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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107694/evaluation-in-the-field-of-social-services-for-minors-measuring-the-efficacy-of-interventions-in-the-italian-service-for-health-protection-and-promotion
#2
Antonio Iudici, Agnese Gagliardo Corsi
This article presents the availment of a new Methodology for the efficacy evaluation of interventions in the field of social science: the Method of Computerized Textual Data Analysis (M.A.D.I.T.). In the beginning, we present some elements of the international and Italian legislation referred to the efficacy evaluation and about the child protection. Subsequently this work describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an intervention of minor protection delivered by a public Italian Service, the Minor and Family Service, MiFa...
November 30, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#3
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#4
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107575/spanish-version-of-actinic-keratosis-quality-of-life-questionnaire-akqol
#5
I Alarcon, G R Vinding, K B Christensen, S Esmann, J Malvehy, S Puig, G B E Jemec
BACKGROUND: Patient Reported Outcome Measures are very important outcomes. For specific diseases Health Related Quality of Life-instruments (HRQoL) are increasingly used to provide data on patients' overall perceptions of the course of a given disease. Actinic keratoses (AKs) are common keratotic lesions that occur on chronically sunlight-exposed skin. Only few studies regarding HRQoL in AKs have been made. OBJECTIVE: In order to be able to compare HRQoL among different countries and cultures we aimed to translate and validate the Actinic Keratosis Quality of Life (AKQoL) questionnaire into Spanish and quantify the impairment caused by AKs in Spanish patients...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107561/beta-blockers-for-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Hazel A Bradley, Jimmy Volmink, Bongani M Mayosi, Lionel H Opie
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers refer to a mixed group of drugs with diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. They have shown long-term beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used in people with heart failure or acute myocardial infarction. Beta-blockers were thought to have similar beneficial effects when used as first-line therapy for hypertension. However, the benefit of beta-blockers as first-line therapy for hypertension without compelling indications is controversial...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107395/prevalence-of-pre-analytical-errors-in-clinical-chemistry-diagnostic-labs-in-sulaimani-city-of-iraqi-kurdistan
#7
Dereen Najat
BACKGROUND: Laboratory testing is roughly divided into three phases: a pre-analytical phase, an analytical phase and a post-analytical phase. Most analytical errors have been attributed to the analytical phase. However, recent studies have shown that up to 70% of analytical errors reflect the pre-analytical phase. The pre-analytical phase comprises all processes from the time a laboratory request is made by a physician until the specimen is analyzed at the lab. Generally, the pre-analytical phase includes patient preparation, specimen transportation, specimen collection and storage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#8
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107348/predicting-length-of-stay-among-patients-discharged-from-the-emergency-department-using-an-accelerated-failure-time-model
#9
Chung-Hsien Chaou, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Shu-Hui Chang, Petrus Tang, Shin-Liang Pan, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Te-Fa Chiu
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) crowding continues to be an important health care issue in modern countries. Among the many crucial quality indicators for monitoring the throughput process, a patient's length of stay (LOS) is considered the most important one since it is both the cause and the result of ED crowding. The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the influence of different patient-related or diagnostic activities-related factors on the ED LOS of discharged patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107295/healthcare-transformation-and-changing-roles-for-nursing
#10
Susan W Salmond, Mercedes Echevarria
Factors driving healthcare transformation include fragmentation, access problems, unsustainable costs, suboptimal outcomes, and disparities. Cost and quality concerns along with changing social and disease-type demographics created the greatest urgency for the need for change. Caring for and paying for medical treatments for patients suffering from chronic health conditions are a significant concern. The Affordable Care Act includes programs now led by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services aiming to improve quality and control cost...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107257/perceived-stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-dyspepsia-a-register-based-cohort-study
#11
Ulrik Deding, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
OBJECTIVE: Dyspepsia is a common condition and has a huge impact on quality of life and working capacity, but its causes are not well understood. An association between stress and dyspepsia has been debated for decades, but the issue has not been resolved. We examined the 3-year risk of redeeming a proton-pump inhibitor or an H2-receptor antagonist as a proxy of dyspepsia according to the level of perceived stress. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Perceived stress was measured in a general health survey of 16 124 Danes aged older than 16 years of age in 2010 using Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107252/multimorbidity-and-the-risk-of-all-cause-30-day-readmission-in-the-setting-of-multidisciplinary-management-of-chronic-heart-failure-a-retrospective-analysis-of-830-hospitalized-patients-in-australia
#12
Joshua F Wiley, Yih-Kai Chan, Yasmin Ahamed, Jocasta Ball, Melinda J Carrington, Barbara Riegel, Simon Stewart
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity has an adverse effect on health outcomes in hospitalized individuals with chronic heart failure (CHF), but the modulating effect of multidisciplinary management is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that increasing morbidity would independently predict an increasing risk of 30-day readmission despite multidisciplinary management of CHF. METHODS: We studied patients hospitalized for any reason with heart failure receiving nurse-led, postdischarge multidisciplinary management...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107251/internet-delivered-self-management-support-for-improving-coronary-heart-disease-and-self-management-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
