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UFH rivaroxaban

Giuseppe Gargiulo, Aris Moschovitis, Stephan Windecker, Marco Valgimigli
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a milestone for treating coronary artery disease (CAD). Antithrombotic therapy is essential to prevent ischemic complications, including the microvascular no-reflow, while minimizing bleeding events. AREAS COVERED: This overview discusses available and developing drugs for PCI including anticoagulants, antiplatelets and treatment of no-reflow. EXPERT OPINION: For years unfractionated heparin (UFH) has been the unique anticoagulant to be used before and during PCI...
2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Jaroslav Malý
Thromboembolic disease (TED) is a considerable social and health problem. The solution evidently consists in the prevention of TED in clinical fields, not in the treatment itself. We can assume that effective prevention consequently reduces the cost of the following treatment. A lethal pulmonary embolism (PE) can be the first and the final clinical manifestation in patients with an asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis. This makes the systematic prevention of venous thromboembolism in higher risk patients necessary...
June 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Christopher M Hillis, Mark A Crowther
The acute phase of venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment focuses on the prompt and safe initiation of full-dose anticoagulation to decrease morbidity and mortality. Immediate management consists of resuscitation, supportive care, and thrombolysis for patients with haemodynamically significant pulmonary embolism (PE) or limb-threatening deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Patients with contraindications to anticoagulants are considered for vena cava filters. Disposition for the acute treatment of VTE is then considered based on published risk scores and the patient's social status, as the first seven days carries the highest risk for VTE recurrence, extension and bleeding due to anticoagulation...
June 2015: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
P Vranckx, F W G Leebeek, J G P Tijssen, J Koolen, F Stammen, J-P R Herman, R J de Winter, A W J van T Hof, B Backx, W Lindeboom, S-Y Kim, B Kirsch, M van Eickels, F Misselwitz, F W A Verheugt
Patients on rivaroxaban requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represent a clinical conundrum. We aimed to investigate whether rivaroxaban, with or without an additional bolus of unfractionated heparin (UFH), effectively inhibits coagulation activation during PCI. Stable patients (n=108) undergoing elective PCI and on stable dual antiplatelet therapy were randomised (2:2:2:1) to a short treatment course of rivaroxaban 10 mg (n=30), rivaroxaban 20 mg (n=32), rivaroxaban 10 mg plus UFH (n=30) or standard peri-procedural UFH (n=16)...
August 2015: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Hiroshi Matsuo, Martin Prins, Anthonie W A Lensing, Emi Watanabe Fujinuma, Yuki Miyamoto, Mariko Kajikawa
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the standard of care for the treatment of pulmonary embolism (PE) and/or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) consists of intravenous unfractionated heparin (UFH) followed by warfarin, which was recently compared with rivaroxaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, in randomized trials. AIM: To examine the length of hospital stay in patients with PE and/or DVT receiving rivaroxaban compared to Japanese standard therapy in the Japanese (J)-EINSTEIN PE and DVT program...
June 2015: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Norikazu Yamada, Atsushi Hirayama, Hideaki Maeda, Satoru Sakagami, Hiroo Shikata, Martin H Prins, Anthonie Wa Lensing, Masaharu Kato, Junichi Onuma, Yuki Miyamoto, Kazuma Iekushi, Mariko Kajikawa
BACKGROUND: The global EINSTEIN DVT and PE studies compared rivaroxaban (15 mg twice daily for 3 weeks followed by 20 mg once daily) with enoxaparin/vitamin K antagonist therapy and demonstrated non-inferiority for efficacy and superiority for major bleeding. Owing to differences in targeted anticoagulant intensities in Japan, Japanese patients were not enrolled into the global studies. Instead, a separate study of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and/or pulmonary embolism (PE) in Japanese patients was conducted, which compared the Japanese standard of care with a reduced dose of rivaroxaban...
