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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755519/simulated-cholinergic-reinnervation-of-%C3%AE-ins-1-cells-antidiabetic-utility-of-heterotypic-pseudoislets-containing-%C3%AE-cell-and-cholinergic-cell
#1
Ao Jiao, Feng Li, Chengshuo Zhang, Wu Lv, Baomin Chen, Jialin Zhang
Cholinergic neurons can functionally support pancreatic islets in controlling blood sugar levels. However, in islet transplantation, the level of cholinergic reinnervation is significantly lower compared to orthotopic pancreatic islets. This abnormal reinnervation affects the survival and function of islet grafts. In this study, the cholinergic reinnervation of beta cells was simulated by 2D and 3D coculture of INS-1 and NG108-15 cells. In 2D culture conditions, 20 mM glucose induced a 1.24-fold increase ( p < 0...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742511/decellularized-pancreas-matrix-scaffolds-for-tissue-engineering-using-ductal-or-arterial-catheterization
#2
Javad Hashemi, Parvin Pasalar, Masoud Soleimani, Ehsan Arefian, Reza Khorramirouz, Aram Akbarzadeh, Fariba Ghorbani, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Abdol Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is known as a worldwide disease with a great burden on society. Since therapeutic options cover a limited number of target points, new therapeutic strategies in the field of regenerative medicine are considered. Bioscaffolds along with islet cells would provide bioengineered tissue as a substitute for β-cells. The perfusion-decellularization technique is considered to create such scaffolds since they mimic the compositional, architectural, and biomechanical nature of a native organ...
May 9, 2018: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742420/self-condensation-culture-enables-vascularization-of-tissue-fragments-for-efficient-therapeutic-transplantation
#3
Yoshinobu Takahashi, Keisuke Sekine, Tatsuya Kin, Takanori Takebe, Hideki Taniguchi
Clinical transplantation of tissue fragments, including islets, faces a critical challenge because of a lack of effective strategies that ensure efficient engraftment through the timely integration of vascular networks. We recently developed a complex organoid engineering method by "self-condensation" culture based on mesenchymal cell-dependent contraction, thereby enabling dissociated heterotypic lineages including endothelial cells to self-organize in a spatiotemporal manner. Here, we report the successful adaptation of this method for generating complex tissues from diverse tissue fragments derived from various organs, including pancreatic islets...
May 8, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717201/facile-tumor-spheroids-formation-in-large-quantity-with-controllable-size-and-high-uniformity
#4
Wentao Shi, Jean Kwon, Yongyang Huang, Jifu Tan, Christopher G Uhl, Ran He, Chao Zhou, Yaling Liu
A facile method for generation of tumor spheroids in large quantity with controllable size and high uniformity is presented. HCT-116 cells are used as a model cell line. Individual tumor cells are sparsely seeded onto petri-dishes. After a few days of growth, separated cellular islets are formed and then detached by dispase while maintaining their sheet shape. These detached cell sheets are transferred to dispase-doped media under orbital shaking conditions. Assisted by the shear flow under shaking and inhibition of cell-to-extracellular matrix junctions by dispase, the cell sheets curl up and eventually tumor spheroids are formed...
May 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601985/mechanical-characterization-and-numerical-simulation-of-a-subcutaneous-implantable-3d-printed-cell-encapsulation-system
#5
Federica Adamo, Marco Farina, Usha R Thekkedath, Alessandro Grattoni, Raffaella Sesana
Cell transplantation in bioengineered scaffolds and encapsulation systems has shown great promise in regenerative medicine. Depending on the site of implantation, type of cells and their expected function, these systems are designed to provide cells with a physiological-like environment while providing mechanical support and promoting long-term viability and function of the graft. A minimally invasive 3D printed system termed neovascularized implantable cell homing and encapsulation (NICHE) was developed in polylactic acid for subcutaneous transplantation of endocrine cells, including pancreatic islets...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536540/the-microenvironment-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-supports-lymphatic-neovascularization
#6
Erika Gucciardo, Sirpa Loukovaara, Ani Korhonen, Pauliina Repo, Beatriz Martins, Helena Vihinen, Eija Jokitalo, Kaisa Lehti
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is a major diabetic microvascular complication characterized by pathological angiogenesis. Several retinopathy animal models have been developed to study the disease mechanisms and putative targets. However, knowledge on the human proliferative disease remains incomplete, relying on steady-state results from thin histological neovascular tissue sections and vitreous samples. New translational models are thus required to comprehensively understand the disease pathophysiology and develop improved therapeutic interventions...
