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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881670/the-effect-of-alternate-day-caloric-restriction-on-the-metabolic-consequences-of-eight-days-bed-rest-in-healthy-lean-men-a-randomized-trial
#1
Nina Majlund Harder-Lauridsen, Signe Tellerup Nielsen, Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Mark Preben Lyngbæk, Fabiana Braga Benatti, Annika Reynberg Langkilde, Ian Law, Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard, Carsten Thomsen, Kirsten Moller, Kristian Karstoft, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Rikke Krogh-Madsen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and alternate-day fasting/caloric restriction may both ameliorate aspects of the metabolic syndrome, such as insulin resistance, visceral fat mass accumulation, and cognitive impairment, by overlapping mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that alternate-day caloric restriction (ADCR) with overall energy balance would reduce insulin resistance and accumulation of visceral fat, in addition to improving cognitive functions, after eight consecutive days in bed...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846930/-ccafu-french-national-guidelines-2016-2018-on-penile-cancer
#2
P Sèbe, L Ferretti, P-H Savoie, N Morel-Journel, A Fléchon, T Murez, L Rocher, P Camparo, A Méjean, X Durand
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to establish guidelines proposed by the external genital organ group of the CCAFU for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of penile cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The multidisciplinary working party studied 2013 guidelines exhaustively reviewed the literature, and evaluated references and their level of proof in order to attribute grades of recommandation. RESULTS: The most common histological type is squamous cell carcinoma...
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761689/limitations-to-work-related-functioning-of-people-with-persistent-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-a-modified-delphi-study-among-physicians
#3
K H N Weerdesteijn, F G Schaafsma, A J van der Beek, J R Anema
Purpose The purpose of this study was to obtain consensus among physicians of several medical specialties on the level of limitations to work-related functioning of people with persistent "medically unexplained" physical symptoms (PPS). Methods A modified Delphi study was conducted with 15 physicians of five different medical specialties. The study involved two email rounds and one meeting. In each round, the physicians prioritized the level of limitations in 78 work-related functioning items for four different PPS cases...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757346/complications-of-lower-body-lift-surgery-in-postbariatric-patients
#4
Ingrid G M Poodt, Martine M van Dijk, Steven Klein, Maarten M Hoogbergen
: There is an exponential rise of patients with massive weight loss because of bariatric surgery or lifestyle changes. The result is an increase of patients with folds of redundant skin that may cause physical and psychological problems. The lower body lift is a procedure to correct deformities in the abdomen, mons, flanks, lateral thighs, and buttocks. Complication rates are quite high and could negatively affect the positive outcomes. The purpose of this study is to assess complication rates and to identify predictors of complications to optimize outcomes for patients after lower body lift surgery...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749800/a-case-of-child-physical-abuse-with-a-rolling-pin-insertion-resulting-in-bladder-and-rectal-perforation
#5
Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745817/emergency-room-plain-radiograph-imaging-study-indications-an-analysis-of-quality-and-trends-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#6
Kevin Kalisz, Vasant Garg, Kyle Basques, Robert Gilkeson, Peter Young
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the quality of and analyze trends among clinical indications received for emergency room radiograph studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical indications provided by the emergency room and rapid care for consecutive chest, abdominal, and musculoskeletal radiographs were reviewed. Chart review was performed to analyze the provided indications compared to clinical information known to the ordering providers. Chest and abdominal radiograph indications were graded according to symptoms and physical examination signs and relevant past medical history...
October 10, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716642/automatic-exposure-control-calibration-and-optimisation-for-abdomen-pelvis-and-lumbar-spine-imaging-with-an-agfa-computed-radiography-system
#7
C S Moore, T J Wood, G Avery, S Balcam, L Needler, H Joshi, J R Saunderson, A W Beavis
The use of three physical image quality metrics, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and mean effective noise equivalent quanta (eNEQm) have recently been examined by our group for their appropriateness in the calibration of an automatic exposure control (AEC) device for chest radiography with an Agfa computed radiography (CR) imaging system. This study uses the same methodology but investigates AEC calibration for abdomen, pelvis and spine CR imaging. AEC calibration curves were derived using a simple uniform phantom (equivalent to 20 cm water) to ensure each metric was held constant across the tube voltage range...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685954/laparoscopic-evaluation-of-umbilical-disorders-in-calves
#8
Mickaël Robert, Gwenola Touzot-Jourde, Olga Nikolayenkova-Topie, Nora Cesbron, Borhane Fellah, Caroline Tessier, Olivier Gauthier
OBJECTIVE: To describe a laparoscopic technique for evaluating umbilical disorders in calves, including feasibility, visualization of umbilical structures, and related complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Male calves (15 Holstein, 2 Montbeliard) with umbilical disorders (n=17). METHODS: Calves <2 months old with obvious umbilical disease were assessed by clinical examination and ultrasonography of the umbilical structures...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580145/physiological-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training-with-matched-exercise-volume
#9
Lee Chia-Lun, Hsu Wei-Chieh, Cheng Ching-Feng
PURPOSE: To determine how high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols featuring matched times but distinct sprint durations affect cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses and performance. METHODS: Thirty-eight recreationally active men (aged 21 ± 2 years) were assigned to one of three interval training groups: long-duration high-intensity (HIIT60s; 8 × 60-s at 85%-90% V˙O2max; 120-s recovery at 30% V˙O2max), short-duration high-intensity (HIIT10s; 48 × 10-s at 85%-90% V˙O2max; 20-s recovery at 30% V˙O2max), and control (CON; regular physical activity without HIIT)...
