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benign intracranial hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767632/reply-to-comment-on-invasive-and-noninvasive-means-of-measuring-intracranial-pressure-a-review
#1
Xuan Zhang, Joshua E Medow, Bermans J Iskandar, Fa Wang, Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Joyce Koueik, John G Webster
In their comments, Drs. De Bernardo and Rosa stated that our paper was missing several references
 related to optic nerve sheath diameter ONSD assessments. Specifically, they state that we neglected to
 mention that ultrasound has been used since the 1970s, that we did not emphasize the role of
 Standardized A scans, and they reference some of their publications in which they emphasize the
 importance of these scans in diagnosing optic nerve lesions and benign intracranial hypertension...
May 16, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721718/an-up-to-date-review-of-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
John Glenn Burkett, Jessica Ailani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS), and benign intracranial hypertension are all terms that have been used for a neurologic syndrome consisting of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), headache and vision loss without mass lesion or underlying infection or malignancy. In this review article, categorization, diagnostic criteria, symptom management strategies, and disease treatment options for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome will be discussed...
May 2, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618363/alitretinoin-reduces-erythema-in-inherited-ichthyosis
#3
Giuliana Onnis, Christine Chiaverini, Geoffroy Hickman, Isabelle Dreyfus, Judith Fischer, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier
BACKGROUND: Acitretin is the main retinoid used to treat severe inherited ichthyosis. Alternatives may be considered if it results ineffective or there are side-effects, or for women of childbearing age. Our objective is evaluation of the effects and tolerance of alitretinoin. An observational retrospective multicentric study was designed to analyse patients with inherited ichthyosis treated by alitretinoin. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients were included, 11 of whom were receiving acitretin at inclusion...
April 4, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394920/occipital-lobe-infarction-a-rare-presentation-of-bilateral-giant-cavernous-carotid-aneurysms-a-case-report
#4
Kavin Vanikieti, Anuchit Poonyathalang, Panitha Jindahra, Piyaphon Cheecharoen, Wimonwan Chokthaweesak
BACKGROUND: Cavernous carotid aneurysm (CCA) represents 2-9% of all intracranial aneurysms and 15% of internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms; additionally, giant aneurysms are those aneurysms that are > 25 mm in size. Bilateral CCAs account for 11-29% of patients and are commonly associated with structural weaknesses in the ICA wall, secondary to systemic hypertension. CCAs are considered benign lesions, given the low risk for developing major neurologic morbidities (i.e., subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, or carotid cavernous fistula)...
February 2, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229339/hemangioblastomas-of-the-posterior-cranial-fossa-in-adults-demographics-clinical-morphologic-pathologic-surgical-features-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#5
Marin Kuharic, Dragan Jankovic, Bruno Splavski, Frederick A Boop, Kenan I Arnautovic
BACKGROUND: Posterior cranial fossa (PCF) hemangioblastomas are benign, highly vascularized, and well-differentiated tumors with well-described histopathologic features. Although relatively rare, this tumor is the most prevalent primary tumor of the cerebellum in adults. OBJECTIVE: Because the demographics of patients with such a tumor (as well as the clinical, morphologic, pathologic, surgical features, and outcomes) are not fully understood, we systematized characteristic patient and tumor features...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197090/syndrome-of-transient-headache-and-neurologic-deficits-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-lymphocitosis-should-be-considered-in-children-presenting-with-acute-confusional-state
#6
Romina Moavero, Laura Papetti, Samuela Tarantino, Barbara Battan, Irene Salfa, Annalisa Deodati, Riccardo Schiaffini, Federico Vigevano, Massimiliano Valeriani
BACKGROUND: Transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) is benign and self-limited, with neurologic deficits including sensory disturbance of one body side, aphasia, nausea/vomiting, weakness, decreased vision, homonymous hemianopsia, photophobia. Acute confusional state can rarely occur. Papilledema and intracranial hypertension have also been described. It is a rare entity mainly affecting adults; however, it has been sporadically described in children and adolescents...
