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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781831/same-sex-and-different-sex-parent-families-in-italy-is-parents-sexual-orientation-associated-with-child-health-outcomes-and-parental-dimensions
#1
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#2
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778500/proportion-of-patients-who-disclose-their-sexual-orientation-to-healthcare-providers-and-its-relationship-to-patient-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#3
REVIEW
Mollie A Ruben, Madeline Fullerton
OBJECTIVE: Patient-centered care emphasizes the need to form a therapeutic and trusting relationship between patients and providers in which patients feel comfortable disclosing health-relevant and personal information. It is still unknown how many patients disclose their sexual orientation to providers, under what circumstances and what it is related to in terms of outcomes. METHOD: The present meta-analysis and review sought to identify the overall proportion of sexual orientation disclosure to healthcare providers, facilitators and barriers of disclosure, patient populations less likely to disclose, and the relationship between disclosure and outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#4
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775135/sex-offender-supervision-communication-training-and-mutual-respect-are-necessary-for-effective-collaboration-between-probation-officers-and-therapists
#5
Nicholas P Newstrom, Michael Miner, Chris Hoefer, R Karl Hanson, Beatrice Bean E Robinson
Developed with the goal of preventing recidivism, contemporary sex offender supervision models focus on collaboration between probation officers and therapists. This exploratory study used focus groups to examine the working relationships between probation officers and therapists from two large U.S. urban probation departments. Overall, both probation officers and therapists were quite positive about their working relationships; they valued each others' roles and agreed that regular, accurate, and timely communication occurred frequently...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774007/the-influence-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-perceived-fit-of-male-applicants-for-both-male-and-female-typed-jobs
#6
Heather M Clarke, Kara A Arnold
Research demonstrates the bias faced by individuals engaged in occupations that are perceived as inconsistent with their gender. The lack of fit model and role congruity theory explain how gender stereotypes give rise to the perception that an individual lacks the attributes necessary to be successful in a gender-incongruent job. Men employed in jobs traditionally held by women are perceived as wimpy and undeserving of respect. The majority of studies in this area have, however, failed to account for the sexual orientation of the individual being rated...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766757/a-comparison-of-juror-decision-making-in-race-based-and-sexual-orientation-based-hate-crime-cases
#7
Bradlee W Gamblin, Andre Kehn, Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig, Kelly M Jones, Brittney L Long
Several constructs have been identified as relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases. However, there is a lack of research on the relationships between these constructs and their variable influence across victim group. The purpose of the current study was to reexamine factors relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases within a structural model, and across victim group, to gauge the relative strength and explanatory power of various predictors. In the current study, 313 participants sentenced a perpetrator found guilty of a hate crime committed against either a Black man or a gay man; participants also responded to individual difference measures relevant to mock juror hate crime decision making, including prejudice toward the victim's social group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#8
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760886/geographic-variation-in-body-size-and-its-relationship-with-environmental-gradients-in-the-oriental-garden-lizard-calotes-versicolor
#9
Xiaomei Wei, Linmiao Yan, Chengjian Zhao, Yueyun Zhang, Yongli Xu, Bo Cai, Ni Jiang, Yong Huang
Patterns of geographic variation in body size are predicted to evolve as adaptations to local environmental gradients. However, many of these clinal patterns in body size, such as Bergmann's rule, are controversial and require further investigation into ectotherms such as reptiles on a regional scale. To examine the environmental variables (temperature, precipitation, topography and primary productivity) that shaped patterns of geographic variation in body size in the reptile Calotes versicolor , we sampled 180 adult specimens (91 males and 89 females) at 40 locations across the species range in China...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756560/sexual-coercion-perpetration-and-victimization-gender-similarities-and-differences-in-adolescence
#10
Andrés A Fernández-Fuertes, Rodrigo J Carcedo, Begoña Orgaz, Antonio Fuertes
Sexual coercion is a worldwide health problem that endangers the well-being of those involved. In the same line of the most recent and comprehensive studies, this study sought to investigate the extent of sexual coercion, both perpetration and victimization, among male and female adolescents. Moreover, it jointly analyzed the predictive power of different variables that have been considered as useful to design preventive programs. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study, using proportional stratified cluster sampling, was performed and 1,242 Spanish adolescents (15-19 years old) were surveyed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741980/sexual-orientation-group-differences-in-perceived-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#11
Evan A Krueger, Ilan H Meyer, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: Overall, sexual minorities have poorer mental health than heterosexual individuals, and stress is thought to underlie such disparities. However, sexual minorities include both those identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and many who do not (e.g., individuals identifying as mostly heterosexual, or as heterosexual but with discordant same-sex attractions or behaviors), and little is known about the mental health or stress experiences of non-LGB identified sexual minorities...
May 9, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741976/self-reported-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-among-adults-referred-to-a-gender-identity-clinic
#12
Lieke E W Vermaat, Anna I R van der Miesen, Annelou L C de Vries, Thomas D Steensma, Arne Popma, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to (1) investigate autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in a sample of adults referred for gender dysphoria (GD) compared to typically developing (TD) populations, (2) see whether males assigned at birth with GD (MaBGD s) and females assigned at birth with GD (FaBGD s) differ in ASD symptom levels, (3) study the role of sexual orientation, and (4) investigate ASD symptoms' correlation with GD symptoms. METHODS: The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was used to measure ASD symptoms, and the Utrecht Gender Dysphoria Scale (UGDS) was used to measure the intensity of GD...
