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"Small for Gestational Age"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319949/the-impact-of-kidney-development-on-the-life-course-a-consensus-document-for-action
#1
(no author information available yet)
Hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a significant impact on global morbidity and mortality. The Low Birth Weight and Nephron Number Working Group has prepared a consensus document aimed to address the relatively neglected issue for the developmental programming of hypertension and CKD. It emerged from a workshop held on April 2, 2016, including eminent internationally recognized experts in the field of obstetrics, neonatology, and nephrology. Through multidisciplinary engagement, the goal of the workshop was to highlight the association between fetal and childhood development and an increased risk of adult diseases, focusing on hypertension and CKD, and to suggest possible practical solutions for the future...
March 21, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319175/preeclampsia-in-kidney-transplanted-women-outcomes-and-a-simple-prognostic-risk-score-system
#2
Guri Baardstu Majak, Anna Varberg Reisæter, Manuela Zucknick, Bjørg Lorentzen, Siri Vangen, Tore Henriksen, Trond Melbye Michelsen
Women pregnant following kidney transplantation are at high risk of preeclampsia. Identifying the effects of preeclampsia on pregnancy outcome and allograft function in kidney transplanted women, and predicting which women will require more targeted follow-up and possible therapeutic intervention, could improve both maternal and neonatal outcome. In this retrospective cohort study of all pregnancies following kidney transplantation in Norway between 1969 and 2013, we used medical records to identify clinical characteristics predictive of preeclampsia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318530/oxygen-targeting-in-infants-born-extremely-preterm-who-are-small-for-gestational-age-a-need-for-heightened-vigilance
#3
EDITORIAL
Barbara Schmidt, Robin K Whyte, Robin S Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317131/association-of-shorter-height-with-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease
#4
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Takeo Fujiwara, Haruhiko Sago
BACKGROUND: Although adult height is inversely related with the risk of chronic disease, the association between maternal height and ischaemic placental disease remains unclear. METHODS: We used the national, multicentre Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology perinatal database to assess the risk of preeclampsia, placental abruption, and small for gestational age (SGA) births (birthweight < 10th percentile), which together constitute the syndrome 'ischaemic placental disease', in relation to self-reported height in 218 412 women with no underlying diseases before pregnancy, who delivered singletons in 2005-11...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315895/healthy-growth-and-development
#5
Ken K Ong
Observational and experimental studies indicate a remarkably consistent association between rapid growth and weight gain during infancy and higher risks for obesity in later childhood and adult life. This association appears to be equally relevant to breastfed and formula milk-fed infants, and infants small for gestational age and with normal birth weight. The type of infant milk feeding, energy intake, and milk nutrient composition are important determinants of infant growth and weight gain. There is also accumulating evidence that genetic factors related to adult obesity susceptibility act in the central nervous system to regulate intrinsic levels of infant appetite and satiety, and they impact on infant dietary behaviors to influence growth and weight gain...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304325/early-feeding-tolerance-in-small-for-gestational-age-infants-with-normal-versus-abnormal-antenatal-doppler-characteristics
#6
M F Ahamed, Pe'er Dar, M Vega, Mimi Kim, Q Gao, T Havranek
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in feeding tolerance amongst preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants with normal versus abnormal umbilical artery Doppler flow defined as absent or reversed end diastolic flow (AREDF). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of infants <35 weeks gestational age (GA) and birth weight (BW) <10th percentile. Day of initiation of feeds, days to full feeds and CRIB II scores were the primary outcomes. Clinical characteristics were compared between the groups of SGA infants with normal and AREDF...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304324/assessment-of-serum-apolipoprotien-b-and-apolipoprotein-a-1-and-their-ratio-in-healthy-full-term-small-for-gestational-age-newborns
#7
A Agrawal, J Shrivastava, R Dwivedi, M Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Programmed changes in growth restricted fetuses can increase the risk of adulthood diseases due to elevated serum cholesterol and apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B) concentrations. Increasing evidence demonstrated the role of apoB/apoA-I ratio as a strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentration of cord blood lipoproteins and apolipoproteins as well as their correlation with birth weight. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a teaching institution of central India...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302957/relationship-between-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-umbilical-cord-plasma-and-birth-weight-follows-a-u-shaped-curve
#8
Junji Takaya, Yuko Tanabe, Yuichi Kuroyanagi, Kazunari Kaneko
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a nonselective nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. NO regulates placental blood flow, which plays an important role in fetal growth. Many epidemiological studies have disclosed that restricted fetal growth is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in adult life. We studied the relationship between ADMA in cord blood and birth size. Nine small for gestational age (SGA) and 32 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants were studied...
