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Pitocin for labor

Robert M Rossi, Carri R Warshak, Heather R Masters, Jodi K Regan, Sara A Kritzer, Kristin P Magner
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical ripening with misoprostol (MP) is associated with higher rates of cesarean delivery (CD) (CD) compared to dinoprostone (DP) or Pitocin/Foley balloon (PFB) in infants found to be small for gestational age (SGA). STUDY DESIGN: Single center institution based cohort study of all inductions between 2008-2012 where birth weight was found to be as SGA (< 10th percentile). Maternal demographic, obstetric, and labor characteristics were compared between SGA births where cervical ripening with MP, Mode compares MP to referent group (DP), or PFB was used as the primary agent...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Lindsay Beckwith, Kristin Magner, Sara Kritzer, Carri R Warshak
PURPOSE: Assess the impact of obesity on successful cervical ripening with mechanical versus prostaglandin ripening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared obese to non-obese women in an analysis stratified by induction method, prostaglandin versus mechanical. Misoprostol dosing was the same for obese and non-obese women. Pitocin was titrated to effect. Our primary outcome was failure to achieve active labor. Secondary outcomes included overall cesarean delivery rate, doses of misoprostol used and need for protocol deviation...
July 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ihnsook Jeong, Jiyun Kim, Sook Bin Im
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop a financial support program for high-risk pregnant women based on opinions obtained using a questionnaire survey. METHODS: The program development involved two steps: (1) developing a questionnaire through reviewing previous financial support programs for maternal care and then validating it via professional consultation; and (2) drafting a financial support program. Sixty professionals, 26 high-risk pregnant women, and 100 program implementers completed the questionnaire between August 2014 and October 2014...
June 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Brian K Kradel, Scarlett B Hinson, Carr J Smith
BACKGROUND: Anaphylactoid syndrome of pregnancy (ASP) is a rare but extremely serious complication, with an estimated incidence in North America of 1 in 15 200 deliveries. Despite its rarity, ASP is responsible for approximately 10% of all childbirth-associated deaths in the United States. At present, there is no validated biomarker or specific set of risk factors sufficiently predictive of ASP risk to incorporate into clinical practice. Toward the goal of developing a methodology predictive of an impending ASP event for use by obstetricians, anesthesiologists, and other practitioners participating in infant deliveries, physicians encountering an ASP event have been encouraged to report the occurrence of a case and its biologically plausible risk factors...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Mark M Gottlieb
The risk of Pitocin as a cause of autism attributable to oxytocin receptor desensitization in the brain of the fetus is evaluated in terms of a mathematical model. A composite unit, D, for oxytocin receptor desensitization levels is established with the form ((IU-h)/ml)E-3, where IU is the international unit for oxytocin. The desensitization values for oxytocin receptor desensitization at a concentration of 10 nmol of oxytocin per liter for 3, 4.2 and 6h corresponding to 0%, 50% and 100% desensitization are calculated to be 15 D, 21 D, and 30 D, respectively...
February 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Jianting Ma, Huajiang Shao, Xingren Lu, Bo Zhang, Guanger Zhang
BACKGROUND: Balloon bionic midwifery has been applied in clinical obstetrics in China for 10 years, although played a certain role in controlling and improving the quality of obstetrics and caesarean section rate, but some questions have not been resolved. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of airbag midwifery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primiparas (2410 cases) with various medical conditions were randomly divided into airbag and control groups undergoing the same obstetrical treatments, but airbag midwifery as a birthing option was chosen twice when the cervix was dilated to 2-4 cm during labor...
November 2012: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Annekathryn Goodman, Lynn Black, Susan Briggs
OBJECTIVE: Natural disasters disproportionately injure women and children. Disaster teams need intensive training in the management of obstetrics and women's healthcare at the disaster site. DESIGN: This article summarizes the obstetrical experience for the International Medical Surgical Response Team (IMSuRT) stationed at Gheskio in Port Au Prince during the first 2 weeks after the 2010 Haitian earthquake. The world's literature on the impact of disasters on women is reviewed...
