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Bahtijor Rasulov, Eero Talts, Ulo Niinemets
Plant isoprene emissions respond to light and temperature similarly to photosynthesis, but CO2-dependencies of isoprene emission and photosynthesis are profoundly different with photosynthesis increasing and isoprene emissions decreasing with increasing CO2 concentration due to reasons not yet understood. We studied isoprene emission, net assimilation rate and chlorophyll fluorescence under different CO2 and O2 concentrations in the strong isoprene emitter hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x P. tremuloides), and used rapid changes in ambient CO2 or O2 concentrations or light level to induce oscillations...
October 21, 2016: Plant Physiology
Dawid P Hanak, Athanasios J Kolios, Tosin Onabanjo, Stuart T Wagland, Kumar Patchigolla, Beatriz Fidalgo, Vasilije Manovic, Ewan McAdam, Alison Parker, Leon Williams, Sean Tyrrel, Elise Cartmell
With about 2.4 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation facilities, there is a strong incentive for development of novel sanitation systems to improve the quality of life and reduce mortality. The Nano Membrane Toilet is expected to provide a unique household-scale system that would produce electricity and recover water from human excrement and urine. This study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of the conceptual energy and water recovery system for the Nano Membrane Toilet designed for a household of ten people and to assess its self-sustainability...
October 15, 2016: Energy Conversion and Management
John S Mason, Michael Crowell, Jeffery Dolbeer, Jamie Morris, Aspen Terry, Shane Koppenhaver, Donald Lee Goss
BACKGROUND: Recently, dry needling has emerged as a popular treatment for muscular pain and impairments. While there are numerous studies detailing the benefits of dry needling for pain, few studies exist examining the effects on soft tissue mobility. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if the addition of hamstring dry needling to a standard stretching program results in greater improvements in hamstring flexibility compared to sham dry needling and stretching in subjects with atraumatic knee pain...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Justine Karst, Jacob Gaster, Erin Wiley, Simon M Landhäusser
How carbon (C) flows through plants into soils is poorly understood. Carbon exuded comes from a pool of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) in roots. Simple models of diffusion across concentration gradients indicate that the more C in roots, the more C should be exuded from roots. However, the mechanisms underlying the accumulation and loss of C from roots may differ depending on the stress experienced by plants. Thus, stress type may influence exudation independent of NSC. We tested this hypothesis by examining the relationship between NSC in fine roots and exudation of organic C in aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx...
October 15, 2016: Tree Physiology
Christian Bianchi Strømme, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto, Jorunn Elisabeth Olsen, Line Nybakken
The effects of warming on autumnal growth cessation and bud formation in trees remain ambiguous due to contrasting observations between a range of studies under controlled conditions and field experiments. High night temperature has been reported to advance growth cessation and bud formation in several tree species grown under controlled conditions. On the other hand, some recent field experiments have shown that autumn warming delays bud formation, although the temperature parameters that could account for this effect have not been identified...
October 13, 2016: Tree Physiology
Päivi L H Rinne, Laju K Paul, Jorma Vahala, Jaakko Kangasjärvi, Christiaan van der Schoot
Axillary buds (AXBs) of hybrid aspen (Populus tremula×P. tremuloides) contain a developing dwarfed shoot that becomes para-dormant at the bud maturation point. Para-dormant AXBs can grow out after stem decapitation, while dormant AXBs pre-require long-term chilling to release them from dormancy. The latter is mediated by gibberellin (GA)-regulated 1,3-β-glucanases, but it is unknown if GA is also important in the development, activation, and outgrowth of para-dormant AXBs. The present data show that para-dormant AXBs up-regulate GA receptor genes during their maturation, but curtail GA biosynthesis by down-regulating the rate-limiting GIBBERELLIN 3-OXIDASE2 (GA3ox2), which is characteristically expressed in the growing apex...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
Wenqing Zhang, Janusz J Zwiazek
Low phosphorus (P) availability and high pH inhibit plant growth in calcareous soils and some oil sands reclamation sites in northeastern Alberta, Canada. In this study, we used a split-root hydroponic setup to test the effects of supplemental P with different calcium (Ca) concentrations and root-zone pH conditions on the growth and physiological response of trees commonly found in the region: paper birch ( Marsh.), trembling aspen ( Michx.), green alder [ (Chaix) DC.], and black spruce [ (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Evgeny V Plotnikov, Lubov B Glukhova, Ludmila O Sokolyanskaya, Olga V Karnachuk, Marc Solioz
We compared cold and hot wood extracts of 3 endemic Siberian trees-namely, Prunus padus (bird cherry), Populus tremula (aspen), and Betula sp. (birch)-on biomass production and laccase and peroxidase secretion in submerged cultures by the medicinal mushroom Lentinus edodes. Of the conditions tested, only hot Prunus extracts stimulated biomass production, whereas all extracts stimulated laccase and peroxidase secretion, albeit to different extents. A large, differential stimulation of manganese peroxidase was observed by hot Prunus extracts...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Wei Han, Yun Yi Hu, Shi Yi Li, Fei Fei Li, Jun Hong Tang
Biohydrogen production from waste bread in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) was techno-economically assessed. The treating capacity of the H2-producing plant was assumed to be 2 ton waste bread per day with lifetime of 10years. Aspen Plus was used to simulate the mass and energy balance of the plant. The total capital investment (TCI), total annual production cost (TAPC) and annual revenue of the plant were USD931020, USD299746/year and USD639920/year, respectively. The unit hydrogen production cost was USD1...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Research
Catalina Mosquera, Nicholas J Koutlas, Kimberly C Edwards, Ashley Strickland, Nasreen A Vohra, Emmanuel E Zervos, Timothy L Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: The accurate diagnosis of malnutrition is imperative if we are to impact outcomes in the malnourished. The American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) and Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), in an attempt to address this issue, have provided evidence-based criteria to diagnose malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to validate the ASPEN/AND criteria in a cohort of patients from a single high-volume surgical oncology unit. METHODS: Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery from June 2013 to March 2015 were classified by their nutritional status using the ASPEN/AND criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Mary P Lupo
*Proceedings from a recent cosmetic dermatology conference, Cosmetic Bootcamp, Aspen, CO.
