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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904554/effect-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-on-insulin-resistance-among-prediabetic-patients-a-pilot-study-and-single-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Ali Kachuei, Masoud Amini, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Awat Feizi, Pooria Hamedani, Bijan Iraj
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the prevalent type of diabetes in the world. Prediabetic patients are the most probable group to get diabetes. Several studies have mentioned the role of inflammation in the incidence of diabetes. The origin of inflammation can be infection such as Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. This study was designed to explore the effect of HP eradication on insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 2014-2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903986/adult-t-cell-leukemia-aggressivenness-correlates-with-loss-of-both-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-and-tet2-expression
#2
Ambroise Marçais, Laetitia Waast, Julie Bruneau, Katia Hanssens, Vahid Asnafi, Philippe Gaulard, Felipe Suarez, Patrice Dubreuil, Antoine Gessain, Olivier Hermine, Claudine Pique
Mutations in TET2, encoding one of the TET members responsible for the conversion of DNA cytosine methylation to hydroxymethylation (5-hmc), have been recently described in Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1-associated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). However, neither the amount of genomic 5-hmc in ATLL tumor cells nor TET2 expression has been studied yet. In this study, we analyzed these two parameters as well as the mutational status of TET2 in ATLL patients. By employing a direct in situ approach, we documented that tumor T cells infiltrating lymph nodes exhibit low level of 5-hmc compared to residual normal T cells...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902522/the-effect-of-topical-use-of-petroselinum-crispum-parsley-versus-that-of-hydroquinone-cream-on-reduction-of-epidermal-melasma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Shahla Khosravan, Ali Alami, Hossein Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam, Vahide Ramezani
Melasma disfigures the skin and thus influences people's self-image and self-concept. Therefore, melasma influences emotional and psychosocial health in addition to physical health. This clinical trial was performed to assess the effect of the topical use of Petroselinum crispum (parsley) on reduction of the severity of epidermal melasma.
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898375/the-mediating-effects-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-physical-symptoms-evidence-from-iranian-asthmatic-patients
#4
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Vahid Khosravani, Razieh Jamaati Ardakani, Amin Alvani, Hedayat Akbari
Asthma is a chronic and episodic psychosomatic disease whose symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) as mediators on the relationships between alexithymia subscales and physical symptoms (PS). 300 asthmatic patients (males=42.7%, females=57.3%, age range=16-65, mean age=29.40) and 100 normal controls participated in the study and completed the demographic questionnaire, the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), the Persian version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (FTAS-20), and the Powell & Enright Physical Symptoms Inventory (PSI)...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896236/the-effect-of-bcaa-and-iso-whey-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-dialysis-adequacy
#5
Effat Afaghi, Ali Tayebi, Abbas Ebadi, Vahid Sobhani, Behzad Einollahi, Mehdi Tayebi
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition is a common problem in hemodialysis patients and has different outcomes such as reduced quality of life, longer hospitalization time, lower dialysis adequacy, and higher mortality rate. Investigation of dialysis adequacy is an important method for assessing hemodialysis patients, and improving the dialysis adequacy is an important healthcare team goal. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate and compare the effects of BCAA and ISO-WHEY oral nutritional supplements on dialysis adequacy...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895739/gene-expression-profiling-of-the-8q22-24-position-in-human-breast-cancer-tspyl5-mtdh-atad2-and-ccne2-genes-are-implicated-in-oncogenesis-while-wisp1-and-ext1-genes-may-predict-a-risk-of-metastasis
#6
Afsoon Taghavi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Mohammad Hashemi-Bahremani, Nahid Nafissi, Ahad Khalilnezhad, Seyed Mohammad Poorhosseini, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Vahid Reza Yassaee
Gene expression profiling has been suggested to predict breast cancer outcome. The prognostic value of the 8q22-24 position in breast cancer remains to be elucidated. The present study evaluated expression patterns of the genes located at this position in metastatic and non-metastatic breast cancer. A total of 85 patients with recurrent/metastatic (n=15) and non-metastatic (n=70) early-stage, estrogen receptor-positive and lymph node-negative breast tumors were included. In addition, 15 normal breast tissue samples were used as controls...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892679/anti-heat-shock-protein-27-antibody-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-association-with-disease-complications-and-two-year-disease-free-survival
#7
Fatemeh Homaei-Shandiz, Hassan Mehrad-Majd, Mojtaba Tasbandi, Amir Aledavood, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Vahid Ghavami, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Background and Aim: Breast cancer is a major healthcare problem in women. There are many reports about up-regulation of Hsp27 in cancer tissues but less is known about the potential relationship between Hsp27 antibody levels and breast cancer complications. We here investigated concentrations of serum Hsp27 antigen and antibodies in subjects with and without breast cancer and assessed potential associations with two-year disease-free survival, histological grade and number of lymph nodes. Materials and Methods: Specifically, serum Hsp27 antigen and antibody levels from 97 patients with breast cancer, and 65 healthy controls were determined by enzyme-linkedimmunosorbent assays (ELISAs)...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891557/exogenous-expression-of-nt-3-and-trkc-genes-in-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-elevated-the-survival-rate-of-the-cells-in-the-course-of-neural-differentiation
#8
Houri Edalat, Zahra Hajebrahimi, Vahid Pirhajati, Mahmoud Tavallaei, Mansoureh Movahedin, Seyed Javad Mowla
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are attractive cellular sources for cell therapy of many diseases, specifically neurodegenerative ones. The potential capability of BMSCs could be further augmented by enhancing their neuroprotective property, differentiation potential, and survival rate subsequent to transplantation. Therefore, a concurrent upregulation of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its high affinity receptor, tyrosin kinase C (TrkC), was utilized in our study. BMSCs were cotransfected with pDsRed1-N1-NT-3 and pCMX-TrkC plasmids before induction of neural differentiation...
