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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#1
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320560/complicated-grief-knowledge-attitudes-skills-and-training-of-mental-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Anne Dodd, Suzanne Guerin, Susan Delaney, Philip Dodd
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and qualitative synthesis was undertaken to deduce the knowledge, attitudes, skills and training of mental health professionals regarding complicated grief (CG). METHODS: PsychInfo, Embase, Medline, CINAHL, PBSC, Web of Science and ERIC databases were used to identify relevant literature. Searches were executed from inception to September 2014. RESULTS: The electronic search yielded 305 results. Forty-one papers were selected for full text review, 20 were included for analysis...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314498/exploring-social-justice-in-mixed-divided-cities-from-local-to-global-learning
#3
Corey Shdaimah, Jane Lipscomb, Roni Strier, Dassi Postan-Aizik, Susan Leviton, Jody Olsen
BACKGROUND: University of Haifa and the University of Maryland, Baltimore faculty developed a parallel binational, interprofessional American-Israeli course which explores social justice in the context of increasing urban, local, and global inequities. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the course's innovative approach to critically examine how social justice is framed in mixed/divided cities from different professional perspectives (social work, health, law). Participatory methods such as photo-voice, experiential learning, and theatre of the oppressed provide students with a shared language and multiple media to express and problematize their own and others' understanding of social (in)justice and to imagine social change...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306586/voice-outcomes-post-total-laryngectomy
#4
Anne Hurren, Nick Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A consensus and body of robust evidence has developed regarding optimal laryngeal voice outcome measures. This contrasts with a lack of clarity for equivalent assessments in alaryngeal voice. Addressing this situation would enable clinicians to select the best tools currently available to facilitate research, audit and clinical practice. This is important because of the limited knowledge regarding the optimal surgical or reconstruction techniques and rehabilitation regimes for the laryngectomy population...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#5
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300984/the-voice-of-primary-care-patients-in-the-lisbon-and-tagus-valley-region-of-portugal
#6
Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Vítor M Raposo, Luis Pisco
This article was the result of a study aimed at determining the degree of user satisfaction with the care provided in the 125 Family Health Units (Unidades de Saúde Familiar - USF) and in some of the 127 Personalized Health Care Units (Unidades de Cuidados de Saúde Personalizados - UCSP) of the Region of Lisbon and Tagus Valley (LVT). A total of 20,118 questionnaires were distributed and 16,965 received (89.0% response rate). The data collection instrument used was the Europep questionnaire, essentially measuring four dimensions: medical care, non-medical care, organization of care and quality of premises...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#7
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282475/a-cross-sectional-study-of-pain-among-u-s-college-music-students-and-faculty
#8
Jeremy L Stanek, Kevin D Komes, Fred A Murdock
OBJECTIVES: Studies over recent decades have demonstrated significant performance-related pain among professional musicians. However, there have been no largescale studies to evaluate pain among college musicians. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and anatomical locations of performance-related pain among students and faculty at the college level and learn what musicians do when they have pain. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected using an online survey distributed to colleges across the United States...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277395/exploring-the-strengths-of-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#9
Jahangir Maghsoudi, HamidReza Oreyzi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses typically pay significantly more attention to the weaknesses rather than strengths of their psychiatric patients. Thus, new approaches to care are needed to discover the strengths of these patients and to provide effective encouragement during the caring process. However, little is currently known regarding the strengths that psychiatric patients possess during their illness and healing. PURPOSE: The current study aimed to explore the self-perceptions and experiences of psychiatric patients regarding their strengths...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276848/exploring-stakeholder-experiences-of-interprofessional-teamwork-in-sex-development-outpatient-clinics
#10
Caroline Sanders, Zoe Edwards, Kimberley Keegan
Adopting an interprofessional team approach to care of the child with rare conditions that can affect sex development (DSD) has been advocated by a consensus document within the last decade. In the United Kingdom, the approach appears orientated towards an interprofessional model with the integration of separate professions working in single consultations with families working collaboratively to focus on care using a person and family-centred lens. This concurrent mixed-methods UK study using questionnaires, observation, and interviews aimed to examine professionals', patients', and parents' expectations and interactions during DSD clinic...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259736/health-care-professionals-readiness-for-an-interprofessional-orthogeriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Charlotte Abrahamsen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Eva Draborg
An assessment of readiness for change can set the stage for the implementation by providing information regarding staff members' beliefs and attitudes prior to an organizational change. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess readiness for change (N = 113 employees) in a hospital on the verge of implementing an interprofessional, co-managed orthogeriatric unit. Staff members from three departments with roles related to orthogeriatric patients were invited to answer a web-based questionnaire. Our survey demonstrates that health care professionals are confident that interprofessional collaboration will be promoted by the implementation of orthogeriatric care...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241823/experiences-from-implementing-value-based-healthcare-at-a-swedish-university-hospital-an-longitudinal-interview-study
#12
Kerstin Nilsson, Fredrik Bååthe, Annette Erichsen Andersson, Ewa Wikström, Mette Sandoff
BACKGROUND: Implementing the value-based healthcare concept (VBHC) is a growing management trend in Swedish healthcare organizations. The aim of this study is to explore how representatives of four pilot project teams experienced implementing VBHC in a large Swedish University Hospital over a period of 2 years. The project teams started their work in October 2013. METHODS: An explorative and qualitative design was used, with interviews as the data collection method...
