Read by QxMD icon Read


T Mu, Y Wang, G L Liu, J L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the seven existing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) screening tools and to identify additional factors that may predict VBAC or failed trial of labor in China. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 2007 and Novenber 31, 2014 were recruited. The average age of the patients was (32.1±3.5) years,the average gestational age was (38.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference of the successful group and the failed group in the maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity, also in the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage and the postpartum infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Patricia Bellows, Utsavi Shah, Lauren Hawley, Kathleen Drexler, Manisha Gandhi, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Christina Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal-neonatal morbidity for women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following clinical practice changes based upon ACOG's 2010 VBAC guideline. STUDY DESIGN: Four-year retrospective cohort analysis around implementation of a hospital guideline in women undergoing TOLAC with a live, cephalic, singleton without lethal anomaly ≥24 weeks and ≥1 prior cesarean. Maternal-neonatal outcomes pre- and post-guideline implementation were compared...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Robert M Silver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Run Mei Ma, Tao Duan, Terence Tzu Hsi Lao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Lynn M Yee, Lilly Y Liu, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: Reducing cesarean deliveries is a major public health goal. The low rate of vaginal birth after cesarean has been attributed largely to a decrease in the likelihood of choosing a trial of labor after cesarean, despite evidence suggesting a majority of women with 1 prior low transverse cesarean are trial of labor after cesarean candidates. Although a number of reasons for this decrease have been explored, it remains unclear how systems issues such as physician call schedules influence delivery approach and mode in this context...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
L He, M Chen, G L He, X X Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and pregnant outcome on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2015, clinical data of 507 cases with VBAC in West China Second Hospital were studied retrospectively. There were 370 cases of VBAC from January 2013 to December 2015 as study group (VBAC group), in contrast, 740 cases of elective repeat cesarean section (ERCS group) and 740 primiparas of vaginal delivery without history of cesarean section as control groups, the pregnancy outcome were analyzed between the study group and control groups respectively...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
S W Wu, Y Z Lu, S S Wang, X J Dong, J H Fang, D He, W Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors affecting the vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). METHODS: Totaly 298 women who underwent trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) from Jan 2015 to Dec 2015 were recruited from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, FuXing Hospital, Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Beijing, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and the People's Hospital of Chengyang District of Qingdao. The maternal age, the interval from the last cesarean section, the body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy, the weight gain during pregnancy, the way into labor, the Bishop score before labor, the gestational age and the birth weight of the neonate were recorded in a self-made form...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Mark P Hehir, Adam Mackie, Michael S Robson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcomes of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in women, in spontaneous labor, delivering after 37 weeks' gestation at an institution where trial of labor after a previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) is encouraged and management of labor is standardized. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 3071 women with one previous cesarean only and no vaginal delivery who underwent a trial of labor from 2001 to 2011. Women were managed using the standardized "active management of labor" intrapartum protocol...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Tieying Zhang, Chunna Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether continuing midwifery care has more benefits than standard maternity care in vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). METHODS: This study was conducted on women in labour who had history of previous cesarean section and received vaginal birth in obstetrical department of our hospital from May 2013 to November 2014. The included patients were divided randomly into observation group and control group. The women in labour allocated to the observation group received continuing midwifery care, and those to control group received standard maternity care in all the stages of labour...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Maralyn Foureur, Sabera Turkmani, Danielle C Clack, Deborah L Davis, Lyndall Mollart, Bernadette Leiser, Caroline S E Homer
PROBLEM: One of the greatest contributors to the overall caesarean section rate is elective repeat caesarean section. BACKGROUND: Decisions around mode of birth are often complex for women and influenced by the views of the doctors and midwives who care for and counsel women. Women may be more likely to choose a repeat elective caesarean section (CS) if their health care providers lack skills and confidence in supporting vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC)...
June 15, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Susan Folsom, M Sean Esplin, Sean Edmunds, Torri D Metz, G Marc Jackson, T Flint Porter, Michael W Varner
Objective We sought to identify factors influencing a woman's decision to have an elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCD) versus vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). Methods and Materials A prospective study at two academic medical centers of women with one prior cesarean, and no contraindication to a trial of labor, delivered by ERCD from October 2013 to June 2014. Participants completed anonymous surveys during their delivery hospitalization. Counseling was considered adequate if women reported being counseled, recalled being quoted a VBAC success probability, and this probability was within 20% of that derived from an established VBAC success prediction model...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Ikuyo Torigoe, Brett Shorten, Shizuka Yoshida, Allison Shorten
OBJECTIVES: in the context of a rising caesarean section (CS) rate in Japan, the objectives of this study were; to investigate the national situation for women's birth options after primary CS; to explore characteristics of institutions accepting planned vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC); to identify the timing and type of information given to women about their birth options by health professionals. DESIGN: a national census study using a self-administered postal survey of nursing managers within obstetric departments in Japanese hospitals and clinics was conducted...
