Read by QxMD icon Read

cornea and anterior segment

Shrestha Priyadarsini, Tina B McKay, Akhee Sarker-Nag, Jeremy Allegood, Charles Chalfant, Jian-Xing Ma, Dimitrios Karamichos
Prolonged hyperglycemia during diabetes mellitus can cause severe ophthalmic complications affecting both the anterior and posterior ocular segments leading to impaired vision or blindness. Diabetes-induced corneal pathologies are associated with decreased wound healing capacity, corneal edema, and altered epithelial basement membrane. The mechanism by which diabetes modulates structure and function within the corneal stroma are unknown. In our study, we characterized the effects of diabetes on extracellular matrix, lipid transport, and cellular metabolism by defining the entire metabolome and lipidome of Type 1 and Type 2 human diabetic corneal stroma...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Natasha Pahuja, Nimisha R Kumar, Rushad Shroff, Rohit Shetty, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Anuprita Ghosh, Abhijit Sinha-Roy, Shyam S Chaurasia, Rajiv R Mohan, Arkasubhra Ghosh
Purpose: In this study, we elucidated the differential expression of a set of local molecular factors in ectatic cone area of the cornea to uncover a functional cause for focal corneal weakening characteristic of the keratoconus (KC) disease. Methods: All human corneal samples were collected after approval of Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent. Keratoconus patients were classified based on clinical parameters, topographical features, and structural deformity...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Sang Beom Han, Yu-Chi Liu, Karim Mohamed Noriega, Jodhbir S Mehta
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noncontact technology that produces high-resolution cross-sectional images of ocular tissues. Anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT) enables the precise visualization of anterior segment structure; thus, it can be used in various corneal and ocular surface disorders. In this review, the authors will discuss the application of AS-OCT for diagnosis and management of various corneal and ocular surface disorders. Use of AS-OCT for anterior segment surgery and postoperative management will also be discussed...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Silvia Pescina, Marina Sala, Cristina Padula, Maria Carmina Scala, Antonia Spensiero, Silvana Belletti, Rita Gatti, Ettore Novellino, Pietro Campiglia, Patrizia Santi, Sara Nicoli, Carmine Ostacolo
The role of cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) has been challenged in recent years for drug delivery to ocular tissues for the targeting of both anterior and posterior segments. The enhancement of trans-corneal transport for anterior segment targeting is a very important issue possibly leading to important outcomes on efficacy and to the opportunity of topical administration of molecules with unfavorable penetration properties. The aim of the present work was the design and synthesis of new CPPs, deriving from the structure of PEP-1 peptide...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Leonardo Torquetti, Carlos Arce, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Guilherme Ferrara, Paulo Ferrara, Brenno Signorelli, Armando Signorelli
AIM: To evaluate corneal parameters measured with a dual Scheimpflug analyzer in keratoconus patients implanted with intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS). METHODS: Fifty eyes of 40 keratoconus patients had Ferrara ICRS implantation from November 2010 to April 2014. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, keratometry, asphericity, elevation, pachymetry, root mean square (RMS), spherical aberration and coma were studied...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Seyed Mohammad Ghoreishi, Seyed Ali Akbar Mortazavi, Zahra-Alsadat Abtahi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Seyed Ali Sonbolestan, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia, Kimia Nekouie Isfahani
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the agreement of anterior segment optical coherence tomography with its older well-known opponent i.e., Sheimpflug imaging in evaluation of the cornea in normal and keratoconus subjects. METHODS: 107 normal and 56 keratoconus eyes were evaluated with the anterior segment optical coherence tomography followed by the Scheimpflug imaging. Parameters included axial keratometry data in both of steep and flat meridians, mean keratometry and the astigmatism values in the central 4...
September 26, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Sunita Chaurasia, Rashmi Mittal, G Bichappa, Muralidhar Ramappa, Somasheila I Murthy
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical presentation of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) in eyes of Indian ethnicity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from January 1995 to December 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with the diagnosis of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy. METHODS: Medical records of the patients were reviewed for clinical presentation. Histology of corneal specimens of those that underwent keratoplasty was assessed...
