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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221993/shading-based-surface-detail-recovery-under-general-unknown-illumination
#1
Di Xu, Qi Duan, Jianmin Zheng, Juyong Zhang, Jianfei Cai, Tat-Jen Cham
Reconstructing the shape of a 3D object from multi-view images under unknown, general illumination is a fundamental problem in computer vision and high quality reconstruction is usually challenging especially when fine detail is needed and the albedo of the object is non-uniform. This paper introduces vertex overall illumination vectors to model the illumination effect and presents a total variation (TV) based approach for recovering surface details using shading and multi-view stereo (MVS). Behind the approach are the two important observations: (1) the illumination over the surface of an object often appears to be piece wise smooth and (2) the recovery of surface orientation is not sufficient for reconstructing the surface, which was often overlooked previously...
February 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219649/a-novel-approach-to-segmentation-and-measurement-of-medical-image-using-level-set-methods
#2
Yao-Tien Chen
The study proposes a novel approach for segmentation and visualization plus value-added surface area and volume measurements for brain medical image analysis. The proposed method contains edge detection and Bayesian based level set segmentation, surface and volume rendering, and surface area and volume measurements for 3D objects of interest (i.e., brain tumor, brain tissue, or whole brain). Two extensions based on edge detection and Bayesian level set are first used to segment 3D objects. Ray casting and a modified marching cubes algorithm are then adopted to facilitate volume and surface visualization of medical-image dataset...
February 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218401/on-correction-of-translational-misalignments-between-section-planes-in-3d-ebsd
#3
O Šedivý, A Jäger
Three-dimensional electron backscatter diffraction allows obtaining the 3D image of a material from the stack of 2D sections. This is achieved by repeated application of two different beams; electron beam for electron backscatter diffraction mapping of the surface and focused ion beam for removing a thin layer of material from the surface. In most of these systems with two beams, the experiment requires stage movements for correct positioning of the sample to the respective beams. However, imperfections in this positioning are difficult to avoid, which yield small translational misalignments between the sections in the output data...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208231/fast-left-ventricle-tracking-using-localized-anatomical-affine-optical-flow
#4
Sandro Queirós, João L Vilaça, Pedro Morais, Jaime C Fonseca, Jan D'hooge, Daniel Barbosa
In daily clinical cardiology practice, left ventricle (LV) global and regional function assessment is crucial for disease diagnosis, therapy selection and patient follow-up. Currently, this is still a time-consuming task, spending valuable human resources. In this work, a novel fast methodology for automatic LV tracking is proposed based on localized anatomically constrained affine optical flow. This novel method can be combined to previously proposed segmentation frameworks or manually delineated surfaces at an initial frame to obtain fully delineated datasets and, thus, assess both global and regional myocardial function...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199758/mechanical-trap-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-for-three-dimensional-surface-molecular-imaging-of-single-live-cells
#5
Qianru Jin, Ming Li, Beril Polat, Santosh K Paidi, Aimee Dai, Amy Zhang, Jayson V Pagaduan, Ishan Barman, David H Gracias
Reported is a new shell-based spectroscopic platform, named mechanical trap surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MTSERS), for simultaneous capture, profiling, and 3D microscopic mapping of the intrinsic molecular signatures on the membrane of single live cells. By leveraging the functionalization of the inner surfaces of the MTs with plasmonic gold nanostars, and conformal contact of the cell membrane, MTSERS permits excellent signal enhancement, reliably detects molecular signatures, and allows non-perturbative, multiplex 3D surface imaging of analytes, such as lipids and proteins on the surface of single cells...
February 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198615/antibacterial-activities-of-graphene-oxide-molybdenum-disulfide-nanocomposite-films
#6
Tae In Kim, Buki Kwon, Jonghee Yoon, Ick-Joon Park, Gyeong Sook Bang, YongKeun Park, Yeon-Soo Seo, Sung-Yool Choi
Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, such as graphene-based materials and transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets, are promising materials for biomedical applications owing to their remarkable cytocompatibility and physicochemical properties. Based on their potent antibacterial properties, 2D materials have potential as antibacterial films, wherein the 2D nanosheets are immobilized on the surface and the bacteria may contact with the basal planes of 2D nanosheets dominantly rather than contact with the sharp edges of nanosheets...
February 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195372/conjugated-polymer-blends-for-organic-photovoltaics-rational-control-of-vertical-stratification-for-high-performance
#7
REVIEW
Yu Yan, Xuan Liu, Tao Wang
The photoactive layer of bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells, in a thickness range of tens to hundreds of nanometers, comprises phase-separated electron donors and acceptors after solution casting. The component distribution in the cross-section of these thin films is found to be heterogeneous, with electron donors or acceptors accumulated or depleted near the electrode interfaces. This vertical stratification of the photovoltaic blend influences device metrics through its impact on charge transport and recombination, and consequently plays an important role in determining the power conversion efficiency of photovoltaic devices...