June 2016: Midwifery
Amos Grunebaum, Frank A Chervenak
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increase of vaginal births after cesarean (VBAC) among planned home births. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risks of Apgar score of zero and seizure or serious neurologic dysfunction for newborns of patients delivering at home with a VBAC. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of the 2007-2013 CDC birth certificate data for infants at term (37 weeks and over) with a birthweights over 2,499 grams, and mothers with a prior cesarean delivery (pCD)...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ahmed Abdel Aziz, Amal Abd Rabbo, Waleed A Sayed Ahmed, Rasha E Khamees, Khaled A Atwa
OBJECTIVE: To validate a prediction model for vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) that incorporates variables available at admission for delivery among Middle Eastern women. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study enrolled women at 37weeks of pregnancy or more with cephalic presentation who were willing to attempt a trial of labor (TOL) after a single prior low transverse cesarean delivery at Al-Jahra Hospital, Kuwait, between June 2013 and June 2014. The predicted success rate of VBAC determined via the close-to-delivery prediction model of Grobman et al...
July 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Helen K White, Andrée le May, Elizabeth R Cluett
BACKGROUND: Research is yet to identify effective and safe interventions to increase the vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) rate. This research aimed to compare intended and actual VBAC rates before and after implementation of midwife-led antenatal care for women with one previous cesarean birth and no other risk factors in a large, tertiary maternity hospital in England. METHODS: This was a retrospective, comparative cohort study. Data were collected from the medical records of women with one previous lower segment cesarean delivery and no other obstetric, medical, or psychological complications who gave birth at the hospital before (2008) and after (2011) the implementation of midwife-led antenatal care...
September 2016: Birth
Marian F MacDorman, Eugene Declercq
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital births are increasing in the United States. Our purpose was to examine trends in out-of-hospital births from 2004 to 2014, and to analyze newly available data on risk status and access to care. METHODS: Newly available data from the revised birth certificate for 47 states and Washington, DC, were used to examine out-of-hospital births by characteristics and to compare them with hospital births. Trends from 2004 to 2014 were also examined...
June 2016: Birth
Corina Christmann-Schmid, Luigi Raio, Katrin Scheibner, Martin Müller, Daniel Surbek
PURPOSE: Caesarean sections (CS) have significantly increased worldwide and a previous CS is nowadays an important and increasingly reported indication to perform a repeat CS. There is a paucity of information in Switzerland on the incidence of repeat CS after previous CS and relationship between the rates of vaginal birth after CS (VBAC). The aim of this study was to analyse the actual trend in VBAC in Switzerland. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to analyse the proportion of VBAC among all pregnant women with previous sections which give birth during two time periods (group 1:1998/1999 vs...
March 15, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Mairead Black, Siladitya Bhattacharya, Sam Philip, Jane E Norman, David J McLernon
BACKGROUND: Global cesarean section (CS) rates range from 1% to 52%, with a previous CS being the commonest indication. Labour following a previous CS carries risk of scar rupture, with potential for offspring hypoxic brain injury, leading to high rates of repeat elective CS. However, the effect of delivery by CS on long-term outcomes in children is unclear. Increasing evidence suggests that in avoiding exposure to maternal bowel flora during labour or vaginal birth, offspring delivered by CS may be adversely affected in terms of energy uptake from the gut and immune development, increasing obesity and asthma risks, respectively...
March 2016: PLoS Medicine
Amarnath Bhide, Vedrana Caric, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and to validate a previously established prediction model. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were obtained for women with one prior low-transverse cesarean procedure who underwent a trial of labor with a cephalic singleton pregnancy at term at one UK hospital between January 2000 and August 2013. Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to identify maternal demographic characteristics significantly associated with successful VBAC and factors independently associated with this outcome, respectively...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Malene M Andersen, Dorthe L A Thisted, Isis Amer-Wåhlin, Lone Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiotocographic abnormalities recorded during labour in women with prior caesarean delivery (CD) and complete uterine rupture with those recorded in controls with prior CD without uterine rupture. STUDY DESIGN: Women with complete uterine rupture during labour between 1997 and 2008 were identified in the Danish Medical Birth Registry (n = 181). Cases were validated by review of medical records and 53 cases with prior CD, trial of labour, available cardiotocogram (CTG) and complete uterine rupture were included and compared with 43 controls with prior CD, trial of labour and available CTG...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"