September 22, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Ali Riza Cenk Celebi, Ayse Ebru Kilavuzoglu, Ugur Emrah Altiparmak, C Banu Cosar, Abdullah Ozkiris
INTRODUCTION: Corneal foreign bodies are reported to be the second most common type of ocular injury. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) is a valuable tool for the early diagnosis and monitoring the progress of treatment in cases of ocular trauma. Herein we aimed to report on a patient with an intra-corneal foreign body and the role of AS-OCT in management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old male presented with foreign body sensation in his left eye...
2016: SpringerPlus
Agnes Lipecz, Alexis Tsorbatzoglou, Ziad Hassan, Andras Berta, Laszlo Modis, Gabor Nemeth
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of the accommodation on the anterior segment data (corneal and anterior chamber parameters) induced by short-time reading in a healthy, nonpresbyopic adult patient group. METHODS: Images of both eyes of nonpresbyopic volunteers were captured with a Scheimpflug device (Pentacam HR) in a nonaccommodative state. Fifteen minutes of reading followed and through fixation of the built-in target of Pentacam HR further accommodation was achieved and new images were captured by the device...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Qihua Le, Yan Chen, Yujing Yang, Jianjiang Xu
BACKGROUND: To compare corneal epithelial thickness (CET) and limbal epithelial thickness (LET) measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscope (IVCM) in normal subjects, and evaluate the consistency between them. METHODS: Thirty-eight normal subjects (17 men and 21 women) were enrolled in this study. AS-OCT was performed at central cornea and the superior, inferior, nasal and temporal limbus. Then followed by IVCM examination performed at the same location...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Cheuk Wang Chung, Marcus Ang, Mohamed Farook, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Joddhbir S Mehta, Jean Martial Mari, Michaël J A Girard
PURPOSE: To establish and to rank the performance of a corneal adaptive compensation (CAC) algorithm in enhancing corneal images with scars acquired from three commercially available anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) devices. METHODS: Horizontal B-scans of the cornea were acquired from 10 patients using three ASOCT devices (Spectralis, RTVue, and Cirrus). We compared ASOCT image quality (with and without CAC) by computing the intralayer contrast (a measure of shadow removal), the interlayer contrast (a measure of tissue boundary visibility), and the tissue/background contrast (a measure of overall corneal visibility)...
September 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Leonardo Mastropasqua, Mario Nubile
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of the procedure and the modifications of the corneal curvature and profile obtained with a novel technique of stromal-lentoid implantation in ex vivo human corneas. DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo study in human corneas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve stromal lentoids were produced by means of hyperopic femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) with the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) with a refractive power of +8...
September 15, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Wen-Ya Qiu, Li-Bin Zheng, Fei Pan, Bei-Bei Wang, Yu-Feng Yao
BACKGROUND: Reis-Bücklers corneal dystrophy (RBCD) was consistently reported as a corneal dystrophy only affected Bowman's layer and superficial corneal stroma, and superficial keratectomy was a recommendation surgery for treatment in literatures. The study reported new histopathological and ultrastructural findings in RBCD caused by the Arg124Leu mutation of transforming growth factor induced (TGFBI) gene in a four-generation Chinese pedigree. METHODS: Subjects including eight patients and seven unaffected family members received slit-lamp biomicroscopy and photography...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Meredith E Jansen, Ping Situ, Carolyn G Begley, Danielle Boree, Robin L Chalmers, Kathrine Osborn Lorenz, Tawnya Wilson
PURPOSE: To document the time course and resolution of contact lens-related corneal infiltrative events (CIEs) comparing slit-lamp images with anterior segment ocular coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images. METHODS: Six silicone hydrogel (SiHy) soft contact lens (SCL) wearers presenting with newly diagnosed symptomatic CIEs were monitored with slit-lamp images, detailed drawings, and AS-OCT until the resolution of the CIE. A final follow-up visit was completed 4 weeks after CIE resolution to determine whether scar formation was present...
