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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910645/publisher-s-note-gaseous-electron-multiplier-based-soft-x-ray-plasma-diagnostics-development-preliminary-tests-at-asdex-upgrade-rev-sci-instrum-87-11e325-2016
#1
M Chernyshova, K Malinowski, T Czarski, A Wojeński, D Vezinet, K T Poźniak, G Kasprowicz, D Mazon, A Jardin, A Herrmann, E Kowalska-Strzęciwilk, R Krawczyk, P Kolasiński, W Zabołotny, P Zienkiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910573/polycapillary-lenses-for-soft-x-ray-transmission-in-iter-model-comparison-with-experiments-and-potential-application
#2
D Mazon, C Liegeard, A Jardin, R Barnsley, M Walsh, M O'Mullane, A Sirinelli, F Dorchies
Measuring Soft X-Ray (SXR) radiation [0.1 keV; 15 keV] in tokamaks is a standard way of extracting valuable information on the particle transport and magnetohydrodynamic activity. Generally, the analysis is performed with detectors positioned close to the plasma for a direct line of sight. A burning plasma, like the ITER deuterium-tritium phase, is too harsh an environment to permit the use of such detectors in close vicinity of the machine. We have thus investigated in this article the possibility of using polycapillary lenses in ITER to transport the SXR information several meters away from the plasma in the complex port-plug geometry...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910468/gaseous-electron-multiplier-based-soft-x-ray-plasma-diagnostics-development-preliminary-tests-at-asdex-upgrade
#3
M Chernyshova, K Malinowski, T Czarski, A Wojeński, D Vezinet, K T Poźniak, G Kasprowicz, D Mazon, A Jardin, A Herrmann, E Kowalska-Strzęciwilk, R Krawczyk, P Kolasiński, W Zabołotny, P Zienkiewicz
A Gaseous Electron Multiplier (GEM)-based detector is being developed for soft X-ray diagnostics on tokamaks. Its main goal is to facilitate transport studies of impurities like tungsten. Such studies are very relevant to ITER, where the excessive accumulation of impurities in the plasma core should be avoided. This contribution provides details of the preliminary tests at ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) with a focus on the most important aspects for detector operation in harsh radiation environment. It was shown that both spatially and spectrally resolved data could be collected, in a reasonable agreement with other AUG diagnostics...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899875/nutrition-considerations-for-microbiota-health-in-diabetes
#4
Meghan Jardine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896479/body-size-drives-allochthony-in-food-webs-of-tropical-rivers
#5
Timothy D Jardine, Thomas S Rayner, Neil E Pettit, Dominic Valdez, Douglas P Ward, Garry Lindner, Michael M Douglas, Stuart E Bunn
Food web subsidies from external sources ("allochthony") can support rich biological diversity and high secondary and tertiary production in aquatic systems, even those with low rates of primary production. However, animals vary in their degree of dependence on these subsidies. We examined dietary sources for aquatic animals restricted to refugial habitats (waterholes) during the dry season in Australia's wet-dry tropics, and show that allochthony is strongly size dependent. While small-bodied fishes and invertebrates derived a large proportion of their diet from autochthonous sources within the waterhole (phytoplankton, periphyton, or macrophytes), larger animals, including predatory fishes and crocodiles, demonstrated allochthony from seasonally inundated floodplains, coastal zones or the surrounding savanna...
November 28, 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890307/-french-society-of-pediatrics-forensic-pathology-speciality-s-union-to-protect-minors
#6
M Balençon, C Garnier-Jardin, M Lemesle, A P Michard Lenoir, F Paysant, C Rambaud, C Rey-Salmon, V Scolan, B Tisseron, N Vabres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865925/orai1-and-orai2-mediate-store-operated-calcium-entry-that-regulates-hl60-cell-migration-and-fak-phosphorylation
#7
R Diez-Bello, I Jardin, G M Salido, J A Rosado
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is a major mechanism for the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and cellular function. Emerging evidence has revealed that altered expression and function of the molecular determinants of SOCE play a critical role in the development or maintenance of several cancer hallmarks, including enhanced proliferation and migration. Here we show that, in the acute myeloid leukemia cell line HL60, Orai2 is highly expressed at the transcript level, followed by the expression of Orai1...
November 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863898/automated-3d-rendering-of-ribs-in-110-polytrauma-patients-strengths-and-limitations
#8
Suonita Khung, Pauline Masset, Alain Duhamel, Jean-Baptiste Faivre, Thomas Flohr, Jacques Remy, Martine Remy-Jardin
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the strengths and limitations of a rib-unfolding software in a polytrauma context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest computed tomography (CT) examinations of 110 patients were reviewed for specific detection of rib fractures using: (1) transverse CT sections ±  multiplanar reformattings (ie, the standard of reference), and (2) unfolded rib images reconstructed by the CT Bone Reading software with the possibility of rib analysis along their long axis and creation of standard orthogonal views in different orientations of any area suspected of fracture...
