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Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Hiral Shah, Emiliano Albanese, Cynthia Duggan, Igor Rudan, Kenneth M Langa, Maria C Carrillo, Kit Yee Chan, Yves Joanette, Martin Prince, Martin Rossor, Shekhar Saxena, Heather M Snyder, Reisa Sperling, Mathew Varghese, Huali Wang, Marc Wortmann, Tarun Dua
At the First WHO Ministerial Conference on Global Action Against Dementia in March, 2015, 160 delegates, including representatives from 80 WHO Member States and four UN agencies, agreed on a call for action to reduce the global burden of dementia by fostering a collective effort to advance research. To drive this effort, we completed a globally representative research prioritisation exercise using an adapted version of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method. We elicited 863 research questions from 201 participants and consolidated these questions into 59 thematic research avenues, which were scored anonymously by 162 researchers and stakeholders from 39 countries according to five criteria...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Máire A Duggan, William F Anderson, Sean Altekruse, Lynne Penberthy, Mark E Sherman
The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program of the National Cancer Institute collects data on cancer diagnoses, treatment, and survival for approximately 30% of the United States (US) population. To reflect advances in research and oncology practice, approaches to cancer control are evolving from simply enumerating the development of cancers by organ site in populations to including monitoring of cancer occurrence by histopathologic and molecular subtype, as defined by driver mutations and other alterations...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Shane P Duggan, Fiona M Behan, Murat Kirca, Abdul Zaheer, Sarah A McGarrigle, John V Reynolds, Gisela M F Vaz, Mathias O Senge, Dermot Kelleher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kim-Lin Chiew, Shanley Chong, Kirsten J Duggan, Nasreen Kaadan, Shalini K Vinod
AIM: To investigate adherence to clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) in cervical cancer and the correlation with clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using patient information from a population-based cancer registry (2005-2011, n = 208). Compliance to 10 widely accepted CPGs was assessed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess sociodemographic factors associated with CPG adherence. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to assess the relationship between CPG adherence and 5-year survival...
October 11, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Jian Gong, Carolyn M Hutter, Polly A Newcomb, Cornelia M Ulrich, Stephanie A Bien, Peter T Campbell, John A Baron, Sonja I Berndt, Stephane Bezieau, Hermann Brenner, Graham Casey, Andrew T Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Mengmeng Du, David Duggan, Jane C Figueiredo, Steven Gallinger, Edward L Giovannucci, Robert W Haile, Tabitha A Harrison, Richard B Hayes, Michael Hoffmeister, John L Hopper, Thomas J Hudson, Jihyoun Jeon, Mark A Jenkins, Jonathan Kocarnik, Sébastien Küry, Loic Le Marchand, Yi Lin, Noralane M Lindor, Reiko Nishihara, Shuji Ogino, John D Potter, Anja Rudolph, Robert E Schoen, Petra Schrotz-King, Daniela Seminara, Martha L Slattery, Stephen N Thibodeau, Mark Thornquist, Reka Toth, Robert Wallace, Emily White, Shuo Jiao, Mathieu Lemire, Li Hsu, Ulrike Peters
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many genetic susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, variants in these loci explain only a small proportion of familial aggregation, and there are likely additional variants that are associated with CRC susceptibility. Genome-wide studies of gene-environment interactions may identify variants that are not detected in GWAS of marginal gene effects. To study this, we conducted a genome-wide analysis for interaction between genetic variants and alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking using data from the Colon Cancer Family Registry (CCFR) and the Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO)...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Layan Akijian, Danielle Ní Chróinín, Elizabeth Callaly, Niamh Hannon, Michael Marnane, Áine Merwick, Órla Sheehan, Derek Hayden, Gillian Horgan, Joseph Duggan, Lorraine Kyne, Killian O'Rourke, Sean Murphy, Eamon Dolan, David Williams, Peter J Kelly
BACKGROUND: Few studies have directly compared stroke recurrence rates after stroke and transient ischemic attack, and the risk factors underlying early recurrence are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate risk factors for recurrent stroke after first stroke and transient ischemic attack in a population-based study. METHODS: The North Dublin Population Stroke Study applied multiple overlapping hot and cold pursuit methods, to ascertain hospital- and community-treated stroke and transient ischemic attack patients over a 12-month period...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Youfang Liu, Cora E Lewis, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, James Torner, David T Felson, Charles E McCulloch, C Kent Kwoh, Michael C Nevitt, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Joanne M Jordan, Rebecca D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: A major barrier to genetic studies of OA is the need to obtain large numbers of individuals with standardized radiographic evaluations for OA. To address this gap, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of radiographically-defined tibiofemoral knee OA in 3,898 cases and 3,168 controls from four well-characterized North American cohorts, and replication analysis of published OA loci. METHODS: We performed meta-analysis using a two-stage design...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Richard L Guerrant, Alvaro M Leite, Relana Pinkerton, Pedro H Q S Medeiros, Paloma A Cavalcante, Mark DeBoer, Margaret Kosek, Christopher Duggan, Andrew Gewirtz, Jonathan C Kagan, Anna E Gauthier, Jonathan Swann, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, David T Bolick, Elizabeth A Maier, Marjorie M Guedes, Sean R Moore, William A Petri, Alexandre Havt, Ila F Lima, Mara de Moura Gondim Prata, Josyf C Michaleckyj, Rebecca J Scharf, Craig Sturgeon, Alessio Fasano, Aldo A M Lima
Critical to the design and assessment of interventions for enteropathy and its developmental consequences in children living in impoverished conditions are non-invasive biomarkers that can detect intestinal damage and predict its effects on growth and development. We therefore assessed fecal, urinary and systemic biomarkers of enteropathy and growth predictors in 375 6-26 month-old children with varying degrees of malnutrition (stunting or wasting) in Northeast Brazil. 301 of these children returned for followup anthropometry after 2-6m...
