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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214381/the-value-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-diagnosis-of-flat-pigmented-facial-lesions-a-prospective-study
#1
E Wurm, G Pellacani, C Longo, H P Soyer, S Gonzalez, R Hofmann-Wellenhof, V Ahlgrimm-Siess, P Guitera, C Sinz, H Kittler
BACKGROUND: Flat pigmented facial lesions are difficult to diagnose even with dermatoscopy. It is controversial how additional information obtained by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) impacts the diagnosis and management. OBJECTIVE: To examine what in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy of flat pigmented facial lesions adds to clinical examination using dermatoscopy including digital dermatoscopic monitoring. METHODS: We prospectively collected 70 cases of flat pigmented facial lesions and recorded diagnoses and management decisions by experts based on direct clinical examination aided by dermatoscopy including digital dermatoscopic monitoring and by remote experts who reviewed the corresponding confocal images...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214377/reciprocal-translocation-of-small-numbers-of-inbred-individuals-rescues-immunogenetic-diversity
#2
Catherine E Grueber, Jolene T Sutton, Sol Heber, James V Briskie, Ian G Jamieson, Bruce C Robertson
Genetic rescue can reduce inbreeding depression and increase fitness of small populations, even when the donor populations are highly inbred. In a recent experiment involving two inbred island populations of the South Island robin, Petroica australis, reciprocal translocations improved microsatellite diversity and individual fitness. While microsatellite loci may reflect patterns of genome-wide diversity, they generally do not indicate the specific genetic regions responsible for increased fitness. We tested the effectiveness of this reciprocal translocation for rescuing diversity of two immunogenetic regions: toll-like receptor (TLR) and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214274/intra-abdominal-fungal-pseudomycetoma-in-two-cats
#3
Matheus V Bianchi, Cláudio J M Laisse, Thainã P Vargas, Flademir Wouters, Fabiana M Boabaid, Saulo P Pavarini, Laerte Ferreiro, David Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Pseudomycetomas are deep cutaneous to subcutaneous lesions caused by Microsporum canis mainly described in Persian cats, with few reports of intra-abdominal location. This report describes the clinical signs and lesions of intra-abdominal pseudomycetomas caused by M. canis in two Persian cats. CASE REPORT: Two Persian cats with a history of previous laparotomy (ovariohysterectomy and nephrostomy) and fecal impaction were examined. Cat #1 was euthanized and subjected to necropsy, histopathology and mycological evaluation...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214244/evaluation-of-the-non-compliance-with-grouping-guidelines-which-may-lead-to-wrong-blood-in-tube-an-observational-study-and-risk-factor-analysis
#4
A Daurat, E Boudet, G Daurat, C Roger, J-C Gris, V Tunez, M-C Gaste, J-Y Lefrant
BACKGROUND: In France, blood group determination requires the completion of two samples collected at two different times to detect identity mistake and "wrong blood in tube". The aims of the present study were: (1) to evaluate the compliance with guidelines and (2) to identify risk factors of non-compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples for ABO group determination collected between January 1st and December 15th, 2013 in the University hospital of Nîmes, France were analyzed...
February 14, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214241/improvement-of-operational-stability-of-ogataea-minuta-carbonyl-reductase-for-chiral-alcohol-production
#5
Kohsuke Honda, Mizuha Inoue, Tomohiro Ono, Kenji Okano, Yasumasa Dekishima, Hiroshi Kawabata
Directed evolution of enantio-selective carbonyl reductase from Ogataea minuta was conducted to improve the operational stability of the enzyme. A mutant library was constructed by an error-prone PCR and screened using a newly developed colorimetric assay. The stability of a mutant with two amino acid substitutions was significantly higher than that of the wild type at 50°C in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide. Site-directed mutagenesis analysis showed that the improved stability of the enzyme can be attributed to the amino acid substitution of V166A...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214212/primary-multiple-tumor-with-affection-of-the-thyroid-gland-uterus-urinary-bladder-mammary-gland-and-other-organs
#6
А Romaniuk, M Lyndin, V Smiyanov, Vl Sikora, A Rieznik, Y Kuzenko, H Budko, Yu Moskalenko, L Karpenko, Vol Sikora, O Gladchenko
BACKGROUND: Nowadays multiple primary tumor is characterized by growth and development of two or more tumors in one patient. The total world sickness rate ranges from 1% to 37%. The presence of four or more tumors in one patient is rare case and presented as casuistry. CASE PRESENTATION: We showed a case of multiple primary tumor with metahronic lesion of the thyroid, uterus and breast, followed by synchronous benign tumors of the subcutaneous fat, urinary bladder and gallbladder were considered...
