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"Insulin-Like Growth Factor"

Alexandra M V Wennberg, Clinton E Hagen, Mary M Machulda, John H Hollman, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, Ronald C Petersen, Michelle M Mielke
Levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3, and their ratio in the blood may be useful for monitoring those at risk of cognitive and functional decline. However, the association between IGF measures and functional and cognitive outcomes has been mixed, and the associations may vary by sex. The present study investigated the cross-sectional, sex-specific associations between serum measures total IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and the IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratio, gait speed, and cognition in 1320 cognitively unimpaired participants aged 50-95 years enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging...
February 19, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Michael B Ranke, Jan M Wit
Growth hormone (GH) research and its clinical application for the treatment of growth disorders span more than a century. During the first half of the 20th century, clinical observations and anatomical and biochemical studies formed the basis of the understanding of the structure of GH and its various metabolic effects in animals. The following period (1958-1985), during which pituitary-derived human GH was used, generated a wealth of information on the regulation and physiological role of GH - in conjunction with insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) - and its use in children with GH deficiency (GHD)...
March 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
Su Hwan Lee, Ju Hye Shin, Joo Han Song, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Joon Chang, Kyung Soo Chung
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels are known to increase in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Herein, we investigated the role of IGF-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury. In LPS-treated cells, expressions of receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylated mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were decreased in IGF-1 receptor small interfering RNA (siRNA)-treated cells compared to control cells. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor-α, and macrophage inflammatory protein 2/C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2 in the supernatant were significantly reduced in IGF-1 receptor siRNA-treated cells compared to control cells...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Charles Cai, Taimur Ahmad, Gloria B Valencia, Jacob V Aranda, Jiliu Xu, Kay D Beharry
OBJECTIVES: Extremely low gestational age neonates with chronic lung disease requiring oxygen therapy frequently experience fluctuations in arterial oxygen saturation or intermittent hypoxia (IH). These infants are at risk for multi-organ developmental delay, reduced growth, and short stature. The growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) system, an important hormonal regulator of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, promotes neonatal growth and development. We tested the hypothesis that increasing episodes of IH delay neonatal growth by influencing the GH/IGF-I axis...
March 8, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Ni Zhu, Bing Yi, Zhifu Guo, Guanxin Zhang, Shengdong Huang, Yongwen Qin, Xianxian Zhao, Jianxin Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pim-1 is a serine/threonine kinase that is highly expressed in the heart, and exerts potent cardiac protective effects through enhancing survival, proliferation, and regeneration of cardiomyocytes. Its myocardial specific substrates, however, remain unknown. In the present study, we aim to investigate whether Pim-1 modulates myofilament activity through phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a key component in regulating myofilament function in the heart. METHODS: Coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent assays were employed to investigate the interaction of Pim-1 with cTnI in cardiomyocytes...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Francesca Mossa, Daniela Bebbere, Antonello Ledda, Giovanni P Burrai, Imane Chebli, Elisabetta Antuofermo, Sergio Ledda, Antonello Cannas, Francesco Fancello, Alberto S Atzori
Maternal nutrition during critical gestation periods impacts on offspring in later life; effects of high-starch maternal diet on testicular development in lambs were addressed. Dairy ewes were fed diets providing either 27% (Starch, S) or 11% (Fiber, F) of starch from mating to lambing (∼147 days; S147, F147) or for the last 75 days of gestation (S75, F75). Testes of single male lambs were measured and then sampled for histological and gene expression analyses at selected ages. Testicular dimensions and weight were similar among groups, but the total area of seminiferous tubules increased with age and tended to be higher (P = 0...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
C T Bahadir, G C Ecemis, H Atmaca
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) with the pathogenesis of non-functioning adrenocortical adenomas (NFAs). METHODS: This study included 50 female patients (mean age 54 years) with NFAs, 55 patients (mean age 48 years; 20 male, 35 female) with acromegaly and 38 female control subjects (mean age 58 years). Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) of the subjects were recorded and blood samples for IGF-1 were taken...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Joanna Stanicka, Leonie Rieger, Sandra O'Shea, Orla Cox, Michael Coleman, Ciara O'Flanagan, Barbara Addario, Nuala McCabe, Richard Kennedy, Rosemary O'Connor
IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and integrin cooperative signaling promotes cancer cell survival, proliferation, and motility, but whether this influences cancer progression and therapy responses is largely unknown. Here we investigated the non-receptor tyrosine adhesion kinase FES-related (FER), following its identification as a potential mediator of sensitivity to IGF-1R kinase inhibition in a functional siRNA screen. We found that FER and the IGF-1R co-locate in cells and can be co-immunoprecipitated. Ectopic FER expression strongly enhanced IGF-1R expression and phosphorylation on tyrosines 950 and 1131...
