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Smart drugs

Arghajit Pyne, Sangita Kundu, Pavel Banerjee, Nilmoni Sarkar
In this article, we have unveiled the aggregation behavior of a potent chemotherapeutic drug, doxorubicin hydrochloride (Dox) in a well known imidazolium based surface active ionic liquid (SAIL), 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (C8mimCl). The aggregates formed by Dox in C8mimCl have been characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS), fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), analytical transmission electron microscopy (analytical TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements...
February 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Gregor Fuhrmann, Rona Chandrawati, Paresh A Parmar, Timothy J Keane, Stephanie A Maynard, Sergio Bertazzo, Molly M Stevens
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have recently gained significant attention as important mediators of intercellular communication, potential drug carriers, and disease biomarkers. These natural cell-derived nanoparticles are postulated to be biocompatible, stable under physiological conditions, and to show reduced immunogenicity as compared to other synthetic nanoparticles. Although initial clinical trials are ongoing, the use of EVs for therapeutic applications may be limited due to undesired off-target activity and potential "dilution effects" upon systemic administration which may affect their ability to reach their target tissues...
February 23, 2018: Advanced Materials
Guocan Yu, Zhen Yang, Xiao Fu, Bryant C Yung, Jie Yang, Zhengwei Mao, Li Shao, Bin Hua, Yijing Liu, Fuwu Zhang, Quli Fan, Sheng Wang, Orit Jacobson, Albert Jin, Changyou Gao, Xiaoying Tang, Feihe Huang, Xiaoyuan Chen
The development of smart theranostic systems with favourable biocompatibility, high loading efficiency, excellent circulation stability, potent anti-tumour activity, and multimodal diagnostic functionalities is of importance for future clinical application. The premature burst release and poor degradation kinetics indicative of polymer-based nanomedicines remain the major obstacles for clinical translation. Herein we prepare theranostic shell-crosslinked nanoparticles (SCNPs) using a β-cyclodextrin-based polyrotaxane (PDI-PCL-b-PEG-RGD⊃β-CD-NH2 ) to avoid premature drug leakage and achieve precisely controllable release, enhancing the maximum tolerated dose of the supramolecular nanomedicines...
February 22, 2018: Nature Communications
Wenting Dang, Libu Manjakkal, William Taube Navaraj, Leandro Lorenzelli, Vincenzo Vinciguerra, Ravinder Dahiya
Sensor-laden wearable systems that are capable of providing continuous measurement of key physiological parameters coupled with data storage, drug delivery and feedback therapy have attracted huge interest. Here we report a stretchable wireless system for sweat pH monitoring, which is able to withstand up to 53% uniaxial strain and more than 500 cycles to 30% strain. The stretchability of the pH sensor patch is provided by a pair of serpentine-shaped stretchable interconnects. The pH sensing electrode is made of graphite-polyurethane composite, which is suitable for biosensor application...
February 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Marco Laurenti, Valentina Cauda
Among metal oxides, zinc oxide (ZnO) is one of the most attractive materials thanks to its biocompatible and biodegradable properties along with the existence of various morphologies featuring piezoelectric, semiconducting and photocatalytic activities. All of these structures were successfully prepared and tested for numerous applications, including optoelectronics, sensors and biomedical ones. In the last case, biocompatible ZnO nanomaterials positively influenced cells growth and tissue regeneration as well, promoting wound healing and new bone formation...
February 22, 2018: Materials
Zahraa S Al-Ahmady
A big challenge in the development of therapeutics for central nervous system (CNS) disorders, is achieving sufficient translocation through blood-brain interface named the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Until recently BBB has been considered a substantial hindrance for the penetration of blood-borne molecules including drugs to the CNS. However, recent research findings have proven that the nature of BBB is much more complex and dynamic and is altered in several neurological conditions. This complexity encourages revisiting drug delivery strategies to the CNS as this can give a wide range of opportunities for CNS drug development...
