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International medical graduate

Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Marc A Auerbach, Marjorie Lee White, Sweta Bhargava, Pavan Zaveri, Elizabeth B Seelbach, Rebekah A Burns, Renuka Mehta, Brett McAninch, Daniel Fein, Todd P Chang, David O Kessler
OBJECTIVES: Few published studies describe graduating pediatric residents' procedural skills or success rates. This information would help guide supervisors' decisions about graduating residents' preparedness, training, and supervision needs. This study aimed to measure success rates for graduating pediatric residents performing infant lumbar puncture (LP) during the final months of their training and to describe their experiences performing and supervising infant LPs during the course of their training...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Heng-Hui Lien, Sang-Feng Hsu, Shu-Chen Chen, Jiann-Horng Yeh
BACKGROUND: We report on interns' clinical competence and experiences of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) training program over 3 years. We aimed to determine whether repeated formative OSCEs allow teaching hospitals to improve the effectiveness of clinical training and help interns to achieve high scores in the national summative OSCE. METHODS: This study included 207 participants, among whom 82 were interns who had completed four mock OSCEs and a national OSCE at the clinical center of Cathay General Hospital (CGH)...
October 14, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Elina Tor, Carole Steketee, Donna Mak
Objectives: To evaluate the merit of the Clinical Audit Project (CAP) in an assessment program for undergraduate medical education using a systematic assessment validation framework. Methods: A cross-sectional assessment validation study at one medical school in Western Australia, with retrospective qualitative analysis of the design, development, implementation and outcomes of the CAP, and quantitative analysis of assessment data from four cohorts of medical students (2011- 2014)...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
David A Fessler, Grace C Huang, Jennifer Potter, Joseph J Baker, Howard Libman
BACKGROUND: Declining mortality has led to a rising number of persons living with HIV (PLWH) and concerns about a future shortage of HIV practitioners. AIM: To develop an HIV Primary Care Track for internal medicine residents. SETTING: Academic hospital and community health center with a history of caring for PLWH and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We enrolled four residents annually in a 3-year track with the goal of having each provide continuity care to at least 20 PLWH...
October 4, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Shmuel Reis, Jacob Urkin, Rachel Nave, Rosalie Ber, Amitai Ziv, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Dafna Meitar, Peter Gilbey, Dror Mevorach
ABSTRACT: We reviewed the existing programs for basic medical education (BME) in Israel as well as their output, since they are in a phase of reassessment and transition. The transition has been informed, in part, by evaluation in 2014 by an International Review Committee (IRC). The review is followed by an analysis of its implications as well as the emergent roadmap for the future. The review documents a trend of modernizing, humanizing, and professionalizing Israeli medical education in general, and BME in particular, independently in each of the medical schools...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
P Gouda, K Kitt, D S Evans, D Goggin, D McGrath, J Last, M Hennessy, R Arnett, S O'Flynn, F Dunne, D O'Donovan
Upon completion of medical school in Ireland, graduates must make the transition to becoming interns. The transition into the intern year may be described as challenging as graduates assume clinical responsibilities. Historically, a survey of interns in 1996 found that 91% felt unprepared for their role. However, recent surveys in 2012 have demonstrated that this is changing with preparedness rates reaching 52%. This can be partially explained by multiple initiatives at the local and national level. Our study aimed evaluate medical student understanding of the intern year and associated factors...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
Sara L Bonnes, John T Ratelle, Andrew J Halvorsen, Kimberly J Carter, Luke T Hafdahl, Amy T Wang, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Amy S Oxentenko, Thomas J Beckman, Christopher M Wittich
PURPOSE: The flipped classroom (FC), in which instructional content is delivered before class with class time devoted to knowledge application, has the potential to engage residents. A Mayo Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Program study was conducted to validate an FC perception instrument (FCPI); determine whether participation improved FC perceptions; and determine associations between resident characteristics, change in quality improvement (QI) knowledge, and FC perception scores...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Trusha C Dhanani, Emily H Mantovani, J Rick Turner
All biologically active agents carry the potential to lead to adverse reactions in certain individuals, including serious cardiac adverse reactions. Since 2005, there has been an international regulatory landscape governing the investigation of a new drug's propensity to lead to the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia Torsades de Pointes (Torsades), a rare but potentially fatal occurrence. When a regulatory agency considers it appropriate, warning information is placed in a medicine's patient information leaflet (label) concerning drug-induced QT interval prolongation, a phenomenon associated with Torsades...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jean-Pascal Devailly, Laurence Josse
OBJECTIVE: In all countries, the boundaries are ambiguous between acute and post-acute as well as defining the dimensions of care. The aim of this study is to analyze relations between segmentation of care and payment systems. In the new prospective payment system implemented in French SSR, the grouping unit is inpatient stay and the week for day hospitalization. In 1991, the field of SSR mixed structures as diverse in their purposes as public or private hospital units of rehabilitation and "nursing homes"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nicole Shilkofski, Ryan Y Shields
CONTEXT: Minimal research has examined the recent exportation of medical curricula to international settings. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA partnered with Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and implemented the same curriculum currently used at Johns Hopkins University to teach medical students at Perdana University. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of first-year medical students at Perdana University, focusing on issues of cultural dissonance during adaptation to a US curriculum...
