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Joanna J Gan, Andrew Lin, Mersal S Samimi, Mario F Mendez
BACKGROUND: Semantic dementia (SD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of semantic knowledge. SD may be associated with somatic symptom disorder due to excessive preoccupation with unidentified somatic sensations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of somatic symptom disorder among patients with SD in comparison to comparably demented patients with Alzheimer׳s disease. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using clinical data from a referral-based behavioral neurology program...
August 4, 2016: Psychosomatics
M Saha, B C Shil, S K Saha, M Chowdhury, I Perveen, R Banik, M H Rahman
This study was designed to see the prevalence of lactose intolerance and symptom correlation following oral lactose challenge in healthy volunteers in the north east part of Bangladesh. Symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, borborygmi, flatulence, diarrhea and others were noted for 24 hours and blood glucose was estimated at 0 hour and 30 minutes after 50 gm oral lactose load to healthy volunteers. Failure to rise blood glucose level ≥1.1 mmol/l at 30 minutes after lactose intake from fasting level was taken as lactose malabsorption (LM) i...
January 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Annemarie de Vries, Soile Ae Pakkanen, Marja R Raekallio, Abel Ekiri, Mika Scheinin, Polly M Taylor, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of MK-467 on sedation quality, and cardiopulmonary and pharmacokinetic variables in horses sedated intravenously (IV) with romifidine. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, randomized, crossover design. ANIMALS: Seven healthy mares. METHODS: Romifidine (80 μg kg(-1) ; R) and MK-467 (200 μg kg(-1) ; MK) were administered IV alone and in combination (R + MK). Levels of sedation and borborygmi were scored...
February 26, 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Badriul Hegar, Ariani Widodo
"Lactose intolerance (LI)" is considered a common problem in Asians, and in many parts of the world. Its prevalence and age of manifestation varies between by Asian country, for possible genetic or cultural reasons. Studies in Indonesian children 3-15 years old (y) are available within the past two decades, using a pure lactose tolerance test. The prevalences of lactose malabsorption (LM) in pre-elementary (3-5 y), elementary (6-11 y), and junior high (12-14 y) school-children were 21.3%, 57.8%, and 73%, respectively...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Laila Curtis, John Harold Burford, Jennifer Sara Marian Thomas, Marise Linda Curran, Tom Curtis Bayes, Gary Crane William England, Sarah Louise Freeman
BACKGROUND: The majority of research on the evaluation of horses with colic is focused on referral hospital populations. Early identification of critical cases is important to optimise outcome and welfare. The aim of this prospective study was to survey the primary evaluation of horses with clinical signs of abdominal pain by veterinary practitioners, and compare the initial presentation of critical and non-critical cases. RESULTS: Data from 1016 primary evaluations of horses presenting with clinical signs of colic were submitted by 167 veterinary practitioners across the United Kingdom over a 13 month period...
October 6, 2015: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Yanyong Deng, Benjamin Misselwitz, Ning Dai, Mark Fox
Lactose intolerance related to primary or secondary lactase deficiency is characterized by abdominal pain and distension, borborygmi, flatus, and diarrhea induced by lactose in dairy products. The biological mechanism and lactose malabsorption is established and several investigations are available, including genetic, endoscopic and physiological tests. Lactose intolerance depends not only on the expression of lactase but also on the dose of lactose, intestinal flora, gastrointestinal motility, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and sensitivity of the gastrointestinal tract to the generation of gas and other fermentation products of lactose digestion...
September 2015: Nutrients
Kacie M Stetina, Stanley L Marks, Craig E Griffin
BACKGROUND: Determining the cause of pruritus relies on establishing the pattern of abnormal pruritus. The presence of gastrointestinal (GI) disease has also been helpful in determining the cause of pruritus. No study has systematically evaluated typical GI signs and pruritic behaviours in apparently healthy dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate owners' perceptions of pruritus and GI signs in apparently healthy dogs, and determine if age, breed, activity, diet or supplements affected these signs...
August 2015: Veterinary Dermatology
William B Stoughton, Jenifer Gold
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 12-week-old female dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) calf was evaluated because of acute (< 24 hours) inappetence and lethargy. The calf was being bottle-fed because of maternal rejection. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Physical examination revealed decreased bronchovesicular sounds and absent borborygmi. The rectal temperature was 38.9°C (102.0°F). A CBC indicated leukopenia with a degenerative left shift suggestive of a systemic infection. Results of abdominal and thoracic ultrasonography showed severe bicavitary effusion, peripheral lung consolidation, and intestinal hypomotility...
August 1, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
E Jacqz-Aigrain, B Kassai, C Cornu, J-M Cazaubiel, B Housez, M Cazaubiel, J-M Prével, M Bell, A Boileau, P de Cock
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To determine gastrointestinal (GI) responses and maximum tolerated dose of erythritol in young children given as a single oral dose in a 250-ml non-carbonated fruit-flavoured beverage in between meals. This is a multicentre double-blind study with sequential design for multiple dose groups and randomised crossover for comparators of placebo vs dose. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 185 healthy young children aged 4-6 years were recruited at three clinical investigation centres after informed consent of both parents; 184 children completed the study...
June 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M L Rezende, K N Grimsrud, S D Stanley, E P Steffey, K R Mama
The aim of the study was to describe the pharmacokinetics and selected pharmacodynamics of intravenous dexmedetomidine in horses. Eight adult horses received 5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine IV. Blood samples were collected before and for 10 h after drug administration to determine dexmedetomidine plasma concentrations. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis. Data from one outlier were excluded from the statistical summary. Behavioral and physiological responses were recorded before and for 6 h after dexmedetomidine administration...