February 21, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Scott G Harroun, Carl Prévost-Tremblay, Dominic Lauzon, Arnaud Desrosiers, Xiaomeng Wang, Liliana Pedro, Alexis Vallée-Bélisle
DNA switches are ideally suited for numerous nanotechnological applications, and increasing efforts are being directed toward their engineering. In this review, we discuss how to engineer these switches starting from the selection of a specific DNA-based recognition element, to its adaptation and optimisation into a switch, with applications ranging from sensing to drug delivery, smart materials, molecular transporters, logic gates and others. We provide many examples showcasing their high programmability and recent advances towards their real life applications...
February 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Lei Zhou, Hao Wang, Yaping Li
Chemotherapy is still a main option for cancer therapy, but its efficacy is often unsatisfying due to multidrug resistance (MDR). The tumor microenvironment is considered a dominant factor causing MDR. Stimuli-responsive nanomedicines exhibit many superiorities for reversal of MDR. As smart systems, stimuli-responsive nanomedicines are desirable for achieving site-specific accumulation and triggered drug release in response to slight changes in physicochemical properties in pathological conditions or to exogenous stimuli...
2018: Theranostics
Samar Damiati, Uday B Kompella, Safa A Damiati, Rimantas Kodzius
Microfluidic devices present unique advantages for the development of efficient drug carrier particles, cell-free protein synthesis systems, and rapid techniques for direct drug screening. Compared to bulk methods, by efficiently controlling the geometries of the fabricated chip and the flow rates of multiphase fluids, microfluidic technology enables the generation of highly stable, uniform, monodispersed particles with higher encapsulation efficiency. Since the existing preclinical models are inefficient drug screens for predicting clinical outcomes, microfluidic platforms might offer a more rapid and cost-effective alternative...
February 16, 2018: Genes
Hediye Irem Ozgunduz, Abdullah Bilal Ozturk, Hava Gizem Kandilci, Nil Acarali
The aim of this study is to produce the smart hydrogel to use insulin release for human body. p(HEMA-co-Eudragit L-100) hydrogels containing different ratios of 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and Eudragait L-100 were synthesized by using ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a cross linker. The structures of hydrogels produced were characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis. In this way, optimum synthesis conditions were determined for p(HEMA-co-Eudragit L-100) hydrogels by using Taguchi method as an optimization method...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Boxuan Ma, Weihua Zhuang, Yanan Wang, Rifang Luo, Yunbing Wang
Intelligent drug delivery systems with prolonged circulation time, reduced drug leakage in blood, target site-triggered drug release and endosomal escape are attractive and ideal for malignant tumor therapy. Herein, doxorubicin (DOX)-conjugated smart polymeric micelles based on 4-carboxy benzaldehyde-grafted poly (L-lysine)-block-poly (methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PLL(CB/DOX)-b-PMPC) copolymer are prepared. DOX and electronegative 4-carboxy benzaldehyde are conjugated to the PLL block via an imine linkage and as a result, the drug loaded micelles exhibited the pH-triggered charge-conversion property and accelerated drug release at tumor pH...
February 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Anton Ficai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Current Drug Targets
Young Bin Song, Seok Kyu Oh, Ju-Hyeon Oh, Eul-Soon Im, Deok-Kyu Cho, Byung Ryul Cho, Jong-Young Lee, Joo Myung Lee, Taek Kyu Park, Jeong Hoon Yang, Jin-Ho Choi, Seung-Hyuck Choi, Sang Hoon Lee, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Joo-Yong Hahn
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor reduces thrombotic events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but these benefits come at the expense of increased risk of bleeding when compared with aspirin monotherapy. It is unclear whether P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy might maintain anti-ischemic efficacy while reducing the bleeding risk compared with DAPT after implantation of the current generation of drug-eluting stents (DES)...
March 2018: American Heart Journal
Zhaowei Chen, Quanyin Hu, Zhen Gu
Cell therapy has become a momentum-gathering treatment strategy for a variety of diseases, including cancer, diabetes, hemophilia, and cardiomyopathy. However, clinical applications of conventional cell therapies have often been compromised by rapid decline in viability and function of the transplanted cells due to host recognition and subsequent foreign body rejection. Along this line, cell engineering technologies such as cell encapsulation within microcapsules and immobilization in porous scaffolds have been implemented to address the immunosuppression concerns...