March 15, 2018: Oncogene
V Rochira, G Mossetto, N Jia, S Cannavo, P Beck-Peccoz, G Aimaretti, M R Ambrosio, C Di Somma, M Losa, D Ferone, C Lubrano, C Scaroni, A Giampietro, S M Corsello, M Poggi
PURPOSE: To examine differences in effects according to growth hormone (GH) treatment duration in adult GH-deficient patients. METHODS: In the Italian cohort of the observational Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study, GH-treated adults with GH deficiency (GHD) were grouped by duration of treatment; ≤ 2 years (n = 451), > 2 to ≤ 6 years (n = 387) and > 6 years (n = 395). Between-group differences in demographics, medical history, physical characteristics, insulin-like growth factor-I standard deviation score (IGF-I SDS) and lipid profile at baseline, last study visit and changes from baseline to last study visit were assessed overall, for adult- and childhood-onset GHD and by gender using ANOVA for continuous variables and Chi-squared test for categorical variables...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Emilie Clement, Hiroyuki Inuzuka, Naoe T Nihira, Wenyi Wei, Alex Toker
The PI3K-AKT kinase signaling pathway is frequently deregulated in human cancers, particularly breast cancer, where amplification and somatic mutations of PIK3CA occur with high frequency in patients. Numerous small-molecule inhibitors targeting both PI3K and AKT are under clinical evaluation, but dose-limiting toxicities and the emergence of resistance limit therapeutic efficacy. Various resistance mechanisms to PI3K inhibitors have been identified, including de novo mutations, feedback activation of AKT, or cross-talk pathways...
March 13, 2018: Science Signaling
Fumihiko Hakuno, Shin-Ichiro Takahashi
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) bind specifically to the IGF-I receptor on the cell surface of targeted tissues. Ligand binding to the α subunit of the receptor leads to a conformational change in the β subunit, resulting in the activation of receptor tyrosine kinase activity. Activated receptor phosphorylates several substrates, including insulin receptor substrates (IRSs) and Src-homology collagen (Shc). Phosphotyrosine residues in these substrates are recognized by certain Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing signaling molecules...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Manish K Thakur, Lance Heilbrun, Kimberlee Dobson, Julie Boerner, Karri Stark, Jing Li, Daryn Smith, Elisabeth Heath, Joseph Fontana, Ulka Vaishampayan
BACKGROUND: Pasireotide (SOM230; Novartis Inc, Basel, Switzerland) is a multitargeted somatostatin receptor analogue likely to treat the neuroendocrine, and docetaxel resistant components within metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This phase I trial tested the combination of pasireotide, docetaxel, and prednisone in pretreated mCRPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Chemotherapy naive mCRPC patients received docetaxel 75 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days and pasireotide intramuscularly every 28 days at escalating dose levels of 40, 60, and 80 mg...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Ileana Ruxandra Botusan, Xiaowei Zheng, Sampath Narayanan, Jacob Grünler, Vivekananda Gupta Sunkari, Freja S Calissendorff, Ishrath Ansurudeen, Christopher Illies, Johan Svensson, John-Olov Jansson, Claes Ohlsson, Kerstin Brismar, Sergiu-Bogdan Catrina
OBJECTIVE: IGF-I is a growth factor, which is expressed in virtually all tissues. The circulating IGF-I is however derived mainly from the liver. IGF-I promotes wound healing and its levels are decreased in wounds with low regenerative potential such as diabetic wounds. However, the contribution of circulating IGF-I to wound healing is unknown. Here we investigated the role of systemic IGF-I on wound healing rate in mice with deficiency of liver-derived IGF-I (LI-IGF-I-/- mice) during normal (normoglycemic) and impaired wound healing (diabetes)...
