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Professional voice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341347/employing-the-arts-for-knowledge-production-and-translation-visualizing-new-possibilities-for-women-speaking-up-about-safety-concerns-in-maternity
#1
Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall, Claire Collison, Wendy Carter, James Harris
OBJECTIVES: This project used animated film to translate research findings into accessible health information aimed at enabling women to speak up and secure professional help for serious safety concerns during pregnancy and after birth. We tested as proof of concept our use of the arts both as product (knowledge production) and process (enabling involvement). BACKGROUND: Emergencies during pregnancy and birth, while unusual, can develop rapidly and unexpectedly, with catastrophic consequences...
January 17, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336870/trends-in-singing-voice-research-an-innovative-approach
#2
Pedro Melo Pestana, Vaz Freitas Susana, Maria Conceição Manso
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to trace and describe research patterns in singing voice, to compare the amount of published research over time, to identify journals that published most papers on "singing voice," and to establish the most frequent research topics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study uses qualitative and quantitative approaches through descriptive statistics, text mining, and clustering. The authors conducted a search to identify scientific papers...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334962/developing-a-tablet-computer-based-application-app-to-measure-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-in-indigenous-australians
#3
K S Kylie Lee, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Robert Assan, Noel Hayman, Tanya Chikritzhs, Dennis Gray, Edward Wilkes, Peter Jack GradDipIndigH, Katherine M Conigrave
BACKGROUND: The challenges of assessing alcohol consumption can be greater in Indigenous communities where there may be culturally distinct approaches to communication, sharing of drinking containers and episodic patterns of drinking. This paper discusses the processes used to develop a tablet computer-based application ('App') to collect a detailed assessment of drinking patterns in Indigenous Australians. The key features of the resulting App are described. METHODS: An iterative consultation process was used (instead of one-off focus groups), with Indigenous cultural experts and clinical experts...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329040/do-adverse-life-events-at-first-onset-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-influence-subsequent-voice-characteristics-results-from-an-epidemiological-study
#4
Josef J Bless, Frank Larøi, Julien Laloyaux, Kristiina Kompus, Bodil Kråkvik, Einar Vedul-Kjelsås, Anne Martha Kalhovde, Kenneth Hugdahl
Understanding what happens at first onset of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) is extremely important on a clinical and theoretical level. Previous studies have only focused on age with regard to first onset of AVHs. In the current epidemiological study, we examined a number of aspects relating to first onset of AVHs, such as the role of adverse life events at first onset of AVHs on symptom severity and general mental health. For this purpose, we compared participants who reported adverse life events at first onset of AHVs (adverse-trigger group; N = 76) to those that did not report any specific events at first onset of AVHs (no-adverse-trigger group; N = 59) on a large array of variables...
December 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327409/cultural-aspects-of-pain-a-study-of-indian-asian-women-in-the-uk
#5
Stephanie Holt, Jackie Waterfield
OBJECTIVES: Culture and ethnicity are acknowledged as important factors in the context of the biopsychosocial model. They may contribute to explaining the experience of pain, therapeutic encounters within healthcare, and the strategies that individuals use to cope with pain. The present study explored these issues in a sample of Indian Asian women in the UK. METHODS: Based on a phenomenological approach, 17 women participated in five semi-structured group interviews...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325579/the-return-of-the-iberian-lynx-to-portugal-local-voices
#6
Margarida Lopes-Fernandes, Clara Espírito-Santo, Amélia Frazão-Moreira
BACKGROUND: Ethnographic research can help to establish dialog between conservationists and local people in reintroduction areas. Considering that predator reintroductions may cause local resistance, we assessed attitudes of different key actor profiles to the return of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) to Portugal before reintroduction started in 2015. We aimed to characterize a social context from an ethnoecological perspective, including factors such as local knowledge, perceptions, emotions, and opinions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310885/characteristics-of-a-treatment-seeking-population-in-a-private-practice-community-voice-clinic-an-epidemiologic-study
#7
Christopher R Watts, Kristie Knickerbocker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate epidemiologic characteristics of a treatment-seeking population referred to a private practice community voice clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patient files representing evaluation referrals over a 28-month period were reviewed. Variables tabulated from records included disorder diagnosis, age, gender, perceptual voice quality ratings, and self-perceived voice handicap at initial evaluation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300394/screening-value-of-v-rqol-in-the-evaluation-of-occupational-voice-disorders
#8
Joanna Morawska, Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Given the growing number of occupational voice users, easy and quick broad-scale screening is necessary to provide prophylaxis of voice disorders. The aim of the study was to assess applicability of the Voice Related Quality of Life questionnaire (V-RQOL) to screening occupational voice disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research comprised 284 subjects divided into 3 groups: 0 - the control group of normophonic subjects, non-professional voice users (N = 60), 1 - occupational voice users with objectively confirmed voice disorders (N = 124), 2 - the non-randomized group of occupational voice users with and without voice problems (N = 100)...
