keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

salivary amylase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350481/emotion-regulation-and-positive-affect-in-the-context-of-salivary-alpha-amylase-response-to-pain-in-children-with-cancer
#1
Brooke N Jenkins, Douglas A Granger, Ryan J Roemer, Ariana Martinez, Tara K Torres, Michelle A Fortier
BACKGROUND: Children with cancer routinely undergo painful medical procedures invoking strong physiological stress responses. Resilience to this pain may be conferred through resources such as emotion regulation strategies and positive affect. PROCEDURE: This study measured dispositional positive affect in children with cancer (N = 73) and randomly assigned participants to one of three emotion regulation strategy conditions (distraction, reappraisal, or reassurance)...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327448/the-saliva-proteome-of-dogs-variations-within-and-between-breeds-and-between-species
#2
Sabah Pasha, Taichi Inui, Iain Chapple, Stephen Harris, Lucy Holcombe, Melissa M Grant
Saliva is a complex multifunctional fluid that bathes the oral cavity to assist in soft and hard tissue maintenance, lubrication, buffering, defence against microbes and initiating digestion of foods. It has been extensively characterised in humans but its protein composition in dogs remains poorly characterised, yet could explain (patho) physiological differences between individuals, breeds and with humans. This pilot discovery study aimed to characterise canine saliva from two breeds, Labrador retrievers and Beagles, and to compare this with human saliva using quantitative mass spectrometry...
January 12, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326501/analysis-of-salivary-iga-amylase-lactoferrin-and-lysozyme-before-and-after-comprehensive-dental-treatment-in-children-a-prospective-study
#3
Akhilesh Sharma, Priya Subramaniam, Shebin Moiden
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the levels of salivary IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme before and after comprehensive dental treatment in children with early childhood caries. Design: Thirty children aged 36-60 months, with a deft score ≥5, were selected for the study. Before dental treatment, paraffin-stimulated whole saliva was collected in a sterile graduated cup for a period of 5 min. The saliva samples were quantitatively analyzed for levels of IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323088/salivary-amylase-crystalloids-an-aspiration-cytodiagnosis
#4
Anupama Arya, Saranya Singaravel, Dilip Kumar, Poonam S Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323056/role-of-salivary-biomarkers-in-early-detection-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Nidhi Awasthi
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is prevalent worldwide and is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in treatment, the survival of patients with oral cancer has not significantly improved over the past several decades owing to late detection and treatment failures. The present study was undertaken with an objective to explore the role of salivary CYFRA 21-1, CA 19-9, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total proteins, and amylase as biochemical markers of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and premalignant lesions (PML)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304757/attentional-bias-modification-in-reducing-test-anxiety-vulnerability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Wenpeng Cai, Yu Pan, Huangyangzi Chai, Yi Cui, Jin Yan, Wei Dong, Guanghui Deng
BACKGROUND: A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be used to modify high test-anxiety individuals' attention to emotional information and whether this change is related to anxiety vulnerability. METHODS: Seventy-seven undergraduates were included: 28 individuals received a 5-day modified dot probe task as ABM training, 29 individuals received a 5-day classic dot probe task as placebo, and 20 individuals did not receive an intervention between the two test sections...
January 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296101/preclinical-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-the-combined-use-of-the-ethicon-securestrap%C3%A2-open-absorbable-strap-fixation-device-and-ethicon-physiomesh%C3%A2-open-flexible-composite-mesh-device-on-surgeon-stress-during-ventral-hernia-repair
#7
Nadia Sutton, Melinda H MacDonald, John Lombard, Bodgan Ilie, Piet Hinoul, Douglas A Granger
Aim: To evaluate whether performing ventral hernia repairs using the Ethicon Physiomesh™ Open Flexible Composite Mesh Device in conjunction with the Ethicon Securestrap® Open Absorbable Strap Fixation Device reduces surgical time and surgeon stress levels, compared with traditional surgical repair methods. Methods: To repair a simulated ventral incisional hernia, two surgeries were performed by eight experienced surgeons using a live porcine model. One procedure involved traditional suture methods and a flat mesh, and the other procedure involved a mechanical fixation device and a skirted flexible composite mesh...