March 7, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301893/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-the-side-of-diaphragmatic-defect-and-associated-nondiaphragmatic-malformations
#9
Ruža Grizelj, Katarina Bojanić, Jurica Vuković, Toby N Weingarten, Darrell R Schroeder, Juraj Sprung
Background Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has different clinical presentations depending on whether it is right sided (R-CDH) or left sided (L-CDH). Some have suggested that L-CDH and R-CDH may represent different syndromic phenotypes. This theory would be indirectly supported if different nondiaphragmatic anomalies were associated with laterality. We assessed whether CDH laterality is associated with specific types of nondiaphragmatic anomalies. Methods Cases of CDH were retrospectively identified from five centers, and associated congenital anomalies, prenatal diagnosis, demographics, birth characteristics, and side of the CDH were analyzed...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295227/mild-perinatal-adversities-moderate-the-association-between-maternal-harsh-parenting-and-hair-cortisol-evidence-for-differential-susceptibility
#10
Dafna A Windhorst, Ralph C A Rippe, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Gerard Noppe, Elisabeth F C van Rossum, Erica L T van den Akker, Henning Tiemeier, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
It has been shown that following exposure to mild perinatal adversity, children have greater susceptibility to both the negative and positive aspects of their subsequent environment. In a large population-based cohort study (N = 1,776), we investigated whether mild perinatal adversity moderated the association between maternal harsh parenting and children's hair cortisol levels, a biomarker of chronic stress. Mild perinatal adversity was defined as late preterm birth (gestational age at birth of 34-37 weeks, 6 days) or small for gestational age (birth weight between the 2...
March 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294442/prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcome-by-cerebroplacental-ratio-adjusted-for-estimated-fetal-weight
#11
Angelo Sirico, Anke Diemert, Peter Glosemeyer, Kurt Hecher
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and estimated fetal weight (EFW). Furthermore, we evaluated the role of CPR in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome and whether CPR measurements adjusted for EFW improve its predictive value. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including pregnancies, where Doppler investigations of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) were performed after 30 weeks...
March 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292964/longitudinal-evaluation-of-growth-in-oesophageal-atresia-patients-up-to-12%C3%A2-years
#12
Floor W T Vergouwe, Marjolein Spoel, Nicole W G van Beelen, Saskia J Gischler, René M H Wijnen, Joost van Rosmalen, Hanneke IJsselstijn
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies reported diminished growth after oesophageal atresia (OA) repair. We evaluated long-term follow-up data on growth. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study up to 12 years. Patients with OA, born 1999-2013, who participated in a longitudinal follow-up programme were included. Children with genetic syndromes associated with growth disorders were excluded. SD scores (SDS) for height-for-age (HFA), weight-for-height (WFH) and distance-to-target-height were calculated for routine visits (0...
March 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292615/perinatal-outcomes-among-singletons-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-single-embryo-or-double-embryo-transfer-versus-no-assisted-reproductive-technology
#13
Angela S Martin, Jeani Chang, Yujia Zhang, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, Patricia McKane, Dana Bernson, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise J Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of singleton pregnancies conceived without assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) compared with singletons conceived with ART by elective single-embryo transfer (eSET), nonelective single-embryo transfer (non-eSET), and double-embryo transfer with the establishment of 1 (DET -1) or ≥2 (DET ≥2) early fetal heartbeats. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using linked ART surveillance data and vital records from Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Connecticut...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292612/perinatal-outcomes-in-children-born-after-fresh-or-frozen-embryo-transfer-a-catalan-cohort-study-based-on-14-262-newborns
#14
Mar Vidal, Kilian Vellvé, Mireia González-Comadran, Ana Robles, Maria Prat, Mar Torné, Ramón Carreras, Miguel A Checa
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether perinatal outcomes are affected by vitrification and/or controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). DESIGN: Register-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) between 2008 and 2012 using autologous or donated eggs who had a singleton pregnancy delivered from the 24th week onward. INTERVENTION(S): Fresh embryo transfer (ET) or frozen-thawed ET in women undergoing IVF...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291053/safety-of-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-antiretroviral-therapy-regimens-in-pregnancy-for-hiv-infected-women-and-their-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Jean B Nachega, Olalekan A Uthman, Lynne M Mofenson, Jean R Anderson, Steve Kanters, Francoise Renaud, Nathan Ford, Shaffiq Essajee, Meg C Doherty, Edward J Mills