February 13, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194728/diagnostic-performance-of-the-quantification-of-myocardium-at-risk-from-mpi-spect-cta-2g-fusion-for-detecting-obstructive-coronary-disease-a-multicenter-trial
#8
Marina Piccinelli, Cesar Santana, Gopi Kiran R Sirineni, Russell D Folks, C David Cooke, Chesnal D Arepalli, Santiago Aguade-Bruix, Zohar Keidar, Alex Frenkel, Ora Israel, Jaume Candell-Riera, Ernest V Garcia
BACKGROUND: The effective non-invasive identification of coronary artery disease (CAD) and its proper referral for invasive treatment are still unresolved issues. We evaluated our quantification of myocardium at risk (MAR) from our second generation 3D MPI/CTA fusion framework for the detection and localization of obstructive coronary disease. METHODS: Studies from 48 patients who had rest/stress MPI, CTA, and ICA were analyzed from 3 different institutions. From the CTA, a 3D biventricular surface of the myocardium with superimposed coronaries was extracted and fused to the perfusion distribution...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193576/overexpression-of-ubiquitin-carboxyl-terminal-hydrolase-l1-uchl1-in-serum-of-children-after-thermal-injury
#9
Ewa Matuszczak, Marzena Tylicka, Wojciech Dębek, Anna Sankiewicz, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Adam Hermanowicz
PURPOSE: The study aims to determinate concentrations of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1), which hydrolyzes amino acids from ubiquitin and cleave di-ubiquitins, in serum of children after thermal injury. PATIENTS/METHODS: 42 children scalded by hot water, managed at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2.5±1 years). Blood plasma UCHL1 concentration was assessed in 2-6h, 12-16h, 3d, 5d, and 7d after injury using surface plasmon resonance imaging biosensor...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192461/canine-neuroanatomy-development-of-a-3d-reconstruction-and-interactive-application-for-undergraduate-veterinary-education
#10
Hazel Raffan, Julien Guevar, Matthieu Poyade, Paul M Rea
Current methods used to communicate and present the complex arrangement of vasculature related to the brain and spinal cord is limited in undergraduate veterinary neuroanatomy training. Traditionally it is taught with 2-dimensional (2D) diagrams, photographs and medical imaging scans which show a fixed viewpoint. 2D representations of 3-dimensional (3D) objects however lead to loss of spatial information, which can present problems when translating this to the patient. Computer-assisted learning packages with interactive 3D anatomical models have become established in medical training, yet equivalent resources are scarce in veterinary education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192130/ielvis-an-open-source-matlab-toolbox-for-localizing-and-visualizing-human-intracranial-electrode-data
#11
David M Groppe, Stephan Bickel, Andrew R Dykstra, Xiuyuan Wang, Pierre Mégevand, Manuel R Mercier, Fred A Lado, Ashesh D Mehta, Christopher J Honey
BACKGROUND: Intracranial electrical recordings (iEEG) and brain stimulation (iEBS) are invaluable human neuroscience methodologies. However, the value of such data is often unrealized as many laboratories lack tools for localizing electrodes relative to anatomy. To remedy this, we have developed a MATLAB toolbox for intracranial electrode localization and visualization, iELVis. NEW METHOD: iELVis uses existing tools (BioImage Suite, FSL, and FreeSurfer) for preimplant magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) segmentation, neuroimaging coregistration, and manual identification of electrodes in postimplant neuroimaging...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189113/monodisperse-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-of-distinct-topology
#12
Leilei Luo, Yucang Liang, Egil Sev Erichsen, Reiner Anwander
Monodisperse and uniform high-quality MCM(Mobil Composition of Matter)-48-type CMSNs (Cubic Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles) are readily prepared by simply optimizing the molar ratio of ethanol and surfactant in the system TEOS-CTAB-NaOH-H2O-EtOH (TEOS=tetraethyl orthosilicate, CTAB=cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, EtOH=ethanol). In the absence of ethanol only hexagonal mesoporous silica with ellipsoidal and spherical morphology are obtained. The presence of ethanol drives a mesophase transformation from hexagonal to mixed hexagonal/cubic, further to purely cubic, and finally to a mixed cubic/lamellar...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188484/estimation-of-attachment-regions-of-hip-muscles-in-ct-image-using-muscle-attachment-probabilistic-atlas-constructed-from-measurements-in-eight-cadavers
#13
Norio Fukuda, Yoshito Otake, Masaki Takao, Futoshi Yokota, Takeshi Ogawa, Keisuke Uemura, Ryota Nakaya, Kazunori Tamura, Robert B Grupp, Amirhossein Farvardin, Mehran Armand, Nobuhiko Sugano, Yoshinobu Sato
PURPOSE: Patient-specific musculoskeletal biomechanical simulation is useful in preoperative surgical planning and postoperative assessment in orthopedic surgery and rehabilitation medicine. A difficulty in application of the patient-specific musculoskeletal modeling comes from the fact that the muscle attachment regions are typically invisible in CT and MRI. Our purpose is to develop a method for estimating patient-specific muscle attachment regions from 3D medical images and to validate with cadaver experiments...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186470/image-guidance-based-on-mri-for-spinal-interstitial-laser-thermotherapy-technical-aspects-and-accuracy
#14
Claudio E Tatsui, Clarissa N G Nascimento, Dima Suki, Behrang Amini, Jing Li, Amol J Ghia, Jonathan G Thomas, R Jason Stafford, Laurence D Rhines, Juan P Cata, Ashok J Kumar, Ganesh Rao
OBJECTIVE Image guidance for spinal procedures is based on 3D-fluoroscopy or CT, which provide poor visualization of soft tissues, including the spinal cord. To overcome this limitation, the authors developed a method to register intraoperative MRI (iMRI) of the spine into a neuronavigation system, allowing excellent visualization of the spinal cord. This novel technique improved the accuracy in the deployment of laser interstitial thermal therapy probes for the treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176678/a-non-axial-superconducting-magnet-design-for-optimized-patient-access-and-minimal-sad-for-use-in-a-linac-mr-hybrid-proof-of-concept
#15
Shima Yaghoobpour Tari, Keith Wachowicz, B Gino Fallone
A prototype rotating hybrid magnetic resonance (MR) imaging system and linac has been developed to allow for simultaneous imaging and radiation delivery parallel to B0. However, the design of a compact magnet capable of rotation in a small vault with sufficient patient access and a typical clinical source-to-axis distance (SAD) is challenging. This work presents a novel superconducting magnet design as a proof of concept that allows for a reduced SAD and ample patient access by moving the superconducting coils to the side of the yoke...
