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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455594/vaginal-birth-after-a-cesarean-delivery-for-arrest-of-descent
#1
Nathan S Fox, Amalia G Namath, Munira Ali, Mariam Naqvi, Simi Gupta, Andrei Rebarber
OBJECTIVE: To determine vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) success rates for patients with a prior cesarean delivery (CD) for arrest of descent, as well as determine any predictors for success. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients delivered by a single MFM practice from 2005-2017 with a singleton pregnancy and one prior CD for arrest of descent. We estimated the rate and associated risk factors for successful VBAC. RESULTS: We included 208 patients with one prior CD for arrest of descent, 100 (48...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449665/prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery-in-chinese-parturients
#2
Juan Wen, Xuejing Song, Hongjuan Ding, Xiaofeng Shen, Rong Shen, Ling-Qun Hu, Wei Long
There is an urgent need in China to better predict vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) to face the challenge of the second child policy. We aimed to validate a widely used VBAC prediction model (Grobman's model) and a modified version of this model in a Chinese population. In this retrospective cohort study, 444 women with one cesarean delivery and at least one subsequent attempt for a trial of labor in Nanjing, China were included. The considered potential VBAC predictors included Grobman's background variables and five new variables...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421833/choice-of-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-and-association-with-likelihood-of-success
#3
Leanna S Sudhof, Phinnara Has, Dwight J Rouse, Brenna L Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the predicted chance of success is associated with the choice to undergo trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women with a single prior nonelective cesarean delivering a term singleton in 2012 at a tertiary care hospital. A vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) score (likelihood of success) was estimated for each patient. The primary outcome was percentage of women choosing TOLAC among women with favorable (> 70% likelihood) and unfavorable VBAC scores...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365328/outcomes-of-spontaneous-labor-in-women-undergoing-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-as-compared-with-nulliparous-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Sarah C Lassey, Julian N Robinson, Anjali J Kaimal, Sarah E Little
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare spontaneous labor outcomes in women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and nulliparas to better counsel women. STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year retrospective cohort. We included women at term in spontaneous labor with vertex singletons and no more than one prior cesarean delivery. In planned secondary analysis, we focused on a subset of women with a prior cesarean and a predicted likelihood of a successful vaginal delivery of 70% or more based on the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units-vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) calculator...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343215/women-s-decision-making-processes-and-the-influences-on-their-mode-of-birth-following-a-previous-caesarean-section-in-taiwan-a-qualitative-study
#5
Shu-Wen Chen, Alison M Hutchinson, Cate Nagle, Tracey K Bucknall
BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is an alternative option for women who have had a previous caesarean section (CS); however, uptake is limited because of concern about the risks of uterine rupture. The aim of this study was to explore women's decision-making processes and the influences on their mode of birth following a previous CS. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used. The research comprised three stages. Stage I consisted of naturalistic observation at 33-34 weeks' gestation...
January 17, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229362/french-validation-and-adaptation-of-the-grobman-nomogram-for-prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#6
Jean-Baptiste Haumonte, Mélina Raylet, Marie Christophe, Franck Mauviel, Armelle Bertrand, Raoul Desbriere, Claude d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predict vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226309/medical-malpractice-liability-exposure-and-ob-gyn-physician-delivery-decisions
#7
Christine Piette Durrance, Scott Hankins
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effect of physician medical malpractice liability exposure on primary Cesarean and vaginal births after Cesarean (VBACs). DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data on hospital births from Florida Hospital Inpatient File, physician characteristics from American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, and physician malpractice claim history from Florida Office of Insurance Regulation. STUDY DESIGN: Our study estimates the effects of physician malpractice liability exposure on Cesareans and VBACs using panel data and a multivariate, fixed effects model...
December 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202726/large-reductions-in-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-china-a-qualitative-study-on-delivery-decision-making-in-the-era-of-the-two-child-policy
#8
Eileen Wang, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In 2010, China's cesarean delivery (CD) rates increased to one of the highest in the world, a significant proportion of which were without medical indication. However, recent studies have indicated some declines, coinciding with national and local efforts to promote vaginal birth, as well as the relaxation of the one-child policy. Considering these trends, we aimed to qualitatively explore attitudes towards childbirth and experiences of delivery decision-making among women and physicians...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071835/-evolution-of-cesarean-section-rates-according-to-robson-classification-in-a-swiss-maternity-hospital
#9
Ahmad Haydar, Yvan Vial, David Baud, David Desseauve
We conducted a retrospective study was conducted in the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) including all births between the 1st January 1997 and 31st December 2011 to analyze the cesarean section (CS) rate using the different groups of the Robson classification in a Swiss maternity hospital. The overall CS rate was 29 %, mainly related to group 5 (multiparous with previous CS) and group 2 (nulliparous women induced or who had CS before labor). The study also shows that induction of labor on maternal request in nulliparous at term (group 2a) increased significantly the risk of CS compared to induction of labor for medical reason (p<0...