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on adverse effects of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) on pregnant women and their infants. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies published between January 1980 and January 2017 that compared adverse outcomes in HIV-infected women receiving TDF- vs. non-TDF-based ART during pregnancy. The relative risk for associations was pooled using a fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Sixteen studies met study inclusion criteria...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283105/perinatal-characteristics-and-obstetric-complications-in-mothers-with-multiple-sclerosis-record-linkage-study
#16
Alexander Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Michael Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) predominantly onsets in women of reproductive age. The possibility of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes is a likely source of concern to pregnant women with MS and their clinicians. We aimed to compare the characteristics of the pregnancies of mothers with or without MS. METHODS: The historical Oxford Record Linkage Study specialised maternity dataset (850,000 people, 1970-1989), with record-linkage between mother and baby, was analysed...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282531/bone-fracture-in-severe-small-for-gestational-age-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-a-single-center-analysis
#17
Hidehiko Maruyama, Shoichiro Amari, Hideshi Fujinaga, Shuhei Fujino, Junko Nagasawa, Yuka Wada, Keiko Tsukamoto, Yushi Ito
INTRODUCTION: Bone fracture is a complication of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs). This study aimed to analyze risk factors for bone fracture in a population of severe small-for-gestational-age (SGA) ELBWIs. METHODS: We retrospectively studied data from ELBWIs with a birth weight <1000g and <-2 standard deviations (SDs) born at the National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan, from 2013 to 2015. Infants were divided into fracture and control groups...
March 7, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279626/maternal-foetal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-glomerulonephritides-are-all-glomerulonephritides-alike-in-pregnancy
#18
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Rossella Attini, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Isabelle Kooij, Federica Fassio, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Marilisa Biolcati, Elisabetta Versino, Tullia Todros
In spite of the interest for chronic renal diseases (CKD) in pregnancy data on specific diseases is fragmentary; while recent studies analysed the most common glomerulonephritides (GN), none was addressed at GN as a group. The aim of our study was to analyse the main pregnancy-related outcomes in GN patients in a large multicentre cohort. Patients with a diagnosis of GN were selected from the TOCOS cohort (TOCOS: TOrino Cagliari Observational Study): out of 714 singleton deliveries GN was the diagnosis in 126; lupus GN and IgA nephropathy accounted for 37 and 33 cases; 1418 low-risk singleton deliveries followed-up in the same Centers served as controls (non diabetic, non nephropathic, non obese women, without any other known chronic illness; pregnancies after ovodonation or in vitro fertilisation were excluded, if declared)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279433/patterns-of-oxygenation-mortality-and-growth-status-in-the-surfactant-positive-pressure-and-oxygen-trial-cohort
#19
Juliann M Di Fiore, Richard J Martin, Hong Li, Nathan Morris, Waldemar A Carlo, Neil Finer, Michele Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To characterize actual achieved patterns of oxygenation in infants born appropriate vs small for gestational age (SGA) randomized to a lower (85-89%) vs higher (91%-95%) oxygen saturation target in the Surfactant Positive Pressure and Oxygen Trial. To determine the association between achieved oxygen saturation levels and survival in infants born appropriate vs SGA enrolled in the Surfactant Positive Pressure and Oxygen Trial. STUDY DESIGN: Median oxygen saturation and intermittent hypoxemia events (<80%, 20 seconds-5  minutes) were documented in 1054 infants of 24(0/7)-27(6/7) weeks of gestation while receiving supplemental oxygen during the first 3 days of life...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279117/progression-of-doppler-changes-in-early-onset-small-for-gestational-age-fetuses-how-frequent-are-the-different-progression-sequences
#20
José Morales-Roselló, Asma Khalil, Victoria Fornés-Ferrer, José Alberola-Rubio, David Hervas-Marín, Núria Peralta Llorens, Alfredo Perales-Marín
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the progression of Doppler abnormalities in early-onset fetal smallness (SGA). METHODS: 948 Doppler examinations of the umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ductus venosus (DV), belonging to 405 early-onset SGA fetuses, were studied, evaluating the sequences of Doppler progression, the interval examination-labor at which Doppler became abnormal and the cumulative sum of Doppler anomalies in relation with labor proximity...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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