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Access to and Use of Point-of-Care Ultrasound in the Emergency Department

Cindy Carol Bitter, Brian Rice, Usha Periyanayagam, Bradley Dreifuss, Heather Hammerstedt, Sara W Nelson, Mark Bisanzo, Samuel Maling, Stacey Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most commonly used resources (provider procedural skills, medications, laboratory studies and imaging) needed to care for patients. SETTING: A single emergency department (ED) of a district-level hospital in rural Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: 26 710 patient visits. RESULTS: Procedures were performed for 65.6% of patients, predominantly intravenous cannulation, wound care, bladder catheterisation and orthopaedic procedures...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Amy Z Zhou, Amy Toporowski, James W Tsung
Abdominal radiography and computed tomography scans are standard tests to diagnose pneumoperitoneum. With the growing availability of point-of-care ultrasound, pneumoperitoneum may be diagnosed in settings without easy access to radiography or computed tomography, such as in overcrowded emergency departments or resource-poor environments. The use of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose or monitor pneumoperitoneum has been described in adult but not pediatric patients. We present a case of point-of-care ultrasound detection of pneumoperitoneum and monitoring for tension pneumoperitoneum, after failed air enema reduction for intussusception in an infant...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jordan Chenkin
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissections can present with a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms, making them difficult to diagnose in the emergency department (ED). Aortic dissections can cause occlusion of the coronary arteries, mimicking an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Emergency point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) may be a useful diagnostic tool to help differentiate aortic dissection from a primary myocardial infarction. CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old man with no medical history presented to our ED complaining of chest pain...
December 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Chen He, Rebecca Vieira, Jennifer R Marin
BACKGROUND: Placement of a central venous catheter (CVC) in a pediatric patient is an important skill for pediatric emergency medicine physicians but can be challenging and time consuming. Ultrasound (US) guidance has been shown to improve success of central line placement in adult patients. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the literature and evaluate the benefit of US guidance in the placement of CVCs, specifically in pediatric emergency department patients, and to review the procedure...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Bradley S Jackson, Mykel Sepula, Jared T Marx, Chad M Cannon
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter and filter limb embolization is a known phenomenon, with a prevalence of up to 25% for certain filter types. Most commonly, the site of embolization is to the heart. Point-of-care ultrasound is an easily accessible imaging modality that should be utilized when considering IVC filter complications. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old woman with a history of metastatic sarcoma and IVC filter placement for deep venous thrombosis presented to the Emergency Department (ED) for chest pain...
August 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Floriana Zennaro, Elena Neri, Federico Nappi, Daniele Grosso, Riccardo Triunfo, Francesco Cabras, Francesca Frexia, Stefania Norbedo, Pierpaolo Guastalla, Massino Gregori, Elisabetta Cattaruzzi, Daniela Sanabor, Egidio Barbi, Marzia Lazzerini
BACKGROUND: The use of point-of-care ultrasonography (POC US) in paediatrics is increasing. This study investigated the diagnostic accuracy of POC US in children accessing the emergency department (ED) when performed by paediatricians under the remote guidance of radiologists (TELE POC). METHODS: Children aged 0 to 18 years accessing the ED of a third level research hospital with eight possible clinical scenarios and without emergency/severity signs at the triage underwent three subsequent US tests: by a paediatrician guided remotely by a radiologist (TELE POC); by the same radiologist (UNBLIND RAD); by an independent blinded radiologist (BLIND RAD)...
2016: PloS One
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Taft Micks, Kyle Sue, Peter Rogers
Over the past few decades, point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) has come to play a major role in the practice of emergency medicine. Despite its numerous benefits, there has been a slow uptake of PoCUS use in rural emergency departments. Surveys conducted across Canada and the United States have identified a lack of equipment, training, funding, quality assurance, and an inability to maintain skills as major barriers to PoCUS use. Potential solutions include expanding residency training in ultrasound skills, extending funding for PoCUS training to rural physicians in practice, moving PoCUS training courses to rural sites, and creating telesonography training for rural physicians...
November 2016: CJEM
Christopher Cox, Scott MacDonald, Ryan Henneberry, Paul R Atkinson
Acute flank and abdominal pain are common presenting complaints in the emergency department. With increasing access to point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS), emergency physicians have an added tool to help identify renal problems as a cause of a patient's pain. PoCUS for hydronephrosis has a sensitivity of 72-83.3% and a varying specificity, similar to radiology-performed ultrasonography. In addition to assessment for hydronephrosis, PoCUS can help emergency physicians to exclude other serious causes of flank and abdominal pain such as the presence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, or free fluid in the intraperitoneal space, which could represent hemorrhage...
November 2015: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Resa E Lewiss, Jessica Cook, Allison Sauler, Nicholas Avitabile, Nicole L Kaban, Jeffrey Rabrich, Turandot Saul, Sebastian D Siadecki, Dan Wiener
BACKGROUND: Emergency point-of-care ultrasound (POC u/s) is an example of a health information technology that improves patient care and time to correct diagnosis. POC u/s examinations should be documented, as they comprise an integral component of physician decision making. Incomplete documentation prevents coding, billing and physician group compensation for ultrasound-guided procedures and patient care. We aimed to assess the effect of directed education and personal feedback through a task force driven initiative to increase the number of POC u/s examinations documented and transferred to medical coders by emergency medicine physicians...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Pierre Léger, Richard Fleet, Julie Maltais-Giguère, Jeff Plant, Éric Piette, France Légaré, Julien Poitras
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can be used to provide rapid answers to specific and potentially life-threatening clinical questions, and to improve the safety of procedures. The rate of POCUS access and use in Canada is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine access to POCUS and potential barriers/facilitators to its use among rural physicians in Quebec. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study used an online survey. The 30-item questionnaire is an adapted and translated version of a questionnaire used in a prior survey conducted in rural Ontario, Canada...