November 28, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891464/awareness-of-eco-friendly-dentistry-among-dental-faculty-and-students-of-king-khalid-university-saudi-arabia
#9
Mohammed A Al-Qarni, Nasim Vahid Shakeela, Mohammed Abdullah Alamri, Yahya A Alshaikh
INTRODUCTION: Eco-friendly or green dentistry can be a reality by effectively designing dental clinics and using more eco-friendly materials in the clinical practice. AIM: To determine the awareness of eco-friendly dentistry among dental faculty and students in preparation for future implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of knowledge regarding eco-friendly dentistry was done using an 18 item self-administered questionnaire among 160 participants...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888111/neutralizing-human-recombinant-antibodies-against-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-glycoproteins-b-from-a-phage-displayed-scfv-antibody-library
#10
Vahid Bagheri, Foroogh Nejatollahi, Seyed Alireza Esmaeili, Amir Abbas Momtazi, Mohamad Motamedifar, Amirhossein Sahebkar
The HSV-1 envelope glycoprotein B (gB) plays a critical role in virus entry into host cells. Neutralizing antibodies can therefore potentially prevent virus entry into target cells and cell-to-cell spread of infection. Our present study focused on the selection of neutralizing single-chain Fv (scFv) antibodies of a phage-displayed nonimmune human scFv antibody library against gB of HSV-1. To enrich specific scFvs, two phage antibodies were isolated against amino acid residues 31-43 derived from the N-terminal part of gB using panning technique...
November 22, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884791/immunomodulatory-effect-of-characterized-extract-of-zataria-multiflora-on-th1-th2-and-th17-in-normal-and-th2-polarization-state
#11
Majid Kianmehr, Abdolrahim Rezaei, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Khazdair, Ramin Rezaee, Vahid Reza Askari, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
The effect of the extract of Zataria multiflora (Z. multiflora) on IFN-γ, FOXP3, IL-4, TGF-β, and IL-17 gene expression was evaluated in cultured splenocytes obtained from control, nontreated asthma or sensitized mice (group S), Sensetized animals treated with dexamethasone or three concentrations of Z. multiflora extract (200, 400 and 800 μg/ml) (n = 6, for each group). IFN-γ and FOXP3 gene expressions were significantly decreased (P < 0.001 for both cases) but IL-4 (P < 0.001) and IL-17 (P < 0...
