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diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy

Wilson Kc Leung, L Gao, Parco M Siu, Christopher Wk Lai
An explosion in global epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus poses major rise in cases with vascular endothelial dysfunction ranging from micro- (retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy) to macro-vascular (atherosclerosis and cardiomyopathy) conditions. Functional destruction of endothelium is regarded as an early event that lays the groundwork for the development of renal microangiopathy and subsequent clinical manifestation of nephropathic symptoms. Recent research has shed some light on the molecular mechanisms of type 2 diabetes-associated comorbidity of endothelial dysfunction and nephropathy...
October 17, 2016: Life Sciences
Mei-Rong Du, Gui-Xia Ju, Nian-Sheng Li, Jun-Lin Jiang
Microvascular complications are the leading causes of acquired blindness, end-stage renal failure, and varieties of neuropathy associated with diabetes. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, is involved in endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation associated with the progression of diabetic microvascular complications. Elevated ADMA has been detected in experimental animals and patients with diabetic microangiopathy like retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Mehmet Ali Cikrikcioglu, Zeynep Erturk, Elif Kilic, Kenan Celik, Iskender Ekinci, Ayse Irem Yasin Cetin, Tuba Ozkan, Guven Cetin, Shute Ailia Dae, Rumeyza Kazancioglu, Reha Erkoc
BACKGROUND: Endocan is a newly identified proteoglycan released from endothelium, stimulating angiogenesis and when increased, indicates endothelial activation (inflammation). Our aim was to examine the association between serum endocan levels and urine albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR). METHOD: One hundred and thirty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normal serum creatinine who had no co-morbidities other than hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, or neuropathy were divided into normoalbuminuria (G1), microalbuminuria (G2), and macroalbuminuria (G3) groups and compared cross-sectionally regarding serum endocan levels...
October 18, 2016: Renal Failure
Masami Tanaka, Takeshi Nishimura, Risa Sekioka, Toshihide Kawai, Shu Meguro, Junichiro Irie, Yoshifumi Saisho, Hiroshi Itoh
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the association between serum albumin concentration (SAC) and microvascular complications in hypertensive patients complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND METHOD: Four hundred and ninety five hypertensive patients (331 men) with T2DM were investigated. SAC was compared between patients with and without microvascular complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy). Then, logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the effects of various factors on microvascular diseases, and the following factors were considered as independent variables: SAC, gender, age, duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), HbA1c, eGFR, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hiroki Yokoyama, Mariko Oishi, Hiroshi Takamura, Katsuya Yamasaki, Shin-Ichiro Shirabe, Daigaku Uchida, Hidekatsu Sugimoto, Yoshio Kurihara, Shin-Ichi Araki, Hiroshi Maegawa
OBJECTIVE: The fact that population with type 2 diabetes mellitus and bodyweight of patients are increasing but diabetes care is improving makes it important to explore the up-to-date rates of achieving treatment targets and prevalence of complications. We investigated the prevalence of microvascular/macrovascular complications and rates of achieving treatment targets through a large-scale multicenter-based cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was performed on 9956 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus who consecutively attended primary care clinics...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Ullah Asmat, Khan Abad, Khan Ismail
Human body is continuously exposed to different types of agents that results in the production of reactive species called as free radicals (ROS/RNS) which by the transfer of their free unpaired electron causes the oxidation of cellular machinery. In order to encounter the deleterious effects of such species, body has got endogenous antioxidant systems or it obtains exogenous antioxidants from diet that neutralizes such species and keeps the homeostasis of body. Any imbalance between the RS and antioxidants leads to produce a condition known as "oxidative stress" that results in the development of pathological condition among which one is diabetes...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Ae Ra Kee, Tien Yin Wong, Ling-Jun Li
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a major disease affecting a large number of young patients. In the recent years, retinal vascular imaging has provided an objective assessment of vascular health in T1DM patients. Our study aims to review the current literature on retinal vascular parameters in T1DM young patients in order to understand: 1. How retinal vessels are affected in T1DM; 2. How such vascular changes can be predictive of future diabetic microvascular complications...
