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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902651/anticoagulant-therapy-for-acute-venous-thromboembolism
#1
Hilal Ermiş, Necip Ermiş
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are currently defined as venous thromboembolism (VTE) since they share pathophysiological features and the treatment is similar in many respects. It has been determined that more than 90% of PE cases originate from DVT in the legs. PE, which is difficult to diagnose, has a mortality rate of 12% when untreated. The worldwide increase in obesity, cancer diseases, and average survival time also contribute to the increase in the incidence of VTE. Traditional treatment of VTE includes heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, and warfarin...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900525/a-case-of-legionella-pneumophila-evaluated-with-ct-and-ultrasound
#2
Alessio D'Angelo, Chiara De Simone, Marco Pagnottella, Stefano Rossi, Raffaele Pepe, Giacomo Ruggieri, Giulio Cocco, Cosima Schiavone
A 36-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department of "SS Annunziata" hospital in Chieti complaining of a sharp chest pain arisen some hours before admission. On examination, the patient looked sweaty; his vital signs showed tachycardia and augmented breath rate; sinus tachycardia and normal ventricular repolarization were observed on ECG, and no abnormalities were observed in the echoscan of the hearth. According to the clinical and electrocardiographic findings, and to previous episode of DVT in anamnesis, a thorax CT scan was performed in order to rule out pulmonary embolism...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886989/factors-associated-with-contralateral-deep-venous-thrombosis-after-iliocaval-venous-stenting
#3
S A Khairy, R J Neves, O Hartung, G J O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The majority of iliac venous obstructions occur on the left side, and endovascular therapy has become the first line treatment for this condition. A left common iliac venous stent will protrude into the inferior vena cava (IVC) to some extent, thereby covering the contralateral common iliac vein (CIV) outflow. This may increase the risk of thrombosis of the contralateral iliac vein. The aim of this paper was to determine the rate of, and factors associated with, contralateral lower limb venous thrombosis after stenting, and to evaluate the results of salvage revascularisation...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885078/the-law-of-unintended-consequences-current-design-challenges-in-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#4
Audrey Magnowski, Matthew Brown, Kristofer Schramm, Jonathan Lindquist, Paul J Rochon, D Thor Johnson, Kimi L Kondo, Kush Desai, Robert J Lewandowski, Robert K Ryu
Venous thromboembolic disease (VTD) encompassing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a commonly encountered condition with potentially fatal sequelae. When unable to be adequately anticoagulated, patients require a mechanical means to prevent PE. This review discusses the history of inferior vena cava interruption and the development of inferior vena cava filters (IVCF). Areas covered: Milestone innovations in the mechanical treatment of VTD, their successes and shortcomings are discussed...
September 8, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884054/the-role-of-apixaban-in-the-treatment-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#5
Sidra Khalid, Hamed Daw
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) can present as arterial and venous thrombosis in adults who are treated with heparin. We present a case of a patient who developed HIT when she was treated for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism with heparin. During the treatment with heparin and while being transitioned to warfarin, she developed arterial thrombosis. A work-up for HIT was sent, and it was positive. She was started on the argatroban drip and her platelet counts stabilized. Since her platelet counts remained stable and were not increasing for three weeks, we decided to transition the patient to an oral anticoagulant...
July 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877605/obesity-paradox-in-patients-with-deep-venous-thrombosis
#6
Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Hassan Al-Thani
We aimed to investigate the association between obesity and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in a country with a high prevalence of obesity. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who presented with DVT between 2008 and 2012. Data were analyzed and compared based on body mass index (BMI), and patients were classified into normal (<25), overweight (≥25 to <30), obese I (30 to <35), obese II (35 to <40), and obese III (≥40). Among 662 patients with DVT, 28% were overweight and 49% were obese...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871623/clinical-course-of-patients-with-symptomatic-isolated-superficial-vein-thrombosis-the-icaro-follow-up-study
#7
S Barco, F Pomero, M N D Di Minno, E Tamborini Permunian, A Malato, S Pasca, G Barillari, L Fenoglio, S Siragusa, G Di Minno, W Ageno, F Dentali
BACKGROUND: Studies of long-term thromboembolic complications and death following acute isolated superficial vein thrombosis (iSVT) of the lower extremities are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the course of iSVT in the setting of an observational multicenter study. METHODS: We collected longitudinal data of 411 consecutive outpatients with acute, symptomatic, objectively-diagnosed iSVT previously included in the cross-sectional ICARO study...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867752/genotyping-of-cyp2c9-and-vkorc1-polymorphisms-predicts-south-indian-patients-with-deep-vein-thrombosis-as-fast-metabolizers-of-warfarin-acenocoumarin
#8
Ganesan Arunkumar, Durairajpandian Vishnuprabu, Bitt Nupur, Thiruvengadam Vidyasagaran, Avaniyapuram Kannan Murugan, Arasambattu Kannan Munirajan
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a life-threatening disease. Warfarin and acenocoumarol are anticoagulants used to treat DVT and vary among individuals in terms of treatment response/toxicity. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP2C9 and VKORC1 play a role in the pharmacokinetics and dynamics of warfarin and acenocoumarol and they determine the efficacy of treatment by controlling drug clearance in treated individuals. The aim of the current study was to genotype the critical SNPs of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genes in a south Indian population in order to understand the metabolizer phenotype of patients with DVT...