May 9, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738541/implicit-attitudes-to-sexual-partner-concurrency-vary-by-sexual-orientation-but-not-by-gender-a-cross-sectional-study-of-belgian-students
#13
Chris R Kenyon, Kenny Wolfs, Kara Osbak, Jacques van Lankveld, Guido Van Hal
High rates of sexual partner concurrency have been shown to facilitate the spread of various sexually transmitted infections. Assessments of explicit attitudes to concurrency have however found little difference between populations. Implicit attitudes to concurrency may vary between populations and play a role in generating differences in the prevalence of concurrency. We developed a concurrency implicit associations test (C-IAT) to assess if implicit attitudes towards concurrency may vary between individuals and populations and what the correlates of these variations are...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733759/teleology-and-defining-sex
#14
Nathan K Gamble, Michal Pruski
Disorders of sexual differentiation lead to what is often referred to as an intersex state. This state has medical, as well as some legal, recognition. Nevertheless, the question remains whether intersex persons occupy a state in between maleness and femaleness or whether they are truly men or women. To answer this question, another important conundrum needs to be first solved: what defines sex? The answer seems rather simple to most people, yet when morphology does not coincide with haplotypes, and genetics might not correlate with physiology the issue becomes more complex...
May 7, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733672/exploring-the-contribution-of-motivation-and-experience-in-the-postpubescent-own-gender-bias-in-face-recognition
#15
Peter J Hills, J Michael Pake, Jack R Dempsey, Michael B Lewis
The own-gender bias in face recognition has been hypothesized to be the result of extensive experience with own-gender faces, coupled with a motivation to process own-group faces more deeply than other-group faces. We test the effect of experience and motivation in four experiments employing standard old/new recognition paradigms. In Experiment 1, no own-gender recognition bias was observed following an attractiveness-rating encoding task regardless of school type (single- or mixed-sex). Experiment 2, which used a distinctiveness-rating encoding task, did find a significant own-gender bias for all groups of participants...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729394/neural-correlates-of-gender-differences-in-distractibility-by-sexual-stimuli
#16
J Strahler, O Kruse, S Wehrum-Osinsky, T Klucken, R Stark
Attentional interference control is a prominent feature of human cognition. To what extent sexual stimuli attract attention and interfere with cognitive tasks has still little been studied. Our study aimed to identify associations between attentional interference, sexual arousal, trait sexual motivation, and neural activity to sexual distractors while accounting for gender differences. Therefore, the present study examined the neural correlates of attentional interference by arousing sexual distractors using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
May 2, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723686/minority-stress-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depressive-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-youth
#17
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Stephen T Russell, Rosemarie L Buikema, Marcel A G van Aken
Although studies have shown links between minority stress and mental health (e.g., Meyer, 2003), there is little research explaining this association. Research has suggested that adequate coping skills might protect youth from the negative impact of stress (Compas et al., 2017). Thus, we aimed to examine: 1) whether associations between minority stress and depressive symptoms occurred through mechanisms of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and 2) whether these associations were dependent on level of problem-solving coping (moderated mediation)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720541/risk-of-type-2-diabetes-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-findings-from-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#18
Heather L Corliss, Nicole A VanKim, Hee-Jin Jun, S Bryn Austin, Biling Hong, Molin Wang, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are more likely than heterosexual women to exhibit risk factors for type 2 diabetes, but studies estimating the burden of type 2 diabetes among LB women are uncommon and limited to cross-sectional designs. This study investigated incidence of type 2 diabetes in LB women and heterosexual women in a large, longitudinal U.S. cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Women participating in the Nurses' Health Study II ages 24-44 years in 1989 were prospectively followed through 2013...
May 2, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717635/sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-curricula-in-new-england-a-pilot-study-of-medical-student-comfort-competence-and-perception-of-curricula
#19
Nicole Sitkin Zelin, Charlotte Hastings, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Caroline Scott, Ana Rodriguez-Villa, Cassandra Duarte, Christopher Calahan, Alexander J Adami
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience high rates of harassment and discrimination when seeking healthcare, which contributes to substantial healthcare disparities. Improving physician training about gender identity, sexual orientation, and the healthcare needs of SGM patients has been identified as a critical strategy for mitigating these disparities. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published medical education competencies to guide undergraduate medical education on SGM topics...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706895/-liversex-computational-model-sexual-aspects-in-hepatic-metabolism-and-abnormalities
#20
Tanja Cvitanović Tomaš, Žiga Urlep, Miha Moškon, Miha Mraz, Damjana Rozman
The liver is to date the best example of a sexually dimorphic non-reproductive organ. Over 1,000 genes are differentially expressed between sexes indicating that female and male livers are two metabolically distinct organs. The spectrum of liver diseases is broad and is usually prevalent in one or the other sex, with different contributing genetic and environmental factors. It is thus difficult to predict individual's disease outcomes and treatment options. Systems approaches including mathematical modeling can aid importantly in understanding the multifactorial liver disease etiology leading toward tailored diagnostics, prognostics and therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
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