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Quality of health in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527657/clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-treatment-of-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Cathy Creswell, Mara Violato, Hannah Fairbanks, Elizabeth White, Monika Parkinson, Gemma Abitabile, Alessandro Leidi, Peter J Cooper
BACKGROUND: Half of all lifetime anxiety disorders emerge before age 12 years; however, access to evidence-based psychological therapies for affected children is poor. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of two brief psychological treatments for children with anxiety referred to routine child mental health settings. We hypothesised that brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) would be associated with better clinical outcomes than solution-focused brief therapy and would be cost-effective...
May 17, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526251/asthma-related-lung-function-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-urban-children
#2
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Sheryl J Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Monique LeBourgeois, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Cynthia A Esteban, Julie Boergers, Jack Nassau, Michael Farrow, Gregory K Fritz, Robert B Klein
OBJECTIVES: Examine (1) the extent to which changes in objectively measured asthma-related lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within a sleep period are associated with sleep quality and sleep duration during that sleep period in a group of urban children with persistent asthma, (2) associations between morning and evening asthma-related lung function and sleep quality and duration on the adjacent night, and (3) whether these associations differ by ethnic group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multimethod approach...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#3
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521811/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-mainland-tanzania-2016
#4
Daniel Michael, Sigsbert Patila Mkunde
BACKGROUND: Understanding the key characteristics of malaria testing and treatment is essential to the control of a disease that continues to pose a major risk of morbidity and mortality in mainland Tanzania, with evidence of a resurgence of the disease in recent years. The introduction of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) as the first-line treatment for malaria, alongside policies to promote rational case management following testing, highlights the need for evidence of anti-malarial and testing markets in the country...
April 24, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521810/estimation-of-the-burden-of-varicella-in-europe-before-the-introduction-of-universal-childhood-immunization
#5
Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten, Susanne Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary between countries. In general, existing surveillance systems do not capture cases that do not seek medical care, and most are affected by underreporting and underascertainment. We aimed to estimate the overall varicella disease burden in Europe to provide critical information to support decision-making regarding varicella vaccination...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521566/quality-of-life-in-turkish-infertile-couples-and-related-factors
#6
Asli Goker, Emre Yanikkerem, Ozer Birge, Naci Kemal Kuscu
Infertility is a major life crisis affecting couples' psychosocial and physical health. We aimed to assess the quality of life in Turkish infertile couples. This cross-sectional survey was carried out in 127 infertile couples admitted to a University Hospital. The quality of life was measured using the fertility quality of life tool (FertiQoL) scale. Women had lower overall quality of life than men. Women and men who were married for fewer than 10 years had a significantly lower emotional score. Women who had a history of infertility treatment, men who have lived in the town or village men with primary infertility and men who have had primary education or lower, had lower scores for mind/body subscale...
May 19, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521207/strategies-to-support-transitions-from-hospital-to-home-for-children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Sydney Breneol, Julia Belliveau, Christine Cassidy, Janet A Curran
BACKGROUND: Children with medical complexity constitute a small but resource-intensive subgroup of children with special health care needs. Their medical fragility and resource-intensive needs put them at greater risk for inadequate transitions from hospital to home-based care, and subsequent adverse outcomes and hospital re-admissions. OBJECTIVE: This scoping literature review was conducted to map empirically researched interventions, frameworks, programs or models that could inform or support the transition from hospital to home for children with medical complexity...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521067/antiepileptic-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-infants-with-severe-myoclonic-epilepsy
#8
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in 2015, Issue 10.Severe myoclonic epilepsy in infants (SMEI), also known as Dravet syndrome, is a rare, refractory form of epilepsy, for which stiripentol (STP) has been recently licensed as add-on therapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of STP and other antiepileptic drug treatments (including ketogenic diet) for patients with SMEI. SEARCH METHODS: For the latest update we searched the Cochrane Epilepsy Group Specialized Register (20 December 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) via the Cochrane Register of Studies Online (CRSO, 20 December 2016), MEDLINE (Ovid, 1946 to 20 December 2016) and ClinicalTrials...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516823/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-heart-disease
#9
Mandy Niemitz, Diana C M Gunst, Hedwig H Hövels-Gürich, Michael Hofbeck, Renate Kaulitz, Christoph Galm, Felix Berger, Nicole Nagdyman, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Ines Konzag, Christian Balmer, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: Chronic paediatric heart disease is often associated with residual symptoms, persisting functional restrictions, and late sequelae for psychosocial development. It is, therefore, increasingly important to evaluate the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with chronic heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine medical and socio-demographic variables affecting health-related quality of life in school-aged children and adolescents with chronic heart disease...
