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isolation with migration

James W M Mehl, Bernard Slippers, Jolanda Roux, Michael J Wingfield
Some species of the Botryosphaeriaceae are capable of infecting a broad range of host plants. We studied the species diversity of Botryosphaeriaceae associated with marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra, Anacardiaceae) trees in South Africa over two seasons, as well as species common to both S. birrea and adjacent mango (Mangifera indica, Anacardiaceae) trees in a subset of sites. Gene flow amongst populations of Botryosphaeriaceae shared on these tree species was tested using microsatellite markers. Twelve species were identified from S...
April 2017: Fungal Biology
Yusuke Takebe, Seiko Tatehara, Tatsuhiro Fukushima, Reiko Tokuyama-Toda, Rika Yasuhara, Kenji Mishima, Kazuhito Satomura
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are an attractive cell source for use in cell-based therapy, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering because DPSCs have high cell proliferation ability and multi-differentiation capacity. However, several problems are associated with the collection and preservation of DPSCs for future cell-based therapy. In addition, the isolation of DPSCs for cryopreservation is time-consuming and expensive. In this study, we developed a novel cryopreservation method for dental pulp tissues that can isolate suitable DPSCs after thawing cryopreserved tissue...
March 17, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Bart Sanders, Anita Driessen-Mol, Carlijn Bouten, Frank Baaijens
Decellularized tissue engineered heart valves (DTEHVs) showed remarkable results in translational animal models, leading to recellularization within hours after implantation. This is crucial to enable tissue remodeling. To investigate if the presence of scaffold remnants prior to implantation is responsible for the fast recellularization of DTEHVs, an in vitro mesofluidic system was used. Human granulocyte and agranulocyte fractions were isolated, stained, brought back in suspension, and implemented in the system...
March 17, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Jianbin Wang, Kehui Xie, Hongquan Duan, Yi Wang, He Ma, Hongzheng Fu
Five new diterpenoid glycosides, siegesides A-E (1-5), along with the known compound darutoside (6) were isolated and characterized from the ethanol extract of Siegesbeckia pubescens. The structural elucidation of the isolates was accomplished by extensive HRESIMS and NMR analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 are epimers of 6. All isolates were evaluated for their inhibition on the migration of MB-MDA-231 breast cancer cells induced by the chemokine epithelial growth factor, and compound 2 showed superior inhibitory activities in comparison with the positive control drug with IC50 value of 0...
March 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Filip Roudnicky, Lothar C Dieterich, Cedric Poyet, Lorenz Buser, Peter Wild, Dave Tang, Peter Camenzind, Chien Hsien Ho, Vivianne I Otto, Michael Detmar
Bladder cancer is a frequently recurring disease with a very poor prognosis when progressed to invasive stages, and tumor-associated blood vessels play a crucial role in this process. In order to identify novel biomarkers associated with progression, we isolated blood vascular endothelial cells (BECs) from human invasive bladder cancers and matched normal bladder tissue, and found that tumor-associated BECs greatly upregulated the expression of insulin receptor (INSR). High expression of INSR on BECs of invasive bladder cancers was significantly associated with shorter progression-free and overall survival...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pathology
Tim Kohlmann, Robert Naumann, Christoph Kerzig, Martin Goez
We demonstrate that the 3-aminoperylene radical cation is a near-ideal probe for investigating kinetic and transport processes in SDS micellar systems. Its isolated generation by two-photon ionization at a wavelength where most quenchers are transparent (532 nm) is free from side reactions; no exit from the micelles is detectable on a millisecond timescale; and its unquenched lifetime is as long as 350 ms, thus allowing the study of quenching processes over a time frame spanning at least 7 orders of magnitude...
March 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
László Hidi, Csaba Csobay-Novák, Attila Nemes, Balázs Nemes, Zoltán Oláh, Dániel Pál, Péter Sótonyi
INTRODUCTION: The Endologix developed an aortoiliac stent graft system that is different than the conventional implantation technique (Nellix, EVAS-endovascular aneurysm sealing system). The first implantation in Hungary has been performed in the beginning of 2016 at Heart and Vascular Center. METHODS: Nellix: two endobags surrounding ballon-expandable covered stent (10 mm) with optional length, biocompatible polymer which is able to be injected into the endobags and a procedure-coordinating console...
