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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919559/adipokinetic-hormone-receptor-gene-identification-and-its-role-in-triacylglycerol-mobilization-and-sexual-behavior-in-the-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis
#1
Qiu-Li Hou, Er-Hu Chen, Hong-Bo Jiang, Dan-Dan Wei, Shun-Hua Gui, Jin-Jun Wang, Guy Smagghe
Energy homeostasis requires continuous compensation for fluctuations in energy expenditure and availability of food resources. In insects, energy mobilization is under control of the adipokinetic hormone (AKH) where it is regulating the nutritional status by supporting the mobilization of lipids. In this study, we characterized the gene coding for the AKH receptor (AKHR) and investigated its function in the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) that is economically one of the most important pest insects of tropical and subtropical fruit...
September 15, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915092/sexual-orientation-in-state-hate-crime-laws-exploring-social-construction-and-criminal-law
#2
Jace L Valcore
Several studies have described and analyzed the development and diffusion of hate crime laws in the United States, but none specifically examined state-level differences in protected categories. Forty-five of the 50 states have a hate crime statute, but only 30 of those include sexual orientation. In this study the Social Construction Framework is applied to the hate crime policy domain for the in order to determine whether or not variations in the social and political status of gays and lesbians are associated with the inclusion of sexual orientation in state hate crime laws...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914080/gender-identity-and-sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Rita George, Mark A Stokes
Clinical impressions indicate that there is an overrepresentation of gender-dysphoria within the autism spectrum disorder. However, little is presently known about the demographics of gender-identity issues in autism spectrum disorder. Based upon what little is known, we hypothesized that there would be an increased prevalence of gender-dysphoria among those with autism spectrum disorder compared to a typically developing population. We surveyed gender-dysphoria with the Gender-Identity/Gender-Dysphoria Questionnaire among 90 males and 219 females with autism spectrum disorder and compared these rates to those of 103 males and 158 females without autism spectrum disorder...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911537/functional-study-of-cordyceps-sinensis-and-cordycepin-in-male-reproduction-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Yung-Chia Chen, Ying-Hui Chen, Bo-Syong Pan, Ming-Min Chang, Bu-Miin Huang
Cordyceps sinensis has various biological and pharmacological functions, and it has been claimed as a tonic supplement for sexual and reproductive dysfunctions for a long time in oriental society. In this article, the in vitro and in vivo effects of C. sinensis and cordycepin on mouse Leydig cell steroidogenesis are briefly described, the stimulatory mechanisms are summarized, and the recent findings related to the alternative substances regulating male reproductive functions are also discussed.
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903860/a-review-of-synthetic-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-pde-5i-found-as-adulterants-in-dietary-supplements
#5
REVIEW
Chee-Leong Kee, Xiaowei Ge, Véronique Gilard, Myriam Malet-Martino, Min-Yong Low
To date, there are 80 synthetic PDE-5i found as adulterants in dietary supplements. Analogues of sildenafil remain as the top list with 50 (62%) and are followed by analogues of tadalafil, 21 (26%), analogues of vardenafil, 7 (9%) and others, 2 (3%). The sildenafil group can be sub-categorized into sulphonamide-bonded (24, 48%), acetyl-bonded (11, 22%), carbonyl or thiocarbonyl-bonded (8, 16%) and other types (7, 14%) based on the functional group linked to pyrazolopyrimidine-one moieties. Meanwhile, analogues of tadalafil have become popularly found as adulterants in dietary supplements like beverages and herbal extracts from 2015 to 2016...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903675/interactive-effects-of-obvious-and-ambiguous-social-categories-on-perceptions-of-leadership-when-double-minority-status-may-be-beneficial
#6
John Paul Wilson, Jessica D Remedios, Nicholas O Rule
Easily perceived identities (e.g., race) may interact with perceptually ambiguous identities (e.g., sexual orientation) in meaningful but elusive ways. Here, we investigated how intersecting identities impact impressions of leadership. People perceived gay Black men as better leaders than members of either single-minority group (i.e., gay or Black). Yet, different traits supported judgments of the leadership abilities of Black and White targets; for instance, warmth positively predicted leadership judgments for Black men but dominance positively predicted leadership judgments for White men...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903670/daily-autonomy-support-and-sexual-identity-disclosure-predicts-daily-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#7
Nicole Legate, Richard M Ryan, Ronald D Rogge
Using a daily diary methodology, we examined how social environments support or fail to support sexual identity disclosure, and associated mental and physical health outcomes. Results showed that variability in disclosure across the diary period related to greater psychological well-being and fewer physical symptoms, suggesting potential adaptive benefits to selectively disclosing. A multilevel path model indicated that perceiving autonomy support in conversations predicted more disclosure, which in turn predicted more need satisfaction, greater well-being, and fewer physical symptoms that day...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901825/beyond-homonegativity-understanding-hong-kong-people-s-attitudes-about-social-acceptance-of-gay-lesbian-people-sexual-orientation-discrimination-protection-and-same-sex-marriage
#8
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