October 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064970/practice-bulletin-no-184-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#10
(no author information available yet)
Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level, VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and a decreased risk of complications in future pregnancies as well as a decrease in the overall cesarean delivery rate at the population level (1-3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064964/practice-bulletin-no-184-summary-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#11
(no author information available yet)
Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level, VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and a decreased risk of complications in future pregnancies as well as a decrease in the overall cesarean delivery rate at the population level (1-3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052016/prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-one-ceasarean-delivery-for-non-progressive-labor
#12
Yossi Mizrachi, Elad Barber, Michal Kovo, Jacob Bar, Samuel Lurie
PURPOSE: A model exists that predicts the probability of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). That model is not stratified by indication at first cesarean. The aim of the study was to identify factors that may predict successful VBAC in patients operated for arrest of dilatation or descent at their first cesarean. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all women with trials of labor after one cesarean (TOLAC) for non-progressive labor between November 2008 and October 2015 was performed (n = 231)...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045299/the-future-of-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-the-united-states
#13
Mark A Clapp, William H Barth
The US cesarean delivery rate remains 30%-32%. Increases in maternal age, obesity, and diabetes put upward pressure on this rate. Alternatives to cesarean delivery, vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), and operative vaginal delivery, are underutilized and there are substantial challenges to their resurgence. Practice guidelines offer promise, but demonstrate only minor reductions in cesarean delivery. We estimate that the overall rate in the US will remain 27%-30% for the immediate future. As more states move to recognize the independent practice of midwifery and more payers seek lower cost options for childbirth, we anticipate the overall rate will drop to 20% or 25%, but not for another 15 years or more...
December 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033119/interpregnancy-weight-change-and-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Chelsea Lynes, Alexander C McLain, Edwina H Yeung, Paul Albert, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian
PURPOSE: Examine associations between interpregnancy body mass index (BMI) change (difference in the pre-pregnancy BMIs of two consecutive pregnancies) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-eclampsia (PE), gestational hypertension (GHtn), primary cesarean delivery, and vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). METHODS: Modified Poisson regression models estimated adjusted associations. RESULTS: Every 1-unit increase in interpregnancy BMI increased risks of GDM (relative risk [RR]: 1...
October 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017359/antenatal-scoring-system-in-predicting-the-success-of-planned-vaginal-birth-following-one-previous-caesarean-section
#15
Aida Kalok, Shahril A Zabil, Muhammad Abdul Jamil, Pei Shan Lim, Mohamad Nasir Shafiee, Nirmala Kampan, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail
This was a prospective observational study to determine the predictive factors for a successful vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) and to develop a relevant antenatal scoring system. Patients with one previous caesarean section were included in this study. All data including maternal demographics, obstetric history, pregnancy progress and outcomes were collected and analysed. A total of 142 out of the 186 women (76.3%) had successful VBAC. History of previous vaginal delivery and non-recurrent indications for previous caesarean section were the significant predictive factors for a successful VBAC...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931404/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-reduce-major-perinatal-morbidity-among-women-with-one-prior-cesarean-delivery-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-prisma-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
N Chaillet, E Bujold, B Masse, W A Grobman, P Rozenberg, J C Pasquier, A Shorten, M Johri, F Beaudoin, H Abenhaim, S Demers, W Fraser, M Dugas, S Blouin, E Dubé, R Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Rates of cesarean delivery are continuously increasing in industrialized countries, with repeated cesarean accounting for about a third of all cesareans. Women who have undergone a first cesarean are facing a difficult choice for their next pregnancy, i.e.: (1) to plan for a second cesarean delivery, associated with higher risk of maternal complications than vaginal delivery; or (b) to have a trial of labor (TOL) with the aim to achieve a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and to accept a significant, but rare, risk of uterine rupture and its related maternal and neonatal complications...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810843/trial-of-labour-or-elective-repeat-caesarean-delivery-are-women-making-an-informed-decision-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#17
Phocas Biraboneye S, Omondi Ogutu, Jos van Roosmalen, Samson Wanjala, Kizito Lubano, John Kinuthia
BACKGROUND: Trial of labour is a safe option for most women after one previous caesarean delivery. However, the proportion of women attempting trial of labour after previous caesarean delivery (TOLAC) has been declining in many countries. In addition, women with prior caesarean delivery appear to know little regarding their mode of delivery and healthcare providers' recommendations. The doctors' preferences exert a strong influence on patient's decision whether or not to pursue TOLAC...
August 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681441/university-women-s-and-men-s-mindsets-surrounding-postcesarean-birth-findings-and-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#18
Elizabeth Soliday, Gillian Grant, Jillian James, Bailey Noell, Joel Samaduroff
BACKGROUND: Nearly twice as many women report preferring vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) than actually undergo it. It is unknown whether the preference pattern would hold in childbearing-aged individuals who had not yet been directly influenced by care experiences. We therefore examined postcesarean birth preferences in nulliparous university women and men to provide additional evidence to help advance related policy and practice. METHODS: An online study of 558 university women and 164 men who read a hypothetical postcesarean birth scenario was conducted...
July 5, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675426/stage-of-labor-at-admission-among-ugandan-women-with-a-prior-cesarean-and-its-impact-on-management-and-delivery-outcomes
#19
Adeline A Boatin, Elly Agaba, Baltazar Nyongozi, Blair J Wylie
OBJECTIVE: To describe stage of labor at admission among women with a prior cesarean, and examine its impact on intrapartum management and delivery mode. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, women admitted to Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda, for delivery were enrolled between March and June 2015. Rates of vaginal delivery (VBAC) and in-hospital trial of labor (TOL) were compared between early (<4 cm dilation) and late (≥4 cm) presenters. Women were interviewed after delivery about decision making and labor preferences...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622143/epidural-analgesia-at-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-tolac-a-significant-adjunct-to-successful-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-vbac
#20
Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Maayan Bas-Lando, Lior Drukker, Fred Haouzi, Rivka Farkash, Arnon Samueloff, Alexander Ioscovich
INTRODUCTION: Epidural analgesia has been considered a risk factor for labor dystocia at trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and uterine rupture. We evaluated the association between exposure to epidural during TOLAC and mode of delivery and maternal-neonatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single center retrospective study of women that consented to TOLAC within a strict protocol between 2006 and 2013. Epidural "users" were compared to "non-users". Primary outcome was the mode of delivery: repeat in-labor cesarean or vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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