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posturography and obesity

David Scott, Catherine Shore-Lorenti, Lachlan B McMillan, Jakub Mesinovic, Ross A Clark, Alan Hayes, Kerrie M Sanders, Gustavo Duque, Peter R Ebeling
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether associations of calf muscle density with physical function are independent of other determinants of functional decline in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study of 85 community-dwelling overweight and obese adults (mean±SD age 62.8±7.9 years; BMI 32.3±6.1 kg/m2; 58% women). Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed mid-calf muscle density (66% tibial length) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry determined visceral fat area...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
David Scott, Catherine Shore-Lorenti, Lachlan McMillan, Jakub Mesinovic, Ross A Clark, Alan Hayes, Kerrie M Sanders, Gustavo Duque, Peter R Ebeling
OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics of sarcopenic obesity that are independently associated with bone health and balance in older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 168 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 67.7 ± 8.4 years; 55% women). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Appendicular lean mass (ALM), whole-body areal BMD (aBMD) and body fat percentage were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed muscle density and cortical volumetric BMD (vBMD), area, thickness, and strength-strain index (SSI) at 66% tibial length...
March 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Joanna Cieślińska-Świder, Mariusz Paweł Furmanek, Janusz Wiesław Błaszczyk
A growing body of evidence suggests, that excessive body weight is inseparably connected with postural instability. In none of previous studies, body weight distribution has been considered as a factor, which may affect results of a static posturography. The purpose of the present study is to quantify some center of foot pressure (COP) characteristics in 40 obese women with android type of obesity (waist-to-hip ratio - WHR≥0.85, BMI: 37.5±5.4) and 40 obese women with gynoid type of obesity (WHR<0.85, BMI: 36...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Alon Kalron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of obesity with walking and balance in people with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study performed at the Multiple Sclerosis Center, Sheba Medical Center, Israel. Four hundred thirty-six people with multiple sclerosis were divided into obese (n = 178) and normal-weight (n = 258) groups. Spatiotemporal parameters of gait, 2-Minute Walk test, 6-Minute Walk test, Timed Up and Go test, Timed 25-Foot Walk test, Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale self-reported questionnaire, and posturography measures were determined...
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Ya Ruth Huo, Pushpa Suriyaarachchi, Fernando Gomez, Carmen L Curcio, Derek Boersma, Piumali Gunawardene, Oddom Demontiero, Gustavo Duque
BACKGROUND: Although sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability in middle-aged community-dwelling individuals, the phenotype of sarcopenic obesity in people 65 and older, especially those with a history of falls, remain unknown. To fill this knowledge gap, the goal of this study was to obtain a comprehensive phenotype of sarcopenic obesity in this high-risk population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 680 subjects (mean age=79±9, 65% female) assessed between 2009 and 2013 at the Falls and Fractures Clinic, Nepean Hospital (Penrith, Australia)...
July 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Roseli Saraiva Moreira Bittar, Maruska D'Aparecida Santos, Raquel Mezzalira
INTRODUCTION: Global sugar consumption has increased in the past 50 years; its abusive intake is responsible for peripheral insulin resistance, which causes the metabolic syndrome - obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a fractionated diet without glucose as treatment for labyrinthine disorders associated with glucose-insulin index. METHODS: The study design was a prospective randomized controlled trial...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess whether obesity affects balance in elderly patients with postural instability. STUDY DESIGN: It is a case-control study, with cases defined by BMI ≥30 kg/m(2), and developed in a third level university hospital. METHODS: We included 135 patients aged 65 years old or more who presented postural instability. Balance assessment was through the sensory organisation test (SOT), limits of stability (LOS) and rhythmic weight shift (RWS) of computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) and the modified timed up-and-go (TUG) test...
June 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Aline Herrera-Rangel, Catalina Aranda-Moreno, Teresa Mantilla-Ochoa, Lylia Zainos-Saucedo, Kathrine Jáuregui-Renaud
AIM: To assess the influence of peripheral neuropathy, gender, and obesity on the postural stability of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: 151 patients with no history of otology, neurology, or orthopaedic or balance disorders accepted to participate in the study. After a clinical interview and neuropathy assessment, postural stability was evaluated by static posturography (eyes open/closed on hard/soft surface) and the "Up & Go" test. RESULTS: During static posturography, on hard surface, the length of sway was related to peripheral neuropathy, gender, age, and obesity; on soft surface, the length of sway was related to peripheral neuropathy, gender, and age, the influence of neuropathy was larger in males than in females, and closing the eyes increased further the difference between genders...
2014: Journal of Diabetes Research
Nili Steinberg, Dan Nemet, Reuven Kohen-Raz, Aviva Zeev, Michal Pantanowitz, Alon Eliakim
A group of 59 obese children ages 6-12 years were interviewed for current medical diagnoses (e.g., Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- ADHD, and clumsiness) and later were examined posturographically for balance and stability. General stability of all the obese children deviated significantly from norms. 32.2% of the obese children had a pattern of balance that could indicate orthopedic problems. Obese children with ADHD or perceived clumsiness had significantly worse balance and postural performance compared to other obese children...
April 2013: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Roy W Geib, Hongtao Li, Elena Oggeo, Guido Pagnacco, Paul Lam, Margaret Moga, Gabi Waite
Obesity is a major health concern because of its linkage to chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Another less studied outcome is the observed increase in the incidence of accidental falls. According to CDC, medical costs associated with fall injuries exceeded $16 billion in 2000 and by 2020 will exceed $54 billion. To reduce the impact on society and individuals, it is essential to explore mechanisms to reduce the frequency of falls. For example, a short 12-week intervention of Tai Chi reduced the risk of accidental falls in an elderly population...
2011: Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation
Angelo Di Iorio, Michele Abate, Barbara Pini, Isabella Di Nicola, Marianna Marinelli, Marianna Guglielmi, Corrado Battaglini, Giuseppe Abate
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of vascular risk factors, isolated or in association, on balance, as assessed by posturographic platform. METHODS: One hundred and seven elderly subjects (mean age 73.8+/-5.8), with no cognitive impairment (MMSE>24), able to perform self-care activities and to walk independently for at least 400 meters, free from major diseases. Subjective complaints were assessed by means of the Sickness Impact Profile Questionnaire...
April 2009: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Mallikarjuna Nallegowda, U Singh, Meeka Khanna, S L Yadav, Ashesh Ray Choudhary, Alok Thakar
A case of Morgagni Stewart Morel syndrome with progressive depression in frontal bone, headache, transient monoparesis, obesity; imbalance, neuropsychiatric symptoms and recurrent disc prolapse with absent right radial pulse is discussed. This syndrome was first mentioned 235 years back, but till now exact pathology is not known. Balance assessment using dynamic posturography was done, which revealed abnormal vestibular function. To our knowledge this is the first case examined for Dynamic Posturography.
March 2005: Neurology India
A Goulding, I E Jones, R W Taylor, J M Piggot, D Taylor
Ninety-three males aged 10-21 years undertook the Bruininks-Oseretsky balance test and two computerized posturography tests to evaluate the effects of (a) previous forearm fracture and (b) high body weight on balance and postural sway. Body composition was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fracture history did not affect balance measures. However, Bruininks-Oseretsky balance scores were negatively correlated with body weight, body mass index, percentage fat and total fat mass. Overweight subjects (n=25) had lower scores (P<0...
April 2003: Gait & Posture
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