2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858115/safety-of-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-the-treatment-of-acute-lower-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Li Wang, Chuanlin Zhang, Shaoyu Mu, Chao Hsing Yeh, Liqun Chen, Zeju Zhang, Xueqin Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite established guidelines, catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for the management of acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) should not be overstated because the risks of CDT are uncertain. We performed a meta-analysis to comprehensively and quantitatively evaluate the safety of CDT for patients with acute lower extremity DVT. METHODS: Relevant databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Ovid MEDLINE, and Scopus, were searched up to January 2017...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856946/spontaneous-hit-syndrome-post-knee-replacement-surgery-with-delayed-recovery-of-thrombocytopenia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Dilli Ram Poudel, Sushil Ghimire, Rashmi Dhital, Daniel A Forman, Theodore E Warkentin
Recently published reports have established a heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)-mimicking thromboembolic disorder without proximate heparin exposure, called spontaneous HIT syndrome. Although the pathophysiology remains unclear, anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin antibodies possibly triggered by exposure to knee cartilage glycosaminoglycans or other non-heparin polyanions found on bacterial surfaces and nucleic acids have been postulated. We present a 53-year-old female receiving antithrombotic prophylaxis with aspirin following right total knee replacement surgery (without perioperative or any previous lifetime heparin exposure) who acutely presented with high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) and right great saphenous vein thrombophlebitis on postoperative day (POD) 14; her platelet count at presentation was 13 × 10(9)/L...
August 31, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853344/allergy-medicine-may-help-treat-deep-vein-thrombosis
#11
(no author information available yet)
Common anti-allergy medicine could prove to be an effective treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT), according to new research.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853209/inferior-vena-cava-atresia-predisposing-to-acute-lower-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-children-a-descriptive-dual-center-study
#12
Cristina Tarango, Riten Kumar, Manish Patel, Anne Blackmore, Patrick Warren, Joseph S Palumbo
PURPOSE: Thrombosis in the healthy pediatric population is a rare occurrence. Little is known about the optimal treatment or outcomes of children with unprovoked acute lower extremity (LE) deep vein thrombosis (DVT) associated with atresia of the inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of patients with acute LE DVT subsequently found to have IVC atresia who presented to two tertiary pediatric institutions between 2008 and 2016...
August 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844444/epidemiology-of-the-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#13
Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Manuel Monreal, Susan R Kahn
The post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) refers to clinical manifestations of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) following a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). PTS is the most frequent complication of DVT, which develops in 20 to 50% of cases after proximal DVT and is severe in 5-10% of cases. The reported prevalence of PTS differs widely among studies because of differences in study populations, tools used to assess PTS, and time interval between acute DVT and PTS assessment. The two most important predictors of PTS are extensive proximal character of DVT and previous ipsilateral DVT...
July 24, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839334/central-venous-catheter-related-thrombosis-in-intensive-care-patients-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Ondrej Hrdy, Eva Strazevska, Petr Suk, Robert Vach, Radim Karlik, Jiri Jarkovsky, Igor Sas, Roman Gal
BACKGROUND: One of the complications associated with central venous catheter (CVC) placement is catheter related deep vein thrombosis (CR-DVT). However a literature search revealed little evidence of this recognised complication. The primary aim of this study was to establish the incidence rate and risk factors for the development of CR-DVT in our critically ill adult patients. METHODS: All critically ill adult patients admitted to the medical-surgical ICU with CVC inserted were included in this observational prospective study...