June 2018: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451122/sprouting-angiogenesis-in-engineered-pseudo-islets
#7
Monika Hospodiuk, Madhuri Dey, Bugra Ayan, Donna Sosnoski, Kazim K Moncal, Yang Wu, Ibrahim T Ozbolat
Despite the recent achievements in cell-based therapies for curing type-1 diabetes (T1D), capillarization in beta (β)-cell clusters is still a major roadblock as it is essential for long-term viability and function of β-cells in vivo. In this research, we report sprouting angiogenesis in engineered pseudo islets (EPIs) made of mouse insulinoma βTC3 cells and rat heart microvascular endothelial cells (RHMVECs). Upon culturing in three-dimensional (3D) constructs under angiogenic conditions, EPIs sprouted extensive capillaries into the surrounding matrix...
March 16, 2018: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443037/high-resolution-3d-imaging-of-the-human-pancreas-neuro-insular-network
#8
Elizabeth Butterworth, Wesley Dickerson, Vindhya Vijay, Kristina Weitzel, Julia Cooper, Eric W Atkinson, Jason E Coleman, Kevin J Otto, Martha Campbell-Thompson
Using traditional histological methods, researchers are hampered in their ability to image whole tissues or organs in large-scale 3D. Histological sections are generally limited to <20 µm as formalin fixed paraffin section on glass slides or <500 µm for free-floating fixed sections. Therefore, extensive efforts are required for serial sectioning and large-scale image reconstruction methods to recreate 3D for samples >500 µm using traditional methods. In addition, light scatters from macromolecules within tissues, particularly lipids, prevents imaging to a depth >150 µm with most confocal microscopes...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351476/human-endoc-%C3%AE-h1-%C3%AE-cells-form-pseudoislets-with-improved-glucose-sensitivity-and-enhanced-glp-1-signaling-in-the-presence-of-islet-derived-endothelial-cells
#9
Michael G Spelios, Lauren A Afinowicz, Regine C Tipon, Eitan M Akirav
Three-dimensional (3D) pseudoislets (PIs) can be used for the study of insulin-producing β-cells in free-floating islet-like structures similar to that of primary islets. Previously, we demonstrated the ability of islet-derived endothelial cells (iECs) to induce PIs using murine insulinomas, where PI formation enhanced insulin production and glucose responsiveness. In this report, we examined the ability of iECs to spontaneously induce the formation of free-floating 3D PIs using the EndoC-βH1 human β-cell line murine MS1 iEC line...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322773/surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-based-label-free-insulin-detection-at-physiological-concentrations-for-analysis-of-islet-performance
#10
Hyunjun Cho, Shailabh Kumar, Daejong Yang, Sagar Vaidyanathan, Kelly Woo, Ian Garcia, Hao J Shue, Youngzoon Yoon, Kevin Ferreri, Hyuck Choo
Label-free optical detection of insulin would allow in vitro assessment of pancreatic cell functions in their natural state and expedite diabetes-related clinical research and treatment; however, no existing method has met these criteria at physiological concentrations. Using spatially uniform 3D gold-nanoparticle sensors, we have demonstrated surface-enhanced Raman sensing of insulin in the secretions from human pancreatic islets under low and high glucose environments without the use of labels such as antibodies or aptamers...
January 26, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310936/the-rhogap-stard13-controls-insulin-secretion-through-f-actin-remodeling
#11
Heike Naumann, Thomas Rathjen, Matthew N Poy, Francesca M Spagnoli
OBJECTIVE: Actin cytoskeleton remodeling is necessary for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. A mechanistic understanding of actin dynamics in the islet is paramount to a better comprehension of β-cell dysfunction in diabetes. Here, we investigate the Rho GTPase regulator Stard13 and its role in F-actin cytoskeleton organization and islet function in adult mice. METHODS: We used Lifeact-EGFP transgenic animals to visualize actin cytoskeleton organization and dynamics in vivo in the mouse islets...