March 2017: Magyar Sebészet
G Eric Schaller
Ethylene receptors and other elements of the ethylene-signal transduction pathway localize to membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). New players in the ethylene signaling pathway continue to be discovered and so it is important to have methods by which to diagnose their cellular localization. Two methods for microsome isolation and fractionation are described here that can assist in determining if a protein localizes to the ER: aqueous two-phase partitioning and equilibrium density-gradient centrifugation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Christoph Emontzpohl, David Simons, Sandra Kraemer, Andreas Goetzenich, Gernot Marx, Jürgen Bernhagen, Christian Stoppe
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are recruited from the bone marrow under pathological conditions like hypoxia and are crucially involved in the neovascularization of ischemic tissues. The origin, classification and characterization of EPCs are complex; notwithstanding, two prominent sub-types of EPCs have been established: so-called "early" EPCs (subsequently referred to as early-EPCs) and late-outgrowth EPCs (late-EPCs). They can be classified by biological properties as well as by their appearance during in vitro culture...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ling-Ling Wu, Cong-Ying Wen, Jiao Hu, Man Tang, Chu-Bo Qi, Na Li, Cui Liu, Lan Chen, Dai-Wen Pang, Zhi-Ling Zhang
Detecting viable circulating tumor cells (CTCs) without disruption to their functions for in vitro culture and functional study could unravel the biology of metastasis and promote the development of personalized anti-tumor therapies. However, existing CTC detection approaches commonly include CTC isolation and subsequent destructive identification, which damages CTC viability and functions and generates substantial CTC loss. To address the challenge of efficiently detecting viable CTCs for functional study, we develop a nanosphere-based cell-friendly one-step strategy...
March 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Eun-Kyoung Lee, Byung-Min Song, Yu-Na Lee, Gyeong-Beom Heo, You-Chan Bae, Sung-Joon Joh, Seok-Chan Park, Kang-Seuk Choi, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Il Jang, Min-Su Kang, Ok-Mi Jeong, Byung-Kook Choi, Sang-Man Lee, Suk Chan Jeong, Bong-Kyun Park, Hee-Soo Lee, Youn-Jeong Lee
We report the identification of novel highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of subtype H5N6, clade, that presumably originated from China. In addition, reassortant strains with Eurasian lineage low pathogenic avian influenza viruses were isolated in wild birds and poultry in South Korea. The emergence of these novel H5N6 viruses and their circulation among bird populations are of great concern because of the potential for virus dissemination with intercontinental wild bird migration.
March 8, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Nicholas Hatzirodos, Claire Glister, Katja Hummitzsch, Helen F Irving-Rodgers, Philip G Knight, Raymond J Rodgers
In vitro culture of ovarian granulosa cells and theca cells has been very important for our understanding of their function and regulation. One of the most eagerly sought attributes of cell culture is the use of chemically-defined conditions. However, even under such in vitro conditions cell behaviour could differ from the in vivo situation because of differences in oxygen tension, nutrients, adhesion matrix and other factors. To examine this further we compared the transcriptomes of both granulosa cells and cells from the theca interna that were cultured in what are arguably the best in vitro conditions for maintaining the 'follicular' phenotypes of both tissue types, as displayed by their respective freshly-isolated counterparts...
2017: PloS One
Mirella Coppo, Manuela Bandinelli, Marco Chiostri, Loredana Poggesi, Maria Boddi
INTRODUCTION: Unstable angina is associated with an acute systemic inflammatory reaction and circulating T lymphocytes are activated. We investigated whether in unstable angina with marked immune system activation a selective upregulation of the circulating T-cell renin-angiotensin system, modulated by angiotensin II, could occur. METHODS: We studied 13 unstable angina patients, 10 patients with stable angina and 10 healthy subjects. After T-lymphocyte isolation, mRNAs for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1-R) were quantified at baseline and after angiotensin II stimulation...