December 11, 2015: BMC Emergency Medicine
Jason L Sanders, Vicki E Noble, Ali S Raja, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence supports emergency physician (EP)-performed point-of-care ultrasound (PoC US). However, there is a utilization gap between academic emergency departments (ED) and other emergency settings. We elucidated barriers to PoC US use in a multistate sample of predominantly non-academic EDs to inform future strategies to increase PoC US utilization, particularly in non-academic centers. METHODS: In 2010, we surveyed ED directors in five states (Arkansas, Hawaii, Minnesota, Vermont, and Wyoming; n=242 EDs) about general ED characteristics...
September 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Thomas H Marshburn, Chris A Hadfield, Ashot E Sargsyan, Kathleen Garcia, Douglas Ebert, Scott A Dulchavsky
BACKGROUND: Changes in the lumbar and sacral spine occur with exposure to microgravity in astronauts; monitoring these alterations without radiographic capabilities on the International Space Station (ISS) requires novel diagnostic solutions to be developed. STUDY OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the ability of point-of-care ultrasound, performed by nonexpert-operator astronauts, to provide accurate anatomic information about the spine in long-duration crewmembers in space...
January 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Karolina Paziana, J Matthew Fields, Masashi Rotte, Arthur Au, Bon Ku
Retained foreign objects account for as much as 2% of soft tissue injuries sustained in the wilderness. Subcutaneously embedded fragments are often missed during the initial medical evaluation and may result in morbidity secondary to delayed removal. Although the utility of ultrasonography in the emergency department for the detection of retained objects is established, the potential use of point-of-care ultrasound to aid with foreign body removal in the field has not been well described. We present 2 case reports that demonstrate the value of ultrasonography in detecting and successfully removing foreign bodies sustained in the wilderness, and outline a procedural technique that minimizes morbidity and uses equipment available in wilderness medical field kits...
December 2012: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Hans Rosenberg, Khaled Al-Rajhi
Aortic dissection (AD) is one of the most challenging diagnoses in emergency medicine. This is due, in part, to its variable presentation, ranging from abrupt tearing chest pain in a hemodynamically unstable patient to back pain in a stable patient, as well as its high mortality rates. (1) With the expanding role of ultrasound (U/S) performed by emergency physicians, it is possible to make the diagnosis of AD at the bedside before any other imaging modality has been accessed. (2) In this case report, we describe the use of emergency department (ED) bedside U/S and specifically highlight the use of the suprasternal view in the diagnosis of AD...
November 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
David O Kessler, Avrahom Gurwitz, James W Tsung
Point-of-care ultrasound use is rapidly growing in acute-care settings such as pediatric emergency departments, and new applications are continually being explored. This is especially true in the developing world where the World Health Organization estimates that 75% of people have no access to any imaging or availability of more costly imaging technology may be limited (Essential Health Technologies Strategy 2004-2007). We report a case of intestinal roundworm infection in a 3-year-old boy and describe the ultrasound findings of Ascaris lumbricoides...
August 2010: Pediatric Emergency Care
Eric R Weinberg, Michael G Tunik, James W Tsung
INTRODUCTION: Injury is a major cause of death and disability in children and young adults worldwide. X-rays are routinely performed to evaluate injuries with suspected fractures. However, the World Health Organisation estimates that up to 75% of the world population has no access to any diagnostic imaging services. Use of clinician-performed point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose fractures is not only feasible in traditional healthcare settings, but also in underserved or remote settings...
August 2010: Injury
Jane Smith
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) is a limited ultrasound scan performed in the emergency department to assess patients admitted with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). It is normally undertaken by emergency physicians in order to identify the presence of free fluid, which may represent haemoperitoneum. This potentially allows prompt referral to further imaging, such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, and/or surgery. FAST has been adopted worldwide, and most major trauma centres now have access to an ultrasound machine...
May 2010: Postgraduate Medical Journal
James C R Rippey, Alistair G Royse
Point-of-care ultrasound is well suited for use in the emergency setting for assessment of the trauma patient. Currently, portable ultrasound machines with high-resolution imaging capability allow trauma patients to be imaged in the pre-hospital setting, emergency departments and operating theatres. In major trauma, ultrasound is used to diagnose life-threatening conditions and to prioritise and guide appropriate interventions. Assessment of the basic haemodynamic state is a very important part of ultrasound use in trauma, but is discussed in more detail elsewhere...
September 2009: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
L Cardinale, G Volpicelli, F Binello, G Garofalo, S M Priola, A Veltri, C Fava
This review discusses the usefulness of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnostic distinction between the various causes of acute dyspnoea in the emergency department, with special attention to the differential diagnosis of pulmonary oedema and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is made possible by using mid- to low-end scanners and simple acquisition techniques accessible to both radiologists and clinicians. Major advantages include ready availability at the bedside, the absence of ionising radiation, high reproducibility and cost efficiency...
October 2009: La Radiologia Medica
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