2015: Thrombosis Journal
Giuseppe De Luca, Harry Suryapranata
There has been a considerable effort to improve adjunctive antithrombotic therapies to reperfusion strategies in the treatment of ST-segment elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Therefore, the aim of this article is to provide a critical and updated overview of recent advances on adjunctive antithrombotic therapies in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for STEMI. Due to very low costs, early Unfractionated Heparin (UFH) plus additional periprocedural administration should still be regarded as the gold standard in antithrombotic therapy, whereas subsequent subcutaneous administration of Low Molecular Weight Heparins (LMWHs) or fondaparinux should be considered, especially in patients at higher risk of thromboembolic complications...
2015: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Lana A Castellucci, Chris Cameron, Grégoire Le Gal, Marc A Rodger, Doug Coyle, Philip S Wells, Tammy Clifford, Esteban Gandara, George Wells, Marc Carrier
IMPORTANCE: Many anticoagulant strategies are available for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism, yet little guidance exists regarding which drug is most effective and safe. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and compare the efficacy and safety outcomes associated with 8 anticoagulation options (unfractionated heparin [UFH], low-molecular-weight heparin [LMWH], or fondaparinux in combination with vitamin K antagonists); LMWH with dabigatran or edoxaban; rivaroxaban; apixaban; and LMWH alone) for treatment of venous thromboembolism...
September 17, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
I Ahrens, C Bode, A Zirlik
Current antithrombotic therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) comprises antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. Dual antiplatelet therapy composed of aspirin plus a third generation P2Y12 inhibitor (prasugrel or ticagrelor) represents the gold standard, while aspirin plus second generation P2Y12 inhibitor (clopidogrel) may be used as an alternative in the presence of contraindications for third generation P2Y12 inhibitors and/or a high risk of bleeding. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) has been the unchallenged mainstay in anticoagulation for ACS for many decades and is still widely used in patients with ACS treated interventionally...
2014: Hämostaseologie
Prakash Harikrishnan, Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, Wilbert S Aronow
Warfarin, unfractionated heparin (UFH), and low-molecular-weight heparins are anticoagulants that have been used for treatment of pulmonary embolism. Currently approved drugs for treatment of venous thromboembolism include UFH, enoxaparin, dalteparin, fondaparinux, warfarin, and rivaroxaban. The advent of newer oral anticoagulants such as rivaroxaban, dabigatran, and apixaban has provided us with alternative therapeutic options for long-term anticoagulation. This article will give an overview of the various anticoagulant drugs, use in various clinical scenarios, data supporting their clinical use, and recommendations regarding duration of anticoagulant therapy...
March 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
P Dulíček
There are a several new anticoagulants emerging in the clinical medicine in the last a few years. Rivaroxaban, an oral direct F Xa inhibitor has been already approved in more than 100 countries worldwide, and Dabigatran etexilate, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor is also routinely used in thromboprophylaxis of venous thromboembolism. These agents possess many of the characteristic of the "ideal" anticoagulant but a lack of specific antidotes may be a potentional disadvantage in the therapy of bleeding complications...
July 2012: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Silvia Bozzato, Luca Galli, Walter Ageno
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains the most common preventable cause of death in hospitalized patients. There is much evidence to show the efficacy of prophylactic strategies to prevent VTE in at-risk hospitalized patients. For example, pharmacological prophylaxis reduces the risk of pulmonary embolism by 75% in general surgical patients and by 57% in medical patients. Thus international guidelines strongly recommend effective preventive strategies for all hospitalized patients defined as moderate to high risk for VTE...
April 2012: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Anja Kaeberich, Iris Reindl, Uwe Raaz, Lars Maegdefessel, Alexander Vogt, Torsten Linde, Ulrich Steinseifer, Elisabeth Perzborn, Baerbel Hauroeder, Michael Buerke, Karl Werdan, Axel Schlitt
Thromboembolism and bleeding after mechanical heart valve replacement are still unsolved problems, particularly for patients requiring anticoagulative bridging therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rivaroxaban, a new oral selective and direct coagulation factor Xa inhibitor, is as effective as enoxaparin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) in preventing thrombus formation on mechanical heart valves using an in vitro system. Blood from healthy male donors was anticoagulated with either UFH, enoxaparin, rivaroxaban at 300 ng/ml, (n = 10 each), or rivaroxaban at 30 ng/ml (n = 3)...
