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Quality of health in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817625/disentangling-the-relationship-between-children-s-motor-ability-executive-function-and-academic-achievement
#1
Mirko Schmidt, Fabienne Egger, Valentin Benzing, Katja Jäger, Achim Conzelmann, Claudia M Roebers, Caterina Pesce
Even though positive relations between children's motor ability and their academic achievement are frequently reported, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Executive function has indeed been proposed, but hardly tested as a potential mediator. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the mediating role of executive function in the relationship between motor ability and academic achievement, also investigating the individual contribution of specific motor abilities to the hypothesized mediated linkage to academic achievement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817182/centralized-patient-reported-outcome-data-collection-in-transplantation-is-feasible-and-clinically-meaningful
#2
Bronwen E Shaw, Ruta Brazauskas, Heather R Millard, Rachel Fonstad, Kathryn E Flynn, Amy Abernethy, Jenny Vogel, Charney Petroske, Deborah Mattila, Rebecca Drexler, Stephanie J Lee, Mary M Horowitz, J Douglas Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) cures many patients, but often with the risk of late effects and impaired quality of life. The value of quantifying patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is increasingly being recognized, but the routine collection of PROs is uncommon. This study evaluated the feasibility of prospective PRO collection by an outcome registry at multiple time points from unselected HCT patients undergoing transplantation at centers contributing clinical data to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR), and then it correlated the PRO data with clinical and demographic data...
August 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815857/association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-australian-indigenous-children
#3
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Joseph Tucci, Timothy Skinner
AIM: Associations between short sleep duration and obesity and the relationship between obesity and chronic illness are well documented. Obese children are likely to become obese adults. To date, there is a paucity of information regarding sleep duration and quality for Indigenous Australian people. It may be that poor-quality, short sleep is contributing to the gap in health outcomes for Indigenous people compared with non-Indigenous adults and children. This study sought to investigate the possibility that poor sleep quality may be contributing to health outcomes for Indigenous children by exploring associations between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815341/de-novo-weekly-and-biweekly-darbepoetin-alfa-dosing-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Bradley A Warady, John Barcia, Nadine Benador, Augustina Jankauskiene, Kurt Olson, Ludmila Podracka, Aleksey Shavkin, Poyyapakkam Srivaths, Cynthia J Wong, Jeffrey Petersen
BACKGROUND: Darbepoetin alfa is a commonly prescribed erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) for correcting anemia in pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, little information exists on its use in ESA-naïve patients. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of darbepoetin alfa in pediatric patients initiating ESA therapy. METHODS: One-hundred sixteen pediatric ESA-naïve subjects (aged 1-18 years) with CKD stages 3-5D and hemoglobin (Hb) <10 g/dl from 43 centers in the US, Europe, and Mexico were randomized by age (three groups) and dialysis status (yes vs...
August 17, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814971/quality-of-life-in-anxious-adolescents
#5
Solfrid Raknes, Ståle Pallesen, Joseph A Himle, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Gro Janne Wergeland, Asle Hoffart, Kari Dyregrov, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland
PURPOSE: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814619/time-use-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#6
Monica Wong, Tim Olds, Lisa Gold, Kate Lycett, Dorothea Dumuid, Josh Muller, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To describe 24-hour time-use patterns and their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in early adolescence. METHODS: The Child Health CheckPoint was a cross-sectional study nested between Waves 6 and 7 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The participants were 1455 11- to 12-year-olds (39% of Wave 6; 51% boys). The exposure was 24-hour time use measured across 259 activities using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814162/insights-on-the-intersection-of-health-equity-and-school-nutrition-policy-implementation-an-exploratory-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#7
Yuka Asada, Alejandro Hughes, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: Recent federal policies aimed to ensure that all children have equitable access to healthy school nutrition environments. However, historically, disparities have persisted in the quality of school nutrition environments across geographic and socioeconomic groups. There is limited literature addressing if and how recent efforts to reform the school nutrition environment have influenced such disparities. The main objective of this study was to explore stakeholders' insights on how school nutrition reform intersected with issues of inequity...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813263/children-s-physiological-responses-to-childcare
#8
REVIEW
Harriet J Vermeer, Marleen G Groeneveld
This review focuses on children's physiological responses to out-of-home childcare. The finding that children's cortisol levels are higher at childcare than at home has been well-replicated. Here we summarize recent evidence examining possible correlates of elevated cortisol levels. Reviewed studies suggest that childcare quality matters, whereas group sizes and type of care do not. As for child characteristics, elevated cortisol at childcare is more pronounced in toddlers than in infants, and in inhibited and aggressive children...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813183/quality-of-life-in-children-with-orofacial-clefts-and-caregiver-well-being
#9
L Sischo, M Wilson-Genderson, H L Broder
Quality of life is a valid patient-reported parameter that provides an assessment of treatment need or outcomes complementary to standard clinical measures. Such patient-reported assessments are particularly salient when examining chronic conditions with prolonged treatment trajectories, such as cleft lip and palate. This critical review identifies key questions related to ongoing research on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children with cleft and caregiver well-being. Details of the design and results from 2 longitudinal multicenter studies are presented...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810887/dietary-diversity-and-meal-frequency-among-infant-and-young-children-a-community-based-study
#10
Aysheshim Kassahun Belew, Bekrie Mohammed Ali, Zegeye Abebe, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Insufficient quantities, frequencies, and inadequate quality of complementary feedings have a negative effect on child health and growth, especially in the first two years of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the minimum dietary diversity, meal frequency and its associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months at Dabat District, northwest, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community- based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 15 to March 10, 2016...
