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Vitrification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210478/the-twin-epidemic-in-infertility-care-why-do-we-persist-in-transferring-too-many-embryos
#1
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet
The epidemic of iatrogenic multiple births as a result of infertility treatment are responsible for an unacceptable high incidence of maternal, perinatal and childhood morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs due to infertility therapy are too high and this may lead to social and political concern. The introduction of single embryo transfer (SET) was a real breakthrough, but was only accepted in most European countries and Japan. The United States, Latin America and most developing countries still have high multiple pregnancy rates...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209499/blastocyst-development-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-of-equine-oocytes-vitrified-at-the-germinal-vesicle-stage
#2
Heloísa Siqueira Canesin, Joao Gatto Brom-de-Luna, Young-Ho Choi, Isabel Ortiz, Mouhamadou Diaw, Katrin Hinrichs
We evaluated the meiotic and developmental competence of GV-stage equine oocytes vitrified under different conditions. In a preliminary study, using dimethyl sulfoxide (D), ethylene glycol (EG) and sucrose (S) as cryoprotectants, the maturation rate was higher for cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) held overnight before vitrification (37%) than for those vitrified immediately (14%; P < 0.05). Thereafter, all COCs were held overnight before vitrification. In Experiment 1 we compared 1 min (1 m) and 4 min (4 m) exposure to vitrification and warming solutions; oocytes that subsequently matured were fertilized by ICSI...
February 13, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193448/cryopreservation-of-bufotes-viridis-embryos-by-vitrification
#3
Zahra Derakhshan, Mohsen Nokhbatolfoghahai, Shahla Zahiri
Loss of biodiversity among amphibians is a current concern. Our hypothesis is that the embryos of amphibian species at risk of extinction could be cryopreserved by vitrification, using methods which have proved successful with fish oocyte. To test this hypothesis, samples of four cryoprotectants - methanol (MeOH), dimethyl sulphoxide (Me2SO), propylene glycol (PG) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), some singly, some in combination, were plunged in liquid nitrogen for 5 min to find the best solution for vitrification...
February 11, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192076/thermo-mechanical-stress-analysis-of-cryopreservation-in-cryobags-and-the-potential-benefit-of-nanowarming
#4
Prem Solanki, John C Bischof, Yoed Rabin
Cryopreservation by vitrification is the only promising solution for long-term organ preservation which can save millions of lives across the world. One of the challenges in cryopreservation of large-size tissues and organs is to prevent fracture formation due to the tendency of the material to contract with temperature. The current study focuses on a pillow-like shape of a cryobag, while exploring various strategies to reduce thermo-mechanical stress during the rewarming phase of the cryopreservation protocol, where maximum stresses are typically found...
February 9, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192075/the-effect-of-additive-compounds-on-glycerol-induced-damage-to-human-chondrocytes
#5
Joshua Hahn, Leila Laouar, Janet A W Elliott, Gregory S Korbutt, Nadr M Jomha
High concentrations of cryoprotective agents are required for cryopreservation techniques such as vitrification. Glycerol is a common cryoprotective agent used in cryopreservation protocols but this agent is toxic at high concentrations. This work is an attempt to mitigate the toxic effects of high concentrations of glycerol on intact chondrocytes in human knee articular cartilage from total knee arthroplasty patients by simultaneous exposure to glycerol and a variety of additive compounds. The resulting cell viability in the cartilage samples as measured by membrane integrity staining showed that, in at least one concentration or in combination, all of the tested additive compounds (tetramethylpyrazine, ascorbic acid, chondroitin sulphate, glucosamine sulphate) were able to reduce the deleterious effects of glycerol exposure when examination of membrane integrity took place on a delayed time frame...
February 10, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173814/the-human-oocyte-preservation-experience-hope-registry-evaluation-of-cryopreservation-techniques-and-oocyte-source-on-outcomes
#6
Zsolt Peter Nagy, Robert E Anderson, Eve C Feinberg, Brooke Hayward, Mary C Mahony
BACKGROUND: This prospective, Phase IV, multicenter, observational registry of assisted reproductive technology clinics in the USA studied outcomes of first cycles using thawed/warmed cryopreserved (by slow-freezing/vitrification) oocytes (autologous or donor). METHODS: Patients were followed up through implantation, clinical pregnancy, and birth outcomes. The main outcome measure was live birth rate (LBR), defined as the ratio of live births to oocytes thawed/warmed minus the number of embryos cryopreserved for each cycle, averaged over all thawing cycles...
February 7, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160207/impact-of-prolonged-oocyte-incubation-time-before-vitrification-on-oocyte-survival-embryo-formation-and-embryo-quality-in-mice
#7
Azade Karami, Mitra Bakhtiari, Mehri Azadbakht, Rostam Ghorbani, Mozafar Khazaei, Mansour Rezaei
Oocyte incubation time before freezing is one of the factors affecting oocyte vitrification. In the assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics, it is sometimes decided to perform oocyte vitrification after a long period of incubation time due to various conditions, such as inability to collect semen samples, unsuccessful urological interventions (PESA, TESE, etc.), or unexpected conditions. A time factor of up to 6 h has been studied in the available reports. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate oocyte incubation time before freezing at 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h after retrieval...
