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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226512/hyperthermia-by-electromagnetic-fields-to-enhanced-clinical-results-in-oncology
#1
Gerard C van Rhoon, Maarten M Paulides, Jeannette M L van Holthe, Martine Franckena, Gerard C van Rhoon, Maarten M Paulides, Jeannette M L van Holthe, Martine Franckena, Maarten M Paulides, Martine Franckena, Gerard C van Rhoon, Jeannette M L van Holthe
Confining treatment to the tumor to improve therapeutic outcome and reduce toxicity, is a hot issue in cancer research. Hyperthermia is recognized as a strong sensitizer for radiotherapy and chemotherapy enhancing tumor control without increasing toxicity. Today's electromagnetic hyperthermia systems heat large tissue volumes with limited ability to selectively heat the tumor. Fortunately, tremendous improvements in 3-dimensional electromagnetic & temperature modelling provide an exciting opportunity to design advanced multi-element electromagnetic applicator systems...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224677/dynamic-nanoparticle-assemblies-for-biomedical-applications
#2
REVIEW
Fangyuan Li, Jingxiong Lu, Xueqian Kong, Taeghwan Hyeon, Daishun Ling
Designed synthesis and assembly of nanoparticles assisted by their surface ligands can create "smart" materials with programmed responses to external stimuli for biomedical applications. These assemblies can be designed to respond either exogenously (for example, to magnetic field, temperature, ultrasound, light, or electric pulses) or endogenously (to pH, enzymatic activity, or redox gradients) and play an increasingly important role in a diverse range of biomedical applications, such as biosensors, drug delivery, molecular imaging, and novel theranostic systems...
February 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221026/nanomechanics-of-ph-responsive-drug-loaded-bi-layered-polymer-grafts
#3
Prathima Chandra Nalam, Hyun-Su Lee, Nupur Bhatt, Robert W Carpick, David M Eckmann, Russell J Composto
Stimuli-responsive polymer films play an important role in the development of smart antibacterial coatings. In this study, we consider complementary architectures of polyelectrolyte films including a thin chitosan layer (CH), poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) brushes and a bilayer structure of CH grafted to PAA brushes (CH/PAA) as possible candidates for targeted drug delivery platforms. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed to study the structure-mechanical property relationship for these mono- and bi- layered polymer grafts at pH 7...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219721/magnetic-nanoparticles-a-multifunctional-vehicle-for-modern-theranostics
#4
REVIEW
M Angelakeris
Magnetic nanoparticles provide a unique multifunctional vehicle for modern theranostics since they can be remotely and non-invasively employed as imaging probes, carrier vectors and smart actuators. Additionally, special delivery schemes beyond the typical drug delivery such as heat or mechanical stress may be magnetically triggered to promote certain cellular pathways. To start with, we need magnetic nanoparticles with several well-defined and reproducible structural, physical, and chemical features, while bio-magnetic nanoparticle design imposes several additional constraints...
February 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217830/relationship-between-alcohol-metabolism-and-chemotherapy-induced-emetic-events-in-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Toshitaka Uomori, Yoshiya Horimoto, Kaoru Mogushi, Joe Matsuoka, Mitsue Saito
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can negatively affect quality of life and treatment compliance in breast cancer patients. Habitual alcohol consumption reportedly shows an inverse correlation with CINV, though the underlying mechanism is unknown. Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), one of the two ALDH isozymes, is reportedly the major factor among several genetic polymorphisms possibly affecting alcohol metabolism. More than 40% of Japanese have ALDH2 mutations, while almost all Westerners have the wild type...
February 20, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214078/the-optimize-heart-failure-care-program-initial-lessons-from-global-implementation
#6
Martin R Cowie, Yuri M Lopatin, Clara Saldarriaga, Cândida Fonseca, David Sim, Jose Antonio Magaña, Denilson Albuquerque, Marcelo Trivi, Gustavo Moncada, Baldomero A González Castillo, Mario Osvaldo Speranza Sánchez, Edward Chung
Hospitalization for heart failure (HF) places a major burden on healthcare services worldwide, and is a strong predictor of increased mortality especially in the first three months after discharge. Though undesirable, hospitalization is an opportunity to optimize HF therapy and advise clinicians and patients about the importance of continued adherence to HF medication and regular monitoring. The Optimize Heart Failure Care Program (www.optimize-hf.com), which has been implemented in 45 countries, is designed to improve outcomes following HF hospitalization through inexpensive initiatives to improve prescription of appropriate drug therapies, patient education and engagement, and post-discharge planning...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212219/drug-infusion-systems-technologies-performance-and-pitfalls
#7
Uoo R Kim, Robert A Peterfreund, Mark A Lovich
This review aims to broadly describe drug infusion technologies and raise subtle but important issues arising from infusion therapy that can potentially lead to patient instability and morbidity. Advantages and disadvantages of gravity-dependent drug infusion are described and compared with electromechanical approaches for precise control of medication infusion, including large-volume peristaltic and syringe pumps. This review discusses how drugs and inert carriers interact within infusion systems and outlines several complexities and potential sources of drug error...