August 30, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489715/incidental-finding-of-a-huge-ovarian-serous-cystadenoma-in-an-adolescent-female-with-menorrhagia
#10
Ahmad Abu Sulb, Marwa Abu El Haija, Akila Muthukumar
Pelvic tumors in adolescent females are very uncommon. While the most common presentation is pelvic discomfort, we report the case of a 14-year-old female presenting with menorrhagia which is an unusual initial complaint for a large pelvic tumor. Adolescent females who present with heavy menstrual bleeding initially undergo assessment to rule out a bleeding disorder. In this case, careful history and physical examination helped in making a quick diagnosis and management. Ultrasound of abdomen showed a huge cystic mass due to serous cystadenoma of the ovary...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464510/rationale-design-and-methods-for-canadian-alliance-for-healthy-hearts-and-minds-cohort-study-cahhm-a-pan-canadian-cohort-study
#11
Sonia S Anand, Jack V Tu, Philip Awadalla, Sandra Black, Catherine Boileau, David Busseuil, Dipika Desai, Jean-Pierre Després, Russell J de Souza, Trevor Dummer, Sébastien Jacquemont, Bartha Knoppers, Eric Larose, Scott A Lear, Francois Marcotte, Alan R Moody, Louise Parker, Paul Poirier, Paula J Robson, Eric E Smith, John J Spinelli, Jean-Claude Tardif, Koon K Teo, Natasa Tusevljak, Matthias G Friedrich
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) is a pan-Canadian, prospective, multi-ethnic cohort study being conducted in Canada. The overarching objective of the CAHHM is to understand the association of socio-environmental and contextual factors (such as societal structure, activity, nutrition, social and tobacco environments, and access to health services) with cardiovascular risk factors, subclinical vascular disease, and cardiovascular and other chronic disease outcomes...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401440/integrating-efast-in-the-initial-management-of-stable-trauma-patients-the-end-of-plain-film-radiography
#12
Sophie Rym Hamada, Nathalie Delhaye, Sebastien Kerever, Anatole Harrois, Jacques Duranteau
BACKGROUND: The initial management of a trauma patient is a critical and demanding period. The use of extended focused assessment sonography for trauma (eFAST) has become more prevalent in trauma rooms, raising questions about the real "added value" of chest X-rays (CXRs) and pelvic X-rays (PXR), particularly in haemodynamically stable trauma patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a management protocol integrating eFAST and excluding X-rays in stable trauma patients...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352442/an-unusual-presentation-of-plasma-cells-castleman-disease-a-case-report
#13
Mariana Mihăilă, V Herlea, Camelia Dobrea, Ioana Lupescu, Gina Rusu Munteanu, Grethi Chiriac, L Micu, R Serescu, I Copaci
We present the case of a 76 year old female patient admitted in the Department of Cardiology for physical asthenia, profuse sweating and dyspnea with orthopnea for about one month. Clinical and paraclinical assessments performed at admission confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Surgical intervention was performed and 400 mL of clear effusion were drained. Post-operative evolution was marked by recurrence of symptoms, requiring after 3 weeks a new drainage of 600 mL of clear effusion, and biopsy of the pericardium was performed...
April 2016: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331066/assessment-and-availability-of-trauma-care-services-in-a-district-hospital-of-south-india-a-field-observational-study
#14
Pallavi Sarji Uthkarsh, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Sai Sabharish Reddy, Mandya Siddalingaiah Rajanna
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability of trauma care services in a district referral hospital of Southern India. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study being performed during 2013 in a tertiary healthcare centre in Southern Indian. A detailed assessment of trauma care services was done in a 400 bed speciality hospital which is an apex referral hospital in the public health system using a check list based on WHO guidelines for evaluation of essential trauma care services, along with in-depth interviews of hospital stake holders and key informants...
