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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242045/defining-the-applicant-pool-for-postgraduate-year-2-categorical-general-surgery-positions
#1
Weston Stover, Sujata Gill, Kim Schenarts, A Alfred Chahine
OBJECTIVE: In the spring of 2010, a categorical general surgery postgraduate year (PGY)-2 position became available at our academic medical center secondary to attrition of a PGY-1 resident. We sought to study the unique characteristics of applicants to that position and to describe the selection process with hopes to stimulate additional studies about the unique challenges of recruiting applicants into advanced standing positions. DESIGN: Applications were received via e-mail and reviewed to characterize the applicant pool...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239885/the-present-state-of-neurointensivist-training-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-to-other-critical-care-training-programs
#2
Evie G Marcolini, David B Seder, Jordan B Bonomo, Thomas P Bleck, J Claude Hemphill, Lori Shutter, Fred Rincon, Shelly D Timmons, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript describes the state of neurocritical care fellowship training, compares its written standards to those of other critical care fellowship programs, and discusses how programmatic oversight by the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties should evolve to meet American College of Graduate Medical Education standards. This review is a work product of the Society of Critical Care Medicine Neuroscience section and was reviewed and approved by the Council of the Society of Critical Care Medicine...
December 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239799/occupational-determinants-of-successful-aging-in-older-physicians
#3
Chanaka Wijeratne, Carmelle Peisah, Joanne Earl, Georgina Luscombe
OBJECTIVES: Demographic, physical and psychological associations of successful aging (SA) have been evaluated, but occupational factors have not. Nor has SA been evaluated in a specific occupational group. The aims of this study were to examine the occupational associations of SA in older physicians, and to explore the concept of occupational SA. METHODS: Physicians aged 55+ years completed self-ratings of occupational and personal SA on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS; 1 being "least successful" and 10 "most successful")...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238687/status-of-otorhinolaryngology-as-specialty-of-choice-among-female-medical-graduates
#4
Sunil Garg, Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh
Specialty choices among medical graduates have undergone changes over time. We aimed to analyze status of otorhinolaryngology as specialty of choice among female medical graduates and factors affecting it. A total of 123 female medical graduates were surveyed during their internship over a period of 1 year in a tertiary-care hospital. Each intern was assessed using a questionnaire at the end of otorhinolaryngology rotation. The survey included nine questions about future career choices with special focus on ENT as a choice for specialization...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228989/physicians-lack-of-knowledge-a-possible-reason-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-overuse
#5
Roni Rahav Koren, Celia Suriu, Orly Yakir, Luiza Akria, Masad Barhoum, Andrei Braester
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of red blood cell transfusions are inappropriately overused. This study investigated physicians from the western Galilee in terms of their knowledge of transfusion medicine as a potential reason for red blood cell overuse, and assessed the influence of personal background characteristics on their knowledge. METHODS: Data were collected via anonymous questionnaires. The questionnaires included a personal background section and a professional section...
December 12, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226222/learning-processes-and-learning-problems-in-german-postgraduate-medical-education
#6
Hendrik van den Bussche, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Stine Ziegler
Objective: In order to evaluate the quality of postgraduate medical education in Germany, we examined how the learning of theoretical and practical competencies is conceptualized and how the learning process takes place in real terms. The training conditions, as perceived by medical residents, are compared with the learning objectives, as stated by the Federal Chamber of Physicians in its regulation on postgraduate education. The analysis is based on the data of the "KarMed" study (abbreviation of "career progression and career breaks among physicians during postgraduate education"), a multicentre cohort study of medical school graduates from seven universities who arre followed until they receive their licenses as specialist physicians...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221624/international-medical-graduates-in-nephrology-roles-rules-and-future-risks
#7
Jeffrey S Berns, Muriel Ghosn, Rodolfo R Altamirano
International medical graduates (IMGs) have become an increasingly essential part of many residency and fellowship programs in the United States. IMGs, who may be of either US or non-US citizenship, contribute significantly to the physician workforce across this country, particularly in underserved areas, as well as in their home countries on their return after training. Approximately 65% of nephrology fellows are IMGs, with most of these being non-US citizens. Non-US IMG applications for nephrology fellowship have been declining, exacerbating an ongoing shortage of nephrology trainees...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212340/encouragers-and-discouragers-affecting-medical-graduates-choice-of-regional-and-rural-practice-locations
#8
Ann McKillop, Craig Webster, Win Bennett, Barbara O'Connor, Warwick Bagg
INTRODUCTION: Access to health care as near to where people live as possible is desirable. However, not enough medical graduates choose to work in rural and regional areas, especially in general practice. The career decisions of recent medical graduates are known to be affected by a variety of professional, societal and personal factors. Internationally, medical programmes have exposed students to regional and rural experiences partly to encourage them to seek employment in these areas after graduation...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210943/survey-of-the-american-neurotology-society-on-cochlear-implantation-part-2-surgical-and-device-related-practice-patterns
#9
Matthew L Carlson, Brendan P O'Connell, Christine M Lohse, Colin L Driscoll, Alex D Sweeney
OBJECTIVE: To examine surgical and device-related cochlear implant practice patterns across centers in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of the American Neurotology Society (ANS). RESULTS: A total of 81 surveys were returned from ANS members who report regular involvement in cochlear implant care. Overall there was a broad distribution in age and clinical experience, with most respondents reporting Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation in neurotology and employment at an academic center...
