keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

wheezing in infant and children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891060/human-metapneumovirus-in-the-preterm-neonate-current-perspectives
#1
Nathalie L Maitre, John V Williams
Premature birth (<37 weeks gestation) occurs in ~11% of all births in the US. These infants are at risk of chronic lung disease and respiratory conditions, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Respiratory viruses are important causes of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in preterm infants, leading to rehospitalization, increased health care burden, and long-term morbidity. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a paramyxovirus discovered in 2001 that is related to respiratory syncytial virus. Epidemiologic studies show that HMPV is a leading cause of ARI in children and adults worldwide...
2016: Research and Reports in Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865539/meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-wheezing-and-recurrent-wheezing-in-infants
#2
I Alvarez-Alvarez, H Niu, F Guillen-Grima, I Aguinaga-Ontoso
BACKGROUND: Wheezing affects children's quality of life, and is related with asthma in childhood. Although prevalence of wheezing has been previously studied in several countries, there is no reference of worldwide prevalence in infants. The aim of this meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence of wheezing and recurrent wheezing in infants aged up to two years, and compare the prevalence across world regions. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases, looking for observational studies published up to June 2016, including as keywords "prevalence" or "epidemiology" combined with "wheeze", "wheezing" or "asthma symptoms" and "infant" or "preschool"...
November 16, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863815/risk-factors-for-recurrent-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-in-the-city-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#3
A Teijeiro, H Badellino, M G Raiden, M N Cuello, G Kevorkof, C Gatti, V H Croce, D Solé
BACKGROUND: Wheezing is a very common respiratory symptom in infants. The prevalence of wheezing in infants, conducted in developed countries shows prevalence rates ranging between 20% and 30%. However, we do not know the risk factors in our population of wheezing infants. METHODS: A standardised written questionnaire (WQ-P1-EISL) in infants between 12 and 18 months of age residing in the city of Cordoba was used; population/sample included 1031 infants. Recurrent wheezing (RW) was defined as three or more episodes of wheezing reported by the parents during the first 12 months of life...
November 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859847/the-association-of-low-birth-weight-with-serum-c-reactive-protein-in-3-year-old-children-living-in-cuba-a-population-based-prospective-study
#4
Silvia Josefina Venero-Fernández, Hermes Fundora-Hernández, Lourdes Batista-Gutierrez, Ramón Suárez-Medina, Esperanza de la C Mora-Faife, Gladys García-García, Ileana Del Valle-Infante, Liem Gómez-Marrero, John Britton, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Low birthweight is associated with a decreased risk of childhood leukemia and an increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adult life. Possible biological mediators include systemic innate immunity and inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that birthweight was inversely associated with serum high sensitivity C reactive protein assay (hsCRP), a measure of both innate immunity and systemic inflammation. METHODS: Data on birthweight and current anthropometric measures along with a range of exposures were collected at 1 and 3 years of age in a population-based cohort study of young children living in Havana, Cuba...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836323/duration-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Elvira Verduci, Giuseppe Banderali, Diego Peroni, Carlotta Lassandro, Giovanni Radaelli
INTRODUCTION: Wheezing is the most common symptom associated with asthma in young children. There is a lack of well-designed prospective studies on the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with wheezing in infants. This prospective cohort study investigated whether a relationship exists of exclusive breastfeeding with wheezing at 12 months of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 1632 mother-infant pairs were sequentially recruited. Mothers were trained at hospital on breastfeeding practices and how to recognise wheezing...