March 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158862/-epidermoid-cyst-in-the-sella-turcica-about-a-case
#7
Ghizlane El Mghari, Bouchra Rafiq, Nawal El Ansari
Epidermoid cyst (EC) or cholesteatoma is a benign tumor, often of congenital origin, occurring in the sub-arachnoidian spaces. Its treatment is based on surgery. We report the case of a 38 year-old patient presenting with progressive intracranial hypertension syndrome associated with anterior pituitary insufficiency signs of the corticotropic, thyrotropic, gonadotropic axis occurring 1 year before. Brain MRI showed a craniopharyngioma. Anatomopathologic evaluation of the specimen showed epidermoid cyst.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109888/melanotic-schwannomas-are-rarely-seen-pigmented-tumors-with-unpredictable-prognosis-and-challenging-diagnosis
#8
Elif Keskin, Sumeyye Ekmekci, Ozgur Oztekin, Gulden Diniz
Melanotic Schwannoma (MS) is rarely seen and potentially malignant neoplasm that is categorized as a variant of Schwannoma. MS most frequently involves intracranial structures followed by posterior nerve roots in the spinal canal. Approximately 50% of the cases with MS have psammomatous calcifications and this type of MS is related to Carney complex with autosomal dominant inheritance. Most cases of MS are benign, though 10% of them are malignant with metastatic potential. MS mimics melanoma and the differential diagnosis should be made excluding other melanin producing neoplasms especially melanoma...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987433/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-challenging-neurologic-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Michael S Runyon
Headache is a common emergency department chief complaint. Although most are benign, emergency physicians must rapidly identify and manage the uncommon, sometimes subtle, presentation of headache from a life-threatening cause. Cerebral venous thrombosis imparts significant morbidity and mortality, and can be a challenging diagnosis. It most commonly occurs in those under 50 years of age with thrombosis of the cerebral veins/sinuses. Diagnosis is frequently delayed. The disease can present with 1 or more clinical syndromes, including intracranial hypertension with headaches, focal neurologic deficits, seizures, and encephalopathy...
November 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942232/an-unusual-case-of-temporal-bone-encephalomeningocele-occurring-together-with-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#10
Bernard Tan Wen Sheng, David Low Yong Ming, Heng Wai Yuen
Temporal bone encephalomeningoceles are uncommon clinical entities that can be challenging to diagnose and treat. Common presenting complaints include symptoms of aural fullness, hearing loss, clear otorrhea and meningitis. Common etiologies are chronic middle ear disease and trauma. A significant proportion of cases are spontaneous, which occurs in relation to benign intracranial hypertension. Normal pressure hydrocephalus associated with temporal bone encepahomeningoceles has not been previously described...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904465/spectrum-of-visual-impairment-in-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-importance-of-tailoring-therapies-based-on-pathophysiology
#11
Sanjith Aaron, Anupriya Arthur, A T Prabakhar, Pavitra Mannam, N K Shyamkumar, Sunithi Mani, Vivek Mathew, Jeyanthi Peter, Ajith Sivadasan, Anika Alexander, M Karthik, Rohith Ninan Benjamin, Mathew Alexander
Visual impairment can complicate cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Here, we describe the various pathophysiological mechanisms and treatments available. A retrospective chart review of all patients treated for CVT in a large quaternary teaching hospital was done, and cases with visual impairment due to CVT were identified. The various mechanisms causing visual impairment in CVT were (1) raised intracranial pressure (ICP) caused by venous thrombosis without venous infarcts resulting in a benign intracranial hypertension-like presentation of CVT, (2) venous infarcts involving the occipital cortex, (3) raised ICP following the development of a secondary dural arteriovenous (AV) fistula, and (4) arterial occipital infarcts due to posterior cerebral artery compression secondary to herniation in large venous infarcts...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861212/revised-disproportionality-analysis-of-mirena-and-benign-intracranial-hypertension
#12
Mahyar Etminan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836059/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-children-with-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
Cristina Gavrilovici, Ingrith Miron, Luminiţa Voroneanu, Silvia Bădărau, Magdalena Stârcea
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has been described as a neurological condition observed in a variety of clinical settings and is characterized by focal neurological deficits, seizures, headaches, altered mental status, and visual impairment, associated with transient typical lesions on neuroimaging, predominantly in the posterior part of the brain. The most common risk factors for PRES are hypertension, renal diseases, and the use of calcineurin inhibitors. The incidence of PRES in children with renal disorders varies between 4 and 9%, according to different reports...
