keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acute severe pancreatitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319407/investigation-of-procalcitonin-il-6-oxidative-stress-index-osi-plasma-and-tissue-levels-in-experimental-mild-and-severe-pancreatitis-in-rats
#1
M Soyalp, M Yalcin, V Oter, A Ozgonul
AIM: This study was planned to evaluate blood and tissue levels of procalcitonin, IL-6 and Oxidative Stress Index (OSI), which have a role in the pathophysiology of inflammation, in rats with experimental mild and severe pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male Wistar Albino rats were included in the study and the rats were equally divided into the three groups. After 1, 5 and 24 hours, blood was obtained from the tail of all rats and samples were taken from pancreas tissue after 24 hours...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317043/il-8-gene-polymorphism-in-acute-biliary-and-non-biliary-pancreatitis-probable-cause-of-high-level-parameters
#2
Ender Anilir, Filiz Ozen, Ibrahim Halil Yildirim, Ibrahim Ali Ozemir, Can Ozlu, Orhan Alimoglu
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Inflammatory mediators of the innate immune response play fundamental roles in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. The correlation between interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene polymorphism with types of acute pancreatitis and severity of pancreatitis, was evaluated in this study. METHODS: According to the diagnostic criteria, 176 patients with acute pancreatitis were grouped into biliary (n=83) and nonbiliary pancreatitis (n=93). Healthy blood donors (n=100) served as controls...
February 2017: Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315674/dichotomy-between-receptor-interacting-protein-1-and-receptor-interacting-protein-3-mediated-necroptosis-in-experimental-pancreatitis
#3
Jianghong Wu, Tunike Mulatibieke, Jianbo Ni, Xiao Han, Bin Li, Yue Zeng, Rong Wan, Xingpeng Wang, Guoyong Hu
Pancreatic acinar cell necrosis and inflammatory responses are two key pathologic processes in acute pancreatitis (AP), which determines the severity and outcome of the disease. Recent studies suggest that necroptosis, a programed form of necrosis, is involved in the pathogenesis of AP, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated the expression of necrosome components, including receptor-interacting protein (RIP) 1, RIP3, and mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL), and the molecular mechanisms in pancreatitis-associated necroptosis...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301241/pathology-and-tissue-distribution-of-an-lpai-h5n8-of-north-american-lineage-isolated-from-an-outbreak-in-commercial-japanese-quail-coturnix-c-japonica-in-the-central-valley-of-california
#4
S Carnaccini, S T Stoute, A A Bickford, H L Shivaprasad
This report describes the pathology and tissue distribution of avian influenza (AI) antigens by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the tissues of commercial layer quail from a natural outbreak of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N8. LPAI virus H5N8 of North American lineage was diagnosed in commercial Japanese quail hens ( Coturnix coturnix japonica) in California based on serology, reverse-transcriptase real-time polymerase chain reaction, virus isolation, and sequencing. The sudden increase in mortality in a flock of laying quail hens had prompted the submission of 15 live and 5 dead, 10- to 15-wk-old quail to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, Turlock branch in the beginning of April 2014...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300832/deletion-of-xiap-reduces-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis-via-regulation-of-cell-death-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity
#5
Yong Liu, Xiao-Dong Chen, Jiang Yu, Jun-Lin Chi, Fei-Wu Long, Hong-Wei Yang, Ke-Ling Chen, Zhao-Ying Lv, Bin Zhou, Zhi-Hai Peng, Xiao-Feng Sun, Yuan Li, Zong-Guang Zhou
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) still remains a clinical challenge, not only for its high mortality but the uncontrolled inflammatory progression from acute pancreatitis (AP) to SAP. Cell death, including apoptosis and necrosis are critical pathology of AP, since the severity of pancreatitis correlates directly with necrosis and inversely with apoptosis Therefore, regulation of cell death from necrosis to apoptosis may have practicably therapeutic value. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is the best characterized member of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) family, but its function in AP remains unclear...
March 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298192/how-to-select-patients-and-timing-for-rectal-indomethacin-to-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jianhua Wan, Yuping Ren, Zhenhua Zhu, Liang Xia, Nonghua Lu
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Previous meta-analyses have shown that indomethacin effectively prevents this complication; however, the data are limited. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the applications for rectal indomethacin. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in June 2016. Human prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trials that compared rectally administered indomethacin with a placebo for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) were included...