November 21, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884670/preparation-of-ecofriendly-uv-protective-food-packaging-material-by-starch-tio2-bio-nanocomposite-characterization
#12
Vahid Goudarzi, Iman Shahabi-Ghahfarrokhi, Amin Babaei-Ghazvini
In this study, ecofriendly starch/TiO2 bio-nanocomposites were produced using with different nano-TiO2 (TiO2) content (1, 3, and 5 (wt%)). Physical, mechanical, thermal, water-vapor permeability (WVP) properties and UV transmittance were investigated. Our results showed that the increasing TiO2 content increased the hydrophobicity of starch/TiO2 films. WVP of the bio-nanocomposites was reduced, simultaneously. With increasing TiO2 content, tensile strength and Young's modulus of the film specimens were reduced while elongation at break and tensile energy to break were increased...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882254/nicolau-syndrome-due-to-penicillin-injection-a-report-of-3-cases-without-long-term-complication
#13
Sara Memarian, Behdad Gharib, Mohammd Gharagozlou, Hosein Alimadadi, Zahra Ahmadinejad, Vahid Ziaee
Nicolau syndrome (NS) or livedo-like dermatitis is a rare complication of injection of various medications such as penicillin. The pathophysiology of this events is not clear, but some hypotheses are suggested, such as sympathetic nerve stimulation, embolic occlusion, inflammation, or mechanical injury. In this paper we report 3 cases of NS following benzathine penicillin. Clinical symptoms improved in 2 cases during 2-month follow-up, but one of them had a residual necrosis in the distal phalanges of the toes...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882210/factors-affecting-hookah-smoking-trend-in-the-society-a-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Victoria Momenabadi, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh PhD, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Vahid Reza Borhaninejad
BACKGROUND: An increase in hookah smoking is considered to be a serious health problem in societies withdifferent cigarette smoking patterns. Thus, determinants of increase in this behavior are needed to beidentified. This study aimed to review the articles related to the causes of hookah smoking in the society. METHODS: This study reviewed the scientific references of authentic databases and journals, including Web ofScience, PubMed, Iranian Databases, Elsevier, Embase, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, CDC, and WorldHealth Organization (WHO)...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882208/maternal-separation-and-the-risk-of-drug-abuse-in-later-life
#15
REVIEW
Fatemeh Delavari, Vahid Sheibani, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Nouzar Nakhaee
Maternal separation (MS) is defined as the termination of the continuity of mother-child relationship after the relationship is established. Although MS and maternal deprivation are different in terms of their definitions, these two terms are usually used interchangeably. This review aims to investigate the effect of MS on drug intake in adulthood. It has been proved that animal models are helpful in evaluating the effects of MS on drug intake risk in adulthood. There are relatively acceptable studies in this field on some drugs such as morphine, ethanol, and cocaine...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881793/a-cytogenetic-biomonitoring-of-industrial-radiographers-occupationally-exposed-to-low-levels-of-ionizing-radiation-by-using-cbmn-assay
#16
Mahsa Shakeri, Farideh Zakeri, Vahid Changizi, Mohammad Reza Rajabpour, Mohammad Reza Farshidpour
Industrial radiography is the process of using either gamma-emitting radionuclide sources or X-ray machines to examine the safety of industrial materials. The average annual effective dose in industrial radiography is one of the highest among radiation workers. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytogenetic effects of ionizing radiation in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 60 industrial radiographers and 40 non-exposed individuals as the control group by using cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay...
November 23, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878683/april-gene-polymorphism-and-serum-sapril-levels-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Shideh Namazi, Nader Tajik, Vahid Ziaee, Maryam Sadr, Samaneh Soltani, Arezou Rezaei, Samaneh Zoghi, Nima Rezaei
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-factor autoimmune disorder with diverse clinical manifestations and unclear pathogenesis. Genetic components play important roles in the incidence and development of SLE. Among these, APRIL as a cytokine has roles in the stimulation and antibody production in B cells. APRIL was hypothesized to be associated with SLE. The aim of this study was to assess the involvement of the APRIL gene in SLE susceptibility in Iranian patients. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) for rs11552708 of APRIL gene was analyzed by real-time PCR in 60 SLE Iranian children and 64 healthy controls...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878461/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-among-children-in-iran
#18
Dalileh Aslani, Mostafa Salehi-Vaziri, Vahid Baniasadi, Tahmineh Jalali, Sanam Azad-Manjiri, Tahereh Mohammadi, Sahar Khakifirouz, Mehdi Fazlalipour
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral zoonotic disease which is endemic in Iran. The etiological agent of CCHF is an RNA virus belonging to the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae. CCHF virus (CCHFV) can be transmitted to humans through bites from infected ticks and direct contact with infected blood or tissues. Although the disease has been observed in different age groups, the rate of disease is lower in children and elderly. This study was designed to characterize CCHFV-infected children in Iran...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877002/retracted-article-frequency-of-intestinal-protozoan-parasites-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-south-of-karaj-iran
#19
Mohammad Sabzikarian, Saeideh Najafi, Hosein Amini Anabad, Vahid Behnod, Emad Yahaghi, Koorosh Ahmadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876151/identification-of-an-epitope-from-adenine-nucleotide-translocator-1-that-induces-inflammation-in-heart-in-a-j-mice
#20
Rakesh H Basavalingappa, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Bharathi Krishnan, Arunakumar Gangaplara, Guobin Kang, Vahid Khalilzad-Sharghi, Zhongji Han, Shadi Othman, Qingsheng Li, Jean-Jack Riethoven, Raymond A Sobel, David Steffen, Jay Reddy
Heart failure, a leading cause of death in humans, can emanate from myocarditis. Although most individuals with myocarditis recover spontaneously, some develop chronic dilated cardiomyopathy. Myocarditis may result from both infectious and noninfectious causes, including autoimmune responses to cardiac antigens. In support of this notion, intracellular cardiac antigens, like cardiac myosin heavy chain-α, cardiac troponin-I, and adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (ANT1), have been identified as autoantigens in cardiac autoimmunity...
December 2016: American Journal of Pathology
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