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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783620/binding-of-helicobacter-pylori-to-human-gastric-mucins-correlates-with-binding-of-tff1
#1
Ciara Dunne, Julie Naughton, Gina Duggan, Catherine Loughrey, Michelle Kilcoyne, Lokesh Joshi, Stephen Carrington, Helen Earley, Steffen Backert, Catherine Robbe Masselot, Felicity E B May, Marguerite Clyne
Helicobacter pylori binds to the gastric mucin, MUC5AC, and to trefoil factor, TFF1, which has been shown to interact with gastric mucin. We examined the interactions of TFF1 and H. pylori with purified gastrointestinal mucins from different animal species and from humans printed on a microarray platform to investigate whether TFF1 may play a role in locating H. pylori in gastric mucus. TFF1 bound almost exclusively to human gastric mucins and did not interact with human colonic mucins. There was a strong correlation between binding of TFF1 and H...
May 18, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774294/seroprevalence-and-awareness-of-porcine-cysticercosis-across-different-pig-production-systems-in-south-central-cambodia
#2
Aderosoye Adenuga, Ana Mateus, Chhay Ty, Khieu Borin, Davun Holl, Sorn San, Victoria Duggan, Madeleine Clark, Gavin J D Smith, Richard Coker, Andrew Vaughn, James W Rudge
Background: Taeniasis/cysticercosis, caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium , represents an important public health and economic burden in endemic countries. However, there is a paucity of data on infection among pigs in many parts of Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia. We aimed to estimate seroprevalence of porcine cysticercosis, and investigate husbandary practices and knowledge of the disease among livestock workers, across different pig sector units in south-central Cambodia...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769358/resolving-the-phylogenetic-position-of-darwin-s-extinct-ground-sloth-mylodon-darwinii-using-mitogenomic-and-nuclear-exon-data
#3
Frédéric Delsuc, Melanie Kuch, Gillian C Gibb, Jonathan Hughes, Paul Szpak, John Southon, Jacob Enk, Ana T Duggan, Hendrik N Poinar
Mylodon darwinii is the extinct giant ground sloth named after Charles Darwin, who first collected its remains in South America. We have successfully obtained a high-quality mitochondrial genome at 99-fold coverage using an Illumina shotgun sequencing of a 12 880-year-old bone fragment from Mylodon Cave in Chile. Low level of DNA damage showed that this sample was exceptionally well preserved for an ancient subfossil, probably the result of the dry and cold conditions prevailing within the cave. Accordingly, taxonomic assessment of our shotgun metagenomic data showed a very high percentage of endogenous DNA with 22% of the assembled metagenomic contigs assigned to Xenarthra...
May 16, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769045/food-availability-and-food-access-in-rural-agricultural-communities-use-of-mixed-methods
#4
Linda K Ko, Cassandra Enzler, Cynthia K Perry, Edgar Rodriguez, Norma Mariscal, Sandra Linde, Catherine Duggan
BACKGROUND: Hispanics bear some of the highest burden of the obesity epidemic and the disparities gap is bigger among Hispanics in rural communities. This mixed methods study examined the objective and subjective assessment of food availability and food access in four rural, agricultural, and predominantly Hispanic communities. METHODS: In this convergent parallel mixed methods study, we used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey (NEMS) of Food Stores and Restaurants to objectively assess 57 food stores and 69 restaurants in four rural agricultural communities in Washington State...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759259/1-300-days-and-counting-a-risk-model-approach-to-preventing-retained-foreign-objects-rfos
#5
Erika G Duggan, Jimmy Fernandez, Mary May Saulan, Dave L Mayers, Mira Nikolaj, Tamara M Strah, Lystra M Swift, Larissa Temple
BACKGROUND: A retained foreign object (RFO) is a devastating surgical complication that typically results in additional surgeries, increased length of stay, and risk of infections and is potentially fatal. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) convened a multidisciplinary task force to undertake an improvement initiative to reduce the frequency of RFO incidents. METHODS: A needs assessment was undertaken using focus group interviews, review of past RFOs, and operating room (OR) observations, and a comprehensive intervention plan was initiated...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750367/efficacy-of-maternal-choline-supplementation-during-pregnancy-in-mitigating-adverse-effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-on-growth-and-cognitive-function-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Sandra W Jacobson, R Colin Carter, Christopher D Molteno, Mark E Stanton, Jane Herbert, Nadine M Lindinger, Catherine E Lewis, Neil C Dodge, H Eugene Hoyme, Steven H Zeisel, Ernesta M Meintjes, Christopher P Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated the acceptability and feasibility of a randomized, double-blind choline supplementation intervention for heavy drinking women during pregnancy. In this paper, we report our results relating to the efficacy of this intervention in mitigating adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on infant growth and cognitive function. METHODS: 69 Cape Coloured (mixed ancestry) heavy drinkers in Cape Town, South Africa, recruited in mid-pregnancy, were randomly assigned to receive a daily oral dose of either 2 g of choline or placebo from time of enrollment until delivery...
