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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822210/evaluation-of-the-association-between-disaster-training-and-confidence-in-disaster-response-among-graduate-medical-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818016/association-between-proportion-of-us-medical-graduates-and-program-characteristics-in-gastroenterology-fellowships
#2
Amporn Atsawarungruangkit
BACKGROUND: Gastroenterology is one of the most competitive internal medicine fellowship. However, factors that associated with program competitiveness have not been documented. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between characteristics of gastroenterology fellowship programs and their competitiveness through the proportion of US medical graduates for the academic year 2016/17. DESIGN: This study used a retrospective, cross-sectional design with data obtained from the American Medical Association...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#3
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813762/the-impact-of-a-rural-training-track-on-medical-students-specialty-choice
#4
Brooke Jensen, Susan M Anderson, Edward Simanton
BACKGROUND: Compare the expectations and outcomes of students involved in rural medical training versus those of urban trainees. METHODS: Survey items relating to primary care interest were added to program evaluation surveys already being sent at the beginning and end of the primary clinical year. Students from the graduating class of 2016 and the class of 2017 responded to the surveys (N=115). Responses from students trained in rural sites were compared with students trained in medium or large communities...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#5
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) is a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the 2-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders, and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793952/maintaining-capacity-for-in-practice-teaching-and-supervision-of-students-and-general-practice-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study-of-early-career-general-practitioners
#6
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Neil Spike, Cathy Regan, Parker Magin
Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#7
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761637/evaluating-validity-of-current-criteria-for-judgment-passing-er-rotation-among-internee-medical-students
#8
Hooman Hoseinnejad, Noushin Kohan, Akram Mirzaee
BACKGROUND: Passing the emergency medicine internship is an essential process for all graduates of medical schools. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate validity of current criteria for judgment passing ER rotation among internee medical students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 200 students in the emergency departments (ED) of the teaching hospitals at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) were included. The data were gathered using by a valid self-assessment questionnaire including demographic information and 12-items about the students' level of confidence with the skills and procedures under study...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759606/spaced-education-in-medical-residents-an-electronic-intervention-to-improve-competency-and-retention-of-medical-knowledge
#9
Jason Matos, Camille R Petri, Kenneth J Mukamal, Anita Vanka
BACKGROUND: Spaced education is a novel method that improves medical education through online repetition of core principles often paired with multiple-choice questions. This model is a proven teaching tool for medical students, but its effect on resident learning is less established. We hypothesized that repetition of key clinical concepts in a "Clinical Pearls" format would improve knowledge retention in medical residents. METHODS: This study investigated spaced education with particular emphasis on using a novel, email-based reinforcement program, and a randomized, self-matched design, in which residents were quizzed on medical knowledge that was either reinforced or not with electronically-administered spaced education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758564/do-medical-residents-perform-patient-centered-medical-home-tasks-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Lauren Block, Nancy LaVine, Jennifer Verbsky, Ankita Sagar, Miriam A Smith, Susan Lane, Joseph Conigliaro, Saima A Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, residents are being trained in Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH) settings. A set of PCMH entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for residents has been defined but not evaluated in practice. OBJECTIVE: To understand whether residents trained at PCMH sites reported higher likelihood of engaging in PCMH tasks than those training in non-PCMH sites. DESIGN: Survey and nominal group data from post-graduate trainees at three residency programs...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753038/physician-experiences-with-high-value-care-in-internal-medicine-residency-mixed-methods-study-of-2003-2013-residency-graduates
#11
Kira L Ryskina, Eric S Holmboe, Judy A Shea, Esther Kim, Judith A Long
Phenomenon: High healthcare costs and relatively poor health outcomes in the United States have led to calls to improve the teaching of high value care (defined as care that balances potential benefits of interventions with their harms including costs) to physicians-in-training. Numerous interventions to increase high value care in graduate medical education were implemented at the national and local levels over the past decade. However, there has been little evaluation of their impact on physician experiences during training and perceived preparedness for practice...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738746/how-do-clinical-competency-committees-use-different-sources-of-data-to-assess-residents-performance-on-the-internal-medicine-milestones-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#12
Andem Ekpenyong, Elizabeth Baker, Ilene Harris, Ara Tekian, Richard Abrams, Shalini Reddy, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: This study examines how Clinical Competency Committees (CCCs) synthesize assessment data to make judgments about residents' clinical performances. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015, after four six-month reporting periods to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), 7 of 16 CCC faculty at Rush University Medical Center completed questionnaires focused on their perspectives about rating residents on their achievement of the milestones and participated in a focus group...