April 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326698/effects-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-on-physical-capacity-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-low-to-intermediate-risk-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#15
Markus K Schuler, Leopold Hentschel, Julia Göbel, Ekaterina Balaian, Beate Hornemann, Julia Hoffmann, Michael Kramer, Philip Kasten, Martin Bornhäuser, Gerhard Ehninger, Uwe Platzbecker
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is a frequent and disabling symptom in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). There is evidence for the benefit of exercise on fatigue in haematological malignancies, but clinical trials targeting patients with MDS do not exist. METHODS: A prospective, non-randomized feasibility trial was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of a home-based exercise intervention in patients with MDS. Exercise schedule contained endurance or strength training in daily turns over 12 weeks...
August 2016: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322977/case-231-retroperitoneal-adrenal-teratoma-presenting-as-trichoptysis
#16
Vikas Bhatia, Sanjiv Sharma, Shikha Sood, Kavita Mardi, Bargawee Venkat
History A 24-year-old woman from a rural village presented with vague left hypochondrium pain and a cough for the past 2 years. She had a history of occasionally expectorating hairlike strands with her cough. Because the patient was from a rural area, she first consulted with the village priest, as she presumed her illness to be some supernatural phenomenon. The priest advised her to collect the strands for religious rituals ( Fig 1 ). She collected these strands for some time; however, because her cough worsened, she visited the hospital...
July 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220028/role-of-heart-rate-in-the-relation-between-regional-body-fat-and-subendocardial-viability-ratio-in-women
#17
Joaquin U Gonzales, Omar Hadri
Subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) is a measure of left ventricular function, specifically; it is an index of myocardial perfusion relative to left ventricular workload. Women have lower SEVR than men, partly due to a faster resting heart rate that reduces diastolic time (i.e., time for myocardial perfusion). It is unclear if body fat relates to SEVR, thus the purpose of this study was to examine the relation between body fat and SEVR in women. Twenty-eight middle-aged (31-45 years) and 31 older (60-80 years) women were examined...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165240/concurrent-chemoradiation-with-weekly-paclitaxel-and-cisplatin-for-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#18
Bita Kalaghchi, Robab Abdi, Farnaz Amouzegar-Hashemi, Ebrahim Esmati, Afsaneh Alikhasi
Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological cancers in Iranian women. This study was initiated to assess whether the combination of paclitaxel and cisplatin with radiation might feasible for these patients. The aim was to assess tumor response and toxicity of weekly cisplatin and paclitaxel along with radiotherapy in the treatment of cervical cancer. Women with primary untreated squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix with FIGO stages IB2 to IIIB were treated with weekly injections of cisplatin 30 mg/m2 and paclitaxel 35 mg/m2 for 5-6 weeks along with radiotherapy...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065657/utility-of-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-initial-staging-and-response-assessment-of-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#19
Narendra Hulikal, Sivanath Reddy Gajjala, Teck Chand Kalawat, Radhika Kottu, Lakshmi Amancharla Yadagiri
In India up to 50 % of breast cancer patients still present as locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). The conventional methods of metastatic work up include physical examination, bone scan, chest & abdominal imaging, and biochemical tests. It is likely that the conventional staging underestimates the extent of initial spread and there is a need for more sophisticated staging procedure. The PET/CT can detect extra-axillary and occult distant metastases and also aid in predicting response to chemotherapy at an early point in time...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018016/cohort-profile-the-saguenay-youth-study-sys
#20
Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus, Michal Abrahamowicz, Manon Bernard, Daniel Gaudet, Gabriel Leonard, Michel Peron, G Bruce Pike, Louis Richer, Jean R Séguin, Suzanne Veillette
The Saguenay Youth Study (SYS) is a two-generational study of adolescents and their parents (n= 1029 adolescents and 962 parents) aimed at investigating the aetiology, early stages and trans-generational trajectories of common cardiometabolic and brain diseases. The ultimate goal of this study is to identify effective means for increasing healthy life expectancy. The cohort was recruited from the genetic founder population of the Saguenay Lac St Jean region of Quebec, Canada. The participants underwent extensive (15-h) phenotyping, including an hour-long recording of beat-by-beat blood pressure, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and abdomen, and serum lipidomic profiling with LC-ESI-MS...
March 27, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
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