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Sleep management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319182/the-viability-of-an-ecologically-valid-chronic-sleep-restriction-and-circadian-timing-protocol-an-examination-of-sample-attrition-compliance-and-effectiveness-at-impacting-sleepiness-and-mood
#1
David L Dickinson, Sean P A Drummond, Todd McElroy
Chronic sleep restriction (SR) increases sleepiness, negatively impacts mood, and impairs a variety of cognitive performance measures. The vast majority of work establishing these effects are tightly controlled in-lab experimental studies. Examining commonly-experienced levels of SR in naturalistic settings is more difficult and generally involves observational methods, rather than active manipulations of sleep. The same is true for analyzing behavioral and cognitive outcomes at circadian unfavorable times...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316907/sleep-apps-and-behavioral-constructs-a-content-analysis
#2
Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Jong Cheol Shin, Dayanna M Reeves, Ariana Beattie, Evan Auguste, Girardin Jean-Louis
Although sleep apps are among the most popular commercially available health apps, little is known about how well these apps are grounded in behavioral theory. Three-hundred and sixty-nine apps were initially identified using the term "sleep" from the Google play store and Apple iTunes in September 2015. The final sample consisted of 35 apps that met the following inclusion criteria: 1) Stand-alone functionality; 2) Sleep tracker or monitor apps ranked by 100 + users; 3) Sleep Alarm apps ranked by 1000 + users; and 4) English language...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315177/physical-symptoms-screening-for-cardiopulmonary-complications-of-obesity-using-audio-computer-assisted-self-interviews
#3
Jorge L Morales-Estrella, Farah D Ciftci, William E Trick, Keiki Hinami
PURPOSE: The main study objective was to assess the predictive value of selected physical symptoms for screening obstructive sleep apnea and major cardiac conditions in adults with obesity, thus providing the evidence for routine symptom screening of obesity complications endorsed by obesity management clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using patient-reported outcomes data including the physical symptoms severity component of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale administered through Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interviews combined with data from the electronic medical records of an urban safety-net primary care clinic...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314054/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-nature-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-in-people-with-psoriasis
#4
A L Henry, S D Kyle, A Chisholm, C E M Griffiths, C Bundy
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that sleep disturbance is common in psoriasis. Despite 32 studies conducted in sleep, many demonstrate methodological flaws, often using unvalidated measurement, with no study examining multiple dimensions of sleep-wake functioning. Moreover, research has yet to comprehensively examine the range of physical and psychological factors that may affect sleep in people with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To characterise sleep disturbance using validated measures and identify physical and psychological predictors of sleep quality in people with psoriasis...
March 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299260/controlling-the-vector-of-distraction-osteogenesis-in-the-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Dekel Shilo, Omri Emodi, Dror Aizenbud, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in individuals with craniofacial anomalies can compromise airway and is a serious life-threatening condition. In many cases, tracheostomy is carried out as the treatment of choice. Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible as a treatment modality for OSA is very useful and may spare the need for tracheostomy or allow decannulation, yet controlling the vector of distraction is still a major challenge. We present a method for controlling the vector of distraction...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299255/changes-in-posterior-airway-space-and-mandibular-plane-hyoid-distance-following-mandibular-advancement-do
#6
Pushpa Kumari, S K Roy, Indranil Dev Roy, A K Rajput, M P Prasanna Kumar, Sanjeev Datana, Serat Rahman
AIM: To study the changes in posterior airway space (PAS) and mandibular plane hyoid (MPH) distance following mandibular advancement using distraction osteogenesis (DO). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care dental center from May 2009 to May 2014. Twenty-five consecutively operated patients of mandibular hypoplasia who underwent mandibular advancement using distraction with at least 12 months follow-up were included in the study...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298397/predictors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-patients-admitted-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Jordi de Batlle, Cecilia Turino, Alicia Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Jorge Abad, Joaquín Duran-Cantolla, R Douglas McEvoy, Nick A Antic, Olga Mediano, Valentín Cabriada, Maria José Masdeu, Joaquín Teran, Joan Valls, Ferran Barbé, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre
Identifying undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients in cardiovascular clinics could improve their management. Aiming to build an OSA predictive model, a broad analysis of clinical variables was performed in a cohort of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients.Sociodemographic, anthropometric, life-style and pharmacological variables were recorded. Clinical measures included blood pressure, electrocardiography, echocardiography, blood count, troponin levels and a metabolic panel. OSA was diagnosed using respiratory polygraphy...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295424/long-term-future-risk-of-severe-exacerbations-distinct-5-year-trajectories-of-problematic-asthma
#8
Anthony C A Yii, Jessica H Y Tan, Therese S Lapperre, Adrian K W Chan, Su Y Low, Thun H Ong, Keng L Tan, Sanjay H Chotirmall, Peter J Sterk, Mariko S Koh
BACKGROUND: Assessing future risk of exacerbations is an important component of asthma management. Existing studies have investigated short-, but not long-term risk. Problematic asthma patients with unfavorable long-term disease trajectory and persistently frequent severe exacerbations need to be identified early to guide treatment. METHODS: Severe exacerbation rates over five years for 177 "problematic asthma" patients presenting to a specialist asthma clinic were tracked...
