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Debojit Gogoi, Dilip Kumar Pal, Malay K Bera
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) can be performed via either transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach. Very few studies have been carried out till now, comparing immunologic and inflammatory responses in donors after these two approaches. This is a prospective observational study. Selection of approach was decided by the operating surgeon. All patients underwent peripheral venous blood sampling preoperatively and 24 h postoperatively for the measurement of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukein-6 (IL-6), total leukocyte count (TLC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (SCr)...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
David Mischoulon, Lindsay Hylek, Albert S Yeung, Alisabet J Clain, Lee Baer, Cristina Cusin, Dawn Flosnik Ionescu, Jonathan E Alpert, David P Soskin, Maurizio Fava
BACKGROUND: Given the proposed dopaminergic mechanism of low-dose naltrexone (LDN), we examined its efficacy as augmentation for depressive breakthrough on pro-dopaminergic antidepressant regimens. METHODS: 12 adults (67% female, mean age = 45±12) with recurrent DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD) on dopaminergic antidepressant regimens (stimulants, dopamine agonists, bupropion [≥300mg/day], aripiprazole [≤2.5mg/day], or sertraline [≥150mg/day]) were randomized to naltrexone 1mg b...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Guttorm Raknes, Lars Småbrekke
PURPOSE: Following a TV documentary in 2013, there was a tremendous increase in low dose naltrexone (LDN) use in a wide range of unapproved indications in Norway. We aim to describe the extent of this sudden and unprecedented increase in LDN prescribing, to characterize patients and LDN prescribers, and to estimate LDN dose sizes. METHODS: LDN prescriptions recorded in the Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD) in 2013 and 2014, and sales data not recorded in NorPD from the only Norwegian LDN manufacturer were included in the study...
September 26, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Mariam Akhtar-Schuster, Lindsay C Stringer, Alexander Erlewein, Graciela Metternicht, Sara Minelli, Uriel Safriel, Stefan Sommer
The world's commitment towards land degradation neutrality (LDN) became enshrined in various international agreements and decisions throughout the year 2015. The challenge now becomes one of addressing its operation, in order to achieve these new policy goals and targets by the year 2030. Advancing LDN demands attention to what the concept seeks to achieve, as well as unravelling the perspectives of the key multi-lateral environmental agreements through which progress can be made. The three Rio Conventions (the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)) all play key roles in shaping the international LDN governance and implementation context...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Frank Friedersdorff, Lisa Kothmann, Philipp Manus, Jan Roigas, Carsten Kempkensteffen, Ahmed Magheli, Jonas Busch, Lutz Liefeldt, Markus Giessing, Serdar Deger, Martin Schostak, Kurt Miller, Tom Florian Fuller
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to compare long-term donor outcomes after open and laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy. The focus was on pregnancy rates, hypertension and quality of life parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected using our institution's electronic database and a structured questionnaire. The study included 30 donors after open donor nephrectomy (ODN) and 131 donors after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN)...
August 30, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Siqi Yi, Miao Yu, Shuang Yang, Richard J Miron, Yufeng Zhang
Several basic Helix-Loop-Helix transcription factors have recently been identified to regulate mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation. In the present study, Tcf12 was investigated for its involvement in the osteoblastic cell commitment of MSCs. Tcf12 was found highly expressed in undifferentiated MSCs whereas its expression decreased following osteogenic culture differentiation. Interestingly, Tcf12 endogenous silencing using shRNA lentivirus significantly promoted the differentiation ability of MSCs evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, alizarin red staining and expression of osteoblast-specific markers by real-time PCR...
August 30, 2016: Stem Cells
Zhe Yi, Shengnan Guo, Xu Hu, Xiaonan Wang, Xiaoqing Zhang, Noreen Griffin, Fengping Shan
Previously it was confirmed that naltrexone, a non-peptide δ-opioid receptor selective antagonist is mainly used for alcoholic dependence and opioid addiction treatment. However, there is increasing data on immune regulation of low dose naltrexone (LDN). The aim of this work was to explore the effect of LDN on the phenotype and function of macrophage. The changes of macrophage after treatment with LDN were examined using flow cytometry (FCM); FITC-dextran phagocytosis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Bolesław P Salmanowicz, Monika Langner, Beata Mrugalska, Dominika Ratajczak, Andrzej G Górny
BACKGROUND: Wild emmer wheat could serve as a source of novel variation in grain quality and stress resistance for wheat breeding. A set of T. durum-T. dicoccoides chromosome substitution lines [LDN(DIC)] and the parental recipient cv. Langdon grown under contrasting water and nitrogen availability in the soil was examined in this study to identify differences in grain quality traits and dough rheological properties. RESULTS: Significant genotypic variation was found among the materials for studied traits...
August 25, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
M E Woolpert, H M Dann, K W Cotanch, C Melilli, L E Chase, R J Grant, D M Barbano
This study investigated the relationship of management practices, dietary characteristics, milk composition, and lactation performance with de novo fatty acid (FA) concentration in bulk tank milk from commercial dairy farms with Holstein, Jersey, and mixed-breed cows. It was hypothesized that farms with higher de novo milk FA concentrations would more commonly use management and nutrition practices known to optimize ruminal conditions that enhance de novo synthesis of milk FA. Farms (n=44) located in Vermont and northeastern New York were selected based on a history of high de novo (HDN; 26...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Sidra Ahsan, Yubin Ge, Michael A Tainsky
The clinical management of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) is challenging not only due to its aggressive and invasive nature, but also limited therapeutic options. Using gene expression profiling, our lab identified BMP2-SMAD1/5/8 pathway as a potential therapeutic target for treating MPNSTs. In this study, we explored the therapeutic impact of targeting BMP2-SMAD1/5/8 pathway in conjunction with RAS-MEK-ERK signaling, which is constitutively activated in MPNSTs. Our results indicated that single agent treatment with LDN-193189, a BMP2 Type I receptor inhibitor, did not affect the growth and survival of MPNST cells at biochemically relevant inhibitory concentrations...