This study examined attitudes about social acceptance, discrimination protection, and marriage equality for gay/lesbian people with a representative sample of 1,008 Hong Kong Chinese adults via a telephone survey. Despite majority endorsement of homosexuality (52.29% positive vs 34.12% negative) and discrimination protection (50.77% favorable vs 14.62% opposed), attitudes toward same-sex marriage diverged (32.72% favorable vs 39.45% opposed). There was a sharp distinction in accepting gay/lesbian people as co-workers (83...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888397/social-reorganization-and-biological-change-an-examination-of-stature-variation-among-iron-age-samnites-from-abruzzo-central-italy
#9
Vitale Stefano Sparacello, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Vincenzo d'Ercole, Alfredo Coppa
Stature is a sensitive indicator of overall environmental quality experienced during growth and development, and can provide insights on a population's 'well-being'. This study investigated changes in estimated adult stature in a large (N=568) sample of Samnite Iron Age (800-27 BCE) people from central Italy, during a period of increasing sociopolitical complexity. Stature was analyzed diachronically, between sexes, and across social strata inferred using the 'Status Index' based on funerary treatment. It was expected: 1) a decrease in stature from the Orientalizing-Archaic period (O-A) to the fifth century BC (V SEC) and the following Hellenistic period (ELL), due to population increase and urbanization; 2) social status to positively influence the attainment of the full stature potential; 3) sexual dimorphism to be higher in more stratified groups...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886468/do-drives-drive-the-train-of-thought-effects-of-hunger-and-sexual-arousal-on-mind-wandering-behavior
#10
Jan Rummel, Laura Nied
Physiological needs that are currently unfulfilled are known to affect human cognition and behavior. The present study investigates whether and how the temporary activation of two primary physiological needs, namely hunger and sexual arousal, influence both the frequency and the contents of mind-wandering episodes. To induce hunger, one group of participants fasted for a minimum of five hours whereas another group of participants was exposed to audio material with explicit sexual content to provoke sexual arousal...
September 5, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885134/gay-seouls-expanding-religious-spaces-for-non-heterosexuals-in-south-korea
#11
Joseph Yi, Gowoon Jung, Saul Serna Segura, Joe Phillips, Jerry Z Park
What sorts of Protestant Christian congregations offer space for worship and dialogue among persons with different sexual orientations? The academic literature finds or assumes that non-heterosexuals are stigmatized or invisible in theologically conservative congregations and are welcomed in progressive, affirming congregations. This article develops an alternative claim that some conservative or evangelical congregations offer attractive spaces for many non-heterosexuals to worship and dialogue. We illustrate with an exploratory study of four, inclusive congregations in South Korea-two theologically progressive, two evangelical-whose pastors welcomed everybody regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885100/recent-suicide-attempts-across-multiple-social-identities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-an-intersectionality-analysis
#12
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway Hottes, Olena Hankivsky, Terry Trussler, John Oliffe, Rick Marchand
This study draws from intersectionality to describe variations in recent suicide attempts (RSA) among gay and bisexual men (GBM) across socio-demographics. Using survey data, logistic regression modeling explored RSA in two analytical stages: A) the individual effects of each socio-demographic were measured; B) two-way interaction terms between socio-demographic were tested and added to the models created in stage A. In stage A, only education and income achieved significance. In stage B, the study found that: 1) Education and income interacted significantly such that the odds of RSA increased for those with a lower income and a lower education; 2) Sexual orientation and partnership status interacted resulting in decreased odds among bisexual men in heterosexual partnerships; 3) Income and education interacted with geography; the effects of these variables were significant only among urban men...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877047/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-focus-on-sexuality
#13
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken, Daniel Schöttle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The combination of the core symptoms, characterizing individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), can lead to problems in romantic relationships and sexual functioning. The purpose of this article is to review studies on sexuality in individuals with ASD published since January 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals with ASD and especially women show a higher diversity in sexual orientation in comparison with the non-ASD population. Furthermore, ASD women are more frequently in a relationship and usually report more previous sexual experiences...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876322/wisdom-of-the-crowds-crowd-based-development-of-a-logo-for-a-conference-using-a-crowdsourcing-contest
#14
Jason J Ong, Jade E Bilardi, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Crowdsourcing methods have been widely used in business, but rarely in sexual health research. We evaluated a crowdsourced logo contest as part of an international human immunodeficiency virus conference. METHODS: A logo crowdsourcing contest was conducted for the 20th International Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Conference. Crowdsourcing has a group of individuals solve a task, often as part of an open contest. Semistructured interviews were conducted with key informants including contest organizers, contest contributors, and conference attendees...
