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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632081/meeting-other-moms-lesbian-adoptive-mothers-relationships-with-other-parents-at-school-and-beyond
#1
Abbie E Goldberg, Reihonna L Frost, Melissa H Manley, Kaitlin A Black
Little research has examined the friendships of lesbian parents, especially within the context of children's schools. This study of 40 lesbian adoptive parents (20 couples) focused on their relationships with other parents in the school community and how sexual orientation, race, and class dynamics impacted these relationships. Half of the participants described friendships with parents at the school, sometimes in spite of demographic differences, whereas others felt disconnected due to these differences. Outside of school, most participants reported friendships with other lesbian/gay parents...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#2
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628149/-present-situation-of-awareness-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-knowledge-and-aids-related-behaviors-among-youth-students-in-gay-dating-sites
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and AIDS-related behaviors among youth students in gay dating sites, and to provide evidences for AIDS prevention education through the internet. METHODS: The students in gay dating sites, selected by a snowball sampling, were interviewed by questionnaires. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the awareness of AIDS knowledge among the students of different characteristics...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625119/sociodemographic-and-health-profile-of-heterosexual-men-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada
#4
Kristen M Wheeler, Tony Antoniou, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Ramandip Grewal, Jason Globerman, Winston Husbands, Ann N Burchell
In Ontario, Canada, the number of heterosexual men living with HIV has increased over time, yet they remain an understudied population. The study objective was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of this population, using data from a multisite clinical cohort of patients receiving HIV care. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of men interviewed between 2010 and 2012 were compared according to their self-identified sexual orientation, followed by multivariable linear and logistic regression to assess the association of sexual orientation with CD4 cell count, viral load, hepatitis C co-infection, self-rated health, and mental health concerns after adjustment for covariates...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608293/fraternal-birth-order-family-size-and-male-homosexuality-meta-analysis-of-studies-spanning-25%C3%A2-years
#5
Ray Blanchard
The fraternal birth order effect is the tendency for older brothers to increase the odds of homosexuality in later-born males. This study compared the strength of the effect in subjects from small versus large families and in homosexual subjects with masculine versus feminine gender identities. Meta-analyses were conducted on 30 homosexual and 30 heterosexual groups from 26 studies, totaling 7140 homosexual and 12,837 heterosexual males. The magnitude of the fraternal birth order effect was measured with a novel variable, the Older Brothers Odds Ratio, computed as (homosexuals' older brothers ÷ homosexuals' other siblings) ÷ (heterosexuals' older brothers ÷ heterosexuals' other siblings), where other siblings = older sisters + younger brothers + younger sisters...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606288/factors-associated-with-unwanted-sexual-experiences-of-young-australian-females-an-observational-study
#6
Asvini K Subasinghe, Yasmin L Jayasinghe, John D Wark, Alexandra Gorelik, Suzanne M Garland
Background: Behavioural and lifestyle factors associated with childhood unwanted sexual experiences (USE) have yet to be investigated in Australian females aged less than 18 years. Methods: Women aged 16-25 years living in Victoria were recruited via targeted advertising on Facebook. A web-based validated questionnaire was used to collect information on participant demographics, mental health, USE and sexual behaviours. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between a history of childhood (<16 years) and adolescent (16-18 years) USE and indices of sexual orientation...
June 13, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604439/what-factors-are-associated-with-receiving-a-recommendation-to-get-tested-for-hiv-by-health-care-providers-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Wilson Vincent, Willi McFarland, H Fisher Raymond
BACKGROUND: The approach of treatment as prevention for reducing HIV incidence and prevalence hinges on early detection of HIV infection and treatment to achieve viral suppression and, thus, to reduce HIV transmissibility. However, men who have sex with men (MSM), who are at greater risk of HIV infection than the average adult in the United States, are often not tested because many providers do not provide routine opt-out testing or even recommend HIV testing. METHODS: In a sample of 244 MSM in San Francisco, CA, this study examined whether (1) sociodemographic characteristics (ie, youth, education, employment status, being African American, being Latino), (2) health care access and utilization, and (3) participants disclosing their sexual orientation to their health care providers were associated with their odds of having received a recommendation from a health care provider for HIV testing...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601749/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#8
Kasim Ortiz, Jamal Mamkherzi, Ramzi Salloum, Alicia K Matthews, Wasim Maziak
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined differences in waterpipe smoking (both lifetime and current) comparing sexual minority populations - those identifying with lesbian, gay, or bisexual identity - to their heterosexual counterparts using a nationally representative dataset. METHODS: The current study used pooled data from the 2012-2013 & 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS). Log-Poisson multivariable regression models were deployed to determine the prevalence of waterpipe smoking behavior among sexual minority individuals controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and stratified by current gender status...
June 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601620/sexual-orientation-health-inequality-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-longitudinal-household-study
#9
Cara L Booker, Gerulf Rieger, Jennifer B Unger
Few studies from the United Kingdom have fully investigated inequalities between members of different sexual minority groups and heterosexuals over range of health outcomes. Using data from over 40,000 individuals, this study explores the health inequalities of sexual minority UK adults. We include respondents who identify as other and those who prefer not to say (PNS). Data come from wave three (2011-2012) of the nationally-representative Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Sexual orientation was asked in the self-completion portion of the study...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598550/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mistimed-and-unwanted-pregnancy-among-adult-women
#10
Bethany G Everett, Katharine F McCabe, Tonda L Hughes
CONTEXT: Many sexual minority women, regardless of sexual identity, engage in heterosexual behavior across the life course, which provides them opportunities to experience an unintended pregnancy. In addition, sexual minority women are more likely than others to report characteristics that may make them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Little research, however, has examined whether the risk of unintended pregnancy is elevated among these women. METHODS: Using data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, logistic regression models were fitted to examine sexual orientation disparities in mistimed and unwanted pregnancies among 9,807 women aged 20-45; mixed-effects hazard models assessed disparities in the intention status of 5,238 pregnancies among these women by maternal sexual orientation...
