keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical assessment abdomen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782303/clindamycin-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-with-preferential-involvement-of-striae-distensae-a-koebner-phenomenon
#1
Benigno Monteagudo, Miguel Cabanillas, Pilar Iriarte, Aquilina Ramírez-Santos, Elvira León-Muinos, Daniel González-Vilas, Óscar Suárez-Amor
Clindamycin is a lincomycin-derived antibiotic useful for the treatment of anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections. Cutaneous adverse reactions are usually maculopapular exanthemas, although hypersensitivity syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have also been reported (1). We report the case of a patient with a maculopapular rash triggered by clindamycin who developed cutaneous lesions on striae distensae (SD). A 47-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for pruritic cutaneous lesions which had started 6 days earlier...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702987/eletromyography-of-abdominal-muscles-in-different-physical-exercises-an-update-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Thiago Montes Fidale, Felipe Farnesi Ribeiro Borges, Leonardo Roever, Gilmar da Cunha Souza, Alexandre Gonçalves, Eduardo Paul Chacur, Cristhyano Pimenta, Eduardo Gasparetto Haddad, Guilherme Gularte de Agostini, Fábio Clemente Gregório, Fabrício Cardoso Ribeiro Guimarães, Franciel José Arantes, Lázaro Antônio Dos Santos, Adriano Alves Pereira, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes, Guilherme Morais Puga, Frederico Balbino Lizardo
BACKGROUND: The abdominal muscles are extremely important because they are directly involved in the functions of support, containment of viscera, and help in the process of expiration, defecation, urination, vomiting, and also at the time of childbirth. Many exercises and equipment are used to strengthen the abdominal muscles, and the workouts are proposed for a variety of purposes, such as preventing and rehabilitating low back pain, improving sports performance, achieving aesthetic standards, among others...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627774/acute-lower-limb-ischaemia-secondary-to-intestinal-occlusion
#3
Francois-Charles Malo, Philippe Acar, Véronique Lapie, Valérie Bédard
In general, acute lower limb ischaemia is caused by embolic, thrombotic or traumatic phenomena. Here, we describe the case of a 67-year-old woman in an emergency room setting who was initially assessed for paralysis and numbness of her lower left limb. On physical examination, the abdomen was distended and non-compressible. An abdominal AngioScan showed complete occlusion of the left iliac artery by extrinsic compression of the dilated small intestine. After a review of the literature, no case was found describing a lower limb ischaemia by extrinsic vascular compression secondary to a compartment syndrome caused by small bowel obstruction...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606996/structural-changes-of-subcutaneous-tissue-valued-by-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-cellulitis-following-treatment-with-the-pnkcelulitis-%C3%A2-program
#4
Esther Roe, Esther Serra, German Guzman, Ignacio Sajoux
Background: Poor eating habits, a sedentary lifestyle, and limited physical activity are predisposing factors for the development of cellulite. The PnKCelulitis® Programme (Pronokal Group, Barcelona, Spain) is a new approach to the treatment of cellulite that combines dietary guidelines, physical exercise, and the application of an anti-cellulite cream. Objective: We sought to objectively and via cutaneous ultrasound assess the benefit of the new multidisciplinary anti-cellulite treatment program and to evaluate any visual changes in the appearance of the skin...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567888/prevalence-of-scrub-typhus-in-pyrexia-of-unknown-origin-and-assessment-of-interleukin-8-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-interferon-gamma-levels-in-scrub-typhus-positive-patients
#5
Meher Rizvi, Asfia Sultan, Madhav Chowdhry, Mohd Azam, Fatima Khan, Indu Shukla, Haris M Khan
Background: Scrub typhus is lesser known cause of fever of unknown origin in India. Even if there have been reports documenting the prevalence of scrub typhus in different parts of India, it is still an unknown entity, and clinicians usually do not consider it as differential diagnosis. The present study was performed to document the prevalence of scrub typhus among febrile patients in western part of Uttar Pradesh and to assess the clinical profile of infected patients on the one hand and knowledge, attitude, and practices among clinicians on the other...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528816/dual-energy-ct-for-abdominal-and-pelvic-trauma
#6
Jeremy R Wortman, Jennifer W Uyeda, Urvi P Fulwadhva, Aaron D Sodickson
Computed tomography (CT) is key to the assessment of hemodynamically stable patients with blunt or penetrating trauma to the abdomen and pelvis. Dual-energy (DE) CT is a technology that allows acquisition of data at both high and low kilovolt peaks, allowing materials that have different x-ray absorption behaviors as a function of kilovolt peak (such as iodine) to be differentiated and quantified. DE CT has a variety of postprocessing applications that may be helpful in abdominal and pelvic trauma, including iodine-selective imaging, virtual monenergetic imaging, and virtual noncalcium imaging...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506858/computed-tomography-in-ventral-hernia-diagnosis-have-we-improved-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#7