February 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198453/doxorubicin-loaded-platelets-as-a-smart-drug-delivery-system-an-improved-therapy-for-lymphoma
#8
Peipei Xu, Huaqin Zuo, Bing Chen, Ruju Wang, Arsalan Ahmed, Yong Hu, Jian Ouyang
Chemotherapy is majorly used for the treatment of many cancers, including lymphoma. However, cytotoxic drugs, utilized in chemotherapy, can induce various side effects on normal tissues because of their non-specific distribution in the body. Natural platelets are used as drug carriers because of their biocompatibility and specific targeting to vascular disorders, such as cancer, inflammation, and thrombosis. In this work, doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded in natural platelets for treatment of lymphoma. Results showed that DOX was loaded into platelets with high drug loading and encapsulation efficiency...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193552/rational-design-and-synthesis-of-some-ppar-%C3%AE-agonists-substituted-benzylideneamino-benzylidene-thiazolidine-2-4-diones
#9
Santosh S Chhajed, Shital Chaskar, Sanjay K Kshirsagar, G M Animeshchandra Haldar, Debarshi Kar Mahapatra
The peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) remained the most successful target for management of diabetes mellitus. The present work endeavors rational designing of some novel PPAR-γ agonists bearing benzylideneamino-benzylidene-thiazolidine-2,4-dione scaffold. The research involved virtual screening of 37 different molecules by molecular docking studies performed by Molecular Design Suite (MDS) into the ligand binding domain of PPAR-γ receptor to explore the binding affinity and conformations of the molecules...
February 7, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192672/smart-nanostructures-for-cargo-delivery-uncaging-and-activating-by-light
#10
Mahdi Karimi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Soodeh Baghaee-Ravari, Mahdi Ghazizadeh, Hamed Mirshekari, Michael R Hamblin
Nanotechnology has begun to play a remarkable role in various fields of science and technology. In biomedical applications, nanoparticles have opened new horizons, especially for biosensing, targeted delivery of therapeutics, etc. Among drug delivery systems (DDSs), smart nanocarriers that can respond to specific stimuli in their local environment represent a growing field. Nanoplatforms that can be activated by an external application of light, can be used for a wide variety of photo-activated therapies, (especially light-triggered DDSs) relying on photo-isomerization, photo-crosslinking/uncrosslinking, photo-reduction, etc...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188463/evaluation-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-second-version-of-the-taqwa-piety-questionnaire-in-bahasa-melayu
#11
Tahereh Seghatoleslam, Hussain Habil, Ahmad Hatim, Abolfazl Ardakani, Khafidz Ishak, Rusdi Rashid
The aim of the study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Bahasa Melayu version of the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire, used for the measurement of behaviour of Drug Dependency Syndrome (DDS), in Malay patients. A sample of 98 males with a psychiatric diagnosis (DSM-IV-R) as the DDS was randomly selected from Kajang Khafidz Polyclinic Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. After receiving their agreement to attend the study, they completed the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire. The reliability was assessed by determining the Cronbach's [Formula: see text] to measure the consistency of related questions for all four dimensions (subscales), including individual, social, cognitional, and emotional Taqwa behaviour...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186913/a-stochastic-spiking-neural-network-for-virtual-screening
#12
A Morro, V Canals, A Oliver, M L Alomar, F Galan-Prado, P J Ballester, J L Rossello
Virtual screening (VS) has become a key computational tool in early drug design and screening performance is of high relevance due to the large volume of data that must be processed to identify molecules with the sought activity-related pattern. At the same time, the hardware implementations of spiking neural networks (SNNs) arise as an emerging computing technique that can be applied to parallelize processes that normally present a high cost in terms of computing time and power. Consequently, SNN represents an attractive alternative to perform time-consuming processing tasks, such as VS...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183597/preparation-and-characterization-of-dox-loaded-keratin-nanoparticles-for-ph-gsh-dual-responsive-release
#13
Yanmei Li, Xuelian Zhi, Jiantao Lin, Xin You, Jiang Yuan
Smart drug carriers are the current need of the hour in controlled drug delivery applications. In this work, pH and redox dual responsive keratin based drug-loaded nanoparticles (KDNPs) were fabricated through two-step strategies. Keratin nanoparticles were first prepared by desolvation method and chemical crosslinking, followed by electrostatic adsorbing doxorubicin (DOX) to afford drug loaded keratin nanoparticles (KDNPs). The size, size distribution, and morphology of the KDNPs were characterized with dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Scan electronic microscope (SEM)...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176999/selective-solute-adsorption-and-partitioning-around-single-pnipam-chains
#14
Matej Kanduč, Richard Chudoba, Karol Palczynski, Won Kyu Kim, Rafael Roa, Joachim Dzubiella
Thermoresponsive polymer architectures have become integral building blocks of 'smart' functional materials in modern applications. For a large range of developments, e.g. for drug delivery or nanocatalytic carrier systems, the selective adsorption and partitioning of molecules (ligands or reactants) inside the polymeric matrix are key processes that have to be controlled and tuned for the desired material function. In order to gain insights into the nanoscale structure and binding details in such systems, we here employ molecular dynamics simulations of the popular poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) polymer in explicit water in the presence of various representative solute types with a focus on aromatic model reactants...