December 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291085/emotion-appraisal-dimensions-inferred-from-vocal-expressions-are-consistent-across-cultures-a-comparison-between-australia-and-india
#9
Henrik Nordström, Petri Laukka, Nutankumar S Thingujam, Emery Schubert, Hillary Anger Elfenbein
This study explored the perception of emotion appraisal dimensions on the basis of speech prosody in a cross-cultural setting. Professional actors from Australia and India vocally portrayed different emotions (anger, fear, happiness, pride, relief, sadness, serenity and shame) by enacting emotion-eliciting situations. In a balanced design, participants from Australia and India then inferred aspects of the emotion-eliciting situation from the vocal expressions, described in terms of appraisal dimensions (novelty, intrinsic pleasantness, goal conduciveness, urgency, power and norm compatibility)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288310/long-lasting-voice-related-symptoms-in-patients-without-vocal-cord-palsy-after-thyroidectomy
#10
Choung-Soo Kim, Jun Ook Park, Ja-Sung Bae, So-Hee Lee, Young-Hoon Joo, Young-Hak Park, Yeon-Shin Hwang, Mi-Ran Shim, Dong-Il Sun
BACKGROUND: Some patients complain of long-lasting voice symptoms after thyroid surgery without objective vocal fold pathology. We assessed the factors that may influence voice symptoms more than 12 months after thyroidectomy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 68 patients from July 2010 to May 2012. The voices of all patients were analyzed before and after thyroid surgery (2 weeks and 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 months after surgery). According to the recovery of postoperative voice symptoms, patients were divided into two groups: the non-recovery group and the recovery group...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287684/f0-characteristics-of-newsreaders-on-varied-emotional-texts-in-tamil-language
#11
Nishanthi Gunasekaran, Prakash Boominathan, Jayashree Seethapathy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to profile speaking F0 and its variations in newsreaders on varied emotional texts. STUDY DESIGN: This study has a prospective, case-control study design. METHODS: Fifteen professional newsreaders and 15 non-newsreaders were the participants. The participants read the news bulletin that conveyed different emotions (shock, neutral, happy, and sad) in a habitual and "newsreading" voice. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and F0 variations were extracted from 1620 tokens using Praat software (version 5...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286944/update-of-a-systematic-review-of-autoresuscitation-after-cardiac-arrest
#12
Laura Hornby, Sonny Dhanani, Sam D Shemie
OBJECTIVES: There has been a growth in publications focusing on the phenomena of autoresuscitation in recent years. In 2010, we systematically reviewed the medical literature with the primary objective of summarizing the evidence on the timing of autoresuscitation. Healthcare professionals have continued to voice concerns regarding the potential for autoresuscitation. With this in mind, the objective of this brief report is to update the results of our original review of autoresuscitation...