2016: Curēus
Jennifer M Oshimura, Benjamin D Bauer, Neha Shah, Eugene Nguyen, Jennifer Maniscalco
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists report the need for additional training in clinical and nonclinical domains. Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) fellowships seek to provide this training and produce leaders in the field. Our objective is to describe current roles and perceived training needs of PHM fellowship graduates. METHODS: In 2014, all PHM fellowship graduates were asked to complete a Web-based survey. Survey questions addressed demographics, past training, current roles, and training needs in clinical care, research, education, and administration...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Vivek Verma, Lindsay Burt, Phyllis A Gimotty, Eric Ojerholm
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that recent resident research productivity might be different than a decade ago, and to provide contemporary information about resident scholarly activity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We compiled a list of radiation oncology residents from the 2 most recent graduating classes (June 2014 and 2015) using the Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology annual directories. We queried the PubMed database for each resident's first-authored publications from postgraduate years (PGY) 2 through 5, plus a 3-month period after residency completion...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
D J Brinkman, J Tichelaar, T Schutte, S Benemei, Y Böttiger, B Chamontin, T Christiaens, R Likic, R Mačiulaitis, T Marandi, E C Monteiro, P Papaioannidou, Y M Pers, C Pontes, A Raskovic, R Regenthal, E J Sanz, B I Tamba, K Wilson, T P de Vries, M C Richir, M A van Agtmael
European medical students should have acquired adequate prescribing competencies before graduation, but it is not known whether this is the case. In this international multicenter study, we evaluated the essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CPT) of final-year medical students across Europe. In a cross-sectional design, 26 medical schools from 17 European countries were asked to administer a standardized assessment and questionnaire to 50 final-year students. Although there were differences between schools, our results show an overall lack of essential prescribing competencies among final-year students in Europe...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Muhammad Naeem, Mariyah Anwer, Muhammad Shamim Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To find out the short term outcomes of effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse. METHODS: It was a descriptive case series study of 31 consecutive patients of rectal prolapse in Colorectal division of Ward 2, Department of General surgery, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center, Karachi, from November 2009 to November 2015. These patients were admitted through outpatient department with complains of something coming out of anus, constipation and per rectal bleeding...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Amal Samir Sedrak, Yasmine Samir Galal, Tarek Tawfik Amin
BACKGROUND: Increasing knowledge and awareness of cancer screening significantly influence health promotion behavior which could markedly reduce incidence rates. In many countries, health care providers are the principal source of information concerning cancer screening. This study was carried out to assess the level of knowledge concerning cancer screening among medical students, house officers and residents and to explore their attitude towards cancer screening practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kasr Al Ainy Medical School at Cairo University in Egypt, with 300 undergraduate medical students and 150 postgraduates (interns and residents) enrolled...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Santiago de la Garza, Vania Phuoc, Steven Throneberry, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Laurence McCullough, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: One objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to psychiatry residents. In order to gain insights from other disciplines that have published research in this area, a second objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to residents across all other specialties of training and on teaching medical students. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for controlled trials on teaching medical ethics with quantitative outcomes...
September 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini
Professor Giustino Varrassi and Antonella Paladini speak to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Professor Giustino Varrassi is Full Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine in the LUdeS University, Valletta, Malta. He graduated at the Medical School of the University 'La Sapienza' (Rome, Italy) in 1973, and became board certified in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care in 1976 and in Pneumology in 1978, both in the same Medical School. He is currently President of the European League Against Pain and of the Paolo Procacci Foundation, and is a founding member of both of these...
September 19, 2016: Pain Management
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