March 15, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294952/can-c-reactive-protein-levels-increase-the-accuracy-of-the-ranson-score-in-predicting-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Fatih Başak, Mustafa Hasbahçeci, Abdullah Şişik, Aylin Acar, Kemal Tekesin, Gürhan Baş, Orhan Alimoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an acute inflammatory disorder of the pancreas, and its severe form affects nearly all systems of the body. The purpose of this study is to assess the Ranson score and the C-reactive-protein level as a novel model for prediction of the disease severity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the C-reactive-protein for the prediction of severe AP. We recorded the Ranson score and C-reactive-protein values in AP patients and determined the severity of the disease using the revised Atlanta classification...
March 15, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294403/novel-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-acute-pancreatitis-based-on-the-determinants-of-severity-okuda-state-of-the-art-lecture
#8
John A Windsor, Alistair Escott, Lisa Brown, Anthony R J Phillips
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disease for which a specific treatment remains elusive. The key determinants of the outcome from AP are persistent organ failure and infected pancreatic necrosis. The prevention and treatment of these determinants provides a framework for the development of specific treatment strategies. The gut-lymph concept provides a common mechanism for systemic inflammation and organ dysfunction. Acute and critical illness, including AP, is associated with intestinal ischaemia and drastic changes in the composition of gut lymph, which bypasses the liver to drain into the systemic circulation immediately proximal to the major organ systems which fail...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293757/glucose-variability-measures-as-predictors-of-oral-feeding-intolerance-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-prospective-pilot-study
#9
Chirag J Jivanji, Varsha M Asrani, Sayali A Pendharkar, Melody G Bevan, Nicola A Gillies, Danielle H E Soo, Ruma G Singh, Maxim S Petrov
BACKGROUND: Oral feeding intolerance (OFI) is a common complication in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). Variations in blood glucose are associated with impaired gastrointestinal function but, to date, measures of glucose variability have not been investigated to predict OFI in patients with AP. AIM: To investigate the usefulness of several glucose variability measures in predicting the occurrence of OFI early in the course of AP. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, six measures of glucose variability were calculated prior to the occurrence of OFI...
March 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293095/different-phenotypes-of-monocytes-in-patients-with-new-onset-mild-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Man-Li Zhang, Yan-Fang Jiang, Xin-Rui Wang, Li-Li Ding, Hong-Juan Wang, Qing-Qing Meng, Pu-Jun Gao
AIM: To evaluate the numbers of different subsets of monocytes and their associations with the values of clinical measures in mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) patients. METHODS: The study included one group of 13 healthy controls and another group of 24 patients with new-onset MAP. The numbers of different subsets of monocytes were examined in these two groups of subjects by flow cytometry. The concentrations of plasma interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 were determined by cytometric bead array...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293083/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-da-cheng-qi-decoction-in-the-liver-of-rats-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#11
Yu-Mei Zhang, Hong-Yu Ren, Xian-Lin Zhao, Juan Li, Jun-Yi Li, Fu-Sheng Wu, Hang Su, Wen-Fu Tang
AIM: To explore the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of Da-Cheng-Qi decoction (DCQD) in the liver of rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) based on an herbal recipe tissue pharmacology hypothesis. METHODS: Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group (SOG); a model group (MG); and low-, median- and high-dose treatment groups (LDG, MDG, and HDG, respectively). Different dosages (6, 12 and 24 g/kg for the LDG, MDG, and HDG, respectively) of DCQD were administered to the rats with SAP...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292382/comparison-of-harmless-acute-pancreatitis-score-with-ranson-s-score-in-predicting-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#12
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictability of harmless acute pancreatitis score (HAPS) in determining the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) and compare it with Ranson's score. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 2012 and December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients admitted with AP at King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, during 2012 - 2015 were studied prospectively...