Jorge Palacios, Geraldine A Lee, Maria Duaso, Abigail Clifton, Ian J Norman, Derek Richards, Elizabeth Alexandra Barley
INTRODUCTION: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including mental health comorbidity, which is associated with poor outcomes. Self-management is key, but there is limited access to self-management support. Internet-delivered interventions may increase access. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to (1) determine the effectiveness of Internet-delivered CHD self-management support for improving CHD, mood, and self-management related outcomes and (2) identify and describe essential components for effectiveness...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107227/structural-level-differences-in-the-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-rate-in-south-africa-a-multilevel-assessment-of-individual-health-facility-and-provincial-level-predictors-of-infant-hiv-transmission
#14
S Woldesenbet, D J Jackson, C J Lombard, T H Dinh, V Ramokolo, T Doherty, G G Sherman, Y Pillay, A E Goga
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, South Africa reported an early mother to child transmission (MTCT) rate of 3.5% at 4-8 weeks postpartum. Provincial early MTCT rates ranged from 1.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-3.4%) to 5.9% (95% CI: 3.8-8.0%). We sought to determine reasons for these geographic differences in MTCT rates. METHODS: This study employed multilevel modelling using 2010 South African PMTCT evaluation (SAPMTCTE) data from 530 facilities. Interview data and infant blood samples were collected from 3085 mother-infant pairs at 4-8 weeks postpartum...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107137/interprofessional-education-in-an-orthodontic-outreach-training-centre
#15
Richard Cure
Interprofessional education (IPE) describes those occasions when students from two or more professions learn about, from and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. In the UK, orthodontic treatment is now delivered by a highly skilled team. Historically, education and training for orthodontic team members has been delivered 'uniprofessionally' in secondary care hospital settings, despite 96% of dental care, including orthodontics, being delivered in primary care. This paper describes an evaluation of IPE in Leamington Spa Orthodontics (LSO), a University-approved, primary care outreach training centre, where all members of the orthodontic team deliver patient care and are educated together in an IPE environment...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107090/cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-the-spanish-setting-of-the-peak-trial-of-panitumumab-plus-mfolfox6-compared-with-bevacizumab-plus-mfolfox6-for-first-line-treatment-of-patients-with-wild-type-ras-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#16
Fernando Rivera, Manuel Valladares, Salvador Gea, Noemí López-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of panitumumab in combination with mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin) versus bevacizumab in combination with mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment of patients with wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in Spain. METHODS: A semi-Markov model was developed including the following health states: Progression free; Progressive disease: Treat with best supportive care; Progressive disease: Treat with subsequent active therapy; Attempted resection of metastases; Disease free after metastases resection; Progressive disease: after resection and relapse; Death...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107087/comparison-of-fatty-acid-composition-in-selected-dietary-supplements-containing-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#17
Dorota Derewiaka, Klara Nestorowicz, Rafał Wołosiak
The market of pharmaceutical products is offering a wide range of supplements. Most of the consumers believe that these products will improve their state of health, but are they getting what they want and what they are paying for? The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of selected dietary supplements containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). All supplements were available in the Warsaw markets and bought from pharmacies. Assessment of the quality of food supplements was achieved by analysis of fatty acid using gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106810/genetic-aspects-of-susceptibility-to-mercury-toxicity-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Virginia Andreoli, Francesca Sprovieri
Human exposure to mercury is still a major public health concern. In this context, children have a higher susceptibility to adverse neurological mercury effects, compared to adults with similar exposures. Moreover, there exists a marked variability of personal response to detrimental mercury action, in particular among population groups with significant mercury exposure. New scientific evidence on genetic backgrounds has raised the issue of whether candidate susceptibility genes can make certain individuals more or less vulnerable to mercury toxicity...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106740/chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-properties-of-powders-obtained-from-different-plum-juice-formulations
#19
Anna Michalska, Aneta Wojdyło, Grzegorz P Łysiak, Adam Figiel
Among popular crops, plum (Prunus domestica L.) has received special attention due to its health-promoting properties. The seasonality of this fruit makes it impossible to consume it throughout the year, so new products in a powder form may offer an alternative to fresh consumption and may be used as high-quality natural food ingredients. A 100% plum (cultivar "Valor") juice was mixed with three different concentrations of maltodextrin or subjected to sugars removal by amberlite-XAD column, and dried using the freeze, spray, and vacuum (40, 60, and 80 °C) drying techniques...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106617/determinants-of-health-knowledge-and-health-perceptions-from-the-perspective-of-health-related-education-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
Piotr Tederko, Tomasz Krasuski, Marek Krasuski, Alicja Długołęcka, Beata Tarnacka
Appropriate health knowledge (HK) and health perceptions (HP) of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) are linked to health-related behaviors, compliance, the involvement of caregivers and efficacy of prophylaxis, and management of secondary conditions. The significance of factors determining the efficacy of educational interventions in patients with SCI is underestimated. This systematic literature review aims at identification of determinants of HK and HP among patients with SCI. We identified 16 papers with quantitative HK and HP measurements conclusive in the identification of HK and HP determinants in individuals with SCI...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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