May 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514988/how-latina-mothers-navigate-a-food-swamp-to-feed-their-children-a-photovoice-approach
#10
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Rafael Monge-Rojas, Elena Cremm, Ivonne M Rivera, Elizabeth L Andrade, Mark C Edberg
OBJECTIVE: To understand how mothers who recently migrated from Central America to the USA feed their children in a neighbourhood saturated with unhealthful food choices ('food swamp') and to formulate a mother-driven plan of action to facilitate their acquisition of foods. Design/Setting/Subjects We purposively sampled mothers with children (<10 years old) who were recent immigrants/refugees from Central America and lived in a 'food swamp' neighbourhood. We used the photovoice approach to elicit textual data from thirty in-depth interviews, a participatory workshop, and visual data from photographs...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514525/responsiveness-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-ecohis-to-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia
#11
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Wesam H Damanhouri, Najat M Farsi
BACKGROUND: The Arabic version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (A-ECOHIS) has been validated, but its ability to detect change was not tested. AIM: To evaluate the responsiveness of the A-ECOHIS to dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (DRGA). DESIGN: A consecutive sample of 131 parents of children aged 6 years or younger, scheduled for DRGA were recruited from three public hospitals. The parents completed the A-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks following DRGA...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514463/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidity-screening-guidelines
#12
Emily Osier, Audrey S Wang, Megha M Tollefson, Kelly M Cordoro, Stephen R Daniels, Andrew Eichenfield, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, Alexa B Kimball, Mark Lebwohl, Nehal N Mehta, Amy S Paller, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Dennis M Styne, Abby S Van Voorhees, Wynnis L Tom, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Importance: Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory skin condition associated with serious medical comorbidities in adults, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. Because psoriasis begins in childhood in almost one-third of patients, early identification of risk may be critical to minimizing effects on future health. Objective: To develop the first set of guidelines for comorbidity screening for patients with pediatric psoriasis based on current evidence...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514246/the-development-of-the-chinese-intermittent-exotropia-questionnaire
#13
Hui Zhu, Ling Shen, Chao-Qun Yuan, Shu Xu, Zhen-Hua Leng, Zhu-Jun Fu, Yun-Hua Xiao, Hu Liu
PURPOSE: The Intermittent Exotropia Questionnaire (IXTQ) is a child, proxy, and parent report of health-related quality of life specific to children with intermittent exotropia (IXT). The present study aimed to develop a Chinese-language version of the IXTQ (CIXTQ) and evaluate its validity and reliability when used in Chinese IXT children and their parents. METHODS: The IXTQ was translated into Chinese. One hundred seventy-five IXT children (2 to 17 years old) and 151 orthotropic control children (2 to 17 years old) along with one of their parents were recruited...
May 16, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512714/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-pet-mri-to-pet-ct-acquired-fdg-brain-exams-for-seizure-focus-detection-a-prospective-study
#14
Michael J Paldino, Erica Yang, Jeremy Y Jones, Nadia Mahmood, Andrew Sher, Wei Zhang, Shireen Hayatghaibi, Ramkumar Krishnamurthy, Victor Seghers
BACKGROUND: There is great interest in positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) as a clinical tool due to its capacity to provide diverse diagnostic information in a single exam. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this exam is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of PET/MR-acquired [F-18]2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) brain exams to that of PET/CT with respect to identifying seizure foci in children with localization-related epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval and informed consent were obtained for this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant, prospective study...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511827/psychosomatic-aspects-of-vitiligo
#15
Felipe Cupertino, João Paulo Niemeyer-Corbellini, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Vitiligo is a chronic common skin disease. The asymptomatic hypopigmented cutaneous lesions are considered by many health care professionals as a cosmetic problem only; however, vitiligo can have a major psychosocial impact on patients' lives. We review some of the factors responsible for this impact, such as the general public's wrong perception of the disease, feelings and emotional responses from patients, how stressful events can act as triggers of the disease, stigmatization experiences suffered by the patients, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, the effects on relationships and sex life, how quality of life in adults and children is impaired, and how treatment can improve it...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510996/tramadol-with-or-without-paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-cancer-pain
#17
REVIEW
Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Tramadol is an opioid analgesic licensed for use in moderate to severe pain. It is considered as a low risk for abuse, so control regulations are not as stringent as for 'strong' opioids such as morphine. It has a potential role as a step 2 option of the World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic ladder. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and adverse effects of tramadol with or without paracetamol (acetaminophen) for cancer-related pain. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases using a wide range of search terms: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS...
May 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509853/predictors-of-caregiver-burden-among-mothers-of-children-with-chronic-conditions
#18
Karina Javalkar, Eniko Rak, Alexandra Phillips, Cara Haberman, Maria Ferris, Miranda Van Tilburg
OBJECTIVE: The complex medical regimens of children and adolescents with chronic conditions can have a significant impact on families and households. Caregivers may experience burden, which can lead to negative health consequences and poor quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine child-related predictors and risk factors for caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic conditions. METHODS: We distributed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved, online cross-sectional survey to parents of children who attended the Victory Junction therapeutic camp...
May 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507765/asthma-epidemiology-of-disease-control-in-latin-america-short-review
#19
REVIEW
Dirceu Solé, Carolina Sanchez Aranda, Gustavo Falbo Wandalsen
Asthma is reported as one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood, impairing the quality of life of patients and their families and incurring high costs to the healthcare system and society. Despite the development of new drugs and the availability of international treatment guidelines, asthma is still poorly controlled, especially in Latin America. Original and review articles on asthma control or epidemiology with high levels of evidence have been selected for analysis among those published in PubMed referenced journals during the last 20 years, using the following keywords: "asthma control" combined with "Latin America", " epidemiology", "prevalence", "burden", "mortality", "treatment and unmet needs", "children", "adolescents", and "infants"...
2017: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507613/correlation-between-soil-transmitted-helminths-infection-and-serum-iron-level-among-primary-school-children-in-medan
#20
Nurfida K Arrasyid, Monica Nadya Sinambela, Zaimah Z Tala, Dewi Masyithah Darlan, Syah Mirsya Warli
BACKGROUND: The latest estimates indicate that more than 2 billion people worldwide are infected by Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH). The burden of STH infection is mainly attributed to the chronic effect on health and quality of life of those infected. It is also contributed to micronutrient deficiencies such as iron-deficiency anaemia. The prevalence of worm infection in Public Primary School students in Medan was quite high (40.3%), and 33.3% was anaemic in the latest study. AIM: To determine the correlation between STH infection with serum iron (SI) level on primary school children, as well as to determine the prevalence of SI level and worm infection, and the type of worm that infects the most of them...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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