February 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291833/tamoxifen-use-and-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Fan-Gen Hsu, Yow-Wen Hsieh, Ming-Jyh Sheu, Che-Chen Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chung Y Hsu, Chang-Yin Lee, Mei-Yin Chang, Kuang-Hsi Chang
BACKGROUND: Several case reports have indicated that tamoxifen induced acute pancreatitis (AP); but no pharmacoepidemiological data support the claim. Therefore, we investigated whether tamoxifen use is correlated with the risk of AP in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A cohort of 22 005 patients aged ≥20 years with breast cancer from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2009 was identified and the date of cancer diagnosis was set as the index date...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291705/serum-calcium-as-an-indicator-of-persistent-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis
#14
Tao Peng, Xin Peng, Min Huang, Jing Cui, Yushun Zhang, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang
AIM: Decreased level of serum calcium was commonly seen in critical illness. Hypocalcemia was significantly more frequent in patients with severe form of acute pancreatitis (AP), and a negative correlation was observed between endotoxemia and serum calcium in AP. AP patients with persistent organ failure (POF) show an extremely high mortality. The association underlying calcium and POF in AP has not been characterized. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients who presented within 72hours from symptom onset of AP at our center between January 2014 and May 2015...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284702/the-role-of-registries-in-rare-genetic-lipid-disorders-review-and-introduction-of-the-first-global-registry-in-lipoprotein-lipase-deficiency
#15
REVIEW
Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Erik Stroes, Handrean Soran, Colin Johnson, Philippe Moulin, Giorgio Iotti, Marco Zibellini, Bas Ossenkoppele, Michaela Dippel, Maurizio R Averna
A good understanding of the natural history of rare genetic lipid disorders is a pre-requisite for successful patient management. Disease registries have been helpful in this regard. Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency (LPLD) is a rare, autosomal-recessive lipid disorder characterized by severe hypertriglyceridemia and a very high risk for recurrent acute pancreatitis, however, only limited data are available on its natural course. Alipogene tiparvovec (Glybera(®)) is the first gene therapy to receive Marketing Authorization in the European Union; GENIALL (GENetherapy In the MAnagement of Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency), a 15-year registry focusing on LPLD was launched in 2014 as part of its Risk Management Plan...
August 21, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284583/assessing-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis-asap-in-switzerland-a-nationwide-survey-on-severity-assessment-in-daily-clinical-practice
#16
Sebastian Manuel Staubli, Daniel Oertli, Christian Andreas Nebiker
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aim to assess which tools for severity stratification in acute pancreatitis are used in today's daily clinical practice and to what extent the new Atlanta classification is being implemented by the medical community in Switzerland. METHODS: The heads of surgical, medical and emergency departments of Swiss hospitals (n = 83) that directly treat patients with acute pancreatitis were given access to an online survey and asked to forward the questionnaire to their team...
February 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283565/assessment-of-pancreas-safety-in-the-development-program-of-once-weekly-glp-1-receptor-agonist-dulaglutide
#17
Michael A Nauck, Jean-Louis Frossard, Jamie S Barkin, Greg Anglin, Ingrid E Hensley, Kristine D Harper, Zvonko Milicevic
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of acute pancreatitis during treatment with glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist dulaglutide, placebo, and active comparators across phase 2/3 dulaglutide trials. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 6,005 patients with type 2 diabetes participated (dulaglutide group N = 4,006 [dose range 0.1-3.0 mg]; active comparator group [metformin, sitagliptin, exenatide twice daily, insulin glargine] N = 1,541; placebo group N = 703; 245 placebo-treated patients subsequently received dulaglutide or sitagliptin and were also included in these groups) for up to 104 weeks...
March 10, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279688/role-of-human-lipocalin-proteins-in-abdominal-obesity-after-acute-pancreatitis
#18
Ruma G Singh, Sayali A Pendharkar, Lindsay D Plank, Maxim S Petrov
Lipocalin proteins are small regulatory peptides implicated in metabolism, inflammation, and immunity. Although lipocalin proteins have been linked to various clinical conditions, their role in the acute inflammatory setting, such as acute pancreatitis (AP), has only been sparsely investigated. Two members of the lipocalin family, lipocalin-2 (LCN-2) and retinol binding protein -4 (RBP-4), play an important role in obesity and insulin resistance. In this study, we analysed circulating levels of LCN-2 and RBP-4 in 92 individuals after AP, of whom 41 individuals had abdominal obesity and 51 did not...
March 7, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270103/angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers-and-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-sweden
#19
Tomas S Bexelius, Rickard Ljung, Fredrik Mattsson, Yunxia Lu, Mats Lindblad
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a potentially lethal disease, with a rising incidence in the Western world. Yet, no pharmacological prevention or specific treatment for acute pancreatitis exists. Also, the connection with severity of acute pancreatitis is unknown. Experimental and epidemiological research suggests a protective effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers. METHODS: During 2006 to 2008, we performed a nationwide case-control study on Swedish residents aged 40-84 years...
March 7, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266603/a-reduced-lymphocyte-ratio-as-an-early-marker-for-predicting-acute-pancreatitis
#20
Xiuzhong Qi, Fangyong Yang, Haitao Huang, Yiqi Du, Yan Chen, Meitang Wang, Dezeng Zhu, Xiaoqiang Yue, Lina Wang
The early diagnosis and severity grading for acute pancreatitis (AP) are difficult to determine because of the complexity and differences in disease process. To date, few studies have investigated the role of lymphocyte ratio (LR) in AP. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of LR as an indicator in AP, as well as determine an optimal cut-off value for the severity prediction. There were two hundred four patients involved in this study, ninety-two of whom had severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
8432
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"