June 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876167/sexual-orientation-based-discrimination-excessive-alcohol-use-and-substance-use-disorders-among-sexual-minority-adults
#15
Megan E Slater, Dionne Godette, Boji Huang, W June Ruan, Bradley T Kerridge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual orientation-based discrimination and excessive alcohol use and substance use disorders and to identify how these relationships differ by sexual identity, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and education among sexual minorities. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze associations between discrimination and substance use measures among 1351 gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure adults from a nationally representative survey...
September 6, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875070/dinosaur-origin-of-egg-color-oviraptors-laid-blue-green-eggs
#16
Jasmina Wiemann, Tzu-Ruei Yang, Philipp N Sander, Marion Schneider, Marianne Engeser, Stephanie Kath-Schorr, Christa E Müller, P Martin Sander
Protoporphyrin (PP) and biliverdin (BV) give rise to the enormous diversity in avian egg coloration. Egg color serves several ecological purposes, including post-mating signaling and camouflage. Egg camouflage represents a major character of open-nesting birds which accomplish protection of their unhatched offspring against visually oriented predators by cryptic egg coloration. Cryptic coloration evolved to match the predominant shades of color found in the nesting environment. Such a selection pressure for the evolution of colored or cryptic eggs should be present in all open nesting birds and relatives...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#17
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872338/perceptions-of-valence-and-arousal-uniquely-contribute-to-perceptions-of-ambiguous-group-membership-from-faces
#18
Konstantin O Tskhay, Nicholas O Rule
Although previous research has considered the role of emotional valence in the perception and communication of group membership, the influence of perceived emotional arousal remains relatively unexplored. Here, we examined how valence and arousal simultaneously contribute to perceptions of sexual orientation and political affiliation at 3 distinct levels of analysis: within perceivers, between perceivers, and between targets. We found that valence distinguished targets best, reflecting socioemotional stereotypes, whereas arousal largely accounted for individual differences among perceivers, suggesting that perceptions of group membership partly depend on how each perceiver evaluates targets' level of arousal...
September 4, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867823/studying-sex-a-content-analysis-of-sexuality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#19
Candice Crowell, Della V Mosley, Danelle Stevens-Watkins
Using a sex positive framework, the authors conducted a 61-year (1954-2015) content analysis of sexuality research in the flagship counseling psychology journals, the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist. Given counseling psychology's core strengths- and multiculturalism-related values, this study aimed to uncover which human sexuality topics were published most, whether publications aligned with a sex positive, neutral, or negative discourse, what methodologies were used, and differences in how populations were investigated across race...
May 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866791/comparing-perceived-effectiveness-of-fda-proposed-cigarette-packaging-graphic-health-warnings-between-sexual-and-gender-minorities-and-heterosexual-adults
#20
Andy S L Tan, Cabral A Bigman, Rebekah H Nagler, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration proposed nine graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packaging that were rated equally effective across racial/ethnic, education, or income groups of adult smokers. However, data on GHW effectiveness among sexual and gender minority (SGM) adults, who have higher smoking prevalence, are currently lacking. This study analyzed whether perceived effectiveness of GHWs differed by gender and sexual orientation. METHODS: Data came from a randomized experiment among 1,200 adults with an oversample from low socioeconomic status groups, conducted between 2013 and 2014 in three Massachusetts communities...
September 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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