May 11, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750366/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-maternal-choline-supplementation-in-heavy-drinking-pregnant-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Sandra W Jacobson, R Colin Carter, Christopher D Molteno, Ernesta M Meintjes, Marjanne Senekal, Nadine M Lindinger, Neil C Dodge, Steven H Zeisel, Christopher P Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Choline, an essential nutrient, serves as a methyl-group donor for DNA methylation and is a constituent of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and a precursor to major components of cell membranes. Findings from animal studies suggest that choline supplementation during pregnancy may mitigate adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on growth and neurocognitive function. We conducted a randomized, double-blind exploratory trial to examine feasibility and acceptability of a choline supplementation intervention during pregnancy...
May 11, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735668/modeling-combination-therapy-for-breast-cancer-with-bet-and-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#8
Xiulan Lai, Andrew Stiff, Megan Duggan, Robert Wesolowski, William E Carson, Avner Friedman
CTLA-4 is an immune checkpoint expressed on active anticancer T cells. When it combines with its ligand B7 on dendritic cells, it inhibits the activity of the T cells. The Bromo- and Extra-Terminal (BET) protein family includes proteins that regulate the expression of key oncogenes and antiapoptotic proteins. BET inhibitor (BETi) has been shown to reduce the expression of MYC by suppressing its transcription factors and to down-regulate the hypoxic transcriptome response to VEGF-A. This paper develops a mathematical model of the treatment of cancer by combination therapy of BETi and CTLA-4 inhibitor...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727261/virtual-telemedicine-visits-in-pediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#9
Bram P Raphael, Caitlin Schumann, Sara Garrity-Gentille, Jennifer McClelland, Carolyn Rosa, Christina Tascione, Mary Gallotto, Melissa Takvorian-Bené, Alexandra N Carey, Patrick McCarthy, Christopher Duggan, Al Ozonoff
BACKGROUND: Despite being less costly than prolonged hospitalization, home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is associated with high rates of post-discharge complications, including frequent readmissions and central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Telemedicine has been associated with improved outcomes and reduced healthcare utilization in other high-risk populations, but no studies to date have supported effectiveness of telemedicine in pediatric HPN. METHODS: We prospectively collected data on pediatric patients managed at a single HPN program who participated in postdischarge telemedicine visits from March 1, 2014 to March 30, 2016...
May 4, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720384/plasma-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-angiogenesis-predict-cerebral-cavernous-malformation-symptomatic-hemorrhage-or-lesional-growth
#10
Romuald Girard, Hussein A Zeineddine, Janne Koskimaki, Maged D Fam, Ying Cao, Changbin Shi, Thomas J Moore, Rhonda Lightle, Agnieszka Stadnik, Kiranj K Chaudager, Sean P Polster, Robert Shenkar, Ryan C Duggan, David Leclerc, Kevin J Whitehead, Dean Li, Issam A Awad
<u>Rationale:</u> The clinical course of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) is highly unpredictable, with few cross-sectional studies correlating pro-inflammatory genotypes and plasma biomarkers with prior disease severity. <u>Objective:</u> We hypothesize that a panel of 24 candidate plasma biomarkers, with a reported role in the physiopathology of CCMs, may predict subsequent clinically relevant disease activity. <u>Methods and Results:</u> Plasma biomarkers were assessed in non-fasting peripheral venous blood collected from consecutive CCM subjects followed for one year after initial sample collection...