August 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810833/population-effectiveness-of-the-pentavalent-and-monovalent-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#11
Daniel Hungerford, Katie Smith, Angela Tucker, Miren Iturriza-Gómara, Roberto Vivancos, Catherine McLeonard, Nigel A Cunliffe, Neil French
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus was the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in infants and young children prior to the introduction of routine vaccination. Since 2006 there have been two licensed vaccines available; with successful clinical trials leading the World Health Organization to recommend rotavirus vaccination for all children worldwide. In order to inform immunisation policy we have conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observation studies to assess population effectiveness against acute gastroenteritis...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#12
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807702/factors-associated-with-use-of-u-s-community-based-palliative-care-for-children-with-life-limiting-or-life-threatening-illnesses-and-their-families-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Jackelyn Y Boyden, Martha A Q Curley, Janet A Deatrick, Mary Ersek
CONTEXT: As children with life-limiting and life-threatening illnesses live longer, challenges to meeting their complex health care needs arise in homes and communities, as well as in hospitals. Integrated knowledge regarding community-based pediatric palliative care (CBPPC) is needed to strategically plan for a seamless continuum of care for children and their families. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review paper is to explore factors that are associated with the use of CBPPC for U...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806864/study-of-physical-function-in-adolescents-with-haemophilia-the-so-fit-study
#14
K Khair, M Holland, M Bladen, A Griffioen, P McLaughlin, S von Mackensen
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary haemophilia care demands Patient-Reported Outcomes. SO-FIT is a UK multi-centre study, assessing self-reported function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and joint health in boys with severe haemophilia. METHODS: Subjective physical function (PedHAL, HEP-Test-Q) and HRQoL (Haemo-QoL Short Form [SF]) were assessed alongside joint health using the objective Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS v2.1). Demographic and clinical data were collected...
August 14, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805702/study-on-the-status-of-health-service-utilization-among-caregivers-of-left-behind-children-in-poor-rural-areas-of-hunan-province-a-baseline-survey
#15
Meimei Ji, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Tong Yuan, Amber Tang, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: The caregivers of left-behind children (CLBC) in China's poor, rural areas are mostly elderly and women. Their health status and access to health services have not been previously characterized. This study aims to explore the status of CLBC in terms of their health service utilization and to provide a scientific basis for guiding effective implementation of health policy in rural Hunan. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was used to survey CLBC in two rural counties...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805300/the-kidney-allocation-system-does-not-appropriately-stratify-risk-of-pediatric-donor-kidneys-implications-for-pediatric-recipients
#16
S M Nazarian, A W Peng, B Duggirala, M Gupta, T Bittermann, S Amaral, M H Levine
Kidney Allocation System (KAS) was enacted in 2014 to improve graft utility, while facilitating transplantation of highly-sensitized patients and preserving pediatric access to high-quality kidneys. Central to this system is the Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI), a metric intended to predict transplant outcomes based on donor characteristics but derived using only adult donors. We posited that KAS had inadvertently altered the profile and quantity of kidneys made available to pediatric recipients. This question arose from our observation that most pediatric donors carry a KDPI over 35 and have therefore been rendered relatively inaccessible to pediatric recipients under KAS...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#17
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804787/burden-of-paediatric-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease-and-potential-effect-of-different-immunisation-strategies-a-modelling-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-for-england
#18
Deborah Cromer, Albert Jan van Hoek, Anthony T Newall, Andrew J Pollard, Mark Jit
BACKGROUND: Vaccines and prophylactic antibodies against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are in development and likely to be available in the next 5-10 years. The most efficient way to use these products when they become available is an important consideration for public health decision makers. METHODS: We performed a multivariate regression analysis to estimate the burden of RSV in children younger than 5 years in England (UK), a representative high-income temperate country, and used these results to assess the potential effect of different RSV immunisation strategies (targeting vaccination for infants, or pregnant women, or prophylactic antibodies for neonates)...
August 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804580/growth-pattern-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Eiman Abdalla, Lakshamanan Jeyaseelan, Irfan Ullah, Reem Abdwani
OBJECTIVES: Children with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) enter adulthood with considerable morbidity. Of the recognized morbidities, growth failure is unique to cSLE. The aim of this study was to evaluate the growth pattern in children with cSLE longitudinally and identify possible risk factors. METHODS: Serial anthropometric measurements of cSLE patients were obtained over two years and expressed as z-scores. Parental heights were obtained to calculate target height...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803594/does-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-reduce-asthma-symptoms-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#20
Maria M Papamichael, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Nugroho H Susanto, Bircan Erbas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present systematic review was to synthesize evidence from the literature to assess efficacy of the Mediterranean dietary pattern in childhood asthma. Design/Setting A systematic search of six databases, three clinical trial registries and hand-search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted up to 29 October 2016. Inclusion criteria included exposure to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, measurement of asthma symptoms and study population of children aged <18 years...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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