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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734266/air-quality-and-health-effects-of-biogenic-volatile-organic-compounds-emissions-from-urban-green-spaces-and-the-mitigation-strategies
#1
Yuan Ren, Zelong Qu, Yuanyuan Du, Ronghua Xu, Danping Ma, Guofu Yang, Yan Shi, Xing Fan, Akira Tani, Peipei Guo, Ying Ge, Jie Chang
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emissions lead to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ground-level ozone pollution, and are harmful to human health, especially in urban areas. However, most BVOCs estimations ignored the emissions from urban green spaces, causing inaccuracies in the understanding of regional BVOCs emissions and their environmental and health effects. In this study, we used the latest local vegetation datasets from our field survey and applied an estimation model to analyze the spatial-temporal patterns, air quality impacts, health damage and mitigating strategies of BVOCs emissions in the Greater Beijing Area...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734236/determinants-of-mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-hospitalized-for-suicidal-behavior
#2
Leandro Grendas, Demián Rodante, Sasha Rojas, Soledad Puppo, Patricia Vidjen, Gisela Lado, Alicia Portela, Federico M Daray
The current study was interested in exploring the clinical factors related to mental and physical health-related quality of life among patients hospitalized for suicidal behavior. A multicenter cross-sectional study was designed to compare data obtained form 246 patients hospitalized for suicide behavior. Results suggest that mental health-related quality of life was negatively associated with hopelessness while physical health-related quality of life was negatively associated with age, medical disease and the number of previous suicide attempts and positively associated with employment...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734235/characterization-of-cognitive-performance-and-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-htlv-1
#3
Liliana Raulino Goncalves, Leopoldo Nelson Fernandes Barbosa, Paula Machado Ribeiro Magalhaes, Pedro Augusto Sampaio Rocha-Filho
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cognitive alterations among patients with HTLV-1, ascertain what is associated with these alterations and evaluate these patients' quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Patients infected by HTLV-1 who were seen at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital from March 2014 to June 2015 were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State Examination, Color Trails Test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF36) were used...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734131/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-candidates-waiting-for-kidney-transplantation
#4
Kjersti Lønning, Karsten Midtvedt, Tomm Bernklev, Cathrine Brunborg, Marit Helen Andersen, Nanna von der Lippe, Anna V Reisaeter, Pål-Dag Line, Anders Hartmann, Kristian Heldal
AIM: There is limited available knowledge regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older patients with chronic kidney disease. We aimed to describe HRQoL in renal transplant candidates 65 years or older at transplant acceptance, and during the first year on the waiting list.. METHODS: A nationwide prospective observational study in Norway was conducted. HRQoL was evaluated at baseline (wait listing) and after 6 and 12 months using the patient self-reported Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short form version 1...
July 22, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732304/outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-pt14b-gastroenteritis-at-a-restaurant-in-england-the-use-of-molecular-typing-to-achieve-a-successful-prosecution
#5
C Chatt, D Nicholds-Trainor, A Scrivener, S Suleman, M Harvey, T Dallman, J Hawker, B Sibal
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b in people who had eaten at a restaurant, and the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the food business operator (FBO). STUDY DESIGN: The local health protection team and environmental health department formed an outbreak control team to investigate the outbreak. METHODS: Epidemiological, microbiological, and environmental investigations were undertaken...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732151/patients-attitudes-and-experiences-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-qualitative-synthesis
#6
Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, David J Tunnicliffe, Daniel Sumpton, Chandima Perera, Kieran Fallon, Jonathan C Craig, Walter Abhayaratna, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) results in increased disease activity and symptoms and poorer quality of life. We aimed to describe patients' attitudes and experiences of DMARDs in RA and SpA to inform strategies to improve medication adherence. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were searched to January 2016. Thematic synthesis was used to analyze the findings...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732144/influence-of-high-latitude-light-conditions-on-sensory-quality-and-contents-of-health-and-sensory-related-compounds-in-swede-roots-brassica-napus-l-ssp-rapifera-metzg
#7
Jørgen A B Mølmann, Sidsel Fiskaa Hagen, Gunnar B Bengtsson, Tor J Johansen
BACKGROUND: Vegetable growers in Arctic areas usually must rely on market strategies based on regional origin and product quality. Swede roots (rutabaga) were grown in a phytotron to investigate the effect of high latitude light conditions on sensory quality and some health and sensory-related compounds. Experimental treatments included modifications of 24 h natural day length (69° 39' N), by moving plants at daily intervals to dark chambers with either no light, fluorescent growth light and/or low intensity photoperiod extension...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732134/physical-functioning-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-longitudinal-30-year-follow-up-study
#8
Anita Tollisen, Anne M Selvaag, Hanne A Aulie, Vibke Lilleby, Astrid Aasland, Anners Lerdal, Berit Flatø
OBJECTIVES: To describe physical functioning, pain, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), investigate changes over time, and identify predictors of poorer HRQOL after 30 years of disease duration. METHODS: Patients (N=176) clinically examined after 15 years were reassessed with the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Visual Analogue Scale Pain (VAS pain) and Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) after 23 and 30 years...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732071/the-ideas-about-advanced-life-support-and-affecting-factors-at-the-end-stage-of-life-in-a-hospital-in-turkey
#9
Turgay Albayrak, İrfan Şencan, Ömer Akça, Esra Meltem Koç, Hilal Aksoy, Selim Ünsal, İskender Bülbül, Adem Bahadır, İsmail Kasım, Rabia Kahveci, Adem Özkara