May 2, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713294/characteristics-and-pathways-of-long-stay-patients-in-high-and-medium-secure-settings-in-england-a-secondary-publication-from-a-large-mixed-methods-study
#11
Birgit A Völlm, Rachel Edworthy, Nick Huband, Emily Talbot, Shazmin Majid, Jessica Holley, Vivek Furtado, Tim Weaver, Ruth McDonald, Conor Duggan
Background: Many patients experience extended stays within forensic care, but the characteristics of long-stay patients are poorly understood. Aims: To describe the characteristics of long-stay patients in high and medium secure settings in England. Method: Detailed file reviews provided clinical, offending and risk data for a large representative sample of 401 forensic patients from 2 of the 3 high secure settings and from 23 of the 57 medium secure settings in England on 1 April 2013. The threshold for long-stay status was defined as 5 years in medium secure care or 10 years in high secure care, or 15 years in a combination of high and medium secure settings...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704667/gene-expression-profiling-of-primary-human-type-i-alveolar-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-bacillus-anthracis-spores-reveals-induction-of-neutrophil-and-monocyte-chemokines
#12
J Leland Booth, Elizabeth S Duggan, Vineet I Patel, Wenxin Wu, Dennis M Burian, David C Hutchings, Vicky L White, K Mark Coggeshall, Mikhail G Dozmorov, Jordan P Metcalf
The lung is the entry site for Bacillus anthracis in inhalation anthrax, the most deadly form of the disease. Spores must escape through the alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) barrier and migrate to regional lymph nodes, germinate and enter the circulatory system to cause disease. Several mechanisms to explain alveolar escape have been postulated, and all these tacitly involve the AEC barrier. In this study, we incorporate our primary human type I AEC model, microarray and gene enrichment analysis, qRT-PCR, multiplex ELISA, and neutrophil and monocyte chemotaxis assays to study the response of AEC to B...
April 25, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694144/suppression-of-excited-%C3%AF-states-relative-to-the-ground-state-in-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s-_-nn-5-02-tev
#13
A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, O Dvornikov, V Makarenko, V Mossolov, J Suarez Gonzalez, V Zykunov, N Shumeiko, S Alderweireldt, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, K Skovpen, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, F Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, X Gao, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, M Ruan, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, E Yazgan, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, T Susa, M W Ather, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, T Elkafrawy, A Mahrous, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, L Wendland, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, B Fabbro, J L Faure, C Favaro, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Titov, A Abdulsalam, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, E Chapon, C Charlot, O Davignon, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, A Lobanov, J Martin Blanco, P Miné, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, S Regnard, R Salerno, Y Sirois, A G Stahl Leiton, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, A Zghiche, J-L Agram, J Andrea, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, A-C Le Bihan, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, C A Carrillo Montoya, R Chierici, D Contardo, B Courbon, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fay, L Finco, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, A Khvedelidze, D Lomidze, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, M Preuten, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, A Albert, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Dolinska, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, A Grohsjean, P Gunnellini, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, O Karacheban, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, T Lenz, J Leonard, K Lipka, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, R Placakyte, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Ö Sahin, P Saxena, T Schoerner-Sadenius, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, C Wissing, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, A R Draeger, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, M Hoffmann, A Junkes, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, S Kurz, T Lapsien, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, J Sonneveld, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, P Goldenzweig, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, F Kassel, I Katkov, S Kudella, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, K Kousouris, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, F