March 11, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293799/the-impact-of-daily-sleep-hours-on-the-health-of-korean-middle-aged-women
#9
Chang Ho Ha, Minyong Lee
This study aimed to examine the association between sleep and health in order to provide useful information to manage the health of obese women in the future. One hundred fifty-five Korean women aged 40-60 years without a previous diagnosis of abnormal glucose metabolism or other health problems and with body fat percentages greater than 30 percent were classified into two groups: a non-obese group and an obese group. Sleep hours exhibited a significant positive correlation with weight, body mass index, muscle mass, and glucose levels in the obese group...
March 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293560/when-yawning-occurs-in-elephants
#10
Zoë T Rossman, Benjamin L Hart, Brian J Greco, Debbie Young, Clare Padfield, Lisa Weidner, Jennifer Gates, Lynette A Hart
Yawning is a widely recognized behavior in mammalian species. One would expect that elephants yawn, although to our knowledge, no one has reported observations of yawning in any species of elephant. After confirming a behavioral pattern matching the criteria of yawning in two Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in a zoological setting, this study was pursued with nine captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at a private reserve in the Western Cape, South Africa, the Knysna Elephant Park. Observations were made in June-September and in December...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293491/disparities-in-utilization-of-jaw-surgery-for-treatment-of-sleep-apnea-a-nationwide-analysis
#11
Ravi K Garg, Ying Shan, Jeffrey A Havlena, Ahmed M Afifi
BACKGROUND: Maxillomandibular advancement has been shown to be one of the most effective operations for management of severe obstructive sleep apnea, yet pharyngeal surgery is more commonly performed. The goal of this study was to identify socioeconomic factors associated with this phenomenon. METHODS: Patients aged 14 or older with a primary hospital diagnosis of sleep apnea were identified using the National Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2012. ICD9 codes were used to determine whether a pharyngeal or jaw procedure was performed...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288595/mindful-yoga-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
James W Carson, Kimberly M Carson, Maren K Olsen, Linda Sanders, Laura S Porter
BACKGROUND: Women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) have average life expectancies of about 2 years, and report high levels of disease-related symptoms including pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, psychological distress, and functional impairment. There is growing recognition of the limitations of medical approaches to managing such symptoms. Yoga is a mind-body discipline that has demonstrated a positive impact on psychological and functional health in early stage breast cancer patients and survivors, but has not been rigorously studied in advanced cancer samples...
March 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287446/sitting-time-physical-activity-and-sleep-by-work-type-and-pattern-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#13
Bronwyn K Clark, Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Mitch J Duncan, Wendy Brown
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were used to examine how work was associated with time spent sleeping, sitting and in physical activity (PA), in working women. Young (31-36 years; 2009) and mid-aged (59-64 years; 2010) women reported sleep (categorised as shorter ≤6 h/day and longer ≥8 h/day) and sitting time (work, transport, television, non-work computer, and other; summed for total sitting time) on the most recent work and non-work day; and moderate and vigorous PA (categorised as meeting/not meeting guidelines) in the previous week...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287069/ictus-emeticus-presenting-as-an-unusual-seizure-type-in-chromosome-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#14
Pi-Lien Hung, Li-Tung Huang, Shang-Yeong Kwan, Kai-Ping Chang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Yi-Yen Lee, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Chien Chen
We present a case study of a patient with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome presenting with ictus emeticus, together with a review of the relevant literature. The patient developed generalized tonic-clonic seizures at 3 months old, and seizures eventually remitted after calcium therapy. He then experienced vigorous vomiting that occurred during sleep, with glassy eyes and legs flexion. Video-EEG recordings exhibited a switch in background activity from organized reactivity during normal sleep to left lateralized temporal delta activity, which was bilaterally synchronized during an emetic attack...
