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Vocal nodules

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891001/rigid-bronchoscopic-management-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-a-30-year-old-woman
#1
Karan Madan, Ashesh Dhungana, Neha Kawatra Madan, Anant Mohan, Vijay Hadda, Rakesh Garg, Deepali Jain, Randeep Guleria
A 30-year-old woman presented with a history of progressive shortness of breath, cough, and hoarseness. Stridor was audible on examination. Chest X-ray showed normal lung fields and contrast-enhanced computed tomography thorax showed lower tracheal occlusion with endoluminal growth. Diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated multiple whitish glistening nodules over both vocal cords and lower tracheal occlusion by whitish nodular growth. In view of critical central airway obstruction, rigid bronchoscopy and excision of the lower tracheal growth were performed...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836428/high-speed-imaging-of-vocal-fold-vibration-onset-delay-normal-versus-abnormal
#2
Peak Woo
OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold vibration onset delay (VFVOD) is heard frequently in spasmodic dysphonia and in muscle tension dysphonia. VFVOD changes due to other vocal pathologies have not been investigated. VFVOD during sustained vowel production was estimated with high-speed video in 10 normal and 40 pathologic subjects (scars, vocal fold paralysis, vocal fold nodules, and polyps). Analysis of high-speed video was done using digital kymography. RESULTS: VFVOD can be divided into two portions...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811476/factors-involved-in-vocal-fatigue-a-pilot-study
#3
Evelien D'haeseleer, Mara Behlau, Laura Bruneel, Iris Meerschman, Anke Luyten, Stien Lambrecht, Mauriceia Cassol, Paul Corthals, Maryna Kryshtopava, Floris L Wuyts, Sofie Claeys, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the vocal characteristics of a treatment-seeking population with the primary complaint of vocal fatigue (VF). METHODS: Forty-three men (mean age 42 years, range 19-69) and 145 women (mean age 34 years, range 18-68) were included. None of the subjects had received voice therapy or previous laryngeal surgery. A questionnaire, laryngeal and perceptual evaluations, aerodynamic and acoustic parameters, and the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) were used to determine vocal characteristics...
November 4, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770513/cytology-diagnosis-of-metastatic-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-synchronous-to-pancreas-and-metachronous-to-thyroid-and-contralateral-adrenal-report-of-a-case-and-literature-review
#4
Aqiba Bokhari, Patricia G Tiscornia-Wasserman
Renal cell carcinoma metastases to pancreas, thyroid, and contralateral adrenal gland are decidedly uncommon. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most frequent subtype. Cytology diagnosis may be challenging. A 74-year-old male with remote history of vocal cord malignancy and hypertension presented with abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed 8.4 cm left renal mass highly suspicious for renal cell carcinoma, a 1.8 cm mass within vessels near left adrenal and a 2.5 cm mass in pancreatic tail...
October 22, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743845/hierarchical-classification-and-system-combination-for-automatically-identifying-physiological-and-neuromuscular-laryngeal-pathologies
#5
Hugo Cordeiro, José Fonseca, Isabel Guimarães, Carlos Meneses
OBJECTIVES: Speech signal processing techniques have provided several contributions to pathologic voice identification, in which healthy and unhealthy voice samples are evaluated. A less common approach is to identify laryngeal pathologies, for which the use of a noninvasive method for pathologic voice identification is an important step forward for preliminary diagnosis. In this study, a hierarchical classifier and a combination of systems are used to improve the accuracy of a three-class identification system (healthy, physiological larynx pathologies, and neuromuscular larynx pathologies)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742492/accuracy-of-acoustic-analysis-measurements-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-different-laryngeal-diagnoses
#6
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Layssa Batista Simões, Jocélio Delfino da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Ana Celiane da Nóbrega E Ugulino, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the accuracy of acoustic measures in discriminating between patients with different laryngeal diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective. METHODS: A total of 279 female patients participated in the research. Acoustic measures of the mean and standard deviation (SD) values of the fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and glottal to noise excitation (GNE) were extracted from the emission of the vowel /ε/...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738538/neurofibromatosis-type-2-presenting-with-oculomotor-ophthalmoplegia-and-distal-myopathy
#7
Jessica Mani Penny Tevaraj, Evelyn Tai Li Min, Raja Azmi Mohd Noor, Azhany Yaakub, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam
Neurofibromatosis type 2 usually presents with bilateral acoustic schwannomas. We highlight the rare presentation of neurofibromatosis initially involving third nerve. A 23-year-old Malay female presented with left eye drooping of the upper lid and limitation of upward movement for 8 years. It was associated with right-sided body weakness, change in voice, and hearing disturbance in the right ear for the past 2 years. On examination, there was mild ptosis and limitation of movement superiorly in the left eye...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734817/-high-speed-digital-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-voice-pathologies
#8
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Dawid Falkowski, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa, Jacek Kita, Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal
: Technique of high-speed digital imaging (HSDI) is unique technique, allowing for assessment of real vocal fold vibrations. AIM: The aim of the study is to present the usefulness of HSDI in the diagnosis of clinical type of dysphonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group was diagnosed at the Department of Clinical Phonoaudiology and Logopedics at the Medical University of Białystok and treated at the Phoniatric Clinic in years 2012-2015...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714499/description-of-patients-consulting-the-voice-clinic-regarding-gender-age-occupational-status-and-diagnosis
#9
Angélique Remacle, Cloé Petitfils, Camille Finck, Dominique Morsomme
The purpose of this paper was to describe the gender, age, occupational status, and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the University hospital of Liège in French-speaking Belgium. Overall, seven out of ten patients who attended the voice clinic for dysphonia were females. The patients' ages ranged from 4 to 93 (mean = 43.5). Females predominantly consulted at the age of 54 and males at the age of 9. Regarding the occupational status, workers represented more than half of our patients (53 %), while 11...
October 6, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684845/the-prevalence-and-factors-associate-with-vocal-nodules-in-general-population-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study
#10
Seong Jun Won, Rock Bum Kim, Jin Pyeong Kim, Jung Je Park, Min Su Kwon, Seung Hoon Woo
The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of vocal nodules and to identify factors related with an increased risk for vocal nodules.This study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008 to 2011. The subjects consisted of 19,636 men and women aged ≥19 years. Related factors such as age, marital status, incomes, and education level were assessed in individual interviews, and health-related behaviors including smoking, alcohol, and activity were assessed with self-administered questionnaires...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658337/effect-of-performance-time-of-the-semi-occluded-vocal-tract-exercises-in-dysphonic-children
#11
Lorena de Almeida Ramos, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effects of execution time on auditory-perceptual and acoustic responses in children with dysphonia completing straw phonation exercises. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, comparative intra-subject study design was used. METHODS: Twenty-seven children, ranging from 5 to 10 years of age, diagnosed with vocal cord nodules or cysts, were enrolled in the study. All subjects included in the Experimental Group were also included in the Control Group which involved complete voice rest...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586391/%C3%AE-defensin-2-is-overexpressed-in-human-vocal-cord-polyps
#12
Jinjin Gu, Yongwang Huang
The objective of the study is to investigate the expression of human β-defensin-1 (hBD-1) and human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) in vocal cord polyps using tissue microarray. Tissue specimens from vocal cord polyps (N = 51), vocal cord nodules (N = 26), and healthy vocal cords (N = 8) were retrieved from the biobank of the Department of Pathology of Tianjin Tianhe Hospital between 2003 and 2006 and immunostained on tissue microarrays for the quantitative analysis of hBD-1 and hBD-2 expression. hBD-1 expression did not differ significantly between healthy vocal cords, vocal cord nodules, and vocal cord polyps (p = 0...
September 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498174/prevalence-of-voice-disorders-in-iranian-primary-school-students
#13
Ali Mohammadzadeh, Nazila Sandoughdar
OBJECTIVES: The voice is the sound produced by vibration of our vocal cords and has an important role in verbal communication. A child's voice disorder may significantly impair his or her ability to be heard and understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of voice disorders in primary school students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this descriptive-analytical study, a total of 501 fourth through fifth grade primary school students (boys = 51...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497267/laryngeal-ultrasound-and-pediatric-vocal-fold-nodules
#14
Julina Ongkasuwan, Danielle Devore, Sarah Hollas, Jeremy Jones, Brandon Tran
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The term vocal fold nodules refers to bilateral thickening of the membranous folds with minimal impairment of the vibratory properties of the mucosa. Nodules are thought to be related to repetitive mechanical stress, associated with voice use patterns. Diagnosis is typically made in the office via either rigid or flexible laryngeal stroboscopy. Depending on the individual child, obtaining an optimal view of the larynx can be difficult if not impossible. Recent advances in high-frequency ultrasonography allows for transcervical examination of laryngeal structures...