A Triantis, N Filipovic, G Pasztor, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, J R Komaragiri, S Bahinipati, S Bhowmik, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, U Bhawandeep, R Chawla, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, G Kole, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, R K Dewanjee, S Ganguly, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, C Caputo, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, L Fiore, G Iaselli, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, A Sharma, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, L Brigliadori, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, L Russo, G Sguazzoni, D Strom, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, M R Monge, E Robutti, S Tosi, L Brianza, F Brivio, V Ciriolo, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, G De Nardo, S Di Guida, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, M Gulmini, S Lacaprara, G Maron, J Pazzini, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, R Rossin, F Simonetto, E Torassa, S Ventura, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, F Fallavollita, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, M Ressegotti, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, G M Bilei, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, G Mantovani, V Mariani, M Menichelli, A Saha, A Santocchia, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, J Bernardini, T Boccali, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, G Fedi, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, D Del Re, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, J Lee, S Lee, S W Lee, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, D H Moon, G Oh, J A Brochero Cifuentes, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, H Lee, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, G Ryu, M S Ryu, Y Choi, J Goh, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, R Lopez-Fernandez, R Magaña Villalba, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, S Carpinteyro, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, W A Khan, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, K Romanowska-Rybinska, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, A Pyskir, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, B Calpas, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, J Seixas, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, S Afanasiev, P Bunin, M Gavrilenko, I Golutvin, I Gorbunov, A Kamenev, V Karjavin, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, V Palichik, V Perelygin, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, N Voytishin, A Zarubin, L Chtchipounov, V Golovtsov, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, V Sulimov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, T Aushev, A Bylinkin, R Chistov, M Danilov, S Polikarpov, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Leonidov, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, A Ershov, A Gribushin, A Kaminskiy, O Kodolova, V Korotkikh, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, S Petrushanko, V Savrin, A Snigirev, I Vardanyan, V Blinov, Y Skovpen, D Shtol, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, V Krychkine, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, M Dordevic, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, M Barrio Luna, E Calvo, M Cerrada, M Chamizo Llatas, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, E Navarro De Martino, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, D Moran, J Cuevas, C Erice, J Fernandez Menendez, I Gonzalez Caballero, J R González Fernández, E Palencia Cortezon, S Sanchez Cruz, I Suárez Andrés, P Vischia, J M Vizan Garcia, I J Cabrillo, A Calderon, E Curras, M Fernandez, J Garcia-Ferrero, G Gomez, A Lopez Virto, J Marco, C Martinez Rivero, F Matorras, J Piedra Gomez, T Rodrigo, A Ruiz-Jimeno, L Scodellaro, N Trevisani, I Vila, R Vilar Cortabitarte, D Abbaneo, E Auffray, G Auzinger, P Baillon, A H Ball, D Barney, P Bloch, A Bocci, C Botta, T Camporesi, R Castello, M Cepeda, G Cerminara, Y Chen, A Cimmino, D d'Enterria, A Dabrowski, V Daponte, A David, M De Gruttola, A De Roeck, E Di Marco, M Dobson, B Dorney, T du Pree, D Duggan, M Dünser, N Dupont, A Elliott-Peisert, P Everaerts, S Fartoukh, G Franzoni, J Fulcher, W Funk, D Gigi, K Gill, M Girone, F Glege, D Gulhan, S Gundacker, M Guthoff, P Harris, J Hegeman, V Innocente, P Janot, J Kieseler, H Kirschenmann, V Knünz, A Kornmayer, M J Kortelainen, M Krammer, C Lange, P Lecoq, C Lourenço, M T Lucchini, L Malgeri, M Mannelli, A Martelli, F Meijers, J A Merlin, S Mersi, E Meschi, P Milenovic, F Moortgat, S Morovic, M Mulders, H Neugebauer, S Orfanelli, L Orsini, L Pape, E Perez, M Peruzzi, A Petrilli, G Petrucciani, A Pfeiffer, M Pierini, A Racz, T Reis, G Rolandi, M Rovere, H Sakulin, J B Sauvan, C Schäfer, C Schwick, M Seidel, M Selvaggi, A Sharma, P Silva, P Sphicas, J