2014: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Arianna Benvenuto, Francesca Benassi, Paolo Curatolo
The etiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) continues to be elusive. While ASDs have been shown to be heritable, several environmental co-factors, such as, e.g. pre- or perinatal adverse events, could play a role in the pathogenesis of the disorder as well. Prevalence of ASDs appears to have increased in the last three decades, but the causes of this surge are not fully understood. As perinatal adverse events have increased as well, they have been regarded as logical contributors to the risen prevalence of ASDs...
June 2014: Medical Hypotheses
Danuta M Wojnar, Karen Cowgill, Lindsay Hoffman, Hannah Carlson
Pitocin, a synthetic form of the hormone oxytocin, is a high-alert medication that heightens patient harm when used incorrectly. This investigation examined the outcomes of an evidence-based Pitocin administration checklist used for labor augmentation at a tertiary-level hospital. Data came from patient records. Using the Perinatal Trigger Tool, N = 372 clinical records (n = 194 prior to and n = 178 following checklist implementation) were reviewed. Checklist implementation resulted in statistically significant reductions in the duration of hospitalization (1...
September 2014: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Lisa Kurth, Robert Haussmann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a potential relationship between coincidental increases in perinatal Pitocin usage and subsequent childhood ADHD onset in an attempt to isolate a specific risk factor as an early biomarker of this neurodevelopmental disorder. METHOD: Maternal labor/delivery and corresponding childbirth records of 172 regionally diverse, heterogeneous children, ages 3 to 25, were examined with respect to 21 potential predictors of later ADHD onset, including 17 selected obstetric complications, familial ADHD incidence, and gender...
July 2011: Journal of Attention Disorders
Liang-liang Cai, Ling-qing Hu, Yu-rong Hua
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Cuichan Zhunsheng Decoction (CZD) on the cervical ripening factors in late pregnancy. METHODS: Ninety women with full-term pregnant ready for labor inducing were equally assigned to 3 groups. The treated group was orally treated with CZD, the control group was with pitocin by adding 1 U into 500 mL of 5% glucose for intravenous dripping in 6 h, and the placebo group was orally treated with simulator of CZD as placebo, with the medication lasted for 3 days...
July 2010: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Jennifer Harkins, Brendan Carvalho, Amy Evers, Sachin Mehta, Edward T Riley
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with whether a woman received an epidural in labor and to determine the main source used to obtain information about labor epidurals. Methods. Over a one-month period, we surveyed all patients who labored, the day after their delivery. We used multiple logistic regression to identify potential predictive factors after initial univariate analysis. Results. 320 women who met enrollment criteria delivered during the study period and 94% completed the study...
2010: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Ling-Qing Hu, Liang-Liang Cai
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Cuichan Zhusheng Decoction (CZD) on cervical maturation factors. METHODS: Ninety women with full-term pregnancy and indication for labor inducing were assigned to three groups equally. The treated group was treated by water decoction of CZD, one dose (300 mL) daily, taken orally in the morning 30 min before breakfast, for successive 3 days, the administration would be discontinued if uterine contraction occurred for over 3 times/hour in the course...
June 2008: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1949: Western Journal of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2004: Nursing Law's Regan Report
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1950: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dystocia is usually the result of inadequate uterine contraction or slow cervical dilation or both. Some conditions causing these deficiencies are large size of the infant, multiple pregnancy, hydramnios, faulty presentation (particularly the occiput-posterior), occluding tumors, fullness of the bladder, umbilical cord impediment, concealed uterine hemorrhage, clamping of a thick anterior cervical lip by the infant's head, adhesion of the membranes to the cervix, or delay in rupture of the membranes. Dystocia is often observed in patients with hypopituitarism...
January 1952: California Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1951: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1965: Irish Journal of Medical Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1964: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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