Julie L Holihan, Deepa Cherla, Katherine J Blair, Steven S Chua, Joseph P Hasapes, Eduardo J Matta, Kaustubh G Shiralkar, Venkateswar R Surabhi, Varaha S Tammisetti, Tien C Ko, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that agreement between readers of computed tomography (CT) scans for the diagnosis of a ventral hernia (VH) is poor (32% agreement, κ = 0.21). Recommendations were developed by surgeons and radiologists after determining common reasons for disagreement among CT reviewers; however, the long-term effect of adoption of these recommendations has not been assessed. The aim of this quality improvement (QI) project was to determine whether the incorporation of recommendations developed by surgeons and radiologists improves agreement among reviewers of CT scans in diagnosing a VH...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492938/diaphragmatic-hydatid-disease-a-diagnostic-challenge-for-the-radiologist
#8
Hichem Jerraya, Ali Gaja, Mehdi Khalfallah, Chadli Dziri
Primitive hydatid disease of diaphragm is very rare. The preoperative diagnosis of this hydatid location represents a challenge for the radiologist. We reported a case of primitive hydatid cyst of the diaphragm not associated with other hydatid localizations which was diagnosed preoperatively. A 70 year-old woman with no previous medical history, complained of abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant for 7 months. The physical exam and the laboratory tests were unremarkable. Abdominal ultrasound showed multiloculated cystic lesion which appeared to be located in the hepatic dome suggestive of hydatid cyst of the liver...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477301/physical-exercise-prevents-cognitive-impairment-by-enhancing-hippocampal-neuroplasticity-and-mitochondrial-function-in-doxorubicin-induced-chemobrain
#9
Hye-Sang Park, Chang-Ju Kim, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Mi-Hyun No, Jun-Won Heo, Tae-Woon Kim
Although chemotherapy increases the survival rate of patients with various cancers, such treatment can induce acute or long-term cognitive dysfunction a phenomenon known as post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment (PCCI) or "chemobrain." Exercise is known to positively affect brain function. Thus, the present study aimed to determine whether symptoms of chemobrain and disruptions in the neuroplasticity and functioning of hippocampal mitochondria can be prevented or relieved by exercise. Wistar rats were separated into the following groups: control, control plus exercise, chemobrain, and chemobrain plus exercise...
May 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421786/speaker-and-observer-perceptions-of-physical-tension-during-stuttering
#10
Seth Tichenor, Paula Leslie, Susan Shaiman, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists routinely assess physical tension during evaluation of those who stutter. If speakers experience tension that is not visible to clinicians, then judgments of severity may be inaccurate. This study addressed this potential discrepancy by comparing judgments of tension by people who stutter and expert clinicians to determine if clinicians could accurately identify the speakers' experience of physical tension. METHOD: Ten adults who stutter were audio-video recorded in two speaking samples...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245220/case-report-of-intestinal-non-rotation-heterotaxy-and-polysplenia-in-a-patient-with-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Spyridon Pagkratis, Sara Kryeziu, Miranda Lin, Samah Hoque, Juan Carlos Bucobo, Jonathan M Buscaglia, Georgios V Georgakis, Aaron R Sasson, Joseph Kim
RATIONALE: Heterotaxy with polysplenia is an extremely rare congenital condition resulting from abnormal arrangement of organs in the abdominal and thoracic cavities during embryologic development. When a malignancy such as pancreatic cancer develops under these conditions, surgical resection becomes particularly complex. This case report demonstrates successful pancreatic cancer resection despite the patient's complicated anatomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 82-year-old female presented to our institution with complaints of mild right upper quadrant pain radiating to the mid-epigastric region...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208727/an-unusual-case-of-abdominal-pain-and-hyponatremia-in-a-16-year-old-girl-with-disordered-eating
#12
Grace Hunter, Rebecca Blankenburg, Jennifer Andrews, Terrell Stevenson
A previously healthy 16-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with 1 week of severe, diffuse abdominal pain and constipation, as well as several episodes of nonbloody, nonbilious emesis. Her symptoms began several days after she decreased her caloric intake in an attempt to lose weight. She had been drinking 48 to 60 oz of water per day for several days before admission in an attempt to ameliorate her constipation. She also admits to drinking alcohol the night before her pain began. She had visited several other emergency departments before her presentation to our hospital, and she had been sent home on a bowel regimen without amelioration of her symptoms...