November 2011: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Benjamin Brenner, Ron Hoffman
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is increasing and the disease has been found to account for over 500,000 annual deaths in the European Union. VTE is associated with increased mortality and may lead to serious long-term complications. Unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and vitamin K antagonists (VKA) have remained standard of care for many years. Recent trials of novel anticoagulants have indicated that new therapeutical options may soon become available...
September 2011: Blood Reviews
Vincenzo Toschi, Maddalena Lettino
Cardiovascular diseases are still the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in western countries and antithrombotic treatment is nowadays widely used. Drugs able to reduce coagulation activation are the treatment of choice for a number of arterial and/or venous thromboembolic conditions. Some of the drugs currently used for this purpose, such as heparins (UFH or LMWH) and VKA, have limitations consisting of a narrow therapeutic window and an unpredictable response with the need of laboratory monitoring in order to assess their efficacy and safety...
October 2011: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Walter Ageno
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a spectrum of diseases that includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Anticoagulant treatment is the mainstay of therapy for VTE. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) followed by vitamin K antagonists have been the treatment of choice for most patients with VTE, with the aim to prevent thrombus extension or embolization and recurrent VTE. Fondaparinux, a selective, indirect, parenteral factor Xa inhibitor, is now also approved for the initial treatment of VTE and represents an important alternative to UFH or LMWH...
March 2010: Korean Journal of Hematology
M Samama, J Conard, M-H Horellou, L Le Flem, C Guinet, F Depasse
After having been used for decades, heparins (unfractionated heparin [UFH] or low molecular weight heparins [LMWH]) and vitamin K antagonists (VKA), which are only parenterally active or which are responsible for frequent iatrogenicity respectively, have to face the competition of new anticoagulant drugs targeting either factor Xa or factor IIa (thrombin). Rivaroxaban (Xarelto(®)) and Dabigatran Etexilate (Pradaxa(®)) are the two leading components. They are more convenient to use and do not require routine coagulation monitoring...
November 2010: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Alessandro Squizzato, Erica Romualdi, Francesco Dentali, Walter Ageno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Several randomized controlled trials have shown that pharmacological thromboprophylaxis with low-dose unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or fondaparinux reduces venous thromboembolism (VTE) after general surgery. No high-quality evidence supports the use of pharmacological thromboprohylaxis with traditional antithrombotic drugs in patients undergoing ambulatory surgery without additional VTE risk factors, stratified at low risk of VTE by the American College of Chest Physicians guidelines...
December 2010: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Volker Laux, Elisabeth Perzborn, Stefan Heitmeier, Georges von Degenfeld, Elke Dittrich-Wengenroth, Anja Buchmüller, Christoph Gerdes, Frank Misselwitz
Heparins, either unfractionated or low-molecular-weight (UFH and LMWHs), and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are currently the anticoagulants of choice for the prevention of post-operative venous thromboembolism (VTE) and for the treatment of acute venous and arterial thromboembolism. While VKAs are widely used in the US, LMWHs are the standard of care in the EU. Although efficacious, these agents are associated with a number of drawbacks, such as the risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, the need for frequent coagulation monitoring in the case of UFH and VKAs, and the parenteral mode of administration in the case of heparins, which can lead to problems associated with patient compliance...
November 2009: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Antonio Gómez-Outes, Ramón Lecumberri, Carmen Pozo, Eduardo Rocha
Anticoagulation is recommended for prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) and/or arterial thromboembolism. The therapeutic arsenal of anticoagulants available to clinicians is mainly composed by unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), fondaparinux and oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA) (i.e. warfarin and acenocumarol). These anticoagulants are effective, but they require parenteral administration (UFH, LMWH, fondaparinux) and/or frequent anticoagulant monitoring (intravenous UFH, oral VKA)...
July 2009: Current Vascular Pharmacology
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