February 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165829/an-overview-of-nanofiber-based-antibacterial-drug-design
#15
Semih Calamak, Reza Shahbazi, Ipek Eroglu, Merve Gultekinoglu, Kezban Ulubayram
Introduction Conventional administration of antibacterial drugs to the human body can cause vital problems such as dose dependent systemic toxicity and bacterial resistance which prevent the healing process. In this regard, recent studies have been devoted to producing nanofiber based antibacterial drug delivery approaches which surpass bacterial resistance and toxicological issues. Areas covered This review summarizes latest developments in the production of antibacterial nanofibers, nanofiber based antibacterial action mechanisms and release profiles of nanofibers...
February 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157647/redox-responsive-albumin-autogenic-nanoparticles-for-the-delivery-of-cancer-drugs
#16
S Thirupathi Kumara Raja, T Prakash, A Gnanamani
The present study explores preparation and characterization of redox sensitive albumin autogenic nanoparticles (ANPs) for drug delivery applications. Human serum albumin nanoparticles are prepared by desolvation method. The particles are stabilized through self-crosslinking and no external stabilizers are involved in the preparation. ANPs are then subjected to Camptothecin (CPT) drug loading. Experiments on in vitro and in vivo release profile, cytotoxic and cytocompatability, hemocompatability, blood clearance, tracking and bio imaging are studied in detail...
January 25, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155623/pancreatic-cancer-therapy-review-from-classic-therapeutic-agents-to-modern-nanotechnologies
#17
Ana Rebelo, Jesús Molpeceres, Patrícia Rijo, Catarina Pinto Reis
Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal cancers worldwide, with an extremely poor prognosis. This cancer is considered the 5th leading cause of cancer related death. The median survival after diagnosis is generally 2-8 months and five-year survival rate is less than 5%. In recent years, nanotechnology is emerging as a rising approach for drug delivery since it has opened up new landscapes in medicine through introduction of smart nanocarrier systems that can selectively deliver the therapeutic agent in a specific region and in appropriate levels, reducing the adverse side effects...
February 1, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154853/enhanced-bioreduction-responsive-biodegradable-diselenide-containing-poly-ester-urethane-nanocarriers
#18
Chao Wei, Yan Zhang, Zhongchen Song, Yiru Xia, Heng Xu, Meidong Lang
Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers have been limited for bench-to-bedside translation mainly because the stimuli sensitivity and responsive rate are not high enough to ensure sufficient drug concentration at the target sites for superior therapeutic benefits. Herein, we reported an enhanced bioreduction-responsive and biodegradable nanocarrier based on the amphiphilic poly(ester urethane) copolymers (PAUR-SeSe) bearing multiple diselenide groups on the backbone. The copolymer could spontaneously self-assemble into stable micelles in aqueous medium with an average diameter of 68 nm, which could be rapidly disassembled in a reductive environment as a result of the reduction-triggered cleavage of diselenide groups...
February 3, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149998/free-energy-patterns-in-inclusion-complexes-the-relevance-of-non-included-moieties-in-the-stability-constants
#19
Tânia F G G Cova, Sandra C C Nunes, Alberto A C C Pais
Inclusion complexes play a definite role in a variety of applications, ranging from drug solubilization to smart materials. This work presents a series of studies based on molecular dynamics, including potential of mean force calculations, and aiming at understanding the factors that govern inclusion. Naphthalene and its derivatives are used as guests for a common host, β-cyclodextrin. It is observed that the substitution of naphthalene promotes an increase in the complexation constant (up to 100-fold), irrespective of the nature of the substituent, the latter comprising small hydrophobic and hydrophilic (including charged) groups...
February 2, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149883/focusing-the-management-of-rectal-cancer
#20
COMMENT
Rachel Dbeis, Neil J Smart, Ian R Daniels
Rectal cancer treatment has undergone major changes over the last 15 years with a focus on individualized care based around MRI assessment of the relationship of the tumour to the mesorectal fascia, improved surgical techniques and targeted use of pre-operative oncological therapies in patients with locally advanced disease. The recognition that some tumours responded completely to pre-operative chemoradiotherapy, and the selective use of a non-operative policy has led to a quest to further identify those patients and their tumour in whom this approach could be used, irrespective of MRI stage...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
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