February 2015: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Giovanna L Costa, Santo Cristarella, Marco Quartuccio, Claudia Interlandi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-nociceptive and sedative effects of slow intravenous (IV) injection of tramadol, romifidine, or a combination of both drugs in ponies. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subject blinded. ANIMALS: Twenty ponies (seven male, 13 female, weighing mean ± SD 268.0 ± 128 kg). METHODS: On separate occasions, each pony received one of the following three treatments IV; romifidine 50 μg kg(-) (R) tramadol 3 mg kg(-1) given over 15 minutes (T) or tramadol 3 mg kg(-1) followed by romifidine 50 μg kg(-1) (RT)...
March 2015: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Fernando Azpiroz, Denis Guyonnet, Yves Donazzolo, David Gendre, Jérôme Tanguy, Francisco Guarner
GOALS: The aim of this study was to validate the ability of symptom frequency questionnaire to differentiate between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and healthy subjects. BACKGROUND: A digestive symptom frequency questionnaire (DSFQ) was previously used in a food efficacy trial in a non-IBS population with mild gastrointestinal symptoms. STUDY: We compared 2 well-defined populations: 100 IBS patients fulfilling Rome III criteria (mean age 32 y; range, 18 to 59 y), and 100 sex-matched and age-matched healthy subjects...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Katharina E P Olsen, Carsten Struve, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) represents a heterogeneous group of E. coli strains. The pathogenicity and clinical relevance of these bacteria are still controversial. In this review, we describe the clinical significance of EAEC regarding patterns of infection in humans, transmission, reservoirs, and symptoms. Manifestations associated with EAEC infection include watery diarrhea, mucoid diarrhea, low-grade fever, nausea, tenesmus, and borborygmi. In early studies, EAEC was considered to be an opportunistic pathogen associated with diarrhea in HIV patients and in malnourished children in developing countries...
July 2014: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
B Guida, R Germanò, R Trio, D Russo, B Memoli, L Grumetto, F Barbato, M Cataldi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), alterations in gut microbiome are posited to be responsible for gastrointestinal symptoms and generation of p-cresol, a uremic toxin that has been associated with CKD progression and cardiovascular mortality. This pilot study investigated whether Probinul-neutro®, a synbiotic that normalizes intestinal microflora, may lower plasma p-cresol concentrations and reduce gastrointestinal symptoms in non-dialyzed CKD patients...
September 2014: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
F Respondek, C Hilpipre, P Chauveau, M Cazaubiel, D Gendre, C Maudet, A Wagner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term digestive tolerance and glycaemic response of several associations of maltitol and short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) used to replace sugars (for example, dextrose) in foods. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirty-six healthy subjects aged 18-60 years were recruited for the study and 32 completed it. The subjects consumed six different mixtures of dextrose, maltitol and scFOS added in a chocolate dairy dessert at a dosage of 35 g...
May 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
V Black, L Garosi, M Lowrie, R J Harvey, J Gale
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the phenotype of Border terriers suspected to be affected by canine epileptoid cramping syndrome and to identify possible contributing factors. METHODS: Owners of Border terriers with suspected canine epileptoid cramping syndrome were invited to complete an online questionnaire. The results of these responses were collated and analysed. RESULTS: Twenty-nine Border terriers were included. Most affected dogs had their first episode before 3 years of age (range: 0·2 to 7·0 years)...
February 2014: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Alan N Barkun, Jonathan Love, Michael Gould, Henryk Pluta, Hillary Steinhart
BACKGROUND: Bile acid malabsorption (BAM) is a common but frequently under-recognized cause of chronic diarrhea, with an estimated prevalence of 4% to 5%. METHODS: The published literature for the period 1965 to 2012 was examined for articles regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of BAM to provide an overview of the management of BAM in gastroenterology practice. RESULTS: BAM is classified as type 1 (secondary to ileal dysfunction), type 2 (idiopathic) or type 3 (secondary to gastrointestinal disorders not associated with ileal dysfunction)...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
Thomas H Witte, Markus Wilke, Christina Stahl, Vendula Jandová, Rhea Haralambus, Reto Straub
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 7-year-old 573-kg (1,261 -lb) Swiss Warmblood gelding was evaluated because of signs of acute abdominal pain. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Physical examination revealed a markedly distended abdomen with subjectively reduced borborygmi in all abdominal quadrants. A large, gas-distended viscus was present at the pelvic brim preventing complete palpation of the abdomen per rectum. Ultrasonographic evaluation could not be safely performed in the initial evaluation because of severe signs of abdominal pain...
October 15, 2013: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Merel M Tielemans, Jeroen Jaspers Focks, Leo G M van Rossum, Ties Eikendal, Jan B M J Jansen, Robert J F Laheij, Martijn G H van Oijen
BACKGROUND: Over the last decades important risk factors for gastrointestinal symptoms have shifted, which may have changed its population prevalence. The aim of this study was to assess the current prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms, appraise associated factors and assess health-related quality of life in the general population. METHODS: A total of 51,869 questionnaires were sent to a representative sample of the Dutch adult general population in December 2008...
2013: PloS One
Yujin Zhu, Xia Zheng, Yanqun Cong, Hua Chu, Michael Fried, Ning Dai, Mark Fox
OBJECTIVES: Bloating and distention are often attributed to dietary factors by patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study examined the effects of gas production and visceral hypersensitivity on digestive symptoms after lactose ingestion in a population with lactase deficiency. METHODS: IBS patients (n=277) and healthy controls (HCs, n=64) underwent a 20-g lactose hydrogen breath test (LHBT) with evaluation of hydrogen gas production and lactose intolerance (LI) symptoms...
September 2013: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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