January 19, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214204/detection-of-occult-endocervical-glandular-dysplasia-in-cervical-conization-specimens-for-squamous-lesions
#7
F Sopracordevole, N Clemente, L Alessandrini, J Di Giuseppe, F Cigolot, M Buttignol, A Ciavattini, V Canzonieri
The aim of this work was to evaluate the incidence of occult cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia (CGIN) and adenocarcinoma of the cervix (AC) in women treated with CO2-laser conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or squamocellular cervical cancer (SCC). The medical records of all women with a histological diagnosis of squamous lesions of the uterine cervix (persistent CIN1, CIN2, CIN3 and SCC) who were subsequently treated with CO2-laser conization at our institution, during the period from January 1991 to December 2014, were analyzed in a retrospective case series...
January 12, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214191/potential-of-different-am-fungi-native-from-as-contaminated-and-uncontaminated-soils-for-supporting-leucaena-leucocephala-growth-in-as-contaminated-soil
#8
Jerusa Schneider, Jochen Bundschuh, Wesley de Melo Rangel, Luiz Roberto Guimarães Guilherme
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi inoculation is considered a potential biotechnological tool for an eco-friendly remediation of hazardous contaminants. However, the mechanisms explaining how AM fungi attenuate the phytotoxicity of metal(oid)s, in particular arsenic (As), are still not fully understood. The influence of As on plant growth and the antioxidant system was studied in Leucaena leucocephala plants inoculated with different isolates of AM fungi and exposed to increasing concentrations of As (0, 35, and 75 mg dm(-3)) in a Typic Quartzipsamment soil...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214183/-misuse-and-dependence-on-prescription-opioids-prevention-identification-and-treatment
#9
B Rolland, D Bouhassira, N Authier, M Auriacombe, V Martinez, P Polomeni, G Brousse, R Schwan, P Lack, J Bachellier, S Rostaing, P Bendimerad, P Vergne-Salle, M Dematteis, S Perrot
Since the 1990s, the use of prescription opioids has largely spread, which has brought a real progress in the treatment of pain. The long-term use of prescription opioid is sometimes required, and may lead to pharmacological tolerance and withdrawal symptoms, i.e. pharmacological dependence on prescription opioids. Occasionally, this may also lead to misuse of prescription opioids (MPO). MPO preferentially occurs in vulnerable individuals, i.e., those with a young age, history of other addictive or psychiatric disorders, especially anxious and depressive disorders...
February 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214142/-a-case-of-rhinofacial-entomophthoromycosis-in-soudano-sahelian-tropical-climate-in-burkina-faso
#10
S Bamba, V Konsegré, A Zida, I Sangaré, M Cissé, R Beogo, B Diallo, J B Andonaba, R T Guiguemdé
We describe a rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis case in a sexagenarian (65 years old) housewife. She was immunocompetent and resident of Burkina Faso. She consulted both the service of dermatology and the service of stomatology of the Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso in February 2016 for a diffuse facial tumefaction evolving over six months. This tumefaction was associated with headaches and a left nasal obstruction. Histological examination of the lesion showed an important and polymorphic inflammatory reaction...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214134/intensification-of-heterogeneously-catalyzed-suzuki-miyaura-cross-coupling-reaction-using-ultrasound-understanding-effect-of-operating-parameters
#11
Sonam V Sancheti, Parag R Gogate
Palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction is a significant reaction for obtaining industrially important products. The current research work deals with intensification of reaction of 4-bromoanisole and phenylboronic acid catalyzed with 5wt% Pd/C (5% by weight Pd supported on C available as commercial catalyst) using ultrasound and more importantly, without use of any additional phase transfer catalyst. Heterogeneous catalyst has been selected in the present work so as to harness the benefits of easy separation and the possible limitations of heterogeneous operation are minimized by introducing ultrasonic irradiations...