October 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754842/oral-fluoroquinolones-and-risk-of-secondary-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome-nested-case-control-study
#14
Mohit Sodhi, Claire A Sheldon, Bruce Carleton, Mahyar Etminan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the risk of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) with fluoroquinolones. METHODS: A case-control study of people 15-60 years of age from the LifeLink Database (QuintilesIMS, Parsippany, NJ) was conducted. Cases had the first ICD-9-CM code for benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) as well as having received a procedure code for an MRI or CT scan and a lumbar puncture within 15 days or 30 days of the BIH code. For each case, 10 controls were selected using density-based sampling...
August 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690753/-fourth-ventricule-epidermoid-cyst-about-a-case
#15
Abderrazzak El Saqui, Mohamed Aggouri, Mohamed Benzagmout, Khalid Chakour, Mohamed El Faiz Chaoui
Epidermoid cysts are rare benign tumors developed by ectodermic inclusions. They are usually located at the level of the pontocerebellar angle, the parasellar region and the temporal fossa. They exceptionally develop at the level of the fourth ventricle We report the case of a 47-year old woman admitted for intracranial hypertension syndrome associated with walking disorders. The diagnosis of fourth ventricle epidermoid cyst was evoked based on diffusion MRI data then confirmed intraoperatively and by histologic examination...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553393/osteoblastoma-mimicking-an-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-syndrome
#16
Alessandro Boaro, Elisabetta Marton, Grazia Marina Mazzucco, Pierluigi Longatti
Osteoblastomas are rare, benign bone tumors mainly arising from the long bones and the posterior vertebral arches. Skull localizations account for approximately 15% of cases. A total amount of thirty cases involving the temporal bone are reported in the literature. Clinical presentation of temporal osteoblastomas often includes local pain and swelling, while 7(th) and 8(th) cranial nerve impairment is rare. We report the novel finding of increase intracranial pressure syndrome secondary to dominant transverse-sigmoid sinus junction compression caused by a small temporal bone osteoblastoma...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536991/diffuse-midline-skull-base-meningiomas-identification-of-a-rare-and-aggressive-subgroup-of-meningiomas
#17
Matthieu Peyre, Loïc Feuvret, Marc Sanson, Soledad Navarro, Anne-Laure Boch, Hugues Loiseau, Michel Kalamarides
Skull base meningiomas may present as clinically aggressive tumors despite being histologically benign. Here we describe a clinico-radiological entity of diffuse midline skull base meningiomas responsible for several neurological morbidities, including hearing and vision loss, intracranial hypertension, secondary hydrocephalus and tonsillar herniation with spinal cord compression. Surgery and radiotherapy were ineffective in stopping the clinical course of those tumors. After targeted sequencing of known mutated genes in meningiomas, we discovered TRAF7 mutations in two out of four tumors, stressing the importance of focusing the research efforts of the meningioma community in understanding the mechanisms underlying TRAF7 related meningioma tumorigenesis...
July 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473606/headaches-complicating-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#18
REVIEW
Mary Angela O'Neal
Headaches are a common neurological complaint during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Most are primary and benign, but there are also several secondary headaches. This review uses a practical case-based approach to the evaluation and management of the most common headaches referred for neurological consultation: primary headaches such as migraine as well as the presentation and management of some of the secondary headaches complicating pregnancy and the puerperium. These include: idiopathic intracranial hypertension, eclampsia, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, cerebral venous thrombosis, pituitary apoplexy and postdural puncture headache...
June 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349571/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-contemporary-review-and-implications-for-the-otolaryngologist
#19
REVIEW
Shawn M Stevens, Habib G Rizk, Karl Golnik, Norberto Andaluz, Ravi N Samy, Ted A Meyer, Paul R Lambert
OBJECTIVES: 1) Review controversies pertaining to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. 2) Discuss the evolving role of otolaryngologists in managing this disease and related disorders. DATA SOURCES: Primary literature review, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the primary literature was performed from 1990 to 2016 utilizing keywords idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, benign intracranial hypertension, spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, and encephalocele...
January 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318729/acute-cerebellitis-in-paediatric-patients-our-experience
#20
J P García-Iñiguez, F J López-Pisón, P Madurga Revilla, I Montejo Gañán, M Domínguez Cajal, L Monge Galindo, S B Sánchez Marco, M C García Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disease with a highly variable clinical course that ranges from benign self-limiting symptoms to a fulminant presentation associated with a high risk of death due to compression of the posterior fossa, acute hydrocephalus, and intracranial hypertension. METHODS: We reviewed clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings from children diagnosed with acute cerebellitis between May 2007 and November 2016. We analysed treatments and clinical and radiological progression...
March 15, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
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