February 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298810/highly-angiogenic-nonthrombogenic-bone-marrow-mononuclear-cell-derived-spheroids-in-intraportal-islet-transplantation
#12
Bae Jun Oh, Sang-Man Jin, Yoonha Hwang, Jin Myung Choi, Han-Sin Lee, Gyuri Kim, Geunsoo Kim, Hyo Jun Park, Pilhan Kim, Sung Joo Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
Highly angiogenic bone marrow mononuclear cell-derived spheroids (BM-spheroids), formed by selective proliferation of the CD31+ CD14+ CD34+ monocyte subset via three-dimensional (3D) culture, have had robust angiogenetic capacity in rodent syngeneic renal subcapsular islet transplantation. We wondered whether the efficacy of BM-spheroids could be demonstrated in clinically relevant intraportal islet transplantation models without increasing the risk of portal thrombosis. The thrombogenic potential of intraportally infused BM-spheroids was compared with that of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and MSC-derived spheroids (MSC-spheroids)...
March 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283208/microphysiological-analysis-platform-of-pancreatic-islet-%C3%AE-cell-spheroids
#13
Sang Hun Lee, SoonGweon Hong, Jihwan Song, Byungrae Cho, Esther J Han, Sravani Kondapavulur, Dongchoul Kim, Luke P Lee
The hallmarks of diabetics are insufficient secretion of insulin and dysregulation of glucagon. It is critical to understand release mechanisms of insulin, glucagon, and other hormones from the islets of Langerhans. In spite of remarkable advancements in diabetes research and practice, robust and reproducible models that can measure pancreatic β-cell function are lacking. Here, a microphysiological analysis platform (MAP) that allows the uniform 3D spheroid formation of pancreatic β-cell islets, large-scale morphological phenotyping, and gene expression mapping of chronic glycemia and lipidemia development is reported...
January 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241367/differentiation-of-conjunctiva-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-secreting-islet-beta-cells-on-plasma-treated-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffold
#14
Samad Nadri, Ghasem Barati, Hossein Mostafavi, Abdolreza Esmaeilzadeh, Seyed Ehsan Enderami
Transplantation of stem cells using biocompatible nanofibrous scaffolds is a promising therapeutic method for treating Diabetic Mellitus. The aim of this study was to derive insulin-producing cells (IPCs) from conjunctiva-derived mesenchymal stem cell (CJMSCs) and to compare the functionality of differentiated IPCs in a three-dimensional (3D) culture with 2D. Furthermore, the effects of hydrophobicity of scaffold on IPCs differentiation were examined. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), quantitative real times PCR (qPCR), Immunostaining and flow cytometry were used to analyze fabricated scaffold and the presence of IPCs...
December 14, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181780/3d-models-of-insulin-producing-%C3%AE-cells-from-primary-islet-cells-to-stem-cell-derived-islets
#15
REVIEW
Diana Ribeiro, Alexander J Kvist, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Ryan Hicks, Anna Forslöw
There is a need for physiologically relevant assay platforms to provide functionally relevant models of diabetes, to accelerate the discovery of new treatment options and boost developments in drug discovery. In this review, we compare several 3D-strategies that have been used to increase the functional relevance of ex vivo human primary pancreatic islets and developments into the generation of stem cell derived pancreatic beta-cells (β-cells). Special attention will be given to recent approaches combining the use of extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds with pancreatic molecular memory, which can be used to improve yield and functionality of in vitro stem cell-derived pancreatic models...
