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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242793/open-anterior-peri-lunardislocation-of-the-carp-a-case-report
#1
Hassini Lassaad, Nawar Nader, Youcef Othmen, Mtaoumi Mourad, Mohamed Laziz Ben Ayeche
Introduction: The anterior perilunate dislocations of the carp (PDC)are exceptional and poorly known lesions, which may go unnoticed in an emergency. They derive their importance from the severity of sequelae, which are dominated by chronic wrist instability and long-term osteoarthritis. Case Report: We report the case of an open anterior PDC with no carpal fracture in a young patient. The injury occurred in a road accident and was treated at once with satisfactory results 1year after...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242133/role-of-aloin-in-the-modulation-of-certain-immune-parameters-in-skin-mucus-of-an-indian-major-carp-labeo-rohita
#2
Ayan Srivastava, Ashwini Kumar Nigam, Swati Mittal, Ajay Kumar Mittal
Enhancement of immune system seems to be the most promising method of preventing fish diseases. Several herbal products have immunostimulant properties, and are environmental friendly, economical and can act against a broad spectrum of pathogens. Present study was designed with an aim to evaluate the role of aloin, extracted from a herb Aloe barbadensis, in the modulation of certain immune parameters in an Indian major carp, Labeo rohita. Fishes were divided into control, vehicle control and aloin treated groups...
December 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242008/immune-responses-to-peptides-containing-homocitrulline-or-citrulline-in-the-dr4-transgenic-mouse-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Patrick Lac, Sheri Saunders, Elena Tutunea-Fatan, Lillian Barra, David A Bell, Ewa Cairns
Antibodies to proteins/peptides containing citrulline are hallmarks of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). These antibodies are strongly associated with the expression of the Shared Epitope (SE). RA patients also generate antibodies to homocitrulline-containing proteins/peptides (also referred to as anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (Anti-CarP)). This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between homocitrulline and citrulline immune responses using an established mouse model of RA: DR4-transgenic (DR4tg) mice that express the human SE...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238267/augmented-expression-of-cardiac-ankyrin-repeat-protein-is-induced-by-pemetrexed-and-a-possible-marker-for-the-pemetrexed-resistance-in-mesothelioma-cells
#4
Yiyang Qin, Ikuo Sekine, Mengmeng Fan, Yuichi Takiguchi, Yuji Tada, Masato Shingyoji, Michiko Hanazono, Naoto Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Tagawa
Background: Pemetrexed (PEM) is an anti-cancer agent targeting DNA and RNA synthesis, and clinically in use for mesothelioma and non-small cell lung carcinoma. A mechanism of resistance to PEM is associated with elevated activities of several enzymes involved in nucleic acid metabolism. Methods: We established two kinds of PEM-resistant mesothelioma cells which did not show any increase of the relevant enzyme activities. We screened genes enhanced in the PEM-resistant cells with a microarray analysis and confirmed the expression levels with Western blot analysis...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235032/monitoring-and-research-of-microcystins-and-environmental-factors-in-a-typical-artificial-freshwater-aquaculture-pond
#5
Xiaobin Hu, Rongfei Zhang, Jinyun Ye, Xiang Wu, Yixiang Zhang, Chenglong Wu
Freshwater aquaculture ponds are important artificially regulated aquatic ecosystems which provide a large number of freshwater fish products in China. The cyanobacteria bloom and microcystin (MC) pollution caused by anthropogenic eutrophication have attracted much attention due to their toxic effects. To provide an insight into the cyanobacterial problem in the ponds, the environmental parameters and MCs of a typical artificial pond in the Yangtze River Delta region of China were monitored and studied from May to December 2015...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233754/molecular-characterization-tissue-distribution-and-differential-nutritional-regulation-of-putative-elovl5-elongase-in-silver-barb-puntius-gonionotus
#6
Madhusmita Nayak, Avinash Pradhan, Shiba Shankar Giri, Mrinal Samanta, V Badireenath Konkimalla, Ashis Saha
Fatty acid desaturase (Fads) and elongase (Elovl) are two important enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) in fishes. Silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) is considered a promising medium carp species for freshwater aquaculture in Asia. Earlier, Δ6 fads cDNA was characterized to understand the molecular mechanism of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in this species. In the present study elovl5-like elongase full-length cDNA was cloned and characterized by RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends), and analyzed its basal expression in various organs/tissues by quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) assay...
December 9, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232641/effect-of-thiacloprid-on-early-life-stages-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#7
Josef Velisek, Alzbeta Stara
Toxicity of the neonicotinoid pesticide thiacloprid to embryos and larvae of common carp Cyprinus carpio was assessed under laboratory conditions. Carp embryos and larvae were exposed to thiacloprid at four concentrations: 4.5 (environmental concentration), 45, 225, and 450 μg/L for 35 days and compared to a non-treated control group. The effects on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme levels (superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and reduced glutathione), mortality, growth, development, and histopathogenesis were assessed...