November 8, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817771/-association-between-wheezing-and-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-infants-and-young-children
#6
Sheng-Hua Qian, Xiao-Hua Wang, Li Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between wheezing and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection in infants and young children. METHODS: A total of 228 hospitalized infants and young children who were diagnosed with lower respiratory tract infection were enrolled and classified into initial wheezing group (n=65), recurrent wheezing group (n=83), and non-wheezing group (n=80). Fasting serum was collected on the day or the second day of admission. ELISA was used to measure MP-IgM, chemiluminescence was used to measure serum total immunoglobulin E (TIgE), and EUROLine was used to measure the common serum allergen specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE)...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811530/clinical-examination-does-not-predict-response-to-albuterol-in-ventilated-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#7
Craig M Schramm, Kathleen A Sala, Christopher L Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory infection in infants that is sometimes treated with albuterol. Response to albuterol is determined by clinical assessment, but this subjective determination is potentially unreliable. In this study, we compared providers' clinical assessment of response to albuterol with the measurement of response by pulmonary mechanics in intubated, sedated, and ventilated infants. DESIGN: Before and 20 minutes following racemic albuterol therapy, a nurse, respiratory therapist, and physician performed simultaneous examinations and assessed response to albuterol in a population of intubated infants with bronchiolitis...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794128/association-of-acetaminophen-and-ibuprofen-use-with-wheezing-in-children-with-acute-febrile-illness
#8
Ilan Matok, Arnon Elizur, Amichai Perlman, Shani Ganor, Hagai Levine, Eran Kozer
BACKGROUND: Many infants and children receive acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen during febrile illness. Previously, some studies have linked acetaminophen and ibuprofen use to wheezing and exacerbation of asthma symptoms in infants and children. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether acetaminophen or ibuprofen use are associated with wheezing in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with febrile illness. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children who presented with fever to the pediatric ED between 2009 and 2013...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775602/age-related-effect-of-viral-induced-wheezing-in-severe-prematurity
#9
Geovanny F Perez, Amisha Jain, Bassem Kurdi, Rosemary Megalaa, Krishna Pancham, Shehlanoor Huseni, Natalia Isaza, Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Mary C Rose, Dinesh Pillai, Gustavo Nino
Premature children are prone to severe viral respiratory infections in early life, but the age at which susceptibility peaks and disappears for each pathogen is unclear. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of the age distribution and clinical features of acute viral respiratory infections in full-term and premature children, aged zero to seven years. Results: The study comprised of a total of 630 hospitalizations (n = 580 children). Sixty-seven percent of these hospitalizations occurred in children born full-term (>37 weeks), 12% in preterm (32-37 weeks) and 21% in severely premature children (<32 weeks)...
October 20, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756492/repercussions-of-preterm-birth-on-symptoms-of-asthma-allergic-diseases-and-pulmonary-function-6-14-years-later
#10
C Gonçalves, G Wandalsen, F Lanza, A L Goulart, D Solé, A Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of allergic diseases and impaired pulmonary function may be high in children born prematurely. This study aimed to assess pulmonary function and prevalence of asthma, atopic diseases and allergic sensitisation in these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 6-14 years who were born prematurely with birth weight <2000g from January 2008 to May 2011. Exclusion criteria were: major malformations, or acute respiratory disorders...
October 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751218/-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcome-of-asthma-predictive-index-positive-infants-and-young-children-with-wheezing
#11
Bo Chen, Shuai Feng, Xiao-Wen Yin
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of obesity on the treatment outcome of asthma predictive index (API)-positive infants and young children with wheezing. METHODS: A total of 208 API-positive infants and young children with wheezing were enrolled. According to the Kaup index, the patients were divided into an obese group (n=93) and a non-obese group (n=115). The patients were given multimodality therapy in an acute episode of wheezing and aerosol inhalation of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) budesonide suspension in the remission stage...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743968/-respiratory-viral-infections-in-a-cohort-of-children-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-their-role-in-the-development-of-wheezing
#12
Cristina Calvo, Isabel Aguado, María Luz García-García, Esther Ruiz-Chercoles, Eloisa Díaz-Martinez, Rosa María Albañil, Olga Campelo, Antonio Olivas, Luisa Muñóz-Gonzalez, Francisco Pozo, Rosa Fernandez-Arroyo, Adelaida Fernandez-Rincón, Ana Calderon, Inmaculada Casas
INTRODUCTION: It is known that infants with viral respiratory infections severe enough to require hospital admission have a high risk of developing recurrent wheezing. Few data have been published on unselected populations. The main aim of this study was to analyse symptomatic and asymptomatic respiratory viral infections during the first year of life in a cohort of infants, recruited at birth, and the development of recurrent wheezing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 302 newborns were recruited...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668919/the-utility-of-bedside-lung-ultrasound-findings-in-bronchiolitis
#13
Joanna S Cohen, Naomi Hughes, Sonny Tat, James M Chamberlain, Stephen J Teach, Keith Boniface
OBJECTIVES: Recent literature suggests that bedside lung ultrasound may have a role in the evaluation of infants with bronchiolitis. B lines, which are multiple and diffuse vertical artifacts spreading from the lung pleural interface to the edge of the ultrasound screen, have been associated with thickened interlobular septa, extravascular lung water, and diffuse parenchymal disease. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the prevalence of B lines in children younger than 24 months presenting to the emergency department with wheezing, (2) to determine the interrater reliability of lung ultrasound findings in this setting, and (3) to determine the association of B lines with atopy and other clinical findings...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665512/diabetes-in-pregnancy-and-lung-health-in-offspring-developmental-origins-of-respiratory-disease
#14
M B Azad, B L Moyce, L Guillemette, C D Pascoe, B Wicklow, J M McGavock, A J Halayko, V W Dolinsky
Diabetes is an increasingly common complication of pregnancy. In parallel with this trend, a rise in chronic lung disease in children has been observed in recent decades. While several adverse health outcomes associated with exposure to diabetes in utero have been documented in epidemiological and experimental studies, few have examined the impact of diabetes in pregnancy on offspring lung health and respiratory disease. We provide a comprehensive overview of current literature on this topic, finding suggestive evidence that exposure to diabetes in utero may have adverse effects on lung development...