2018: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279733/efficacy-of-parietal-acupoint-therapy-scalp-acupuncture-for-neck-shoulder-stiffness-with-related-mood-disturbance
#8
Naoki Aoyama, Osamu Fujii, Toshikatsu Yamamoto
Objectives: Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture is a quick and effective microsystem of acupuncture used for treating various symptoms for which the somatotopic area is the scalp. This article describes Parietal Acupoint Therapy (PAPT), which is another approach, using a different scalp somatotopy, and to evaluate PAPT's effect on neck/shoulder stiffness and related mood disturbances. Materials and Methods:Subjects: Forty-six volunteers suffering from chronic neck/shoulder stiffness with various symptoms (headache, dizziness, and related mood disturbance) participated in this study and were randomly divided into 2 groups: treatment (26 subjects) and control (20 subjects)...
December 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278839/optimizing-expectations-and-distraction-leads-to-lower-cortisol-levels-after-acute-stress
#9
Stefan Salzmann, Frank Euteneuer, Jana Strahler, Johannes A C Laferton, Urs M Nater, Winfried Rief
BACKGROUND: A new approach of psychological interventions prior to stress aiming to optimize expectations may have beneficial effects on a person's health status by reducing physiological stress. The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether a brief psychological intervention designed to optimize personal control expectations prior to acute stress would affect perceived and biological stress responsiveness in comparison to two more established interventions (fostering gratitude or distraction) in a healthy sample...
December 21, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260815/the-important-role-of-salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-in-the-gastric-digestion-of-wheat-bread-starch
#10
Daniela Freitas, Steven Le Feunteun, Maud Panouillé, Isabelle Souchon
The role of salivary α-amylase (HSA) in starch digestion is often overlooked in favour of that of pancreatic α-amylase due to the short duration of the oral phase. Although it is generally accepted that the amylase of salivary origin can continue to be active in the stomach, studies ascertaining its contribution are lacking. This study aimed to address this issue by coupling in vitro oral processing with an in vitro dynamic system that mimicked different postprandial gastric pH reduction kinetics observed in vivo following a snack- or lunch-type meal...
December 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248565/person-centered-examination-of-salivary-cortisol-and-alpha-amylase-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-links-to-preadolescent-behavioral-functioning-and-coping
#11
Jason José Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
This study adopted a person-centered approach to identify preadolescent salivary cortisol (sC) and alpha-amylase (sAA) co-activation response patterns and examine links to behavioral functioning and coping. Children (N = 151, 51.7% male) were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and one of two randomly-assigned, post-TSST coping conditions: distraction or avoidance. Multi-trajectory modeling yielded four child subgroups. Child internalizing and externalizing positively predicted High sC-High sAA relative to Low sC-Low sAA and Low sC-High sAA relative to High sC-Low sAA subgroup membership, respectively...
December 14, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219039/morphogenesis-and-mucus-production-of-epithelial-tissues-of-three-major-salivary-glands-of-embryonic-mouse-in-3d-culture
#12
Azusa Nakao, Takumi Inaba, Akiko Murakami-Sekimata, Hiroyuki Nogawa
Embryonic mouse submandibular epithelia initiate branching morphogenesis within two days when embedded in Matrigel and stimulated by members of the epidermal growth factor family. However, it is unknown whether the end buds further branch over longer culture periods, and whether saliva-producing cells differentiate there. In the present study, we cultivated three major (submandibular, sublingual and parotid) salivary epithelia from 13-day embryos for 14 days in mesenchyme-free cultures. All epithelia continued to grow and branch to form numerous acinus-like structures in medium supplemented with neuregulin 1, fibroblast growth factor 1, and insulintransferrin-sodium selenite...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203963/ingestion-of-green-tea-with-lowered-caffeine-improves-sleep-quality-of-the-elderly-via-suppression-of-stress
#13
Keiko Unno, Shigenori Noda, Yohei Kawasaki, Hiroshi Yamada, Akio Morita, Kazuaki Iguchi, Yoriyuki Nakamura
Epidemiological and animal studies have demonstrated that ingestion of green tea enhances healthy life. However, caffeine in green tea can interfere with sleep. In this report, we examined the effect of green tea with lowered caffeine, low-caffeine green tea, on stress and sleep of the elderly. The participants (n = 10, mean age 89.3 ± 4.2 years) drank five cups/day of standard green tea for 1 week. Subsequently, they drank five cups/day of low-caffeine green tea for 2 weeks. Salivary α-amylase activity (sAA) was measured as a stress marker...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194183/hyperactivity-of-the-sympatho-adrenomedullary-system-without-any-modification-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-following-food-restriction-among-high-level-weightlifters
#14
Alexandre Durguerian, Edith Filaire, Catherine Drogou, Fabien Sauvet, Clément Bougard, Mounir Chennaoui