BACKGROUND: The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment. AIM: We wanted to determine the decisions on advanced life support at the end-stage of life in case of a life-threatening illness for the people themselves and their first degree relatives and the factors effecting these decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#10
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731958/pain-catastrophizing-and-pain-health-related-quality-of-life-in-endometriosis
#11
Allison E McPeak, Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Arianne Albert, Sarka Lisonkova, Paul J Yong
OBJECTIVES: To determine if pain catastrophizing is independently associated with pain health-related quality-of-life in women with endometriosis, independent of potential confounders. METHODS: Analysis of cross-sectional baseline data from a prospective database at a tertiary referral center for endometriosis/pelvic pain. Referrals to the center were recruited between December 2013 to April 2015, with data collected from online patient questionnaires, physical examination, and review of medical records...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731882/the-effect-on-bone-outcomes-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-prostate-cancer-survivors-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Soo Hyun Kim, Do Hwan Seong, Sang Min Yoon, Young Deuk Choi, Eunju Choi, Youngkyu Song, Hosook Song
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss has important long-term effects in prostate cancer survivors (PCSs) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but little is known about preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a 6-month home-based exercise intervention in PCSs. METHODS: In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 51 men (mean age, 70.8 years) were randomized to a 6-month home-based exercise intervention for preventing osteoporosis group (n = 26) or an exercise placebo intervention of stretching exercise group (n = 25)...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#13
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#14
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731557/data-mining-potential-applications-in-research-on-nutrition-and-health
#15
Marijka Batterham, Elizabeth Neale, Allison Martin, Linda Tapsell
AIM: Data mining enables further insights from nutrition-related research, but caution is required. The aim of this analysis was to demonstrate and compare the utility of data mining methods in classifying a categorical outcome derived from a nutrition-related intervention. METHODS: Baseline data (23 variables, 8 categorical) on participants (n = 295) in an intervention trial were used to classify participants in terms of meeting the criteria of achieving 10 000 steps per day...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731547/does-hospital-ownership-influence-hospital-referral-region-health-rankings-in-the-united-states
#16
Hanadi Hamadi, Emma Apatu, Aaron Spaulding
Extensive evidence demonstrates that a hospital's organizational ownership structure impacts its overall performance, but little is known concerning the influence of hospital structure on the health of its community. This paper explores the association between US hospital referral region (HRR) health rankings and hospital ownership and performance. Data from the 2016 Commonwealth Fund Scorecard on Local Health System Performance, the American Hospital Association dataset, and the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing dataset are utilized to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of 36 quality measures across 306 HRRs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731538/meta-analysis-of-quality-of-life-improvement-after-cochlear-implantation-and-associations-with-speech-recognition-abilities
#17
REVIEW
Theodore R McRackan, Michael Bauschard, Jonathan L Hatch, Emily Franko-Tobin, H Richard Droghini, Shaun A Nguyen, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVES: Determine the impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life (QOL) and determine the correlation between QOL and speech recognition ability. STUDY DESIGN: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature to identify studies reporting hearing-specific or cochlear implant (CI)-specific QOL outcomes before and after cochlear implantation, and studies reporting correlations between QOL and speech recognition after cochlear implantation...
July 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731529/association-between-systemic-antibiotic-and-corticosteroid-use-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-quality-of-life
#18
Alisa Yamasaki, Lloyd P Hoehle, Katie M Phillips, Allen L Feng, Adam P Campbell, David S Caradonna, Stacey T Gray, Ahmad R Sedaghat
OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the significance of querying chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients about their past CRS-related oral antibiotic and corticosteroid usage by determining the association between these metrics and patients' quality of life (QoL). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 157 patients with CRS were prospectively recruited. CRS-specific QoL was measured using the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22)...
July 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731510/the-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-incidental-falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-later-life-the-community-health-survey
#19
Kyu Shik Kim, Ji Won Nam, Bo Youl Choi, Hong Sang Moon
AIM: To evaluate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incidental falls and fear of falling. METHODS: We used data obtained from the 2011 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) conducted between August and October 2011 in South Korea. The survey was carried out to estimate patterns of disease prevalence and morbidity in men >40 years old. The trained interviewers performed face-to-face sociodemographic questionnaires using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) software, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the Quality of Life score (EQ-5D), and a questionnaire about past falls and fear of falling...
July 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731371/determinants-of-infection-outcome-in-hcv-genotype-4
#20
Rania A Zayed, Dalia Omran, Abeer A Zayed, Lobna O Elmessery
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a worldwide health problem and has been for long an attractive point of research due to diversity among different genotypes regarding unique geographical distribution and diverse treatment outcome. HCV is considered a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, which leads to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma requiring liver transplantation. Of the HCV genotypes identified, HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) is the least studied. HCV-4 is responsible for ∼10% of HCV infections and is common in the Middle East and Africa; recently it is increasingly prevalent in European Countries...
July 21, 2017: Viral Immunology
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