February 15, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Fan Ji, Kun Zhang, Jie Li, Yuanliang Gu, Jinshun Zhao, Jianfeng Zhang
Cancer chemotherapy has limitations such as nonselective distribution of drugs, detrimental side effects on normal tissues; here we reported a smart pH and magnetic sensitive drug delivery system (DDS) based on PEGylated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The citric-coated Fe3O4 (CIO) nanoparticles were firstly synthesized and further functionalized by biocompatible poly(ethylene glycol) bis(carboxymethyl ether) (COOH-PEG-COOH), thus PEGylated CIO (GCIO) nanoparticles were obtained. Doxorubicin (DOX) was conjugated as a model drug to the nanoparticles via hydrazone bond...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Min-Chao Liu, Bing Liu, Xiang-Yu Sun, Hui-Chao Lin, Jia-Zheng Lu, Shu-Fang Jin, Si-Qi Yan, Yan-Yu Li, Ping Zhao
The dose-dependent toxicity and low specificity against cancerous cells have restricted the clinical use of daunomycin (DNM). Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been wildly used as an inorganic photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent and drug carrier. To facilitate the targeted drug delivery and combined therapy, in the present study, TiO2-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@TiO2 NPs) were employed to load DNM and the drug-loaded Fe3O4@TiO2-DNM Nps exhibited smart pH-controlled releasing and satisfactory cytotoxicity as well as photocytotocity...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Salisu Nasir, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Zulkarnain Zainal, Nor Azah Yusof
Carbon in its single entity and various forms has been used in technology and human life for many centuries. Since prehistoric times, carbon-based materials such as graphite, charcoal and carbon black have been used as writing and drawing materials. In the past two and a half decades or so, conjugated carbon nanomaterials, especially carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, activated carbon and graphite have been used as energy materials due to their exclusive properties. Due to their outstanding chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, carbon nanostructures have recently found application in many diverse areas; including drug delivery, electronics, composite materials, sensors, field emission devices, energy storage and conversion, etc...
February 13, 2018: Materials
Sayan Ganguly, Debes Ray, Poushali Das, Priti Prasanna Maity, Subhadip Mondal, V K Aswal, Santanu Dhara, Narayan Ch Das
Nanohybrid hydrogels based on pristine graphene with enhanced toughness and dual responsive drug delivery feature is opening a new era for smart materials. Here pristine graphene hydrogels are synthesized by in situ free radical polymerization where graphene platelets are the nanobuiliding blocks to withstand external stress and shows reversible ductility. Such uniqueness is a mere reflection of rubber-like elasticity on the hydrogels. These nanobuilding blocks serve also the extensive physisorption which enhances the physical crosslinking inside the gel matrix...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Gang Bai, Tiejun Zhang, Yuanyuan Hou, Guoyu Ding, Min Jiang, Guoan Luo
BACKGROUND: The quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) forms the foundation of its clinical efficacy. The standardization of TCM is the most important task of TCM modernization. In recent years, there has been great progress in the quality control of TCM. However, there are still many issues related to the current quality standards, and it is difficult to objectively evaluate and effectively control the quality of TCM. PURPOSE: To face these challenge, we summarized the current quality marker (Q-marker) research based on its characteristics and benefits, and proposed a reasonable and intelligentized quality evaluation strategy for the development and application of Q-markers...
January 31, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hamilton Kakwere, Maria Elena Materia, Alberto Curcio, Mirko Prato, Ayyappan Sathya, Simone Nitti, Teresa Pellegrino
We demonstrate a versatile approach for the preparation of dually responsive smart inorganic heterostructures (HSs) with the potential for exploitation in nanomedicine. We utilize Au-FexOy dimers as templates for generating smart inorganic HSs with a pH-responsive coating and a thermo-responsive coating attached to iron oxide and gold nanoparticles (NPs), respectively. First, a thiol-modified thermo-responsive (PNIPAAM-co-PEGA) polymer could be selectively attached to the gold domain by ligand exchange. The sequential attachment of a catechol-modified initiator to the iron oxide surface enables the in situ polymerization of a pH-responsive (PDMAEA) polymer...
February 9, 2018: Nanoscale
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