January 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159396/association-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-lower-brain-volume-in-healthy-middle-aged-adults-in-the-framingham-study
#13
Galit Weinstein, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Sarah R Preis, Alexa S Beiser, Charles DeCarli, Elizabeth K Speliotes, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri
Importance: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common condition that is most often asymptomatic. It is associated with metabolic syndrome, incident diabetes, carotid atherosclerosis, and endothelial dysfunction, conditions that in turn are strongly linked with brain damage and cognitive impairment. However, it is not known whether NAFLD is associated with structural brain measures in humans. Objective: To assess the association between prevalent NAFLD and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058628/effect-of-strength-training-on-sleep-apnea-severity-in-the-elderly-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Roberto Pacheco da Silva, Denis Martinez, Pedro Lopez, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs due to sleep-induced upper airway muscle relaxation resulting in increased pharyngeal collapsibility. Clinical trials have shown a favorable effect of exercise training on OSA severity in middle-aged adults. Aging is characterized by motor-unit loss. Force training may affect the whole body muscle tone. We hypothesize that interventions increasing muscle strength might propagate to motor units at the abductor pharyngeal muscles, reducing collapsibility and, hence, sleep apnea severity in elderly patients with obstructive sleep apnea...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887987/in-situ-cross-linking-carbodiimide-modified-chitosan-hydrogel-for-postoperative-adhesion-prevention-in-a-rat-model
#16
Long-Xiang Lin, Jing-Wan Luo, Fang Yuan, Hui-Hui Zhang, Chen-Qing Ye, Peng Zhang, Yu-Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion often causes many complications. Chitosan fluid has been used in clinic to prevent intra-abdominal adhesion. However, fluid can be easily diluted and cannot stay on the wound site. As hydrogel is able to form stable physical barrier to separate injured tissues, we developed a chitosan hydrogel for better prevention of intra-abdominal adhesion in this study. METHODS: We synthesized a carbodiimide-derivatized chitosan gelatin (cd-CS-gelatin) hydrogel and investigated its rheological properties...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798146/bloody-stools-in-a-3-day-old-term-infant
#17
Amelia Bray-Aschenbrenner, L Richard Feldenberg, Amelia Kirby, Colleen M Fitzpatrick, Justin B Josephsen
A 3-day-old term, male infant presented to the emergency department for evaluation of bloody stools. The infant was born after an uncomplicated pregnancy followed by a normal spontaneous vaginal delivery. The mother was group B Streptococcus colonized, and received antenatal penicillin prophylaxis. The infant received routine delivery room care, and was given ophthalmic erythromycin and intramuscular vitamin K. Circumcision was performed without bleeding and he was discharged from the newborn nursery and the hospital after 48 hours...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759119/comparison-of-design-features-and-mechanical-properties-of-commercially-available-veress-needles
#18
Johannes P Schramel, Angelika Kindslehner, Barbara A Bockstahler, Gilles P Dupré
OBJECTIVE: To compare design features and mechanical properties of 13 commercially available Veress needles (VN). STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veress needles from 9 manufacturers (6 reusable, 6 disposable, and 1 with a reusable stylet combined with a disposable cannula) were included in the study. METHODS: Veress needles are designed with a spring-loaded stylet to protect the tip of the cannula following insertion into the abdomen...
July 31, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736585/late-onset-asymptomatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-a-case-report-on-the-phenotypic-expansion-for-men1
#19
Charu Kaiwar, Sarah K Macklin, Jennifer M Gass, Jessica Jackson, Eric W Klee, Stephanie L Hines, John A Stauffer, Paldeep S Atwal
BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a hereditary cancer syndrome associated with several endocrine as well as non-endocrine tumors and is caused by mutations in the MEN1 gene. Primary hyperparathyroidism affects the majority of MEN1 individuals by age 50 years. Additionally, MEN1 mutations trigger familial isolated hyperparathyroidism. We describe a seemingly unaffected 76-year-old female who presented to our Genetics Clinic with a family history of primary hyperparathyroidism and the identification of a pathogenic MEN1 variant...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736210/effects-of-positive-expiratory-pressure-on-chest-wall-volumes-in-subjects-with-stroke-compared-to-healthy-controls-a-case-control-study
#20
Elis E A Cabral, Vanessa R Resqueti, Illia N D F Lima, Lucien P Gualdi, Andrea Aliverti, Guilherme A F Fregonezi
BACKGROUND: Alterations in respiratory system kinematics in stroke lead to restrictive pattern associated with decreased lung volumes. Chest physical therapy, such as positive expiratory pressure, may be useful in the treatment of these patients; however, the optimum intensity to promote volume and motion changes of the chest wall remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of different intensities of positive expiratory pressure on chest wall kinematics in subjects with stroke compared to healthy controls...
November 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
keyword
keyword
84159
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"