November 15, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856048/sex-determination-using-the-dsp-probabilistic-sex-diagnosis-method-on-the-coxal-bone-efficiency-of-method-according-to-number-of-available-variables
#9
Gérald Quatrehomme, Irina Radoman, Luísa Nogueira, Philippe du Jardin, Véronique Alunni
The DSP method (probabilistic sex diagnosis) was applied to100 contemporary coxal bones from elderly individuals of the South of France. Ten variables with a posterior probability greater or equal to a 0.95 threshold were used. There was no statistical difference between right side and left side measurements. There was no mistake for sex assignment but the level of indetermination varied a great deal. It was higher in females than in males. The best combinations were obtained when using all 10 variables, some combination of 9 variables (all except SS or SIS or VEAC) or the first 8 variables...
November 1, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849422/the-interprofessional-collaborative-competency-attainment-survey-iccas-a-replication-validation-study
#10
Connie C Schmitz, David M Radosevich, Paul Jardine, Colla J MacDonald, David Trumpower, Douglas Archibald
This study replicates a validation of the Interprofessional Collaboration Competency Attainment Survey (ICCAS), a 20-item self-report instrument designed to assess behaviours associated with patient-centred, team-based, collaborative care. We appraised the content validity of the ICCAS for a foundation course in interprofessional collaboration, investigated its internal (factor) structure and concurrent validity, and compared results with those obtained previously by ICCAS authors. Self-assessed competency ratings were obtained from a broad spectrum of pre-licensure, health professions students (n = 785) using a retrospective, pre-/post-design...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836033/on-farm-starling-populations-and-other-environmental-and-management-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-cefotaxime-and-ciprofloxacin-resistant-e-coli-among-dairy-cattle-in-ohio
#11
Genet A Medhanie, David L Pearl, Scott A McEwen, Michele T Guerin, Claire M Jardine, Jennifer Schrock, Jeffrey T LeJeune
Wild birds that forage around livestock facilities have been implicated as vectors of antimicrobial resistant organisms. Although antimicrobial resistant bacteria have been isolated from European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), their role in the dissemination of antimicrobial resistant elements in livestock facilities needs further investigation. To determine whether on-farm starling density and other factors were associated with the presence of cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin resistant E. coli among dairy cows in Ohio, bovine fecal pats from 150 farms were tested for the presence of cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin resistant E...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830296/radiation-dose-levels-in-pediatric-chest-ct-experience-in-499-children-evaluated-with-dual-source-single-energy-ct
#12
Remy-Jardin Martine, Teresa Santangelo, Lucie Colas, Faivre Jean-Baptiste, Alain Duhamel, Antoine Deschildre, Jacques Remy
BACKGROUND: The availability of dual-source technology has introduced the possibility of scanning children at lower kVp with a high-pitch mode, combining high-speed data acquisition and high temporal resolution. OBJECTIVE: To establish the radiation dose levels of dual-source, single-energy chest CT examinations in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively recorded the dose-length product (DLP) of 499 consecutive examinations obtained in children <50 kg, divided into five weight groups: group 1 (<10 kg, n = 129); group 2 (10-20 kg, n = 176); group 3 (20-30 kg, n = 99), group 4 (30-40 kg, n = 58) and group 5 (40-49 kg, n = 37)...
November 9, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829035/epidemiology-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-raccoons-procyon-lotor-and-the-environment-on-swine-farms-and-conservation-areas-in-southern-ontario
#13
Kristin J Bondo, David L Pearl, Nicol Janecko, Patrick Boerlin, Richard J Reid-Smith, Jane Parmley, Claire M Jardine
Antimicrobial resistance is a global threat to livestock, human and environmental health. Although resistant bacteria have been detected in wildlife, their role in the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance is not clear. Our objective was to investigate demographic, temporal and climatic factors associated with carriage of antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli in raccoons and the environment. We collected samples from raccoon paws and feces and from soil, manure pit and dumpsters on five swine farms and five conservation areas in Ontario, Canada once every five weeks from May to November, 2011-2013 and tested them for E...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821641/effects-of-ischaemic-conditioning-on-major-clinical-outcomes-in-people-undergoing-invasive-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Louisa Sukkar, Daqing Hong, Muh Geot Wong, Sunil V Badve, Kris Rogers, Vlado Perkovic, Michael Walsh, Xueqing Yu, Graham S Hillis, Martin Gallagher, Meg Jardine
OBJECTIVE:  To summarise the benefits and harms of ischaemic conditioning on major clinical outcomes in various settings. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Medline, Embase, Cochrane databases, and International Clinical Trials Registry platform from inception through October 2015. STUDY SELECTION:  All randomised controlled comparisons of the effect of ischaemic conditioning on clinical outcomes were included...
