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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#1
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339840/the-effects-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-relationship-between-victimization-experiences-and-smoking-status-among-us-women
#2
Alicia K Matthews, Young Ik Cho, Tonda L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Frances Aranda, Timothy Johnson
Introduction: This study examined the relationships between experiences of childhood and adulthood victimization and current smoking among heterosexual and sexual minority women (SMW). The main hypothesis was that victimization experiences would predict current smoking status. Further, we hypothesized that the effect of childhood victimization on self-reported smoker status would be mediated by adult victimization. Methods: Data are from two studies conducted in the United States that used similar methods and questionnaires in order to conduct a comparative analysis of women based on sexual orientation...
March 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339298/evaluations-and-future-plans-after-casual-sexual-experiences-differences-across-partner-type
#3
Rose Wesche, Shannon E Claxton, Eva S Lefkowitz, Manfred H M van Dulmen
Casual sexual relationships and experiences (CSREs) are common among emerging adults, and their diversity may contribute to variability in their associations with mental health and future romantic relationship development. The present research used multiple regression analyses to examine how CSRE type (casual dating, friends with benefits [FWB], or booty call/one-night stand) is associated with short-term outcomes of these experiences, including positive and negative evaluations, plans to start a romantic relationship with a CSRE partner, and general plans for future CSREs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335615/personality-and-sexuality-in-older-adults
#4
Mark S Allen, Annelil E Desille
OBJECTIVE: This study explored cross-time associations between personality and multiple components of sexual functioning and behaviour in a large cohort of older adults (n = 5745). DESIGN: Participants (Mage = 65.57 ± 8.28 years) completed questionnaires in 2010 and 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes explored included sexual attitudes, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, lifetime sexual partners, sexual orientation and sexual dysfunction...
March 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332774/changing-hpv-vaccination-rates-in-bisexual-and-lesbian-women
#5
Carolee Polek, Thomas Hardie
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates continue to be below national targets for women and lower in some sexual minorities. HPV is a primary causal agent in cervical cancer, from which members of the lesbian and bisexual community mistakenly believe they are at low risk. This study characterized rates of HPV vaccination in women based on their sexual orientation. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Health Interview Survey 2013-2014...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328308/sexual-and-gender-minority-breast-cancer-patients-choosing-bilateral-mastectomy-without-reconstruction-i-feel-like-i-now-have-a-body-that-fits-me
#6
Maria Teresa Brown, Jane A McElroy
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) breast cancer patients have begun embracing the choice to "go flat" or opt out of reconstruction after bilateral mastectomy, though little is known about this population. SGM breast cancer survivors were identified through purposive and referral sampling and invited to participate in a web-based survey containing both closed- and open-ended items. Of the 68 SGM breast cancer survivors aged 18-75 years who completed the survey between May 2015 and January 2016, 25% reported "going flat" (flattoppers)...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322629/promoting-the-wellbeing-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-forced-migrants-in-canada-providers-perspectives
#7
Sarilee Kahn, Edward Alessi, Leah Woolner, Hanna Kim, Christina Olivieri
Researchers are beginning to document the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) forced migrants in settlement. However, studies exploring the perceptions of service providers working with this vulnerable population are limited. These may shed light on the challenges of meeting the needs of LGBT forced migrants, especially mental health issues and problems. This qualitative study elicited the views of 22 Canadian service providers, including advocates, lawyers and mental health practitioners, who serve LGBT forced migrants...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318363/sexual-orientation-and-college-students-reasons-for-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#8
Faedra R Dagirmanjian, Anne E McDaniel, Richard Shadick
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription pain medications, sedatives, and stimulants is a well-documented problem among college students. Research has indicated that students who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual are at elevated risk. However, little is known about students' reasons for use. OBJECTIVES: (1) To replicate findings that sexual minority students report higher nonmedical use than heterosexual students, moving from a campus-specific to a multicampus sample and (2) to test for an association between sexual orientation and reasons for use...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315201/user-characteristics-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption
#9
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown, Adam Winstock
Digital interventions are available to help people reduce their alcohol consumption, but it is not known who uses these interventions and how this treatment-seeking group compares with the general population of drinkers. The study objective was to compare the socio-demographic and drinking characteristics of users of the 'Drinks Meter' smartphone app with the general population of drinkers in England and website users of the same intervention. Data were used from the Drinks Meter app and website, and a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in England (Alcohol Toolkit Study)...
