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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636779/comparative-study-shows-differences-in-screen-exposure-sleep-patterns-and-sleep-disturbances-between-jewish-and-muslim-children-in-israel
#1
Tzischinsy Orna, Haimov Iris
AIM: This study determined the differences in screen exposure, sleep patterns and sleep disturbances, and the associations between these factors, among Jewish and Muslim children in Israel. METHODS: The participants were 1,049 school children - 499 Jewish and 550 Muslim - with a mean age of 9.20 ±0.71 years, who attended public schools in both urban and residential settings in 2014. They all completed the Sleep Self-Report questionnaire and the Screen Exposure Questionnaire...
June 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633714/three-generation-family-with-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndromeand-novel-phox2b-gene-non-polyalanine-repeat-mutation
#2
Ajay S Kasi, Taryn J Jurgensen, Stephanie Yen, Sheila S Kun, Thomas G Keens, Iris A Perez
PHOX2B non-polyalanine repeat mutation (NPARM) in patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is generally considered to beassociated with full-time ventilator dependence and severe autonomic nervous system dysfunction. We report a three-generation family with four individualspossessing a novel PHOX2B NPARM (c.245C > T) with variable phenotypes. This mutation was inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with variablepenetrance. The affected family members with CCHS have a milder phenotype than is typically expected with a NPARM...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633091/cyclic-alternating-pattern-and-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-during-morning-sleep-after-sleep-deprivation-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#3
Filippo Sean Giorgi, Michelangelo Maestri, Melania Guida, Luca Carnicelli, Lorenzo Caciagli, Raffaele Ferri, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Enrica Bonanni
PURPOSE: Sleep deprivation (SD) increases the occurrence of interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) compared to basal EEG in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In adults, EEG after SD is usually performed in the morning after SD. We aimed to evaluate whether morning sleep after SD bears additional IED-inducing effects compared with nocturnal physiological sleep, and whether changes in sleep stability (described by the cyclic alternating pattern-CAP) play a significant role. METHODS: Adult patients with TLE underwent in-lab night polysomnography (n-PSG) and, within 7days from n-PSG, they underwent also a morning EEG after night SD (SD-EEG)...
June 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632163/melatonin-as-a-novel-interventional-candidate-for-fragile-x-syndrome-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-humans
#4
REVIEW
Jinyoung Won, Yunho Jin, Jeonghyun Choi, Sookyoung Park, Tae Ho Lee, Sang-Rae Lee, Kyu-Tae Chang, Yonggeun Hong
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common monogenic form of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). FXS with ASD results from the loss of fragile X mental retardation (fmr) gene products, including fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), which triggers a variety of physiological and behavioral abnormalities. This disorder is also correlated with clock components underlying behavioral circadian rhythms and, thus, a mutation of the fmr gene can result in disturbed sleep patterns and altered circadian rhythms. As a result, FXS with ASD individuals may experience dysregulation of melatonin synthesis and alterations in melatonin-dependent signaling pathways that can impair vigilance, learning, and memory abilities, and may be linked to autistic behaviors such as abnormal anxiety responses...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631914/-impact-of-cpap-therapy-on-erectile-function-during-sleep-and-testosterone-level-in-men-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#5
I M Madaeva, O N Berdina, N V Semenova, V V Madaev, I N Gutnik, L I Kolesnikova
The article presents the results of a polysomnographic study with simultaneous monitoring spontaneous nocturnal erections - Nocturnal Penile Tumescences (NPT) in 69 men with age-related androgen deficiency (AAD). Of these, 45 patients were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In 34 of the 45 patients with OSAS, regimens of non-invasive ventilation with positive-positive airway pressure (CPAP) were selected. Titration was carried out using automatic CPAP-devices for 2 months. The control group (n=24) comprised men with AAD, matched by the "copy-pair" type without clinical manifestations of respiratory disturbances during sleep...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627307/sleep-quality-associated-with-different-work-schedules-a-longitudinal-study-of-nursing-staff
#6
Shu-Fen Niu, Nae-Fang Miao, Yuan-Mei Liao, Mei-Ju Chi, Min-Huey Chung, Kuei-Ru Chou
PURPOSE: To explore the differences in sleep parameters between nurses working a slow, forward rotating shift and those working a fixed day shift. METHOD: A longitudinal parallel-group comparison design was used in this prospective study. Participants (female) were randomly assigned to a rotating shift or a fixed day shift group. Participants in the rotating shift group worked day shift for the first 4 weeks, followed by evening shift for the second and night shift the third...