November 27, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150935/generation-of-insulin-producing-cells-from-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-pva-scaffold-by-optimized-differentiation-protocol
#16
Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Masoud Soleimani, Yousef Mortazavi, Samad Nadri, Ali Salimi
The studies have been done on patient-specific human adipose-derived from mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) like a series of autologous growth factors and nanofibrous scaffolds (3D culture) will probably have many benefits for regenerative medicine in type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients in the future. For this purpose, we established a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) scaffold and a differentiation protocol by adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP) that induces the hADSCs into insulin-producing cells (IPCs). The characteristics of the derived IPCs in 3D culture were compared with conventional culture (2D) groups evaluated at the mRNA and protein levels...
May 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142323/nkx6-1-decline-accompanies-mitochondrial-dna-reduction-but-subtle-nucleoid-size-decrease-in-pancreatic-islet-%C3%AE-cells-of-diabetic-goto-kakizaki-rats
#17
Tomáš Špaček, Vojtěch Pavluch, Lukáš Alán, Nikola Capková, Hana Engstová, Andrea Dlasková, Zuzana Berková, František Saudek, Petr Ježek
Hypertrophic pancreatic islets (PI) of Goto Kakizaki (GK) diabetic rats contain a lower number of β-cells vs. non-diabetic Wistar rat PI. Remaining β-cells contain reduced mitochondrial (mt) DNA per nucleus (copy number), probably due to declining mtDNA replication machinery, decreased mt biogenesis or enhanced mitophagy. We confirmed mtDNA copy number decrease down to <30% in PI of one-year-old GK rats. Studying relations to mt nucleoids sizes, we employed 3D superresolution fluorescent photoactivable localization microscopy (FPALM) with lentivirally transduced Eos conjugate of mt single-stranded-DNA-binding protein (mtSSB) or transcription factor TFAM; or by 3D immunocytochemistry...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117231/human-pancreatic-islet-derived-extracellular-vesicles-modulate-insulin-expression-in-3d-differentiating-ipsc-clusters
#18
Diana Ribeiro, Eva-Marie Andersson, Nikki Heath, Anette Persson-Kry, Richard Collins, Ryan Hicks, Niek Dekker, Anna Forslöw
It has been suggested that extracellular vesicles (EVs) can mediate crosstalk between hormones and metabolites within pancreatic tissue. However, the possible effect of pancreatic EVs on stem cell differentiation into pancreatic lineages remains unknown. Herein, human islet-derived EVs (h-Islet-EVs) were isolated, characterized and subsequently added to human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) clusters during pancreatic differentiation. The h-islet-EVs had a mean size of 117±7 nm and showed positive expression of CD63 and CD81 EV markers as measured by ELISA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101017/enhanced-oxygen-permeability-in-membrane-bottomed-concave-microwells-for-the-formation-of-pancreatic-islet-spheroids
#19
GeonHui Lee, Yesl Jun, HeeYeong Jang, Junghyo Yoon, JaeSeo Lee, MinHyung Hong, Seok Chung, Dong-Hwee Kim, SangHoon Lee
Oxygen availability is a critical factor in regulating cell viability that ultimately contributes to the normal morphogenesis and functionality of human tissues. Among various cell culture platforms, construction of 3D multicellular spheroids based on microwell arrays has been extensively applied to reconstitute in vitro human tissue models due to its precise control of tissue culture conditions as well as simple fabrication processes. However, an adequate supply of oxygen into the spheroidal cellular aggregation still remains one of the main challenges to producing healthy in vitro spheroidal tissue models...
January 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095600/cofibrillization-of-pathogenic-and-functional-amyloid-proteins-with-gold-nanoparticles-against-amyloidogenesis
#20
Ibrahim Javed, Yunxiang Sun, Jozef Adamcik, Bo Wang, Aleksandr Kakinen, Emily H Pilkington, Feng Ding, Raffaele Mezzenga, Thomas P Davis, Pu Chun Ke
Biomimetic nanocomposites and scaffolds hold the key to a wide range of biomedical applications. Here we show, for the first time, a facile scheme of cofibrillizing pathogenic and functional amyloid fibrils via gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and their applications against amyloidogenesis. This scheme was realized by β-sheet stacking between human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) and the β-lactoglobulin "corona" of the AuNPs, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy, 3D atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations...
December 11, 2017: Biomacromolecules
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