July 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728430/patient-handoff-education-are-medical-schools-catching-up
#13
Robyn Davis, Joshua Davis, Katherine Berg, Dale Berg, Charity J Morgan, Stefani Russo, Lee Ann Riesenberg
Communication errors during shift-to-shift handoffs are a leading cause of preventable adverse events. Nevertheless, handoff skills are variably taught at medical schools. The authors administered questionnaires on handoffs to interns during orientation. Questions focused on medical school handoff education, experiences, and perceptions. The majority (546/718) reported having some form of education on handoffs during medical school, with 48% indicating this was 1 hour or less. Most respondents (98%) reported that they believe patients experience adverse events because of inadequate handoffs, and more than one third had witnessed a patient safety issue...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721119/educational-challenges-faced-by-international-medical-graduates-in-the-uk
#14
Ahmed Hashim
INTRODUCTION: International medical graduates (IMGs) in the UK constitute approximately one-quarter of the total number of doctors registered in the General Medical Council (GMC). The transition of IMGs into the health care system in the UK is accompanied by significant sociocultural and educational challenges. This study aims to explore the views of IMGs in medical training on the educational challenges they face. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Kent, Surrey and Sussex region in 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720635/increased-public-accountability-for-hospital-nonprofit-status-potential-impacts-on-residency-positions
#15
Melanie C Raffoul, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recently called for greater graduate medical education (GME) accountability for meeting the workforce needs of the nation. The Affordable Care Act expanded community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for nonprofit and tax-exempt hospitals to include community assessment, intervention, and evaluation every 3 years but did not specify details about workforce. Texas receives relatively little federal GME funding but has used Medicaid waivers to support GME expansion...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719284/nonacademic-attributes-predict-medical-and-nursing-student-intentions-to-emigrate-or-to-work-rurally-an-eight-country-survey-in-asia-and-africa
#16
David M Silvestri, Meridith Blevins, Kenneth A Wallston, Arfan R Afzal, Nazmul Alam, Ben Andrews, Miliard Derbew, Simran Kaur, Mwapatsa Mipando, Charles A Mkony, Philip M Mwachaka, Nirju Ranjit, Sten H Vermund
AbstractWe sought to identify independent, nonacademic predictors of medical and nursing student intent to migrate abroad or from rural to urban areas after graduation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This was a cross-sectional survey of 3,199 first- and final-year medical and nursing students at 16 training institutions in eight LMIC. Questionnaires assessed demographics, career intentions, and preferences regarding selected career, location, and work-related attributes. Using principal component analysis, student preferences were reduced into four discrete categories of priorities: 1) work environment resources, 2) location livability, 3) altruistic job values, and 4) individualistic job values...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#17
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#18
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712410/achieving-self-sufficiency-training-australia-s-future-medical-workforce
#19
Brian Fernandes, Edward R Scheffer Cliff, Amelia Chowdhury
There is an oversupply of Australian junior doctors, but significant training bottlenecks are developing, and geographical maldistribution in rural and remote areas remains. Last year, the Federal Minister for Immigration rejected a Department of Health recommendation for the removal of 41 health roles from the Skilled Occupation List after concerns that rural and regional communities would be left without access to medical services in areas currently serviced by international medical graduates. In an effort to achieve workforce self-sufficiency, Australia must ensure access to high-quality vocational training places in rural and regional settings while managing immigration of overseas-trained health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707232/international-medical-graduates-and-american-psychiatry-the-past-present-and-future
#20
Muhammad Hassan Majeed, Ali Ahsan Ali, Donna M Sudak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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