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Sean P Wilson, Kiah Connolly, Shadi Lahham, Mohammad Subeh, Chanel Fischetti, Alan Chiem, Ariel Aspen, Craig Anderson, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to compare the time to overall length of stay (LOS) for patients who underwent point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) versus radiology department ultrasound (RDUS). METHODS: This was a prospective study on a convenience sample of patients who required pelvic ultrasound imaging as part of their emergency department (ED) assessment. RESULTS: We enrolled a total of 194 patients who were on average 32 years-old. Ninety-eight (51%) patients were pregnant (<20 weeks)...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rosario Porrazzo, Graeme White, Raffaella Ocone
Among the well-known state-of-the-art technologies for CO2 capture, Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) stands out for its potential to capture CO2 efficiently from a fuel power plant. CLC involves the combustion of carbonaceous fuel such as coal-derived syngas or natural gas via a redox chemical reaction with a solid oxygen carrier circulating between two fluidised beds. Avoided NOx emissions, high CO2 capture and thermal efficiency are the key concepts that make worth the investigation of this technology. One of the main issues about CLC might concern the impact of the solid metal oxides price and lifetime on the Levelised Cost Of the Electricity (LCOE)...
October 20, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Aspen M Workman, Timothy P L Smith, Fernando A Osorio, Hiep L X Vu
A recent outbreak of particularly virulent disease caused by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus has occurred in swine herds across the United States. We report here the complete genome sequence of eight viral isolates from four Nebraska herds experiencing an outbreak of severe disease in 2016.
2016: Genome Announcements
Eli-Anne Skaug, Bjarne Nes, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, Øyvind Ellingsen
BACKGROUND: Oral tobacco (snuff) is taking a large market share in Scandinavia, especially with young users. However, long-term health effects are unknown. Small studies show association between snuff and reduced endothelial function, representing an early stage of vascular injury that often precedes manifest cardiovascular disease by several years. We therefore determined the associations between snuff and endothelial function in a large sample of healthy Norwegian men. METHODS AND DESIGN: In the Fitness substudy of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3), endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
2016: PloS One
Hongsen Zhang, Gang Liu, Jian Zhang, Jie Bao
High titer gluconic acid and xylonic acid were simultaneously fermented by Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2003 using corn stover feedstock after dry dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment, biodetoxification and high solids content hydrolysis. Maximum sodium gluconate and xylonate were produced at the titer of 132.46g/L and 38.86g/L with the overall yield of 97.12% from glucose and 90.02% from xylose, respectively. The drawbacks of filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger including weak inhibitor tolerance, large pellet formation and no xylose utilization were solved by using the bacterium strain G...
November 2016: Bioresource Technology
Yu-Jeng Lin, Eric Chen, Gary T Rochelle
Alternative stripping processes have been proposed to reduce energy use for CO2 capture, but only a few have been applied to pilot-scale experiments. This paper presents the first pilot plant test results of one of the most promising stripper configurations, the advanced flash stripper with cold and warm rich solvent bypass. The campaign using aqueous piperazine was carried out at UT Austin in 2015. The advanced flash stripper improves the heat duty by over 25% compared to previous campaigns using the two-stage flash, achieving 2...
October 20, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Camille Christe, Kai N Stölting, Margot Paris, Christelle Fraїsse, Nicolas Bierne, Christian Lexer
Speciation often involves repeated episodes of genetic contact between divergent populations before reproductive isolation (RI) is complete. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) holds great promise for unravelling the genomic bases of speciation. We have studied two ecologically divergent, hybridizing species of the 'model tree' genus Populus (poplars, aspens, cottonwoods), Populus alba and P. tremula, using >8.6 million Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) from WGS of population pools. We used the genomic data to (1) scan these species' genomes for regions of elevated and reduced divergence, (2) assess key aspects of their joint demographic history based on genome-wide site frequency spectra (SFS), (3) infer the potential roles of adaptive and deleterious coding mutations in shaping the genomic landscape of divergence...
July 22, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Anna S Dotsenko, Alexander V Gusakov, Aleksandra M Rozhkova, Olga A Sinitsyna, Vitaly A Nemashkalov, Arkady P Sinitsyn
Endoglucanase IIa from Penicillium verruculosum (PvCel5A) has three potential N-glycosylation sites: Asn19, Asn42 and Asn194. In order to study the role of N-glycosylation, the wild type (wt) PvCel5A and its mutant forms, carrying Asn to Ala substitutions, were cloned into Penicillium canescens All forms of the rPvCel5A were successfully expressed and purified for characterization. The MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry peptide fingerprinting showed that N-glycans linked to Asn42 and Asn194 represent variable oligosaccharides, according to the formula (Man)1-9(GlcNAc)2 No evidence for Asn19 glycosylation was found...
July 20, 2016: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
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