June 9, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597143/sexual-orientation-gender-identity-and-romantic-relationships-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
J Dewinter, H De Graaf, S Begeer
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with ASD, especially women, reported sexual attraction to both same- and opposite-sex partners. About half of the participants with ASD was in a relationship (heterosexual in most cases) and most of them lived with their partner...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596902/the-effect-of-gender-norms-on-the-association-between-violence-and-hope-among-girls-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#12
L Stark, K Asghar, S Meyer, G Yu, T Bakemore, C Poulton, K Falb
BACKGROUND: Girls at early stages of adolescence are vulnerable to violence victimization in humanitarian contexts, but few studies examine factors that affect girls' hope in these settings. We assessed attitudes toward traditional gender norms as an effect modifier of the relationship between violence exposure and future orientation in displaced girls. METHODS: Secondary analysis, using multivariable regression of cross-sectional data from girls ages 10-14 in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594462/determinants-of-sexual-function-and-dysfunction-in-men-and-women-with-stroke-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Wendy Dusenbury, Pernille Palm Johansen, Victoria Mosack, Elaine E Steinke
AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to examine determinants of sexual function and dysfunction in men and women poststroke, and to evaluate effectiveness of interventions. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the databases of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Psychinfo, for studies published between January, 2000 and October, 2016. Included were original research, adult ≥18 years, English language, and experimental and non-experimental designs...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593529/bisexual-specific-minority-stressors-psychological-distress-and-suicidality-in-bisexual-individuals-the-mediating-role-of-loneliness
#14
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Bisexual individuals are at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes compared to heterosexual as well as lesbian and gay individuals and experience minority stressors, such as discrimination, from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities. However, there is little research examining the negative effects of bisexual-specific minority stressors on bisexual individuals' mental health as well as psychological factors that might help explain minority stressors' deleterious effects. This research examined the effects of distal minority stressors (i...
June 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#15
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591548/uk-healthcare-professionals
#16
Tom Nadarzynski, Carrie Llewellyn, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Helen Smith
Background: Female-only human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination will fail to protect men who have sex with men (MSM) against HPV and its sequelae (i.e. genital warts and anal cancers). In the absence of gender-neutral HPV vaccination, targeted vaccination at sexual health clinics for MSM offers a valuable preventive opportunity. This study aimed to identify sexual healthcare professionals' (HCPs) perceived barriers and facilitators for MSM-targeted HPV vaccination. Methods: Nineteen telephone interviews with UK-based self-referred HCPs (13 doctors, three nurses, three health advisers) were conducted in October and November 2014...
June 8, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585692/osgcd1-is-essential-for-rice-fertility-and-required-for-embryo-dorsal-ventral-pattern-formation-and-endosperm-development
#17
Xiaorong Huang, Xiongbo Peng, Meng-Xiang Sun
Rice fertility is critical for rice reproduction and is thus a focus of interest. Most studies have addressed male sterility and its relation to rice production. The mechanisms of regulation of embryogenesis and endosperm development are essential for rice reproduction, but remain largely unknown. Here, we report a functional analysis of the rice gene OsGCD1, which encodes a highly conserved homolog of Arabidopsis GCD1 (GAMETE CELLS DEFECTIVE1). OsGCD1 mutants were generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 system and subjected to functional analysis...
June 6, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583212/lineage-specific-expansion-and-loss-of-tyrosinase-genes-across-platyhelminths-and-their-induction-profiles-in-the-carcinogenic-oriental-liver-fluke-clonorchis-sinensis
#18
Seon-Hee Kim, Young-An Bae
Tyrosinase provides an essential activity during egg production in diverse platyhelminths by mediating sclerotization of eggshells. In this study, we investigated the genomic and evolutionary features of tyrosinases in parasitic platyhelminths whose genomic information is available. A pair of paralogous tyrosinases was detected in most trematodes, whereas they were lost in cyclophyllidean cestodes. A pseudophyllidean cestode displaying egg biology similar to that of trematodes possessed an orthologous gene...
June 6, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582451/culture-social-networks-and-hiv-vulnerability-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-indonesia
#19
Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Maria Silvia Merry, Mitra Andhini Sigilipoe, Sukma Putra, Lillian Mwanri
The current study aimed to explore cultural and social network influence on HIV vulnerability among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) population in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. A qualitative inquiry employing in-depth one-on-one interviews was carried out with 24 MSM participants in July 2015. Data were analysed using a framework analysis and guided by the Social Networks Theory (SNT) as a conceptual framework. Findings indicated that prohibitive cultural perspectives and norms against same-sex marriage made them to conceal their sexual orientation and thus secretively engaging in unprotected sex that increased their predisposition to HIV transmission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580807/adverse-childhood-environment-relationship-with-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-marital-status-in-a-large-american-sample
#20
Kermyt G Anderson
A substantial theoretical and empirical literature suggests that stressful events in childhood influence the timing and patterning of subsequent sexual and reproductive behaviors. Stressful childhood environments have been predicted to produce a life history strategy in which adults are oriented more toward short-term mating behaviors and less toward behaviors consistent with longevity. This article tests the hypothesis that adverse childhood environment will predict adult outcomes in two areas: risky sexual behavior (engagement in sexual risk behavior or having taken an HIV test) and marital status (currently married vs...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
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