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complication of infant of diabetic mother

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583101/healthcare-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-china-a-scoping-review
#3
Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with GDM are at greater risk of post-natal complications. Using the most updated diagnosis criteria, the GDM prevalence is estimated at 9.3-25.5% worldwide and 9.3-18.9% in China. Our objective was to identify healthcare interventions aimed at GDM prevention and control in China...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578169/maternal-race-and-intergenerational-preterm-birth-recurrence
#4
Marcela C Smid, Jong Hyung Lee, Jacqueline H Grant, Gandarvaka Miles, Gregory J Stoddard, Derek A Chapman, Tracy A Manuck
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a complex disorder with a heritable genetic component. Studies of primarily white women born preterm show that they have an increased risk of subsequently delivering preterm. This risk of intergenerational preterm birth is poorly defined among black women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate and compare intergenerational preterm birth risk among non-Hispanic black and white mothers. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study, using the Virginia Intergenerational Linked Birth File...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532193/glycated-albumin-level-during-late-pregnancy-as-a-predictive-factor-for-neonatal-outcomes-of-women-with-diabetes
#5
Daisuke Sugawara, Atsuko Kawano, Kohei Nagai, Hiroaki Sato, Ko Ichihashi
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between glycated albumin (GA) in diabetic mothers and complications in their children, and determine GA cut-off values for predicting complications in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital-based case-control study involved 71 Japanese diabetic mothers and their children. Mean GA values were compared between mothers of infants with and without complications, and relationship with number of complications was analyzed by Pearson's correlation...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502205/role-of-mean-platelet-volume-and-ischemia-modified-albumin-in-evaluation-of-oxidative-stress-and-its-association-with-postnatal-complications-in-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#6
Lamiaa Mohsen, Dina M Akmal, Elsayed Kamal Elsayed Ghonaim, Nermine Magdi Riad
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is accompanied by increased oxidative stress, causing many complications to pregnant women and their newborns. We aimed to determine cord blood levels of mean platelet volume (MPV) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as a reflection of oxidative stress in babies born to mothers suffering from GDM. Eighty pregnant women were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: 40 with GDM and 40 healthy matched controls. Each group included twenty giving birth by normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and twenty by cesarean section (C...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462403/determination-of-the-most-important-risk-factors-of-gestational-diabetes-in-iran-by-group-analytical-hierarchy-process
#7
Masoumeh Abbasi, Zahra Mazloum Khorasani, Kobra Etminani, Rasool Rahmanvand
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of gestational diabetes has a significant increase during recent years. This disease has complications for mother and her baby. Screening is an opportunity for preventing of gestational diabetes complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to determine the most important risk factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in Iran according to the expert's views by Group Analytical Hierarchy Process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, papers related to the prevalence and risk factors of GDM in Iran from 1992-2015 were reviewed...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451583/pregnancy-an-underutilized-window-of-opportunity-to-improve-long-term-maternal-and-infant-health-an-appeal-for-continuous-family-care-and-interdisciplinary-communication
#8
REVIEW
Birgit Arabin, Ahmet A Baschat
Physiologic adaptations during pregnancy unmask a woman's predisposition to diseases. Complications are increasingly predicted by first-trimester algorithms, amplify a pre-existing maternal phenotype and accelerate risks for chronic diseases in the offspring up to adulthood (Barker hypothesis). Recent evidence suggests that vice versa, pregnancy diseases also indicate maternal and even grandparent's risks for chronic diseases (reverse Barker hypothesis). Pub-Med and Embase were reviewed for Mesh terms "fetal programming" and "pregnancy complications combined with maternal disease" until January 2017...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435650/postnatal-transitional-weight-loss-and-adverse-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates
#9
Rita P Verma, Syed Shibli, Eugene Komaroff
The early postnatal weight loss (EPWL) is highly variable in the extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight <1000 g, ELBW). It is reported to be unassociated with adverse outcomes within a range of 3-21% of birth weight. Its wide range might have contributed to this lack of association. The aim of our paper is to study the effects of maximum EPWL, graded as low, medium and large on clinical outcomes in ELBW infants. In a retrospective cohort observational study EPWL was measured as maximum weight loss from birth weight (MWL) in ELBW infants and grouped as low (5-12%) moderate (18...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409211/risks-of-asphyxia-related-neonatal-complications-in-offspring-of-mothers-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes-the-impact-of-maternal-overweight-and-obesity
#10
Sven Cnattingius, Anna Lindam, Martina Persson
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to compare the risks of severe asphyxia-related neonatal complications in the offspring of mothers with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and to assess the impact of maternal overweight/obesity on these risks. METHODS: This was a population-based study of 1,343,751 live-born singleton infants in Sweden between 1997 and 2011, including 5941 and 711 infants of mothers with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, respectively. ORs with 95% CIs were calculated for low Apgar score (0-6) at 5 min after birth, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and neonatal seizures...