November 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801670/kinetics-prognostic-and-predictive-values-of-esr1-circulating-mutations-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-progressing-on-aromatase-inhibitor
#15
Florian Clatot, Anne Perdrix, Laetitia Augusto, Ludivine Beaussire, Julien Delacour, Céline Calbrix, David Sefrioui, Pierre-Julien Viailly, Michael Bubenheim, Cristian Moldovan, Cristina Alexandru, Isabelle Tennevet, Olivier Rigal, Cécile Guillemet, Marianne Leheurteur, Sophie Gouérant, Camille Petrau, Jean-Christophe Théry, Jean-Michel Picquenot, Corinne Veyret, Thierry Frébourg, Fabrice Jardin, Nasrin Sarafan-Vasseur, Frédéric Di Fiore
PURPOSE: To assess the prognostic and predictive value of circulating ESR1 mutation and its kinetics before and after progression on aromatase inhibitor (AI) treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ESR1 circulating D538G and Y537S/N/C mutations were retrospectively analyzed by digital droplet PCR after first-line AI failure in patients treated consecutively from 2010 to 2012 for hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed according to circulating mutational status and subsequent lines of treatment...
October 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801078/oomycete-species-associated-with-soybean-seedlings-in-north-america-part-i-identification-and-pathogenicity-characterization
#16
Alejandro Rojas, Janette L Jacobs, Stephanie Napieralski, Behirda Karaj, Carl A Bradley, Tom Chase, Paul Esker, Loren Giesler, Douglas Jardine, Dean Malvick, Sam Markell, Berlin D Nelson, Alison Robertson, John C Rupe, Damon Smith, Laura Sweets, Albert Tenuta, Kiersten Wise, Martin I Chilvers
Oomycete pathogens are commonly associated with soybean root rot, and have been estimated to reduce soybean yields in the United States by 1.5 million tons on an annual basis.  Limited information exists regarding the frequency and diversity of oomycete species across the major soybean producing regions in North America. A survey was conducted across 11 major soybean producing states in the U.S. and the province of Ontario, Canada. In 2011, 2,378 oomycete cultures were isolated from soybean seedling roots on a semi-selective medium (CMA-PARPB) and identified by sequencing of the ITS region of rDNA...
November 1, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798199/predictors-of-atherosclerotic-events-in-patients-on-haemodialysis-post-hoc-analyses-from-the-aurora-study
#17
Marit D Solbu, Geir Mjøen, Patrick B Mark, Hallvard Holdaas, Bengt Fellström, Roland E Schmieder, Faiez Zannad, William G Herrington, Alan G Jardine
BACKGROUND: Patients on haemodialysis (HD) are at high risk for cardiovascular events, but heart failure and sudden death are more common than atherosclerotic events. The A Study to Evaluate the Use of Rosuvastatinin in Subjects on Regular Hemodialysis: An Assessment of Survival and Cardiovascular Events (AURORA) trial was designed to assess the effect of rosuvastatin on myocardial infarction and death from any cardiac cause in 2773 HD patients. We studied predictors of the atherosclerotic cardiovascular events in AURORA...
October 17, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787286/haemorrhage-at-caesarean-section-a-framework-for-prevention-and-research
#18
Jennifer E Jardine, Penny Law, Matthew Hogg, Deirdre Murphy, Khalid S Khan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Caesarean section rates are increasing across the world. Postpartum haemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; major haemorrhage is more common after caesarean delivery. There is a wide range of practice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. The aim of this review is to summarize current opinion in the management of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent large randomized controlled trials have shown a possible effect from the routine use of tranexamic acid and ergometrine...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777691/current-attitudes-toward-the-acgme-and-its-role-perspectives-of-a-national-multi-specialty-panel-of-residents-and-fellows
#19
Nicholas Weida, Lcdr Dinchen Jardine, Benjamin Kennedy, Amy Beane, Timothy Daskivich
BACKGROUND : Resident attitudes toward the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) likely influence the ACGME's effectiveness in its role of ensuring compliance with its requirements. Beyond perceptions of duty hour limits and their enforcement, there is a lack of data on resident perceptions of the ACGME and its role. OBJECTIVE : We explored resident attitudes toward the ACGME and developed recommendations for improved outreach to the resident community to improve perceptions...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744547/a-mixture-of-milk-and-vegetable-lipids-in-infant-formula-changes-gut-digestion-mucosal-immunity-and-microbiota-composition-in-neonatal-piglets
#20
Isabelle Le Huërou-Luron, Karima Bouzerzour, Stéphanie Ferret-Bernard, Olivia Ménard, Laurence Le Normand, Cécile Perrier, Cindy Le Bourgot, Julien Jardin, Claire Bourlieu, Thomas Carton, Pascale Le Ruyet, Isabelle Cuinet, Cécile Bonhomme, Didier Dupont
PURPOSE: Although composition of infant formula has been significantly improved during the last decade, major differences with the composition and structure of breast milk still remain and might affect nutrient digestion and gut biology. We hypothesized that the incorporation of dairy fat in infant formulas could modify their physiological impacts by making their composition closer to that of human milk. The effect of milk fat and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) fragments in infant formulas on gut digestion, mucosal immunity and microbiota composition was evaluated...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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