August 6, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451864/the-utility-of-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-during-thyroid-surgery
#15
Brian C Brajcich, Christopher R McHenry
BACKGROUND: Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) can lead to vocal cord paralysis, resulting in hoarseness, aspiration, stridor, and respiratory distress. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) on RLN injury during thyroidectomy when it is used as an adjunct to confirm the functional integrity of the RLN during delineation of its anatomic course after it has been visually identified. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed comparing the rate of RLN injury in patients undergoing thyroidectomy with IONM, which was implemented in 2012, to patients who underwent thyroidectomy without IONM during the 3-year period immediately before IONM...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434485/phonatory-symptoms-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-female-patients-with-goiter
#16
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Alexander Dowli, Jad Jabbour, Alain Sabri, Sami T Azar
Our objective is to report on the prevalence of phonatory symptoms and impact on quality of life in a group of female patients with goiter who had not been selected for surgery or who had not presented to the emergency room with respiratory distress. A total of 40 patients with goiter and 14 controls were enrolled in this study. Demographic data included age, sex, laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, allergy, smoking, duration of disease, presence or absence of compressive symptoms, presence or absence of thyroid gland nodules, vascular status, presence or absence of calcifications, and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels...
July 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423282/acoustic-analysis-before-and-after-voice-therapy-for-laryngeal-pathology
#17
S S Chhetri, R Gautam
Background Voice problems caused by pathologies in vocal folds are well known. Some types of laryngeal pathologies have certain acoustic characteristics. Objective evaluation helps characterize the voice and voice problems providing supporting evidences, severity of disorders. It helps assess the response to the treatment and measures the outcomes. Objective The objective of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the voice therapy and quantify the results objectively by voice parameters. Method Study includes 61 patients who presented with different types of laryngeal pathologies...
October 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421819/real-time-dual-visualization-of-two-different-modalities-for-the-evaluation-of-vocal-fold-vibration-laryngeal-videoendoscopy-and-2d-scanning-videokymography-preliminary-report
#18
Geun-Hyo Kim, Soo-Geun Wang, Byung-Joo Lee, Hee-June Park, Yong-Cheol Kim, Hyung-Soon Kim, Keon-Tae Sohn, Soon-Bok Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Currently, various tools have been introduced for the assessment of vocal fold vibration: laryngeal videolaryngoscopy (LV), videokymography (VKG), high speed videoendoscopy (HSV), digital videokymography (DKG), and 2D scanning videokymography (2D VKG). Among these, the authors have recently designed a dual modality examination system using LV and 2D VKG for more detailed information regarding the vibrations of the vocal folds. The clinical availability of this hybrid system offers medical imaging departments a range of potential advantages in the evaluation of vocal fold vibration...
July 12, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418875/bilateral-cricoarytenoid-arthritis-a-cause-of-recurrent-upper-airway-obstruction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Pradeep Pradhan, Abhishek Bhardwaj, V P Venkatachalam
We report a case of bilateral cricoarytenoid joint arthritis with history of rheumatoid arthritis, presented with stridor to the outpatient department. Endolaryngoscopy revealed adducted vocal cords and a nodule over left arytenoid which later confirmed to be rheumatoid nodule on histopathologic examination. Initially, although patient responded well to medical treatment, recurrence was noticed after 6 months follow-up.
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333090/normal-distribution-pattern-and-physiological-variants-of-68ga-psma-11-pet-ct-imaging
#20
Emre Demirci, Onur Erdem Sahin, Meltem Ocak, Burak Akovali, Jamal Nematyazar, Levent Kabasakal
PURPOSE: Ga-PSMA-11 is a novel PET tracer suggested to be used for imaging of advanced prostate cancer. In this study, we aimed to present a detailed biodistribution of Ga-PSMA-11, including physiological and benign variants of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of 40 patients who underwent PSMA PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging and who had no evidence of residual or metastatic disease on the scans...
November 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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