Steggemann, M Stoye, Y Takahashi, M Tosi, D Treille, A Triossi, A Tsirou, V Veckalns, G I Veres, M Verweij, N Wardle, H K Wöhri, A Zagozdzinska, W D Zeuner, W Bertl, K Deiters, W Erdmann, R Horisberger, Q Ingram, H C Kaestli, D Kotlinski, U Langenegger, T Rohe, S A Wiederkehr, F Bachmair, L Bäni, L Bianchini, B Casal, G Dissertori, M Dittmar, M Donegà, C Grab, C Heidegger, D Hits, J Hoss, G Kasieczka, W Lustermann, B Mangano, M Marionneau, P Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, M Masciovecchio, M T Meinhard, D Meister, F Micheli, P Musella, F Nessi-Tedaldi, F Pandolfi, J Pata, F Pauss, G Perrin, L Perrozzi, M Quittnat, M Rossini, M Schönenberger, A Starodumov, V R Tavolaro, K Theofilatos, R Wallny, T K Aarrestad, C Amsler, L Caminada, M F Canelli, A De Cosa, S Donato, C Galloni, A Hinzmann, T Hreus, B Kilminster, J Ngadiuba, D Pinna, G Rauco, P Robmann, D Salerno, C Seitz, Y Yang, A Zucchetta, V Candelise, T H Doan, Sh Jain, R Khurana, M Konyushikhin, C M Kuo, W Lin, A Pozdnyakov, S S Yu, Arun Kumar, P Chang, Y H Chang, Y Chao, K F Chen, P H Chen, F Fiori, W-S Hou, Y Hsiung, Y F Liu, R-S Lu, M Miñano Moya, E Paganis, A Psallidas, J F Tsai, B Asavapibhop, G Singh, N Srimanobhas, N Suwonjandee, A Adiguzel, F Boran, S Damarseckin, Z S Demiroglu, C Dozen, E Eskut, S Girgis, G Gokbulut, Y Guler, I Hos, E E Kangal, O Kara, A Kayis Topaksu, U Kiminsu, M Oglakci, G Onengut, K Ozdemir, S Ozturk, A Polatoz, B Tali, S Turkcapar, I S Zorbakir, C Zorbilmez, B Bilin, B Isildak, G Karapinar, M Yalvac, M Zeyrek, E Gülmez, M Kaya, O Kaya, E A Yetkin, T Yetkin, A Cakir, K Cankocak, S Sen, B Grynyov, L Levchuk, P Sorokin, R Aggleton, F Ball, L Beck, J J Brooke, D Burns, E Clement, D Cussans, H Flacher, J Goldstein, M Grimes, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, C Lucas, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, A Poll, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, D Smith, V J Smith, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, M Baber, R Bainbridge, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, R Di Maria, P Dunne, A Elwood, D Futyan, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, T James, R Lane, C Laner, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, J Nash, A Nikitenko, J Pela, B Penning, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, E Scott, C Seez, S Summers, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, J Wright, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, R Bartek, A Dominguez, A Buccilli, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, C West, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, D Cutts, A Garabedian, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, O Jesus, K H M Kwok, E Laird, G Landsberg, Z Mao, M Narain, S Piperov, S Sagir, E Spencer, R Syarif, R Breedon, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, S Chauhan, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, S Shalhout, M Shi, J Smith, M Squires, D Stolp, K Tos, M Tripathi, M Bachtis, C Bravo, R Cousins, A Dasgupta, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, N Mccoll, D Saltzberg, C Schnaible, V Valuev, M Weber, E Bouvier, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, S M A Ghiasi Shirazi, G Hanson, J Heilman, P Jandir, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, A Shrinivas, W Si, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, G B Cerati, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, A Holzner, D Klein, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, C Welke, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, N Amin, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, M Franco Sevilla, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, H Qu, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, J Yoo, D Anderson, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J Bunn, J M Lawhorn, A Mott, H B Newman, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, T Ferguson, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, M Weinberg, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, S Leontsinis, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, J R Patterson, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, D Winn, S Abdullin, M Albrow, G Apollinari, A Apresyan, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, S Cihangir, M Cremonesi, J Duarte, V D Elvira, I Fisk, J Freeman, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, D Hare, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, J Linacre, D Lincoln, R Lipton, M Liu, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, S Maruyama, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, J Strait, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, Y Wu, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, S Das, R D Field, I K Furic, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, J F Low, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, L Shchutska, D Sperka, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, S