2016: PloS One
Caitlin Mason, Jean De Dieu Tapsoba, Catherine Duggan, Ikuyo Imayama, Ching-Yun Wang, Larissa Korde, Anne McTiernan
Reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL), depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality are important health issues among postmenopausal women and may be associated with low vitamin D status. Overweight postmenopausal women, with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] 10-32ng/m, were recruited in Seattle, WA (2010-2012) and randomly assigned to 12months of weight loss +2000IU oral vitamin D3/day or weight loss+daily placebo. The weight-loss program included a reduced-calorie diet and 225min/week of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic activity...
September 26, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Pili Kamenju, Enju Liu, Ellen Hertzmark, Donna Spiegelman, Rodrick Kisenge, Roland Kupka, Said Aboud, Karim P Manji, Christopher Duggan, Wafaie W Fawzi
Complementary feeding is crucial for improving child survival and promoting growth and development, particularly among HIV-exposed children who have higher risk of morbidity and mortality than their un-exposed peers. This prospective study employed an infant and child feeding index (ICFI) to measure complementary feeding and determine its association with nutritional status among 2092 HIV-exposed infants followed from 6 to 24 months of age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The ICFI measured both quality and quantity of complementary feeding, including current breastfeeding status, food consistency, dietary diversity scores (DDS), food group frequency score, and meal frequency...
September 30, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Celeste B Burness, Sean T Duggan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
S Dzakpasu, J Duggan, J Fahey, R S Kirby
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess bias in the body mass index (BMI) measure in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES) and possible implications of bias on the relationship between BMI and selected pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We assessed BMI classification based on self-reported versus measured values. We used a random sample of 6175 women from the MES, which derived BMI from self-reported height and weight, and a random sample of 259 women who had previously given birth from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS), which derived BMI from self-reported and measured height and weight...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Trisha Dunning, Nicole Duggan, Sally Savage
End-of-life care planning is assuming global significance. While general end-of-life care guidelines apply to diabetes, there are some diabetes-specific issues that need to be considered. These include the usual long trajectory to end-of-life care that enables clinicians and people with diabetes to proactively discuss when to change the focus of care from preventing diabetes complications (tight control) to a palliative approach. Palliative care aims to promote comfort and quality of life and reduce the unnecessary burden of care on individuals and their families...
November 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Jane C Walsh, Teresa Corbett, Michael Hogan, Jim Duggan, Abra McNamara
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a growing concern for society and is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, obesity, and other chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of the Accupedo-Pro Pedometer mobile phone app intervention, with the goal of increasing daily step counts in young adults. METHODS: Mobile phone users (n=58) between 17-26 years of age were randomized to one of two conditions (experimental and control)...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Simon Gilbody, Anne-Marie Bagnall, Lorna Duggan, Arja Tuunainen
BACKGROUND: Risperidone is one of a number of 'atypical antipsychotics' which are currently being marketed for the treatment of those with schizophrenia, largely on the basis of claims of improved tolerability and effectiveness compared to much cheaper conventional antipsychotics. The efficacy of risperidone has already been compared to conventional drugs, but it remains unclear how risperidone compares with other atypical antipsychotic drugs such as clozapine. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of risperidone compared with other atypical antipsychotic drugs for schizophrenia...
September 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sean Duggan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
Jamie A Freemont, Stuart W Littler, Oliver E Hutt, Stephanie Mauger, Adam G Meyer, David A Winkler, Maurice G Kerr, John H Ryan, Helen F Cole, Peter J Duggan
Pyrethrum is a natural insecticide extracted from Tanacetum cinerariifolium. Six esters, the pyrethrins, are responsible for the extract's insecticidal activity. The oxidative degradation of pyrethrins through contact with aerial oxygen is a potential cause of pyrethrin losses during pyrethrum manufacture. Described here is the first investigation of the autoxidation chemistry of the six pyrethrin esters isolated from pyrethrum. It was found that pyrethrins I and II, the major pyrethrin esters present in pyrethrum, undergo autoxidation more readily than the minor pyrethrin esters, the jasmolins and cinerins...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jianjia Fan, Shahab Zareyan, Wenchen Zhao, Yoko Shimizu, Tom A Pfeifer, Jun-Hyung Tak, Murray B Isman, Bernard Van den Hoven, Mark E Duggan, Michael W Wood, Cheryl L Wellington, Iva Kulic
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is the most highly associated susceptibility locus for late onset Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and augmenting the beneficial physiological functions of apoE is a proposed therapeutic strategy. In a high throughput phenotypic screen for small molecules that enhance apoE secretion from human CCF-STTG1 astrocytoma cells, we show the chrysanthemic ester 82879 robustly increases expressed apoE up to 9.4-fold and secreted apoE up to 6-fold and is associated with increased total cholesterol in conditioned media...
2016: PloS One
Shane P Duggan, Fiona M Behan, Murat Kirca, Abdul Zaheer, Sarah A McGarrigle, John V Reynolds, Gisela M F Vaz, Mathias O Senge, Dermot Kelleher
Barrett's oesophagus (BO), an intestinal-type metaplasia (IM), typically arising in conjunction with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, is a prominent risk factor for the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). The molecular similarities between IM and normal intestinal tissues are ill-defined. Consequently, the contribution of intestine-enriched factors expressed within BO to oncogenesis is unclear. Herein, using transcriptomics we define the intestine-enriched genes expressed in meta-profiles of BO and OAC...
2016: Scientific Reports
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