August 19, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650524/bronchiolitis-in-young-infants-is-it-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-wheezing-in-childhood
#15
Firas Rinawi, Imad Kassis, Rina Tamir, Amir Kugelman, Isaac Srugo, Dan Miron
BACKGROUND: Acute bronchiolitis in infancy is considered a risk factor for recurrent wheezing episodes in childhood. The present study assessed prevalence, clinical manifestations and risk factors for recurrent wheezing events during the first 3 years of life and persistent wheezing events beyond this age in children hospitalized as young infants with acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: Two groups of children aged 6 years were included. The study group comprised 150 children with a history of hospitalization for bronchiolitis, with the first event at <6 months of age...
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634868/shifts-in%C3%A2-lachnospira-and-clostridium-sp-%C3%A2-in-the-3-month-stool%C3%A2-microbiome-are-associated%C3%A2-with-preschool-age-asthma
#16
Leah Stiemsma, Marie-Claire Arrieta, Pedro Dimitriu, Jasmine Cheng, Lisa Thorson, Diana Lefebvre, Meghan B Azad, Padmaja Subbarao, Piush Mandhane, Allan Becker, Malcolm Sears, Tobias Kollmann, William Mohn, Brett Finlay, Stuart Turvey
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways affecting one in ten children in Westernized countries. Recently, our group showed that specific bacterial genera in early life are associated with atopy and wheezing in one-year-old children. However, little is known about the link between the early life gut microbiome and the diagnosis of asthma in preschool age children. To determine the role of the gut microbiota in preschool age asthma, children up to 4 years of age enrolled in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study were classified as asthmatic (n = 39) or matched healthy controls (n = 37)...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629751/neuroendocrine-cell-hyperplasia-of-infancy-an-unusual-cause-of-hypoxemia-in-children
#17
Silvia Caimmi, Amelia Licari, Davide Caimmi, Anna Rispoli, Eugenio Baraldi, Fiorella Calabrese, Gian Luigi Marseglia
BACKGROUND: Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) is a heterogeneous group of rare disorders characterized by abnormal imaging findings, impaired gas exchange; and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (NEHI) is a unique sub-group, which is more prevalent in infants and children younger than 2 years of age, and typically manifests with chronic tachypnea, retractions, hypoxemia and failure to thrive. NEHI insidiously appears in the first year of life, subtly masquerading as one of the more common lung diseases of childhood...
September 15, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568177/refractory-wheezing-in-chinese-children-under-3%C3%A2-years-of-age-bronchial-inflammation-and-airway-malformation
#18
Wenjing Gu, Wujun Jiang, Xinxing Zhang, Zhengrong Chen, Yongdong Yan, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Xuejun Shao, Shuhui Wang, Wei Ji
BACKGROUND: Wheezing is a common symptom in early childhood. However, refractory wheezing is difficult to treat, and it may thus account for extensive use of medical resources. It is therefore important to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of refractory childhood wheezing. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we studied 156 children with refractory wheezing using fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and compared the results with a control group of 46 children with various pulmonary diseases but no wheezing...
August 27, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#19
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555618/rhinopharyngeal-retrograde-clearance-induces-less-respiratory-effort-and-fewer-adverse-effects-in-comparison-with-nasopharyngeal-aspiration-in-infants-with-acute-viral-bronchiolitis
#20
Gabriela R Gomes, Fernanda Pg Calvete, Gabriela F Rosito, Márcio Vf Donadio
BACKGROUND: Acute viral bronchiolitis is an inflammatory disease of the lower respiratory tract. This study aimed to compare the immediate effects of retrograde rhinopharyngeal clearance with nasopharyngeal aspiration in children admitted with acute viral bronchiolitis. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial with children admitted for acute viral bronchiolitis up to 12 months old. Subjects were divided into a nasopharyngeal aspiration group and a clearance group, submitted to retrograde rhinopharyngeal clearance with physiological solution (0...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
keyword
keyword
84311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"