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Danielle Hagstrom, Changle Ma, Soumi Guha-Polley, Suresh Subramani
Peroxisomal matrix protein import uses two peroxisomal targeting signals (PTSs). Most matrix proteins use the PTS1 pathway and its cargo receptor, Pex5. The PTS2 pathway is dependent on another receptor, Pex7, and its coreceptor, Pex20. We found that during the matrix protein import cycle, the stability and dynamics of Pex7 differ from those of Pex5 and Pex20. In Pichia pastoris, unlike Pex5 and Pex20, Pex7 is constitutively degraded in wild-type cells but is stabilized in pex mutants affecting matrix protein import...
September 1, 2014: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Xueqian Liu, Suresh Subramani
In Pichia pastoris, the peroxisomal targeting signal 2 (PTS2)-dependent peroxisomal matrix protein import pathway requires the receptor, Pex7, and its co-receptor Pex20. A conserved lysine (Lys(19)) near the N terminus of Pex20 is required for its polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, whereas a conserved cysteine (Cys(8)) is essential for its recycling. In this study, we found that Cys(8) is required for the DTT-sensitive mono- and diubiquitination of Pex20. We also show that the PTS2 cargo receptor, Pex7, is required for Pex20 polyubiquitination...
March 8, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Leonardo Peraza-Reyes, Sylvie Arnaise, Denise Zickler, Evelyne Coppin, Robert Debuchy, VĂ©ronique Berteaux-Lecellier
Peroxisome biogenesis relies on two known peroxisome matrix protein import pathways that are mediated by the receptors PEX5 and PEX7. These pathways converge at the importomer, a peroxisome-membrane complex that is required for protein translocation into peroxisomes and consists of docking and RING-finger subcomplexes. In the fungus Podospora anserina, the RING-finger peroxins are crucial for meiocyte formation, while PEX5, PEX7 or the docking peroxin PEX14 are not. Here we show that PEX14 and the PEX14-related protein PEX14/17 are differentially involved in peroxisome import during development...
October 2011: Molecular Microbiology
Eda Bener Aksam, Bart de Vries, Ida J van der Klei, Jan A K W Kiel
Cellular proteins and organelles such as peroxisomes are under continuous quality control. Upon synthesis in the cytosol, peroxisomal proteins are kept in an import-competent state by chaperones or specific proteins with an analogous function to prevent degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. During protein translocation into the organelle, the peroxisomal targeting signal receptors (Pex5, Pex20) are also continuously undergoing quality control to enable efficient functioning of the translocon (RADAR pathway)...
September 2009: FEMS Yeast Research
Anne Koek, Masayuki Komori, Marten Veenhuis, Ida J van der Klei
In a recent study, we performed a systematic genome analysis for the conservation of genes involved in peroxisome biogenesis (PEX genes) in various fungi. We have now performed a systematic study of the morphology of peroxisome remnants ('ghosts') in Hansenula polymorpha pex mutants (pex1-pex20) and the level of peroxins and matrix proteins in these strains. To this end, all available H. polymorpha pex strains were grown under identical cultivation conditions in glucose-limited chemostat cultures and analyzed in detail...
October 2007: FEMS Yeast Research
F Thevenieau, M-T Le Dall, B Nthangeni, S Mauersberger, R Marchal, J-M Nicaud
In order to get deeper insights into oxidative degradation of the hydrophobic substrates (HS) triglycerides and alkanes by yeasts, tagged mutants affected in these pathways were generated by random insertion of a mutagenesis cassette MTC into the genome of Yarrowia lipolytica. About 9.600 Ura+ transformants were screened in plate tests for utilization of alkanes (C10, C16), oleic acid and tributyrin. HS degradation mutants were recovered as unable to grow on alkane or on intermediates of the pathway (AlkA-AlkE phenotype classes)...
June 2007: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Marleen Otzen, Dongyuan Wang, Marcel G J Lunenborg, Ida J van der Klei
We have cloned and characterized the Hansenula polymorpha PEX20 gene. The HpPEX20 gene encodes a protein of 309 amino acids (HpPex20p) with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 35 kDa. In cells of an HpPEX20 disruption strain, PTS2 proteins were mislocalized to the cytosol, whereas PTS1 matrix protein import proceeded normally. Also, the PTS2 proteins amine oxidase and thiolase were normally assembled and active in these cells, suggesting HpPex20p is not involved in oligomerization/activation of these proteins...
August 1, 2005: Journal of Cell Science
J J Smith, R A Rachubinski
Peroxins are proteins required for peroxisome assembly. The cytosolic peroxin Pex20p binds directly to the beta-oxidation enzyme thiolase and is necessary for its dimerization and peroxisomal targeting. The intraperoxisomal peroxin Pex8p has a role in the import of peroxisomal matrix proteins, including thiolase. We report the results of yeast two-hybrid analyses with various peroxins of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica and characterize more fully the interaction between Pex8p and Pex20p. Coimmunoprecipitation showed that Pex8p and Pex20p form a complex, while in vitro binding studies demonstrated that the interaction between Pex8p and Pex20p is specific, direct, and autonomous...
January 12, 2001: Journal of Biological Chemistry
V I Titorenko, J J Smith, R K Szilard, R A Rachubinski
Pex mutants are defective in peroxisome assembly. In the pex20-1 mutant strain of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, the peroxisomal matrix protein thiolase is mislocalized exclusively to the cytosol, whereas the import of other peroxisomal proteins is unaffected. The PEX20 gene was isolated by functional complementation of the pex20-1 strain and encodes a protein, Pex20p, of 424 amino acids (47,274 D). Despite its role in the peroxisomal import of thiolase, which is targeted by an amino-terminal peroxisomal targeting signal-2 (PTS2), Pex20p does not exhibit homology to Pex7p, which acts as the PTS2 receptor...
July 27, 1998: Journal of Cell Biology
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