Linn, P Markowitz, G Martinez, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, T Adams, A Askew, S Bein, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, T Kolberg, T Perry, H Prosper, A Santra, R Yohay, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, R Cavanaugh, X Chen, O Evdokimov, C E Gerber, D A Hangal, D J Hofman, K Jung, J Kamin, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, H Trauger, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, S Boren, J Bowen, J Castle, L Forthomme, S Khalil, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, G Y Jeng, R G Kellogg, J Kunkle, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, A Apyan, V Azzolini, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, M D'Alfonso, Z Demiragli, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Tatar, D Velicanu, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, P Hansen, S Kalafut, S C Kao, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, N Tambe, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, K Bloom, D R Claes, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, I Kravchenko, A Malta Rodrigues, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, D Nguyen, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, D Nash, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, R-J Wang, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, O Charaf, K A Hahn, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, N Rupprecht, G Smith, S Taroni, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, D Lange, J Luo, D Marlow, T Medvedeva, K Mei, I Ojalvo, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, A Svyatkovskiy, C Tully, S Malik, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, A Khatiwada, D H Miller, N Neumeister, J F Schulte, J Sun, F Wang, W Xie, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, B Akgun, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, J Roberts, J Rorie, Z Tu, J Zabel, B Betchart, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, A Agapitos, J P Chou, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, R Montalvo, K Nash, M Osherson, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, A G Delannoy, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, J Damgov, F De Guio, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, E Gurpinar, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, J Sturdy, S Zaleski, D A Belknap, J Buchanan, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, U Hussain, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
The relative yields of ϒ mesons produced in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV and reconstructed via the dimuon decay channel are measured using data collected by the CMS experiment. Double ratios are formed by comparing the yields of the excited states, ϒ(2S) and ϒ(3S), to the ground state, ϒ(1S), in both Pb-Pb and pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. The double ratios, [ϒ(nS)/ϒ(1S)]_{Pb-Pb}/[ϒ(nS)/ϒ(1S)]_{pp}, are measured to be 0.308±0.055(stat)±0.019(syst) for the ϒ(2S) and less than 0...
April 6, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693462/the-current-prevalence-of-asthma-allergic-rhinitis-and-eczema-related-symptoms-in-school-aged-children-in-costa-rica
#14
M E Soto-Martínez, A Yock-Corrales, K Camacho-Badilla, S Abdallah, N Duggan, L Avila-Benedictis, J J Romero, M E Soto-Quirós
OBJECTIVE: Asthma prevalence in Costa Rica is among the highest worldwide. We aimed to determine the prevalence of asthma among school-age children in the Central Highland Area of Costa Rica. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire was performed. Parents or guardians of children aged 6-13 years completed written questionnaires. RESULTS: Total of 2817 school-aged children returned these questionnaires (74...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674386/functional-characterization-of-a-glycosyltransferase-from-the-moss-physcomitrella-patens-involved-in-the-biosynthesis-of-a-novel-cell-wall-arabinoglucan
#15
Alison W Roberts, Jelle Lahnstein, Yves S Y Hsieh, Xiaohui Xing, Kuok Yap, Arielle M Chaves, Tess R Scavuzzo-Duggan, George Dimitroff, Andrew Lonsdale, Eric M Roberts, Vincent Bulone, Geoffrey B Fincher, Monika Susanne Doblin, Antony Bacic, Rachel A Burton
Mixed-linkage (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan (MLG), an abundant cell wall polysaccharide in the Poaceae, has been detected in ascomycetes, algae, and seedless vascular plants, but not in eudicots. Although MLG has not been reported in bryophytes, a predicted glycosyltransferase from the moss Physcomitrella patens (Pp3c12_24670) is similar to a bona fide ascomycete MLG synthase. We tested whether Pp3c12_24670 encodes an MLG synthase by expressing it in wild tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana) and testing for release of diagnostic oligosaccharides from the cell walls by either lichenase or (1,4)-β-glucan endohydrolase...
