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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725628/perspectives-on-reflexology-a-qualitative-approach
#1
Nurul Haswani Embong, Yee Chang Soh, Long Chiau Ming, Tin Wui Wong
INTRODUCTION: Reflexology is the systematic practice of applying some pressure to particular points on the feet and hands to impact on health of related parts of the body. OBJECTIVE: To explore the practitioners' perspectives of reflexology in Malaysia. METHODS: Data was collected using face-to-face semi-structured interviews with practitioners in Malaysia. The interviews were conducted in the Malay language and recorded. Interview conversations were translated and transcribed verbatim...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724153/actual-and-standardized-patient-evaluations-of-medical-students-skills
#2
Amelia L Sattler, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Steven Y Lin, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians must communicate effectively with patients. Actual patients (APs) rarely evaluate medical students' clinical skills; instead, standardized patients (SPs) provide proxy ratings. It is unclear how well SP ratings mirror AP experiences. The aim of this study was to compare AP and SP assessments of medical students' communication skills and professionalism. We hypothesized that their perspectives would be similar, but distinct, and offer insight about how to more reliably include the patient's voice in medical education...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711454/common-vocal-effects-and-partial-glottal-vibration-in-professional-nonclassical-singers
#3
Philipp P Caffier, Ahmed Ibrahim Nasr, Maria Del Mar Ropero Rendon, Sascha Wienhausen, Eleanor Forbes, Wolfram Seidner, Tadeus Nawka
OBJECTIVE: To multidimensionally investigate common vocal effects in experienced professional nonclassical singers, to examine their mechanism of production and reproducibility, to demonstrate the existence of partial glottal vibration, and to assess the potential of damage to the voice from nonclassical singing. STUDY DESIGN: Individual cohort study. METHODS: Ten male singers aged between 25 and 46 years (34 ± 7 years [mean ± SD]) with different stylistic backgrounds were recruited (five pop/rock/metal, five musical theater)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694680/developing-a-tailored-texting-preventive-intervention-a-card-sort-methodology
#4
Jordan M Braciszewski, Tanya B Tran, Roland S Moore, Beth C Bock, Golfo K Tzilos, Patricia Chamberlain, Robert L Stout
PURPOSE: Intervention content written by adults for youth can result in miscommunication due to generational and cultural differences. Inviting at-risk youth to participate in the creation of intervention material can augment acceptability for their peers. METHODS: To improve intervention messaging, the present study examines the utility of a card sort technique when creating cellular phone text messages to be used in a preventive substance use intervention. During focus groups with 24 youth who are exiting the foster care system - a population with distinct cultural attributes - participants were asked to rate stage of change-specific health messages rooted in Motivational Interviewing and the Transtheoretical Model...
June 2017: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#5
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689764/wula-voices-of-aboriginal-women-on-barriers-to-accepting-smoking-cessation-support-during-pregnancy-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#6
M Bovill, M Gruppetta, Y Cadet-James, M Clarke, B Bonevski, G S Gould
AIM: To gather Aboriginal women's stories of smoking and becoming pregnant to identify the barriers in accepting smoking cessation support during pregnancy. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through use of yarning methodology between August 2015 and January 2016 by an Aboriginal Researcher with experience in social and community services. A short on-line survey was used to collect quantitative data. Interviews only recorded the therapeutic yarning process, which ranged from 9 to 45min duration, averaging 30min...
July 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671180/-evaluation-of-the-notification-of-dysphonia-on-the-voice-profesionals-as-a-sentinel-event-in-navarra-period-2013-2015
#7
Sara Arrizabalaga Baigorri, Vega García López
OBJECTIVE: Among the lesions produced by the professional use of the voice since 2007, the Vocal Nodules (VN) are recognized in Spain as an Occupational Disease. With the aim of promoting its notification in Navarre, the Sentinel Program was incorporated in 2013 and, with this study, we seek to verify its efficacy. METHODS: The study population were voice professionals reported for dysphonia as sentinel events during the years 2013 to 2015 in Navarre. Its effectiveness was validated by the cumulative incidence of 100,000 workers for each of the years and Positive Predictive Value as an indicator of suspicion...
July 7, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664563/evaluating-patient-and-public-involvement-in-health-research-from-theoretical-model-to-practical-workshop
#8
Andy Gibson, Jo Welsman, Nicky Britten
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature on evaluating aspects of patient and public involvement (PPI). We have suggested that at the core of successful PPI is the dynamic interaction of different forms of knowledge, notably lay and professional. We have developed a four-dimensional theoretical framework for understanding these interactions. AIM: We explore the practical utility of the theoretical framework as a tool for mapping and evaluating the experience of PPI in health services research...