November 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210734/international-medical-graduates-who-have-been-disciplined-further-causes-and-methods-to-improve-quality-of-care
#10
Sadia Hyder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#11
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209604/development-of-all-india-institute-of-medical-sciences-modified-international-clinical-epidemiology-network-diagnostic-instrument-for-neuromotor-impairments-in-children-aged-1%C3%A2-month-to-18%C3%A2-years
#12
Sheffali Gulati, Harsh Patel, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Rachana Dubey, N K Arora, R M Pandey, Vinod K Paul, Konanki Ramesh, Vyshakh Anand, Ankit Meena
Introduction: There is shortage of specialists for the diagnosis of children with neuromotor impairments (NMIs), especially in resource limited settings. Existing International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) instrument for diagnosing NMI have been validated for children aged 2-9 years. The current study modified the same including wider symptomatology and age group (1 month to 18 years). Methods: The Modified INCLEN diagnostic tool (INDT) was developed by a team of experts by modifying the existing tool to widen the age range (1 month to 18 years) and include broader symptomatology (inclusion of milestones from the first 2 years of life and better elucidation of cerebellar and extrapyramidal features) in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North India between January and April 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197310/defining-medical-student-patient-care-responsibilities-before-intern-year-results-of-a-national-survey
#13
Christopher J King, Andrew Bolton, Jeannette Guerrasio, Adam Trosterman
OBJECTIVES: Program directors have noted that first-year residents struggle with many of the patient care responsibilities they assume as they enter the US graduate medical education system. A national description of medical students' patient care experience in advance of graduation has not been published. We sought to describe the experience of US medical students during their clinical training by surveying the student representatives of each school. METHODS: We developed a mixed-methods survey that was delivered to representatives of 82 schools via an e-mail link to an online survey...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197309/objective-structured-clinical-examination-based-teaching-of-the-musculoskeletal-examination
#14
Trishul Siddharthan, Sarita Soares, Hilary H Wang, Stephen R Holt
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal complaints are the most common presenting illnesses in primary care settings, yet physicians often are underprepared to manage such complaints. We sought to create and evaluate an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)-based musculoskeletal workshop designed to simultaneously educate medical students and internal medicine residents, enlisting volunteer medical students as standardized patients (SPs). METHODS: The setting for the study was the Yale Primary Care Residency Program...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195637/professional-confidence-among-swedish-final-year-midwifery-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lena Bäck, Bharati Sharma, Annika Karlström, Katarina Tunon, Ingegerd Hildingsson
OBJECTIVE: Previous international studies have shown that midwifery students do not feel confident in many areas where they are supposed to practice independently. The knowledge about Swedish midwifery students' confidence is fairly under investigated. The purpose of the present study was to explore final years' midwifery students' professional confidence in basic midwifery skills according to ICM competencies and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey where all midwifery programs in Sweden were invited to participate...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191365/trainee-knowledge-of-imaging-appropriateness-and-safety-results-of-a-series-of-surveys-from-a-large-academic-medical-center
#16
Thaddeus D Hollingsworth, Richard Duszak, Arvind Vijayasarathi, Rondi B Gelbard, Mark E Mullins
OBJECTIVE: In order to provide high quality care to their patients and utilize imaging most judiciously, physician trainees should possess a working knowledge of appropriate use, radiation dose, and safety. Prior work has suggested knowledge gaps in similar areas. We aimed to evaluate the knowledge of imaging appropriateness, radiation dose, and MRI and contrast safety of physician trainees across a variety of specialties. METHODS: Between May 2016 and January 2017, three online surveys were distributed to all interns, residents, and fellows in ACGME accredited training programs at a large academic institution over two academic years...
October 31, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190402/resident-and-residency-characteristics-associated-with-self-reported-preparedness-for-population-health-management
#17
Erica K Schuster, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Population health management (PHM) is an important function of primary care with potential to improve outcomes and decrease costs, but is also among the most difficult strategies to implement in both practices and residency training. Our objective was to determine resident and residency program characteristics associated with graduates' reported preparation to perform PHM. METHODS: We used data from the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Certification Examination registration questionnaire in 2014 and 2015 and ABFM administrative data...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#18
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187193/paediatric-case-mix-in-a-rural-clinical-school-is-relevant-to-future-practice
#19
Helen M Wright, Moira A L Maley, Denese E Playford, Pam Nicol, Sharon F Evans
BACKGROUND: Exposure to a representative case mix is essential for clinical learning, with logbooks established as a way of demonstrating patient contacts. Few studies have reported the paediatric case mix available to geographically distributed students within the same medical school. Given international interest in expanding medical teaching locations to rural contexts, equitable case exposure in rural relative to urban settings is topical. The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia locates students up to 3500 km from the urban university for an academic year...
November 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187179/the-learning-environment-of-paediatric-interns-in-south-africa
#20
Kimesh L Naidoo, Jacqueline M Van Wyk, Miriam Adhikari
BACKGROUND: South African (SA) paediatric interns (recently qualified medical graduates) work in a high disease burdened and resource deficient environment for two years, prior to independent practice. Perceptions of this learning environment (LE) influences their approaches to training as well as the outcomes of this period of development. Obstacles to creating a supportive LE and supervisor interaction affects the quality of this training. Measuring perceptions of the LE with validated instruments can help inform improvements in learning during this crucial period of medical education...
November 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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