February 3, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153517/microfluidics-for-cryopreservation
#8
REVIEW
Gang Zhao, Jianping Fu
Cryopreservation has utility in clinical and scientific research but implementation is highly complex and includes labor-intensive cell-specific protocols for the addition/removal of cryoprotective agents and freeze-thaw cycles. Microfluidic platforms can revolutionize cryopreservation by providing new tools to manipulate and screen cells at micro/nano scales, which are presently difficult or impossible with conventional bulk approaches. This review describes applications of microfluidic tools in cell manipulation, cryoprotective agent exposure, programmed freezing/thawing, vitrification, and in situ assessment in cryopreservation, and discusses achievements and challenges, providing perspectives for future development...
January 30, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147214/microtubule-stabilisers-docetaxel-and-paclitaxel-reduce-spindle-damage-and-maintain-the-developmental-competence-of-in-vitro-mature-bovine-oocytes-during-vitrification
#9
Jakkhaphan Pitchayapipatkul, Tamás Somfai, Satoko Matoba, Rangsan Parnpai, Takashi Nagai, Masaya Geshi, Thevin Vongpralub
This study compared the efficacy of docetaxel (DT) and paclitaxel (PT) in reducing spindle damage during vitrification and maintaining the developmental competence of in vitro-matured (IVM) bovine oocytes after vitrification and warming. Pretreatment of IVM oocytes with 0.05µM DT for 30min before vitrification resulted in significantly higher (P<0.05) rates of oocyte survival and cleavage after IVF, as well as subsequent blastocyst rates on Days 7-9 and hatching on Days 8-9, compared with oocytes pretreated with 1...
February 2, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137429/full-term-potential-of-goat-in-vitro-produced-embryos-after-different-cryopreservation-methods
#10
José Carlos Ferreira-Silva, Marcelo Tigre Moura, Túlio Diego Silva, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Adauto Chiamenti, Vicente José Figueirêdo Freitas, Marcos Antonio Lemos Oliveira
Cryopreservation of preimplantation embryos represents a major challenge due to their shape and relatively large cells. Embryo source and cryopreservation method are key factors to cryotolerance efficiency and few reports have investigated more promising protocols for goat embryos. The study was aimed to compare different cryopreservation methods for goat in vitro produced (IVP) embryos. Goat blastocysts were subjected to conventional freezing (CF), Dimethyl sulfoxide vitrification (DMSO-V) and Dimethylformamide vitrification (DMF-V)...
January 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134134/glass-transition-of-polymers-in-bulk-confined-geometries-and-near-interfaces
#11
Simone Napolitano, Emmanouil Glynos, Nicholas B Tito
When cooled or pressurized, polymer melts exhibit a tremendous reduction in molecular mobility. If the process is performed at a constant rate, the structural relaxation time of the liquid eventually exceeds the time allowed for equilibration. This brings the system out of equilibrium, and the liquid is operationally defined as a glass-a solid lacking long-range order. Despite almost 100 years of research on the (liquid/)glass transition, it is not yet clear which molecular mechanisms are responsible for the unique slow-down in molecular dynamics...
January 30, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104825/effect-of-bovine-oviductal-extracellular-vesicles-on-embryo-development-and-quality-in-vitro
#12
Ricaurte Lopera-Vasquez, Meriem Hamdi, Veronica Maillo, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan, Pablo Bermejo-Alvarez, Miguel Angel Ramirez, Maria Yañez-Mo, Dimitrios Rizos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of extracellular vesicles (EV) from oviductal fluid (OF), either from the ampulla or isthmus, on the development and quality of in vitro cultured bovine embryos. Zygotes were cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid (SOF+3mg/ml BSA) without calf serum (C- group), in the presence of 3x105 EV/ml from ampullary or isthmic OF at either 1x104xg (10k) and 1x105xg (100k), and compared with SOF+5% FCS (C+ group). OF-EV size and concentration were assessed by electron microscopy and nanotracking analysis system...
January 19, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093199/effect-of-different-cryo-devices-on-in%C3%A2-vitro-maturation-and-development-of-vitrified-warmed-immature-buffalo-oocytes
#13
Yelisetti Uma Mahesh, Henderson Rose Winnie Gibence, Sisinthy Shivaji, Brahmasani Sambasiva Rao
The aim of the study was to identify a cryo-device that would be best suited for the vitrification of buffalo immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) as judged by viability and meiotic competence of the vitrified-warmed oocytes and their development ability following in vitro fertilization (IVF). The expression of oocyte secreting factors and their receptors (GDF9, BMP15, BMPR2, TGFBR1) and apoptosis related genes (BCL2, BAX, P53, C-MYC) were compared in vitrified-warmed oocytes after in vitro maturation...