June 30, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661249/regulating-information-or-allowing-deception-pharmaceutical-sales-visits-in-canada-france-and-the-united-states
#9
Roojin Habibi, Line Guénette, Joel Lexchin, Ellen Reynolds, Mary Wiktorowicz, Barbara Mintzes
Diverse legal and regulatory measures are used internationally to control the information provided during pharmaceutical sales visits. Little is known about the comparative effectiveness of these measures however. We analyzed the perceptions of regulators, pharmaceutical industry officials, health professionals, and consumer respondents concerning these approaches in Canada, France, and the United States using an empirical realist interests-based approach. Interviews focused on the aims and effectiveness of regulation, barriers and enablers to regulation and suggestions for improvement...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661013/pain-associated-with-pressure-injury-a-qualitative-study-of-community-based-home-dwelling-individuals
#10
Debra Jackson, Lisa Durrant, Emily Bishop, Helen Walthall, Ria Betteridge, Sarah Gardner, Wendy Coulton, Marie Hutchinson, Stephen Neville, Patricia M Davidson, Kim Usher
AIMS: To provide deep insights into the pain associated with pressure injuries in home-dwelling individuals using narrative accounts. BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries or pressure ulcers are burdensome and costly. Prevalence data, surveys and systematic reviews demonstrate that pain associated with pressure injury is widespread, but voices of home-dwelling patients have remained largely unheard. DESIGN: Concurrent mixed methods case study of a UK community of approximately 50,000 adults...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657250/hearing-voices-lessons-from-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-ireland
#11
B D Kelly
The history of psychiatry is a history of therapeutic enthusiasm, with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that such enthusiasm brings. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Ireland-s public asylums were routinely overcrowded, unhygienic and, quite commonly, fatal. The asylums became all-too-convenient options for a society with an apparently insatiable hunger for institutions, incarceration and control. The emergence of clinical professionals, both medical and nursing, was inevitably a factor in this complex mix, but the effects of any search for professional prestige were dwarfed by asylum doctors' clear outrage at what the asylum system became...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#12
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638952/assessing-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-hearing-voices-network-self-help-groups
#13
Eleanor Longden, John Read, Jacqui Dillon
The Hearing Voices Network (HVN) is an influential service-user led organisation that promotes self-help as an important aspect of recovery. This study presents the first systematic assessment of the impact and effectiveness of HVN self-help groups. A customized 45-item questionnaire, the Hearing Voices Groups Survey, was sent to 62 groups affiliated with the English HVN. 101 responses were received. Group attendance was credited with a range of positive emotional, social and clinical outcomes. Aspects that were particularly valued included: opportunities to meet other voice hearers, provision of support that was unavailable elsewhere, and the group being a safe and confidential place to discuss difficult issues...
June 21, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631682/-the-combined-treatment-of-dysphonia-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-the-voice-and-speech-professions
#14
Yu E Stepanova, T V Gotovyakhina, A A Korneenkov, E E Koren'
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of homeovox for the combined treatment of small vocal cord nodules and acute laryngitis in the professional voice users. A total of 40 subjects presenting with dysphonia were examined after they were divided into two study groups and two groups of comparison depending on the nosological form of the pathological condition. The subjects comprising the study groups were given traditional therapy in the combination with the intake of homeovox whereas the patients included in the two groups of comparison received the traditional treatment alone...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631679/-the-comparative-assessment-of-the-vocal-function-in-the-professional-voice-users-and-non-occupational-voice-users-in-the-late-adulthood
#15
O G Pavlikhin, S G Romanenko, D I Krasnikova, E V Lesogorova, V S Yakovlev
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and functional condition of the voice apparatus in the elderly patients and to elaborate recommendations for the prevention of disturbances of the vocal function in the professional voice users. This comprehensive study involved 95 patients including the active professional voice users (n=48) and 45 non-occupational voice users at the age from 61 to 82 years with the employment history varying from 32 to 51 years. The study was designed to obtain the voice characteristics by means of the subjective auditory assessment, microlaryngoscopy, video laryngostroboscopy, determination of maximum phonation time (MPT), and computer-assisted acoustic analysis of the voice with the use of the MDVP Kay Pentaxy system...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628395/evaluation-of-a-companion-robot-based-on-field-tests-with-single-older-adults-in-their-homes
#16
Katalin Zsiga, András Tóth, Tamás Pilissy, Orsolya Péter, Zoltán Dénes, Gábor Fazekas
The growing number of older adults places insurmountable load on family members and professional caregivers. Assistive technology with the aid of robots can present a possible solution. The goal of this article was to test a companion robot supporting older adults in their home environments. Eight senior volunteers were involved in the field test. They all lived alone and were self-supporting. The robot was capable of providing cognitive assistance to manage the user's daily routine. Each participant used the robot for 94...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#17
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599996/a-training-model-for-improving-journalists-voice
#18
Emma Rodero, Celia Diaz-Rodriguez, Olatz Larrea
Voice education is a crucial aspect for professionals (journalists, teachers, politicians, actors, etc.) who use their voices as a working tool. The main concerns about such education are that, first, there is little awareness of the importance of voice education, and second there is little research devoted to it. The consequences of this lack of training are indeed visible in professionals who suffer voice pathologies or work with little effectiveness. This study seeks to overcome this deficiency by proposing a training model tested with a control group and a pilot study...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599994/vocal-tract-discomfort-and-voice-related-quality-of-life-in-wind-instrumentalists
#19
Juliane Cappellaro, Bárbara Costa Beber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate vocal tract discomfort and quality of life in the voice of wind instrumentalists. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study. The sample was composed of 37 musicians of the orchestra of Caxias do Sul city, RS, Brazil. The participants answered a nonstandard questionnaire about demographic and professional information, the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL), the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale, and additional items about fatigue after playing the instrument and pain in the cervical muscles...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599594/stress-as-experienced-by-people-with-dementia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#20
Barbara K Sharp
Health and social care research on stress in dementia has predominantly considered the stress experienced by family and professional carers. Focus on the person with dementia has frequently laid emphasis on the impact of stress-related behaviour on others and how such behaviour might be 'managed'. This paper describes a qualitative study which gives voice to people with dementia on the subject of stress and responds to the need for a better understanding of stress as it is experienced by people with dementia themselves...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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