March 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314179/online-maternity-information-seeking-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#11
Emily H Ruppel, Hannah E Karpman, Carolyn E Delk, Mallory Merryman
OBJECTIVE: recent research has concluded that barriers to maternity health care exist for lesbian, bisexual, and queer women. This mixed methods study aims to understand patterns in seeking and sharing online health information for LBQ women attempting conception. DESIGN: researchers performed a qualitative content analysis of 400 discussions in lesbian-oriented Facebook groups, containing 1764 total instances of text. 400 discussions from heterosexual-oriented conception and parenting Facebook groups were examined for comparison purposes, though they will not be the focus of this analysis...
March 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299562/gay-and-lesbian-sounding-auditory-cues-elicit-stereotyping-and-discrimination
#12
Fabio Fasoli, Anne Maass, Maria Paola Paladino, Simone Sulpizio
The growing body of literature on the recognition of sexual orientation from voice ("auditory gaydar") is silent on the cognitive and social consequences of having a gay-/lesbian- versus heterosexual-sounding voice. We investigated this issue in four studies (overall N = 276), conducted in Italian language, in which heterosexual listeners were exposed to single-sentence voice samples of gay/lesbian and heterosexual speakers. In all four studies, listeners were found to make gender-typical inferences about traits and preferences of heterosexual speakers, but gender-atypical inferences about those of gay or lesbian speakers...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299369/socioeconomic-status-and-treatment-outcomes-for-individuals-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-the-uk-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses
#13
Lisa S Burch, Colette J Smith, Jane Anderson, Lorraine Sherr, Alison J Rodger, Rebecca O'Connell, Anna-Maria Geretti, Richard Gilson, Martin Fisher, Jonathan Elford, Martin Jones, Simon Collins, Yusef Azad, Andrew N Phillips, Andrew Speakman, Margaret A Johnson, Fiona C Lampe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of socioeconomic status on HIV treatment outcomes in settings with universal access to health care. Here we aimed to investigate the association of socioeconomic factors with antiretroviral therapy (ART) non-adherence, virological non-suppression, and virological rebound, in HIV-positive people on ART in the UK. METHODS: We used data from the Antiretrovirals, Sexual Transmission Risk and Attitudes (ASTRA) questionnaire study, which recruited participants aged 18 years or older with HIV from eight HIV outpatient clinics in the UK between Feb 1, 2011, and Dec 31, 2012...
November 2016: Lancet Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297185/allometry-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-the-human-pelvis
#14
Barbara Fischer, Philipp Mitteroecker
Sexual dimorphism in the human pelvis has evolved in response to several jointly acting selection regimes that result from the pelvis' multiple roles in locomotion and childbirth, among others. Because human males are, on average, taller than females, some aspects of sexual dimorphism in pelvis shape might result from allometry, the association between stature and pelvis shape across individuals. In this study, they aimed to disentangle and quantify the two components contributing to pelvic sex differences: the allometric component, which emerges as a consequence of dimorphism in stature, and the remaining non-allometric sexual dimorphism component...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295524/the-impact-of-cannabis-use-disorder-on-suicidal-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans-with-and-without-mental-health-disorders
#15
Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
The objective of this study was to assess the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-injury among veterans. As expected, after adjusting for sex, age, sexual orientation, combat exposure, traumatic life events, traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use disorder, and noncannabis drug use disorder, CUD was significantly associated with both suicidal (OR = 3.10, p = .045) and nonsuicidal (OR = 5.12, p = .009) self-injury. CUD was the only variable significantly associated with self-injury in all three models examined...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287877/measuring-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations-in-health-surveillance
#16
Joanne G Patterson, Jennifer M Jabson, Deborah J Bowen
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) are underrepresented and information about SGMs is difficult to locate in national health surveillance data, and this limits identification and resolution of SGM health disparities. It is also not known how measures of sexual orientation and transgender-inclusive gender identity in health surveillance compare with best practice recommendations. This article reviews and summarizes the publicly available, English language, large-scale, rigorously sampled, national, international, and regional data sources that include sexual orientation or transgender-inclusive gender identity and compares measures with best practice guidelines...
March 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287875/sexual-orientation-and-health-information-technology-use-a-nationally-representative-study-of-u-s-adults
#17
James M Dahlhamer, Adena M Galinsky, Sarah S Joestl, Brian W Ward
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence and odds of participation in online health-related activities among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults and straight adults aged 18-64. METHODS: Primary data collected in the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey, a nationally representative household health survey, were used to examine associations between sexual orientation and four measures of health information technology (HIT) use. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews (some telephone follow-up) with 54,878 adults aged 18-64...
March 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#18
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284748/sexual-and-behavioral-health-disparities-among-sexual-minority-hispanics-latinos-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#19
Omar Martinez, Ji Hyun Lee, Frank Bandiera, E Karina Santamaria, Ethan C Levine, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S. METHODS: The study included data from 5,598 Latino adults who participated in the 2001-2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#20
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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