December 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232384/first-evidence-of-bighead-carp-wild-recruitment-in-western-europe-and-its-relation-to-hydrology-and-temperature
#8
Marco Milardi, Duane Chapman, Mattia Lanzoni, James M Long, Giuseppe Castaldelli
Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) have been introduced throughout Europe, mostly unintentionally, and little attention has been given to their potential for natural reproduction. We investigated the presence of young-of-the-year bighead carp in an irrigation canal network of Northern Italy and the environmental conditions associated with spawning in 2011-2015. The adult bighead carp population of the canal network was composed by large, likely mature, individuals with an average density of 45.2 kg/ha (over 10 fold more than in the main river)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230594/molecular-evolution-of-myoglobin-in-the-tibetan-plateau-endemic-schizothoracine-fish-cyprinidae-teleostei-and-tissue-specific-expression-changes-under-hypoxia
#9
Delin Qi, Yan Chao, Yongli Zhao, Mingzhe Xia, Rongrong Wu
Myoglobin (Mb) is an oxygen-binding hemoprotein that was once thought to be exclusively expressed in oxidative myocytes of skeletal and cardiac muscle where it serves in oxygen storage and facilitates intracellular oxygen diffusion. In this study, we cloned the coding sequence of the Mb gene from four species, representing three groups, of the schizothoracine fish endemic to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP), then conducted molecular evolution analyses. We also investigated tissue expression patterns of Mb and the expression response to moderate and severe hypoxia at the mRNA and protein levels in a representative of the highly specialized schizothoracine fish species, Schizopygopsis pylzovi...
December 11, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229676/teleost-specific-tlr19-localizes-to-endosome-recognizes-dsrna-recruits-trif-triggers-both-ifn-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-and-protects-cells-from-grass-carp-reovirus-infection
#10
Jianfei Ji, Youliang Rao, Quanyuan Wan, Zhiwei Liao, Jianguo Su
TLRs are pivotal pattern recognition receptors in initiating innate immunity and triggering adaptive immunity. TLR pathways have been comprehensively investigated in mammals. However, the teleost-specific TLR19 pathway remains largely unknown. In this study, we identified TLR19 from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), and explored the ligand, adaptor, and signaling pathways. Pathogen-associated molecular pattern binding and luciferase activity assays indicate that TLR19 recognizes and responds to dsRNA analog (polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226602/first-report-of-carp-oedema-virus-infection-of-koi-cyprinus-carpio-haematopterus-in-the-republic-of-korea
#11
S W Kim, J W Jun, S S Giri, C Chi, S Yun, H J Kim, S G Kim, J W Kang, S C Park
Twenty-five koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) bought from a wholesale fish market in Korea, showed lethargic behaviour and 100% mortality within 20 days. Carp oedema virus (CEV) was detected by PCR in all 25 koi. Results of detailed histopathological and clinical examinations of 17 koi indicated loss of body balance, severe infiltration of inflammatory cells into the inter-lamellar spaces of the gills and vacuolization and inclusion bodies in gill epithelial cells. Sequence analysis of PCR products of these koi showed up to 99% identity to the previously reported sequences, suggesting that the observed mass mortality resulted from koi sleepy disease (KSD) due to CEV infection...
December 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223874/the-hypoxia-tolerant-vertebrate-brain-arresting-synaptic-activity
#12
Leslie T Buck, Matthew E Pamenter
The ion channel arrest hypothesis has been the foundation of three decades of research into the underlying mechanisms of hypoxia/anoxia tolerance in several key species, including: painted turtles, goldfish, crucian carp, naked mole rats, and arctic and ground squirrels. The hypothesis originally stated that hypoxia/anoxia tolerant species ought to have fewer ion channels per area membrane and/or mechanisms to regulate the permeability of ions through channels. Today we can add to this and include mechanisms to remove channels from membranes and the expression of low conductance isoforms...
December 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223503/multiple-collections-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l-semen-during-the-reproductive-period-and-its-effects-on-sperm-quality
#13
Beata Irena Cejko, Beata Sarosiek, Sławomir Krejszeff, Radosław Kajetan Kowalski
Multiple collections of semen during the reproductive period of the common carp Cyprinus carpio L. were used to analyse changes in semen quality. Semen collection was performed on June 1 (first collection), 12 (second collection), and 19 (third collection) from individual males (n=11) by gentle abdominal massage. Semen quantity (semen volume and sperm count), quality (sperm motility and sperm viability), as well as seminal plasma parameters (pH of seminal plasma and seminal plasma osmotic pressure) and its enzymatic activity, e...