July 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627049/making-group-inferences-using-sparse-representation-of-resting-state-functional-mri-data-with-application-to-sleep-deprivation
#7
Hui Shen, Huaze Xu, Lubing Wang, Yu Lei, Liu Yang, Peng Zhang, Jian Qin, Ling-Li Zeng, Zongtan Zhou, Zheng Yang, Dewen Hu
Past studies on drawing group inferences for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data usually assume that a brain region is involved in only one functional brain network. However, recent evidence has demonstrated that some brain regions might simultaneously participate in multiple functional networks. Here, we presented a novel approach for making group inferences using sparse representation of resting-state fMRI data and its application to the identification of changes in functional networks in the brains of 37 healthy young adult participants after 36 h of sleep deprivation (SD) in contrast to the rested wakefulness (RW) stage...
June 19, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625682/are-circadian-rhythms-new-pathways-to-understand-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
M-M Geoffray, A Nicolas, M Speranza, N Georgieff
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a frequent neurodevelopmental disorder. ASD is probably the result of intricate interactions between genes and environment altering progressively the development of brain structures and functions. Circadian rhythms are a complex intrinsic timing system composed of almost as many clocks as there are body cells. They regulate a variety of physiological and behavioral processes such as the sleep- wake rhythm. ASD is often associated with sleep disorders and low levels of melatonin...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623806/prevalence-and-correlates-of-light-and-non-daily-smoking-in-brazil-results-from-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#9
Taynara Dutra Batista Formagini, Henrique Pinto Gomide, Jaime Perales, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati
BACKGROUND: The research of light (≤10 cigarettes per day) and non-daily smokers in developing countries including Brazil is scarce despite the high prevalence of these groups among smokers and health risks associated to low-level smoking. OBJECTIVE: To describe health and smoking characteristics of Brazilian adult light and non-daily smokers. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Research survey (n=48,282). RESULTS: The prevalence of current manufactured cigarette smoking in the total sample was 12...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622764/-in-the-mood-for-ageing-determinants-of-subjective-well-being-in-older-men-and-women-of-the-population-based-kora-age-study
#10
Karoline Lukaschek, Anushiya Vanajan, Hamimatunnisa Johar, Nina Weiland, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
BACKGROUND: To investigate risk factors associated with low subjective well-being (SWB) in men and women (≥65 years) separately with a special focus on emotional distress. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 3602 participants (50.6% women) aged 65-90 years (mean age 72.8 years, SD ± 5.8) from the population-based KORA-Age study conducted in 2008/2009. SWB was assessed using the WHO-5 well-being index (score range: 0 to 100). SWB was dichotomized into "low" (score ≤ 50) and "high" (score > 50) SWB...