March 8, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285739/neuropsychiatric-comorbidities-in-adults-with-phenylketonuria-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Deborah A Bilder, Joyce A Kobori, Jessica L Cohen-Pfeffer, Erin M Johnson, Elaina R Jurecki, Mitzie L Grant
Adults with phenylketonuria (PKU) may experience neurologic and psychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, anxiety, depression, and neurocognitive dysfunction. Identifying the prevalence and prevalence ratios of these conditions will inform clinical treatment. This nested, case-controlled study used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes from the MarketScan® insurance claims databases from 2006 to 2012 and healthcare claims data for US-based employer and government-sponsored health plans...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282912/predictors-of-nightly-subjective-objective-sleep-discrepancy-in-poor-sleepers-over-a-seven-day-period
#16
Vanessa Herbert, Daniel Pratt, Richard Emsley, Simon D Kyle
This study sought to examine predictors of subjective/objective sleep discrepancy in poor sleepers. Forty-two individuals with insomnia symptoms (mean age = 36.2 years, 81% female) were recruited to take part in a prospective study which combined seven days of actigraphy with daily assessment of sleep perceptions, self-reported arousal, sleep effort, and mood upon awakening. A high level of intra-individual variability in measures of sleep discrepancy was observed. Multilevel modelling revealed that higher levels of pre-sleep cognitive activity and lower mood upon awakening were significantly and independently predictive of the underestimation of total sleep time...
March 9, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282233/dietary-management-of-hyperthyroidism-in-a-dog
#17
Andrea Looney, Joseph Wakshlag
An 8 yr old female spayed golden retriever presented for a routine exam during which ventral cervical soft tissue masses were identified. History included weight loss, increased activity and appetite, gagging, and occasional diarrhea. Exam findings included a body condition score of 4/9 and palpable ventral cervical nodules. A serum thyroxine (T4) value was 8.0 ug/dL (normal = 0.8-3.5ug/dL). Doppler systolic blood pressure readings ranged from 200-210 mmHg (normal systolic blood pressure <150 mmHg). The diagnosis was hyperthyroidism due to active thyroid masses...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281052/interest-of-an-auto-adjustable-nighttime-compression-sleeve-mobiderm%C3%A2-autofit-in-maintenance-phase-of-upper-limb-lymphedema-the-marilyn-pilot-rct
#18
S Mestre, C Calais, G Gaillard, M Nou, M Pasqualini, C Ben Amor, I Quere
PURPOSE: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a debilitating condition. The recommended treatment is based on decongestive lymphedema therapy (DLT) with two separate phases: a short-term intensive phase to reduce lymphedema volume and a long-term maintenance phase to stabilize it. Optimizing compression therapy and compliance during maintenance phase are key factors for long-term control of lymphedema. The primary objective of this pilot prospective open-label randomized study was to assess the benefit of a new auto-adjustable nighttime arm sleeve (MOBIDERM® Autofit) on lymphedema volume during the maintenance phase after the intensive phase...
March 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280616/differences-in-symptom-occurrence-severity-and-distress-ratings-between-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancers-who-received-chemotherapy-alone-or-chemotherapy-with-targeted-therapy
#19
Ilufredo Y Tantoy, Anand Dhruva, Janine Cataldo, Alan Venook, Bruce A Cooper, Steven M Paul, Jon D Levine, Yvette P Conley, Frances Cartwright, Kathryn Lee, Fay Wright, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Approximately 28% of patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancers will receive targeted therapy (TT) because of the associated increases in survival. Only four studies have examined the symptom experience of these patients. To date, no studies have evaluated for differences in symptom occurrence, severity, and distress between patients who received chemotherapy (CTX) alone (n=304) or CTX with TT (n=93). METHODS: Patients completed self-report questionnaires, approximately one week after they received CTX...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280384/tapentadol-extended-release-for-the-management-of-chronic-neck-pain
#20
Domenico Billeci, Flaminia Coluzzi
BACKGROUND: The role of opioids in the management of chronic neck pain is still poorly investigated. No data are available on tapentadol extended release (ER). In this article, we present 54 patients with moderate-to-severe chronic neck pain treated with tapentadol ER. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received tapentadol ER 100 mg/day; dosage was then adjusted according to clinical needs. The following parameters were recorded: pain; Douleur Neuropathique 4 score; Neck Disability Index score; range of motion; pain-associated sleep interference; quality of life (Short Form [36] Health Survey); Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC); Clinician GIC; opioid-related adverse effects; and need for other analgesics...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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