robert Schoenhaus, Michael W Pill
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with a decrease in the neurotransmitter dopamine and characterized by the cardinal motor hallmarks of resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia/akinesia, and postural instability. Lesser-known features of PD revolve around nonmotor concerns including psychosis, dementia, sleep disturbances, autonomic dysfunction, and sensory abnormalities. Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP) contributes significantly to morbidity, mortality, nursing home placement, and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715354/validation-of-eq-5d-and-15d-in-the-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chronic-pain
#9
Pekka Vartiainen, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Tarja Heiskanen, Nora Hagelberg, Seppo Mustola, Heli Forssell, Hannu Kautiainen, Eija Kalso
Chronic pain has a significant impact on quality of life. Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is essential in the assessment of pain management outcomes, but different instruments have produced varying results. We assessed the validity of 2 HRQoL instruments, EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) and 15-dimensional health-related quality of life measure (15D), in patients with challenging chronic pain. Three hundred ninety-one chronic noncancer pain patients referred to tertiary pain clinics completed EQ-5D, 15D, and a broad set of questionnaires mapping socioeconomic factors, self-rated health, pain intensity and interference, depression, pain acceptance, pain-related anxiety, and sleep...
August 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#10
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
July 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711232/sleep-an-underemphasized-aspect-of-health-and-development-in-neurorehabilitation
#11
Olaf Verschuren, Jan Willem Gorter, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart
Sleep deficiency has unique causes and implications for children with neonatal brain injury; contributing to the development or exacerbation of neurodevelopmental impairments and yet it is an underemphasized aspect of health and development. There is very little research evidence to guide the management of sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy, a common neurodevelopmental disability of childhood. This paper is a comprehensive review and analysis of the literature regarding what is known about sleep quantity and quality in children with cerebral palsy...
July 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710780/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#12
O Kalejaiye, Amr Abdel Raheem, A Moubasher, M Capece, S McNeillis, A Muneer, N Christopher, G Garaffa, D Ralph
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of OSA in men presenting with ED at a single centre. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All men attending a specialised andrology outpatient department with a new diagnosis of erectile dysfunction were included in this prospective study. All patients completed 3 questionnaires: International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and 2 sleep questionnaires. The sleep questionnaires used were the 'OSA screening' questionnaire and the Insomnia severity index'...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709566/selected-comorbidities-of-atopic-dermatitis-atopy-neuropsychiatric-and-musculoskeletal-disorders
#13
Jonathan I Silverberg
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic inflammatory skin disease with substantial morbidity and quality of life impairment. There are a number of comorbid health problems that occur in patients with AD, aside from the cutaneous signs and symptoms. Chronic pruritus and inflammation can lead to sleep disturbances and mental health symptoms, which are not mutually exclusive. AD is associated with and may predispose to higher risk of other atopic disorders, including asthma and hay fever. Persons with AD appear to be at higher risk for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, speech disorders in childhood, headaches, and seizures...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707209/anaesthetic-preparation-of-obese-patients-current-status-on-optimal-work-up
#15
REVIEW
Asta Lukosiute, Anil Karmali, Jonathan Mark Cousins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the prevalence of obesity rapidly growing, bariatric anaesthesia becomes everyday anaesthesia rather than a subspecialty. In this review, we are aiming to draw attention to this complex group of patients and their comorbidities, relevant to everyday practice for contemporary anaesthetists. RECENT FINDINGS: We wanted to focus greatly on sleep-related breathing disorders, because preoperative screening, diagnosis and treatment of the aforementioned make a huge impact in the improvement of preoperative morbidity and mortality, including positive effects on the cardiovascular system...
July 13, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707054/frequency-and-management-of-sleep-disturbance-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Caleb Jeon, Di Yan, Mio Nakamura, Sahil Sekhon, Tina Bhutani, Timothy Berger, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Intense nocturnal pruritus as well as the complex pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (AD) can severely affect sleep and become a major factor in negatively impacting quality of life in adults. However, much of the literature on sleep disturbance in AD patients is on the pediatric population, and it is not well studied in adults. Furthermore, limited studies are available to guide effective management of sleep disturbance in AD in general. We review the literature to present the studies that have investigated the relationship between AD and its effect on sleep in adults and provide an approach for clinicians caring for this population...
July 13, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706399/comparative-effect-of-divided-doses-of-adult-solid-and-liquid-oral-formulations-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-the-management-of-pediatric-epilepsy
#17
Ravi Prasad Nidanapu, Bascarane Tamijarassy, Subramanian Mahadevan, Batmanabane Gitanjali
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in the efficacy and safety of the commonly prescribed AEDs in the management of epilepsy in children when using divided doses of adult solid oral formulations (DDSF) with the liquid oral formulations (LFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had one or more seizures per month and prescribed with DDSF were recruited. Initially the patients were continued on DDSF for 4 months following which they were switched over to LF for the subsequent 4 months...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705181/the-impact-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-symptom-burden-among-hiv-outpatients-with-low-cd4-count-in-rural-uganda-nested-longitudinal-cohort-study
#18
Katie Wakeham, Richard Harding, Jonathan Levin, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Anatoli Kamali, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with HIV have a high prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms throughout their disease course. Despite the clinical and public health implications of unresolved pain and symptoms, little is known about the effect of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) on these outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact on symptom burden for the year after ART initiation in individuals with a CD4 count <200 cells/uL in Uganda. METHODS: HIV-infected, ART-naıve adults referred from voluntary testing and counseling services in rural Uganda for enrollment into a randomized controlled trial to test fluconazole as primary prophylaxis against cryptococcal disease were invited to complete the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) prior to commencing ART and at two subsequent follow up visits...
July 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692910/beyond-symptom-monitoring-consumer-needs-for-bipolar-disorder-self-management-using-smartphones
#20
J Nicholas, K Boydell, H Christensen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential use of smartphone apps to support self-management in young adults with bipolar disorder. METHODS: We recruited 89 young adults (18-30 years) with bipolar disorder to complete a cross-sectional online survey. The survey contained quantitative and qualitative questions regarding technology use, current use of disorder-management apps, types of apps desired for disorder management, and app features that users would consider important when selecting apps...
June 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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