We examined the effects of six days of food restriction on salivary α-amylase (sAA), cortisol and dehydroepiandrostenedione (DHEA) awakening responses, psychological parameters and performance among eleven international weightlifters. Assessments were made at baseline (T1) and 6 days after a normal period of training while maintaining body weight (T2). Then, participants were assigned into two groups depending on whether they lost (Diet group) or maintained (Control group) their body weight. Anthropometric, psychological, physical and physiological assessments were also realized 6 days (T3) following the restricted dietary period for the Diet group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182422/salivary-biomarkers-and-training-load-during-training-and-competition-in-paralympic-swimmers
#15
Ciara Sinnott-O'Connor, Tom Comyns, Alan M Nevill, Giles Warrington
PURPOSE: Stress responses in athletes can be attributed to training and also competition, where increased physiological and psychological stress may negatively impact on performance and recovery. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between training load and salivary biomarkers IgA, alpha-amylase (AA) and cortisol across a 16-week preparation phase and 10-day competition phase in Paralympic swimmers. METHODS: Four Paralympic swimmers provided bi-weekly saliva samples during three training phases - 1) normal training, 2) intensified training and 3) taper as well as daily saliva samples in the 10 day Paralympic competition (2016 Paralympic Games)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163848/radiation-therapy-and-serum-salivary-amylase-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Francesca De Felice, Mario Tombolini, Angela Musella, Francesco Marampon, Vincenzo Tombolini, Daniela Musio
Radiation therapy (RT) is a valid treatment option for head and neck cancer (HNC). The risk of RT-induced toxicities is significant, especially due to extended treatment fields. The raise in amylase activity is strictly dependent on the volume of salivary glands included in the irradiated target volume and it is firmly related to the dose. The aim of this review is to report the effects on salivary amylase activity after radiation exposure of salivary glands, in patients with HNC.
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159888/salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-as-a-marker-of-stress-reduction-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-and-autism-in-response-to-occupational-and-music-therapy
#17
J Poquérusse, A Azhari, P Setoh, S Cainelli, C Ripoli, P Venuti, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of a range of disability-centric therapies have been well studied, little remains known about how they work, let alone how to monitor these benefits in a precise and reliable way. METHODS: Here, in two independent studies, we examine how sessions consisting of occupational or music therapy, both widely recognised for their effectiveness, modulate levels of salivary α-amylase (sAA), a now time- and cost-efficient marker of stress, in individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126424/salivary-ph-calcium-phosphorus-and-selected-enzymes-in-healthy-dogs-a-pilot-study
#18
Ilaria Iacopetti, Anna Perazzi, Tamara Badon, Silvia Bedin, Barbara Contiero, Rebecca Ricci
BACKGROUND: Saliva in dogs, as in humans, is a complex fluid secreted by different salivary glands in the oral cavity to protect the oral mucosa and teeth. The use of saliva as a substitute for blood in diagnosing and prognosticating disease in humans is widely accepted. Salivary biochemistry has also been used as a marker for periodontal disease in humans. No studies have as yet investigated the relation between salivary biochemistry and periodontal disease in dogs, however; neither has the salivary composition of healthy dogs with no oral disease been assessed...
November 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093287/stilbene-glucoside-a-putative-sleep-promoting-constituent-from-polygonum-multiflorum-affects-sleep-homeostasis-by-affecting-the-activities-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-and-salivary-alpha-amylase
#19
Qian Wei, Guang Ta, Wenjing He, Wei Wang, Qiucheng Wu
Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been used for treating insomnia for centuries. The most used CHM for insomnia was Polygonum multiflorum. However, the molecular mechanism for CHM preventing insomnia is unknown. Stilbene glucoside (THSG), an important active component of P. multiflorum, may play an important role for treating insomnia. To test the hypothesis, Kunming mice were treated with different dosages of THSG. To examine the sleep duration, a computer-controlled sleep-wake detection system was implemented...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084240/a-sympathetic-nervous-system-evaluation-of-obesity-stigma
#20
Michael D Oliver, Subimal Datta, Debora R Baldwin
The portrayal of obesity in the media is often one of negativity. Consequently, it may generate an increase in stigma. Obesity stigma, a form of social discrimination, is responsible for many of the negative psychological and physiological effects on individual wellness. These effects not only impact individual health, but also affect the economy, and ultimately, societal wellness. In an attempt to examine the influence of the media on obesity stigma, this study tested the hypothesis that positive priming would lead to a reduction in obesity stigma...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
84277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"