August 24, 2016: Cornea
Necati Duru, Oğuz Erman Haşhaş, Emre Göktaş, Zeynep Duru, Hasan Basri Arifoğlu, Döndü Melek Ulusoy, Arzu Seyhan Karatepe Haşhaş, Mustafa Ataş
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the thickness of each corneal sublayer in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and healthy individuals. METHODS: A total of 38 eyes from 38 patients with MVP and 34 eyes from 34 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included in this study. The thickness of the corneal epithelium, Bowman layer, stroma, and Descemet membrane-endothelium complex were measured on the central cornea (i.e., corneal apex) and both the inferior and superior halves of the cornea with anterior segment module of spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
July 12, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Yukari Yagi-Yaguchi, Takefumi Yamaguchi, Yumi Okuyama, Yoshiyuki Satake, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in granular, lattice and macular corneal dystrophies. METHODS: This retrospective study includes consecutive patients who were diagnosed as granular corneal dystrophy type2 (GCD2; 121 eyes), lattice corneal dystrophies type 1, type 3A (LCDI; 20 eyes, LCDIIIA; 32 eyes) and macular corneal dystrophies (MCD; 13 eyes), and 18 healthy control eyes. Corneal HOAs were calculated using anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and the correlations between HOAs and visual acuity were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Giuseppe Mannino, Barmak Abdolrahimzadeh, Silvia Calafiore, Gianmario Anselmi, Cristina Mannino, Alessandro Lambiase
Ultrasound biomicroscopy is a non-invasive imaging technique, which allows high-resolution evaluation of the anatomical features of the anterior segment of the eye regardless of optical media transparency. This technique provides diagnostically significant information in vivo for the cornea, anterior chamber, chamber angle, iris, posterior chamber, zonules, ciliary body, and lens, and is of great value in assessment of the mechanisms of glaucoma onset. The purpose of this paper is to review the use of ultrasound biomicroscopy in the diagnosis and management of rare diseases of the anterior segment such as mesodermal dysgenesis of the neural crest, iridocorneal endothelial syndrome, phakomatoses, and metabolic disorders...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Alime Gunes, Musa Yigit, Levent Tok, Ozlem Tok
PURPOSE: To evaluate anterior segment parameters in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) using Scheimpflug imaging. METHODS: Forty-three PXS patients and 43 healthy control subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. All participants underwent a detailed ophthalmologic examination. Anterior segment parameters were measured using a Scheimpflug system. RESULTS: Considering the PXS and control groups, the mean corneal thicknesses at the apex point (536 ± 31 and 560 ± 31 µm, respectively, p=0...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Shazia Micheal, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Saemah Nuzhat Zafar, Cristina Villanueva-Mendoza, Vianney Cortés-González, Muhammad Imran Khan, Anneke I den Hollander
BACKGROUND: Anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD) disorders are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous phenotypes in which frequently cornea, iris, and lens are affected. This study aimed to identify novel mutations in PAX6, PITX2 and FOXC1 in families with anterior segment dysgenesis disorders. METHODS: We studied 14 Pakistani and one Mexican family with Axenfeld Rieger syndrome (ARS; n = 10) or aniridia (n = 5). All affected and unaffected family members underwent full ophthalmologic and general examinations...
2016: PloS One
Oriel Spierer, Terrence P O'Brien
A routine eye examination of a 69-year-old man revealed a scleral perforation of one of the haptics of the anterior chamber intraocular lens (AC IOL) which had been implanted many years ago. The patient was asymptomatic with good visual acuity. His history was negative for any trauma, eye rubbing, topical corticosteroid use, or autoimmune disease. The horizontal and vertical white-to-white diameters of the cornea in the right eye were 11.5 and 10.5 mm, respectively. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography showed the anterior chamber length to be 12...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"