February 8, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174679/engineering-remotely-triggered-liposomes-to-target-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#16
Alexandra Sneider, Rahul Jadia, Brandon Piel, Derek VanDyke, Christopher Tsiros, Prakash Rai
Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) continues to present a challenge in the clinic, as there is still no approved targeted therapy. TNBC is the worst sub-type of breast cancer in terms of prognosis and exhibits a deficiency in estrogen, progesterone, and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) receptors. One possible option for the treatment of TNBC is chemotherapy. The issue with many chemotherapy drugs is that their effectiveness is diminished due to poor water solubility, and the method of administration directly or with a co-solvent intravenously can lead to an increase in toxicity...
2017: Oncomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163790/hypertrophy-changes-3d-shape-of-hipsc-cardiomyocytes-implications-for-cellular-maturation-in-regenerative-medicine
#17
Cassady E Rupert, Heidi H Chang, Kareen L K Coulombe
Advances in the use of human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes for heart regeneration and in vitro disease models demand a greater understanding of how these cells grow and mature in 3-dimensional space. In this study, we developed an analysis methodology of single cardiomyocytes plated on 2D surfaces to assess their 3D myofilament volume and its z-height distribution, or shape, upon hypertrophic stimulation via phenylephrine (PE) treatment or long-term culture ("aging"). Cardiomyocytes were fixed and labeled with α-actinin for confocal microscopy imaging to obtain z-stacks for 3D myofilament volume analysis...
February 2017: Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161205/comparison-of-three-dimensional-scanner-systems-for-craniomaxillofacial-imaging
#18
Paul G M Knoops, Caroline A A Beaumont, Alessandro Borghi, Naiara Rodriguez-Florez, Richard W F Breakey, William Rodgers, Freida Angullia, N U Owase Jeelani, Silvia Schievano, David J Dunaway
Two-dimensional photographs are the standard for assessing craniofacial surgery clinical outcomes despite lacking three-dimensional (3D) depth and shape. Therefore, 3D scanners have been gaining popularity in various fields of plastic and reconstructive surgery, including craniomaxillofacial surgery. Head shapes of eight adult volunteers were acquired using four 3D scanners: 1.5T Avanto MRI, Siemens; 3dMDface System, 3dMD Inc.; M4D Scan, Rodin4D; and Structure Sensor, Occipital Inc. Accuracy was evaluated as percentage of data within a range of 2 mm from the 3DMDface System reconstruction, by surface-to-surface root mean square (RMS) distances, and with facial distance maps...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157693/advantages-of-3d-ultrasound-in-the-assessment-of-fetal-abnormalities
#19
Eberhard Merz, Sonila Pashaj
Three-/four-dimensional (3D/4D) imaging enables a more detailed survey of the embryo and the fetus compared to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. The availability of several display modes and standardized examinations permits the demonstration of both the normal and abnormal fetal anatomy in controlled planes and rendered images from different angles. This allows the demonstration of even subtle fetal defects in an ideal sectional plane in a precisely rendered surface or transparent image viewed from an optimal angle...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155922/mapping-the-basal-ganglia-alterations-in-children-chronically-exposed-to-manganese
#20
Yi Lao, Laurie-Anne Dion, Guillaume Gilbert, Maryse F Bouchard, Gabriel Rocha, Yalin Wang, Natasha Leporé, Dave Saint-Amour
Chronic manganese (Mn) exposure is associated with neuromotor and neurocognitive deficits, but the exact mechanism of Mn neurotoxicity is still unclear. With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in-vivo analysis of brain structures has become possible. Among different sub-cortical structures, the basal ganglia (BG) has been investigated as a putative anatomical biomarker in MR-based studies of Mn toxicity. However, previous investigations have yielded inconsistent results in terms of regional MR signal intensity changes...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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