April 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407825/-effect-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-syndrome-on-complications-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#11
Song-Zhou Xu, Xiao-Yan Hu, Fang Zhao, Yu-Xin Zhou, Shuang-Chuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIH) on complications in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: The VLBW preterm infants were enrolled as research subjects, and according to the presence or absence of PIH in their mothers, they were divided into PIH group and non- PIH group. The incidence of major complications and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in gestational age, birth weight, sex, incidence rate of maternal diabetes, and use of antepartum hormone...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395175/oxygen-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#12
REVIEW
Isabel Torres-Cuevas, Anna Parra-Llorca, Angel Sánchez-Illana, Antonio Nuñez-Ramiro, Julia Kuligowski, Consuelo Cháfer-Pericás, María Cernada, Justo Escobar, Máximo Vento
Fetal life evolves in a hypoxic environment. Changes in the oxygen content in utero caused by conditions such as pre-eclampsia or type I diabetes or by oxygen supplementation to the mother lead to increased free radical production and correlate with perinatal outcomes. In the fetal-to-neonatal transition asphyxia is characterized by intermittent periods of hypoxia ischemia that may evolve to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy associated with neurocognitive, motor, and neurosensorial impairment. Free radicals generated upon reoxygenation may notably increase brain damage...
August 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260766/perinatal-complications-in-diabetes-mellitus-with-pregnancy-comparison-between-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-diabetes-mellitus-prior-to-pregnancy
#13
F B Rashid, H Khatoon, M A Hasnat, R Amin, A K Azad
Diabetes is alarmingly high among Bangladeshi people. But there have been very few studies assessing the effect of diabetes on perinatal outcomes, particularly comparing diabetes prior to pregnancy and gestational diabetes (GDM). This cross sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2010 to February 2011. Pregnant women admitted in BIRDEM Hospital for delivery after 28 weeks of gestation were selected to assess perinatal complications of GDM and diabetes prior to pregnancy and to compare them after taking permission from institutional review board...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#14
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157383/biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-pregnancy-complications
#15
James Sm Cuffe, Ziheng Calvin Xu, Anthony V Perkins
Pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia, gestational-diabetes mellitus, preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction can cause acute and chronic health problems for the mother and lead to fetal loss or dysregulation of infant physiology. The human placenta is susceptible to oxidative stress and oxidative damage in early gestation contributes to the onset of these conditions later in pregnancy. Current methods of predicting pregnancy complications are limited and although a large number of factors are associated with disease progression, few biomarkers have been used to aid in disease diagnosis early in gestation...
March 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997654/association-between-the-birth-of-an-infant-with-major-congenital-anomalies-and-subsequent-risk-of-mortality-in-their-mothers
#17
Eyal Cohen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Joel G Ray, Lars Pedersen, Nancy Adler, Anne Gulbech Ording, Paul H Wise, Arnold Milstein, Henrik Toft Sørensen
Importance: Giving birth to a child with a major birth defect is a serious life event for a woman, yet little is known about the long-term health consequences for the mother. Objective: To assess whether birth of an infant born with a major congenital anomaly was associated with higher maternal risk of mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study (n = 455 250 women) used individual-level linked Danish registry data for mothers who gave birth to an infant with a major congenital anomaly (41 508) between 1979 and 2010, with follow-up until December 31, 2014...
December 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959282/neonates-of-diabetic-mothers-the-starting-point-for-developing-novel-therapeutic-approaches-to-ischemic-heart-and-brain
#18
Raffaella Mormile
Diabetes mellitus represents the most common medical condition causing complications during pregnancy. However, there is still some controversy surrounding complications. Maternal hyperglycemia leads to fetal hyperglycemia. Offspring of diabetic mothers compensate excess glucose concentrations by producing higher levels of insulin causing transient hyperinsulinemia. Infants of diabetic mothers are at risk for congenital cardiac malformations, of which 40% are with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, regardless of severity, cardiac hypertrophy is transient with echocardiographic resolution within the first months after birth...
November 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928892/is-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drinks-during-pregnancy-associated-with-birth-weight
#19
Jacob H Grundt, Geir Egil Eide, Anne-Lise Brantsaeter, Margaretha Haugen, Trond Markestad
In Norway, there were parallel increases and subsequent decreases in birth weight (BW) and consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks (SSC) during the period 1990-2010, and by an ecological approach, we have suggested that the relationship was causal. The objective of this study was to examine if such a relationship was present in a prospectively followed cohort of pregnant women. The study population included 62,494 term singleton mother-infant dyads in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), a national prospective cohort study in Norway from 1999 to 2008...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864335/effects-of-maternal-obesity-on-placental-function-and-fetal-development
#20
REVIEW
Kristy R Howell, Theresa L Powell
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions, and pregnancies in obese mothers have increased risk for complications including gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, pre-term birth and caesarian section. Children born to obese mothers are at increased risk of obesity and metabolic disease and are susceptible to develop neuropsychiatric and cognitive disorders. Changes in placental function not only play a critical role in the development of pregnancy complications but may also be involved in linking maternal obesity to long-term health risks in the infant...
March 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
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