December 5, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222028/sodium-butyrate-enhanced-physical-barrier-function-referring-to-nrf2-jnk-and-mlck-signaling-pathways-in-the-intestine-of-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#14
Pei Wu, Li Tian, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Fei Xie, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Juan Yang, Yong-An Zhang, He-Qun Shi, Lin Feng
This study evaluated the effect of dietary sodium butyrate (SB) supplementation on the intestinal physical barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The fish were fed one powdery sodium butyrate (PSB) diet (1000.0 mg kg-1 diet) and five graded levels of microencapsulated sodium butyrate (MSB) diets: 0.0 (control), 500.0, 1000.0, 1500.0 and 2000.0 mg kg-1 diet for 60 days. Subsequently, a challenge test was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila to explore the effect of SB supplementation on intestinal physical barrier function and the potential mechanisms in fish...
December 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220445/the-grass-carp-genome-database-gcgd-an-online-platform-for-genome-features-and-annotations
#15
Yaxin Chen, Mijuan Shi, Wanting Zhang, Yingyin Cheng, Yaping Wang, Xiao-Qin Xia
http://bioinfo.ihb.ac.cn/gcgd.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210310/outcome-of-pinning-in-patients-with-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-risk-factors-associated-with-avascular-necrosis-chondrolysis-and-femoral-impingement
#16
Alexandru Ulici, Madalina Carp, Iulia Tevanov, Catalin Alexandru Nahoi, Alin Gabriel Sterian, Dan Cosma
Objective This study aimed to assess the principal risk factors that could lead to the most common long-term complications of slipped capital femoral epiphysis, such as avascular necrosis, chondrolysis, and hip impingement. Methods We conducted a single-centre, retrospective study and evaluated patients (70 patients, 81 hips) who were treated for slipped capital femoral epiphysis from 2010 to 2015 and who underwent pinning. We measured the severity of displacement radiologically using the Southwick angle. Postoperative radiographs were evaluated for the most frequent long-term complications of avascular necrosis (AVN), chondrolysis, and femoral acetabular impingement (FAI)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209087/quantitative-trait-loci-mapping-for-feed-conversion-efficiency-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#17
Meixia Pang, Beide Fu, Xiaomu Yu, Haiyang Liu, Xinhua Wang, Zhan Yin, Shouqi Xie, Jingou Tong
QTL is a chromosomal region including single gene or gene clusters that determine a quantitative trait. While feed efficiency is highly important in aquaculture fish, little genetic and genomic progresses have been made for this trait. In this study, we constructed a high-resolution genetic linkage map in a full-sib F1 family of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) consisting of 113 progenies with 8,460 SNP markers assigning onto 50 linkage groups (LGs). This genetic map spanned 4,047.824 cM (0.478 cM/marker) and covered 98...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208974/bioaccumulation-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-product-chemicals-in-fish-exposed-to-wastewater-effluent-in-an-urban-wetland
#18
Derek Muir, Denina Simmons, Xiaowa Wang, Tom Peart, Maria Villella, Jason Miller, Jim Sherry
The bioaccumulation of a broad range of pharmaceuticals and personal care product chemicals (PPCPs) was studied in Cootes Paradise Marsh (CPM), an urban wetland that receives tertiary treated municipal waste waters as well as urban storm runoff. We measured PPCPs in caged and wild goldfish, as well as wild carp, and compared observed bioaccumulation factors (BAFP) using concentrations in surface waters and fish blood plasma, with modeled BAFs. Thirty-two PPCPs were detected in water from the central CPM site (CPM3) while 64 PPCPs were found at higher concentrations at a site immediately downstream of the effluent outflow (CPM1)...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205124/shewanella-carassii-sp-nov-isolated-from-surface-swabs-of-crucian-carp-and-faeces-of-a-diarrhoea-patient
#19
Yujie Fang, Yonglu Wang, Zongdong Liu, Binghuai Lu, Hang Dai, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
Two strains, 08MAS2251T and LZ2016-166, were isolated from diverse samples in China collected from the surface of crucian carp and the faeces of a diarrhoea patient, respectively. Both strains were pink-orange coloured, Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, facultative anaerobic and motile bacteria, produced H2S and reduced nitrates to nitrites. Growth occurred in the presence of 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl and at 10-42 °C. The optimum conditions were with 1 % (w/v) NaCl and at 35 °C. The phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that strains 08MAS2251T and LZ2016-166 clustered in a distinctive clade next to the species Shewanella chilikensis JC5T within the genus Shewanella...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204430/carbamylation-citrullination-of-igg-fc-in-bronchiectasis-established-ra-with-bronchiectasis-and-ra-smokers-a-potential-risk-factor-for-disease
#20
David Hutchinson, Alexander Clarke, Kate Heesom, Daniel Murphy, Paul Eggleton
Bronchiectasis (BR) and smoking are risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development. The mechanisms by which smoking and BR trigger RA are unknown, but are associated with concurrent rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP) positivity. Anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarP) have also been observed in BR patients and can be induced by smoking. Given that RF only has one antigen, immunoglobulin G (IgG) we have suggested that post-translational modifications to the Fc region of the heavy chain of IgG (IgGH) are a potential explanation for the clustering of the RA-associated autoantibodies in RA...
July 2017: ERJ Open Research
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