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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944292/early-head-start-pediatric-dental-use-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
J M Burgette, J S Preisser, M Weinberger, R S King, R G Rozier
The objective of the study was to examine the mediating effect of child dental use on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In total, 479 parents of children enrolled in EHS and 699 parents of Medicaid-matched children were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 mo old and 24 mo later. In this quasi-experimental study, mediation analysis was performed using the counterfactual framework analysis, which employed 2 logit models with random effects: 1) for the mediator as a function of the treatment and covariates and 2) for the outcome as a function of the treatment, mediator, and covariates...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943259/-spanish-collaborative-study-description-of-usual-clinical-practice-in-infant-obesity
#2
Alfonso Lechuga Sancho, Enrique Palomo Atance, María José Rivero Martin, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Rosaura Leis Trabazo, María Pilar Bahíllo Curieses, Gloria Bueno Lozano
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a high prevalence health problem. Although there are clinical guidelines for its management, there is variability in its clinical approach. The aim of this study is to describe the usual clinical practice in Paediatric Endocrinology Units in Spain and to evaluate if it resembles the recommended guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out by means of a questionnaire sent to paediatric endocrinologists of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Endocrinology...
September 21, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942810/clinical-update-telepsychiatry-with-children-and-adolescents
#3
(no author information available yet)
This Clinical Update reviews the use of telepsychiatry to deliver psychiatric, mental health, and care coordination services to children and adolescents across settings as direct service and in collaboration with primary care providers or other clinicians. The update defines terms and presents the current status of telepsychiatry as a mode of health service delivery. The update presents procedures for conducting telepsychiatry services and optimizing the clinical experience.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942803/systematic-review-of-universal-resilience-focused-interventions-targeting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-the-school-setting
#4
REVIEW
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca K Hodder, Kathleen McElwaine, Danika Tremain, Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Tameka Small, Kerrin Palazzi, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of universal, school-based, resilience-focused interventions on mental health problems in children and adolescents. METHOD: Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, school-based interventions that included strategies to strengthen a minimum of 3 internal resilience protective factors, and included an outcome measure of mental health problems in children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. Six databases were searched from 1995 to 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941160/household-material-hardship-in-families-of-children-post-chemotherapy
#5
Madeline Bilodeau, Clement Ma, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Joanne Wolfe, Kira Bona
Poverty is an important patient-reported outcome of therapy and a potential predictor of outcome disparities in pediatric cancer. We previously identified that nearly 30% of pediatric cancer families experience household material hardship (HMH), a concrete measure of poverty including food, energy, or housing insecurity, during the first 6 months of chemotherapy. We conducted a follow-up survey in a subcohort of these families at least 1 year off-therapy and found that 32% reported HMH in early survivorship...
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940908/recruiting-primary-care-physicians-to-qualitative-research-experiences-and-recommendations-from-a-childhood-cancer-survivorship-study
#6
Christina Signorelli, Claire E Wakefield, Joanna E Fardell, Elysia Thornton-Benko, Jon Emery, Jordana K McLoone, Richard J Cohn
BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians (PCPs) are essential for healthcare delivery but can be difficult to recruit to health research. Low response rates may impact the quality and value of data collected. This paper outlines participant and study design factors associated with increased response rates among PCPs invited to participate in a qualitative study at Sydney Children's Hospital, Australia. PROCEDURE: We invited 160 PCPs by post, who were nominated by their childhood cancer patients in a survey study...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940464/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions
#7
Blanca R Del Pozzo-Magaña, Alejandro Lazo-Langner, Michael J Rieder
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a common problem in children. Health-related quality of life in patients with such conditions has not been well studied. In this study we found that health-related quality of life is adversely affected in children who developed ADRs with cutaneous manifestations.
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940060/psychosocial-implications-of-living-with-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-in-adulthood
#8
Ebony Richardson, Catherine Spinks, Andrew Davis, Christian Turner, John Atherton, Julie McGaughran, Christopher Semsarian, Jodie Ingles
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a rare inherited arrhythmogenic disease with a high risk of sudden cardiac death. The impact on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and psychosocial outcomes is not known. We sought to provide the first description of HR-QoL and psychosocial wellbeing of adults with CPVT, parents of affected children and at-risk relatives. Participants were recruited through the Australian Genetic Heart Disease Registry and invited to complete a cross-sectional survey comprising a number of validated scales and open-ended questions...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939455/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-expert-review-from-the-late-effects-and-quality-of-life-working-committee-of-the-cibmtr-and-complications-and-quality-of-life-working-party-of-the-ebmt
#9
REVIEW
Debra Lynch Kelly, David Buchbinder, Rafael F Duarte, Jeffrey J Auletta, Neel Bhatt, Michael Byrne, Melissa Gabriel, Anuj Mahindra, Maxim Norkin, Helene Schoemans, Ami J Shah, Ibrahim Ahmed, Yoshiko Atsuta, Grzegorz W Basak, Sara Beattie, Sita Bhella, Christopher Bredeson, Nancy Bunin, Jignesh Dalal, Andrew Daly, James Gajewski, Robert Peter Gale, John Galvin, Mehdi Hamadani, Robert J Hayashi, Kehinde Adekola, Jason Law, Catherine J Lee, Jane Liesveld, Adriana K Malone, Arnon Nagler, Seema Naik, Taiga Nishihori, Susan K Parsons, Angela Scherwath, Hannah-Lise Schofield, Robert Soiffer, Jeff Szer, Ida Twist, Anne Warwick, Baldeep M Wirk, Jean Yi, Minoo Battiwalla, Mary E Flowers, Bipin Savani, Bronwen E Shaw
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for children and adults with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Despite increasing survival rates, long-term morbidity following HCT is substantial. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a serious cause of morbidity, yet little is known about neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. To address this gap, collaborative efforts of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation undertook an expert review of neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT...