January 16, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079121/local-geology-controlled-the-feasibility-of-vitrifying-iron-age-buildings
#14
Fabian B Wadsworth, Michael J Heap, David E Damby, Kai-Uwe Hess, Jens Najorka, Jérémie Vasseur, Dominik Fahrner, Donald B Dingwell
During European prehistory, hilltop enclosures made from polydisperse particle-and-block stone walling were exposed to temperatures sufficient to partially melt the constituent stonework, leading to the preservation of glassy walls called 'vitrified forts'. During vitrification, the granular wall rocks partially melt, sinter viscously and densify, reducing inter-particle porosity. This process is strongly dependent on the solidus temperature, the particle sizes, the temperature-dependence of the viscosity of the evolving liquid phase, as well as the distribution and longevity of heat...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072433/effects-of-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-on-nucleation-and-crystal-growth-in-the-vitrified-vs55-during-warming
#15
Y Xu, H M Yu, Y Q Niu, S C Luo, X Cheng
:   BACKGROUND:Magnetic nanoparticles (mNPs), once excited by radiofrequency (RF) energy, could heat uniformly and rapidly the vitrified biospecimens. However, there are few studies about the impact of mNPs on crystallization kinetics of vitrified samples. OBJECTIVES: The present work aims to investigate the nucleation and crystal growth in the vitrification solution VS55 with mNPs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ferrotec EMG308 superparamagnetic nanoparticles (10 ± 2...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072432/closed-vitrification-system-as-a-platform-for-cryopreservation-of-tissue-engineered-constructs
#16
N A Trufanova, V S Zaikov, A V Zinchenko, A Yu Petrenko, Y A Petrenko
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and MSCs-based tissue engineered constructs (TECs) is a promising strategy for regenerative medicine. OBJECTIVE: To examine vitrification system consisting of multicomponent vitreous solution, closed type container, human adult MSCs and two-step exposure procedure as a platform for cryopreservation of MSCs-based TECs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vitrification properties of solutions were studied by visual analysis and calorimetry...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072427/calorimetric-studies-on-thermal-properties-of-nano-cryoprotectant-solutions-during-vitrification
#17
H F Xu, B T Hao, L J Liu, L L Tang, B L Liu
:   BACKGROUND: Vitrification, the ice-free cryopreservation, develops rapidly and can become an ideal method for long-term preservation of cells and tissues. But up to now it is not practical for samples with large size because of the ultra-rapid cooling rate required. It has been reported that nanoparticles improve heat conductivity of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles(20, 40 or 60nm)at 0.1 %, 0.5 % or 1 % (w/w) were added into glycerol solutions...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072426/effect-of-nanoparticles-on-the-survival-and-development-of-vitrified-porcine-gv-oocytes
#18
W J Li, X L Zhou, B L Liu, J J Dai, P Song, Y Teng
:   BACKGROUND: Some mammalian oocytes have been successfully cryopreserved by vitrification. However, the survival and developmental rate of vitrified oocytes is still low. The incorporation of nanoparticles into cryoprotectant (CPA) may improve the efficiency of vitrification by changing the properties of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The toxicity of different concentrations of hydroxy apatite (HA), silica dioxide (SO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (20 nm in diameter) to oocytes was tested and the toxicity threshold value of each nanoparticle was determined...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070774/restoring-fertility-with-cryopreserved-prepubertal-testicular-tissue-perspectives-with-hydrogel-encapsulation-nanotechnology-and-bioengineered-scaffolds
#19
Maxime Vermeulen, Jonathan Poels, Francesca de Michele, Anne des Rieux, Christine Wyns
New and improved oncological therapies are now able to cure more than 80% of cancer-affected children in Europe. However, such treatments are gonadotoxic and result in fertility issues, especially in boys who are not able to provide a sperm sample before starting chemo/radiotherapy because of their prepubertal state. For these boys, cryopreservation of immature testicular tissue (ITT) is the only available option, aiming to preserve spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Both slow-freezing and vitrification have been investigated to this end and are now applied in a clinical setting for SSC cryopreservation...
January 9, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070710/the-accumulation-of-vitrified-oocytes-is-a-strategy-to-increase-the-number-of-euploid-available-blastocysts-for-transfer-after-preimplantation-genetic-testing
#20
Sandrine Chamayou, Maria Sicali, Carmelita Alecci, Carmen Ragolia, Annalisa Liprino, Daniela Nibali, Giorgia Storaci, Antonietta Cardea, Antonino Guglielmino
PURPOSE: In a preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy (PGD-A) program, the more embryos available for biopsy, consequently increases the chances of obtaining euploid embryos to transfer. The aim was to increase the number of viable euploid blastocysts in patients undergoing PGD-A using fresh oocytes together with previously accumulated vitrified oocytes. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with normal ovarian reserve underwent PGD-A for repeated implantation failure or recurrent pregnancy loss indication...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
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