April 19, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648641/factors-associated-with-ever-use-of-mammography-in-a-limited-resource-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
L Cruz-Jiménez, G Torres-Mejía, A Mohar-Betancourt, L Campero, A Ángeles-Llerenas, C Ortega-Olvera, L Martínez-Matsushita, N Reynoso-Noverón, C Duggan, B O Anderson
Objective: To evaluate facilitators and barriers influencing mammography screening participation among women. Design: Mixed methods study. Setting: Three hospital catchment areas in Hidalgo, Mexico. Participants: Four hundred and fifty-five women aged 40-69 years. Intervention: Three hundred and eighty women completed a survey about knowledge, beliefs and perceptions about breast cancer screening, and 75 women participated in semi-structured, in-person interviews...
April 10, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622412/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-aminobenzothiazoles-as-blockers-of-n-and-t-type-calcium-channels
#17
Anjali Sairaman, Fernanda Caldas Cardoso, Anjie Bispat, Richard J Lewis, Peter J Duggan, Kellie L Tuck
Both N- and T-type calcium ion channels have been implicated in pain transmission and the N-type channel is a well-validated target for the treatment of neuropathic pain. An SAR investigation of a series of substituted aminobenzothiazoles identified a subset of five compounds with comparable activity to the positive control Z160 in a FLIPR-based intracellular calcium response assay measuring potency at both CaV 2.2 and CaV 3.2 channels. These compounds may form the basis for the development of drug leads and tool compounds for assessing in vivo effects of variable modulation of CaV 2...
March 19, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620998/breast-cancer-family-history-and-contralateral-breast-cancer-risk-in-young-women-an-update-from-the-women-s-environmental-cancer-and-radiation-epidemiology-study
#18
Anne S Reiner, Julia Sisti, Esther M John, Charles F Lynch, Jennifer D Brooks, Lene Mellemkjær, John D Boice, Julia A Knight, Patrick Concannon, Marinela Capanu, Marc Tischkowitz, Mark Robson, Xiaolin Liang, Meghan Woods, David V Conti, David Duggan, Roy Shore, Daniel O Stram, Duncan C Thomas, Kathleen E Malone, Leslie Bernstein, Jonine L Bernstein
Purpose The Women's Environmental Cancer and Radiation Epidemiology (WECARE) study demonstrated the importance of breast cancer family history on contralateral breast cancer (CBC) risk, even for noncarriers of deleterious BRCA1/2 mutations. With the completion of WECARE II, updated risk estimates are reported. Additional analyses that exclude women negative for deleterious mutations in ATM, CHEK2*1100delC, and PALB2 were performed. Patients and Methods The WECARE Study is a population-based case-control study that compared 1,521 CBC cases with 2,212 individually matched unilateral breast cancer (UBC) controls...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617572/toward-%C3%AE-secretase-1-inhibitors-with-improved-isoform-selectivity
#19
Patrik Johansson, Karin Kaspersson, Ian K Gurrell, Elisabeth Back, Susanna Eketjäll, Clay W Scott, Gvido Cebers, Philip Thorne, Michael J McKenzie, Haydn Beaton, Paul Davey, Karin Kolmodin, Jorg Holenz, Mark E Duggan, Samantha Budd Haeberlein, Roland Werner Burli
BACE1 is responsible for the first step in APP proteolysis, leading to toxic Aβ production and has been indicated to play a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The related isoform BACE2 is thought to be involved in processing of the pigment cell-specific melanocyte protein. To avoid potential effects on pigmentation, we investigated the feasibility for developing isoform-selective BACE1 inhibitors. Co-crystal structures of 47 compounds were analyzed and clustered according to their selectivity profiles...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#20
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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