September 19, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938897/consequences-of-child-emotional-abuse-emotional-neglect-and-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-critical-review
#10
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938881/prevalence-and-correlates-for-adhd-and-relation-with-social-and-academic-functioning-among-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-aids-in-uganda
#11
Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D Gadow, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS (CA-HIV) attending five HIV clinics in central and South Western Uganda. METHODS: This study used a quantitative design that involved a random sample of 1339 children and adolescents with HIV and their caregivers. The Participants completed an extensive battery of measures including a standardized DSM-5 referenced rating scale, the parent version (5-18 years) of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5)...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#12
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935614/randomized-trial-of-interventions-to-improve-childhood-asthma-in-homes-with-wood-burning-stoves
#13
Curtis W Noonan, Erin O Semmens, Paul Smith, Solomon W Harrar, Luke Montrose, Emily Weiler, Marcy McNamara, Tony J Ward
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution due to biomass combustion for residential heating adversely affects vulnerable populations. Randomized controlled trials to improve indoor air quality in homes of children with asthma are limited, and no such studies have been conducted in homes using wood for heating. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to test the hypothesis that household-level interventions, specifically improved-technology wood-burning appliances or air-filtration devices, would improve health measures, in particular Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) scores, relative to placebo, among children living with asthma in homes with wood-burning stoves...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934528/the-impact-of-altitude-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-dwelling-at-high-altitude-a-crossover-study
#14
Benjamin H Hughes, John T Brinton, David G Ingram, Ann C Halbower
Study Objectives: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent among children and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Worldwide, approximately 250 million individuals reside at altitudes higher than 2000 meters above sea level (masl). The effect of chronic high-altitude exposure on children with SDB is unknown. This study aims to determine the impact of altitude on sleep study outcomes in children with SDB dwelling at high altitude. Methods: A single-center crossover study was performed to compare results of high-altitude home polysomnography (H-PSG) with lower altitude laboratory polysomnography (L-PSG) in school-age children dwelling at high altitude with symptoms consistent with SDB...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934235/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-lns-for-treatment-of-children-6-months-to-59-months-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition-mam-a-systematic-review
#15
Tarun Gera, Juan Pablo Pena-Rosas, Evelyn Boy-Mena, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: Moderate acute malnutrition is a major public health problem affecting children from low- and middle-income countries. Lipid nutrient supplements have been proposed as a nutritional intervention for its treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of LNS for the treatment of MAM in infants and children 6 to 59 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized-controlled trials and controlled before-after studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934232/economic-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-for-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-patients-in-china
#16
Yaming Zheng, Mark Jit, Joseph T Wu, Juan Yang, Kathy Leung, Qiaohong Liao, Hongjie Yu
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness in China that mainly affects infants and children. The objective of this study is to assess the economic cost and health-related quality of life associated with HFMD in China. METHOD: A telephone survey of caregivers were conducted in 31 provinces across China. Caregivers of laboratory-confirmed HFMD patients who were registered in the national HFMD enhanced surveillance database during 2012-2013 were invited to participate in the survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#17
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#18
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932575/pediatric-lung-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Christian Benden
Pediatric lung transplantation has been undertaken since the 1980s, and it is today considered an accepted therapy option in carefully selected children with end-stage pulmonary diseases, providing carefully selected children a net survival benefit and improved health-related quality of life. Nowadays, >100 pediatric lung transplants are done worldwide every year. Here, specific pediatric aspects of lung transplantation are reviewed such as the surgical challenge, effects of immunosuppression on the developing pediatric immune system, and typical infections of childhood, as it is vital to comprehend that children undergoing lung transplants present a real challenge as children are not 'just small adults'...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931398/responsiveness-of-the-early-childhood-oral-health-impact-scale-ecohis-is-related-to-dental-treatment-complexity
#20
Tatiane F Novaes, Laura Regina A Pontes, Julia G Freitas, Carolina P Acosta, Katia Cristina E Andrade, Renata S Guedes, Thiago M Ardenghi, José Carlos P Imparato, Mariana M Braga, Daniela P Raggio, Fausto M Mendes
BACKGROUND: The responsiveness of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) has varied greatly across studies; hence, we hypothesized that this discrepancy could be related to the complexity of dental treatment received. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the responsiveness of the ECOHIS to changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) following dental treatments of varying complexity in preschool children. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3 to 6 years were selected; their parents responded to the ECOHIS at baseline...
September 20, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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