August 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Kang Yang, Xiao-Dong Tang, Wei Guo, Xiao-Long Xu, Ting-Ting Ren, Cong-Min Ren, Shi-Dong Wang, Xing Bao, Fan Zhang, Kun-Kun Sun
Bone morphogenetic protein receptors (BMPRs) are multifunctional proteins; they have indispensible roles in the process of BMP signaling. However, their function in dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is uncertain. It has been reported that BMPR2 is associated with chondrosarcoma. Moreover, the detection of BMPR2 is more frequent in dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas (DDCS) than in conventional chondrosarcomas (CCS). BMPR2, phospho-SMAD1/5 (pSMAD1/5), and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) expressions were found to be associated with the pathological grades of chondrosarcoma and could be a promising target of treatment outcome...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
R Lindström, T Lepistö-Paisley, R Vanhala, R Alén, T Kujala
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by deficient social and communication skills, including difficulties in perceiving speech prosody. The present study addressed processing of emotional prosodic changes (sad, scornful and commanding) in natural word stimuli in typically developed school-aged children and in children with ASD and language impairment. We found that the responses to a repetitive word were diminished in amplitude in the children with ASD, reflecting impaired speech encoding. Furthermore, the amplitude of the MMN/LDN component, reflecting cortical discrimination of sound changes, was diminished in the children with ASD for the scornful deviant...
August 15, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Wai M Liu, Katherine A Scott, Jayne L Dennis, Elwira Kaminska, Alan J Levett, Angus G Dalgleish
It has been reported that lower doses of the opioid antagonist naltrexone are able to reduce tumour growth by interfering with cell signalling as well as by modifying the immune system. We have evaluated the gene expression profile of a cancer cell line after treatment with low-dose naltrexone (LDN), and assessed the effect that adapting treatment schedules with LDN may have on enhancing efficacy. LDN had a selective impact on genes involved with cell cycle regulation and immune modulation. Similarly, the pro-apoptotic genes BAD and BIK1 were increased only after LDN...
August 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Catherine Christie, Gail P A Kauwell, Christine A Stapell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Yongzhen Lai, Changfu Xie, Shixian Zhang, Guowu Gan, Di Wu, Weihui Chen
BACKGROUND: Gain-of- and loss-of-function studies have demonstrated that changes in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling during embryo development cause craniofacial malformations, including cleft palate. It remains uncertain whether BMP signaling could be targeted pharmacologically to affect craniofacial morphogenesis. METHODS: Pregnant C57Bl/6J mice were treated with the BMP type I receptor inhibitor LDN-193189 at the dose of 3, 6, or 9 mg/kg twice a day by intraperitoneal injection from embryonic day 10...
July 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Oscar Kenneth Serrano, Varvara Kirchner, Ananta Bangdiwala, David M Vock, Ty B Dunn, Erik B Finger, William D Payne, Timothy L Pruett, David E R Sutherland, John S Najarian, Arthur J Matas, Raja Kandaswamy
BACKGROUND: The development of minimally invasive surgical approaches to donor nephrectomy (DN) has been driven by the potential advantages for the donor, with questions remaining about long-term outcomes. METHODS: All living DN performed from June 1963 through December 2014 at the University of Minnesota were reviewed. Outcomes were compared among 4 DN techniques. RESULTS: We performed 4286 DNs: 2759 open DN (ODNs), 1190 hand-assisted (HA) laparoscopic DNs (LDNs), 203 pure LDN (P-LDNs), and 97 robot-assisted-LDN...
June 2016: Transplantation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2016: Nursing Standard
Sarah Sushchyk, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Jia Bei Wang
Relapse to drug use is often cited as the major obstacle in overcoming a drug addiction. Whereas relapse can occur for a myriad of reasons, it is well established that complex neuroadaptations that occur over the course of addiction are major factors. Cocaine, as a potent dopamine transporter blocker, specifically induces alterations in the dopaminergic as well as other monoaminergic neurotransmissions, which lead to cocaine abuse and dependence. Evidence also suggests that adaptations in the endogenous opioids play important roles in pathophysiology of cocaine addiction...
May 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Mohd Shahid, Ester Spagnolli, Laura Ernande, Robrecht Thoonen, Starsha A Kolodziej, Patricio A Leyton, Juan Cheng, Robert E T Tainsh, Claire Mayeur, David K Rhee, Mei X Wu, Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie, Emmanuel S Buys, Warren M Zapol, Kenneth D Bloch, Donald B Bloch
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling contributes to the development of cardiac hypertrophy. However, the identity of the BMP type I receptor involved in cardiac hypertrophy and the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. By using quantitative PCR and immunoblotting, we demonstrated that BMP signaling increased during phenylephrine-induced hypertrophy in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs), as evidenced by increased phosphorylation of Smads 1 and 5 and induction of Id1 gene expression...
April 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Tomomi Tadokoro, Xia Gao, Charles C Hong, Danielle Hotten, Brigid L M Hogan
The pseudostratified epithelium of the lung contains ciliated and secretory luminal cells and basal stem/progenitor cells. To identify signals controlling basal cell behavior we screened factors that alter their self-renewal and differentiation in a clonal organoid (tracheosphere) assay. This revealed that inhibitors of the canonical BMP signaling pathway promote proliferation but do not affect lineage choice, whereas exogenous Bmp4 inhibits proliferation and differentiation. We therefore followed changes in BMP pathway components in vivo in the mouse trachea during epithelial regeneration from basal cells after injury...
March 1, 2016: Development
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