2018: PloS One
Liu-Lin Xiong, Yu Zou, Yu Shi, Piao Zhang, Rong-Ping Zhang, Xie-Jie Dai, Bin Liu, Ting-Hua Wang
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of implanted neural stem cells (NSCs) on the functional recovery of tree shrews (TSs) subjected to hemi‑sectioned spinal cord injury (hSCI), and to investigate the possible mechanism involved. NSCs (passage 2), derived from the hippocampus of TSs (embryonic day 20), were labeled with Hoechst 33342 and transplanted intraspinally into the hSC of TSs at thoracic level 10 in the acute (immediately after injury) and chronic (day 9 post‑injury) stages...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Rossella Titone, Meifang Zhu, Danielle M Robertson
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are present in human tears and likely play an important role in mediating ocular surface homeostasis. We previously characterized the IGF-1/insulin hybrid receptor (Hybrid-R) in corneal epithelial cells and found that it was activated by IGF-1 and not insulin; and reported the novel finding that it localized to the corneal epithelial cell nucleus. Since the corneal epithelium is an insulin insensitive tissue and does not require insulin for glucose uptake, this study investigated the function of insulin in corneal epithelial cells...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Asokan Devarajan, Feng Su, Victor Grijalva, Meghna Yalamanchi, Ashna Yalamanchi, Feng Gao, Hannah Trost, Josephine Nwokedi, Gina Farias-Eisner, Robin Farias-Eisner, Alan M Fogelman, Srinivasa T Reddy
Ovarian cancer (OC) is most lethal malignancy among all gynecological cancer. Large bodies of evidences suggest that mitochondrial-derived ROS play a critical role in the development and progression of OC. Paraoxonase 2 (PON2) is a membrane-associated lactonase with anti-oxidant properties. PON2 deficiency aggravates mitochondrial ROS formation, systemic inflammation, and atherosclerosis. The role of PON2 in cancer development remains unknown. In this report, in human, we identified that PON2 expression is higher in early stages (but not in late stages) of OC when compared to normal tissue...
March 12, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Akshay Bareja, Conrad P Hodgkinson, Erik Soderblom, Greg Waitt, Victor J Dzau
The insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a receptor tyrosine kinase with critical roles in various biological processes. Recent results from clinical trials targeting IGF1R indicate that IGF1R signaling pathways are more complex than previously thought. Moreover, it has become increasingly clear that the function of many proteins can be understood only in the context of a network of interactions. To that end, we sought to profile IGF1R-protein interactions with the proximity-labeling technique BioID...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ye-Ping Jiang, Ying Shen, Xiao-Rong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of children on maintenance hemodialysis due to stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the clinical significance of nutritional assessment indices. METHODS: A total of 21 children on maintenance hemodialysis due to stage 5 CKD were grouped according to body mass index. The nutritional status was assessed based on anthropometric parameters, biochemical parameters, inflammatory factors, residual renal function, indices of dialysis adequacy, and resting energy expenditure...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Anne-Laure Nivet, Isabelle Dufort, Isabelle Gilbert, Marc-André Sirard
In reproduction, FSH is one of the most important hormones, especially in females, because it controls the number of follicles and the rate of follicular growth. Although several studies have examined the follicular response at the transcriptome level, it is difficult to obtain a clear and complete picture of the genes responding to an increase in FSH in an in vivo context because follicles undergo rapid morphological and physical changes during their growth. To help define the transcriptome downstream response to FSH, an in vitro model was used in the present study to observe the short-term (4h) cellular response...
March 13, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Katja M Gist, David S Cooper, Julia Wrona, Sarah Faubel, Christopher Altmann, Zhiqian Gao, Bradley S Marino, Jeffrey Alten, Kristal M Hock, Tomoyuki Mizuno, Alexander A Vinks, Melanie S Joy, Michael F Wempe, Michael R Bennett, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Milrinone, an inotropic agent used ubiquitously in children after cardiac surgery, accumulates in acute kidney injury (AKI). We assessed if urinary AKI biomarkers are predictive of an increase in milrinone concentrations in infants after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Multicenter prospective pilot study of infants undergoing cardiac surgery. Urinary AKI biomarkers were measured in the urine at specific time intervals after cardiopulmonary bypass initiation...
April 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
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