February 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241330/a-qualitative-interview-based-study-of-the-health-policy-fellowship-s-osteopathic-identity
#13
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz
CONTEXT: Since 1993, the Health Policy Fellowship (HPF) has trained osteopathic professionals in health policy and leadership. Although almost 250 fellows have graduated from the program, many of whom have assumed leadership roles within the osteopathic medical profession, the HPF has, to the authors' knowledge, never been subjected to scholarly analysis. OBJECTIVE: To understand the HPF's professional significance as a health policy and leadership training program that has enrolled mostly osteopathic physicians...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239918/what-is-a-nurse-the-francis-report-and-the-historic-voice-of-nursing
#14
Ann Bradshaw
Following the Francis report into shockingly deficient standards of care at an English hospital, this paper examines UK nurse education and revisits the premises on which the professional narrative of nursing was built. The UK government's response to the report is to introduce the "associate nurse" role, to be nationally trained to do fundamental care in place of the registered nurse, and a nursing apprenticeship scheme-on-the-job training for a nursing degree. UK nursing bodies do not address the report's recommendations in regard to registered nurse education; rather, they advocate a further perpetuation of the current system...
February 26, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237211/value-to-whom-the-patient-voice-in-the-value-discussion
#15
Eleanor M Perfetto, Elisabeth M Oehrlein, Marc Boutin, Sarah Reid, Eric Gascho
BACKGROUND: Professional societies and other organizations have recently taken a visible role trying to define treatment value via value frameworks and assessments, providing payer or provider recommendations, and potentially impacting patient access. Patient perspectives routinely differ from those of other stakeholders. Yet, it is not always apparent that patients were engaged in value framework development or assessment. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and content of the National Health Council's (NHC's) Rubric, a tool that includes criteria for evaluation of value frameworks specifically with regard to patient-centeredness and meaningful patient engagement...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218938/voices-from-family-medicine-on-becoming-a-family-physician
#16
William B Ventres
In this essay-part memoir, part reflection, and part oral history-I review my early professional development, a several years' long progression after residency training, during which I grew from functioning as a technically competent primary care doctor to being a capable and compassionate family physician. As part of that development, and with my colleague John Frey, MD, I interviewed several of the founders of the modern family medicine movement. Here I review some of their answers to the fundamental question of my early practice years: What does it mean to be a family physician? I cite some of their words of wisdom, those of particular import for me, and discuss how these words both helped me become a family physician and ring true even today as we approach the 50th anniversary of the founding of family medicine...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215407/a-simplified-vocal-profile-analysis-protocol-for-the-assessment-of-voice-quality-and-speaker-similarity
#17
Eugenia San Segundo, Jose A Mompean
OBJECTIVES: A simplified perceptual protocol for the assessment of voice quality (VQ) is attempted based on the Vocal Profile Analysis (VPA) scheme, with the aim of alleviating typical issues associated with the multidimensionality of VQ and enabling an easy quantification of speaker similarity. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four non-pathological male speakers (12 monozygotic twin pairs) of Standard Peninsular Spanish were perceptually evaluated by two trained phoneticians using the simplified VPA (SVPA)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202319/the-women-s-empower-survey-women-s-knowledge-and-awareness-of-treatment-options-for-vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy-remains-inadequate
#18
Michael Krychman, Shelli Graham, Brian Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin, Sheryl A Kingsberg
INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal women's knowledge about vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) and available treatment options has historically been inadequate. Recent direct-to-consumer marketing and educational efforts would have been expected to increase awareness and treatment options. AIM: To compare results of the Women's EMPOWER survey with other available VVA surveys to assess progress in women's understanding and approaches to treatment of VVA. METHODS: The Women's EMPOWER survey, an internet-based survey of US women with VVA symptoms, assessed women's awareness of VVA and their behaviors and attitudes associated with symptom treatment...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#19
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178858/technology-based-tools-and-services-for-people-with-dementia-and-carers-mapping-technology-onto-the-dementia-care-pathway
#20
Klara Lorenz, Paul P Freddolino, Adelina Comas-Herrera, Martin Knapp, Jacqueline Damant
The extent to which technology may be able to support people with dementia and their carers along the care pathway and in different care settings is of interest to policy makers and governments. In this paper we provide an overview of the role of technology in dementia care, treatment and support by mapping existing technologies - by function, target user and disease progression. Technologies identified are classified into seven functions: memory support, treatment, safety and security, training, care delivery, social interaction and other...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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