December 26, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284325/fathers-raising-motherless-children-widowed-men-give-voice-to-their-lived-experiences
#13
Irene Searles McClatchey
Little is known about the experiences of widowed men with dependent children. With such limited knowledge it is not clear how mental health professionals can assist this population. In this qualitative case study the researcher describes the experiences of ten widowed fathers from the Southeastern United States as they struggle with their new parenting responsibilities after the death of their wives and their children's mothers. The researcher used an inductive constant comparative method to reveal themes. The interview data revealed three themes: Ways to Cope, Concerns, and Newfound Respect...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273658/qualitative-investigation-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-nursing-and-allied-health-professionals-involved-in-the-implementation-of-an-enriched-environment-in-an-australian-acute-stroke-unit
#14
Ingrid C M Rosbergen, Sandra G Brauer, Sarah Fitzhenry, Rohan S Grimley, Kathryn S Hayward
OBJECTIVE: An enriched environment embedded in an acute stroke unit can increase activity levels of patients who had stroke, with changes sustained 6 months post-implementation. The objective of this study was to understand perceptions and experiences of nursing and allied health professionals involved in implementing an enriched environment in an acute stroke unit. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative approach. SETTING: An acute stroke unit in a regional Australian hospital...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247438/-impact-of-functional-mass-lesions-in-professional-female-singers-biomechanics-of-vocal-fold-oscillation-in-the-register-transition-regions
#15
M Echternach, F Burk, F Rose, C T Herbst, M Burdumy, M Döllinger, B Richter
BACKGROUND: The influence of functional mass lesions on vocal fold oscillation patterns in vocally challenging tasks is not yet understood in detail. MATERIALS UND METHODS: Glissandi on the vowel [a:] from 220 to 440 Hz and 440 to 880 Hz were analyzed in three groups of four professional female singers: without a mass lesion or dysphony (group A), with a functional mass lesion (swellings without a great impact on oscillation patterns during stroboscopy; group B), and with organic dysphony (group C)...
December 15, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242051/bamboo-nodes-on-a-series-of-15-patients-vocal-fold-lesion-as-a-sign-of-autoimmune-disease-and-microphonotrauma
#16
Natalie Oker, Aude Julien-Laferrière, Philippe Herman, Gérard Chevaillier
OBJECTIVES: Bamboo nodes are band-like submucosal deposits of the middle third of the vocal fold. They are often related to connective tissue disorders, but can also precede them. The aim of this study was to report our experience with conservative treatment of those rare lesions. METHODS: This is a retrospective series of 15 patients consulting for hoarseness and presenting bamboo nodes from 2010 to 2016. RESULTS: All patients were women of mean age of 38 years with a moderate or high degree of daily vocal effort...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241142/unmet-needs-burden-of-treatment-and-patient-engagement-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-combined-perspective-from-the-ms-in-the-21st-century-steering-group
#17
Peter Rieckmann, Diego Centonze, Irina Elovaara, Gavin Giovannoni, Eva Havrdová, Jurg Kesselring, Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Sarah A Morrow, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Sven Schippling, Christoph Thalheim, Heidi Thompson, Patrick Vermersch, Karen Aston, Birgit Bauer, Christy Demory, Maria Paz Giambastiani, Jana Hlavacova, Jocelyne Nouvet-Gire, George Pepper, Maija Pontaga, Emma Rogan, Chrystal Rogalski, Pieter van Galen, Ali-Frédéric Ben-Amor
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is vital in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to optimise outcomes for patients, society and healthcare systems. It is essential to involve all stakeholders in potential solutions, working in a multidisciplinary way to ensure that people with MS (PwMS) are included in shared decision-making and disease management. To start this process, a collaborative, open environment between PwMS and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is required so that similarities and disparities in the perception of key areas in patient care and unmet needs can be identified...
November 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233802/how-when-and-why-people-seek-health-information-online-qualitative-study-in-hong-kong
#18
Joanna Tw Chu, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
BACKGROUND: The Internet has become an established source for health information. The number of individuals using the Internet to search for health information, ranging from healthy lifestyle advice to treatment and diseases, continues to grow. Scholars have emphasized the need to give greater voice and influence to health consumers. Hong Kong, being one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities in the world, has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the world...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231951/phonomicrosurgery-in-vocal-fold-nodules-quantification-of-outcomes-in-professional-and-non-professional-voice-users
#19
Philipp P Caffier, Tatjana Salmen, Tatiana Ermakova, Eleanor Forbes, Seo-Rin Ko, Wen Song, Manfred Gross, Tadeus Nawka
There are few data demonstrating the specific extent to which surgical intervention for vocal fold nodules (VFN) improves vocal function in professional (PVU) and non-professional voice users (NVU). The objective of this study was to compare and quantify results after phonomicrosurgery for VFN in these patient groups. METHODS: In a prospective clinical study, surgery was performed via microlaryngoscopy in 37 female patients with chronic VFN manifestations (38±12 yrs, mean±SD). Pre- and postoperative evaluations of treatment efficacy comprised videolaryngostroboscopy, auditory-perceptual voice assessment, voice range profile (VRP), acoustic-aerodynamic analysis, and voice handicap index (VHI-9i)...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#20
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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