June 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622127/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-during-routine-electroencephalogram-eeg-a-hospital-based-descriptive-study
#11
Rajesh P Poothrikovil, Abdullah Al Asmi, Ramachandiran Nandhagopal, Mohammed Al Abri
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is a common condition that is associated with a range of medical problems including hypertension, cardiovascular complications, and increase of seizure frequency in susceptible individuals. Polysomnography (PSG) is considered the gold standard measure in the diagnosis of SDB. This is an observational study on the frequency of SDB in adult patients referred for routine EEG. We found that routine EEG was capable of detecting moderate to severe symptoms of SDB in 14% of adult patients (95% confidence interval = 8...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620440/feeling-cold-and-other-underestimated-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-anecdotes-or-individual-profiles-for-advanced-patient-stratification
#12
REVIEW
Olga Golubnitschaja
Breast cancer (BC) epidemic is recognised as being characteristic for the early twenty-first century. BC is a multifactorial disease, and a spectrum of modifiable (preventable) factors significantly increasing risks has been described. This article highlights a series of underestimated symptoms for consequent BC risk assessment and patient stratification. Phenomena of the deficient thermoregulation, altered sensitivity to different stimuli (pain, thirst, smell, light, stress provocation), dehydration, altered circadian and sleep patterns, tendency towards headache, migraine attacks and dizziness, as well as local and systemic hypoxic effects are discussed for BC patients providing functional links and proposing new approaches in the overall BC management...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620347/neural-consequences-of-chronic-short-sleep-reversible-or-lasting
#13
REVIEW
Zhengqing Zhao, Xiangxiang Zhao, Sigrid C Veasey
Approximately one-third of adolescents and adults in developed countries regularly experience insufficient sleep across the school and/or work week interspersed with weekend catch up sleep. This common practice of weekend recovery sleep reduces subjective sleepiness, yet recent studies demonstrate that one weekend of recovery sleep may not be sufficient in all persons to fully reverse all neurobehavioral impairments observed with chronic sleep loss, particularly vigilance. Moreover, recent studies in animal models demonstrate persistent injury to and loss of specific neuron types in response to chronic short sleep (CSS) with lasting effects on sleep/wake patterns...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619656/the-large-scale-functional-connectivity-correlates-of-consciousness-and-arousal-during-the-healthy-and-pathological-human-sleep-cycle
#14
REVIEW
Enzo Tagliazucchi, Eus J W van Someren
Advances in neuroimaging have greatly improved our understanding of human sleep from a systems neuroscience perspective. However, cognition and awareness are reduced during sleep, hindering the applicability of standard task-based paradigms. Methods recently developed to study spontaneous brain activity fluctuations have proven useful to overcome this limitation. In this review, we focus on the concept of functional connectivity (FC, i.e. statistical covariance between brain activity signals) and its application to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired during sleep...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#15
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619182/evolution-of-circadian-rhythms-from-bacteria-to-human
#16
REVIEW
Utpal Bhadra, Nirav Thakkar, Paromita Das, Manika Pal Bhadra
The human body persists in its rhythm as per its initial time zone, and transition always occur according to solar movements around the earth over 24 h. While traveling across different latitudes and longitudes, at the pace exceeding the earth's movement, the changes in the external cues exceed the level of toleration of the body's biological clock. This poses an alteration in our physiological activities of sleep-wake pattern, mental alertness, organ movement, and eating habits, causing them to temporarily lose the track of time...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-pattern-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#17
Kim Dy Daban, Daniel Yt Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture on sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613259/lifestyle-patterns-and-weight-status-in-spanish-adults-the-anibes-study
#18
Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Marta Gianzo-Citores, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina
Limited knowledge is available on lifestyle patterns in Spanish adults. We investigated dietary patterns and possible meaningful clustering of physical activity, sedentary behavior, sleep time, and smoking in Spanish adults aged 18-64 years and their association with obesity. Analysis was based on a subsample (n = 1617) of the cross-sectional ANIBES study in Spain. We performed exploratory factor analysis and subsequent cluster analysis of dietary patterns, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, sleep time, and smoking...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612998/symptom-experience-in-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#19
Karen Pugh-Clarke, Sue Cheryl Read, Julius Sim
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that symptoms attributable to impaired kidney function are important determinants of quality of life and functional status in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Accordingly, symptom assessment and subsequent control are prerequisites of high-quality care in this patient population. Whilst symptom burden in patients with advanced CKD managed without dialysis has been likened to that of palliative care cancer populations, there is little information about the nature and range of symptoms in earlier stages of the CKD trajectory...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612405/a-comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-development-in-two-astyanax-cavefish-populations
#20
Bethany A Stahl, Joshua B Gross
Organisms that are isolated into extreme environments often evolve extreme phenotypes. However, global patterns of dynamic gene expression changes that accompany dramatic environmental changes remain largely unknown. The blind Mexican cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus, has evolved a number of severe cave-associated phenotypes including loss of vision and pigmentation, craniofacial bone fusions, increased fat storage, reduced sleep, and amplified nonvisual sensory systems. Interestingly, surface-dwelling forms have repeatedly entered different caves throughout Mexico, providing a natural set of "replicate" instances of cave isolation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
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