August 24, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832905/effect-of-testing-for-cancer-on-cancer-and-venous-thromboembolism-vte-related-mortality-and-morbidity-in-people-with-unprovoked-vte
#15
REVIEW
Lindsay Robertson, Su Ern Yeoh, Gerard Stansby, Roshan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a collective term for two conditions: deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). A proportion of people with VTE have no underlying or immediately predisposing risk factors and the VTE is referred to as unprovoked. Unprovoked VTE can often be the first clinical manifestation of an underlying malignancy. This has raised the question of whether people with an unprovoked VTE should be investigated for an underlying cancer. Treatment for VTE is different in cancer and non-cancer patients and a correct diagnosis would ensure that people received the optimal treatment for VTE to prevent recurrence and further morbidity...
August 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828188/incomplete-resolution-of-deep-vein-thromboses-during-rivaroxaban-therapy
#16
Jonathan M Yaghoubian, Jacob Adashek, Bahareh Yaghoubian-Yazi, Menachem Nagar, Nojan Toomari, Richard J Pietras, Uri M Ben-Zur
We present the case of a patient with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) who failed rivaroxaban therapy. Our patient initially presented with left lower extremity edema, erythema, and pain. He was subsequently started on rivaroxaban therapy for a combined treatment period of 12 months, during and after which he persisted to have evidence of a DVT. The patient's prescribed drug regimen was changed from rivaroxaban to warfarin, which demonstrated a rapid resolution of the DVTs as determined by ultrasound assessment of our patient's lower extremity veins...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822240/statin-use-and-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-a-large-active-comparator-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#17
Sherif M El-Refai, Esther P Black, Val R Adams, Jeffery C Talbert, Joshua D Brown
BACKGROUND: Statins have been shown to have a protective effect for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the general population. This study sought to assess the association between statins and the risk for cancer-associated deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed cancer were followed for up to one year in a healthcare claims database (2010-2013). Three treatment groups included statin users, non-statin cholesterol lowering medication users, and an untreated group with pre-existing indications for statin therapy (hyperlipidemia, diabetes, or heart disease)...
August 10, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818570/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spine-surgery
#18
Koji Yamasaki, Masahiro Hoshino, Keita Omori, Hidetoshi Igarashi, Takashi Tsuruta, Hiroyuki Miyakata, Yasuhiro Nemoto, Hiromi Matsuzaki, Takanori Iriuchishima
BACKGROUND: Spinal surgery is classified as a moderate risk for DVT. The occurrence of DVT after various spinal surgical procedures was reviewed retrospectively, and the perioperative risk factors in the high-risk group were identified. In addition, the administration of the factor Xa inhibitor to DVT subjects with unstable thrombosis was evaluated to reveal its effectiveness in the prevention of PTE and postoperative complications. METHODS: This study included 588 subjects who underwent lumbar spine surgery...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818219/contemporary-outcomes-after-venography-guided-treatment-of-patients-with-may-thurner-syndrome
#19
Johnathon C Rollo, Steven M Farley, Adam Z Oskowitz, Karen Woo, Brian G DeRubertis
OBJECTIVE: Patients with May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) present with a spectrum of findings ranging from mild left leg edema to extensive iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Whereas asymptomatic left common iliac vein (LCIV) compression can be seen in a high proportion of normal individuals on axial imaging, the percentage of these persons with symptomatic compression is small, and debate exists about the optimal clinical and diagnostic criteria to treat these lesions in patients with symptomatic venous disease...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818211/evaluation-of-thrombolysis-using-tissue-plasminogen-activator-in-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-with%C3%A2-concomitant-femoral-popliteal-venous-segment%C3%A2-involvement
#20
Mayin Lin, John C F Hsieh, Mian Hanif, Alan McDaniel, David K Chew
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines recommend thrombolytic therapy for iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Anticoagulation is the standard treatment for femoral-popliteal and tibial-level DVT. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) using tissue plasminogen activator vs standard anticoagulation alone in patients with lower extremity DVT involving the femoral-popliteal segment. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients referred to the vascular surgery service with lower extremity DVT from 2006 to 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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