October 17, 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Sarvesh Kumar Prajapati, Prashant Dubey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
K V Anand, P Kumar, R K Verma, S Verma, S Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Kumar Vijay Anand, Chandani Arti Lal, Gupta Ac, Kushwaha Js, Agarwal Saurabh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Rakshith N, C Ramachandra Bhat, Mohammed Ataulla Shariff, Chirag J
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hasan Basarir, Alan Brennan, Richard Jacques, Daniel Pollard, Katherine Stevens, Jennifer Freeman, Jerry Wales, Katherine Price
OBJECTIVES: Kids in Control OF Food (KICk-OFF) is a 5-day structured education program for 11- to 16-year-olds with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who are using multiple daily insulin injections. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of the KICk-OFF education program compared with the usual care using data from the KICk-OFF trial. METHODS: The short-term within-trial analysis covers the 2-year postintervention period. Data on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), severe hypoglycemia, and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) were collected over a 2-year follow-up period...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Marina Trento, Lorena Charrier, Martina Salassa, Stefano Merlo, Pietro Passera, Anatolie Baltatescu, Franco Cavallo, Massimo Porta
PURPOSE: Microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes, such as retinopathy and nephropathy, progress over time and may be associated with cognitive decline. In this article, we aim to gain further insight into the association between cognitive function and retinopathy in type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this observational 8-year prospective study of 498 outpatients, demographic and clinical variables were monitored, along with retinopathy, depression, anxiety, and cognitive function...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
John W Stanifer, Charles R Cleland, Gerald Jamberi Makuka, Joseph R Egger, Venance Maro, Honest Maro, Francis Karia, Uptal D Patel, Matthew J Burton, Heiko Philippin
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, diabetes is a growing burden, yet little is known about its prevalence, risk factors, and complications. To address these gaps and help inform public health efforts aimed at prevention and treatment, we conducted a community-based study assessing diabetes epidemiology. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a stratified, cluster-designed, serial cross-sectional household study from 2014-2015 in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. We used a three-stage cluster probability sampling method to randomly select individuals...
2016: PloS One
Nermin Tanik, Serhat Tanik, Sebahattin Albayrak, Kürsat Zengin, Levent Ertugrul Inan, Emel Kiyak Caglayan, Asuman Celikbilek, Kadir Kirboga, Mesut Gurdal
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that often leads to complications. We aimed to correlate two complications of DM, polyneuropathy and hyperactive bladder syndrome, using noninvasive measures, such as screening tests. METHODS: We included 80 female and 40 male type 2 diabetic patients in this prospective study. Diabetic polyneuropathy evaluations were conducted using the Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions (DN4), and overactive bladder (OAB) evaluations were performed using the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-V8)...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Somlak Chuengsamarn, Suthee Rattanamongkolgul, Gunya Sittithumcharee, Siwanon Jirawatnotai
AIMS: To determine an association between hs-CRP and metabolic control/diabetic chronic vascular complications (DCVCCxs) in the patients with type 2 diabetes (DM). In addition, the possibility of using hs-CRP levels to predict risk of DCVCCxs will also be validated. METHODS: This cohort study randomly enrolled 608 patients with DM during the 2007-2008 study period. We also recorded basic laboratory findings at baseline and at one year, to include fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hs-CRP...
August 22, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Zheyi Dong, Yuanda Wang, Qiang Qiu, Xueguang Zhang, Li Zhang, Jie Wu, Ribao Wei, Hanyu Zhu, Guangyan Cai, Xuefeng Sun, Xiangmei Chen
AIMS: Non-diabetic renal diseases (NDRDs) are associated with better renal outcomes than diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study was conducted to determine the common clinical markers predicting NDRDs in type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent a renal biopsy were screened. Eligible patients were categorized into two groups: DN group and NDRD group. Patient's clinical characteristics and laboratory data were collected...
September 21, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Mercedes Rodriguez-Teja, Claudia Breit, Mitchell Clarke, Kamil Talar, Kai Wang, Mohammad A Mohammad, Sage Pickwell, Guillermina Etchandy, Graeme J Stasiuk, Justin Sturge
Here we describe a protocol that can be used to study the biophysical microenvironment related to increased thickness and stiffness of the basement membrane (BM) during age-related pathologies and metabolic disorders (e.g. cancer, diabetes, microvascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy). The premise of the model is non-enzymatic crosslinking of reconstituted BM (rBM) matrix by treatment with glycolaldehyde (GLA) to promote advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) generation via the Maillard reaction...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Min-Woong Sohn, Noam Epstein, Elbert S Huang, Zhiping Huo, Nicholas Emanuele, George Stukenborg, Marylou Guihan, Junping Li, Elly Budiman-Mak
AIMS: To examine the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) variability and the risk of microvascular complications in a non-elderly diabetic population. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of individuals aged ≤60years treated for diabetes in 2003 in the US Department of Veterans Affairs healthcare system. Individuals were followed for five years for any new diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, or neuropathy. In each year of follow-up, individuals were classified into quartiles based on their SBP variability...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Venkata Anudeep, Kolar Vishwanath Vinod, Nandini Pandit, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Halanaik Dhanapathi, Tarun Kumar Dutta, Akkilagunta Sujiv
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Upper gastrointestinal symptoms are more prevalent among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The prevalence of delayed gastric emptying (GE) and factors predictive of it have not been studied in Indian T2DM patients and the present study aimed to study the same. METHODS: This hospital-based cross-sectional study involved adult (age between 18 and 65 years) outpatients with T2DM of ≥5-year duration. Measurements of GE of a labelled standardized solid rice idli meal by gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES), symptoms of delayed GE (by standardized questionnaire) and autonomic function by cardiovascular autonomic function tests (AFTs) were carried out...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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