January 2017: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
Hrvoje Šikić, Yanrong Shi, Snježana Lubura, Steven Bassnett
The mathematical determinants of vertebrate organ growth have yet to be elucidated fully. Here, we utilized empirical measurements and a dynamic branching process-based model to examine the growth of a simple organ system, the mouse lens, from E14.5 until the end of life. Our stochastic model used difference equations to model immigration and emigration between zones of the lens epithelium and included some deterministic elements, such as cellular footprint area. We found that the epithelial cell cycle was shortened significantly in the embryo, facilitating the rapid growth that marks early lens development...
January 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Wei Xiao, Zhiyong Gao, Yixing Duan, Wuxiong Yuan, Yang Ke
BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are correlated with the initiation, chemoresistance and relapse of tumors. Notch pathway has been reported to function in CSCs maintenance, but whether it is involved in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) CSCs maintaining stemness remain unclear. This study aims to explore the effect of Notch pathway on stemness of CSCs in RCC and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The CD133(+)/CD24(+) cells were isolated from RCC ACHN and Caki-1 cell line using Magnetic-activated cell sorting and identified by Flow cytometry analysis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Yu Zhu, Yuchen Wang, Bizeng Zhao, Xin Niu, Bin Hu, Qing Li, Juntao Zhang, Jian Ding, Yunfeng Chen, Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease worldwide. In the past decade, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used widely for the treatment of OA. A potential mechanism of MSC-based therapies has been attributed to the paracrine secretion of trophic factors, in which exosomes may play a major role. In this study, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of exosomes secreted by synovial membrane MSCs (SMMSC-Exos) and exosomes secreted by induced pluripotent stem cell-derived MSCs (iMSC-Exos) on the treatment of OA...
March 9, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ramon J Pelaez de Fuentes, Juan Pedro Espinos, Carmen Afonso
The aging of supported Ag nanostructures upon storage in ambient conditions (air and room temperature) for 20 months has been studied. The samples are produced on glass substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) by depositing first a 15 nm thick buffer layer of amorphous aluminum oxide (a-Al2O3) followed by PLD of Ag. The amount of deposited Ag ranges from that leading to a discontinuous layer up to an almost percolated layer with thicknesses < 6 nm. Some regions of the as grown silver layers are converted into round, isolated and with up to ~25nm diameter nanoparticles (NPs) by laser induced dewetting...
March 9, 2017: Nanotechnology
Bao-Yu Zheng, Meng-Jiao He, Jun Jiang, Kai Luo, Yu-Ling Chen, Fu-Hua Yan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of constructing tissue engineered composites in vitro by combining human leptin (hLEP) gene modified rat bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and guided tissue regeneration collagen membrane (Bio-Gide). METHODS: BMSCs of SD rats were isolated and cultured by whole bone marrow adherent method. BMSCS were transfected with adenovirus carrying hLEP gene (Ad-hLEP-EGFP) and observed under inverted fluorescence microscope. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression of hLEP...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Ruxing Xi, Ivan Ho Yuen Pun, Sharleen V Menezes, Leyla Fouani, Danuta S Kalinowski, Michael L H Huang, Xiaozhi Zhang, Des R Richardson, Zaklina Kovacevic
Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) plays a vital role in cancer progression, being associated with inflammation and promotion of cancer angiogenesis and metastasis. The effects of TNFα are mediated by its down-stream target, the oncogene, lysine-rich CEACAM1 co-isolated protein (LYRIC; also known as metadherin or astrocyte elevated gene-1). LYRIC plays an important role in activating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, which controls multiple cellular processes, including proliferation, apoptosis, migration, etc...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
Ilse Höllinger, Joachim Hermisson
We investigate the conditions for the origin and maintenance of postzygotic isolation barriers, so called (Bateson-)Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities or DMIs, among populations that are connected by gene flow. Specifically, we compare the relative stability of pairwise DMIs among autosomes, X chromosomes, and mitochondrial genes. In an analytical approach based on a continent-island framework, we determine how the maximum permissible migration rates depend on the genomic architecture of the DMI, on sex bias in migration rates, and on sex-dependence of allelic and epistatic effects, such as dosage compensation...
March 8, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
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