January 27, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214128/robotic-arch-catheter-placement-reduces-cerebral-embolization-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-tevar
#12
A H Perera, C V Riga, L Monzon, R G Gibbs, C D Bicknell, M Hamady
OBJECTIVE: Stroke caused by cerebral embolization constitutes a principal risk during arch manipulation and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This study investigates the incidence of cerebral embolization during catheter placement in the aortic arch, and compares robotic and manual techniques. METHODS: Intra-operative transcranial Doppler (TCD) was performed in 11 patients undergoing TEVAR. Wire and catheter placement in the arch was performed by two experienced operators...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214114/effects-of-salvage-logging-on-soil-properties-and-vegetation-recovery-in-a-fire-affected-mediterranean-forest-a-two-year-monitoring-research
#13
F García-Orenes, V Arcenegui, K Chrenková, J Mataix-Solera, J Moltó, A B Jara-Navarro, M P Torres
Post-fire management can have an additional impact on the ecosystem; in some cases, even more severe than the fire. Salvage logging (SL) is a common practice in most fire-affected areas. The management of burnt wood can determine microclimatic conditions and seriously affect soil properties. In some cases, the way of doing it, using heavy machinery, and the vulnerability of soils to erosion and degradation can make this management potentially aggressive to soil. Research was done in "Sierra de Mariola Natural Park" (E Spain)...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214113/classification-and-assessment-models-of-first-year-byproducts-nitrogen-plant-availability-from-literature-data
#14
Claude-Alla Joseph, Lotfi Khiari, Jacques Gallichand, Sidki Bouslama
Byproducts can provide an important amount of nutrients for crops and improve soils properties. According to their C/N, nitrogen (N) mineralization or immobilization may be observed after their application onto agricultural land. Therefore, an indicator is needed to assess byproducts N availability for crops. Thirty-seven studies from the scientific literature on N mineralization or immobilization after application to agricultural land under a wide range of climatic and experimental conditions were collected in order to elaborate models assessing non-composted byproducts N availability during the first growing season according to the C/N ratio...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214103/tracking-the-evolution-and-differences-between-guest-induced-phases-of-ga-mil-53-via-ultra-wideline-69-71-ga-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#15
Yue Zhang, Bryan E G Lucier, Victor V Terskikh, Renlong Zheng, Yining Huang
Ga-MIL-53 is a metal-organic framework (MOF) that exhibits a "breathing effect," in which the pore size and overall MOF topology can be influenced by temperature, pressure, and host-guest interactions. The phase control afforded by this flexible framework renders Ga-MIL-53 a promising material for guest storage and sensing applications. In this work, the structure and behavior of four Ga-MIL-53 phases (as, ht, enp and lt), along with CO2 adsorbed within Ga-MIL-53 at various loading levels, has been investigated using (69/71)Ga solid-state NMR (SSNMR) experiments at 21...
January 31, 2017: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214054/-downhill-esophageal-varices-secondary-to-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-and-abnormal-factor-v
#16
A J Gómez-Aldana, M A Gómez-Zuleta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214038/maximising-synergy-among-tropical-plant-systematists-ecologists-and-evolutionary-biologists
#17
REVIEW
Timothy R Baker, R Toby Pennington, Kyle G Dexter, Paul V A Fine, Helen Fortune-Hopkins, Euridice N Honorio, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Bente B Klitgård, Gwilym P Lewis, Haroldo C de Lima, Peter Ashton, Christopher Baraloto, Stuart Davies, Michael J Donoghue, Maria Kaye, W John Kress, Caroline E R Lehmann, Abel Monteagudo, Oliver L Phillips, Rodolfo Vasquez
Closer collaboration among ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists working in tropical forests, centred on studies within long-term permanent plots, would be highly beneficial for their respective fields. With a key unifying theme of the importance of vouchered collection and precise identification of species, especially rare ones, we identify four priority areas where improving links between these communities could achieve significant progress in biodiversity and conservation science: (i) increasing the pace of species discovery; (ii) documenting species turnover across space and time; (iii) improving models of ecosystem change; and (iv) understanding the evolutionary assembly of communities and biomes...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214011/widespread-microplastic-ingestion-by-fish-assemblages-in-tropical-estuaries-subjected-to-anthropogenic-pressures
#18
A L Vendel, F Bessa, V E N Alves, A L A Amorim, J Patrício, A R T Palma
Our aim was to quantify microplastic ingestion by fish assemblages in two tropical Brazilian estuaries and to evaluate whether biological and ecological factors influence the ingestion of microplastics by fish species. Of 2233 fish from both estuaries (from 69 species) examined in this study, 9% of the individuals (24 species) had microplastics in their gut contents. Microplastic ingestion occurred irrespective of fish size and functional group. The diet of fish species was analyzed based on prey items identified in the fish's full stomach contents and five feeding guilds were defined...
February 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213993/healthcare-resources-and-needs-in-anticoagulant-therapy-for-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-samoa-study
#19
V Barrios, M I Egocheaga-Cabello, J Gállego-Culleré, E Ignacio-García, L Manzano-Espinosa, A Martín-Martínez, J Mateo-Arranz, J Polo-García, D Vargas-Ortega
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To determine, in the various medical specialties, the healthcare process for anticoagulated patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, to determine the available and necessary resources and to identify potential areas of improvement in the care of these patients. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of primary care and specialised physicians involved in the care of anticoagulated patients. The questionnaires referred to the healthcare process, the indication and prescription of anticoagulant therapy and the barriers and deficiencies present for these patients...
February 14, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213974/molecular-characterization-and-clinical-epidemiology-of-human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-hrsv-a-and-b-in-hospitalized-children-southern-brazil
#20
F B Moreira, C S Rosario, J S Santos, V M Avanzi, M B Nogueira, L R Vidal, S M Raboni
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a major etiologic agent of pediatric respiratory infections. Genetic variability of its glycoprotein G enables HRSV to evade the immune response and determines its seasonal dissemination. This study reports genetic variability and clinical profiles of HRSV-infected patients from Southern Brazil. Seventy positive samples, 78% type A and 22% type B, were analyzed. Of the patients (median age, 6 months; interquartile range, 2-11 years) 16% had co-morbidities and 17% developed severe disease...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
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